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Attention bias modification

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729676/attentional-bias-modification-for-social-anxiety-disorder-what-do-patients-think-and-why-does-it-matter
#1
Jennie M Kuckertz, Casey A Schofield, Elise M Clerkin, Jennifer Primack, Hannah Boettcher, Risa B Weisberg, Nader Amir, Courtney Beard
BACKGROUND: In the past decade, a great deal of research has examined the efficacy and mechanisms of attentional bias modification (ABM), a computerized cognitive training intervention for anxiety and other disorders. However, little research has examined how anxious patients perceive ABM, and it is unclear to what extent perceptions of ABM influence outcome. AIMS: To examine patient perceptions of ABM across two studies, using a mixed methods approach. METHOD: In the first study, participants completed a traditional ABM program and received a hand-out with minimal information about the purpose of the task...
May 6, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617325/recent-advances-in-attention-bias-modification-for-substance-addictions
#2
Melvyn Weibin Zhang, Jiang Bo Ying, Guo Song, Daniel S S Fung, Helen E Smith
Research on attentional bias modification has increased since 2014. A recent meta-analysis demonstrates evidence for bias modification for substance disorders, including alcohol and tobacco use disorders. Several pharmacological trials have shown that pharmacological agents can attenuate and modify such attentional bias. The pharmacological trials that have appeared to date have produced mixed results, which has clinical implications. Developments in Internet and mobile technologies have transformed how attention bias modification is currently being achieved...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587807/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-preceded-by-an-experimental-attention-bias-modification-procedure-in-recurrent-depression-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Tom Østergaard, Tobias Lundgren, Robert Zettle, Rune Jonassen, Catherine J Harmer, Tore C Stiles, Nils Inge Landrø, Vegard Øksendal Haaland
BACKGROUND: This project studies the effect of group-based Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) following Attention Bias Modification (ABM) on residual symptoms in recurrent depression. ACT is a cognitive-behavioral intervention combining acceptance and mindfulness processes with commitment and behavior-change processes. ACT enjoys modest empirical support in treating depression and has also shown promising results in secondary prevention of depression. The experimental cognitive bias modification (ABM) procedure has been shown to reduce surrogate markers of depression vulnerability in patients in remission from depression...
March 27, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567546/body-image-related-negative-interpretation-bias-in-anorexia-nervosa
#4
Timo Brockmeyer, Alisa Anderle, Hagen Schmidt, Stephanie Febry, Wally Wünsch-Leiteritz, Andreas Leiteritz, Hans-Christoph Friederich
A distorted body image and pronounced body dissatisfaction are hallmarks of anorexia nervosa (AN) that typically result in dietary restraint and compensatory behaviours. Cognitive biases such as negative interpretation bias are considered key maintaining factors of these maladaptive cognitions and behaviours. However, little attention has been paid to empirical tests whether negative interpretation bias exists in AN and to what degree it is associated with symptom severity. Participants in the present study were 40 women with AN and 40 healthy women with no history of an eating disorder...
March 14, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559352/attention-biases-in-preoccupation-with-body-image-an-erp-study-of-the-role-of-social-comparison-and-automaticity-when-processing-body-size
#5
Helen Uusberg, Krista Peet, Andero Uusberg, Kirsti Akkermann
Appearance-related attention biases are thought to contribute to body image disturbances. We investigated how preoccupation with body image is associated with attention biases to body size, focusing on the role of social comparison processes and automaticity. Thirty-six women varying on self-reported preoccupation compared their actual body size to size-modified images of either themselves or a figure-matched peer. Amplification of earlier (N170, P2) and later (P3, LPP) ERP components recorded under low vs...
March 17, 2018: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542816/positive-online-attentional-training-as-a-means-of-modifying-attentional-and-interpretational-biases-among-the-clinically-depressed-an-experimental-study-using-eye-tracking
#6
Izabela Krejtz, Paweł Holas, Marzena Rusanowska, John B Nezlek
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the effectiveness of online positive attention bias modification training (ABMT) in inducing positive attention and positive interpretational biases in depressed individuals. METHOD: Clinically depressed individuals (n = 60) were randomly assigned to one of two conditions of 14-day online ABMT. In the positive ABMT condition, a probe replaced positive stimuli in 100% of trials. In the control condition, the probe replaced positive stimuli in 50% of trials...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530259/modification-of-hostile-interpretation-bias-in-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Hillary L Smith, Kirsten H Dillon, Jesse R Cougle
Interpretation Bias Modification (IBM) is gaining attention in the literature as an intervention that alters cognitive biases and reduces associated symptoms. Forty, primarily college-aged, non-treatment-seeking adults with major depressive disorder (MDD) were randomly assigned to receive either IBM targeting hostile interpretation bias (IBM-H) or a healthy video control (HVC) condition. Compared to those in HVC, participants in IBM-H reported more benign interpretations and fewer hostile interpretations at posttreatment...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519156/the-effect-of-attentional-bias-modification-training-on-food-intake-in-overweight-and-obese-women
#8
Evelyn Smith, Agatha Treffiletti, Phoebe E Bailey, Ahmed A Moustafa
This study modified food attentional biases via computerized attentional bias modification training and examined the effects on food intake. Overweight women were randomly allocated to (1) direct attention away from food ("attentional-training"), (2) direct attention at random to food or neutral ("placebo"), or (3) no training ("control"). Individuals then completed a taste test. Those in the attentional-training consumed on average 600 kJ less of total food compared to the placebo...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490893/empirical-evidence-for-the-outcomes-of-therapeutic-video-games-for-adolescents-with-anxiety-disorders-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Steven Barnes, Julie Prescott
BACKGROUND: Extant evidence suggests that the proportion of adolescents suffering from anxiety disorders (ADs) has increased by up to 70% since the mid-1980s, with experience of anxiety at this stage associated with significant negative short- and long-term life outcomes. The existing therapeutic interventions (eg, cognitive behavioral therapy, CBT; attention bias modification, ABM) have proven to have clinically measurable benefits in reducing anxiety, but their efficacy is often compromised by social and practical barriers...
February 28, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432784/cognitive-and-neuromodulation-strategies-for-unhealthy-eating-and-obesity-systematic-review-and-discussion-of-neurocognitive-mechanisms
#10
REVIEW
Laura Forcano, Fernanda Mata, Rafael de la Torre, Antonio Verdejo-Garcia
We systematically reviewed research on cognitive training and neuromodulation interventions for reducing food craving/intake, unhealthy diet and weight, and discussed their mechanisms of action. We reviewed 50 studies involving six cognitive trainings: Approach and Attentional Bias Modification, Implementation Intentions, Response Inhibition, Episodic Future Thinking and Working Memory; and four neuromodulation approaches: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS), Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) and Neurofeedback...
April 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422449/attention-bias-in-individuals-with-addictive-disorders-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Melvyn Zhang, JiangBo Ying, Guo Song, Roger Cm Ho, Daniel Ss Fung, Helen Smith
BACKGROUND: Globally, substance disorders, particularly that of opiate use, cannabis use, and stimulant use disorders, are highly prevalent. Psychological treatments are an integral aspect of intervention, but a proportion of individuals still relapse despite having received such an intervention. Recently, the dual-process theory proposed that the unconscious processes of attention biases are responsible for these relapses. Prior meta-analyses have reported the presence of attention bias in alcohol and tobacco use disorders...
February 8, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413142/biobehavioral-markers-of-attention-bias-modification-in-temperamental-risk-for-anxiety-a-randomized-control-trial
#12
Pan Liu, Bradley C Taber-Thomas, Xiaoxue Fu, Koraly E Pérez-Edgar
OBJECTIVE: Children with behavioral inhibition, a temperament characterized by biologically based hypervigilance to novelty and social withdrawal, are at high risk for developing anxiety. This study examined the effect of a novel attention training protocol, attention bias modification (ABM), on symptomatic, behavioral, and neural risk markers in children with behavioral inhibition. METHOD: Nine- to 12-year-old typically developing children identified as having behavioral inhibition (N = 84) were assigned to a 4-session active ABM training (n = 43) or placebo protocol (n = 41) using a double-blinded, randomized, controlled trial approach...
February 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402737/anxiety-and-threat-related-attention-cognitive-motivational-framework-and-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Karin Mogg, Brendan P Bradley
Research in experimental psychopathology and cognitive theories of anxiety highlight threat-related attention biases (ABs) and underpin the development of a computer-delivered treatment for anxiety disorders: attention-bias modification (ABM) training. Variable effects of ABM training on anxiety and ABs generate conflicting research recommendations, novel ABM training procedures, and theoretical controversy. This article summarises an updated cognitive-motivational framework, integrating proposals from cognitive models of anxiety and attention, as well as evidence of ABs...
March 2018: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402630/implicit-attentional-bias-for-facial-emotion-in-dissociative-seizures-additional-evidence
#14
Susannah Pick, John D C Mellers, Laura H Goldstein
This study sought to extend knowledge about the previously reported preconscious attentional bias (AB) for facial emotion in patients with dissociative seizures (DS) by exploring whether the finding could be replicated, while controlling for concurrent anxiety, depression, and potentially relevant cognitive impairments. Patients diagnosed with DS (n=38) were compared with healthy controls (n=43) on a pictorial emotional Stroop test, in which backwardly masked emotional faces (angry, happy, neutral) were processed implicitly...
March 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385164/the-specificity-of-attentional-biases-by-type-of-gambling-an-eye-tracking-study
#15
Daniel S McGrath, Amadeus Meitner, Christopher R Sears
A growing body of research indicates that gamblers develop an attentional bias for gambling-related stimuli. Compared to research on substance use, however, few studies have examined attentional biases in gamblers using eye-gaze tracking, which has many advantages over other measures of attention. In addition, previous studies of attentional biases in gamblers have not directly matched type of gambler with personally-relevant gambling cues. The present study investigated the specificity of attentional biases for individual types of gambling using an eye-gaze tracking paradigm...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367002/the-worrying-mind-in-control-an-investigation-of-adaptive-working-memory-training-and-cognitive-bias-modification-in-worry-prone-individuals
#16
Maud Grol, Anne K Schwenzfeier, Johannes Stricker, Charlotte Booth, Alexander Temple-McCune, Nazanin Derakshan, Colette Hirsch, Eni Becker, Elaine Fox
Worry refers to the experience of uncontrollable negative thoughts. Cognitive models suggest that the combination of negative information processing biases along with diminished attentional control contribute to worry. In the current study we investigate whether promoting a) adaptive interpretation bias and b) efficient deployment of attentional control would influence the tendency to worry. Worry-prone individuals (n = 60) received either active cognitive bias modification for interpretation bias (CBM-I) combined with sham working memory training (WMT), adaptive WMT combined with sham CBM-I, or sham WMT combined with sham CBM-I...
April 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314502/erratum-quantitative-evaluation-of-the-clinical-efficacy-of-attention-bias-modification-treatment-for-anxiety-disorders
#17
Marian Linetzky, Lee Pergamin-Hight, Daniel S Pine, Yair Bar-Haim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304757/attentional-bias-modification-in-reducing-test-anxiety-vulnerability-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Wenpeng Cai, Yu Pan, Huangyangzi Chai, Yi Cui, Jin Yan, Wei Dong, Guanghui Deng
BACKGROUND: A tendency to selectively process a threat to positive information may be involved in the etiology of anxiety disorders. The aim of this study is to examine whether attentional bias modification (ABM) can be used to modify high test-anxiety individuals' attention to emotional information and whether this change is related to anxiety vulnerability. METHODS: Seventy-seven undergraduates were included: 28 individuals received a 5-day modified dot probe task as ABM training, 29 individuals received a 5-day classic dot probe task as placebo, and 20 individuals did not receive an intervention between the two test sections...
January 5, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258631/attention-bias-modification-augments-cognitive-behavioral-group-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Amit Lazarov, Sofi Marom, Naomi Yahalom, Daniel S Pine, Haggai Hermesh, Yair Bar-Haim
BACKGROUND: Cognitive-behavioral group therapy (CBGT) is a first-line treatment for social anxiety disorder (SAD). However, since many patients remain symptomatic post-treatment, there is a need for augmenting procedures. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) examined the potential augmentation effect of attention bias modification (ABM) for CBGT. METHODS: Fifty patients with SAD from three therapy groups were randomized to receive an 18-week standard CBGT with either ABM designed to shift attention away from threat (CBGT + ABM), or a placebo protocol not designed to modify threat-related attention (CBGT + placebo)...
December 20, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174765/attention-training-modulates-resting-state-neurophysiological-abnormalities-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#20
Amy Badura-Brack, Timothy J McDermott, Katherine M Becker, Tara J Ryan, Maya M Khanna, Daniel S Pine, Yair Bar-Haim, Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham, Tony W Wilson
Recent research indicates the relative benefits of computerized attention control treatment (ACT) and attention bias modification treatment (ABMT) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, neural changes underlying these therapeutic effects remain unknown. This study examines how these two types of attention training modulate neurological dysfunction in veterans with PTSD. A community sample of 46 combat veterans with PTSD participated in a randomized double-blinded clinical trial of ACT versus ABMT and 32 of those veterans also agreed to undergo resting-state magnetoencephalography (MEG) recordings...
January 30, 2018: Psychiatry Research
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