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Obstructive jaundice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644836/biliary-drainage-improves-the-predictive-value-of-modified-glasgow-prognostic-scores-in-inoperable-pancreatic-cancer
#1
Chikara Iino, Tadashi Shimoyama, Takasato Igarashi, Tomoyuki Aihara, Kentaro Ishii, Juichi Sakamoto, Hiroshi Tono, Shinsaku Fukuda
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of biliary drainage to cholangitis on modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS) in patients with pancreatic cancer. METHODS: mGPS was calculated before and after biliary drainage in 47 consecutive patients with inoperable pancreatic cancer who were receiving chemotherapy. Biliary drainage was indicated for malignant obstructive jaundice that prevented the administration of chemotherapy. To elucidate mGPS values, serum levels of CRP and albumin were measured at the time of diagnosis (before biliary drainage)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638943/elevated-serum-heat-shock-protein-70-and-liver-stiffness-reflect-hepatic-dysfunction-and-severity-in-postoperative-biliary-atresia
#2
Sittisak Honsawek, Wanvisa Udomsinprasert, Napaphat Jirathanathornnukul, Voranush Chongsrisawat, Yong Poovorawan
BACKGROUND: Biliary atresia (BA) is a severe chronic liver disease characterized by progressive obstructive cholangiopathy of biliary tract. Heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) is involved in protecting cells against a wide variety of stress and plays a protective role in tissue damage. The purpose of this study was to investigate serum HSP70 and liver stiffness in BA and determine the association of serum HSP70, liver stiffness, and outcome parameters in post-Kasai BA patients. METHODS: One hundred post-Kasai BA patients and 40 controls were enrolled...
June 21, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634431/the-aftermath-of-a-hepatic-artery-aneurysm-a-rare-etiology-of-biliary-obstruction
#3
Catherine Linzay, Abhishek Seth, Kunal Suryawala, Ankur Sheth, Moheb Boktor, John Bienvenu, Robby Rahim, Guillermo P Sangster, Paul A Jordan
BACKGROUND: Hepatic artery aneurysms (HAAs) constitute 14% to 20% of visceral artery aneurysms. Most HAAs are asymptomatic. Although rare, obstructive jaundice due to external bile duct compression or rupture of the HAA into the biliary tree with occlusion of the lumen from blood clots has been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 56-year-old white man presented to an outside hospital with symptoms of obstructive jaundice, including abdominal pain and yellowing of the skin...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626977/magnetic-compression-anastomosis-for-postoperative-biliary-atresia
#4
Rei Matsuura, Takehisa Ueno, Yuko Tazuke, Natsumi Tanaka, Hiroaki Yamanaka, Yuichi Takama, Kengo Nakahata, Taku Yamamichi, Noboru Maeda, Keigo Osuga, Eigoro Yamanouchi, Hiroomi Okuyama
We report a case of successful magnetic compression anastomosis (MCA) for obstructed cyst-jejunostomy in a young woman who had undergone surgery for type 1 biliary atresia (BA) on day 78 of life. A 16-year-old girl was admitted with obstructive jaundice. Jaundice resolved with percutaneous trans-hepatic cholangiodrainage (PTCD) but contrast medium injected from the PTCD tube did not flow through the anastomosis. Magnets were placed on each side of the anastomosis, in the cyst and the jejunum, to compress the partition...
June 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626373/biliary-pleural-fistula-following-portal-vein-embolization-for-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#5
Mujtaba Mohammed, Katsuhiro Kobayashi, Mohammed Jawed
Biliary-pleural fistula (BPF), an abnormal communication between the biliary tract and pleural space, is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication following percutaneous biliary intervention. We report a case of BPF following portal vein embolization (PVE) in a 79-year-old woman with obstructive jaundice secondary to perihilar cholangiocarcinoma. The patient successfully underwent right-sided PVE; however, the patient developed a symptomatic right-sided bilious pleural effusion the following day...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623706/primary-inferior-vena-cava-smooth-muscle-tumor-with-diffuse-bizarre-giant-nuclei-and-low-mitotic-rate-a-nomenclatural-conundrum
#6
Runjan Chetty, Sangeetha N Kalimuthu, Hanna-Riikka Heinonen
A male patient with obstructive jaundice was found to have an incidental nodule within the inferior vena cava (IVC), below the level of the renal vein, on abdominal imaging. At the time of the Whipple's procedure for pancreatic adenocarcinoma, the IVC mass measuring 3.4×2.7×2.2 cm was also removed. Histologically, the lesion was well circumscribed, composed focally of spindle-shaped cells with cigar-shaped nuclei reminiscent of smooth muscle and a dominant pervasive, pleomorphic, bizarre giant cell component...
June 4, 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622882/stent-migration-during-eus-guided-hepaticogastrostomy-in-a-patient-with-massive-ascites-troubleshooting-using-additional-eus-guided-antegrade-stenting
#7
Ken Kamata, Mamoru Takenaka, Kosuke Minaga, Shunsuke Omoto, Takeshi Miyata, Kentaro Yamao, Hajime Imai, Masatoshi Kudo
EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy (EUS-HGS) is useful for treating obstructive jaundice. However, stent migration may sometimes occur both during and after the procedure. This report describes a patient with pancreatic cancer and massive ascites who underwent EUS-HGS combined with EUS-guided antegrade stenting (EUS-AS), with additional EUS-AS playing a role in troubleshooting for stent migration during EUS-HGS.
June 13, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621295/efficacy-and-safety-in-case-of-technical-success-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-transhepatic-antegrade-biliary-drainage-a-report-of-a-monocentric-study
#8
Sébastien Godat, Erwan Bories, Fabrice Caillol, Christian Pesenti, Jean Philippe Ratone, Chiara de Cassan, Marc Giovannini
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided biliary drainage techniques are alternative procedures in cases of obstructive jaundice with altered anatomy or failed ERCP. Complications related to EUS-guided antegrade drainage (EUS-AD) are still present in up to 10% of cases, and combination of procedures is sometimes suggested to avoid adverse events. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of EUS-AD with transhepatic access in case of technical success...
May 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616405/endoscopic-treatment-for-distal-malignant-biliary-obstruction
#9
REVIEW
Kazuya Matsumoto, Yohei Takeda, Takumi Onoyama, Soichiro Kawata, Hiroki Kurumi, Hiroki Koda, Taro Yamashita, Hajime Isomoto
Distal malignant biliary obstruction (MBO) leads to obstructive jaundice as a result of when the bile excretion from the liver is disturbed and induces hepatic failure and sepsis, which when complicated with cholangitis, it becomes necessary to perform drainage for the MBO. For biliary drainage, we can perform a surgical bypass operation, percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD), endoscopic biliary drainage (EBD) via duodenal papilla, or endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD), which is a transgastrointestinal biliary drainage...
April 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612667/all-that-glitters-yellow-is-not-gold-presentation-and-pathophysiology-of-bile-cast-nephropathy
#10
Mitchell Pitlick, Prerna Rastogi
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) often manifests in patients with liver disease because of a prerenal cause and presents as acute tubular necrosis or hepatorenal syndrome. Distinguishing between these entities is important for prognosis and treatment. Some patients may develop AKI related to their underlying liver disease: for example, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis or IgA nephropathy. Bile cast nephropathy is an often ignored differential diagnosis of AKI in the setting of obstructive jaundice...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601317/iatrogenic-injuries-of-the-extrahepatic-biliary-system
#11
Ghodratollah Maddah, Mohammad Taghi Rajabi Mashhadi, Mehdi Parvizi Mashhadi, Mehdi Jabbari Nooghabi, Masoumeh Hassanpour, Abbas Abdollahi
BACKGROUND: Iatrogenic traumatic extrahepatic biliary tract injuries though rarely occur; they can lead to exceedingly morbid complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the management strategies and outcomes of patients presented with iatrogenic bile duct injuries. METHODS: This is a retrospective study. Over 19 y, 124 patients were managed for iatrogenic biliary injuries at our institution. The data related to the etiology of biliary tract injury, symptoms of injury, laboratory and radiologic studies, injury-to-diagnosis time, type of biliary tract injury, injury management, hospitalization time, and postoperative complications were reviewed...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596824/primary-extrahepatic-bile-duct-neuroendocrine-tumor-with-obstructive-jaundice-masquerading-as-a-klatskin-tumor
#12
Lauren Hoepfner, Jared A White
Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the extrahepatic bile duct are extremely rare and reported infrequently in the literature. These tumors are difficult to diagnose preoperatively, and the prognosis is variable, often determined by extent of disease, tumor grade and resectability. This case report presents a 45-year-old male with history of biliary obstruction relieved by endobiliary stents with common hepatic duct stricture just above the cystic duct, thought to be a Klatskin's cholangiocarcinoma. Final pathological examination was consistent with primary extrahepatic NET...
June 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588181/magnetic-resonance-cholangiopancreatography-mrcp-evaluation-of-obstructive-jaundice-in-comparison-with-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-ercp
#13
S Imam, M N Islam, N A Khan, S N Mostafa, M S Amin, S Rahman, P Akhter
This cross sectional study was carried out in the department of Radiology and Imaging in collaboration with Department of Gastroenterology of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2013 to June 2014 to evaluate the efficacy of Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and ERCP in the management of obstructive jaundice and also to determine diagnostic validity accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of MRCP in evaluation of obstructive jaundice...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586609/comparison-of-ultrasound-evaluation-of-patients-of-obstructive-jaundice-with-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangio-pancreatography-findings
#14
Syed Zea-Ul-Islam Farrukh, Arif Rasheed Siddiqui, Syed Afzal Haqqi, Asif Jan Muhammad, Abdul Samad Dheddi, Saad Khalid Khalid
OBJECTIVE: Ultrasonography has proven to be quite effective in differentiating hepatocellular from obstructive cause of jaundice in various studies. This study was conducted with the aim to determine the efficacy of ultrasonography and Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreatography (ERCP) in the diagnosis of obstructive reason of jaundice. METHODS: In this descriptive case series, 200 patients with >15 years age of either gender with cholestatic liver enzymes were included, i...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580342/a-simple-rat-model-of-in-situ-reversible-obstructive-jaundice-in-situ-reversible-obstructive-jaundice-model
#15
Xin Huang, Chong-Hui Li, Ai-Qun Zhang, Zhe Kong, Wan-Qing Gu, Jia-Hong Dong
PURPOSE: To develop a simple and reliable rat model of in situ reversible obstructive jaundice with low morbidity and mortality rates. METHODS: Rats were divided into 4 groups with 8 rats each: the sham-operated (SH) group only underwent laparotomy, the control internal drainage (ID-C) group underwent choledochoduodenostomy, the new internal drainage (ID-N) group and the long-term internal drainage (ID-L) group underwent choledochocholedochostomy. Common bile duct ligation was performed in all the drainage groups 7 days before reversal procedures...
June 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573227/effects-of-salvia-miltiorrhizae-on-the-kidney-of-rats-with-severe-acute-pancreatitis-and-obstrutive-jaundice
#16
Ren Guibing, Zhang Xiping, Ding Xiaowen, Zou Dehong, Yang Hongjiang, Meng Xiaoru, Mo Wenju, He Xiangming, Zhao Shuai
BACKGROUND: Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and obstructive jaundice (OJ) are frequent recurring diseases that bring about huge threat to human health. Some reports have demonstrated that Salviae miltiorrhizae can protect multiple organs of SAP and OJ model animals or patients, but their related mechanisms were not clear. In this study, we observed the effects of Salvia miltiorrhizae injection on apoptosis and NF-κB expression in kidney and explored the protective effect and mechanism of Salvia miltiorrhizae on the kidney of SAP or OJ rats...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567118/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-hepaticogastrostomy-versus-percutaneous-transhepatic-drainage-for-malignant-biliary-obstruction-after-failed-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-a-retrospective-expertise-based-study-from-two-centers
#17
Adrien Sportes, Marine Camus, Michel Greget, Sarah Leblanc, Romain Coriat, Jürgen Hochberger, Stanislas Chaussade, Sophie Grabar, Frédéric Prat
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) is widely performed as a salvage procedure in patients with unresectable malignant obstruction of the common bile duct (CBD) after failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) or in case of surgically altered anatomy. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided hepaticogastrostomy (EU-HGS) is a more recently introduced alternative to relieve malignant obstructive jaundice. The aim of this prospective observational study was to compare the outcome, efficacy and adverse events of EU-HGS and PTBD...
June 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551667/duration-of-preoperative-biliary-drainage-as-a-prognostic-factor-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-pancreatic-head-cancer
#18
Michinori Matsumoto, Yukio Nakabayashi, Yuki Fujiwara, Naotake Funamizu, Rota Noaki, Seiichiro Eto, Hiroshi Sugano, Masahiko Otsuka, Katsuhiko Yanaga
BACKGROUND/AIM: Preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) is often performed for jaundiced patients. However, the optimal duration of PBD remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether duration of PBD influenced the prognosis of patients after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for pancreatic head cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients who underwent PD for pancreatic head cancer with obstructive jaundice between 2007 and 2013 were included. Tumor and host factors were analyzed to evaluate their potential prognostic effects and patients' characteristics between the two groups according to the duration of PBD were analyzed...
June 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540637/importance-of-human-peritoneal-mesothelial-cells-in-the-progression-fibrosis-and-control-of-gastric-cancer-inhibition-of-growth-and-fibrosis-by-tranilast
#19
Hiroto Saito, Sachio Fushida, Shinichi Harada, Tomoharu Miyashita, Katsunobu Oyama, Takahisa Yamaguchi, Tomoya Tsukada, Jun Kinoshita, Hidehiro Tajima, Itasu Ninomiya, Tetsuo Ohta
BACKGROUND: Scirrhous gastric cancer is an intractable disease with a high incidence of peritoneal dissemination and obstructive symptoms (e.g., ileus, jaundice, and hydronephrosis) arising from accompanying marked fibrosis. Microenvironmental interactions between cancer cells and cancer-associated fibroblasts are the suggested cause of the disease. We elucidated the mechanisms of tumor growth and fibrosis using human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) and investigated the effects of tranilast treatment on cells and a xenograft mouse model of fibrosis...
May 24, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540052/a-unique-case-of-massive-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#20
Akihiko Kida, Koichiro Matsuda, Mitsuru Matsuda, Akito Sakai, Yatsugi Noda
OBJECTIVES: Lipomas are the second most common benign tumors of the small bowel, and most lipomas are asymptomatic. However, lipomas with diameters of >20 mm tend to be symptomatic, for example, to cause bleeding, obstructive jaundice, abdominal pain, intestinal obstruction, intussusception, and/or perforation. METHODS/RESULTS: We report a case of massive gastrointestinal bleeding from a jejunal lipoma combined with intussusception. A preoperative diagnosis of gastrointestinal bleeding derived from a jejunal lipoma combined with intussusception was made based on double-balloon enteroscopy and contrast-enhanced computed tomography, and partial resection of the small intestine was performed...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
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