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Obstructive jaundice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916350/murine-model-of-long-term-obstructive-jaundice
#1
Hiroaki Aoki, Masayo Aoki, Jing Yang, Eriko Katsuta, Partha Mukhopadhyay, Rajesh Ramanathan, Ingrid A Woelfel, Xuan Wang, Sarah Spiegel, Huiping Zhou, Kazuaki Takabe
BACKGROUND: With the recent emergence of conjugated bile acids as signaling molecules in cancer, a murine model of obstructive jaundice by cholestasis with long-term survival is in need. Here, we investigated the characteristics of three murine models of obstructive jaundice. METHODS: C57BL/6J mice were used for total ligation of the common bile duct (tCL), partial common bile duct ligation (pCL), and ligation of left and median hepatic bile duct with gallbladder removal (LMHL) models...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912795/follicular-thyroid-carcinoma-presenting-as-solitary-liver-metastasis-a-case-report
#2
Azhar J Battoo, Zubaida Rasool, Zahoor A Sheikh, Altaf G Haji
BACKGROUND: Distant metastasis from differentiated thyroid carcinoma at presentation is rare and isolated liver metastasis on presentation is almost unknown. We report a case of primary follicular carcinoma of the thyroid with isolated liver metastasis at presentation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old man of Kashmiri origin presented to our tertiary referral center with obstructive jaundice; he was evaluated with magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and positron emission tomography-computed tomography...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909644/primary-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-pancreas-as-a-cause-of-biliary-obstruction
#3
Kyle Rowe, Jeet Mehta, Fredy Nehme, William Salyers
Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the pancreas (SCCP) is a rare neoplasm, given a lack of naturally occurring squamous cells within the pancreas, accounting for only 0.2% of all pancreatic cancers. The etiology is unknown. Symptomatology is non-specific and similar to other pancreatic neoplasms. No non-invasive testing can adequately rule in SCCP, and workup should proceed similarly to any pancreatic mass. Tissue sampling is required for diagnosis and guidance of further management, most commonly by endoscopic ultrasound with fine needle aspirate...
October 31, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906105/pancreatic-metastases-from-ocular-malignant-melanoma-the-use-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-to-establish-a-definitive-cytologic-diagnosis-a-case-report
#4
Diogo Turiani Hourneaux De Moura, Danielle Azevedo Chacon, Ryan Tanigawa, Martin Coronel, Spencer Cheng, Éverson L A Artifon, José Jukemura, Eduardo Guimarães Hourneaux De Moura
BACKGROUND: When encountering solid pancreatic lesions, nonpancreatic primary metastases are rare and differentiating a metastasis from a primary neoplastic lesion is challenging. The clinical presentation and radiologic features can be similar and the possibility of a pancreatic metastasis should be considered when the patient refers to a history of a different primary cancer. Endoscopic ultrasound offers a key anatomical advantage in accessing the pancreas and endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration has become the gold standard method for diagnosing pancreatic lesions...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906097/a-10-year-old-child-presenting-with-syndromic-paucity-of-bile-ducts-alagille-syndrome-a-case-report
#5
Girish Kumar Pati, Ayaskanta Singh, Preetam Nath, Jimmy Narayan, Pradeep Kumar Padhi, Prasanta Kumar Parida, Kaumudee Pattnaik, Chittaranjan Panda, Shivaram Prasad Singh
BACKGROUND: Alagille syndrome, a rare genetic disorder with autosomal dominant transmission, manifests with five major features: paucity of interlobular bile ducts, characteristic facies, posterior embryotoxon, vertebral defects, and peripheral pulmonary stenosis. Globally, only 500 cases have so far been reported, with only five cases reported in the Indian subcontinent. Rarely, Alagille syndrome also presents with skin manifestations and early-onset chronic liver disease, which was found in our case...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905370/-surgical-management-of-chronic-pancreatitis-complicated-by-biliary-and-duodenal-obstruction
#6
G M Barvanyan
AIM: To compare different surgical approaches to chronic pancreatitis complicated by biliary and duodenal obstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the study (n=42) and control (n=36) groups 18 and 4 resections were performed respectively (p=0.004). Early postoperative complications occurred in 15 cases of the study group and 4 cases of the control group (p=0.024). 7 and 1 re-operations were made in both groups respectively (p=0.99). There was no postoperative mortality in both groups...
2016: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904860/interventional-therapy-for-pancreatic-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Jianwei Zhu, Zhendong Jin
BACKGROUND: Palliative therapy and primarily chemoradiotherapy are the mainstream treatments in patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer (PC). Conventional endoscopy and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided interventional therapy has emerged as an important procedure for PC management. In this review, the progress in conventional endoscopy and EUS for PC management is discussed. SUMMARY: For local palliative therapy against PC, EUS-guided fine needle injection (FNI) could deliver different kinds of agents, such as radioactive seeds and fiducials...
October 2016: Gastrointestinal Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904249/benign-biliary-strictures
#8
REVIEW
Ashley Altman, Steven M Zangan
Differentiating benign and malignant biliary strictures is a challenging and important clinical scenario. The typical presentation is indolent and involves elevation of liver enzymes, constitutional symptoms, and obstructive jaundice with or without superimposed or recurrent cholangitis. While overall the most common causes of biliary strictures are malignant, including cholangiocarcinoma and pancreatic adenocarcinoma, benign strictures encompass a wide spectrum of etiologies including iatrogenic, autoimmune, infectious, inflammatory, and congenital...
December 2016: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904243/a-systematic-approach-to-patients-with-jaundice
#9
REVIEW
Bilal Gondal, Andrew Aronsohn
Jaundice is a clinical manifestation of disorders of underlying bilirubin metabolism, hepatocellular dysfunction, or biliary obstruction. As clinical presentations of yellowing of eyes or skin can be somewhat nonspecific for the underlying etiology of disease, a stepwise approach to evaluation is necessary for accurate diagnosis and effective treatment plan. In this review, we discuss underlying mechanisms of cholestasis and jaundice as well as laboratory and imaging modalities needed to evaluate a patient presenting with hyperbilirubinemia...
December 2016: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902955/extrahepatic-biliary-obstrution-secondary-to-neuroendocrine-tumor-of-the-common-hepatic-duct
#10
Faraz A Khan, Anastasia Stevens-Chase, Rahman Chaudhry, Asra Hashmi, David Edelman, Donald Weaver
INTRODUCTION: Primary neuroendocrine tumors (NET) of the extrahepatic biliary tree are a rare entity with less than 100 reported cases in the literature. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Here, we report a case of NET of the extrahepatic bile duct in a 64-year-old male patient presenting with painless jaundice, direct hyperbilirubinemia, and mildly elevated transaminases. Diagnostic workup with an ultrasound revealed dilation of the intrahepatic biliary ducts, without cholelithiasis or choledocholithiasis...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895774/a-case-of-distal-extrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-with-two-positive-resection-margins
#11
Wayne A Warner, Wesley Ramcharan, Dave Harnanan, Srikanth Umakanthan, Ravi Maharaj
Cholangiocarcinoma is an uncommon primary malignancy of the biliary tract that is challenging to diagnose and treat effectively due to its relatively silent and late clinical presentation. The present study reports a case of a 60-year-old male with distal extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma with a 3-week history of painless obstructive jaundice symptoms and subjective weight loss. Imaging revealed an obstructing lesion in the common bile duct, just distal to the entrance of the cystic duct. Pathology revealed moderately differentiated cholangiocarcinoma with two positive proximal resection margins...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891286/spontaneous-intramural-duodenal-hematoma-pancreatitis-obstructive-jaundice-and-upper-intestinal-obstruction
#12
Chalerm Eurboonyanun, Kulyada Somsap, Somchai Ruangwannasak, Anan Sripanaskul
Nontraumatic intramural duodenal hematoma can cause upper gastrointestinal tract obstruction, upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, jaundice, and pancreatitis and may be present in patients with normal coagulation. However the pathogenesis of the condition and its relationship with acute pancreatitis remain unknown. We present a case of spontaneous intramural duodenal hematoma and a case of successful nonoperative treatments.
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888490/large-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-common-bile-duct-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-literature
#13
Makoto Murakami, Kanji Katayama, Shigeru Kato, Daisuke Fujimoto, Mitsuhiro Morikawa, Kenji Koneri, Yasuo Hirono, Takanori Goi
BACKGROUND: Large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) of the bile duct is extremely rare and is a high-grade type of neuroendocrine tumor with an aggressive clinical course. Here, we report a case of LCNEC of the extrahepatic bile duct. CASE PRESENTATION: An 80-year-old man presented with severe jaundice. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography and enhanced computed tomography revealed complete obstruction of the common bile duct (CBD) by a dense tumor measuring 1...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882019/plasma-bnp-level-combined-with-surgical-apgar-score-to-predict-operative-major-cardiac-adverse-events-in-malignant-obstructive-jaundice-patients
#14
Wei Yu, Changshan Huang, Qian Wang, Erjiang Zhao, Yuechao Ding, Tao Huang, Chao Ma, Bo Meng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictive effect of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in malignant obstructive jaundice (OJ) patients using plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level and surgical Apgar scoring (SAS) system. METHODS: Forty one malignant OJ patients undergoing surgical treatments were studied at a single center. Pre-and postoperative plasma BNP level, total bilirubin (TBil) and data of cardiac function (HR, CVP, CI, LVEF%) were detected, the SAS was calculated during the surgery, the relationship of both plasma BNP level and SAS with MACE after surgery was analyzed...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874286/identification-of-bile-survivin-and-carbohydrate-antigen-199-in-distinguishing-cholangiocarcinoma-from-benign-obstructive-jaundice
#15
Yanfeng Liu, Jingxian Sun, Qiangbo Zhang, Bin Jin, Min Zhu, Zongli Zhang
AIM: To investigate whether bile survivin and carbohydrate antigen 199 (CA199) can be helpful in distinguishing cholangiocarcinoma (malignant obstructive jaundice) from benign obstructive jaundice. METHODS: Receiver operating characteristic curve was used to evaluate the feasibility of bile survivin and CA199 in differentiating cholangiocarcinoma from benign obstructive jaundice. RESULTS: The area under the curve for survivin and CA199 in bile and serum were 0...
November 22, 2016: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866532/-evaluation-of-disease-free-survival-after-radical-resection-for-primary-duodenal-adenocarcinoma
#16
Q L Jiang, X H Huang, J W Zhang, S S Zhang, C F Wang
Objective: To investigate the risk factors associated with the disease free survival (DFS) for primary duodenal adenocarcinoma patients undergoing radical resection. Methods: The clinicopathological data of 101 primary duodenal adenocarcinoma patients who underwent radical resection from January 2001 to October 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Using SPSS 13.0 software, the survival curve was drawn by Kaplan-Meier method, and the survival rates were analyzed by Log-rank test.COX regression model was used to identify independent risk factors...
November 15, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865285/palliative-care-for-pancreatic-and-periampullary-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Jennifer A Perone, Taylor S Riall, Kelly Olino
Most patients with pancreatic cancer will present with metastatic or locally advanced disease. Unfortunately, most patients with localized disease will experience recurrence even after multimodality therapy. As such, pancreatic cancer patients arrive at a common endpoint where decisions pertaining to palliative care come to the forefront. This article summarizes surgical, endoscopic, and other palliative techniques for relief of obstructive jaundice, relief of duodenal or gastric outlet obstruction, and relief of pain due to invasion of the celiac plexus...
December 2016: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851373/1738-pancreatic-infiltration-and-obstructive-jaundice-a-very-rare-presentation-of-b-cell-all
#18
Nekaiya Jacobs, Ravi Shankar Samraj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824020/the-role-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-in-a-case-of-lung-cancer-with-jaundice
#19
Fernando M Castro-Pocas, TarcIsio P Araüjo, Maria L Ferreira, Miguel M Saraiva
Lung cancer is one of the major causes of death in the world. Small cell carcinoma is the most aggressive type and can spread rapidly. The association of a small cell carcinoma with hepatic hilar metastasis and biliary obstruction is rare. Endoscopic ultrasound allows the aspiration of a cytology sample from adenopathies for diagnostic purpose. We present the case of a patient with lung cancer, with lymph node metastasis to the hepatic hilum and extrinsic biliary tree compression. Endoscopic ultrasound allowed the definitive diagnosis of hepatic hilar metastasis of a lung small cell carcinoma...
November 8, 2016: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822957/duodenal-stump-recurrence-of-gastric-adenocarcinoma-after-subtotal-gastrectomy
#20
Armando Peixoto, João Santos-Antunes, Marco Silva, Guilherme Macedo
The authors present the case of a 71-year-old man with a history of a Billroth-II subtotal gastrectomy due to a mixed adenocarcinoma, stage pT4aN3aM0 (TNM classification), with adjuvant chemotherapy. Subsequent endoscopic and imaging evaluations revealed no signs of recurrence. Five years later, the patient was admitted with obstructive jaundice.
November 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
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