keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Biomedical hiv prevention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906028/re-focusing-hiv-prevention-messages-a-qualitative-study-in-rural-uganda
#1
Sanyukta Mathur, Dina Romo, Mariko Rasmussen, Neema Nakyanjo, Fred Nalugoda, John S Santelli
BACKGROUND: After 30 years, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) remains an epidemic of global concern. To support the increasing emphasis on biomedical interventions for prevention requires a renewed and reframed focus on HIV prevention messages to motivate engagement in risk-reduction activities. This paper examines youth and adult perceptions of HIV prevention messages and HIV risk assessment in a generalized HIV epidemic context in Uganda. METHODS: We conducted 24 focus group discussions and 24 in-depth interviews with 15-45 year olds (n = 218) from three communities in the Rakai district of Uganda in 2012...
November 11, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905986/predictors-of-perceived-male-partner-concurrency-among-women-at-risk-for-hiv-and-sti-acquisition-in-durban-south-africa
#2
Zakir Gaffoor, Handan Wand, Renée A Street, Nathlee Abbai, Gita Ramjee
BACKGROUND: Women in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be at greater risk for HIV acquisition than men. Concurrency, viz. multiple sexual partnerships that overlap over time, has been studied as a possible risk factor for HIV transmission. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of perceived male partner concurrency among sexually active, HIV negative women. METHODS: Socio-demographic and behavioural data from women enrolled in a biomedical HIV prevention clinical trial were assessed in relation to perceived male partner concurrency using the Chi squared test...
March 8, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883309/likely-impact-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-on-hiv-epidemics-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#3
Iryna B Zablotska
Rapid developments in the field of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with antiretrovirals offer a promise to bring HIV transmission among gay and other men who have sex with men (MSM) to zero by 2030. This review evaluates studies, which modelled the impact of PrEP on HIV diagnoses, and discusses the progress towards PrEP implementation. Studies in English, conducted after 2010 among MSM in countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) were reviewed. Six modelling studies were included, three of which had been conducted outside the US...
November 25, 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872326/pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-europe-review-of-evidence-for-a-much-needed-prevention-tool
#4
REVIEW
Thijs Reyniers, Elske Hoornenborg, Bea Vuylsteke, Kristien Wouters, Marie Laga
In many Western countries with good coverage of antiretroviral treatment (ART) programmes the annual number of HIV infections is still high and not (yet) declining among men who have sex with men (MSM). This might indicate that antiretroviral treatment roll-out alone will not turn around the course of the epidemic and that new, additional tools are needed. Antiretrovirals used as prevention tools for people not yet infected with HIV, such as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) could be such important additional tools...
November 21, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857775/re-focusing-hiv-prevention-messages-a-qualitative-study-in-rural-uganda
#5
Sanyukta Mathur, Dina Romo, Mariko Rasmussen, Neema Nakyanjo, Fred Nalugoda, John S Santelli
BACKGROUND: After 30 years, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) remains an epidemic of global concern. To support the increasing emphasis on biomedical interventions for prevention requires a renewed and reframed focus on HIV prevention messages to motivate engagement in risk-reduction activities. This paper examines youth and adult perceptions of HIV prevention messages and HIV risk assessment in a generalized HIV epidemic context in Uganda. METHODS: We conducted 24 focus group discussions and 24 in-depth interviews with 15-45 year olds (n = 218) from three communities in the Rakai district of Uganda in 2012...
2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851715/brief-report-high-hiv-incidence-in-a-south-african-community-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-results-from-the-mpumalanga-men-s-study-2012-2015
#6
Tim Lane, Thomas Osmand, Alexander Marr, Helen Struthers, James A McIntyre, Starley B Shade
Cross-sectional studies among African men who have sex with men (MSM) populations demonstrate high HIV prevalence, but few incidence estimates exist. The Mpumalanga Men's Study in Gert Sibande, Mpumalanga province, South Africa, involved 3 serial cross-sectional surveys of MSM recruited through respondent-driven sampling between 2012 and 2015. Successive surveys recaptured a nested cohort of 179, contributing 144.3 person-years (PY) of observation. We observed 18 seroconversions, or incidence of 12.5/100 (PY) (95% confidence interval CI: 8...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848950/the-rectal-mucosa-and-condomless-receptive-anal-intercourse-in-hiv-negative-msm-implications-for-hiv-transmission-and-prevention
#7
C F Kelley, C S Kraft, T Jb de Man, C Duphare, H-W Lee, J Yang, K A Easley, G K Tharp, M J Mulligan, P S Sullivan, S E Bosinger, R R Amara
Most HIV transmissions among men who have sex with men (MSM), the group that accounted for 67% of new US infections in 2014, occur via exposure to the rectal mucosa. However, it is unclear how the act of condomless receptive anal intercourse (CRAI) may alter the mucosal immune environment in HIV-negative MSM. Here, we performed a comprehensive characterization of the rectal mucosal immune environment for the phenotype and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines by CD4 and CD8 T cells, global transcriptomic analyses, and the composition of microbiota in HIV-negative MSM...
November 16, 2016: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832389/efficacy-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-sexually-transmitted-infection-prevention-interventions-targeting-female-entertainment-workers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Raymond Boon Tar Lim, Dede Kam Tyng Tham, Olive N Y Cheung, Mee Lian Wong
Female entertainment workers (FEWs) working in karaoke lounges, bars, pubs, nightclubs, discotheques, dance halls, massage parlours, restaurants (as hostesses or singers) and beer gardens are at high risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted infection (STI). The aim of the systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the efficacy of HIV/STI intervention programmes targeting FEWs. Among the 14 included studies, majority were in Asia and targeted native FEWs. Most studies were quasi-experimental and the overall quality was relatively low...
November 10, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828875/antiretroviral-drug-use-in-a-cross-sectional-population-survey-in-africa-nimh-project-accept-hptn-043
#9
Jessica M Fogel, William Clarke, Michal Kulich, Estelle Piwowar-Manning, Autumn Breaud, Matthew T Olson, Mark A Marzinke, Oliver Laeyendecker, Agnès Fiamma, Deborah Donnell, Jessie K K Mbwambo, Linda Richter, Glenda Gray, Michael Sweat, Thomas J Coates, Susan H Eshleman
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral (ARV) drug treatment benefits the treated individual and can prevent HIV transmission. We assessed ARV drug use in a community-randomized trial that evaluated the impact of behavioral interventions on HIV incidence. METHODS: Samples were collected in a cross-sectional survey after a 3-year intervention period. ARV drug testing was performed using samples from HIV-infected adults at four study sites (Zimbabwe; Tanzania; KwaZulu-Natal and Soweto, South Africa; survey period 2009-2011), using an assay that detects 20 ARV drugs (6 nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors [NRTIs]; 3 non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors [NNRTIs]; 9 protease inhibitors; maraviroc; raltegravir)...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794092/biomedical-technologies-for-the-prevention-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-hiv-for-adolescent-girls-and-young-women
#10
EDITORIAL
Manjulaa Narasimhan, Sten H Vermund, Gina Ogilvie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787344/unpacking-the-influence-of-sexual-stigma-on-hiv-risk-results-from-a-prospective-study-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-beijing-china
#11
Kyung-Hee Choi, Wayne T Steward, Pierre Miège, Steven E Gregorich
OBJECTIVE: We examined the mediating roles of coping, depression, anxiety, and encountering difficult sexual situations in explaining the association between stigma against men who have sex with men (MSM) and HIV risk. METHODS: We conducted path analyses using longitudinal data collected from 493 Chinese MSM in Beijing at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months from 2011 to 2013. RESULTS: MSM stigma, specifically anticipations of stigma, had a marginally significant, protective total effect on unprotected anal intercourse at 12 months...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774350/the-art-of-hiv-elimination-past-and-present-science
#12
Collins C Iwuji, Nuala McGrath, Tulio de Oliveira, Kholoud Porter, Deenan Pillay, Martin Fisher, Melanie Newport, Marie-Louise Newell
INTRODUCTION: Remarkable strides have been made in controlling the HIV epidemic, although not enough to achieve epidemic control. More recently, interest in biomedical HIV control approaches has increased, but substantial challenges with the HIV cascade of care hinder successful implementation. We summarise all available HIV prevention methods and make recommendations on how to address current challenges. DISCUSSION: In the early days of the epidemic, behavioural approaches to control the HIV dominated, and the few available evidence-based interventions demonstrated to reduce HIV transmission were applied independently from one another...
November 30, 2015: Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770775/hiv-risk-perception-and-testing-behaviours-among-men-having-sex-with-men-msm-reporting-potential-transmission-risks-in-the-previous-12%C3%A2-months-from-a-large-online-sample-of-msm-living-in-germany
#13
Ulrich Marcus, Martyna Gassowski, Jochen Drewes
BACKGROUND: HIV testing and serostatus awareness are essential to implement biomedical strategies (treatment as prevention; oral chemoprophylaxis), and for effective serostatus-based behaviours (HIV serosorting; strategic positioning). The analysis focuses on the associations between reported sexual risks, the perceived risk for HIV infection, and HIV testing behaviour in order to identify the most relevant barriers for HIV test uptake among MSM living in Germany. METHODS: MSM were recruited to a nationwide anonymous online-survey in 2013 on MSM social networking/dating sites...
October 22, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760684/preventing-hiv-among-adolescents-with-oral-prep-observations-and-challenges-in-the-united-states-and-south-africa
#14
Sybil Hosek, Connie Celum, Craig M Wilson, Bill Kapogiannis, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Linda-Gail Bekker
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents and young adults aged <25 are a key population in the HIV epidemic, with very high HIV incidence rates in many geographic settings and a large number who have limited access to prevention services. Thus, any biomedical HIV prevention approach should prepare licensure and implementation strategies for young populations. Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is the first antiretroviral-based prevention intervention with proven efficacy across many settings and populations, and regulatory and policy approvals at global and national levels are occurring rapidly...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760683/the-future-of-prep-among-transgender-women-the-critical-role-of-gender-affirmation-in-research-and-clinical-practices
#15
Jae M Sevelius, Madeline B Deutsch, Robert Grant
INTRODUCTION: Globally, transgender ("trans") women are one of the key populations most disproportionately impacted by HIV. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is the newest and most promising biomedical HIV prevention intervention to date. This paper reviews relevant literature to describe the current state of the science and describes the potential role of PrEP among trans women, including a discussion of unique considerations for maximizing the impact of PrEP for this vulnerable population...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749110/reactions-and-receptivity-to-framing-hiv-prevention-message-concepts-about-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-black-and-latino-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-three-urban-us-cities
#16
Matthew J Mimiaga, Elizabeth F Closson, Shanice Battle, Jeffrey H Herbst, Damian Denson, Nicole Pitts, Jeremy Holman, Stewart Landers, Gordon Mansergh
Men who have sex with men (MSM) of color are disproportionately affected by HIV in the United States. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) using antiretroviral medications is a newer biomedical prevention modality with established efficacy for reducing the risk of acquiring HIV. We conducted formative qualitative research to explore audience reactions and receptivity to message concepts on PrEP as part of the development of prevention messages to promote PrEP awareness among black and Latino MSM in the United States...
October 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747258/using-cognitive-interviews-to-enhance-measurement-in-empirical-bioethics-developing-a-measure-of-the-preventive-misconception-in-biomedical-hiv-prevention-trials
#17
Jeremy Sugarman, Damon M Seils, J Kemp Watson-Ormond, Kevin P Weinfurt
BACKGROUND: We describe our use of cognitive interviews in developing a measure of "preventive misconception" to demonstrate the importance of this approach to researchers developing surveys in empirical bioethics. The preventive misconception involves research participants' false beliefs about a prevention trial, including beliefs that the interventions being tested will certainly be effective. METHODS: We developed and refined a measure of the preventive misconception using qualitative interviews that focused on cognitive testing of proposed survey items with HIV prevention trial participants...
2016: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710082/what-community-based-hiv-prevention-organizations-say-about-their-role-in-biomedical-hiv-prevention
#18
Dawn K Smith, Emily Maier, Joshua Betts, Simone Gray, Brian Kolodziejski, Karen W Hoover
Community-based organizations (CBOs) are critical to delivery of effective HIV prevention because of their reach to key populations. This online survey of a national sample of CBOs assessed their awareness of, interest in, and resources needed to provide nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis (nPEP), preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and HIV treatment as prevention (TasP). One hundred seventy-five CBOs participated: 87 clinical and 88 nonclinical CBOs. For nPEP, PrEP, and TasP, program managers reported that awareness was high (94%, 90%, 85%), meeting current client need was low (20%, 13%, 18%), and the likelihood of increasing their current provision with additional resources was somewhat high (62%, 64%, 62%)...
October 2016: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703837/new-biomedical-technologies-and-strategies-for-prevention-of-hiv-and-other-sexually-transmitted-infections
#19
Bonaventura C T Mpondo
Sexually transmitted infections remain to be of public health concern in many developing countries. Their control is important, considering the high incidence of acute infections, complications and sequelae, and their socioeconomic impact. This article discusses the new biomedical technologies and strategies for the prevention of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.
2016: Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702430/prevention-literacy-community-based-advocacy-for-access-and-ownership-of-the-hiv-prevention-toolkit
#20
Richard G Parker, Amaya Perez-Brumer, Jonathan Garcia, Kelly Gavigan, Ana Ramirez, Jack Milnor, Veriano Terto
INTRODUCTION: Critical technological advances have yielded a toolkit of HIV prevention strategies. This literature review sought to provide contextual and historical reflection needed to bridge the conceptual gap between clinical efficacy and community effectiveness (i.e. knowledge and usage) of existing HIV prevention options, especially in resource-poor settings. METHODS: Between January 2015 and October 2015, we reviewed scholarly and grey literatures to define treatment literacy and health literacy and assess the current need for literacy related to HIV prevention...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
keyword
keyword
56858
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"