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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351609/inequity-in-contraceptive-care-between-refugees-and-other-migrant-women-a-retrospective-study-in-dutch-general-practice
#1
Liselotte A D Raben, Maria E T C van den Muijsenbergh
Background: Female refugees are at high risk of reproductive health problems including unmet contraceptive needs. In the Netherlands, the general practitioner (GP) is the main entrance to the healthcare system and plays a vital role in the prescription of contraceptives. Little is known about contraceptive care in female refugees in primary care. Objective: To get insight into GP care related to contraception in refugees and other migrants compared with native Dutch women...
January 17, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349220/adult-mortality-in-sub-saharan-africa-zambia-where-do-adults-die
#2
Vesper H Chisumpa, Clifford O Odimegwu, Nicole De Wet
Place of death remains an issue of growing interest and debate among scholars as an indicator of quality of end-of-life care in developed countries. In sub-Saharan Africa, however, variations in place of death may suggest inequalities in access to and the utilization of health care services that should be addressed by public health interventions. Limited research exists on factors associated with place of death in sub-Saharan Africa. The study examines factors associated with the place of death among Zambian adults aged 15-59 years using the 2010-2012 sample vital registration with verbal autopsy survey (SAVVY) data, descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression analysis...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348995/mental-health-assessment-in-health-checks-of-participants-aged-30-49%C3%A2-years-a-large-scale-cohort-study
#3
Christine Geyti, Helle Terkildsen Maindal, Else-Marie Dalsgaard, Kaj Sparle Christensen, Annelli Sandbæk
Mental distress is an independent risk factor for illness related impairment. Awareness of mental health (MH) allows prevention, but early detection is not routinely performed in primary care. This cohort study incorporated MH assessment in a health promoting programme. We described the level of poor MH among health check participants, explored the potential for early intervention, and the potential for reducing social inequality in MH. The study was based on 9767 randomly selected citizens aged 30-49 years invited to a health check in Denmark in 2012-14...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346375/how-do-we-reach-the-girls-and-women-who-are-the-hardest-to-reach-inequitable-opportunities-in-reproductive-and-maternal-health-care-services-in-armed-conflict-and-forced-displacement-settings-in-colombia
#4
Juan Carlos Rivillas, Raul Devia Rodriguez, Gloria Song, Andréanne Martel
OBJECTIVES: This paper assesses inequalities in access to reproductive and maternal health services among females affected by forced displacement and sexual and gender-based violence in conflict settings in Colombia. This was accomplished through the following approaches: first, we assessed the gaps and gradients in three selected reproductive and maternal health care services. Second, we analyzed the patterns of inequalities in reproductive and maternal health care services and changes over time...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345995/the-effects-of-household-medical-expenditures-on-income-inequality-in-the-united-states
#5
Andrea S Christopher, David U Himmelstein, Steffie Woolhandler, Danny McCormick
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of households' outlays for medical expenditures on income inequality and changes since the implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). METHODS: We analyzed data from the US Current Population Surveys for calendar years 2010 through 2014. We calculated the Gini index of income inequality before and after subtracting households' medical outlays (including insurance premiums and out-of-pocket costs) from income, the financial burden of medical outlays for each income decile, and the number of individuals pushed below poverty by medical outlays...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344977/there-is-no-place-like-home-imitation-and-the-politics-of-recognition-in-bolivian-obstetric-care
#6
Gabriela Elisa Morales
This article examines how efforts to "culturally adapt" birthing spaces in a rural Bolivian hospital are generating debates among doctors about what constitutes proper obstetric care. Working at the intersection of national and transnational projects, NGOs in Bolivia have remade the birthing rooms of some public health institutions to look more like a home, with the goal of making indigenous women feel more comfortable and encouraging them to come to the clinic to give birth. Yet narratives of transformation also obscure ongoing conditions of racial and gendered inequality in health services...
January 17, 2018: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343991/trends-and-inequities-in-use-of-maternal-health-care-services-in-indonesia-1986-2012
#7
Herfina Y Nababan, Md Hasan, Tiara Marthias, Rolina Dhital, Aminur Rahman, Iqbal Anwar
Purpose: Overall health status indicators have improved significantly over the past three decades in Indonesia. However, the country's maternal mortality ratio remains high with a stark inequality by region. Fewer studies have explored access inequity in maternal health care service over time using multiple inequality markers. In this study, we analyzed Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data to explore trends and inequities in use of any antenatal care (ANC), four or more ANC (ANC4+), institutional birth, and cesarean section (c-section) birth in Indonesia during 1986-2012 to inform policy for future strategies ending preventable maternal deaths...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340517/-indigenous-peoples-hiv-and-public-policy-in-latin-america-an-exploration-of-the-current-situations-of-epidemiological-prevalence-prevention-care-and-timely-treatment
#8
Patricia Ponce, Rubén Muñoz, Matías Stival
This article aims to describe and analyze the situations of epidemiological prevalence, prevention, care and treatment of HIV in indigenous populations of Latin America. In order to do so, 304 published materials - including declarations, public policy and health program protocols, case studies and literature reviews with local, national and regional scopes - were identified, classified and analyzed. The differential social vulnerability to HIV infection and the inequity in health care access among indigenous populations can be attributed to the juxtaposition of factors such as structural violence, gender, racism, and discrimination due health condition (living with HIV) as well as the subordinated position of indigenous peoples in societies stratified not only socially and economically but also ethnically and culturally...
July 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340514/racial-i-nter-dentification-the-racialization-of-maternal-health-through-the-oportunidades-program-and-in-government-clinics-in-m%C3%A3-xico
#9
Rosalynn Adeline Vega
Using an ethnographic approach, this article examines the role of racialization in health-disease-care processes specifically within the realm of maternal health. It considers the experiences of health care administrators and providers, indigenous midwives and mothers, and recipients of conditional cash transfers through the Oportunidades program in Mexico. By detailing the delivery of trainings of the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) [Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social] for indigenous midwives and Oportunidades workshops to indigenous stipend recipients, the article critiques the deployment of "interculturality" in ways that inadvertently re-inscribe inequality...
July 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340509/uncovering-a-tragic-flaw-in-revolutionary-health-policies-from-health-and-communicative-inequities-to-communicative-justice-in-health
#10
Charles L Briggs
This article analyzes a contradiction facing efforts by left-leaning governments in Latin America to transform health into a fundamental social right. Policies and practices that confront health inequities generally fail to address health/communicative inequities, hierarchical distributions of rights to shape what counts as legitimate knowledge of health. This ethnographic analysis focuses on an epidemic of a mysterious disease - identified clinically as bat-transmitted rabies - in the Delta Amacuro rainforest of Venezuela in 2007-2008, tracing how parents who lost 1-3 children faced acute health/communicative inequities in clinical settings, epidemiological investigations, work with healers, news coverage, health policy, and health communication...
July 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338894/lgbt-populations-barriers-to-cancer-care
#11
REVIEW
Ulrike Boehmer
OBJECTIVE: To describe lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals' barriers to accessing and receiving quality cancer care. DATA SOURCES: Published data on cancer care and studies of LGBT individuals. CONCLUSION: There is a clustering of barriers among LGBT individuals, which suggests multiple inequities exist in LGBT individuals' cancer care, although data on disparities along the cancer control continuum are not consistently available...
January 12, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336508/national-audit-of-perinatal-hiv-infections-in-the-uk-2006-2013-what-lessons-can-be-learnt
#12
H Peters, C Thorne, P A Tookey, L Byrne
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate circumstances surrounding perinatal transmissions of HIV (PHIVs) in the UK. METHODS: The National Study of HIV in Pregnancy and Childhood conducts comprehensive surveillance of all pregnancies in women diagnosed with HIV infection and their infants in the UK; reports of all HIV-diagnosed children are also sought, regardless of country of birth. Children with PHIV born in 2006-2013 and reported by 2014 were included in an audit, with additional data collection via telephone interviews with clinicians involved in each case...
January 16, 2018: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335161/health-equity-monitoring-for-healthcare-quality-assurance
#13
R Cookson, M Asaria, S Ali, R Shaw, T Doran, P Goldblatt
Population-wide health equity monitoring remains isolated from mainstream healthcare quality assurance. As a result, healthcare organizations remain ill-informed about the health equity impacts of their decisions - despite becoming increasingly well-informed about quality of care for the average patient. We present a new and improved analytical approach to integrating health equity into mainstream healthcare quality assurance, illustrate how this approach has been applied in the English National Health Service, and discuss how it could be applied in other countries...
January 6, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329960/the-future-of-lgbt-cancer-care-practice-and-research-implications
#14
REVIEW
David Rice, Matthew B Schabath
OBJECTIVES: To synthesize state of the knowledge collected in this volume and propose future directions for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) cancer practice, education, research, and advocacy. DATA SOURCES: Current and extant literature. CONCLUSION: Health care disparities that are known but not yet fully elucidated in the LGBT population carry into the cancer arena. Substantially more effort is required in the domains of patient care, nursing practice, nursing and patient-facing services provider education, patient education, nursing and interprofessional research, governmental commitment, professional organization action, and patient advocacy...
January 9, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329792/-implementation-of-a-health-promotion-programme-for-women-in-social-exclusion-in-the-city-of-seville-spain
#15
Cristina Rodríguez Fernández-Viagas, Carmen García Gil, Nora Bayo Barroso, Cristina Villalba Quesada, Manuela Álvarez Girón
Health promotion can contribute towards reducing inequality and ensuring equal opportunities, providing the means to enable the entire population to develop its maximum health possibilities. Women living in areas with social transformation needs (ASTN) are an especially vulnerable group due to the situation of material deprivation and social exclusion in which they live. Health promotion programmes for this group can bring about an improvement in their health. This paper describes the health promotion programme Socio-educational Groups of Primary Care for Women (SEGPC-W), and evaluates its implementation in ASTN in the city of Seville (Spain), as well as the benefits and difficulties of its development through a documentary analysis and interviews with participating professionals...
January 9, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318771/safety-of-service-users-with-severe-mental-illness-receiving-inpatient-care-on-medical-and-surgical-wards-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Ella Reeves, Catherine Henshall, Marie Hutchinson, Debra Jackson
This review aimed to synthesize the evidence on the likelihood of harm and mortality on medical and surgical inpatient wards for people with severe mental illness (SMI). From 937 results identified through database searching, and a further 10 papers identified through citation searching and hand searching, 11 papers met the criteria for inclusion in the final review. This review did not find strong evidence for higher in-hospital mortality in people with SMI. There was evidence that adverse events are higher in people with SMI...
February 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316901/dialysis-facility-staff-perceptions-of-racial-gender-and-age-disparities-in-access-to-renal-transplantation
#17
Kristie J Lipford, Laura McPherson, Reem Hamoda, Teri Browne, Jennifer C Gander, Stephen O Pastan, Rachel E Patzer
BACKGROUND: Racial/ethnic, gender, and age disparities in access to renal transplantation among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients have been well documented, but few studies have explored health care staff attitudes towards these inequalities. Staff perceptions can influence patient care and outcomes, and identifying staff perceptions on disparities could aid in the development of potential interventions to address these health inequities. The objective of this study was to investigate dialysis staff (n = 509), primarily social workers and nurse managers, perceptions of renal transplant disparities in the Southeastern United States...
January 10, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313949/cancer-statistics-2018
#18
Rebecca L Siegel, Kimberly D Miller, Ahmedin Jemal
Each year, the American Cancer Society estimates the numbers of new cancer cases and deaths that will occur in the United States and compiles the most recent data on cancer incidence, mortality, and survival. Incidence data, available through 2014, were collected by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program; the National Program of Cancer Registries; and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries. Mortality data, available through 2015, were collected by the National Center for Health Statistics...
January 4, 2018: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306992/health-and-welfare-of-women-and-child-survival-a-key-to-nation-building
#19
Meharban Singh
Health of women has a profound effect on the health and welfare of communities, countries and the world at large. A large number of social, economic, educational, political and religious dimensions impact the lives of girls and women with repercussions on their health and status in society and welfare of their children. It is a sad reality that a large number of children, adolescents and women worldwide have limited or no access to essential health care services, nutrition and education. Gender inequity and discrimination against girls cannot be bridged unless there are equal opportunities for healthcare and education for boys and girls...
January 6, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306621/association-between-non-communicable-disease-multimorbidity-and-health-care-utilization-in-a-middle-income-country-population-based-study
#20
J Jankovic, M Mirkovic, A Jovic-Vranes, M Santric-Milicevic, Z Terzic-Supic
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to analyze possible inequalities by gender in the utilization of health services (general practitioner [GP] and hospital), among people with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in the Republic of Serbia, with special reference to multimorbidity. In addition, we examined the prevalence patterns of NCDs by sociodemographic characteristics of the population. STUDY DESIGN: This study is a population-based, cross-sectional survey. METHODS: A secondary analysis from the 2013 Serbian National Health Survey included 13,765 adults aged ≥20 years...
January 4, 2018: Public Health
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