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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632767/how-is-indonesia-coping-with-its-epidemic-of-chronic-noncommunicable-diseases-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#1
Julia Schröders, Stig Wall, Mohammad Hakimi, Fatwa Sari Tetra Dewi, Lars Weinehall, Mark Nichter, Maria Nilsson, Hari Kusnanto, Ekowati Rahajeng, Nawi Ng
BACKGROUND: Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have emerged as a huge global health problem in low- and middle-income countries. The magnitude of the rise of NCDs is particularly visible in Southeast Asia where limited resources have been used to address this rising epidemic, as in the case of Indonesia. Robust evidence to measure growing NCD-related burdens at national and local levels and to aid national discussion on social determinants of health and intra-country inequalities is needed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631228/the-socio-ecological-model-approach-to-understanding-barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-accessing-of-health-services-by-sex-workers-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Polly H X Ma, Zenobia C Y Chan, Alice Yuen Loke
Inequities in accessing health care persist among sex workers. The purpose of the review is to understand the health-seeking behaviours of sex workers and their access to health care services with socio-ecological model. Of 3852 citations screened, 30 met the inclusion criteria for this review. The access that sex workers have to health services is a complex issue. A wide range of barriers and facilitators at multiple levels could influence sex workers' utilization of health care services, such as health or service information, stigma, social support, quality of health care, available, accessible and affordable services, healthcare policy...
June 19, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629358/inequities-in-utilization-of-reproductive-and-maternal-health-services-in-ethiopia
#3
REVIEW
Firew Tekle Bobo, Elias Ali Yesuf, Mirkuzie Woldie
BACKGROUND: Disparities in health services utilization within and between regional states of countries with diverse socio-cultural and economic conditions such as Ethiopia is a frequent encounter. Understanding and taking measures to address unnecessary and avoidable differences in the use of reproductive and maternal health services is a key concern in Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to examine degree of equity in reproductive and maternal health services utilization in Ethiopia. METHOD: Data from Ethiopia demographic health survey 2014 was analyzed...
June 19, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625030/the-clinical-nutrition-research-agenda-in-indonesia-and-beyond-ecological-strategy-for-food-in-health-care-delivery
#4
Widjaja Lukito, Lindawati Wibowo, Mark L Wahlqvist
Despite progress with the food-associated health agenda in the public health and clinical domains, much remains to be done in Indonesia. There are reasons to be optimistic which include economic development, increasing literacy, progress towards universal health coverage and community organizational arrangements across the archipelago which focus on health through some 10,000 puskesmas. These community health centres are variably staffed with voluntary cadres from the community, bidans (nurses) and general medical practitioners...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624180/effect-of-implementation-of-a-smoke-free-policy-on-physical-violence-in-a-psychiatric-inpatient-setting-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#5
Debbie Robson, Gilda Spaducci, Ann McNeill, Duncan Stewart, Tom J K Craig, Mary Yates, Lisa Szatkowski
BACKGROUND: Smoke-free policies are important to protect health and reduce health inequalities. A major barrier to policy implementation in psychiatric hospitals is staff concern that physical violence will increase. We aimed to assess the effect of implementing a comprehensive smoke-free policy on rates of physical assaults in a large UK mental health organisation. METHODS: We did an interrupted time series analysis of incident reports of physical assault 30 months before and 12 months after the implementation of the policy in the inpatient wards of South London and Maudsley National Health Service Foundation Trust, London, UK...
June 14, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621247/-aria-2016-executive-summary-integrated-care-pathways-for-predictive-medicine-across-the-life-cycle
#6
Ayşe Arzu Yorgancıoğlu, Ömer Kalaycı, Cemal Cingi, Bilun Gemicioğlu, Ali Fuat Kalyoncu, Iogana Agache, Claus Bachert, Anna Bedbrook, George Walter Canonica, Thomas Casale, Alvaro Cruz, Wytsk Ej Fokkens, Peter Hellings, Boleslaw Samolinski, Jean Bousquet
The Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) initiative commenced during a World Health Organization (WHO) workshop in 1999. The initial goals were (i) to propose a new allergic rhinitis classification, (ii) to promote the concept of multi-morbidity in asthma and rhinitis and (iii) to develop guidelines with all stakeholders for global use in all countries and populations. ARIA- disseminated and implemented in over 70 countries globally- is now focusing on the implementation of emerging technologies for individualized and predictive medicine...
March 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620723/advances-in-ebi-development-for-diverse-populations-towards-a-science-of-intervention-adaptation
#7
Felipe Gonzalez Castro, Miwa Yasui
This introduction examines major issues and challenges as presented in this special issue of Prevention Science, "Challenges to the Dissemination and Implementation of Evidence Based Prevention Interventions for Diverse Populations." We describe the Fidelity-Adaptation Dilemma that became the origin of dynamic tensions in prevention science. It generated controversies and debates and new perspectives on the dissemination and implementation of evidence-based interventions (EBIs) within diverse populations. The five articles in this special issue address many of these challenges...
June 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617944/inequity-in-timing-of-prenatal-screening-in-new-zealand-who-are-our-most-vulnerable
#8
Olivia Payne, Avinesh Pillai, Michelle Wise, Peter Stone
BACKGROUND: In New Zealand (NZ), Maori and Pacific women are less likely to complete prenatal screening for Down's syndrome and other aneuploidies than other ethnic groups. Young women <20 have low rates of completed screening compared with women >20 years. Women living in deprived areas have lower completed screen rates than women living in more affluent areas. Combined first trimester screening has a superior sensitivity (85%) compared with second trimester screening (75%) for trisomy 21...
June 15, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617239/bifurcation-of-health-policy-regimes-a-study-of-sleep-apnea-care-and-benefits-coverage-in-saskatchewan
#9
Gregory P Marchildon, Caroline A Beck, Tarun R Katapally, Sylvia Abonyi, James A Dosman, Jo-Ann Episkenew
BACKGROUND: A complex, poorly understood bifurcated health policy regime exists for Canada's First Nations people for extended health benefits coverage. This research adds to a small body of literature on the regime's impact on access and quality of care and its role in perpetuating health inequities in First Nations populations. METHODS: Using a case study of sleep apnea care in Saskatchewan, we identified issues of health service access and coverage through a literature review of extended benefits programs, legislation and policies and through 10 key informant interviews with federal and provincial extended benefit program administrators and sleep medicine physicians...
May 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617143/does-ethno-cultural-betrayal-in-trauma-affect-asian-american-pacific-islander-college-students-mental-health-outcomes-an-exploratory-study
#10
Jennifer M Gómez
OBJECTIVES: Interpersonal trauma has deleterious effects on mental health (1) , with college students experiencing relatively high rates of lifetime trauma (2) . Asian American/Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) have the lowest rate of mental health care utilization (4) . According to cultural betrayal trauma theory (CBTT) (9, 10, 11) , societal inequality may impact within-group violence in minority populations, thus having implications for mental health. In the current exploratory study, between-group (interracial) and within-group (ethno-cultural betrayal) trauma and mental health outcomes were examined in AAPI college students...
June 15, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615019/evaluation-of-community-provision-of-a-preventive-cardiovascular-programme-the-national-health-service-health-check-in-reaching-the-under-served-groups-by-primary-care-in-england-cross-sectional-observational-study
#11
Maria Woringer, Elizabeth Cecil, Hillary Watt, Kiara Chang, Fozia Hamid, Kamlesh Khunti, Elizabeth Dubois, Julie Evason, Azeem Majeed, Michael Soljak
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of premature mortality and a major contributor of health inequalities in England. Compared to more affluent and white counterparts, deprived people and ethnic minorities tend to die younger due to preventable CVD associated with lifestyle. In addition, deprived, ethnic minorities and younger people are less likely to be served by CVD prevention services. This study assessed the effectiveness of community-based outreach providers in delivering England's National Health Services (NHS) Health Check programme, a CVD preventive programme to under-served groups...
June 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611067/maximising-paediatricians-roles-in-improving-children-s-oral-health-lessons-from-leicester
#12
REVIEW
Jasmine Murphy, Rod Moore
AIMS: To provide an overview of steps taken to improve oral health in one UK city and to review factors relevant to maximising the contribution that paediatricians (and potentially other health professionals) can make to improving oral health. METHODS: The article provides information on the strategic approach taken in Leicester, one of the most ethnically diverse cities in England, and also one of the most deprived. Over a third of children aged 3 years, and half of those aged 5 years, have experience of obvious dental decay...
June 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610633/health-care-users-key-community-informants-and-primary-health-care-workers-views-on-health-health-promotion-health-assets-and-deficits-qualitative-study-in-seven-spanish-regions
#13
Mariona Pons-Vigués, Anna Berenguera, Núria Coma-Auli, Haizea Pombo-Ramos, Sebastià March, Angela Asensio-Martínez, Patricia Moreno-Peral, Sara Mora-Simón, Maria Martínez-Andrés, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera
BACKGROUND: Although some articles have analysed the definitions of health and health promotion from the perspective of health-care users and health care professionals, no published studies include the simultaneous participation of health-care users, primary health care professionals and key community informants. Understanding the perception of health and health promotion amongst these different stakeholders is crucial for the design and implementation of successful, equitable and sustainable measures that improve the health and wellbeing of populations...
June 13, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607674/gender-bias-in-careseeking-practices-in-57-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
Janaína Calu Costa, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Aluísio Jd Barros, Cesar G Victora
BACKGROUND: Preventive and curative medical interventions can reduce child mortality. It is important to assess whether there is gender bias in access to these interventions, which can lead to preferential treatment of children of a given sex. METHODS: Data from Demographic and Health Surveys carried out in 57 low- and middle-income countries were used. The outcome variable was a composite careseeking indicator, which represents the proportion of children with common childhood symptoms or illnesses (diarrhea, fever, or suspected pneumonia) who were taken to an appropriate provider...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604233/distance-education-methods-are-useful-for-delivering-education-to-palliative-caregivers-a-single-arm-trial-of-an-education-package-palliative-caregivers-education-package
#15
Liz Forbat, Rowena Robinson, Rachel Bilton-Simek, Karemah Francois, Marsha Lewis, Erna Haraldsdottir
BACKGROUND: Face-to-face/group education for palliative caregivers is successful, but relies on caregivers travelling, being absent from the patient, and rigid timings. This presents inequities for those in rural locations. AIM: To design and test an innovative distance-learning educational package (PrECEPt: PalliativE Caregivers Education Package). DESIGN: Single-arm mixed-method feasibility proof-of-concept trial (ACTRN12616000601437). The primary outcome was carer self-efficacy, with secondary outcomes focused on caregiver preparedness and carer tasks/needs...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592273/research-on-subgroups-is-not-research-on-equity-attributes-evidence-from-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-on-vaccination
#16
REVIEW
Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Meike-Kathrin Zuske, Christian Auer
BACKGROUND: Equity remains a priority in the international health development agenda. However, major inequities in vaccination coverage jeopardise the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. We aim at comprehensively describing how research has addressed equity issues related to vaccination. METHODS: We carried out an overview of systematic reviews (SRs) that explicitly explored the effects of interventions to improve vaccination in any context; for any vaccine and, in any language...
June 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591214/-the-devil-has-entered-you-a-qualitative-study-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-and-the-stigma-and-discrimination-they-experience-from-healthcare-professionals-and-the-general-community-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#17
Stela Stojisavljevic, Bosiljka Djikanovic, Bojana Matejic
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are often exposed to unequal treatment in societies worldwide as well as to various forms of stigma and discrimination in healthcare services. Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) is a postconflict developing country located in Southeast Europe and the Western Balkans, where little is known about the experiences of MSM regarding their communities and interactions with healthcare services. The aim of this study was to explore the types of experiences MSM face and to assess the level of stigma and discrimination they are exposed to in this setting...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589824/taking-care-to-the-patient-a-rural-outreach-plan-for-men
#18
Elaine Cole
A staff nurse has turned her outpatients department into a health promotion hub, reaching across her community hospital and beyond to provide proactive, preventive and integrated services in rural communities. Anne Thomas, who works at Dolgellau Hospital in Gwynedd, north west Wales, won the Community Nursing category of the RCNi Nurse Awards 2017 for her work addressing health inequalities in men.
June 7, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589024/healthcare-seeking-behaviour-barriers-and-mental-health-of-non-domestic-migrant-workers-in-singapore
#19
Jia Wei Ang, Colin Chia, Calvin J Koh, Brandon W B Chua, Shyamala Narayanaswamy, Limin Wijaya, Lai Gwen Chan, Wei Leong Goh, Shawn Vasoo
BACKGROUND: Low-wage migrant workers are vulnerable to healthcare inequities. We sought to identify potential barriers to healthcare and risk factors for mental health issues in non-domestic migrant workers in Singapore, and identify high-risk subgroups. METHODS: A cross-sectional, interviewer-administered survey of 433 non-domestic migrant workers was conducted at subsidised clinics and a foreign worker dormitory from July to August 2016. Questions assessed healthcare usage patterns, affordability issues, barriers to care and psychological distress using a validated screening scale (Kessler-6)...
March 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588985/how-did-rapid-scale-up-of-hiv-services-impact-on-workplace-and-interpersonal-trust-in-zambian-primary-health-centres-a-case-based-health-systems-analysis
#20
Stephanie M Topp, Julien M Chipukuma
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, large amounts of funding continue to be directed towards HIV-specific care and treatment, often with claims of 'health system strengthening' effect. Such claims rarely account for the impact on human relationships and decisions that are core to functional health systems. This research examined how establishment of externally funded HIV services influenced trusting relationships in Zambian health centres. METHODS: An in-depth, multicase study included four health centres selected for urban, peri-urban and rural characteristics...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
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