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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212251/serum-mast-cell-tryptase-as-a-marker-of-posttraumatic-joint-contracture-in-a-rabbit-model
#1
Michaela Kopka, Michael J Monument, A Dean Befus, Mei Zhang, David A Hart, Paul T Salo, Prism S Schneider, Cun-Yi Fan, Xiangdang Liang, Alexandra Garven, Kevin A Hildebrand
OBJECTIVES: Mast cells have been identified as key mediators of posttraumatic joint contracture, and stabilizing medications (ketotifen) have been shown to decrease contracture severity. Serum mast cell tryptase (SMCT) levels are used clinically to monitor mast cell-mediated conditions. The goals of this study were to determine if SMCT levels are elevated in the setting of joint contracture, if they can be decreased in association with ketotifen therapy, and if they correlate with contracture severity...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190755/quantitative-prediction-of-histamine-h1-receptor-occupancy-by-the-sedative-and-non-sedative-antagonists-in-the-human-central-nervous-system-based-on-systemic-exposure-and-preclinical-data
#2
Kayoko Kanamitsu, Yoshitane Nozaki, Yoko Nagaya, Yuichi Sugiyama, Hiroyuki Kusuhara
Significant histamine H1 receptor occupation in the central nervous system (CNS) is associated with sedation. Here we examined the time profiles of the H1 receptor occupancy (RO) in the CNS using sedative (diphenhydramine and ketotifen) and non-sedative (bepotastine and olopatadine) antagonists at their therapeutic doses by integrating in vitro and animal data. A pharmacokinetic model was constructed to associate plasma concentrations and receptor binding in the brain. Dissociation and association rate constants with the H1 receptor and plasma and brain unbound fractions were determined in vitro...
November 18, 2016: Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178593/the-role-of-histamine-in-the-regulation-of-the-viability-proliferation-and-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-secretion-of-rat-wound-fibroblasts
#3
Monika Wolak, Ewa Bojanowska, Teresa Staszewska, Joanna Ciosek, Marlena Juszczak, Jacek Drobnik
BACKGROUND: Inflammation mediators play a regulatory role in repair processes. The study will examine the influence of histamine on wound fibroblast metabolic activity, viability, proliferation, and TGFβ1 secretion. The study also will identify the histamine receptor involved in regulation of the tested repair processes. METHODS: Fibroblasts were obtained from the granulation tissue of wounds or intact dermis of rats. The MTT and BrdU assays were used to examine the effect of histamine (10(-8)M-10(-4)M) on the viability and metabolic activity of fibroblasts, and on their proliferative capacity...
November 15, 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173624/evidence-for-the-role-of-histaminergic-pathways-in-neuroprotective-mechanism-of-ischemic-postconditioning-in-mice
#4
Indresh Kaur, Amit Kumar, Amteshwar S Jaggi, Nirmal Singh
The present study has been designed to investigate the possible role of histaminergic pathway in neuroprotective mechanism of ischemic postconditioning (iPoCo). Bilateral carotid artery occlusion (BCAO) for 12 min followed by reperfusion for 24 hr was employed to produce I/R induced cerebral injury in NIH mice. iPoCo involving three episodes of carotid artery occlusion and reperfusion of 10 sec each, was instituted immediately after BCAO just before prolonged reperfusion. Cerebral infarct size was measured using triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining...
February 7, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169851/periorbital-allergic-contact-dermatitis-due-to-ketotifen
#5
Kelly A Aschenbeck, Erin M Warshaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127315/relationship-between-different-types-and-forms-of-anti-asthmatic-medications-and-dental-caries-in-three-to-12-year-olds
#6
Alireza Heidari, Bahman Seraj, Mahdi Shahrabi, Hamideh Maghsoodi, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard, Tara Zarabian
OBJECTIVES: Asthma is a common chronic disease. Asthma and anti-asthmatic medications have been suggested as risk factors for increased susceptibility to caries. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of different types and forms of antihistaminic medications and the duration of drug consumption on the severity of dental caries in asthmatic children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Asthma and Allergy Department of Children's Medical Center in Tehran, Iran...
August 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095628/sensitization-from-ketotifen-fumarate-in-eye-drops-presenting-as-chronic-conjunctivitis
#7
Kyra Smets, Justine Werbrouck, An Goossens, Liesbeth Gilissen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009613/serum-mast-cell-tryptase-as-a-marker-of-post-traumatic-joint-contracture-in-a-rabbit-model
#8
Michaela Kopka, Michael J Monument, A Dean Befus, Mei Zhang, David A Hart, Paul T Salo, Prism S Schneider, Cun-Yi Fan, Xiangdang Liang, Alexandra Garven, Kevin A Hildebrand
OBJECTIVES: Mast cells have been identified as key mediators of post-traumatic joint contracture, and stabilizing medications (Ketotifen) have been shown to decrease contracture severity. Serum mast cell tryptase (SMCT) levels are used clinically to monitor mast cell-mediated conditions. The goals of this study were to determine if SMCT levels are elevated in the setting of joint contracture, if they can be decreased in association with Ketotifen therapy, and if they correlate with contracture severity...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803886/bepotastine-induced-urticaria-cross-reactive-with-other-antihistamines
#9
Ju Wan Kang, Jaechun Lee
Second-generation antihistamines are widely prescribed for the control of symptoms of allergic inflammation such as itchy hives, coryza, and itchy eyes. In rare circumstances, these drugs might provoke allergic inflammation. Hypersensitivity to bepotastine besilate, a second-generation antihistamine has never been reported. A 17-year-old schoolgirl, whose paroxysmal itchy hives had been controlled with bepotastine, experienced aggravation of the hives. An oral provocation test confirmed her hypersensitivity to bepotastine and cross-reactivity to levocetirizine...
October 2016: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766218/comparison-of-different-nanosuspensions-as-potential-ophthalmic-delivery-systems-for-ketotifen-fumarate
#10
Saieede Soltani, Parvin Zakeri-Milani, Mohammad Barzegar-Jalali, Mitra Jelvehgari
Purpose: The objective of this study was to develop, characterize, and comparatively investigate the ketotifen fumarate (KF) nanosuspensions (NSS) to enhance the permeability of KF. Methods: In the present work, the NSP and NSE were prepared by double-emulsion solvent evaporation/nanoprecipitation methods with poly (D,Llactide-co-glycolide) and Eudragit RL100 polymers, respectively. The loading efficiency, particle size, and polydispersity index of prepared different NSs were evaluated with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and in vitro release and transcorneal permeation ...
September 2016: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705841/human-dihydrofolate-reductase-influences-the-sensitivity-of-the-malaria-parasite-plasmodium-falciparum-to-ketotifen-a-cautionary-tale-in-screening-transgenic-parasites
#11
Phuong N Tran, Cameron J Tate, Melanie C Ridgway, Kevin J Saliba, Kiaran Kirk, Alexander G Maier
Ketotifen has recently been reported to inhibit the growth of both asexual and sexual malaria parasites. A parasite transporter, PfgABCG2, has been implicated in its mechanism of action. Human dihydrofolate reductase (hDHFR) is the most commonly used selectable marker to create transgenic Plasmodium falciparum cell lines. Growth assays using transgenic P. falciparum parasites with different selectable markers revealed that the presence of hDHFR rather than the absence of PfgABCG2 is responsible for a shift in the parasite's sensitivity to ketotifen...
December 2016: International Journal for Parasitology, Drugs and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666395/pharmacological-evaluation-of-antiasthmatic-activity-of-myrica-nagi-bark-extracts
#12
Rinu K Rana, Rakesh K Patel
BACKGROUND: The involvement of debilitating side effects of allopathic antiasthmatic drugs provides a strong impetus for the development of new herbal therapeutics. Myrica nagi Thunb. (Syn. Kaiphal) of Myricaceae family is a known drug of the Ayurveda system used for the treatment of several diseases including asthma. METHODS: The present study deals with the preparation and phytochemical screening of polar, non-polar and methanolic extracts of Myrica nagi bark followed by the evaluation of their antiasthmatic activity using four different animal experimental models: acetylcholine induced bronchospasm in conscious guinea pigs, acetylcholine induced contraction on isolated guinea pig tracheal chain preparation, compound 48/80 induced mast cell degranulation using rat, and trypsin and egg albumin induced bronchospasm in conscious rat...
September 23, 2016: Anti-inflammatory & Anti-allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610257/a-gel-formulation-containing-a-new-recombinant-form-of-manganese-superoxide-dismutase-a-clinical-experience-based-on-compassionate-use-safety-of-a-case-report
#13
Lucia Grumetto, Antonio Del Prete, Giovanni Ortosecco, Antonella Borrelli, Salvatore Del Prete, Aldo Mancini
Background. We report a case of bilateral posterior subcapsular cataracts (PSCs) in a 24-year-old man with an allergic conjunctivitis history caused by a long-term therapy with glucocorticoids. Case Presentation. The patient showed a visual acuity of 9/10 for both eyes. He followed a therapy with ketotifen and bilastine for four years. During the last six months before our evaluation, he was treated with chloramphenicol and betamethasone, interrupted for onset of cataracts and increased intraocular pressure...
2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605827/the-inhibitory-effect-of-cromolyn-sodium-and-ketotifen-on-toxoplasma-gondii-entrance-into-host-cells-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#14
Fatemeh Rezaei, Mohammad Ali Ebrahimzadeh, Ahmad Daryani, Mehdi Sharif, Ehsan Ahmadpour, Shahabeddin Sarvi
Toxoplasma gondii is a protozoan with worldwide distribution and in spite of increasing information about its biology, treatment of toxoplasmosis is restricted to a few drugs and unfortunately using of each of drugs is associated with significant side effects in patients. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of cromolyn sodium and ketotifen as alternative drugs for the treatment of toxoplasmosis. In vitro; in case group, concentrations of 1, 5, 10 and 15 µg/ml of ketotifen and cromolyn sodium were added to RPMI medium containing peritoneal macrophages...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591732/how-does-a-c%C3%AF-c-double-bond-cleave-in-the-gas-phase-fragmentation-of-protonated-ketotifen-in-mass-spectrometry
#15
Yunfeng Chai, Lu Wang, Lin Wang
In the literature, it is reported that the protonated ketotifen mainly undergoes CC double bond cleavage in electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS); however, there is no explanation on the mechanism of this fragmentation reaction. Therefore, we carried out a combined experimental and theoretical study on this interesting fragmentation reaction. The fragmentation of protonated ketotifen (m/z 310) always generated a dominant fragment ion at m/z 96 in different electrospray ionization mass spectrometers (ion trap, triple quadrupole and linear trap quadrupole (LTQ)-orbitrap)...
December 2016: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571513/monitoring-the-prevalence-of-leucocytozoon-sabrazesi-in-southern-china-and-testing-tricyclic-compounds-against-gametocytes
#16
Wenting Zhao, Qin Pang, Ruixue Xu, Jianwen Liu, Shengfa Liu, Jian Li, Xin-Zhuan Su
Leucocytozoon parasites infect many species of avian hosts, including domestic chicken, and can inflict heavy economic loss on the poultry industry. Two major species of Leucocytozoon parasites have been reported in China, L. sabrazesi and L. caulleryi, although L. sabrazesi appears to be more widespread than L. caulleryi in southern China. The traditional method for detecting Leucocytozoon infection is microscopic examination of blood smears for the presence of mature gametocytes in circulation, which may miss infections with low parasitemia (gametocytemia) or immature gametocytes...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403262/design-of-eudragit-rl-nanoparticles-by-nanoemulsion-method-as-carriers-for-ophthalmic-drug-delivery-of-ketotifen-fumarate
#17
Saieede Soltani, Parvin Zakeri-Milani, Mohammad Barzegar-Jalali, Mitra Jelvehgari
OBJECTIVES: Ketotifen fumarate (KF) is a selective and noncompetitive histamine antagonist (H1-receptor) that is used topically in the treatment of allergic conditions of rhinitis and conjunctivitis. The aim of this study was to formulate and improve an ophthalmic delivery system of KF. Ocular nanoparticles were prepared with the objective of reducing the frequency of administration and obtaining controlled release to improve the anti-inflammatory drug delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, ocular KF loaded Eudragit RL 100 nanoparticles were prepared using O/W solvent diffusion method...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390016/12-s-hete-increases-intracellular-ca-2-in-lymph-endothelial-cells-disrupting-their-barrier-function-in-vitro-stabilization-by-clinical-drugs-impairing-calcium-supply
#18
Chi Huu Nguyen, Stefan Brenner, Nicole Huttary, Yuanfang Li, Atanas Georgiev Atanasov, Verena M Dirsch, Silvio Holzner, Serena Stadler, Juliane Riha, Sigurd Krieger, Danijela Milovanovic, Adryan Fristiohardy, Ingrid Simonitsch-Klupp, Helmut Dolznig, Philipp Saiko, Thomas Szekeres, Benedikt Giessrigl, Walter Jäger, Georg Krupitza
Secretion of 12(S)-HETE by breast cancer emboli provokes "circular chemorepellent induced defects" (CCIDs) in the adjacent lymphatic vasculature facilitating their intravasation and lymph node metastasis which determines prognosis. Therefore, elucidating the mechanism of lymph endothelial cell (LEC) wall disintegration may provide cues for anti-metastatic intervention. The role of intracellular free Ca(2+) for CCID formation was investigated in LECs using MCF-7 or MDA-MB231 breast cancer cell spheroids in a three-dimensional cell co-culture model...
September 28, 2016: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27310883/tacrolimus-in-corticosteroid-refractory-vernal-keratoconjunctivitis
#19
Samrat Chatterjee, Deepshikha Agrawal
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of 0.03% tacrolimus in the treatment of corticosteroid-refractory vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC). METHODS: This open-label study enrolled 30 patients with VKC who were not responding to topical corticosteroid treatment for at least 4 weeks. All patients were treated with 0.03% tacrolimus eye ointment 3 times daily, 0.05% ketotifen eye drops twice daily, and preservative-free artificial tears. Symptoms (itching, redness, watering, discharge, burning, and photophobia) and signs (conjunctival injection, papillae, cobblestone papillae, limbal inflammation, or hypertrophy and corneal epithelial staining) were graded on a 4-point scale at enrolment, after 4 weeks, and at the end of treatment period, which was at 12 weeks...
November 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27310149/induction-of-mast-cell-degranulation-by-triterpenoidal-saponins-obtained-from-cimicifugae-rhizoma
#20
Ji-Yoon Choi, Su Jin Jeon, Kun Ho Son, Young In Park, Mi-Sook Dong
Cimicifugae rhizoma has been widely used as a traditional herbal medicine to treat inflammation and menopausal symptoms. In this study, we found that some of the triterpenoidal saponins purified from the ethanol extract of Cimicifugae rhizoma dramatically induced histamine release. The structure-related induction of mast cell degranulation by them and the mechanism of action were determined. β-Hexosaminidase release in HMC-1 cells was increased in a concentration-dependent manner, with maximal 6.5- and 8.5-fold increases, by 200 μg/mL 24-epi-7,8-didehydrocimigenol-3-O-xyloside (comp 1) and cimigenol 3-O-beta-d-xyloside (comp 4) compared with those treated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate and A23187 (PMACI), respectively...
October 2016: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
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