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Ketotifen

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803886/bepotastine-induced-urticaria-cross-reactive-with-other-antihistamines
#1
Ju Wan Kang, Jaechun Lee
Second-generation antihistamines are widely prescribed for the control of symptoms of allergic inflammation such as itchy hives, coryza, and itchy eyes. In rare circumstances, these drugs might provoke allergic inflammation. Hypersensitivity to bepotastine besilate, a second-generation antihistamine has never been reported. A 17-year-old schoolgirl, whose paroxysmal itchy hives had been controlled with bepotastine, experienced aggravation of the hives. An oral provocation test confirmed her hypersensitivity to bepotastine and cross-reactivity to levocetirizine...
October 2016: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766218/comparison-of-different-nanosuspensions-as-potential-ophthalmic-delivery-systems-for-ketotifen-fumarate
#2
Saieede Soltani, Parvin Zakeri-Milani, Mohammad Barzegar-Jalali, Mitra Jelvehgari
Purpose: The objective of this study was to develop, characterize, and comparatively investigate the ketotifen fumarate (KF) nanosuspensions (NSS) to enhance the permeability of KF. Methods: In the present work, the NSP and NSE were prepared by double-emulsion solvent evaporation/nanoprecipitation methods with poly (D,Llactide-co-glycolide) and Eudragit RL100 polymers, respectively. The loading efficiency, particle size, and polydispersity index of prepared different NSs were evaluated with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and in vitro release and transcorneal permeation ...
September 2016: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705841/human-dihydrofolate-reductase-influences-the-sensitivity-of-the-malaria-parasite-plasmodium-falciparum-to-ketotifen-a-cautionary-tale-in-screening-transgenic-parasites
#3
Phuong N Tran, Cameron J Tate, Melanie C Ridgway, Kevin J Saliba, Kiaran Kirk, Alexander G Maier
Ketotifen has recently been reported to inhibit the growth of both asexual and sexual malaria parasites. A parasite transporter, PfgABCG2, has been implicated in its mechanism of action. Human dihydrofolate reductase (hDHFR) is the most commonly used selectable marker to create transgenic Plasmodium falciparum cell lines. Growth assays using transgenic P. falciparum parasites with different selectable markers revealed that the presence of hDHFR rather than the absence of PfgABCG2 is responsible for a shift in the parasite's sensitivity to ketotifen...
September 22, 2016: International Journal for Parasitology, Drugs and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666395/pharmacological-evaluation-of-antiasthmatic-activity-of-myrica-nagi-bark-extracts
#4
Rinu K Rana, Rakesh K Patel
BACKGROUND: The involvement of debilitating side effects of allopathic antiasthmatic drugs provides a strong impetus for the development of new herbal therapeutics. Myrica nagi Thunb. (Syn. Kaiphal) of Myricaceae family is a known drug of the Ayurveda system used for the treatment of several diseases including asthma. METHODS: The present study deals with the preparation and phytochemical screening of polar, non-polar and methanolic extracts of Myrica nagi bark followed by the evaluation of their antiasthmatic activity using four different animal experimental models: acetylcholine induced bronchospasm in conscious guinea pigs, acetylcholine induced contraction on isolated guinea pig tracheal chain preparation, compound 48/80 induced mast cell degranulation using rat, and trypsin and egg albumin induced bronchospasm in conscious rat...
September 23, 2016: Anti-inflammatory & Anti-allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610257/a-gel-formulation-containing-a-new-recombinant-form-of-manganese-superoxide-dismutase-a-clinical-experience-based-on-compassionate-use-safety-of-a-case-report
#5
Lucia Grumetto, Antonio Del Prete, Giovanni Ortosecco, Antonella Borrelli, Salvatore Del Prete, Aldo Mancini
Background. We report a case of bilateral posterior subcapsular cataracts (PSCs) in a 24-year-old man with an allergic conjunctivitis history caused by a long-term therapy with glucocorticoids. Case Presentation. The patient showed a visual acuity of 9/10 for both eyes. He followed a therapy with ketotifen and bilastine for four years. During the last six months before our evaluation, he was treated with chloramphenicol and betamethasone, interrupted for onset of cataracts and increased intraocular pressure...
2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605827/the-inhibitory-effect-of-cromolyn-sodium-and-ketotifen-on-toxoplasma-gondii-entrance-into-host-cells-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#6
Fatemeh Rezaei, Mohammad Ali Ebrahimzadeh, Ahmad Daryani, Mehdi Sharif, Ehsan Ahmadpour, Shahabeddin Sarvi
Toxoplasma gondii is a protozoan with worldwide distribution and in spite of increasing information about its biology, treatment of toxoplasmosis is restricted to a few drugs and unfortunately using of each of drugs is associated with significant side effects in patients. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of cromolyn sodium and ketotifen as alternative drugs for the treatment of toxoplasmosis. In vitro; in case group, concentrations of 1, 5, 10 and 15 µg/ml of ketotifen and cromolyn sodium were added to RPMI medium containing peritoneal macrophages...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591732/how-does-a-c%C3%A2-%C3%A2-c-double-bond-cleave-in-the-gas-phase-fragmentation-of-protonated-ketotifen-in-mass-spectrometry
#7
Yunfeng Chai, Lu Wang, Lin Wang
In the literature, it is reported that the protonated ketotifen mainly undergoes C = C double bond cleavage in electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS), however, there is no explanation on the mechanism of this fragmentation reaction. Therefore, we carried out a combined experimental and theoretical study on this interesting fragmentation reaction. The fragmentation of protonated ketotifen (m/z 310) always generated a dominant fragment ion at m/z 96 in different electrospray ionization mass spectrometers (ion trap, triple quadrupole, and LTQ-orbitrap)...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571513/monitoring-the-prevalence-of-leucocytozoon-sabrazesi-in-southern-china-and-testing-tricyclic-compounds-against-gametocytes
#8
Wenting Zhao, Qin Pang, Ruixue Xu, Jianwen Liu, Shengfa Liu, Jian Li, Xin-Zhuan Su
Leucocytozoon parasites infect many species of avian hosts, including domestic chicken, and can inflict heavy economic loss on the poultry industry. Two major species of Leucocytozoon parasites have been reported in China, L. sabrazesi and L. caulleryi, although L. sabrazesi appears to be more widespread than L. caulleryi in southern China. The traditional method for detecting Leucocytozoon infection is microscopic examination of blood smears for the presence of mature gametocytes in circulation, which may miss infections with low parasitemia (gametocytemia) or immature gametocytes...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403262/design-of-eudragit-rl-nanoparticles-by-nanoemulsion-method-as-carriers-for-ophthalmic-drug-delivery-of-ketotifen-fumarate
#9
Saieede Soltani, Parvin Zakeri-Milani, Mohammad Barzegar-Jalali, Mitra Jelvehgari
OBJECTIVES: Ketotifen fumarate (KF) is a selective and noncompetitive histamine antagonist (H1-receptor) that is used topically in the treatment of allergic conditions of rhinitis and conjunctivitis. The aim of this study was to formulate and improve an ophthalmic delivery system of KF. Ocular nanoparticles were prepared with the objective of reducing the frequency of administration and obtaining controlled release to improve the anti-inflammatory drug delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, ocular KF loaded Eudragit RL 100 nanoparticles were prepared using O/W solvent diffusion method...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390016/12-s-hete-increases-intracellular-ca-2-in-lymph-endothelial-cells-disrupting-their-barrier-function-in-vitro-stabilization-by-clinical-drugs-impairing-calcium-supply
#10
Chi Huu Nguyen, Stefan Brenner, Nicole Huttary, Yuanfang Li, Atanas Georgiev Atanasov, Verena M Dirsch, Silvio Holzner, Serena Stadler, Juliane Riha, Sigurd Krieger, Danijela Milovanovic, Adryan Fristiohardy, Ingrid Simonitsch-Klupp, Helmut Dolznig, Philipp Saiko, Thomas Szekeres, Benedikt Giessrigl, Walter Jäger, Georg Krupitza
Secretion of 12(S)-HETE by breast cancer emboli provokes "circular chemorepellent induced defects" (CCIDs) in the adjacent lymphatic vasculature facilitating their intravasation and lymph node metastasis which determines prognosis. Therefore, elucidating the mechanism of lymph endothelial cell (LEC) wall disintegration may provide cues for anti-metastatic intervention. The role of intracellular free Ca(2+) for CCID formation was investigated in LECs using MCF-7 or MDA-MB231 breast cancer cell spheroids in a three-dimensional cell co-culture model...
September 28, 2016: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27310883/tacrolimus-in-corticosteroid-refractory-vernal-keratoconjunctivitis
#11
Samrat Chatterjee, Deepshikha Agrawal
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of 0.03% tacrolimus in the treatment of corticosteroid-refractory vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC). METHODS: This open-label study enrolled 30 patients with VKC who were not responding to topical corticosteroid treatment for at least 4 weeks. All patients were treated with 0.03% tacrolimus eye ointment 3 times daily, 0.05% ketotifen eye drops twice daily, and preservative-free artificial tears. Symptoms (itching, redness, watering, discharge, burning, and photophobia) and signs (conjunctival injection, papillae, cobblestone papillae, limbal inflammation, or hypertrophy and corneal epithelial staining) were graded on a 4-point scale at enrolment, after 4 weeks, and at the end of treatment period, which was at 12 weeks...
June 15, 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27310149/induction-of-mast-cell-degranulation-by-triterpenoidal-saponins-obtained-from-cimicifugae-rhizoma
#12
Ji-Yoon Choi, Su Jin Jeon, Kun Ho Son, Young In Park, Mi-Sook Dong
Cimicifugae rhizoma has been widely used as a traditional herbal medicine to treat inflammation and menopausal symptoms. In this study, we found that some of the triterpenoidal saponins purified from the ethanol extract of Cimicifugae rhizoma dramatically induced histamine release. The structure-related induction of mast cell degranulation by them and the mechanism of action were determined. β-Hexosaminidase release in HMC-1 cells was increased in a concentration-dependent manner, with maximal 6.5- and 8.5-fold increases, by 200 μg/mL 24-epi-7,8-didehydrocimigenol-3-O-xyloside (comp 1) and cimigenol 3-O-beta-d-xyloside (comp 4) compared with those treated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate and A23187 (PMACI), respectively...
October 2016: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27304487/effect-of-intervention-in-mast-cell-function-before-reperfusion-on-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#13
Fei Tong, Lei Luo, Daojun Liu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Mast cells are sparsely distributed in the kidneys under normal conditions; however, the number of mast cells increases dramatically during renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (RI/RI). When mast cells are stimulated, numerous mediators are released, and under pathological conditions, they produce a wide range of biological effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of intervention in mast cell function before reperfusion on RI/RI. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (n=50) were randomized into five groups: sham group, ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) group, cromolyn sodium treatment group (CS+I/R group), ketotifen treatment group (K+I/Rgroup), and compound 48/80 treatment group (C+I/R group)...
2016: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27210891/generic-selection-criteria-for-safety-and-patient-benefit-v-comparing-the-pharmaceutical-properties-and-patient-usability-of-original-and-generic-nasal-spray-containing-ketotifen-fumarate
#14
Yuko Wada, Shyoko Ami, Mitsuru Nozawa, Miho Goto, Ken-Ichi Shimokawa, Fumiyoshi Ishii
The pH, osmotic pressure (cryoscopy), viscosity, squeeze force, spray angle, and spraying frequency of nasal spray containing ketotifen fumarate (1 brand-name product and 8 generic products) were measured. Based on the results of pH measurement, all products were weakly acidic (4.0 to 5.1). For all products, the osmotic pressure ratio to physiological saline was approximately 1. The viscosity of various products ranged from approximately 1.0 to 1.5 mPa·s. The spray angle of drug solution differed among the products: minimum, 46 degrees (Sawai and Fusachol); and maximum, 68...
2016: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27192186/topical-olopatadine-in-the-treatment-of-allergic-conjunctivitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Ka Wai Kam, Li Jia Chen, Noel Wat, Alvin L Young
PURPOSE: To assess the safety and efficacy of topical olopatadine versus placebo and other topical anti-allergic medications in treating allergic conjunctivitis. METHODS: We systematically searched the literature for randomized-controlled trials that included patients with allergic conjunctivitis, compared olopatadine versus placebo or alternative anti-allergic medications, and examined itch, conjunctival hyperemia, composite symptom or sign scores, and/or occurrence of adverse events...
May 18, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27178036/extended-release-of-ketotifen-from-silica-shell-nanoparticle-laden-hydrogel-contact-lenses-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation
#16
Furqan A Maulvi, Mayurkumar A Mangukiya, Prachi A Patel, Rutvi J Vaidya, Akshay R Koli, Ketan M Ranch, Dinesh O Shah
Ketotifen an anti-allergic drug delivered via eye drops has major limitations, including poor ocular bioavailability and poor patient compliance. The objective of the research work was to fabricate ketotifen loaded microemulsion laden hydrogels and silica shell nanoparticle-laden (prepared from microemulsion using octyltrimethoxysilane) hydrogels to achieve extended ocular drug delivery. The porous silica shell membrane was synthesized at the liquid interface of microemulsion, which facilitates the prolongation of drug release duration from hydrogels...
June 2016: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27130871/effects-of-propolis-in-an-experimental-rat-model-of-allergic-rhinitis
#17
Mehmet Yasar, Yasemin Savranlar, Hatice Karaman, Mustafa Sagit, Sibel Silici, Ibrahim Ozcan
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the anti-allergic activity of propolis in an ovalbumin-induced rat model of allergic rhinitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective experimental study was conducted at Hakan Çetinsaya Clinical and Experimental Animal Research Center with 30 rats. After sensitization of all rats with 0.3mg intraperitoneal ovalbumin plus 30mg aluminum hydroxide for 14days (first phase), rats were divided to five groups. In the second phase of the study 10μL of ovalbumin was applied to each nostril for 21days...
July 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27126687/neuro-immune-interactions-in-chemical-induced-airway-hyperreactivity
#18
Fien C Devos, Brett Boonen, Yeranddy A Alpizar, Tania Maes, Valérie Hox, Sven Seys, Lore Pollaris, Adrian Liston, Benoit Nemery, Karel Talavera, Peter H M Hoet, Jeroen A J Vanoirbeek
Asthma may be induced by chemical sensitisers, via mechanisms that are still poorly understood. This type of asthma is characterised by airway hyperreactivity (AHR) and little airway inflammation. Since potent chemical sensitisers, such as toluene-2,4-diisocyanate (TDI), are also sensory irritants, it is suggested that chemical-induced asthma relies on neuro-immune mechanisms.We investigated the involvement of transient receptor potential channels (TRP) A1 and V1, major chemosensors in the airways, and mast cells, known for their ability to communicate with sensory nerves, in chemical-induced AHR...
August 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27022338/comparison-of-gabapentin-and-ketotifen-in-treatment-of-uremic-pruritus-in-hemodialysis-patients
#19
Saeid Amirkhanlou, Anna Rashedi, Jalal Taherian, Ali Akbar Hafezi, Sahar Parsaei
OBJECTIVES: Uremic pruritus is a common problem in hemodialysis patients. Several treatments have been used for decreasing itching in these patients. Gabapentin and ketotifen are two drugs used for treating uremic patients. The aim of this study was to compare gabapentin and ketotifen in treatment of uremic pruritus in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: In this double-blind randomized clinical trial, 52 hemodialysis patients with uremic pruritus referred to 5azarTeaching Hospital in Gorgan in 2013 were studied...
January 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26944217/mast-cell-stabilizers-obviate-high-fat-diet-induced-renal-dysfunction-in-rats
#20
Reena, Tajpreet Kaur, Anudeep Kaur, Manjinder Singh, Harpal Singh Buttar, Devendra Pathak, Amrit Pal Singh
The present study investigated the infiltration of mast cells into the kidney tissue and the preventive role of mast cell stabilizers against high fat diet (HFD)-induced renal injury in rats. The animals were fed on HFD (30% fat) for 12 consecutive weeks to induce renal injury. The HFD-induced obesity was assessed by calculating obesity index, adiposity index, and estimation of total cholesterol, triglycerides, and high density lipoproteins in plasma. The renal dysfunction was evaluated by measuring creatinine clearance, blood urea nitrogen, uric acid, electrolytes and microproteinuria...
April 15, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
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