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Social network analysis AND medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873413/six-degrees-of-separation-the-small-world-of-medical-education
#1
Wolf E Hautz, Gert Krummrey, Aristomenis Exadaktylos, Stefanie C Hautz
CONTEXT: Conventional wisdom has it that everyone on earth is on average only six steps away from knowing any other person through 'a friend of a friend'. On a local level, however, many people experience that most of their acquaintances know each other. It is thus hard to imagine how such a highly clustered group could be so well connected to the rest of the world. In this paper, we investigate how co-authorship connects scholars in medical education and whether the six degrees of separation hypothesis also applies to the network of authors in the field...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807877/social-network-analysis-in-medical-education
#2
Rachel Isba, Katherine Woolf, Robert Hanneman
CONTENT: Humans are fundamentally social beings. The social systems within which we live our lives (families, schools, workplaces, professions, friendship groups) have a significant influence on our health, success and well-being. These groups can be characterised as networks and analysed using social network analysis. SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS: Social network analysis is a mainly quantitative method for analysing how relationships between individuals form and affect those individuals, but also how individual relationships build up into wider social structures that influence outcomes at a group level...
November 2, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583234/the-usage-of-social-networking-sites-by-medical-students-for-educational-purposes-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#3
Salman Y Guraya
BACKGROUND: Online social networking sites (SNSs) (e.g., Facebook, MySpace, Flickr, Twitter and YouTube) have emerged as rapidly growing mechanisms to exchange personal and professional information among university students. This research aims to determine the medical students' extent of usage of SNSs for educational purposes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Educational Resources Information Centre (ERIC), Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), the Cochrane library, and Excerpta Medica Data Base (EMBASE) were searched to retrieve articles from 2004 to 2014, applying predefined search terms and inclusion criteria...
July 2016: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556006/stigma-substance-use-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-hiv-infected-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-qualitative-study
#4
E Jennifer Edelman, Christopher A Cole, Wanda Richardson, Nicholas Boshnack, Heidi Jenkins, Marjorie S Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Public health HIV-service providers, including Medical Case Managers (case managers) and Disease Intervention Specialists (DIS) have a key role to play in identifying and addressing clients' complex mental health needs and substance use which contribute to sexual risk behaviors, yet their understanding and its consensus with HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) have not been well characterized. METHODS: Together with an AIDS Service Organization and the Connecticut State Department of Public Health in 2011-2012, we conducted a focus group of case managers (n = 14) and interviewed DIS (n = 7) and HIV-infected MSM (n = 17) in Connecticut...
June 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525320/bibliometric-mapping-and-clustering-analysis-of-iranian-papers-on-reproductive-medicine-in-scopus-database-2010-2014
#5
Soheila Bazm, Seyyed Mehdi Kalantar, Masoud Mirzaei
BACKGROUND: To meet the future challenges in the field of reproductive medicine in Iran, better understanding of published studies is needed. Bibliometric methods and social network analysis have been used to measure the scope and illustrate scientific output of researchers in this field. OBJECTIVE: This study provides insight into the structure of the network of Iranian papers published in the field of reproductive medicine through 2010-2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all relevant scientific publications were retrieved from Scopus database and were analyzed according to document type, journal of publication, hot topics, authors and institutions...
June 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424041/learning-strategies-study-habits-and-social-networking-activity-of-undergraduate-medical-students
#6
Andrea Bickerdike, Conall O'Deasmhunaigh, Siun O'Flynn, Colm O'Tuathaigh
OBJECTIVES: To determine learning strategies, study habits, and online social networking use of undergraduates at an Irish medical school, and their relationship with academic performance. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Year 2 and final year undergraduate-entry and graduate-entry students at an Irish medical school. Data about participants' demographics and educational background, study habits (including time management), and use of online media was collected using a self-report questionnaire...
July 17, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362515/pain-intensity-in-hospitalized-adults-a-multilevel-analysis-of-barriers-and-facilitators-of-pain-management
#7
Ann Van Hecke, Aurélie Van Lancker, Bart De Clercq, Céline De Meyere, Sara Dequeker, Jacques Devulder
BACKGROUND: Despite an enhanced interest and evolution in pain management, prevalence remains high. Interventions to optimize pain-related care can only be effective if barriers are identified and accounted for. AIM: To assess pain intensity and examine its association with patient- (including health literacy defined in this study as "requiring help to read health information"), nurse-, and system-related (including social capital defined as "the importance of network and norms at work") barriers/facilitators to pain management...
July 2016: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27324716/-we-have-beaten-hiv-a-bit-a-qualitative-study-of-experiences-of-peer-support-during-pregnancy-with-an-hiv-mentor-mother-project-in-england
#8
Jenny McLeish, Maggie Redshaw
OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences of women living with HIV in England who received or gave Mentor Mother (trained mother-to-mother) volunteer peer support during pregnancy and early motherhood. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive study, using semistructured, in-depth interviews and inductive thematic analysis, theoretically informed by phenomenological social psychology. SETTING: A London-based third sector peer support organisation for people living with HIV...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27296242/demographic-based-content-analysis-of-web-based-health-related-social-media
#9
Shouq A Sadah, Moloud Shahbazi, Matthew T Wiley, Vagelis Hristidis
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of patients from diverse demographic groups share and search for health-related information on Web-based social media. However, little is known about the content of the posted information with respect to the users' demographics. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to analyze the content of Web-based health-related social media based on users' demographics to identify which health topics are discussed in which social media by which demographic groups and to help guide educational and research activities...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27061997/sleep-quality-in-medical-students-the-impact-of-over-use-of-mobile-cell-phone-and-social-networks
#10
Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi, Rozita Absari, Farzaneh Valizadeh, Mohammadreza Saadati, Soroush Sharifimoghadam, Ali Ahmadi, Mohsen Mokhtari, Hossein Ansari
BACKGROUND: Poor sleep quality is closely associated with lifestyle habits including use of mobile cell-phones.This study aimed to identify the relationship between sleep quality due to abuse in mobile cell-phones and engagement in social networks. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 380 undergraduate students selected by proportional stratified sampling in Qom, Iran in 2015. Data were collected by two standard questionnaire including Cell-Phone Over-Use Scale (COS) and Pittsburgh sleep quality questionnaire beside the status of usage in cell-phone social networks...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26969619/-i-have-to-live-like-i-m-old-young-adults-perspectives-on-managing-hypertension-a-multi-center-qualitative-study
#11
Heather M Johnson, Ryan C Warner, Jamie N LaMantia, Barbara J Bowers
BACKGROUND: In the U.S., young adults (18-39 year-olds) have the lowest hypertension control rates among hypertensive adults. Understanding young adults' unique perceptions about hypertension and perceived barriers to hypertension control is critical to develop effective interventions for this population. This multi-center study explored young adults': 1) emotions and reactions after a hypertension diagnosis, 2) attitudes about managing hypertension (lifestyle changes, follow-up visits, antihypertensive medication use), 3) opinions about their healthcare system's hypertension education materials, and 4) opinions about using social media to manage hypertension...
2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26954248/measuring-participants-attitudes-toward-mobile-device-conference-applications-in-continuing-medical-education-validation-of-an-instrument
#12
Christopher M Wittich, Amy T Wang, Justin A Fiala, Karen F Mauck, Jayawant N Mandrekar, John T Ratelle, Thomas J Beckman
INTRODUCTION: Mobile device applications (apps) may enhance live CME courses. We aimed to (1) validate a measure of participant attitudes toward using a conference app and (2) determine associations between participant characteristics and attitudes toward CME apps with conference app usage. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional validation study of participants at the Mayo Clinic Selected Topics in Internal Medicine Course. A conference app was developed that included presentation slides, note-taking features, search functions, social networking with other attendees, and access to presenter information...
2016: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26860229/assessment-of-provider-attitudes-toward-naloxone-on-twitter
#13
Nancy A Haug, Jennifer Bielenberg, Steven H Linder, Anna Lembke
BACKGROUND: As opioid overdose rates continue to pose a major public health crisis, the need for naloxone treatment by emergency first responders is critical. Little is known about the views of those who administer naloxone. The current study examines attitudes of health professionals on the social media platform Twitter to better understand their perceptions of opioid users, the role of naloxone, and potential training needs. METHODS: Public comments on Twitter regarding naloxone were collected for a period of 3 consecutive months...
2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26837081/old-challenges-and-new-perspectives-on-developing-military-physicians-the-first-4-years-of-the-new-israeli-model
#14
Michael Hartal, Nirit Yavnai, Gal Yaniv, S David Gertz, Erica Fleshler, Yitshak Kreiss
Military medicine comprises a set of unique characteristics that differentiate it from other medical specialties. Faced with challenges in recruiting, educating, and training military physicians, the Israel Defense Forces Medical Corps redefined the paradigm for educating military physicians by establishing the Army Program for Excellence in medicine (APEX). This program created a military medical track at the Hebrew University-Hadassah School of Medicine in Jerusalem. All military track students attend a single medical school, which allows for a more focused and efficient program...
February 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26689459/needs-assessment-for-home-based-care-and-the-strengthening-of-social-support-networks-the-role-of-community-care-workers-in-rural-south-africa
#15
Mosa Moshabela, Ilona Sips, Francoise Barten
BACKGROUND: Community care workers (CCWs) in rural South Africa provide medical, personal, household, educational, and social care services to their clients. However, little understanding exists on how provision of services is approached within a household, taking into account available social support networks. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to generate an understanding of the processes that underpin the provision of care by CCWs in rural households and their engagement with clients, primary caregivers (PCGs), and other members of the social support network...
2015: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26657546/-trends-of-research-articles-in-the-korean-journal-of-medical-education-by-social-network-analysis
#16
Hyo Hyun Yoo, Sein Shin
PURPOSE: This aim of this study is to examine trends in medical education research in the Korean Journal of Medical Education(KJME) and suggest improvements for medical education research. METHODS: The main variables were keywords from research papers that were published in KJME. Abstracts of papers (n=499) that were published from 1991 through 2015 were analyzed by social network analysis (NetMiner 4.0) a common research methodfor trends in academic subjects. RESULTS: The most central keywords were "medical education," "clinical competence," "medical student," and "curriculum...
December 2015: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26601693/identifying-the-competencies-of-doctors-in-china
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Li Zhao, Tao Sun, Bao-Zhi Sun, Yu-Hong Zhao, John Norcini, Lincoln Chen
BACKGROUND: China adopted a Flexnerian model as its medical institutions developed over the recent past but the political, social, and economic environment has changed significantly since then. This has generated the need for educational reform, which in other countries, has largely been driven by competencies-oriented models such as those developed in Canada, and the United States. Our study sought to establish the competencies model, relevant to China, which will support educational reform efforts...
2015: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26417905/evaluating-the-use-of-twitter-to-enhance-the-educational-experience-of-a-medical-school-surgery-clerkship
#18
Bradley N Reames, Kyle H Sheetz, Michael J Englesbe, Seth A Waits
OBJECTIVE: Although it has been suggested that social-networking services such as Twitter could be used as a tool for medical education, few studies have evaluated its use in this setting. We sought to evaluate the use of Twitter as a novel educational tool in a medical school surgery clerkship. We hypothesized that Twitter can enhance the educational experience of clerkship students. DESIGN: We performed a prospective observational study. We created a new Twitter account, and delivered approximately 3 tweets per day consisting of succinct, objective surgical facts...
January 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26360291/perspectives-of-patients-doctors-and-medical-students-at-a-public-university-hospital-in-rio-de-janeiro-regarding-tuberculosis-and-therapeutic-adherence
#19
Elizabeth da Trindade de Andrade, Élida Azevedo Hennington, Hélio Ribeiro de Siqueira, Valeria Cavalcanti Rolla, Celina Mannarino
INTRODUCTION: The World Health Organization (WHO) identifies 8.7 million new cases of tuberculosis (TB) annually around the world. The unfavorable outcomes of TB treatment prevent the achievement of the WHO's cure target. GOAL: To evaluate existing intersections in the conceptions relative to the knowledge of TB, the experience of the illness and the treatment. METHODS: Doctors, medical students and patients were selected from a public university in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 2011 to 2013...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26266416/the-willingness-to-pay-for-general-practitioners-in-contractual-service-and-influencing-factors-among-empty-nesters-in-chongqing-china
#20
Fei Chen, Xiang-Long Xu, Zhan Yang, Hua-Wei Tan, Liang Zhang
BACKGROUND: In 2012, a pilot health policy of contractual service relations between general practitioners and patients was implemented in China. Due to the decline in body and cognitive function, as well as the lack of family care and narrow social support networks, the demand of health services among the elderly is much higher than that among the general population. This study aims to probe into the empty nesters' willingness-to-pay for general practitioners using a contractual service policy, investigating empty nesters' payment levels for the service, and analyze the main factors affecting the willingness of empty-nesters' general practitioners using contractual service supply cost...
August 2015: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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