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Mental health treatment plans

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455628/ng%C3%A4-whak%C3%A4-whitinga-standing-at-the-crossroads-how-m%C3%A4-ori-understand-what-western-psychiatry-calls-schizophrenia
#1
Melissa Taitimu, John Read, Tracey McIntosh
This project explored how Māori understand experiences commonly labelled "schizophrenic" or "psychotic". Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 57 Māori participants who had either personal experiences labelled as "psychosis" or "schizophrenia", or who work with people with such experiences; including tangata whaiora (users of mental health services), tohunga (traditional healers), kaumatua/kuia (elders), Māori clinicians, cultural support workers and students...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450447/interplay-among-psychopathologic-variables-personal-resources-context-related-factors-and-real-life-functioning-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia-a-network-analysis
#2
Silvana Galderisi, Paola Rucci, Brian Kirkpatrick, Armida Mucci, Dino Gibertoni, Paola Rocca, Alessandro Rossi, Alessandro Bertolino, Gregory P Strauss, Eugenio Aguglia, Antonello Bellomo, Martino Belvederi Murri, Paola Bucci, Bernardo Carpiniello, Anna Comparelli, Alessandro Cuomo, Domenico De Berardis, Liliana Dell'Osso, Fabio Di Fabio, Barbara Gelao, Carlo Marchesi, Palmiero Monteleone, Cristiana Montemagni, Giulia Orsenigo, Francesca Pacitti, Rita Roncone, Paolo Santonastaso, Alberto Siracusano, Annarita Vignapiano, Antonio Vita, Patrizia Zeppegno, Mario Maj
Importance: Enhanced understanding of factors associated with symptomatic and functional recovery is instrumental to designing personalized treatment plans for people with schizophrenia. To date, this is the first study using network analysis to investigate the associations among cognitive, psychopathologic, and psychosocial variables in a large sample of community-dwelling individuals with schizophrenia. Objective: To assess the interplay among psychopathologic variables, cognitive dysfunctions, functional capacity, personal resources, perceived stigma, and real-life functioning in individuals with schizophrenia, using a data-driven approach...
February 14, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442080/dental-anxiety-and-influencing-factors-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-based-survey
#3
Nadeem Jeddy, S Nithya, T Radhika, Nafisa Jeddy
Background: Dental treatment still remains as one of the most anxious visits despite awareness between dentists and patients in building trusting relationships. The fear of dental treatment determines the frequency of treatment availed with long-term implications in oral health maintenance. Aim: This study aims to estimate prevalence, extent, and factors influencing dental anxiety in a sample of the adult population visiting a private dental hospital in Chennai, India...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428708/surface-water-flooding-groundwater-contamination-and-enteric-disease-in-developed-countries-a-scoping-review-of-connections-and%C3%A2-consequences
#4
REVIEW
L Andrade, J O'Dwyer, E O'Neill, P Hynds
Significant volumes of research over the past four decades has sought to elucidate the social, infrastructural, economic, and human health effects of climate change induced surface flooding. To date, epidemiological and public health studies of flooding events have focused on mental health effects, vector-borne diseases, and infectious enteric disease due to floodwater contact (i.e. typically low consumption rates). The inherent nature of groundwater (i.e. out of sight, out of mind) and the widely held belief that aquifers represent a pristine source of drinking water due to natural attenuation may represent the "perfect storm" causing direct consumption of relatively large volumes of surface flood-contaminated groundwater...
February 8, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423279/physiotherapy-for-people-with-mental-health-problems-in-sub-saharan-african-countries-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Michel Probst, James Mugisha
Background: There is a need for psychosocial interventions to address the escalating mental health burden in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Physiotherapists could have a central role in reducing the burden and facilitating recovery within the multidisciplinary care of people with mental health problems. The aim of this systematic review was to explore the role of physiotherapists within the current mental health policies of SSA countries and to explore the current research evidence for physiotherapy to improve functional outcomes in people with mental health problems in SSA...
2018: Archives of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420832/afghanistan-and-iraq-war-veterans-mental-health-diagnoses-are-associated-with-respiratory-disease-diagnoses
#6
Christopher G Slatore, Michael J Falvo, Shannon Nugent, Kathleen Carlson
Introduction: Many veterans of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have concomitant respiratory conditions and mental health conditions. We wanted to evaluate the association of mental health diagnoses with respiratory disease diagnoses among post-deployment veterans. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all Afghanistan and Iraq War veterans who were discharged from the military or otherwise became eligible to receive Veterans Health Administration services...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419714/the-impact-of-comorbid-mental-health-disorders-on-complications-following-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery-with-minimum-2-year-surveillance
#7
Bassel G Diebo, Joshua D Lavian, Daniel P Murray, Shian Liu, Neil V Shah, George A Beyer, Frank A Segreto, Lee Bloom, Dennis Vasquez-Montes, Louis M Day, Douglas A Hollern, Samantha R Horn, Qais Naziri, Daniel Cukor, Peter G Passias, Carl B Paulino
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis OBJECTIVE.: To compare long-term outcomes between patients with and without mental health comorbidities who are undergoing surgery for adult spinal deformity (ASD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Recent literature reveals that one in three patients admitted for surgical treatment for ASD has comorbid mental health disorder. Currently, impacts of baseline mental health status on long-term outcomes following ASD surgery have not been thoroughly investigated...
February 6, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415683/the-risks-needs-and-stages-of-recovery-of-a-complete-forensic-patient-cohort-in-an-australian-state
#8
Jonathon Adams, Stuart D M Thomas, Tobias Mackinnon, Damien Eggleton
BACKGROUND: Routine outcome measures are increasingly being mandated across mental health services in Australia and overseas. This requirement includes forensic mental health services, but their utility in such specialist services and the inter-relationships between the measures remain unclear. This study sought to characterise the risks, needs and stages of recovery of an entire cohort of forensic patients in one jurisdiction in Australia. METHODS: Local expert groups, comprising of members of the forensic patient treating teams, were formed to gather information about the status and needs of all forensic patients in the State of New South Wales, Australia...
February 7, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415635/-why-come-for-treatment-clients-and-therapists-accounts-of-the-presenting-problems-when-seeking-mental-health-care
#9
Ora Nakash, Michal Cohen, Maayan Nagar
Although identification of main problems is the foundation for treatment planning, limited research has examined reasons for seeking mental health care. We identified reasons for seeking mental health care as reported by clients and therapists upon initial contact with mental health services. We conducted in-depth interviews with clients and their therapists immediately following the intake. We analyzed 117 therapist and 112 client interviews using thematic analysis. Overall interrater reliability among three raters who coded the interviews was high (kappa = 0...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402234/randomised-controlled-trial-protocol-grip-study-examining-the-effect-of-involvement-of-a-general-practitioner-and-home-care-oncology-nurse-after-a-cancer-diagnosis-on-patient-reported-outcomes-and-healthcare-utilization
#10
I A A Perfors, C W Helsper, E A Noteboom, E van der Wall, N J de Wit, A M May
BACKGROUND: Due to the ageing population and improving diagnostics and treatments, the number of cancer patients and cancer survivors is increasing. Policymakers, patients and professionals advocate a transfer of (part of) cancer care from the hospital environment to the primary care setting, as this could stimulate personalized and integrated care, increase cost-effectiveness and would better meet the patients' needs and expectations. The effects of structured active follow-up from primary care after cancer diagnosis have not been studied yet...
February 5, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401055/on-becoming-trauma-informed-role-of-the-adverse-childhood-experiences-survey-in-tertiary-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-and-the-association-with-standard-measures-of-impairment-and-severity
#11
Abdul Rahman, Andrea Perri, Avril Deegan, Jennifer Kuntz, David Cawthorpe
CONTEXT: There is a movement toward trauma-informed, trauma-focused psychiatric treatment. OBJECTIVE: To examine Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) survey items by sex and by total scores by sex vs clinical measures of impairment to examine the clinical utility of the ACE survey as an index of trauma in a child and adolescent mental health care setting. DESIGN: Descriptive, polychoric factor analysis and regression analyses were employed to analyze cross-sectional ACE surveys (N = 2833) and registration-linked data using past admissions (N = 10,400) collected from November 2016 to March 2017 related to clinical data (28 independent variables), taking into account multicollinearity...
2018: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395613/towards-a-comprehensive-routine-outcome-monitoring-program-for-people-with-psychotic-disorders-the-pharmacotherapy-monitoring-and-outcome-survey-phamous
#12
Agna A Bartels-Velthuis, Ellen Visser, Johan Arends, Gerdina H M Pijnenborg, Lex Wunderink, Frederike Jörg, Wim Veling, Edith J Liemburg, Stynke Castelein, Henderikus Knegtering, Richard Bruggeman
BACKGROUND: Patients with psychotic disorders are at risk of developing mental health and social problems, and physical disorders. To monitor and treat these problems when indicated, an annual routine outcome monitoring program, Pharmacotherapy Monitoring and Outcome Survey (PHAMOUS), was developed. This paper presents the background and content of PHAMOUS, implementation of PHAMOUS, characteristics of the patients screened in 2015, and the outcome of patients with three annual screenings between 2011 and 2015...
January 26, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392814/the-new-york-city-mental-health-needs-assessment-study-mhnas-objectives-design-and-methods
#13
Christina C Norman, Kate McDonald, Amanda E Schneider, Igor Malinovsky, Emily Goldmann, Michael K Blauschild, Cynthia Driver
OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the objectives, design, and methods of the Mental Health Needs Assessment Study (MHNAS). The objective of the MHNAS was to assess the needs of individuals transitioning to the community following psychiatric hospitalization and again 3-5 months later to inform community service planning. Needs were defined broadly to include domains like housing, employment, treatment, and social support. METHODS: The MHNAS used a 2-stage clustered sampling approach where the primary sampling units were hospitals and secondary sampling units were patients...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385811/applying-strengths-model-principles-to-build-a-rural-community-based-mental-health-support-service-and-achieve-recovery-outcomes
#14
Debra Dunstan, Donnah Anderson
INTRODUCTION: The Personal Helpers and Mentors (PHaMs) service is a non-clinical, community-based Australian Government initiative aimed at increasing opportunities for recovery for people whose lives are severely affected by mental illness. Using a strengths-based recovery model, PHaMs caseworkers support and mentor people 'at risk of falling through the gaps' between state funded clinical treatment services and federally funded social services (such as supported housing, education and employment)...
February 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382350/developing-a-model-of-family-focused-practice-with-consumers-families-practitioners-and-managers-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach
#15
Andrea Reupert, Bernadette Ward, Francis McCormick, Cathy Ward, Susan Waller, Susan Kidd
BACKGROUND: While governments are urging adult mental health services to support consumers in the context of their family, there is little information about what family focused practice is, nor how it might be enacted. METHODS: Informed by the principles of Community Based Participatory Research, workshops were held in three rural Australian communities in 2015 to discuss the meaning of family focused practice and how such practices might be promoted. RESULTS: Participants described the need to raise community awareness about mental illness and provide practical support to the family...
January 30, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371263/tulsa-1000-a-naturalistic-study-protocol-for-multilevel-assessment-and-outcome-prediction-in-a-large-psychiatric-sample
#16
Teresa A Victor, Sahib S Khalsa, W Kyle Simmons, Justin S Feinstein, Jonathan Savitz, Robin L Aupperle, Hung-Wen Yeh, Jerzy Bodurka, Martin P Paulus
INTRODUCTION: Although neuroscience has made tremendous progress towards understanding the basic neural circuitry underlying important processes such as attention, memory and emotion, little progress has been made in applying these insights to psychiatric populations to make clinically meaningful treatment predictions. The overall aim of the Tulsa 1000 (T-1000) study is to use the NIMH Research Domain Criteria framework in order to establish a robust and reliable dimensional set of variables that quantifies the positive and negative valence, cognition and arousal domains, including interoception, to generate clinically useful treatment predictions...
January 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364746/descriptive-analysis-of-mental-health-related-presentations-to-emergency-medical-services
#17
Renee Roggenkamp, Emily Andrew, Ziad Nehme, Shelley Cox, Karen Smith
OBJECTIVE: In many developed countries, a lack of community-based mental health services is driving increased utilization of emergency medical services (EMS). In this descriptive study, we sought to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of mental health-related EMS presentations in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of EMS presentations occurring between January and December 2015. Computer Aided Dispatch and electronic patient care record data were extracted from an electronic data warehouse...
January 24, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355346/mental-help-seeking-attitudes-scale-mhsas-development-reliability-validity-and-comparison-with-the-atspph-sf-and-iasmhs-po
#18
Joseph H Hammer, Mike C Parent, Douglas A Spiker
Attitudes is a key help-seeking construct that influences treatment seeking behavior via intention to seek help, per the theory of planned behavior (TPB). This article presents the development and psychometric evaluation of the Mental Help Seeking Attitudes Scale (MHSAS), designed to measure respondents' overall evaluation (unfavorable vs. favorable) of their seeking help from a mental health professional. In Study 1 (N = 857 United States adults), exploratory factor analysis (EFA), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and item response theory (IRT) analysis were used to identify an optimal set of 9 items that demonstrated initial evidence of internal consistency, unidimensionality, and strong measurement equivalence/invariance (ME/I) across gender, past help-seeking experience, and psychological distress...
January 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351900/employees-perspectives-on-the-facilitators-and-barriers-to-engaging-with-digital-mental-health-interventions-in-the-workplace-qualitative-study
#19
Stephany Carolan, Richard O de Visser
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of work-related stress, depression, and anxiety are high, resulting in reduced productivity and increased absenteeism. There is evidence that these conditions can be successfully treated in the workplace, but take-up of psychological treatments among workers is low. Digital mental health interventions delivered in the workplace may be one way to address this imbalance, but although there is evidence that digital mental health is effective at treating stress, depression, and anxiety in the workplace, uptake of and engagement with these interventions remains a concern...
January 19, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342846/mental-health-and-drivers-of-need-in-emergent-and-non-emergent-emergency-department-ed-use-do-living-location-and-non-emergent-care-sources-matter
#20
Moira C McManus, Robert J Cramer, Maureen Boshier, Muge Akpinar-Elci, Bonnie Van Lunen
Emergency department (ED) utilization has increased due to factors such as admissions for mental health conditions, including suicide and self-harm. We investigate direct and moderating influences on non-emergent ED utilization through the Behavioral Model of Health Services Use. Through logistic regression, we examined correlates of ED use via 2014 New York State Department of Health Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System outpatient data. Consistent with the primary hypothesis, mental health admissions were associated with emergent use across models, with only a slight decrease in effect size in rural living locations...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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