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Mental health treatment plans

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621855/etherapy
#1
Jan Orman, Bridianne O'Dea
BACKGROUND: The Australian Government's Fifth National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan recommends a stepped care model of mental healthcare that focuses on matching the intensity of care to the severity of illness. General practitioners (GPs) need to learn more about low-intensity online interventions to better meet the needs of patients of lower severity. OBJECTIVE: This article provides GPs with information about low-intensity, evidence-based online resources developed in Australia and available for integration into the care of patients with mild-to-moderate mental health conditions...
April 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590363/the-intergenerational-consequences-of-war-anxiety-depression-suicidality-and-mental-health-among-the-children-of-war-veterans
#2
Walter Forrest, Ben Edwards, Galina Daraganova
Background: The long-term effects of military deployment on the mental health of war veterans have been investigated extensively, but few studies have examined the long-term impact of parental deployment on children's mental health. Methods: Using a retrospective, multigenerational survey and propensity score analysis to adjust for selection effects and endogeneity bias, we investigated the impact of parental deployment on the mental health of the adult children of Australian veterans of the Vietnam War...
March 24, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588574/application-of-health-quotient-to-enhance-chronic-periodontitis-treatments
#3
Zhaoxia Zhang, Dong Zhao, Mei Lin, Dongxue Zhang, Ruijuan Bai, Jing Fan, Zuomin Wang
Objectives: Based on the concept of health quotient (HQ), we designed and facilitated personalized plans to improve patients' compliance and oral health. The study aims to increase HQ level of patients with chronic periodontitis from four aspects, namely self-care, health knowledge, lifestyle, and mental health, and evaluate the effects of HQ training in maintaining oral health. Method: In total, 105 patients with chronic periodontitis were recruited from Capital Medical University-Affiliated Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from January 2015 to January 2017...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582007/carer-appraisal-scale-a-pilot-study-of-a-novel-carer-based-assessment-of-patient-functioning
#4
Neil Jeyasingam
Measurement of patient outcomes is an integral part of mental health service evaluation, as well as guiding clinical practice to ensure best outcomes for patients. Moreover, carers have long held a need for a voice in care outcomes. Despite there existing numerous tools for quantifying patient functioning based on clinician assessments or self-reports, there is a serious paucity of tools available for the carers of patients to appraise their functioning. This tool, developed for use in a community aged care psychiatric service, involves 4 sections-a global impression of patient progress, a scorable checklist of patient functioning in multiple domains, a qualitative section for identifying the most pressing concerns from the carer's perspective, and an open-ended feedback on treatment to date...
March 2018: Journal of Patient Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580230/palliative-care-for-people-with-schizophrenia-a-qualitative-study-of-an-under-serviced-group-in-need
#5
Beverley McNamara, Anne Same, Lorna Rosenwax, Brian Kelly
BACKGROUND: People with schizophrenia are at risk of receiving poorer end of life care than other patients. They are often undertreated, avoid treatment and are about half as likely to access palliative care. There are limited options for end of life care for this under-serviced group in need. This study aims to address the paucity of research by documenting possible need, experiences of health care service use and factors affecting palliative care use for people with schizophrenia who have advanced life limiting illness...
March 27, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579013/the-impact-of-comorbid-mental-health-disorders-on-complications-following-cervical-spine-surgery-with-minimum-2-year-surveillance
#6
Bassel G Diebo, Joshua D Lavian, Shian Liu, Neil V Shah, Daniel P Murray, George A Beyer, Frank A Segreto, Fenizia Maffucci, Gregory W Poorman, Denis Cherkalin, Barrett Torre, Dennis Vasquez-Montes, Hiroyuki Yoshihara, Daniel Cukor, Qais Naziri, Peter G Passias, Carl B Paulino
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective Analysis OBJECTIVE.: To improve understanding of the impact of comorbid mental health disorders on long-term outcomes following cervical spinal fusion in cervical radiculopathy (CR) or cervical myelopathy (CM) patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Subsets of patients with CR and CM have mental health disorders, and their impact on surgical complications is poorly understood. METHODS: Patients admitted from 2009-2013 with CR or CM diagnoses who underwent cervical surgery with minimum 2-year surveillance were retrospectively reviewed using New York State's Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS)...
March 23, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548497/between-authoritarian-and-dialogical-approaches-attitudes-and-opinions-on-coercion-among-professionals-in-mental-health-and-addiction-care-in-norway
#7
Olaf Gjerløw Aasland, Tonje Lossius Husum, Reidun Førde, Reidar Pedersen
More knowledge is needed on how to reduce the prevalence of formal and informal coercion in Norwegian mental health care. To explore possible reasons for the widespread differences in coercive practice in psychiatry and drug addiction treatment in Norway, and the poor compliance to change initiatives, we performed a nationwide survey. Six vignettes from concrete and realistic clinical situations where coercive measures were among the alternative courses of action, and where the difference between authoritarian (paternalistic) and dialogical (user participation) practices was explicitly delineated, were presented in an electronic questionnaire distributed to five groups of professionals: psychiatrists, psychologists, nurses, other professionals and auxiliary treatment staff...
March 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540248/delays-in-making-initial-treatment-contact-after-the-first-onset-of-mental-health-disorders-in-the-argentinean-study-of-mental-health-epidemiology
#8
J C Stagnaro, A H Cia, H Vommaro, S Sustas, N Vázquez, E Serfaty, R C Kessler, C Benjet
AIMS: While there are effective treatments for psychiatric disorders, many individuals with such disorders do not receive treatment and those that do often take years to get into treatment. Information regarding treatment contact failure and delay in Argentina is needed to guide public health policy and planning. Therefore, this study aimed to provide data on prompt treatment contact, lifetime treatment contact, median duration of treatment delays and socio-demographic predictors of treatment contact after the first onset of a mental disorder...
March 15, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538791/using-recovery-oriented-principles-to-improve-consumer-empowerment-in-a-state-psychiatric-hospital
#9
Tom Bartholomew, Loren Gildar, Gwen Carrick, Angela Saafigueroa, Ruth Cook
The culture of state psychiatric hospitals may make it difficult to implement recovery-oriented principles such as empowerment. The current study describes efforts of one hospital to empower consumers of psychiatric hospital services using focus groups, surveys, and a workgroup to address the issue of low program attendance. The study determined the importance of identifying consumer goals, informing consumers about options for therapeutic group programming, and matching consumer goals to treatment. Identifying these items led to development of a consumer catalog designed to allow consumers of psychiatric hospital services to choose programs that aligned with their goals while also meeting staff needs to address problem areas on a treatment plan...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531472/predictors-of-dropout-from-inpatient-substance-use-treatment-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Helle Wessel Andersson, Aslak Steinsbekk, Espen Walderhaug, Eli Otterholt, Trond Nordfjærn
Introduction: Dropout from inpatient treatment for substance use disorder (SUD) is an ongoing challenge. The aim of this study was to identify demographic, substance use, and psychological factors that predict dropout from postdetoxification inpatient SUD treatment. Materials and methods: A total of 454 patients from 5 inpatient SUD centers in Central Norway were consecutively included in this naturalistic, prospective cohort study. Results: A total of 132 patients (28%) did not complete the planned treatment stay (dropped out)...
2018: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527754/the-coping-with-unusual-experiences-for-children-study-cues-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-evaluation-of-the-acceptability-and-potential-clinical-utility-of-a-cognitive-behavioural-intervention-package-for-young-people-aged-8-14-years-with-unusual-experiences
#11
Suzanne Jolley, Elizabeth Kuipers, Catherine Stewart, Sophie Browning, Karen Bracegirdle, Nedah Basit, Kimberley Gin, Colette Hirsch, Richard Corrigall, Partha Banerjea, Grainne Turley, Daniel Stahl, Kristin R Laurens
OBJECTIVES: Health care guidelines recommend psychological interventions for childhood unusual experiences that are associated with distress or adverse functional impact (UEDs), based on adult, rather than child-specific, evidence. We report the first randomized controlled evaluation of the acceptability and potential clinical utility of cognitive behavioural therapy for childhood UEDs (CBT-UED). DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Participants aged 8-14 years were recruited from referrals to community services for children with emotional/behavioural problems and screened for self-reported UEDs...
March 12, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510751/impact-of-district-mental-health-care-plans-on-symptom-severity-and-functioning-of-patients-with-priority-mental-health-conditions-the-programme-for-improving-mental-health-care-prime-cohort-protocol
#12
Emily C Baron, Sujit D Rathod, Charlotte Hanlon, Martin Prince, Abebaw Fedaku, Fred Kigozi, Mark Jordans, Nagendra P Luitel, Girmay Medhin, Vaibhav Murhar, Juliet Nakku, Vikram Patel, Inge Petersen, One Selohilwe, Rahul Shidhaye, Joshua Ssebunnya, Mark Tomlinson, Crick Lund, Mary De Silva
BACKGROUND: The Programme for Improving Mental Health Care (PRIME) sought to implement mental health care plans (MHCP) for four priority mental disorders (depression, alcohol use disorder, psychosis and epilepsy) into routine primary care in five low- and middle-income country districts. The impact of the MHCPs on disability was evaluated through establishment of priority disorder treatment cohorts. This paper describes the methodology of these PRIME cohorts. METHODS: One cohort for each disorder was recruited across some or all five districts: Sodo (Ethiopia), Sehore (India), Chitwan (Nepal), Dr...
March 6, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500239/risk-of-12-month-mortality-among-hospital-inpatients-using-the-surprise-question-and-spict-criteria-a-prospective-study
#13
Alison M Mudge, Carol Douglas, Xanthe Sansome, Michael Tresillian, Stephen Murray, Simon Finnigan, Cheryl Ruth Blaber
OBJECTIVES: People with serious life-limiting disease benefit from advance care planning, but require active identification. This study applied the Gold Standards Framework Proactive Identification Guidance (GSF-PIG) to a general hospital population to describe high-risk patients and explore prognostic performance for 12-month mortality. METHODS: Prospective cohort study conducted in a metropolitan teaching hospital in Australia. Hospital inpatients on a single day aged 18 years and older were eligible, excluding maternity and neonatal, mental health and day treatment patients...
March 2, 2018: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499813/improving-quality-of-care-in-hospitals-for-victims-of-elder-mistreatment-development-of-the-vulnerable-elder-protection-team
#14
Tony Rosen, Nisha Mehta-Naik, Alyssa Elman, Mary R Mulcare, Michael E Stern, Sunday Clark, Rahul Sharma, Veronica M LoFaso, Risa Breckman, Mark Lachs, Nancy Needell
PROBLEM DEFINITION: Hospitals have an opportunity to improve the quality of care provided to a particularly vulnerable population: victims of elder mistreatment. Despite this, no programs to prevent or stop elder abuse in the acute care hospital have been reported. An innovative, multidisciplinary emergency department (ED)-based intervention for elder abuse victims, the Vulnerable Elder Protection Team (VEPT), was developed at NewYork-Presbyterian / Weill Cornell Medical Center (New York City)...
March 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493706/predictors-of-general-functioning-and-correlates-of-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#15
Louisa Picco, Ying Wen Lau, Shirlene Pang, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Janhavi A Vaingankar, Edimansyah Abdin, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
INTRODUCTION: Functioning and quality of life (QOL) are negatively impacted as a result of mental illness. This study aimed to determine the: i) socio-demographic and clinical correlates of functioning and; ii) associations between functioning and QOL in a multiethnic sample of psychiatric outpatients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of outpatients receiving treatment from a tertiary psychiatric hospital. Functioning was assessed using the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale, while QOL was measured using the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) which comprises 4 domains: physical health, psychological health, social relationships and environment...
January 2018: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488416/neurodevelopmental-disorders-prevalence-and-comorbidity-in-children-referred-to-mental-health-services
#16
Berit Hjelde Hansen, Beate Oerbeck, Benedicte Skirbekk, Beáta Éva Petrovski, Hanne Kristensen
BACKGROUND: Accurate prevalence rates of the neurodevelopmental disorders (ND) and comorbid conditions in child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) are essential for treatment planning and organization of health care. However, valid and reliable prevalence estimates from Nordic CAMHS populations are scarce, and the published findings vary. AIMS: To report prevalence rates of ND (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: ADHD, tic disorder: TD or autism spectrum disorder: ASD) and comorbid disorders by a validated diagnostic instrument in children referred to CAMHS outpatient clinics...
February 28, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483067/supporting-our-valued-adolescents-sova-a-social-media-website-for-adolescents-with-depression-and-or-anxiety-technological-feasibility-usability-and-acceptability-study
#17
Ana Radovic, Theresa Gmelin, Jing Hua, Cassandra Long, Bradley D Stein, Elizabeth Miller
BACKGROUND: Supporting Our Valued Adolescents (SOVA), a social media website for adolescents, was designed to increase mental health literacy and address negative health beliefs toward depression and/or anxiety diagnosis and treatment. This stakeholder-informed site underwent iterative user testing to evolve into its current version with daily blog posts, round-the-clock site moderation, and Web-based peer interaction to create an online support community. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the technological feasibility (at least 100 users on the site, logging in 12 to 18 times in the first 6 weeks) and acceptability of the SOVA site determined by the System Usability Scale (SUS)...
February 26, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470468/an-audit-of-risk-assessments-for-suicide-and-attempted-suicide-in-ed-a-retrospective-review-of-quality
#18
Wayne de Beer, Bernard DeWitt, Jules Schofield, Helen Clark, Veronique Gibbons
AIM: The primary aim of this audit was to determine the quality of psychiatric risk assessments conducted by Mental Health & Addiction Services clinicians for patients presenting to the emergency department, Waikato Hospital, Hamilton, New Zealand following an attempted suicide. METHOD: A retrospective, randomised audit of 376 files of patients who had presented to the ED over a 12-month period from 1 July 2015 to 30 June 2016 was conducted, following the standards outlined in the present New Zealand Ministry of Health Clinical Practice Guideline for Deliberate Self Harm (DSH)...
February 23, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463478/association-between-gender-confirmation-treatments-and-perceived-gender-congruence-body-image-satisfaction-and-mental-health-in-a-cohort-of-transgender-individuals
#19
Ashli A Owen-Smith, Joseph Gerth, R Craig Sineath, Joshua Barzilay, Tracy A Becerra-Culqui, Darios Getahun, Shawn Giammattei, Enid Hunkeler, Timothy L Lash, Andrea Millman, Rebecca Nash, Virginia P Quinn, Brandi Robinson, Douglas Roblin, Travis Sanchez, Michael J Silverberg, Vin Tangpricha, Cadence Valentine, Savannah Winter, Cory Woodyatt, Yongjia Song, Michael Goodman
BACKGROUND: Transgender individuals sometimes seek gender confirmation treatments (GCT), including hormone therapy (HT) and/or surgical change of the chest and genitalia ("top" and "bottom" gender confirmation surgeries). These treatments may ameliorate distress resulting from the incongruence between one's physical appearance and gender identity. AIM: The aim was to examine the degree to which individuals' body-gender congruence, body image satisfaction, depression, and anxiety differed by GCT groups in cohorts of transmasculine (TM) and transfeminine (TF) individuals...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462292/state-and-non-state-mental-health-service-collaboration-in-a-south-african-district-a-mixed-methods-study
#20
André Janse van Rensburg, Inge Petersen, Edwin Wouters, Michelle Engelbrecht, Gladys Kigozi, Pieter Fourie, Dingie van Rensburg, Piet Bracke
The Life Esidimeni tragedy in South Africa showed that, despite significant global gains in recognizing the salience of integrated public mental health care during the past decade, crucial gaps remain. State and non-state mental health service collaboration is a recognized strategy to increase access to care and optimal use of community resources, but little evidence exist about how it unfolds in low- to middle-income countries. South Africa's Mental Health Policy Framework and Strategic Plan 2013-20 (MHPF) underlines the importance of collaborative public mental health care, though it is unclear how and to what extent this happens...
February 15, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
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