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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316211/prehypertension-is-a-comorbid-state-with-autonomic-and-metabolic-dysfunction
#1
Mi-Hyang Jung, Sang-Hyun Ihm, Dong-Hyeon Lee, Young Choi, Woo-Baek Chung, Hae Ok Jung, Kyung-Soon Hong, Ho-Joong Youn
We aimed to elucidate the role of autonomic dysfunction in the context of complex metabolic and cardiovascular changes in subjects with prehypertension. We identified 556 asymptomatic subjects without hypertension who underwent comprehensive cardiovascular exams. We obtained heart rate recovery (HRR) after peak exercise to quantitatively measure autonomic dysfunction. Of the 556 participants, 279 individuals had prehypertension and the remaining 277 had optimal BP. HRR was significantly lower in the prehypertension group (36...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306875/serum-lactate-cut-offs-as-a-risk-stratification-tool-for-in-hospital-adverse-outcomes-in-emergency-department-patients-screened-for-suspected-sepsis
#2
Amith L Shetty, Kelly Thompson, Karen Byth, Petra Macaskill, Malcolm Green, Mary Fullick, Harvey Lander, Jonathan Iredell
OBJECTIVES: We investigated specific lactate thresholds for adverse outcomes in patients presenting to emergency departments (EDs) with suspected sepsis identified based on the performance of a sepsis screening algorithm. DESIGN AND SETTING: A standardised sepsis bundle was implemented across public hospitals in New South Wales, Australia, as a quality improvement initiative. A register of all adult ED presentations (≥18 years) meeting predefined criteria for sepsis was created, using a combination of data linkage and direct reporting from 97 participating sites...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302291/a-case-series-of-intraosseous-hemangioma-of-the-jaws-various-presentations-of-a-rare-entity
#3
Srinivasa R Chandra, Eleanor Chen, Timothee Cousin, Dolphine Oda
Background: Hemangiomas of the soft tissue are common in the head and neck area, especially in the tongue and in children under ten years of age. Intraosseous hemangiomas of the mandible and maxilla (IHM), on the other hand, are exceedingly rare and are not well characterized. This study presents six IHM cases focusing on the clinical, radiographic, and histologic characteristics. Material and Methods: Six cases of IHM were retrieved from the archives of the Biopsy Services at the University of Washington...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297206/no-jab-no-record-catch-up-vaccination-of-children-in-immigration-detention
#4
Karen M Kiang, Sonja Elia, Georgia A Paxton
International Health and Medical Services (IHMS) are contracted to provide health services, including catch-up vaccination, for individuals in immigration detention. Our audit of catch-up vaccination in asylum seeker children who spent time in held detention demonstrates inadequate and suboptimal vaccine delivery in this setting, and no evidence that IHMS recorded vaccines on the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register at the time. We also found substantial shortfalls in vaccination for these children after they were released from detention...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285650/synergistic-cytotoxicity-of-the-dipeptidyl-peptidase-iv-inhibitor-gemigliptin-with-metformin-in-thyroid-carcinoma-cells
#5
Si Hyoung Kim, Jun Goo Kang, Chul Sik Kim, Sung-Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Seong Jin Lee
PURPOSE: The influence of the dipeptidyl peptidase-IV inhibitor, gemigliptin alone or in combination with metformin on survival, proliferation, and migration of thyroid carcinoma cells was investigated. METHODS: SW1736 and TPC-1 human thyroid carcinoma cells were used. RESULTS: Gemigliptin and metformin caused cell death in a dose-dependent manner. In cells treated with both gemigliptin and metformin, compared with metformin alone, all of the combination index values were lower than 1...
December 28, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259654/a-case-of-large-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix-misdiagnosed-as-adenocarcinoma-in-thinprep-cytology-test
#6
Jong-Hee Nam, Jongin Na, Nah-Ihm Kim, Ga-Eon Kim, Chang-Soo Park, Yoo-Duk Choi
Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) of uterine cervix is a rare malignancy with aggressive behavior and poor clinical outcome even in its early stage. Few cytopathologic features of cervical LCNEC have been reported previously. A 57-year-old postmenopausal African American female, presented to the local health department with a chief complaint of heavy vaginal bleeding. A 45-year-old female presented with 20 months of vaginal pruritus and foul odor. Cervical malignancy was suspected by pelvis magnetic resonance imaging...
2017: CytoJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259650/cytologic-features-of-primary-monophasic-synovial-sarcoma-of-the-thyroid-gland
#7
Chang-Soo Park, Young Kim, Eun-Hui Jeong, Nah-Ihm Kim, Yoo-Duk Choi
Synovial sarcoma (SS) is a rare soft tissue tumor, commonly arising in para-articular areas of extremities, but can also present in the head and neck area. However, primary SS of the thyroid gland is an extremely rare tumor which has been reported only five times in previous English literatures. This report presents fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology of primary monophasic SS of the thyroid gland. A 47-year- old woman incidentally detected thyroid nodule in the isthmus of right thyroid gland on an ultrasonography by regular health check-up...
2017: CytoJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243927/orbitally-matched-edge-doping-in-graphene-nanoribbons
#8
Rebecca A Durr, Danny Haberer, Yea-Lee Lee, Raymond Blackwell, Alin Miksi Kalayjian, Tomas Marangoni, Jisoon Ihm, Steven G Louie, Felix R Fischer
A series of trigonal planar N-, O-, and S-dopant atoms incorporated along the convex protrusion lining the edges of bottom-up synthesized chevron graphene nanoribbons (cGNRs) induce a characteristic shift in the energy of conduction and valence band edge states along with a significant reduction of the band gap of up to 0.3 eV per dopant atom per monomer. A combination of scanning probe spectroscopy and density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveals that the direction and the magnitude of charge transfer between the dopant atoms and the cGNR backbone are dominated by inductive effects and follow the expected trend in electronegativity...
December 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225914/status-of-hypertension-screening-in-the-korea-national-general-health-screening-program-a-questionnaire-survey-on-210-screening-centers-in-two-metropolitan-areas
#9
Seung Won Lee, Hae-Young Lee, Sang Hyun Ihm, Sung Ha Park, Tae Hyun Kim, Hyeon Chang Kim
Background: The purpose of this survey was to evaluate the performance of hypertension screening in medical institutions conducting the national general health screening program of the Republic of Korea. Methods: We contacted 700 medical institutions of Seoul and Incheon areas which performed the national general health screening program in 2016, and 210 of them completed telephone survey. The questions asked in the survey include equipment, environment, personnel and quality control procedures for blood pressure (BP) measurement, and interpretation of the measurements...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160058/unraveled-face-dependent-effects-of-multi-layered-graphene-embedded-in-transparent-organic-light-emitting-diodes
#10
Jong Tae Lim, Jaesu Kim, Hyunkoo Lee, Jaehyun Moon, Byoung-Hwa Kwon, Seongdeok Ahn, Nam Sung Cho, Byung-Wook Ahn, Jeong-Ik Lee, Kyuwook Ihm, Seong Chu Lim
With increasing demand for transparent conducting electrode, graphene has attracted considerable attention, owing to its high electrical conductivity, high transmittance, low reflectance, flexibility and tunable work function. Two faces of single layer graphene are indistinguishable in its nature and this idea has not been doubted even in multilayered graphene (MLG) because it is difficult to separately characterize the front (first-born) and rear face (last-born) of MLG by using conventional analysis tools, such as Raman, ultraviolet spectroscopy, scanning probe microscopy, and sheet resistance...
November 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151154/visit-to-visit-variability-of-systolic-blood-pressure-predicts-all-cause-mortality-in-patients-received-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-with-drug-eluting-stents
#11
Suk Min Seo, Woo-Baek Chung, Ik Jun Choi, Yoon-Seok Koh, Sang-Hyun Ihm, Pum-Jun Kim, Wook Sung Chung, Ki-Bae Seung
Blood pressure (BP) and its variability are associated with atherosclerotic disease and cardiovascular events. The prognostic implications of outpatient clinic visit-to-visit blood pressure variability (BPV) are unknown in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES). A total of 1,463 patients undergoing PCI with DES were consecutively enrolled from January 2009 to December 2013. We analyzed the 1,234 patients, who measured clinic BP more than three times during the first year after PCI...
November 18, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147952/gemigliptin-a-novel-dipeptidyl-peptidase-iv-inhibitor-exerts-a-synergistic-cytotoxicity-with-the-histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-pxd101-in-thyroid-carcinoma-cells
#12
S H Kim, J G Kang, C S Kim, S-H Ihm, M G Choi, H J Yoo, S J Lee
PURPOSE: The influence of the dipeptidyl peptidase-IV inhibitor gemigliptin alone or in combination with the histone deacetylase inhibitor PXD101 on survival of thyroid carcinoma cells was investigated. METHODS: SW1736, TPC-1, 8505C and BCPAP human thyroid carcinoma cells were used. To assess cell survival, cell viability, the percentage of viable cells and dead cells, cytotoxic activity, ATP levels and FACS analysis were measured. To validate the impact of gemigliptin combined with PXD101, the interactions were estimated by obtaining combination index in cells treated with two agents...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132321/the-role-of-the-specialized-team-in-the-operation-of-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-a-single-center-experience
#13
Harin Rhee, Gum Sook Jang, Miyeun Han, In Seong Park, Il Young Kim, Sang Heon Song, Eun Young Seong, Dong Won Lee, Soo Bong Lee, Ihm Soo Kwak
BACKGROUND: The requirement of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is increasing with the growing incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI). The decision to initiate CRRT is not difficult if an adequate medical history is obtained. However, the handling and maintenance of CRRT constitute a labor-intensive intervention that requires specialized skills. For these reasons, our center organized a specialized CRRT team in March 2013. The aim of this study is to report on the role of a specialized CRRT team and to evaluate the team's outcome...
November 13, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121921/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-and-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-among-hospitalized-patients-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-spain-2014-2015
#14
Manuel Mendez-Bailon, Noel Lorenzo-Villalba, Nuria Muñoz-Rivas, Jose Maria de Miguel-Yanes, Javier De Miguel-Diez, Josep Comín-Colet, Valentin Hernandez-Barrera, Rodrigo Jimenez-Garcia, Ana Lopez-de-Andres
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is strongly related to the in-hospital and short-term prognosis in patients with cardiovascular diseases needing surgical or invasive interventions. How T2DM might influence the treatment of aortic stenosis (AS) has not been completely elucidated for surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) or transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The aims of this study were: (1) to describe the use of aortic valve replacement procedures (TAVI and SAVR) among hospitalized patients with and without T2DM; and (2) to identify factors associated with in hospital mortality (IHM) among patients undergoing these procedures...
November 9, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097809/the-burden-and-challenges-of-tuberculosis-in-china-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#15
Sui Zhu, Lan Xia, Shicheng Yu, Saobing Chen, Juying Zhang
To achieve the End Tuberculosis (TB) Strategy, it is important to understand the characteristics of TB in China, which may provide the government with important clues for controlling TB by 2030. Data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015) and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) were reviewed and analysed. The age-standardized death rate decreased by 83.79% [95% uncertainty interval (UI) 73.06-87.10] from 1990 to 2015. The age-standardized prevalence of TB in males decreased steadily by 33...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075291/baseline-renal-function-predicts-hyponatremia-in-liver-cirrhosis-patients-treated-with-terlipressin-for-variceal-bleeding
#16
Sung Eun Kim, Dong Min Jung, Ji Won Park, Yeonmi Ju, Bohyun Lee, Hyoung Su Kim, Ki Tae Suk, Myoung Kuk Jang, Sang Hoon Park, Jun Goo Kang, Jae Seung Soh, Hyun Lim, Ho Suk Kang, Sung Hoon Moon, ChulSik Kim, SeongJin Lee, Jong Hyeok Kim, Myung Seok Lee, Dong Joon Kim, Sung-Hee Ihm, ChoongKee Park
OBJECTIVES: Terlipressin is safely used for acute variceal bleeding. However, side effects, such as hyponatremia, although very rare, can occur. We investigated the development of hyponatremia in cirrhotic patients who had acute variceal bleeding treated with terlipressin and the identification of the risk factors associated with the development of hyponatremia. DESIGN AND METHODS: This retrospective, case-control study investigated 88 cirrhotic patients who developed hyponatremia and 176 controls that did not develop hyponatremia and were matched in terms of age and gender during the same period following terlipressin administration...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071590/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-morbidity-and-mortality-for-preterm-neonates-admitted-to-a-tertiary-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#17
Courtney Townsel, Rebecca Keller, Chia-Ling Kuo, Winston A Campbell, Naveed Hussain
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess whether in-hospital morbidity or mortality differed by race/ethnicity for preterm neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). STUDY DESIGN: In a retrospective cohort study, preterm infants, < 37 weeks, were admitted to the NICU from 1994 to 2009. Exclusions included structural anomalies and aneuploidy. Primary outcome was in-hospital mortality (IHM). Secondary outcomes were respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), interventricular hemorrhage (IVH), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067383/integrated-microhall-magnetometer-to-measure-the-magnetic-properties-of-nanoparticles
#18
Changwook Min, Jongmin Park, Jae Kyoung Mun, Yongjun Lim, Jouha Min, Jong-Won Lim, Dong-Min Kang, Ho-Kyun Ahn, Tae-Hyun Shin, Jinwoo Cheon, Hae-Seung Lee, Ralph Weissleder, Cesar M Castro, Hakho Lee
Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are widely used in biomedical and clinical applications, including medical imaging, therapeutics, and biological sample processing. Rapid characterization of MNPs, notably their magnetic moments, should facilitate optimization of particle synthesis and accelerate assay development. Here, we report a compact and low-cost magnetometer for fast, on-site MNP characterization. Termed integrated microHall magnetometer (iHM), our device was fabricated using standard semiconductor processes: an array of Hall sensors, transistor switches, and amplifiers were integrated into a single chip, thus improving the detection sensitivity and facilitating chip operation...
November 21, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061335/research-investments-for-uk-infectious-disease-research-1997-2013-a-systematic-analysis-of-awards-to-uk-institutions-alongside-national-burden-of-disease
#19
Michael G Head, Rebecca J Brown, Stuart C Clarke
INTRODUCTION: Infectious disease remains a significant burden in the UK and the focus of significant amounts of research investment each year. The Research Investments in Global Health study has systematically assessed levels of funding for infection research, and here considers investment alongside UK burden of individual infectious diseases. METHODS: The study included awards to UK institutions between 1997 and 2013 that were related to infectious disease. Awards related to global health projects were excluded here...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042903/renal-tubular-acidosis-in-patients-with-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#20
Su Woong Jung, Eun Ji Park, Jin Sug Kim, Tae Won Lee, Chun Gyoo Ihm, Sang Ho Lee, Ju-Young Moon, Yang Gyun Kim, Kyung Hwan Jeong
Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of the exocrine glands resulting in decreased saliva and tear production. It uncommonly involves the kidneys in various forms, including tubulointerstitial nephritis, renal tubular acidosis, Fanconi syndrome, and rarely glomerulonephritis. Its clinical symptoms include muscle weakness, periodic paralysis, and bone pain due to metabolic acidosis and electrolyte imbalance. Herein, we describe the cases of two women with pSS whose presenting symptoms involve the kidneys...
September 2017: Electrolyte & Blood Pressure: E & BP
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