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Direct observation of procedural skills

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213383/development-of-a-direct-observation-of-procedural-skills-rubric-for-fourth-year-pharmacy-students-in-ambulatory-care-rotations
#1
Sara J Linedecker, Jamie Barner, Jennifer Ridings-Myhra, Aida Garza, Debra Lopez, William McIntyre
PURPOSE: The development and implementation of a pilot program requiring direct observation of procedural skills (DOPS) assessments of fourth-year pharmacy students during ambulatory care rotations are described. METHODS: All fourth-year pharmacy students at the University of Texas at Austin College of Pharmacy who engaged in a required advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) in ambulatory care during the period January-May 2015 participated in a DOPS pilot program...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160101/enhancing-technical-skill-learning-through-interleaved-mixed-model-observational-practice
#2
Arthur Welsher, Lawrence E M Grierson
A broad foundation of behavioural (Hayes et al. in Exp Brain Res 204(2): 199-206, 2010) and neurophysiological (Kohler et al. in Science 297(5582): 846-848, 2002) evidence has revealed that the acquisition of psychomotor skills, including those germane to clinical practice (Domuracki et al. in Med Educ 49(2): 186-192, 2015), can be facilitated through observational practice. Interestingly, research also reveals that learning via observation is greatest when the learner has the opportunity to view both error-free expert demonstrations and flawed novice demonstrations (Rohbanfard and Proteau in Exp Brain Res 215: 183-197, 2011)...
February 3, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153385/video-review-as-a-tool-to-improve-orthopedic-residents-performance-of-closed-manipulative-reductions
#3
Nickul S Jain, Ran Schwarzkopf, John A Scolaro
OBJECTIVE: Orthopedic residents commonly perform closed manipulative reductions as a part of their training. Traditionally, this skill is taught early in training but difficult to simulate. Proficiency is achieved through repetition and experience; faculty observation and instruction is unfortunately often limited. Direct resident teaching has been shown to increase competency, comfort, and long-term skill retention. We hypothesize that video review of closed fracture reductions will provide an inexpensive and valuable tool for resident education and improve skill performance...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124015/effect-of-formative-evaluation-using-direct-observation-of-procedural-skills-in-assessment-of-postgraduate-students-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology-prospective-study
#4
Naina Kumar, Namit Kant Singh, Samar Rudra, Swanand Pathak
INTRODUCTION: Direct Observation of Procedural Skills (DOPS) is a way of evaluating procedural skills through observation in the workplace. The purpose of this study was to assess the role of DOPS in teaching and assessment of postgraduate students and to know the effect of repeated DOPS on improvement of the skills and confidence of the students. METHODS: In both phases, significant difference was observed between the two groups on first DOPS comparison (1st phase: p=0...
January 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116017/emergency-medicine-resident-orientation-how-training-programs-get-their-residents-started
#5
Jillian McGrath, Michael Barrie, David P Way
INTRODUCTION: The first formal orientation program for incoming emergency medicine (EM) residents was started in 1976. The last attempt to describe the nature of orientation programs was by Brillman in 1995. Now almost all residencies offer orientation to incoming residents, but little is known about the curricular content or structure of these programs. The purpose of this project was to describe the current composition and purpose of EM resident orientation programs in the United States...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103899/intraoperative-evaluation-using-mobile-computed-tomography-in-anterior-cervical-decompression-with-floating-method-for-massive-ossification-of-the-posterior-longitudinal-ligament
#6
Toshitaka Yoshii, Takashi Hirai, Tsuyoshi Yamada, Hiroyuki Inose, Tsuyoshi Kato, Kenichiro Sakai, Mitsuhiro Enomoto, Shigenori Kawabata, Yoshiyasu Arai, Atsushi Okawa
BACKGROUND: An anterior decompression and fusion (ADF) with the floating method is an effective procedure for treating ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL), allowing a direct decompressive effect on the spinal cord. However, the procedure is skill-intensive, particularly in cases of OPLL with a high canal-occupying ratio. In such cases, there are potential risks for insufficient decompression due to the incomplete floating of the OPLL. Here, we introduce an anterior decompression procedure for massive OPLL, using an intraoperative computed tomography (CT) with a mobile scanner gantry for the intraoperative evaluation of the decompression...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095505/can-early-intervention-improve-maternal-well-being-evidence-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Orla Doyle, Liam Delaney, Christine O'Farrelly, Nick Fitzpatrick, Michael Daly
OBJECTIVE: This study estimates the effect of a targeted early childhood intervention program on global and experienced measures of maternal well-being utilizing a randomized controlled trial design. The primary aim of the intervention is to improve children's school readiness skills by working directly with parents to improve their knowledge of child development and parenting behavior. One potential externality of the program is well-being benefits for parents given its direct focus on improving parental coping, self-efficacy, and problem solving skills, as well as generating an indirect effect on parental well-being by targeting child developmental problems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068887/the-use-of-smart-glasses-for-surgical-video-streaming
#8
Takafumi Hiranaka, Yuta Nakanishi, Takaaki Fujishiro, Yuichi Hida, Masanori Tsubosaka, Yosaku Shibata, Kenjiro Okimura, Harunobu Uemoto
Observation of surgical procedures performed by experts is extremely important for acquisition and improvement of surgical skills. Smart glasses are small computers, which comprise a head-mounted monitor and video camera, and can be connected to the internet. They can be used for remote observation of surgeries by video streaming. Although Google Glass is the most commonly used smart glasses for medical purposes, it is still unavailable commercially and has some limitations. This article reports the use of a different type of smart glasses, InfoLinker, for surgical video streaming...
January 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025062/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-compare-e-feedback-versus-standard-face-to-face-verbal-feedback-to-improve-the-acquisition-of-procedural-skill
#9
Wissam Al-Jundi, Mohamed Elsharif, Melanie Anderson, Phillip Chan, Jonathan Beard, Shah Nawaz
BACKGROUND: Constructive feedback plays an important role in learning during surgical training. Standard feedback is usually given verbally following direct observation of the procedure by a trained assessor. However, such feedback requires the physical presence of expert faculty members who are usually busy and time-constrained by clinical commitments. We aim to evaluate electronic feedback (e-feedback) after video observation of surgical suturing in comparison with standard face-to-face verbal feedback...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921241/introducing-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-with-a%C3%A2-new-generation-prosthesis-institutional-learning-curve-and-effects-on-acute-outcomes
#10
G D'Ancona, H U Agma, S Kische, G El-Achkar, M Dißmann, J Ortak, H Ince, U Ketterer, A Bärisch, A Öner
OBJECTIVES: We present our single-centre experience with the direct flow medical (DFM) trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) prosthesis addressing the impact of learning curve upon outcomes. BACKGROUND: The DFM has been recently introduced for TAVI. The prosthesis presents original design and implantation features. METHODS: Patients were divided into three groups according to the chronological implantation sequence that reflected technical skills acquisition of the entire team...
February 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884344/do-resident-s-leadership-skills-relate-to-ratings-of-technical-skill
#11
Samantha J Gannon, Katherine E Law, Rebecca D Ray, Jay N Nathwani, Shannon M DiMarco, Anne-Lise D D'Angelo, Carla M Pugh
BACKGROUND: This study sought to compare general surgery research residents' survey information regarding self-efficacy ratings to their observed performance during a simulated small bowel repair. Their observed performance ratings were based on their leadership skills in directing their assistant. METHODS: Participants were given 15 min to perform a bowel repair using bovine intestines with standardized injuries. Operative assistants were assigned to help assist with the repair...
December 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833485/toward-competency-based-curriculum-application-of-workplace-based-assessment-tools-in-the-national-saudi-arabian-anesthesia-training-program
#12
Ama Boker
BACKGROUND: The anesthesia training program of the Saudi Commission for health specialties has introduced a developed competency-based anesthesia residency program starting from 2015 with the utilization of the workplace-based assessment (WBA) tools, namely mini-clinical exercises (mini-CEX), direct observation of procedural skills (DOPS), and case-based discussion (CBD). OBJECTIVES: This work aimed to describe the process of development of anesthesia-specific list of mini-CEX, DOPS, and CBD tools within the Saudi Arabian Anesthesia Training Programs...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806028/medical-students-experiences-of-practising-medical-procedures-on-patients-other-students-and-themselves
#13
Michelle Bai, Helen Nicholson, Kelby Smith-Han
AIM: Development of proficient procedural skills is vital to the training of young doctors. The aim of this project was to investigate the prevalence of different ways that medical students practise clinical procedures and the relationship with professional development. METHODS: A survey was made available online to the cohort of years 4-6 medical students at the Otago Medical School, University of Otago. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected and analysed...
October 28, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671425/health-providers-perception-of-quality-of-care-for-neonates-in-health-facilities-in-a-municipality-in-southern-ghana
#14
Kokui Elikplim Pomevor, Augustine Adomah-Afari
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to assess available human resources for neonatal care and their skills, in order to explore health providers' perceptions of quality of neonatal care in health facilities in Ghana. Design/methodology/approach Data were gathered using qualitative interviews with health providers working in the maternity and paediatric wards and midwives; direct observation; and documentary review at a regional hospital, a municipal hospital and four health centres in a municipality in a region in Southern Ghana...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625585/patients-attitudes-towards-the-participation-of-medical-students-in-clinical-examination-and-care-in-western-saudi-arabia
#15
Sarah B Aljoudi, Somayah S Alsolami, Fayssal M Farahat, Basim Alsaywid, Wesam Abuznadah
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients are essential for the acquisition and development of medical students clinical skills for their tasks. The study aimed to identify factors that influence patients' attitudes towards the involvement of medical students in clinical examination and care in Western Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using self-administered questionnaire was conducted among Saudi and non-Saudi patients at two university hospitals in Jeddah, Western Saudi Arabia...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563588/developing-competency-in-interns-for-endotracheal-intubation-an-educational-article
#16
Harsha Dhirubhai Makwana, Nilay N Suthar, Mehul P Gajjar, Advait V Thakor
BACKGROUND: Our existing undergraduate curriculum lacks developing competency for endotracheal intubation. Even though it is a lifesaving procedure, interns are exposed only during their posting in anesthesia or emergency medicine and so, when need arises, they fail to perform endotracheal intubation and it leads to catastrophes. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop competency in interns for endotracheal intubation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A study was conducted on fifty interns of medical college...
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505702/maternal-scaffolding-and-home-stimulation-key-mediators-of-early-intervention-effects-on-children-s-cognitive-development
#17
Jelena Obradović, Aisha K Yousafzai, Jenna E Finch, Muneera A Rasheed
This study contributes to the understanding of how early parenting interventions implemented in low- and middle-income countries during the first 2 years of children's lives are sustained longitudinally to promote cognitive skills in preschoolers. We employed path analytic procedures to examine 2 family processes-the quality of home stimulation and maternal scaffolding behaviors-as underlying mechanisms through which a responsive stimulation intervention uniquely predicted children's verbal intelligence, performance intelligence, and executive functioning...
September 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497067/supervised-learning-events-direct-observation-of-procedural-skills-pilot
#18
L Batty, K McKinnon, A Skidmore, M McKinnon
BACKGROUND: Workplace-based assessment (WBA) is the assessment of specialist competence based on what a trainee doctor actually does in the workplace. Between January 2014 and January 2015, all UK occupational medicine (OM) trainees were invited to test a suite of direct observation of procedural skills (DOPS) tools designed in a supervised learning event (SLE) format. The Faculty of Occupational Medicine (FOM) Workplace-Based Assessment Advisory Group (WBAAG) studied feedback on the new format...
August 6, 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492298/-the-learning-effectiveness-of-nurses-participating-in-a-simulated-radiation-therapy-skin-care-workshop
#19
Yu-San Lee, Yu-Hsiu Kao
BACKGROUND: The skin reaction rate is 60-95% in cancer patients that receive radiation therapy. This therapy is likely to cause physical and mental discomfort and prolong treatment for patients. The current emphasis on lectures rather than practice to help nurses learn proper skin care practices likely imposes difficulties for nurses to handle various clinical situations. PURPOSE: To investigate the learning effectiveness of a simulated radiation therapy skin care workshop for nurses...
August 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437247/the-desired-concept-maps-and-goal-setting-for-assessing-professionalism-in-medicine
#20
REVIEW
Salman Y Guraya, Shaista S Guraya, Nehal Anam Mahabbat, Khulood Yahya Fallatah, Bashaer Ahmad Al-Ahmadi, Hadeel Hadi Alalawi
Due to the multi-dimensional characteristics of professionalism, no single assessment modality has shown to reliably assess professionalism. This review aims to describe some of the popular assessment tools that are being used to assess professionalism with a view to formulate a framework of assessment of professionalism in medicine. In December 2015, the online research databases of MEDLINE, the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC), Elton Bryson Stephens Company (EBSCO), SCOPUS, OVID and PsychINFO were searched for full-text English language articles published during 2000 to 2015...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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