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Postraumatic stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26383423/duration-of-hexobarbital-sleep-as-a-marker-for-resilience-to-postraumatic-stress-disoder-ptsd-in-rats
#1
Vadim Tseylikman, Denis Kozochkin, Olga Tseylikman, Eugenia Manukhina, H Fred Downey, Maxim Lapshin, Oksana Kuzina, Marat Sahabutdinov, Svetoslav Golodnii, Andrey Mingazov, David Tseylikman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26098818/-postraumatic-mental-disorders-in-traders-victims-of-crime
#2
Julián Achilli, María C Rodríguez, Jorge O Folino
INTRODUCTION: Crime consequences are not only a security problem; they are also a community health question. Because shop assistants are particularly exposed to crime victimization, they are at risk from suffering posttraumatic stress disorders. OBJECTIVES: To describe posttraumatic symptomatology of crime victimized shop assistants and to explore the relationship between the symptoms and demographic, victim and situational factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Self-reported information about mental symptomatology was gathered from 126 victimized shop assistants identified during cross-sectional study...
November 2014: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24555489/factors-influencing-maternal-mental-health-after-the-birth-of-a-child-with-a-cleft-in-benin-and-in-switzerland
#3
Stephanie Habersaat, Camille Peter, Chloe Hohlfeld, Judith Hohlfeld
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the study is to identify practical and cultural factors influencing the mental health of mothers of children with an orofacial cleft in Benin and to compare it with a sample of Swiss mothers in the same conditions. METHOD: Thirty-six mothers of children with an orofacial cleft in Benin and 40 mothers of children with an orofacial cleft in Switzerland were interviewed about practical and emotional aspects concerning their child and their own lives...
March 2014: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24210623/lifetime-major-depression-and-comorbid-disorders-among-current-era-women-veterans
#4
John F Curry, Nicki Aubuchon-Endsley, Mira Brancu, Jennifer J Runnals, John A Fairbank
BACKGROUND: Most research on women veterans' mental health has focused on postraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or reactions to military sexual trauma. Although depression is also a frequent diagnosis among women veterans, little is known about its characteristics, including comorbid conditions and patterns of disorder onset. We investigated lifetime diagnoses of major depressive disorder (MDD) and comorbid conditions in a primarily treatment-seeking research sample of male and female veterans to determine frequency of lifetime MDD, comorbid disorders and their temporal onset...
January 2014: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22512870/smoking-and-behavioral-health-of-women
#5
MULTICENTER STUDY
Martha A Jessup, Suzanne L Dibble, Bruce A Cooper
BACKGROUND: Using data from a study of reliability and validity of a screening tool for co-occurring substance abuse and mental health problems, our objective was to compare behavioral health issues of female smokers and nonsmokers and explore correlates of smoking. METHODS: Using a convenience sample (n=1021), we recruited participants to complete an online survey conducted in substance abuse treatment, primary care, mental health services, senior, and public settings...
July 2012: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21799838/risk-factors-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-survivors-after-the-512-wenchuan-earthquake-in-china
#6
Yuqing Zhang, Samuel M Y Ho
This study investigated the psychological reactions of survivors of the 512 Wenchuan earthquake in China and the risk factors associated with those reactions. The Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R), Type D Scale-14 (DS14), a self-developed trauma experience questionniare, and a demographic questionnaire were administered to 956 earthquake survivors (389 males and 567 females) in Mianzhu, one of the cities most affected by the earthquake. The results showed that postraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms affected 84...
2011: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21421174/preventing-children-s-posttraumatic-stress-after-disaster-with-teacher-based-intervention-a-controlled-study
#7
Leo Wolmer, Daniel Hamiel, Nathaniel Laor
OBJECTIVE: The psychological outcomes that the exposure to mass trauma has on children have been amply documented in the past decades. The objective of this study is to describe the effects of a universal, teacher-based preventive intervention implemented with Israeli students before the rocket attacks that occurred during Operation Cast Lead, compared with a nonintervention but exposed control group. METHOD: The study sample consisted of 1,488 students studying in fourth and fifth grades in a city in southern Israel who were exposed to continuous rocket attacks during Operation Cast Lead...
April 2011: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20448316/potential-driving-issues-in-combat-returnees
#8
REVIEW
Henry L Lew, Melissa M Amick, Malissa Kraft, Murray B Stein, David X Cifu
The driving abilities of service members returning from Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) have not been well reported and are an important aspect of their return to normal life. This article reviews the unique risk factors for unsafe driving in this cohort. In particular, the cognitive and psychological symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury and postraumatic stress disorder, two of the most common diagnoses affecting these returning warriors, are specified, and their possible association with impaired driving is examined...
2010: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19108670/postraumatic-stress-disorder-and-reactive-attachment-disorder-outcome-in-an-adolescent
#9
Gholson J Lyon, Barbara Coffey, Raul Silva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2008: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18954186/assessing-mental-health-and-psychosocial-status-in-communities-exposed-to-traumatic-events-sri-lanka-as-an-example
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Gaithri A Fernando
The purpose of this study was to develop a measure of psychosocial status that could reliably and accurately assess psychosocial functioning in Sinhalese Sri Lankans impacted by traumatic events. A culturally grounded methodology using qualitative data was used to develop and validate the Sri Lankan Index of Psychosocial Status--Adult Version (SLIPSS-A). The SLIPPS-A is a 26-item measure assessing local indicators of distress, with items placed on a frequency scale from 0 (never) to 4 (6-7 days per week). The instrument was administered to 170 Sinhalese Sri Lankans (72% women) between the ages of 21 and 71 years with differing types of trauma exposure...
April 2008: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18273428/-relationship-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-personality-disorders-and-personal-history-in-a-postraumatic-unit-descriptive-study
#11
Marcela Spinetto, Luciana Larregina, Cecilia Benvenuto
In examining predictors of Posttraumatic Stress Disorders, researchers have focused on trauma intensity, symptoms severity, personality disorders and devoted less attention to other variables. This descriptive study examine how personality disorders, intensity of trauma and demographic variables (previous trauma and vulnerability) are related to the likelihood of experiencing a trauma, and to the severity of posttraumatic symptoms in a sample of 50 patients reporting a wide range of trauma.
November 2007: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17253512/passiflora-for-anxiety-disorder
#12
REVIEW
L S Miyasaka, A N Atallah, B G O Soares
BACKGROUND: Anxiety is a very common mental health problem in the general population and in the primary care setting. Herbal medicines are popularly used worldwide and could be an option for treating anxiety if shown to be effective and safe. Passiflora (passionflower extract) is one of these compounds. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness and safety of passiflora for treating any anxiety disorder. SEARCH STRATEGY: The following sources were used: electronic databases: Cochrane Collaboration Depression, Anxiety and Neurosis Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (CCDANCTR-Studies), Medline and Lilacs; Cross-checking references; contact with authors of included studies and manufacturers of passiflora...
2007: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17054208/valerian-for-anxiety-disorders
#13
REVIEW
L S Miyasaka, A N Atallah, B G O Soares
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are very common mental health problems in the general population and in primary care settings. Herbal medicines are popular and used worldwide and might be considered as a treatment option for anxiety if shown to be effective and safe. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness and safety of valerian for treating anxiety disorders. SEARCH STRATEGY: Electronic searches: The Cochrane Collaboration Depression, Anxiety and Neurosis Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (CCDANCTR-Studies and CCDANCTR-References) searched on 04/08/2006, MEDLINE, Lilacs...
2006: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16527070/-children-against-children-bullying-as-an-emerging-disorder
#14
R Rodríguez Piedra, A Seoane Lago, J L Pedreira Massa
An increasing number of children are consulting for various problems or disorders that are based on mistreatment at school. Bullying is defined as persistent physical or emotional violence by a school-aged child or group of children against another school-aged child who is unable to defend himself in this situation, which takes place in the school area. This type of behavior involves the aggressor, the victim, the group of classmates, the institution (teachers, the psychopedagogic team, the management team) and the families (those of the aggressor and victim, and the parents association)...
February 2006: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15253095/characteristics-and-content-of-intrusive-memories-in-ptsd-and-their-changes-with-treatment
#15
Ann Hackmann, Anke Ehlers, Anne Speckens, David M Clark
Although intrusive reexperiencing is a core symptom of postraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), relatively little is known about its phenomenology. The present study assessed the characteristics and content of intrusive trauma memories in 22 patients with PTSD, and followed their changes in the course of cognitive behavioral treatment. Patients had a small number of different intrusive memories (1-4, M = 2.2) that occurred in an invariable, repetitive way. The intrusions were distressing and had a vivid perceptual content...
June 2004: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15230076/personality-disturbances-in-drug-dependent-women-relationship-to-childhood-abuse
#16
Deborah L Haller, Donna R Miles
This study examined associations between childhood abuse and personality disturbances in 228 drug-dependent women. Thirty-six percent denied abuse, 50% reported emotional, 42% physical, and 42% sexual abuse. Million Clinical Multiarial Inventory (MCMI-III) scores > 74 provided evidence of personality disturbance and scores on Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) scales measuring somatic complaints, depression, anxiety and postraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) served as covariates. Emotional and physical abuse survivors were at increased risk for borderline, masochistic, and avoidant disturbances and decreased risk for narcissistic disturbances...
May 2004: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12180467/our-traumatic-neurosis-and-its-brain
#17
A Young
During the nineteenth century, physicians either discovered or invented a variety of clinical autobiography called "traumatic memory." Freud produced two versions of this memory, the final version in the 1920s. A revolutionary nosology (DSM-III), adopted in 1980, promised to extirpate Freud and the concept of neurosis from American psychiatry. However, it made a tacit exception for Freud's concept of traumatic neurosis, renaming it "postraumatic stress disorder." The following decades have been a period of intense clinical and scientific interest in this disorder...
December 2001: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11748600/comparison-of-two-treatments-for-traumatic-stress-a-community-based-study-of-emdr-and-prolonged-exposure
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
G Ironson, B Freund, J L Strauss, J Williams
This pilot study compared the efficacy of two treatments for postraumatic stress disorder (PTSD): Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) and Prolonged Exposure (PE). Data were analyzed for 22 patients from a university-based clinic serving the outside community (predominantly rape and crime victims) who completed at least one active session of treatment after three preparatory sessions. Results showed both approaches produced a significant reduction in PTSD and depression symptoms, which were maintained at three-month follow-up...
January 2002: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11447786/the-impact-of-borderline-personality-disorder-on-process-group-outcome-among-women-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-related-to-childhood-abuse
#19
M Cloitre, K C Koenen
The outcome of a 12-week interpersonal process group therapy for women with postraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) related to childhood sexual abuse with and without borderline personality disorder (BPD) was assessed by comparing three naturally occurring treatment conditions: groups that did not have any members with borderline personality disorder (BPD-) (n = 18), groups in which at least one member carried the diagnosis (BPD+)(n = 16), and a 12-week waitlist (WL) (n = 15). PTSD, anger, depression, and other symptoms were significantly reduced in the BPD- groups...
July 2001: International Journal of Group Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11424040/-differential-diagnosis-of-post-concussive-syndrome
#20
REVIEW
C Pelegrín-Valero, S Fernández-Guinea, J Tirapu-Ustarroz, J M Múñoz-Céspedes
INTRODUCTION: Posconcussional syndrome is characterized by a heterogeneous group of somatic, cognitive and psychosocial symptoms, which occur in patients with head trauma, generally of mild severity. It is the neuropsychiatric postraumatic disorder more prevalent in the field of forensic medicine. DEVELOPMENT: Classical authors (Lishamn and Barraquer, for example) focused on controversial aspects of this syndrome, such as conceptual problems and etiology (organic versus functional)...
May 1, 2001: Revista de Neurologia
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