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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822003/pedophilia-themed-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-assessment-differential-diagnosis-and-treatment-with-exposure-and-response-prevention
#1
Simone Leavell Bruce, Terence H W Ching, Monnica T Williams
Fears of sexually harming children are fairly common among clients suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), yet these symptoms are largely unrecognized and frequently misdiagnosed by mental health professionals. Specifically, clients with pedophilia-themed OCD (P-OCD) experience excessive worries and distressing intrusive thoughts about being sexually attracted to, and sexually violating, children. Expressing these concerns may provoke misjudgments from uninformed mental health professionals that a client is presenting instead with pedophilic disorder...
August 18, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818835/src-dependent-phosphorylation-of-%C3%AE-opioid-receptor-at-tyr-336-modulates-opiate-withdrawal
#2
Lei Zhang, Cherkaouia Kibaly, Yu-Jun Wang, Chi Xu, Kyu Young Song, Patrick W McGarrah, Horace H Loh, Jing-Gen Liu, Ping-Yee Law
Opiate withdrawal/negative reinforcement has been implicated as one of the mechanisms for the progression from impulsive to compulsive drug use. Increase in the intracellular cAMP level and protein kinase A (PKA) activities within the neurocircuitry of addiction has been a leading hypothesis for opiate addiction. This increase requires the phosphorylation of μ-opioid receptor (MOR) at Tyr(336) by Src after prolonged opiate treatment in vitro Here, we report that the Src-mediated MOR phosphorylation at Tyr(336) is a prerequisite for opiate withdrawal in mice...
August 17, 2017: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818561/the-rise-and-fall-of-impulse-control-behavior-disorders
#3
Giovanni Cossu, Roberta Rinaldi, Carlo Colosimo
INTRODUCTION: Impulse control disorders (ICDs) are psychiatric disorders characterized by the failure to resist an impulse or by the temptation to perform an act that is harmful to oneself or to others. METHODS: ICDs, including pathological gambling, hypersexuality, compulsive eating and shopping, can occur as a complication of Parkinson's disease (PD) together with other behavioral disorders, including dopamine dysregulation syndrome. This review is based on a literature search updated to May 2017, focusing on the epidemiology, clinical features, and therapeutic options of ICDs associated with PD...
August 1, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816492/discrimination-and-symptoms-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-among-african-americans
#4
Monnica T Williams, Robert Joseph Taylor, Dawne M Mouzon, Linda A Oshin, Joseph A Himle, Linda M Chatters
This study examined symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in a nationally representative sample of African American adults (n = 3,570) and correlations between OCD symptom dimensions and experiences of discrimination. Two categories of discrimination were examined, everyday racial discrimination and everyday nonracial discrimination (e.g., because of gender, age, and weight), to determine if racial discrimination had a unique impact on OCD symptoms. Results indicated that everyday racial discrimination was related to both categories of obsessions and all 4 categories of compulsions...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815874/white-matter-alterations-associate-with-onset-symptom-dimension-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#5
Irene Bollettini, Mario Gennaro Mazza, Laura Muzzarelli, Sara Dallaspezia, Sara Poletti, Benedetta Vai, Enrico Smeraldi, Francesco Benedetti
AIM: The high heterogeneity of obsessive-compulsive disorder is best described by a multidimensional model involving symptom dimensions. Our study aimed at investigating white matter alterations associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder focusing on the impact of long lasting effect of symptom dimensions assessed at onset of the illness. Furthermore, we investigate white matter alterations associated with this disorder controlling for the impact of medications and for the prevailing current symptom dimension...
August 16, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815684/cognitive-psychophysiological-treatment-of-bodily-focused-repetitive-behaviors-in-adults-an-open-trial
#6
Kieron O'Connor, Marc Lavoie, Benoît Desaulniers, Jean-Sébastien Audet
BACKGROUND: Body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs), such as hair pulling, skin picking, and nail biting, are repetitive, destructive, and nonfunctional habits that cause significant distress. Separate BFRBs form a cohesive group and could be assessed as part of the Tourette/tic spectrum or obsessive-compulsive spectrum of disorders. The treatment of choice is either antidepressant or behavioral treatment, both of which have shown effectiveness. The cognitive psychophysiological (CoPs) model focuses on the tension and emotional build up that triggers habits by addressing cognitive-behavioral, emotional and psychophysiological processes preceding onset rather than the habit itself...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815677/memory-between-traumatic-shock-and-psychic-historicization
#7
Guillemine Chaudoye, Marine Strauss-Kahn, Rafika Zebdi
'I want to erase him from my memory,' she said, 'his eyes, his eyes staring at me … they are there every night, his hand … every night it hits me again and again …'. On the basis of these few words taken from the therapeutic work with Keltoum, the author reflects theoretically and clinically on the place of memory in a traumatism: a fixed memory, a 'frozen image', the signs of a traumatic compulsion to repeat, are the expressions of a process of psychic disorganization but also of a 'symbolized and symbolizing' memory anticipating a possible historicization of this memory, of a path, therefore, towards a resolution of the trauma resulting from a process of psychic integration and reorganization...
August 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814971/quality-of-life-in-anxious-adolescents
#8
Solfrid Raknes, Ståle Pallesen, Joseph A Himle, Jon Fauskanger Bjaastad, Gro Janne Wergeland, Asle Hoffart, Kari Dyregrov, Åshild Tellefsen Håland, Bente Storm Mowatt Haugland
PURPOSE: To examine associations between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and anxiety symptoms across anxiety domains (obsessions/compulsions, social anxiety, panic disorder, agoraphobia, separation anxiety, physical injury fears, generalised anxiety, and posttraumatic stress) in a general adolescent population. Expanded knowledge about these associations can provide valuable information for improving interventions and prevention strategies for adolescent anxiety. METHODS: Cross-sectional data about anxiety were collected via a school survey from a community sample of Norwegian adolescents aged 12-17 (N = 1719)...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812595/compulsive-like-sufentanil-vapor-self-administration-in-the-rat
#9
Janaina Cm Vendruscolo, Brendan J Tunstall, Stephanie A Carmack, Brooke E Schmeichel, Emily G Lowery-Gionta, Maury Cole, Olivier George, Sophia Vandewater, Michael Taffe, George F Koob, Leandro F Vendruscolo
Opioid misuse is at historically high levels in the United States, with inhalation (ie, smoking, and vaping) being one of the most common routes of consumption. We developed and validated a novel preclinical model of opioid self-administration by inhalation that does not require surgery and reliably produces somatic and motivational signs of dependence. Rats were trained to perform an operant response (nosepoke) to receive 10 s of vaporized sufentanil, a potent opioid, in 2 h daily sessions. Rats readily and concentration-dependently self-administered vaporized sufentanil...
August 16, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810815/social-selection-in-cohort-studies-and-later-representation-of-childhood-psychiatric-diagnoses-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#10
Kathrine Bang Madsen, Lena Hohwü, Jin Liang Zhu, Jørn Olsen, Carsten Obel
AIM: This study aimed to estimate the relative representation of childhood psychiatric diagnoses and use of psychotropic medication in the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) compared to the general population. METHODS: The general population was identified as all childbirths in Denmark during 1998-2002 ( N=344,160). Linking the DNBC ( N=91,442) and the general population to the Danish national health registries, all children were followed until they received an ICD-10 psychiatric diagnosis, had a prescription of psychotropic medication or to the end of follow-up in 2013...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810802/the-importance-of-aberrant-beliefs-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-related-conditions
#11
Vladan Starcevic, Vlasios Brakoulias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810380/when-food-becomes-an-obsession-overweight-is-related-to-food-related-obsessive-compulsive-behavior
#12
Katrijn Houben, Anita Jansen
In this study, it was examined whether overweight is associated with food-related obsessions and compulsions. Participants with a healthy weight ( n = 27) and participants who were overweight ( n = 33) filled out the Yale-Brown-Cornell Eating Disorder Scale, the Eating Obsessive-Compulsive Scale, and the Emotional and Behavioral Reactions to Intrusions Questionnaire to assess frequency, distress, control, and reactance associated with food-related preoccupations and compulsions. Overweight participants showed increased food-related preoccupations, compulsive eating, and heightened emotional and behavioral reactance compared to participants with a healthy weight...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807495/the-colorful-spectrum-of-tourette-syndrome-and-its-medical-surgical-and-behavioral-therapies
#13
Jan Roth
Tourette syndrome (TS) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder, more common in males than females, with onset before age 18. TS is characterized by multiple motor tics and one or more vocal/phonic tics, persisting for more than a year. Tics are unvoluntary, abrupt, rapid, repetitive, but non-rhythmic movements or sounds (vocalizations). They are preceded by an inner urge. Tics can be temporarily suppressed, but this leads to a powerful re-emergence. The performance of tics results in immediate but transient relief...
August 10, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806269/affective-disorders-and-sexual-function-from-neuroscience-to-clinic
#14
Bernardo C de Abreu Barata
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sexual dysfunction is a frequent issue in patients with affective disorders, affecting its quality of life and posing challenges to the approach of these patients. RECENT FINDINGS: In recent years, human sexuality has attracted interest from the scientific community, and today we have a much deeper knowledge of the mechanisms involved in the sexual response. Paraphilias or sexual dysfunctions like low sexual desire, premature ejaculation, and erectile dysfunction, are frequent in affective disorders, and the frequency of each sexual problem varies according to the affective disorder...
August 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806123/identity-confusion-and-materialism-mediate-the-relationship-between-excessive-social-network-site-usage-and-online-compulsive-buying
#15
Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Jasmine Khanekharab
This study investigates the mediating role of identity confusion and materialism in the relationship between social networking site (SNS) excessive usage and online compulsive buying among young adults. A total of 501 SNS users aged 17 to 23 years (M = 19.68, SD = 1.65) completed an online survey questionnaire. A serial multiple mediator model was developed and hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling. The results showed that excessive young adult SNS users had a higher tendency toward compulsive buying online...
August 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805580/tourette-syndrome-and-chronic-tic-disorders-the-clinical-spectrum-beyond-tics
#16
Davide Martino, Christos Ganos, Tamara M Pringsheim
The clinical surveillance and active management of Tourette syndrome (TS) and other primary chronic tic disorders cannot be limited to tics, as these patients manifest a spectrum of sensory-, behavioral-, cognitive-, and sleep-related problems that have a major impact on their functioning and quality of life, influencing enormously clinical decision making on a routine basis. The sensory phenomena of primary tic disorders consist of premonitory urges and heightened sensitivity to external somatosensory and interoceptive stimuli...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805577/nonmotor-symptoms-in-huntington-disease
#17
Francisco Cardoso
Huntington disease (HD) is characterized by the triad of motor abnormalities, cognitive dysfunction, and behavioral changes. The aim of this chapter is to describe the frequency, clinical features, and management of behavioral and cognitive dysfunction in HD. Depression, suicidal ideation, apathy, irritability, aggressiveness, obsessions, and compulsions are the most common behavioral abnormalities in HD. All HD patients develop cognitive decline. Recent data suggest that these nonmotor changes are found in premanifest HD gene carriers...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805173/latent-traits-of-impulsivity-and-compulsivity-toward-dimensional-psychiatry
#18
S R Chamberlain, J Stochl, S A Redden, J E Grant
BACKGROUND: The concepts of impulsivity and compulsivity are commonly used in psychiatry. Little is known about whether different manifest measures of impulsivity and compulsivity (behavior, personality, and cognition) map onto underlying latent traits; and if so, their inter-relationship. METHODS: A total of 576 adults were recruited using media advertisements. Psychopathological, personality, and cognitive measures of impulsivity and compulsivity were completed...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805150/diffracting-addicting-binaries-an-analysis-of-personal-accounts-of-alcohol-and-other-drug-addiction
#19
Kiran Pienaar, David Moore, Suzanne Fraser, Renata Kokanovic, Carla Treloar, Ella Dilkes-Frayne
Associated with social and individual harm, loss of control and destructive behaviour, addiction is widely considered to be a major social problem. Most models of addiction, including the influential disease model, rely on the volition/compulsion binary, conceptualising addiction as a disorder of compulsion. In order to interrogate this prevailing view, this article draws on qualitative data from interviews with people who describe themselves as having an alcohol or other drug 'addiction', 'dependence' or 'habit'...
September 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802938/impulse-control-and-related-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Daniel Weintraub, Daniel O Claassen
Impulse control disorders (ICDs), such as compulsive gambling, buying, sexual, and eating behaviors, are a serious and increasingly recognized complication in Parkinson's disease (PD), occurring in up to 20% of PD patients over the course of their illness. Related behaviors include punding (stereotyped, repetitive, purposeless behaviors), dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS) (compulsive medication overuse), and hobbyism (e.g., compulsive internet use, artistic endeavors, and writing). These disorders have a significant impact on quality of life and function, strain interpersonal relationships, and worsen caregiver burden, and are associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
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