keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Compulsions

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222886/salivary-cariogenic-bacteria-counts-are-associated-with-obesity-in-student-women-at-a-malaysian-university
#1
Wey-Zheng Yeo, Sheng-Pei Lim, Yee-How Say
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The counts of cariogenic bacteria lactobacilli and mutans streptococci have been studied and correlated with sugar intake. This study was to investigate the association between salivary lactobacilli and mutans streptococci counts with sweet food eating behavior and sweet sensitivity among 120 Malaysian women (101 ethnic Chinese, 19 ethnic Indians), while taking into account anthropometric and menstruation variables. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Demographics, anthropometric measurements and menstrual history were taken...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220783/a-study-to-compare-the-differences-between-genders-in-psychiatric-comorbidities-in-individuals-with-psychoses
#2
Praveen Das, Priya Sreedaran, Ashok Mv
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric comorbidities worsen the outcome and increase severity of suffering in psychotic disorders. Gender differences have also been found to impact the severity and outcome in psychoses. In this background, this study attempted to compare psychiatric comorbidity between genders. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim was to compare psychiatric co-morbidity between men and women with psychotic disorders. METHODOLOGY: A descriptive cross sectional study design was used...
November 29, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220586/co-occurring-psychosocial-problems-and-multiple-sexual-partners-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-shanghai-china-a-syndemic-approach
#3
Zezhou Wang, Xu Zhao, Zhan Zhang, Mengyun Luo, Qiuming Shen, Yuanyuan Dong, Ying Wang, Yong Cai
We aimed to apply syndemic theory to verify the association and reinforcing effects between psychosocial problems and multiple sexual partners (MSP) of men who have sex with men (MSM) in Shanghai, China. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 547 MSM in Shanghai, China using a face-to-face survey. Sociodemographic and psychosocial data were collected, as well as information on MSP and condomless anal sex. In the 6 months prior to the survey, 54.3% of the MSM sample had had MSP. Univariate analysis showed that self-esteem, depression, loneliness, sexual compulsivity, and involuntary subordination (IS) were associated with MSP...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217994/local-fields-in-human-subthalamic-nucleus-track-the-lead-up-to-impulsive-choices
#4
John M Pearson, Patrick T Hickey, Shivanand P Lad, Michael L Platt, Dennis A Turner
The ability to adaptively minimize not only motor but cognitive symptoms of neurological diseases, such as Parkinson's Disease (PD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), is a primary goal of next-generation deep brain stimulation (DBS) devices. On the basis of studies demonstrating a link between beta-band synchronization and severity of motor symptoms in PD, the minimization of beta band activity has been proposed as a potential training target for closed-loop DBS. At present, no comparable signal is known for the impulsive side effects of PD, though multiple studies have implicated theta band activity within the subthalamic nucleus (STN), the site of DBS treatment, in processes of conflict monitoring and countermanding...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217282/atypical-dopamine-transporter-inhibitors-attenuate-compulsive-like-methamphetamine-self-administration-in-rats
#5
Brendan J Tunstall, Chelsea P Ho, Jianjing Cao, Janaína C M Vendruscolo, Brooke E Schmeichel, Rachel D Slack, Gianluigi Tanda, Alexandra J Gadiano, Rana Rais, Barbara S Slusher, George F Koob, Amy H Newman, Leandro F Vendruscolo
Methamphetamine (METH) is a highly addictive drug, but no pharmacological treatment is yet available for METH use disorders. Similar to METH, the wake-promoting drug (R)-modafinil (R-MOD) binds to the dopamine transporter (DAT). Unlike METH, R-MOD is not a substrate for transport by DAT and has low abuse potential. We tested the hypothesis that the atypical DAT inhibitor R-MOD and compounds that are derived from Modafinil would decrease METH intake by reducing the actions of METH at the DAT. We tested the effects of systemic injections of R-MOD and four novel Modafinil-derived ligands with increased DAT affinity (JJC8-016, JJC8-088, JJC8-089, and JJC8-091) on intravenous (i...
December 4, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216747/factor-structure-and-further-validation-of-the-20-item-short-form-of-the-obsessive-beliefs-questionnaire
#6
Thomas A Fergus, Shawn J Latendresse, Kevin D Wu
A 44-item version of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ-44) put forward by the Obsessive Compulsive Cognitions Working Group remains the most widely used version of the OBQ, despite research casting doubt on its factorial validity and the existence of a short form (i.e., OBQ-20). In a large sample of undergraduate students ( n = 1,210), a bifactor model of the OBQ-20, consisting of a general factor and four specific factors (threat, responsibility, importance/control of thoughts, perfectionism/certainty), was supported as the best-fitting model...
December 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215777/atypical-anorexia-nervosa-is-not-related-to-brain-structural-changes-in-newly-diagnosed-adolescent-patients
#7
Gaia Olivo, Linda Solstrand Dahlberg, Lyle Wiemerslage, Ingemar Swenne, Christina Zhukovsky, Helena Salonen-Ros, Elna-Marie Larsson, Santino Gaudio, Samantha J Brooks, Helgi B Schiöth
OBJECTIVE: Patients with atypical anorexia nervosa (AN) have many features overlapping with AN in terms of genetic risk, age of onset, psychopathology and prognosis of outcome, although the weight loss may not be a core factor. While brain structural alterations have been reported in AN, there are currently no data regarding atypical AN patients. METHOD: We investigated brain structure through a voxel-based morphometry analysis in 22 adolescent females newly-diagnosed with atypical AN, and 38 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HC)...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215743/driven-exercise-in-the-absence-of-binge-eating-implications-for-purging-disorder
#8
Janet A Lydecker, Megan Shea, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: Purging disorder (PD) is characterized by recurrent purging without objectively large binge-eating episodes. PD has received relatively little attention, and questions remain about the clinical significance of "purging" by exercise that is driven or compulsive (i.e., as extreme compensatory or weight-control behavior). The little available research suggests that individuals who use exercise as a compensatory behavior might have less eating-disorder psychopathology than those who purge by vomiting or laxatives, but those studies have had smaller sample sizes, defined PD using low-frequency thresholds, and defined exercise without weight-compensatory or driven elements...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214602/peromyscus-maniculatus-bairdii-as-a-naturalistic-mammalian-model-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-current-status-and-future-challenges
#9
De Wet Wolmarans, Isabella M Scheepers, Dan J Stein, Brian H Harvey
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a prevalent and debilitating condition, characterized by intrusive thoughts and repetitive behavior. Animal models of OCD arguably have the potential to contribute to our understanding of the condition. Deer mice (Permomyscus maniculatus bairdii) are characterized by stereotypic behavior which is reminiscent of OCD symptomology, and which may serve as a naturalistic animal model of this disorder. Moreover, a range of deer mouse repetitive behaviors may be representative of different compulsive-like phenotypes...
December 6, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213280/subthreshold-psychiatric-psychopathology-in-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-can-it-be-the-bridge-between-gastroenterology-and-psychiatry
#10
Cristina Stasi, Cristiana Nisita, Sonia Cortopassi, Giorgio Corretti, Dario Gambaccini, Nicola De Bortoli, Bernardo Fani, Natalia Simonetti, Angelo Ricchiuti, Liliana Dell'Osso, Santino Marchi, Massimo Bellini
Background and Aims: Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGDs) are multifactorial disorders of the gut-brain interaction. This study investigated the prevalence of Axis I and spectrum disorders in patients with FGD and established the link between FGDs and psychopathological dimensions. Methods: A total of 135 consecutive patients with FGD were enrolled. The symptoms' severity was evaluated using questionnaires, while the psychiatric evaluation by clinical interviews established the presence/absence of mental (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-4th edition, Axis I Diagnosis) or spectrum disorders...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210866/abrupt-improvement-in-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-upon-discontinuation-of-clozapine
#11
Lindsay-Rose Dykema
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210194/error-related-brain-activity-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Tamara E Rosen, Matthew D Lerner
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often experience symptoms associated with generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and social anxiety disorder. In other populations, these same symptoms are associated with a larger error-related negativity (ERN), an event-related potential that reflects endogenous threat sensitivity. As such, it is possible that the ERN may relate to the clinical presentation of anxiety in ASD. However, studies examining these associations in youth with ASD have yielded mixed results...
December 6, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210107/higher-serotonin-transporter-availability-in-early-onset-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-patients-undergoing-escitalopram-treatment-a-11-c-dasb-pet-study
#13
Junhee Lee, Bo-Hyung Kim, Euitae Kim, Oliver D Howes, Kang Ik Kevin Cho, Youngwoo Bryan Yoon, Jun Soo Kwon
OBJECTIVE: Early-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder (EOCD) and late-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder (LOCD) are distinct subtypes of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). OCD patients are treated with serotonin reuptake inhibitors, but the difference in serotonin transporter (SERT) availability between medicated EOCD and LOCD is unexplored yet. METHODS: Six EOCD and 6 LOCD patients were enrolled. They underwent serial [11 C]DASB positron emission tomography scans during maintenance therapy with escitalopram, and their plasma concentration of escitalopram was measured simultaneously with the scan...
December 6, 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206483/positron-emission-tomography-in-parkinson-s-disease-insights-into-impulsivity
#14
Adam J Stark, Daniel O Claassen
This study reviews previous studies that employ positron emission tomography (PET) imaging assessments in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with and without Impulsive Compulsive Behaviours (ICB). This begins with a summary of the potential benefits and limitations of commonly utilized ligands, specifically D2/3 receptor and dopamine transporter ligands. Since previous findings emphasize the role of the ventral striatum in the manifestation of ICBs, this study attempts to relate these imaging findings to changes in behaviour, especially emphasizing work performed in substance abuse and addiction...
December 5, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203850/polygenic-prediction-of-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms
#15
N R Zilhão, A Abdellaoui, D J A Smit, D C Cath, J J Hottenga, D I Boomsma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203843/bisexuality-among-a-cohort-of-university-students-prevalence-and-psychological-distress
#16
Giacomo Ciocca, Caterina Solano, Giorgio Di Lorenzo, Erika Limoncin, Daniele Mollaioli, Eleonora Carosa, Alberto Collazzoni, Emiliano Santarnecchi, Emanuela Bianciardi, Cinzia Niolu, Alberto Siracusano, Alessandro Rossi, Emmanuele A Jannini
Sociocultural prejudices and pressures may impair the mental health of bisexual people. We aim to evaluate psychological status according to sexual orientation in a sample of Italian university students, with specific attention to bisexuality and its frequency. Among a recruited sample of 551 university students, we found the following percentages for sexual orientation: heterosexuals 96.9% (n = 534), homosexuals 1.1% (n = 6), bisexuals 2% (n = 11). The cross-sectional analysis for psychological symptoms, with the Symptoms Check List-90 Revised (SCL-90-R), revealed that bisexual subjects have statistically significant higher scores on some symptomatic scales compared to heterosexuals...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203423/compulsivity-related-neurocognitive-performance-deficits-in-gambling-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Tim van Timmeren, Joost G Daams, Ruth J van Holst, Anna E Goudriaan
Compulsivity is a core feature of addictive disorders, including gambling disorder. However, it is unclear to what extent this compulsive behavior in gambling disorder is associated with abnormal compulsivity-related neurocognitive functioning. Here, we summarize and synthesize the evidence for compulsive behavior, as assessed by compulsivity-related neurocognitive tasks, in individuals with gambling disorder compared to healthy controls (HCs). A total of 29 studies, comprising 41 task-results, were included in the systematic review; 32 datasets (n=1,072 individuals with gambling disorder; n=1,312 HCs) were also included in the meta-analyses, conducted for each cognitive task separately...
December 1, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202385/sensory-over-responsivity-in-trichotillomania-hair-pulling-disorder
#18
Martha J Falkenstein, Christine A Conelea, Lauryn E Garner, David A F Haaga
OBJECTIVE: This study was an initial investigation of sensory-over responsivity (SOR) to external sensations among individuals with trichotillomania (TTM). METHODS: Adults endorsing DSM-5 TTM criteria (N = 609) and a non-affected comparison sample (N = 268) completed a self-report survey. RESULTS: The majority of the TTM group endorsed SOR symptoms; three-quarters endorsed at least mild tactile and auditory SOR. About 15% endorsed SOR symptoms in the severe to extreme range...
November 16, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201132/a-multilevel-longitudinal-study-of-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-adolescence-male-gender-and-emotional-stability-as-protective-factors
#19
Vasilis Stavropoulos, Kathleen A Moore, Helen Lazaratou, Dimitris Dikaios, Rapson Gomez
The severity of obsessive compulsive symptoms (OCS) is suggested to be normally distributed in the general population, and they appear to have an impact on a range of aspects of adolescent development. Importantly, there are individual differences regarding susceptibility to OCS. In the present repeated measures study, OCS were studied in relation to gender and emotional stability (as a personality trait) using a normative sample of 515 adolescents at ages 16 and 18 years. OCS were assessed with the relevant subscale of the SCL-90-R and emotional stability with the Five Factor Questionnaire...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201116/fluoxetine-regulates-ig-kappa-chain-c-region-expression-levels-in-the-serum-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-patients-a-proteomic-approach
#20
Mona Zamanian Azodi, Mostafa Rezaei Tavirani, Afsaneh Arefi Oskouie, Mostafa Hamdieh, Mohammad Kamran Derakhshan, Alireza Ahmadzadeh, Farid Zayeri, Naser Nejadi, Majid Rezaei Tavirani, Vahid Mansouri, Mohammad Rostami-Nejad, Reza Vafaee
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is one of the most common mental conditions. Proteome profiling may help identifying important proteins and finally shed lights to complexity of OCD underlying mechanisms. Here, by the application gel-based proteomic approach the proteome profile of patients with washing subtype of OCD before and after treatment with Fluoxetine (positive responders) are compared to healthy matched controls. However, only one of the differentially expressed proteins is examined and introduced in this paper...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
keyword
keyword
56803
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"