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Social determinants of health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684581/modernizing-training-on-social-determinants-of-health-a-virtual-tour-of-an-impoverished-neighborhood-proves-non-inferior-to-an-in-person-experience
#1
Margot A Lazow, Francis J Real, Nicholas J Ollberding, David Davis, Bradley Cruse, Melissa D Klein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684223/socioeconomic-disadvantage-across-the-life-course-and-oral-health-in-older-age-findings-from-a-longitudinal-study-of-older-british-men
#2
Sheena E Ramsay, Efstathios Papachristou, Richard G Watt, Lucy T Lennon, A Olia Papacosta, Peter H Whincup, S Goya Wannamethee
Background: The influence of life-course socioeconomic disadvantage on oral health at older ages is not well-established. We examined the influence of socioeconomic factors in childhood, middle-age and older age on oral health at older ages, and tested conceptual life-course models (sensitive period, accumulation of risk, social mobility) to determine which best described observed associations. Methods: A representative cohort of British men aged 71-92 in 2010-12 included socioeconomic factors in childhood, middle-age and older age...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684128/understanding-australian-policies-on-public-health-using-social-and-political-science-theories-reflections-from-an-academy-of-the-social-sciences-in-australia-workshop
#3
Fran Baum, Adam Graycar, Toni Delany-Crowe, Evelyne de Leeuw, Carol Bacchi, Jennie Popay, Lionel Orchard, Hal Colebatch, Sharon Friel, Colin MacDougall, Elizabeth Harris, Angela Lawless, Dennis McDermott, Matthew Fisher, Patrick Harris, Clare Phillips, Jane Fitzgerald
There is strong, and growing, evidence documenting health inequities across the world. However, most governments do not prioritize policies to encourage action on the social determinants of health and health equity. Furthermore, despite evidence concerning the benefits of joined-up, intersectoral policy to promote health and health equity, it is rare for such policy approaches to be applied systematically. To examine the usefulness of political and social science theory in understanding the reasons for this disjuncture between evidence and practice, researchers and public servants gathered in Adelaide for an Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia (ASSA) Workshop...
April 19, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681323/the-role-of-social-and-interpersonal-factors-in-placebo-analgesia
#4
Elizabeth A Necka, Lauren Y Atlas
Placebo effects are beneficial clinical outcomes that emerge as a result of nonspecific contextual factors, transmitted primarily by the treating physician and the social, physical, and behavioral cues he or she displays. The patient-provider therapeutic alliance is critical for determining placebo effects and health outcomes. In this chapter, we review the recent literature, suggesting that provider social characteristics modulate placebo and clinical outcomes. We highlight the importance of studying not only the provider but also the patient's perception of the provider, which is subject to the influence of the patient's psychosocial orientation, such as their psychosocial motivations and perceptions of their interpersonal relationships broadly...
2018: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681143/alcohol-consumption-and-sexual-risk-behaviour-among-jamaican-adolescents
#5
Chinwendu F Agu, Daniel C Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Tania Rae, Sarah N Oshi, Tana Ricketts-Roomes, Ijeoma A Meka, Joy Harrison, Uche Dimkpa, Steve Weaver
Alcohol consumption has significant health, social and economic implications. Alcohol is the most prevalent psychoactive substance used by Jamaican adolescents. The aim of this study was to determine whether alcohol is associated with sexual risk behaviour among Jamaican adolescents. Methods: The data from National Secondary School Survey (NSS) conducted in 2013 was analysed. Descriptive statistics consisting of frequencies, percentages and Pearson’s Chi square was done. Multivariate analysis was done using binary logistic regression...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680729/oxytocin-receptor-gene-oxtr-variant-rs1042778-moderates-the-influence-of-family-environment-on-changes-in-perceived-social-support-over-time
#6
Henrik Dobewall, Christian Hakulinen, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Ilkka Seppälä, Terho Lehtimäki, Olli T Raitakari, Mirka Hintsanen
BACKGROUND: Lack of social support is an established risk factor across health outcomes, making it important to examine its family environmental and genetic determinants. METHODS: In a 27-year follow-up of the Young Finns Study (N = 2341), we examined with a latent growth curve model whether genes involved in the oxytocin signaling pathway-namely, oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) variants rs1042778, rs2254298, and rs53576-moderate the effect of early-life social experiences on perceived social support across the life span...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679792/metacognitive-self-reflectivity-moderates-the-relationship-between-distress-tolerance-and-empathy-in-schizophrenia
#7
Kelsey A Bonfils, Kyle S Minor, Bethany L Leonhardt, Paul H Lysaker
Deficits in empathy seen in schizophrenia are thought to play a major role in the social dysfunction seen in the disorder. However, little work has investigated potential determinants of empathic deficits. This study aimed to fill that gap by examining the effects of two variables on empathy - distress tolerance and metacognitive self-reflectivity. Fifty-four people with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders receiving services at an urban VA or community mental health center were assessed for empathy, metacognition, and distress tolerance...
April 13, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679403/nature-and-scope-of-certified-nurse-midwifery-practice-in-one-large-state-in-the-united-states
#8
Marie Hastings-Tolsma, Sarah Wilcox Foster, Mary C Brucker, Priscilla Nodine, Rebecca Burpo, Barbara Camune, Jackie Griggs, Tiffany J Callahan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the nature and scope of nurse-midwifery practice in Texas and to determine legislative priorities and practice barriers. BACKGROUND: Across the globe, midwives are the largest group of maternity care providers despite little known about midwifery practice. With a looming shortage of midwives, there is a pressing need to understand midwives' work environment and scope of practice. DESIGN: Mixed methods research utilizing prospective descriptive survey and interview...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678980/health-related-quality-of-life-in-asian-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review
#9
Peh Joo Ho, Sofie A M Gernaat, Mikael Hartman, Helena M Verkooijen
OBJECTIVE: To summarise the evidence on determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in Asian patients with breast cancer. DESIGN: Systematic review conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations and registered with PROSPERO (CRD42015032468). METHODS: According to the PRISMA guidelines, databases of MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase and PsycINFO were systematically searched using the following terms and synonyms: breast cancer, quality of life and Asia...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678973/involving-the-public-in-epidemiological-public-health-research-a-qualitative-study-of-public-and-stakeholder-involvement-in-evaluation-of-a-population-wide-natural-policy-experiment
#10
Rachel Anderson de Cuevas, Lotta Nylén, Bo Burström, Margaret Whitehead
BACKGROUND: Public involvement in research is considered good practice by European funders; however, evidence of its research impact is sparse, particularly in relation to large-scale epidemiological research. OBJECTIVES: To explore what difference public and stakeholder involvement made to the interpretation of findings from an evaluation of a natural policy experiment to influence the wider social determinants of health: 'Flexicurity'. SETTING: Stockholm County, Sweden...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678807/digital-inequalities-in-the-use-of-self-tracking-diet-and-fitness-apps-interview-study-on-the-influence-of-social-economic-and-cultural-factors
#11
Faustine Régnier, Louis Chauvel
BACKGROUND: Digital devices are driving economic and social transformations, but assessing the uses, perceptions, and impact of these new technologies on diet and physical activity remains a major societal challenge. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine under which social, economic, and cultural conditions individuals in France were more likely to be actively invested in the use of self-tracking diet and fitness apps for better health behaviors. METHODS: Existing users of 3 diet and fitness self-tracking apps (Weight Watchers, MyFitnessPal, and sport apps) were recruited from 3 regions of France...
April 20, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678176/prenatal-and-early-life-diesel-exhaust-exposure-causes-autism-like-behavioral-changes-in-mice
#12
Yu-Chi Chang, Toby B Cole, Lucio G Costa
BACKGROUND: Escalating prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in recent decades has triggered increasing efforts in understanding roles played by environmental risk factors as a way to address this widespread public health concern. Several epidemiological studies show associations between developmental exposure to traffic-related air pollution and increased ASD risk. In rodent models, a limited number of studies have shown that developmental exposure to ambient ultrafine particulates or diesel exhaust (DE) can result in behavioral phenotypes consistent with mild ASD...
April 20, 2018: Particle and Fibre Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678155/a-stepped-wedge-implementation-and-evaluation-of-the-healthy-active-peaceful-playgrounds-for-youth-happy-intervention
#13
Dean Dudley, Wayne Cotton, Louisa Peralta, Matthew Winslade
BACKGROUND: Increasing physical activity in children is a health priority. The Healthy Active Peaceful Playgrounds for Youth (HAPPY) study aimed to examine a multi-component playground intervention designed to increase the proportion of physical activity during recess and lunch of primary school students. METHODS: The 2016 Australian focused HAPPY Study was a 12-month, metropolitan primary school based intervention, which was evaluated using a stepped wedge design...
April 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678066/older-adults-co-creating-meaningful-individualized-social-activities-online-for-healthy-ageing
#14
Madeleine Blusi, Ingeborg Nilsson, Helena Lindgren
Social isolation and loneliness among older people is a growing problem with negative effects on physical and mental health. In co-creation with older adults individualized social activities were designed where older adults through computer mediated communication were able to participate in social activities without leaving their homes. Four types of activities were designed; outdoor activity, music event, visiting a friend and leisure activity. A participatory action research design was applied, where end users together with scientists from two research fields developed, tested and evaluated online participation in the activities...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677948/nursing-professional-curiosity-and-big-data-cocreating-ehealth
#15
Paula M Procter, Marisa L Wilson
This paper describes work that has taken place over the past three years in the form of an annual deep dive study track within a national conference setting. The work explores the changing influence that big data, and in particular population and social determinants of health data, makes upon the generation of co-created eHealth within a nursing domain. Working with delegates, many of whom returned year after year, the paper reports the discussion themes and ideas that evolved over time. The paper is presented as an example of connected reasoning and personal development by all those involved and is offered as a distributed think tank for further discussion and debate...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677265/addressing-social-determinants-to-improve-patient-care-and-promote-health-equity-an-american-college-of-physicians-position-paper
#16
Hilary Daniel, Sue S Bornstein, Gregory C Kane
Social determinants of health are nonmedical factors that can affect a person's overall health and health outcomes. Where a person is born and the social conditions they are born into can affect their risk factors for premature death and their life expectancy. In this position paper, the American College of Physicians acknowledges the role of social determinants in health, examines the complexities associated with them, and offers recommendations on better integration of social determinants into the health care system while highlighting the need to address systemic issues hindering health equity...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677027/surgery-complications-and-quality-of-life-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-exploring-the-role-of-psychosocial-factors
#17
Stephanie Archer, Anna Pinto, Sabine Vuik, Colin Bicknell, Omar Faiz, Ben Byrne, Maximilian Johnston, Petros Skapinakis, Thanos Athanasiou, Charles Vincent, Ara Darzi
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether psychosocial factors moderate the relationship between surgical complications and quality of life (QoL). BACKGROUND: Patients who experience surgical complications have significantly worse postoperative QoL than patients with an uncomplicated recovery. Psychosocial factors, such as coping style and level of social support influence how people deal with stressful events, but it is unclear whether they affect QoL following a surgical complication...
April 19, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676527/undergraduate-nursing-assistant-employment-in-aged-care-has-benefits-for-new-graduates
#18
Maricris Algoso, Lucie Ramjan, Leah East, Kath Peters
AIMS: To determine how undergraduate assistant in nursing employment in aged care helps to prepare new graduates for clinical work as a registered nurse. BACKGROUND: The amount and quality of clinical experience afforded by university programs has been the subject of constant debate in the nursing profession. New graduate nurses are often deemed inadequately prepared for clinical practice and so many nursing students seek employment as assistants in nursing whilst studying to increase their clinical experience...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676344/histopathological-pattern-of-thyroid-diseases-in-zaria-a-10-year-review
#19
Nasiru Raheem, Saad A Ahmed, Modupeola Oa Samaila
Context: Majority of the previous studies on thyroid diseases in Northern Nigeria focussed mainly on neoplastic lesions. The non-neoplastic lesions are more common and constitute more public health burdens. Aim: To determine the histopathological pattern of thyroid diseases in our region and compare our findings with similar studies in Nigeria and elsewhere. Settings and Design: This is a retrospective study carried out at the Department of Pathology, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, from January 2005 to December 2014 using specified criteria...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676225/post-stroke-social-networks-depressive-symptoms-and-disability-in-tanzania-a-prospective-study
#20
Altaf Saadi, Kigocha Okeng'o, Maijo R Biseko, Agness F Shayo, Theoflo N Mmbando, Sara J Grundy, Ai Xu, Robert A Parker, Leah Wibecan, Geetha Iyer, Peter M Onesmo, Boniphace N Kapina, Robert W Regenhardt, Farrah J Mateen
Background Evidence suggests that social networks improve functional recovery after stroke, but this work has not been extended to low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Post-stroke depression interferes with functional outcome but is understudied in LMICs. Aims To determine the relationships between social networks, disability, and depressive symptoms in patients surviving 90-days post-stroke in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Methods Participants ≥ 18 years, admitted ≤ 14 days of stroke onset, were enrolled...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
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