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Social determinants of health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911002/what-is-quality-of-life-and-how-do-we-measure-it-relevance-to-parkinson-s-disease-and-movement-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Pablo Martinez-Martin
Health-related quality of life is a patient-reported outcome that complements clinical evaluation and provides information about disease activity and effects of the treatment. The objective of this review is to present the conceptual framework, the measures, and some of their most relevant applications in the field of Parkinson's disease and movement disorders. Health-related quality of life is a subjective, individual, and multidimensional construct, and its main dimensions are physical, mental, and social, besides global perceptions of health and personal domains...
December 2, 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906154/-factors-associated-with-overweight-and-obesity-in-schoolchildren-from-8-to-9-years-old-barcelona-spain
#2
Francesca Sánchez-Martínez, Peter Torres Capcha, Gemma Serral Cano, Sara Valmayor Safont, Conxa Castell Abat, Carles Ariza Cardenal
OBJECTIVE: Childhood overweight and obesity have increased progressively in the last decades, especially in countries of Southern Europe. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of overweight, obesity and its determinants in schoolchildren between 8-9 years old from Barcelona. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of 3,262 schoolchildren in 2011. Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated following the criteria established by the World Health Organization (z-scores)...
December 2, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904239/student-and-preceptor-experiences-at-an-inter-professional-student-run-clinic-a-physical-therapy-perspective
#3
Andrea Passmore, Corey Persic, Drew Countryman, Laura Rankine, Meghan Henderson, Tina Hu, Joyce Nyhof-Young, Cheryl Cott
Purpose: Student-run clinics (SRCs) provide a unique opportunity for inter-professional education; they prepare health care students for a collaborative future by enabling them to interact with other such students in a clinical setting focused on inter-professional learning and collaboration. Physical therapy (PT) students are increasingly being included in SRCs; however, most research on student experiences in SRCs has been carried out with medical students. This qualitative study explores the perceived benefits of the PT experience in an SRC through the lens of PT students and their preceptors...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903310/the-determinants-of-food-choice
#4
Gareth Leng, Roger A H Adan, Michele Belot, Jeffrey M Brunstrom, Kees de Graaf, Suzanne L Dickson, Todd Hare, Silvia Maier, John Menzies, Hubert Preissl, Lucia A Reisch, Peter J Rogers, Paul A M Smeets
Health nudge interventions to steer people into healthier lifestyles are increasingly applied by governments worldwide, and it is natural to look to such approaches to improve health by altering what people choose to eat. However, to produce policy recommendations that are likely to be effective, we need to be able to make valid predictions about the consequences of proposed interventions, and for this, we need a better understanding of the determinants of food choice. These determinants include dietary components (e...
December 1, 2016: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903305/priorities-and-needs-for-research-on-urban-interventions-targeting-vector-borne-diseases-rapid-review-of-scoping-and-systematic-reviews
#5
EDITORIAL
Clara Bermudez-Tamayo, Olive Mukamana, Mabel Carabali, Lyda Osorio, Florence Fournet, Kounbobr Roch Dabiré, Celina Turchi Marteli, Adolfo Contreras, Valéry Ridde
This paper highlights the critical importance of evidence on vector-borne diseases (VBD) prevention and control interventions in urban settings when assessing current and future needs, with a view to setting policy priorities that promote inclusive and equitable urban health services. Research should produce knowledge about policies and interventions that are intended to control and prevent VBDs at the population level and to reduce inequities. Such interventions include policy, program, and resource distribution approaches that address the social determinants of health and exert influence at organizational and system levels...
December 1, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903138/partnerships-between-health-care-and-legal-providers-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#6
Jack Tsai, Margaret Middleton, Randye Retkin, Cindy Johnson, Kevin Kenneally, Scott Sherman, Robert A Rosenheck
Medical-legal partnerships (MLPs) represent an innovative service model in which lawyers are integrated into health care teams to address diverse legal problems that affect vulnerable populations. The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) operates the largest safety-net health care system in the country and serves many low-income and disabled veterans who could benefit from MLP services. In this column, the authors describe the development and operations of MLPs at four VHA medical centers that serve veterans who are homeless or who have serious mental illness...
December 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902832/association-of-irritability-and-anxiety-with-the-neural-mechanisms-of-implicit-face-emotion-processing-in-youths-with-psychopathology
#7
Joel Stoddard, Wan-Ling Tseng, Pilyoung Kim, Gang Chen, Jennifer Yi, Laura Donahue, Melissa A Brotman, Kenneth E Towbin, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft
Importance: Psychiatric comorbidity complicates clinical care and confounds efforts to elucidate the pathophysiology of commonly occurring symptoms in youths. To our knowledge, few studies have simultaneously assessed the effect of 2 continuously distributed traits on brain-behavior relationships in children with psychopathology. Objective: To determine shared and unique effects of 2 major dimensions of child psychopathology, irritability and anxiety, on neural responses to facial emotions during functional magnetic resonance imaging...
November 30, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902741/factors-associated-with-breastfeeding-initiation-a-comparison-between-france-and-french-speaking-canada
#8
Lisa-Christine Girard, Sylvana M Côté, Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain, Lise Dubois, Bruno Falissard, Anne Forhan, Orla Doyle, Jonathan Y Bernard, Barbara Heude, Marie-Josephe Saurel-Cubizolles, Monique Kaminski, Michel Boivin, Richard E Tremblay
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with multiple domains of health for both mothers and children. Nevertheless, breastfeeding initiation is low within certain developed countries. Furthermore, comparative studies of initiation rates using harmonised data across multiple regions is scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate and compare individual-level determinants of breastfeeding initiation using two French-speaking cohorts. METHODS: Participants included ~ 3,900 mothers enrolled in two cohort studies in Canada and France...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902562/enhancing-themes-and-strengths-assessment-leveraging-academic-led-qualitative-inquiry-in-community-health-assessment-to-uncover-roots-of-community-health-inequities
#9
Jennifer Hebert-Beirne, Jennifer K Felner, Yvette Castañeda, Sheri Cohen
CONTEXT: Rigorous qualitative research can enhance local health departments' efforts to gain a deeper insight into residents' perceived community health inequities necessary for productive community health assessments (CHAs) and community health improvement plans (CHIPs). OBJECTIVE: The Chicago Department of Public Health and the Partnership for Healthy Chicago used the National Association of County & City Health Officials' Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) model to conduct its CHA/CHIP, Healthy Chicago 2...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899797/social-media-knowledge-translation-and-action-on-the-social-determinants-of-health-and-health-equity-a-survey-of-public-health-practices
#10
Sume Ndumbe-Eyoh, Agnes Mazzucco
The growth of social media presents opportunities for public health to increase its influence and impact on the social determinants of health and health equity. The National Collaborating Centre for Determinants of Health at St. Francis Xavier University conducted a survey during the first half of 2016 to assess how public health used social media for knowledge translation, relationship building, and specific public health roles to advance health equity. Respondents reported that social media had an important role in public health...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899794/the-impact-of-digital-technology-on-health-of-populations-affected-by-humanitarian-crises-recent-innovations-and-current-gaps
#11
Sandra Mesmar, Reem Talhouk, Chaza Akik, Patrick Olivier, Imad H Elhajj, Shady Elbassuoni, Sarah Armoush, Joumana Kalot, Madeline Balaam, Aline Germani, Hala Ghattas
Digital technology is increasingly used in humanitarian action and promises to improve the health and social well-being of populations affected by both acute and protracted crises. We set out to (1) review the current landscape of digital technologies used by humanitarian actors and affected populations, (2) examine their impact on health and well-being of affected populations, and (3) consider the opportunities for and challenges faced by users of these technologies. Through a systematic search of academic databases and reports, we identified 50 digital technologies used by humanitarian actors, and/or populations affected by crises...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899099/public-awareness-of-the-link-between-alcohol-and-cancer-in-england-in-2015-a-population-based-survey
#12
Penny Buykx, Jessica Li, Lucy Gavens, Lucie Hooper, Melanie Lovatt, Elena Gomes de Matos, Petra Meier, John Holmes
BACKGROUND: Public knowledge of the association between alcohol and cancer is reported to be low. We aimed to provide up-to-date evidence for England regarding awareness of the link between alcohol and different cancers and to determine whether awareness differs by demographic characteristics, alcohol use, and geographic region. METHODS: A representative sample of 2100 adults completed an online survey in July 2015. Respondents were asked to identify which health outcomes, including specific cancers, may be caused by alcohol consumption...
November 30, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896237/negative-religious-coping-positive-religious-coping-and-quality-of-life-among-hemodialysis-patients
#13
Zahra Taheri-Kharameh, Hadi Zamanian, Ali Montazeri, Azadeh Asgarian, Roya Esbiri
BACKGROUND: Religious coping is known as a main resource influencing how individuals cope with the complications and stressors of chronic disease. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between religious coping and quality of life among hemodialysis patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Qom, Iran, from June 2012 to July 2013. Ninety-five end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing hemodialysis were selected via the convenience sampling method...
November 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896045/barriers-to-physical-activity-as-moderators-of-intervention-effects
#14
Michael E Schoeny, Louis Fogg, Susan W Buchholz, Arlene Miller, JoEllen Wilbur
The impact of interventions to increase physical activity (PA) may vary as a function of participants' barriers to PA. The aim of this paper is to determine whether individual barriers (demographic, physical health, psychological health, neighborhood factors, perceived barriers to PA, social support for PA) moderate treatment effects on increases in PA. Three treatment conditions tested the relative efficacy of a group-based PA intervention alone or supplemented by either personal or automated phone calls made between group meetings...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895065/social-determinants-and-maternal-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-of-obstetric-patients-with-severe-maternal-morbidity-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Angela Taft, Susan McDonald, Wendy Pollock, Joel Christian Roque Henriquez
INTRODUCTION: Maternal mortality is a potentially preventable public health issue. Maternal morbidity is increasingly of interest to aid the reduction of maternal mortality. Obstetric patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) are an important part of the global burden of maternal morbidity. Social determinants influence health outcomes of pregnant women. Additionally, intimate partner violence has a great negative impact on women's health and pregnancy outcome. However, little is known about the contextual and social aspects of obstetric patients treated in the ICU...
November 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894320/successful-malaria-elimination-in-the-ecuador-peru-border-region-epidemiology-and-lessons-learned
#16
Lyndsay K Krisher, Jesse Krisher, Mariano Ambuludi, Ana Arichabala, Efrain Beltrán-Ayala, Patricia Navarrete, Tania Ordoñez, Mark E Polhemus, Fernando Quintana, Rosemary Rochford, Mercy Silva, Juan Bazo, Anna M Stewart-Ibarra
BACKGROUND: In recent years, malaria (Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum) has been successfully controlled in the Ecuador-Peru coastal border region. The aim of this study was to document this control effort and to identify the best practices and lessons learned that are applicable to malaria control and to other vector-borne diseases. A proximal outcome evaluation was conducted of the robust elimination programme in El Oro Province, Ecuador, and the Tumbes Region, Peru. Data collection efforts included a series of workshops with local public health experts who played central roles in the elimination effort, review of epidemiological records from Ministries of Health, and a review of national policy documents...
November 28, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894287/towards-a-preventive-strategy-for-complaints-of-arm-neck-and-or-shoulder-cans-the-role-of-help-seeking-behaviour
#17
Vivian E J Bruls, Nicole W H Jansen, Rob A de Bie, Caroline H G Bastiaenen, IJmert Kant
BACKGROUND: When developing an effective early preventive strategy for employees and students with CANS (Complaints of Arm, Neck or Shoulder, not caused by acute trauma or systemic disease), insight in help seeking behaviour and knowledge of factors associated with help seeking behaviour within the target population, is a prerequisite. The aim of this study was to examine whether perceived hindrance is associated with help seeking behaviour, specifically in employees and students identified with CANS...
November 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894279/development-of-a-community-s-self-efficacy-scale-for-preventing-social-isolation-among-community-dwelling-older-people-mimamori-scale
#18
Etsuko Tadaka, Ayumi Kono, Eriko Ito, Yukiko Kanaya, Yuka Dai, Yuki Imamatsu, Waka Itoi
BACKGROUND: Among older people in developed countries, social isolation leading to solitary death has become a public health issue of vital importance. Such isolation could be prevented by monitoring at-risk individuals at the neighborhood level and by implementing supportive networks at the community level. However, a means of measuring community confidence in these measures has not been established. This study is aimed at developing the Community's Self-Efficacy Scale (CSES; Mimamori scale in Japanese) for community members preventing social isolation among older people...
November 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894043/treatment-seeking-in-cannabis-dependence-the-role-of-social-cognition
#19
Zoe E Papinczak, Jason P Connor, Gerald F X Feeney, Ross McD Young, Matthew J Gullo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Relatively few cannabis dependent individuals seek treatment and little is known about the determinants of treatment seeking. Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) provides a useful framework for examining human behaviour and motivation which may be helpful in explaining treatment seeking. This study examined the differences in cannabis outcome expectancies and cannabis refusal self-efficacy between treatment seekers and non-treatment seekers with cannabis dependence. DESIGN: Non-treatment seekers were referred to an illicit drug diversion program...
November 14, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894015/examining-associations-between-area-level-spatial-measures-of-housing-with-selected-health-and-wellbeing-behaviours-and-outcomes-in-an-urban-context
#20
Hannah Badland, Sarah Foster, Rebecca Bentley, Carl Higgs, Rebecca Roberts, Christopher Pettit, Billie Giles-Corti
Adequate and affordable housing is a major social determinant of health; yet no work has attempted to conceptually map and spatially test area-level measures of housing with selected health and wellbeing outcomes. Sourcing data from 7,753 adults from Melbourne, Australia, we tested associations between area-level measures of housing density, tenure, and affordability with individual-level measures of neighbourhood safety, community satisfaction, and self-rated health. Compared with the reference groups, the odds of: feeling unsafe was higher for residents living in areas with less affordable housing; community dissatisfaction was ~30% higher in those living in areas with >36% residential properties assigned as rentals, and was significantly higher in the least affordable areas (OR =1...
November 25, 2016: Health & Place
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