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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049674/collaboration-between-acgme-and-aoa-programs-to-enhance-success-in-the-single-accreditation-system-a-process-paper
#1
Amanda K H Weidner, Judith Pauwels, Marcia McGuire, Ardis Davis
Beginning in 2020, all residency programs will be accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). Programs accredited by the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) that do not achieve ACGME pre-accreditation status by 2020 will be forced to close, resulting in loss of graduate medical education slots and affecting the physician workforce locally and nationally. Current ACGME programs are in a position to help consult, support, and learn from local AOA-only programs as they work toward meeting ACGME accreditation requirements, but to date there have been only limited collaborations...
October 19, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048949/discovering-pediatric-asthma-phenotypes-based-on-response-to-controller-medication-using-machine-learning
#2
Mindy K Ross, Jinsung Yoon, Auke van der Schaar, Mihaela van der Schaar
RATIONALE: Pediatric asthma has variable underlying inflammation and symptom control. Approaches to address this heterogeneity such as clustering methods to find phenotypes and predicting outcomes have been investigated. However, clustering based upon the relationship between treatment and clinical outcome has not been performed. Also, machine learning approaches for long-term outcome prediction in pediatric asthma have not been studied in depth. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to use our novel machine learning algorithm, Predictor Pursuit (PP) to discover pediatric asthma phenotypes based on treatment response to different asthma controller medications, to predict outcomes of children with asthma over time, and to identify the most indicative features of asthma control for the discovered pediatric phenotypes...
October 19, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027040/actor-network-theory-and-the-osce-formulating-a-new-research-agenda-for-a-post-psychometric-era
#3
Margaret Bearman, Rola Ajjawi
The Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) is a ubiquitous part of medical education, although there is some debate about its value, particularly around possible impact on learning. Literature and research regarding the OSCE is most often situated within the psychometric or competency discourses of assessment. This paper describes an alternative approach: Actor-network-theory (ANT), a sociomaterial approach to understanding practice and learning. ANT provides a means to productively examine tensions and limitations of the OSCE, in part through extending research to include social relationships and physical objects...
October 12, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970040/-the-private-pediatrician-in-the-clinical-care-pathway-for-children-affected-by-specific-learning-disorders-in-france
#4
T-N Willig, J P Blanc, R Assathiany
The clinical care pathway for children presenting specific learning disorders, including language, motor coordination, and attention disorders is based on different levels of assessment by the professionals involved. In France, a first step of organization was established in 2002 by founding of a network of structures devoted to clinical assessment of complex cases, research, and teaching for the professionals involved. Although this organization proved to contribute an essential service, the demand largely exceeded the availability of access...
September 29, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854072/acclimating-to-the-increase-in-statin-use-in-accountable-care-organizations-based-on-changes-in-quality-measures-a-report-from-the-accountable-care-organization-research-network-services-and-education
#5
Leah Bensimon, Genevieve Hale
The Accountable Care Organization Research Network, Services, and Education (ACORN SEED), founded by faculty members at Nova Southeastern University College of Pharmacy, is a group of pharmacists that provides unique pharmacy services to accountable care organizations (ACOs), patient-centered medical homes, and management services organizations to help maximize shared savings and target medication-related issues, while promoting the pharmacy profession and unique learning experiences for pharmacy students within these settings...
September 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851675/internet-use-and-access-behavior-cyberbullying-and-grooming-results-of-an-investigative-whole-city-survey-of-adolescents
#6
Marco Flavio Michele Vismara, Joseph Toaff, Giuliana Pulvirenti, Chiara Settanni, Emma Colao, Serena Marianna Lavano, Riccardo Cemicetti, David Cotugno, Giuseppe Perrotti, Viviana Meschesi, Roberto Montera, Barbara Zepponi, Umberto Rapetto, Rosa Marotta
BACKGROUND: According to the Digital Agenda for Europe, the way children use the Internet and mobile technologies has changed dramatically in the past years. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to: (1) breakdown the modalities of access and use of the Internet by teenagers to assess risks and risky behaviors; and (2) provide scientific data to evaluate and counsel safe use of the Internet and new technologies by teenagers. METHODS: The study was conducted under the program "Strategies for a Better Internet for Children" started in May 2012 by the European Commission...
August 29, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747207/lessons-learnt-from-the-magnet-malawian-german-hospital-partnership-the-german-perspective-on-contributions-to-patient-care-and-capacity-development
#7
Florian Neuhann, Sandra Barteit
BACKGROUND: Malawi is a low-income country with one of the highest HIV prevalence rates worldwide (Kendig et al., Trop Med Health 41:163-170, 2013). The health system depends largely on external funding. Official German development aid has supported health care in Malawi for many years (German Embassy Lilongwe, The German Development Cooperation in Malawi), including placing medical doctors in various departments of the Kamuzu Central Hospital (KCH) in Lilongwe. In 2008, a hospital partnership called MAGNET (Malawi German Networking for Capacity Building in Treatment, Training and Research at KCH) evolved as part of the German ESTHER network...
July 26, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723811/the-afya-bora-fellowship-an-innovative-program-focused-on-creating-an-interprofessional-network-of-leaders-in-global-health
#8
Wendy M Green, Carey Farquhar, Yohana Mashalla
PROBLEM: Most current health professions education programs are focused on the development of clinical skills. As a result, they may not address the complex and interconnected nature of global health. Trainees require relevant clinical, programmatic, and leadership skills to meet the challenges of practicing in an increasingly globalized environment. APPROACH: To develop health care leaders within sub-Saharan Africa, the Afya Bora Consortium developed a one-year fellowship for medical doctors and nurses...
September 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678103/using-complexity-theory-to-guide-medical-school-evaluations
#9
Christine Jorm, Chris Roberts
Contemporary medical school evaluations are narrow in focus and often do not consider the wider systems implications of the relationship between learning and teaching, research, clinical care, and community engagement. The result is graduates who lack the necessary knowledge and skills for the modern health care system and an educational system that is limited in its ability to learn and change.To address this issue, the authors apply complexity theory to medical school evaluation, using four key factors-nesting, diversity, self-organization, and emergent outcomes...
July 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676492/local-emergency-medical-response-after-a-terrorist-attack-in-norway-a-qualitative-study
#10
Aleidis S Brandrud, Michael Bretthauer, Guttorm Brattebø, May Jb Pedersen, Kent Håpnes, Karin Møller, Trond Bjorge, Bjørnar Nyen, Lars Strauman, Ada Schreiner, Gro S Haldorsen, Maria Bergli, Eugene Nelson, Tamara S Morgan, Per Hjortdahl
INTRODUCTION: On 22 July 2011, Norway suffered a devastating terrorist attack targeting a political youth camp on a remote island. Within a few hours, 35 injured terrorist victims were admitted to the local Ringerike community hospital. All victims survived. The local emergency medical service (EMS), despite limited resources, was evaluated by three external bodies as successful in handling this crisis. This study investigates the determinants for the success of that EMS as a model for quality improvement in healthcare...
July 4, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676144/ixcellence-network%C3%A2-an-international-educational-network-to-improve-current-practice-in-the-management-of-cervical-dystonia-or-spastic-paresis-by-botulinum-toxin-injection
#11
Klemens Fheodoroff, Roongroj Bhidayasiri, Luis Jorge Jacinto, Tae Mo Chung, Kailash Bhatia, Therese Landreau, Carlo Colosimo
Botulinum toxin is a well-established treatment for a number of conditions involving muscle hyperactivity, such as focal dystonia and spastic paresis. However, current injection practice is not standardized and there is a clear need for structured training. An international group of experts in the management of patients with cervical dystonia (CD) and spastic paresis created a steering committee (SC). For each therapeutic area, the SC developed a core slide set on best practice, based on the literature. International sites of expertise were identified for training and courses were designed to include lectures and casebased learning...
April 2017: Functional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640031/identifying-gaps-in-the-performance-of-pediatric-trainees-who-receive-marginal-unsatisfactory-ratings
#12
Su-Ting T Li, Daniel J Tancredi, Alan Schwartz, Ann Guillot, Ann Burke, R Franklin Trimm, Susan Guralnick, John D Mahan, Kimberly A Gifford
PURPOSE: To perform a derivation study to determine in which subcompetencies marginal/unsatisfactory pediatric residents had the greatest deficits compared with their satisfactorily performing peers and which subcompetencies best discriminated between marginal/unsatisfactory and satisfactorily performing residents. METHOD: Multi-institutional cohort study of all 21 milestones (rated on four or five levels) reported to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, and global marginal/unsatisfactory versus satisfactory performance reported to the American Board of Pediatrics...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639489/healthcare-provider-education-to-support-integration-of-pharmacogenomics-in-practice-the-emerge-network-experience
#13
Carolyn R Rohrer Vitek, Noura S Abul-Husn, John J Connolly, Andrea L Hartzler, Terrie Kitchner, Josh F Peterson, Luke V Rasmussen, Maureen E Smith, Sarah Stallings, Marc S Williams, Wendy A Wolf, Cynthia A Prows
Ten organizations within the Electronic Medical Records and Genomics Network developed programs to implement pharmacogenomic sequencing and clinical decision support into clinical settings. Recognizing the importance of informed prescribers, a variety of strategies were used to incorporate provider education to support implementation. Education experiences with pharmacogenomics are described within the context of each organization's prior involvement, including the scope and scale of implementation specific to their Electronic Medical Records and Genomics projects...
June 22, 2017: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584865/the-gender-lens-development-of-a-learning-aid-to-introduce-gender-medicine
#14
Simone Weyers, Anja Vervoorts, Nico Dragano, Miriam Engels
Background and aim: Gender medicine takes into account biological and social differences between men and women in terms of prevalence and course of disease, diagnosis and therapy. Medical students should be made aware of this in the early stages of medical education. However, there is hardly any teaching material currently available. This article presents the adaption and first use of the German "Gender Lens," a tool to introduce gender medicine to medical students. Method: The original Canadian "Gender Lens Tool" was translated into German, tested by (n=5) teachers and adapted based on current scientific concepts...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557947/validity-evidence-from-ratings-of-pediatric-interns-and-subinterns-on-a-subset-of-pediatric-milestones
#15
Teri L Turner, Vasudha L Bhavaraju, Ulana A Luciw-Dubas, Patricia J Hicks, Sara Multerer, Amanda Osta, Jennifer McDonnell, Sue Poynter, Daniel J Schumacher, Rebecca Tenney-Soeiro, Linda Waggoner-Fountain, Alan Schwartz
PURPOSE: To investigate evidence for validity of faculty members' pediatric milestone (PM) ratings of interns (first-year residents) and subinterns (fourth-year medical students) on nine subcompetencies related to readiness to serve as a pediatric intern in the inpatient setting. METHOD: The Association of Pediatric Program Directors Longitudinal Educational Assessment Research Network (APPD LEARN) and the National Board of Medical Examiners collaborated to investigate the utility of assessments of the PMs for trainees' performance...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527481/rethinking-anatomy-how-to-overcome-challenges-of-medical-education-s-evolution
#16
REVIEW
Bruno Guimarães, Luís Dourado, Stanislav Tsisar, José Miguel Diniz, Maria Dulce Madeira, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Due to scientific and technological development, Medical Education has been readjusting its focus and strategies. Medical curriculum has been adopting a vertical integration model, in which basic and clinical sciences coexist during medical instruction. This context favours the introduction of new complementary technology-based pedagogical approaches. Thus, even traditional core sciences of medical curriculum, like Anatomy, are refocusing their teaching/learning paradigm...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516340/social-studying-and-learning-among-medical-students-a%C3%A2-scoping-review
#17
REVIEW
Daniela Keren, Jocelyn Lockyer, Rachel H Ellaway
INTRODUCTION: Medical students study in social groups, which influence their learning, but few studies have investigated the characteristics of study groups and the impacts they have on students' learning. A scoping review was conducted on the topic of informal social studying and learning within medical education with the aim of appraising what is known regarding medical student attitudes to group study, the impact of group study on participants, and the methods that have been employed to study this...
May 17, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508802/knowledge-engineering-as-a-component-of-the-curriculum-for-medical-cybernetists
#18
Sergey Karas, Arthur Konev
According to a new state educational standard, students who have chosen medical cybernetics as their major must develop a knowledge engineering competency. Previously, in the course "Clinical cybernetics" while practicing project-based learning students were designing automated workstations for medical personnel using client-server technology. The purpose of the article is to give insight into the project of a new educational module "Knowledge engineering". Students will acquire expert knowledge by holding interviews and conducting surveys, and then they will formalize it...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498004/a-sequential-implementation-model-for-workforce-development-a-case-study-of-medical-residency-training-for-substance-use-concerns
#19
Patricia S O'Sullivan, Patrick Yuan, Derek D Satre, Maria Wamsley, Jason Satterfield
PROBLEM: In graduate medical education, residency programs are often educationally isolated from each other, with varying needs and patient populations, so strategies are needed when attempting to implement training in evidence-based practices across multiple residencies. INTERVENTION: Using implementation science as a guide, we adapted a community development model to sequentially implement an evidence-based intervention, Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) for alcohol and drug use problems, across internal medicine, pediatrics, emergency medicine, psychiatry, and obstetrics and gynecology residency programs...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468576/a-targeted-rural-postgraduate-education-programme-linking-rural-doctors-across-new-zealand-and-into-the-pacific
#20
Katharina Blattner, Garry Nixon, Marc Gutenstein, Emma Davey
This article describes the University of Otago Rural Postgraduate medical programme, established in 2002 to provide a targeted rural education option for medical practitioners working in rural and remote areas of New Zealand. With both faculty and participants dispersed throughout New Zealand and the Cook Islands embedded in day to day rural clinical practice, this programme uniquely reflects the national and international clinical networks it has been developed to support. It now provides the academic component of two vocational training programmes: the New Zealand Rural Hospital Medicine Training Programme and The Cook Islands General Practice Training Programme...
May 4, 2017: Education for Primary Care
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