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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944730/optimization-of-medication-use-at-accountable-care-organizations
#1
Chrisanne Wilks, Erik Krisle, Kimberly Westrich, Kristina Lunner, David Muhlestein, Robert Dubois
BACKGROUND: Optimized medication use involves the effective use of medications for better outcomes, improved patient experience, and lower costs. Few studies systematically gather data on the actions accountable care organizations (ACOs) have taken to optimize medication use. OBJECTIVES: To (a) assess how ACOs optimize medication use; (b) establish an association between efforts to optimize medication use and achievement on financial and quality metrics; (c) identify organizational factors that correlate with optimized medication use; and (d) identify barriers to optimized medication use...
October 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943830/the-clinical-implications-of-youth-sports-concussion-laws-a-review
#2
Jeneita M Bell, Christina L Master, Michael R Lionbarger
The recent passage of state youth sports concussion laws across the country introduces clinical implications for health care professionals caring for student-athletes. Although the laws were established to provide protections for student-athletes and prevent adverse outcomes, efforts aimed at implementation have uncovered various challenges in concussion diagnosis and management. Some of the most salient issues include medical evaluation, return to play, and return to learn. For this reason, health care professionals play a pivotal role in determining the critical next steps after a student is removed from play with a suspected concussion...
2017: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941215/analysis-of-testing-with-multiple-choice-versus-open-ended-questions-outcome-based-observations-in-an-anatomy-course
#3
Cheryl A Melovitz Vasan, David O DeFouw, Bart K Holland, Nagaswami S Vasan
The pedagogical approach for both didactic and laboratory teaching of anatomy has changed in the last 25 years and continues to evolve; however, assessment of student anatomical knowledge has not changed despite the awareness of Bloom's taxonomy. For economic reasons most schools rely on multiple choice questions (MCQ) that test knowledge mastered while competences such as critical thinking and skill development are not typically assessed. In contrast, open-ended question (OEQ) examinations demand knowledge construction and a higher order of thinking, but more time is required from the faculty to score the constructed responses...
September 22, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941011/evaluating-a-bedside-tool-for-neuroanatomical-localization-with-extended-matching-questions
#4
Kevin Tan, Han Xin Chin, Christine W L Yau, Erle C H Lim, Dujeepa Samarasekera, Gominda Ponnamperuma, Nigel C K Tan
Neuroanatomical localization (NL) is a key skill in neurology, but learners often have difficulty with it. This study aims to evaluate a concise NL tool (NLT) developed to help teach and learn NL. To evaluate the NLT, an extended-matching questions (EMQ) test to assess NL was designed and validated. The EMQ was validated with fourth-year medical students and internal medicine and neurology residents. The NLT's usability was evaluated with third- and fourth-year students, and the effectiveness was evaluated with an experimental study of second-year students, using the EMQ as the outcome measure...
September 22, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940743/learning-and-study-strategies-correlate-with-medical-students-performance-in-anatomical-sciences
#5
Mohammed K Khalil, Shanna E Williams, H Gregory Hawkins
Much of the content delivered during medical students' preclinical years is assessed nationally by such testing as the United States Medical Licensing Examination(®) (USMLE(®) ) Step 1 and Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination(®) (COMPLEX-USA(®) ) Step 1. Improvement of student study/learning strategies skills is associated with academic success in internal and external (USMLE Step 1) examinations. This research explores the strength of association between the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI) scores and student performance in the anatomical sciences and USMLE Step 1 examinations...
September 22, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940168/genetics-of-anorexia-nervosa
#6
REVIEW
Jessica H Baker, Katherine Schaumberg, Melissa A Munn-Chernoff
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Genetic factors contribute to the etiology of anorexia nervosa (AN). This review synthesizes the current state of knowledge about the genetic etiology of AN, provides directions for future research, and discusses clinical implications for this research. RECENT FINDINGS: Candidate gene meta-analyses indicate serotonin genes may be involved in the genetic etiology of AN. Three genome-wide association studies have been conducted and one genome-wide significant locus was identified...
September 22, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939503/responsible-milestone-based-educational-handover-with-individualized-learning-plan-from-undergraduate-to-graduate-pediatric-medical-education
#7
Jocelyn Huang Schiller, Heather L Burrows, Amy E Fleming, Meg G Keeley, Lauren Wozniak, Sally A Santen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937003/construct-validity-and-predictive-utility-of-internal-assessment-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#8
Dinesh K Badyal, Sheena Singh, Tejinder Singh
BACKGROUND: Internal assessment is a partial requirement of all medical college examinations in India. It can help teachers provide remedial action and guide learning. But its utility and acceptability is doubted because, with no external control, internal assessment is considered prone to misuse. It is therefore not used as a tool for learning. There is no study on the validity of internal assessment from India. METHODS: We use multiple methods and multiple teachers to assess students and our records are well maintained...
May 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934808/competency-based-teaching-in-radiology-implementation-and-evaluation-of-interactive-workstation-based-learning-to-apply-nklm-based-content
#9
Wolfgang Koestner, Wiebke Otten, Till Kaireit, Frank K Wacker, Sabine Dettmer
Purpose New teaching formats are required to implement competency-based teaching in radiology teaching. Therefore, we have established and evaluated two practical competency-based radiological courses. Materials and Methods The courses were held in a multimedia room with 25 computers and a professional DICOM viewer. Students were taught basic image analysis and presented clinical cases with a DICOM viewer under supervision of an instructor using desktop monitoring software. Two courses (elective course and obligatory course) were evaluated by the students (n = 160 and n = 100) and instructors (n = 9) using an anonymized online survey...
September 21, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933577/development-of-a-phenomenologically-derived-method-to-assess-affective-learning-in-student-journals-following-impactive-educational-experiences
#10
Gary D Rogers, Amary Mey, Pit Cheng Chan
BACKGROUND: Assessment of affective learning (AL) is difficult but important, particularly for health professional students, where it is intimately linked to the development of professional values. This study originally aimed to determine whether an emotionally impactive, extended, multimethod, interprofessional simulation experience enhanced the AL of senior medical students, compared to conventional seminars and workshops alone. This necessitated the development of a method to assess for the presence and quality of AL...
September 21, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932164/assessment-of-perceived-needs-and-preferences-with-regard-to-the-education-of-residents-in-medical-ethics-in-king-abdulaziz-university-hospital
#11
Ranya A Ghamri, Rajaa M Al-Raddadi
INTRODUCTION: Medical ethics is the branch of ethics that deals with moral issues in medical practice. Many postgraduate training programs have developed educational interventions in ethics to meet accreditation standards and prepare learners for certification examinations and clinical practice. The aim of this study was to assess the attitude of residents in King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH) toward the need for ethics education and identify the most effective methods of teaching ethical issues...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930762/competency-based-medical-education-in-the-internal-medicine-clerkship-a-report-from-the-alliance-for-academic-internal-medicine-undergraduate-medical-education-task-force
#12
Sara B Fazio, Cynthia H Ledford, Paul B Aronowitz, Shobhina G Chheda, John H Choe, Stephanie A Call, Scott D Gitlin, Marty Muntz, L James Nixon, Anne G Pereira, John W Ragsdale, Emily A Stewart, Karen E Hauer
As medical educators continue to redefine learning and assessment across the continuum, implementation of competency-based medical education in the undergraduate setting has become a focus of many medical schools. While standards of competency have been defined for the graduating student, there is no uniform approach for defining competency expectations for students during their core clerkship year. The authors describe the process by which an Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine task force developed a paradigm for competency-based assessment of students during their inpatient internal medicine (IM) clerkship...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928964/the-evaluation-of-a-virtual-education-system-based-on-the-delone-and-mclean-model-%C3%A2-a-path-analysis
#13
Zohreh Mahmoodi, Sara Esmaelzadeh-Saeieh, Razieh Lotfi, Monir Baradaran Eftekhari, Mahnaz Akbari Kamrani, Zahra Mehdizadeh Tourzani, Katayoun Salehi
Background: The Internet has dramatically influenced the introduction of virtual education. Virtual education is a term that involves online education and e-learning. This study was conducted to evaluate a virtual education system based on the DeLone and McLean model. Methods: This descriptive analytical study was conducted using the census method on all the students of the Nursing and Midwifery Department of Alborz University of Medical Sciences who had taken at least one online course in 2016-2017. Data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire based on the DeLone and McLean model in six domains and then analyzed in SPSS-16 and LISREL-8...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928347/improving-breastfeeding-medicine-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-student-survey-and-extensive-curriculum-review-with-suggestions-for-improvement
#14
Anna J Gary, Erin E Birmingham, Laurie B Jones
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding education should be incorporated routinely into medical school curricula. Despite strong evidence supporting exclusive breastfeeding of infants, lack of physician education has continued to undermine the practice of breastfeeding. Protecting and supporting breastfeeding should be a public health priority as it has the potential to save billions of dollars in health care and also provide the most benefit to the newborn infant. The purpose of this article was to evaluate how the United States undergraduate medical institution incorporates breastfeeding medicine into its curriculum and to suggest modifications that will improve breastfeeding education at all undergraduate medical institutions...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928341/the-pursuit-of-healthier-communities-through-a-community-health-medical-education-program
#15
Francisco Lamus-Lemus, Camilo Correal-Muñoz, Erwin Hernandez-Rincon, Natalia Serrano-Espinosa, Clara Jaimes-deTriviño, Diana Diaz-Quijano, Juan Gabriel García-Manrique
BACKGROUND: Distinct periods in the community health undergraduate medical program at the University of La Sabana (Colombia) were identified in its evolution from 1999 to 2013. We describe each period and explain the succesion of changes toward improvement. METHODS: An ordered review of the community health program was constructed based on the retrospective recollection, classification, and analysis of information from document archives and interviews with participants...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928339/influence-of-pharmacy-students-on-the-attitudes-of-medical-students-following-an-interprofessional-course
#16
Fatemeh Dabaghzadeh, Bahare Zihayat, Farhad Sarafzadeh
BACKGROUND: Clinical interprofessional education (IPE) can promote mutual understanding of other health professions and respectful behaviors among health-care professionals. The aims of this study were to evaluate the effects of IPE on the attitudes of medical and pharmacy students in an inpatient hospital setting and, in particular, the influence of pharmacy students on the attitudes of medical students. METHODS: The 6th year doctor of pharmacy students and medical students were enrolled in a prospective cohort study...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927941/gaming-the-system-creation-of-a-random-case-generating-game-for-use-in-morning-report
#17
Pallavi Kamra, Emily C Borman-Shoap, Lei Zhang, Michael B Pitt
BACKGROUND: Case-based morning reports are a staple of residency education. Little is known about the role of game-based learning in facilitating case-based discussions. OBJECTIVES: Compare an educational game that can be used for creating impromptu case-based sessions to traditional morning report. METHODS: We created a game called Differential Diagnosis Slot Machine, which allows participants to quickly generate theoretical cases for discussion...
September 16, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927466/goleman-s-leadership-styles-at-different-hierarchical-levels-in-medical-education
#18
Anurag Saxena, Loni Desanghere, Kent Stobart, Keith Walker
BACKGROUND: With current emphasis on leadership in medicine, this study explores Goleman's leadership styles of medical education leaders at different hierarchical levels and gain insight into factors that contribute to the appropriateness of practices. METHODS: Forty two leaders (28 first-level with limited formal authority, eight middle-level with wider program responsibility and six senior- level with higher organizational authority) rank ordered their preferred Goleman's styles and provided comments...
September 19, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927385/frontline-learning-of-medical-teaching-you-pick-up-as-you-go-through-work-and-practice
#19
W Hartford, L Nimmon, T Stenfors
BACKGROUND: Few medical teachers have received formal teaching education. Along with individual and organizational barriers to participation in teacher training programs, increasing numbers and altered distribution of physicians away from major teaching centers have increased the difficulty of attendance. Furthermore, it is not known if traditional faculty development formats are the optimal learning options given findings from existing studies document both positive and negative outcomes...
September 19, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927383/blended-learning-with-moodle-in-medical-statistics-an-assessment-of-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-relating-to-e-learning
#20
Li Luo, Xiaohua Cheng, Shiyuan Wang, Junxue Zhang, Wenbo Zhu, Jiaying Yang, Pei Liu
BACKGROUND: Blended learning that combines a modular object-oriented dynamic learning environment (Moodle) with face-to-face teaching was applied to a medical statistics course to improve learning outcomes and evaluate the impact factors of students' knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) relating to e-learning. METHODS: The same real-name questionnaire was administered before and after the intervention. The summed scores of every part (knowledge, attitude and practice) were calculated using the entropy method...
September 19, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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