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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649887/has-the-new-kirkpatrick-generation-built-a-better-hammer-for-our-evaluation-toolbox
#1
Katherine A Moreau
Although Kirkpatrick's original outcome-focused model is widely used to evaluate medical education programs, it is subject to criticism. To combat this criticism and address the complexities of learning environments, the New World Kirkpatrick Model has emerged. This brief article describes key aspects of the New World Kirkpatrick Model for program evaluation. Specifically, it highlights three major criticisms of Kirkpatrick's original model and discusses the ways in which this new model attempts to rebut them...
June 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649456/development-of-a-self-directed-online-learning-curriculum-to-increase-community-engaged-research-in-clinical-and-translational-science
#2
Joyce E Balls-Berry, Heather Billings, Laura Ernste, Miguel Valdez Soto, Katrin Frimannsdottir, Karen Weavers, Victor M Montori, Christi A Patten
BACKGROUND: Medical research strives to improve health; community-engaged research (CEnR) supports translation to the community. METHODS: This article describes the use of andragogical theory to develop asynchronous CEnR training. RESULTS: A total of 43 researchers and community members completed at least one module. The majority (67%-100%) stated that training met their educational needs and noted a desire for more information. CONCLUSION: The curriculum reinforced CEnR principles to enhance medical research...
April 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648264/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-interprofessional-education-in-nutrition-as-an-essential-component-of-medical-education
#3
Lisa A Hark, Darwin Deen
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) should play a significant role in educating medical students, residents, fellows, and physicians in practice. The more physicians learn about the effectiveness of nutrition for the prevention and treatment of noncommunicable diseases, the more likely they are to consult with RDNs and refer patients for medical nutrition therapy. The more interprofessional education that occurs between medical students, other health professional students, and RDNs, the more likely all health care professionals will understand and value the role of the RDN in improving the quality of care provided to patients...
July 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647790/should-degree-programs-in-biomedical-and-health-informatics-be-dedicated-or-integrated-reflections-and-recommendations-after-more-than-40%C3%A2-years-of-medical-informatics-education-at-tu-braunschweig-including-10%C3%A2-years-of-b-sc-and-15%C3%A2-years-of-m-sc-integrated
#4
Reinhold Haux, Michael Marschollek, Klaus-Hendrik Wolf, Ute Zeisberg
Education in biomedical and health informatics (BMHI) has been established in many countries throughout the world. For degree programs in BMHI we can distinguish between those that are completely stand-alone or dedicated to the discipline vs. those that are integrated within another program. After running integrated degree medical informatics programs at TU Braunschweig for 10 years at the B.Sc. and for 15 years at the M.Sc level, we (1) report about this educational approach, (2) analyze recommendations on, implementations of, and experiences with degree educational programs in BMHI worldwide, (3) summarize our lessons learned with the integrated approach at TU Braunschweig, and (4) suggest an answer to the question, whether degree programs in biomedical and health informatics should be dedicated or integrated...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647389/improving-abnormality-detection-on-chest-radiography-using-game-like-reinforcement-mechanics
#5
Po-Hao Chen, Howard Roth, Maya Galperin-Aizenberg, Alexander T Ruutiainen, Warren Gefter, Tessa S Cook
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Despite their increasing prevalence, online textbooks, question banks, and digital references focus primarily on explicit knowledge. Implicit skills such as abnormality detection require repeated practice on clinical service and have few digital substitutes. Using mechanics traditionally deployed in video games such as clearly defined goals, rapid-fire levels, and narrow time constraints may be an effective way to teach implicit skills. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We created a freely available, online module to evaluate the ability of individuals to differentiate between normal and abnormal chest radiographs by implementing mechanics, including instantaneous feedback, rapid-fire cases, and 15-second timers...
June 21, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642002/development-of-geriatric-mental-health-learning-objectives-for-medical-students-a-response-to-the-institute-of-medicine-2012-report
#6
Susan W Lehmann, William B Brooks, Dennis Popeo, Kirsten M Wilkins, Mary C Blazek
America is aging as the population of older adults increases. The shortage of geriatric mental health specialists means that most geriatric mental healthcare will be provided by physicians who do not have specialty training in geriatrics. The Institute of Medicine Report of 2012 highlighted the urgent need for development of national competencies and curricula in geriatric mental health for all clinicians. Virtually all physicians can expect to treat older patients with mental health symptoms, yet currently there are no widely accepted learning objectives in geriatric mental health specific for medical students...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640036/a-constructive-reframing-of-student-roles-and-systems-learning-in-medical-education-using-a-communities-of-practice-lens
#7
Jed D Gonzalo, Britta M Thompson, Paul Haidet, Karen Mann, Daniel R Wolpaw
Health systems are in the midst of a transformation that is being driven by a variety of forces. This has important implications for medical educators because clinical practice environments play a key role in learning and professional development, and evolving health systems are beginning to demand that providers have "systems-ready" knowledge, attitudes, and skills. Such implications provide a clear mandate for medical schools to modify their goals and prepare physicians to practice flexibly within teams and effectively contribute to the improvement of health care delivery...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640031/identifying-gaps-in-the-performance-of-pediatric-trainees-who-receive-marginal-unsatisfactory-ratings
#8
Su-Ting T Li, Daniel J Tancredi, Alan Schwartz, Ann Guillot, Ann Burke, R Franklin Trimm, Susan Guralnick, John D Mahan, Kimberly A Gifford
PURPOSE: To perform a derivation study to determine in which subcompetencies marginal/unsatisfactory pediatric residents had the greatest deficits compared with their satisfactorily performing peers and which subcompetencies best discriminated between marginal/unsatisfactory and satisfactorily performing residents. METHOD: Multi-institutional cohort study of all 21 milestones (rated on four or five levels) reported to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, and global marginal/unsatisfactory versus satisfactory performance reported to the American Board of Pediatrics...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640027/exploring-integration-in-action-competencies-as-building-blocks-of-expertise
#9
Maria Mylopoulos, Debaroti Tina Borschel, Tara O'Brien, Sofia Martimianakis, Nicole N Woods
PURPOSE: Competency frameworks such as the CanMEDS roles and the ACGME core competencies may lead to the implicit assumption that physicians can learn and practice individual competencies in isolation. In contrast, models of adaptive expertise suggest that the integration of competencies reflects the capabilities of an expert physician. Thus, educational programming aimed at teaching discrete roles or competencies might overlook expert physician capabilities that are central to patient care...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639838/provider-perceptions-of-stigma-and-discrimination-experienced-by-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-phiv-while-accessing-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care
#10
Cynthia D Fair, Meredith Berk
Historically, children with perinatally-acquired HIV (PHIV) were viewed as the "innocent victims" as their HIV infection was not acquired through sexual/drug related means. Today, adolescents with PHIV are surviving into young adulthood and are engaging in developmentally expected behaviors such as establishing intimate, sexual relationships. Like other youth, those living with PHIV often need to access sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. Previous research has documented stigma and discrimination experienced by adult women living with HIV as they try to access SRH care...
June 22, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639489/healthcare-provider-education-to-support-integration-of-pharmacogenomics-in-practice-the-emerge-network-experience
#11
Carolyn R Rohrer Vitek, Noura S Abul-Husn, John J Connolly, Andrea L Hartzler, Terrie Kitchner, Josh F Peterson, Luke V Rasmussen, Maureen E Smith, Sarah Stallings, Marc S Williams, Wendy A Wolf, Cynthia A Prows
Ten organizations within the Electronic Medical Records and Genomics Network developed programs to implement pharmacogenomic sequencing and clinical decision support into clinical settings. Recognizing the importance of informed prescribers, a variety of strategies were used to incorporate provider education to support implementation. Education experiences with pharmacogenomics are described within the context of each organization's prior involvement, including the scope and scale of implementation specific to their Electronic Medical Records and Genomics projects...
June 22, 2017: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638536/science-fiction-in-medical-education-the-case-of-learning-styles
#12
EDITORIAL
Jimmie Leppink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638512/an-early-assessment-of-the-acgme-cler-program-a-national-survey-of-designated-institutional-officials
#13
Timothy R Long, Julie A Doherty, Katrin R Frimannsdottir, Steven H Rose
BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Clinical Learning Environment Review (CLER) is an innovative element of the ACGME's new accreditation system. To date, little information has been collected regarding the value of CLER. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to collect information on designated institutional officials' (DIOs') perspectives about the initial CLER visits conducted at their institutions. METHODS: The authors created and distributed a survey to DIOs about their initial CLER visits...
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637713/a-pilot-study-of-interprofessional-palliative-care-education-of-medical-students-in-the-uk-and-usa
#14
Amy Gadoud, Wei-Hsin Lu, Lisa Strano-Paul, Susan Lane, Jason W Boland
BACKGROUND: Educating medical students to care for patients at the end-of-life is increasingly recognised as an essential component of training. Traditionally, medical student programmes are run by doctors, but patient care is delivered by an interprofessional team. Our programmes in the UK and USA independently developed a teaching experience led by an interprofessional team of palliative care health professionals. OBJECTIVES: This study explores the palliative care health professionals' perceptions, regarding their unique role in medical student palliative care education...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635553/bridging-generation-gaps-in-medical-education-a-light-bulb-moment-at-the-association-for-medical-education-in-europe-annual-conference-in-barcelona
#15
Marjel van Dam, Cindy Noben, Mary Higgins
Generation gaps have been described before and so have ways to deal with them. But they were mainly focused on the teachers. We would like to bridge these generation gaps, not only by creating awareness but also by learning from each other. This leads to better equipped doctors across all generations and promotes lifelong learning instantaneously.
February 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634873/evaluating-two-evidence-based-intervention-strategies-to-promote-crc-screening-among-latino-adults-in-a-primary-care-setting
#16
Sheila F Castañeda, Balambal Bharti, Rebeca Aurora Espinoza-Giacinto, Valerie Sanchez, Shawne O'Connell, Fatima Muñoz, Sylvia Mercado, Marie Elena Meza, Wendy Rojas, Gregory A Talavera, Samir Gupta
Regular use of colorectal cancer screening can reduce incidence and mortality, but participation rates remain low among low-income, Spanish-speaking Latino adults. We conducted two distinct pilot studies testing the implementation of evidence-based interventions to promote fecal immunochemical test (FIT) screening among Latinos aged 50-75 years who were not up-to-date with CRC screening (n = 200) at a large Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) in San Diego, CA. One pilot focused on an opportunistic clinic visit "in-reach" intervention including a 30-min session with a patient navigator, review of an educational "flip-chart," and a take-home FIT kit with instructions...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634631/sages-university-masters-program-a-structured-curriculum-for-deliberate-lifelong-learning
#17
Daniel B Jones, Dimitrios Stefanidis, James R Korndorffer, Justin B Dimick, Brian P Jacob, Linda Schultz, Daniel J Scott
BACKGROUND: Postgraduate training has been haphazard to date. Surgeons have relied on attendance to annual meetings and multiple choice study guides to demonstrate maintenance of certification and continuing medical education. METHODS: SAGES held a retreat to develop the concept and scope of the Masters Program. Surveys were sent to SAGES members to guide curriculum development and selection of anchoring operations. RESULTS: SAGES has developed an educational curriculum across eight domains (Acute Care, Biliary, Bariatric, Colorectal, Hernia, Foregut, Flex Endoscopy, and Robotic Surrey) incorporating SAGES educational materials and guidelines, social media, coaching and mentoring...
June 20, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633732/to-err-is-human-can-american-medicine-learn-from-past-mistakes
#18
Jeffrey B Ritterman
The history of medicine includes many errors. Some persisted for decades and caused great harm. Several are highlighted in this article, including the mythical thymic diseases: thymic asthma and status thymicolymphaticus. Some medical mistakes, such as the diet-heart hypothesis of Ancel Keys, continue to cause harm. To avoid future errors and their associated harm, I suggest a cultural shift encouraging professional humility and greater questioning of medical dogma. Medical education focused on teaching students this history may help with this cultural shift...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633167/medical-student-perceptions-of-their-education-about-suffering
#19
Thomas R Egnew, Peter R Lewis, Kimberly R Myers, William R Phillips
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To explore student perceptions of their medical school teaching and learning about human suffering and to elicit student recommendations for better approaches to teaching about suffering. METHODS: Qualitative study involving focus groups of students from each class at two US medical schools. RESULTS: Students reported that teaching about human suffering was variable, rarely explicit, and occurred primarily in the pre-clinical curriculum...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632014/coaching-the-coach-a-program-for-development-of-faculty-portfolio-coaches
#20
Jack Kopechek, Cheryl Bardales, A Todd Lash, Curtis Walker, Sheryl Pfeil, Cynthia H Ledford
PROBLEM: Faculty coaching is recognized as an essential element for effective use of portfolios in undergraduate medical education, yet best practices for training these coaches are uncertain. INTERVENTION: New portfolio coaches participated in a multifaceted training program that included orienting modules, a 7.5-hr training workshop featuring analysis of reflective writing, an Observed Structured Teaching Exercise (OSTE), and subsequent longitudinal coaches' meetings for timely task training...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
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