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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110256/ethical-experiential-learning-in-medical-nursing-and-allied-health-education-a-narrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Sandra Grace, Ev Innes, Narelle Patton, Lynette Stockhausen
: Students enrolled in medical, nursing and health science programs often participate in experiential learning in their practical classes. Experiential learning includes peer physical examination and peer-assisted learning where students practise clinical skills on each other. OBJECTIVES: To identify effective strategies that enable ethical experiential learning for health students during practical classes. DESIGN: A narrative review of the literature...
January 10, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109296/design-of-simulation-based-medical-education-and-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-in-situ-simulation-versus-off-site-simulation
#2
EDITORIAL
Jette Led Sørensen, Doris Østergaard, Vicki LeBlanc, Bent Ottesen, Lars Konge, Peter Dieckmann, Cees Van der Vleuten
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based medical education (SBME) has traditionally been conducted as off-site simulation in simulation centres. Some hospital departments also provide off-site simulation using in-house training room(s) set up for simulation away from the clinical setting, and these activities are called in-house training. In-house training facilities can be part of hospital departments and resemble to some extent simulation centres but often have less technical equipment. In situ simulation, introduced over the past decade, mainly comprises of team-based activities and occurs in patient care units with healthcare professionals in their own working environment...
January 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108265/palliative-care-and-parkinson-s-disease-meeting-summary-and-recommendations-for-clinical-research
#3
REVIEW
Benzi M Kluger, Siobhán Fox, Suzanne Timmons, Maya Katz, Nicholas B Galifianakis, Indu Subramanian, Julie H Carter, Miriam J Johnson, Edward W Richfield, David Bekelman, Jean S Kutner, Janis Miyasaki
INTRODUCTION: Palliative care is an approach to caring for patients and families affected by serious illnesses that focuses on the relief of suffering through the management of medical symptoms, psychosocial issues, advance care planning and spiritual wellbeing. Over the past decade there has been an emerging clinical and research interest in the application of palliative care approaches to Parkinson's disease (PD) and outpatient palliative care services are now offered by several movement disorders centers...
January 11, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108169/learning-to-manage-vasoactive-drugs-a-qualitative-interview-study-with-critical-care-nurses
#4
Marie Häggström, Ann-Christin Bergsman, Ulrika Månsson, Malin Rising Holmström
OBJECTIVE: Being a nurse in an intensive care unit entails caring for seriously ill patients. Vasoactive drugs are one of the tools that are used to restore adequate circulation. Critical care nurses often manage and administer these potent drugs after medical advice from physicians. AIM: To describe the experiences of critical care nurses learning to manage vasoactive drugs, and to highlight the competence required to manage vasoactive drugs. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY/SETTING: Twelve critical care nurses from three hospitals in Sweden were interviewed...
January 17, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108068/challenges-training-left-handed-surgeons
#5
Maia Anderson, Erica Carballo, David Hughes, Christopher Behrer, Rishindra M Reddy
BACKGROUND: Being left-handed (LH) is considered a disadvantage in surgical training. We sought to understand the perspectives of LH trainees and surgical educators on the challenges and modifications in training LH surgeons. METHODS: A survey was distributed to surgeons, surgical residents, and medical students about challenges teaching and learning surgical technique. RESULTS: 25 LH surgeons, 65 right-handed (RH) surgeons, and 39 LH trainees completed the survey...
December 31, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107154/taking-up-the-mantle-of-human-trafficking-education-who-should-be-responsible
#6
Carrie A Bohnert, Aaron W Calhoun, Olivia F Mittel
Human trafficking is a global human rights issue with long-range health consequences about which physicians are largely uneducated. Medical schools are uniquely positioned to address this gap. All future physicians, regardless of specialty, must learn to identify victims and refer them to trauma-informed treatment. Research and advocacy are needed to address the lack of rigorously evaluated curricula in this area, impact policy, and improve services for victims of this heinous form of exploitation.
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103981/-the-modern-tcm-education-of-tianjin
#7
J Xie
School education had gradually become the mainstream of medical education at the turn of the Qing Dynasty and Republican period. In Tianjin, there were western medical education, including the Peiyang Medical College, Army Medical College, and Lu's Medical School, whereas, there was no traditional medical school at all. To check this defect, two private TCM medical schools, the Learning School of TCM, and the Tianjin TCM Institution were set up by Chen Zedong and Gu Jinren respectively through persistent endeavor...
November 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103925/protocol-for-a-realist-review-of-workplace-learning-in-postgraduate-medical-education-and-training
#8
Anel Wiese, Caroline Kilty, Colm Bergin, Patrick Flood, Na Fu, Mary Horgan, Agnes Higgins, Bridget Maher, Grainne O'Kane, Lucia Prihodova, Dubhfeasa Slattery, Deirdre Bennett
BACKGROUND: Postgraduate medical education and training (PGMET) is a complex social process which happens predominantly during the delivery of patient care. The clinical learning environment (CLE), the context for PGMET, shapes the development of the doctors who learn and work within it, ultimately impacting the quality and safety of patient care. Clinical workplaces are complex, dynamic systems in which learning emerges from non-linear interactions within a network of related factors and activities...
January 19, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099373/deconstructing-clinical-workflow-identifying-teaching-learning-principles-for-barcode-electronic-medication-administration-with-nursing-students
#9
Richard G Booth, Barbara Sinclair, Gillian Strudwick, Laura Brennan, Lisa Morgan, Stephanie Collings, Jessica Johnston, Brittany Loggie, James Tong, Chantal Singh
The purpose of this quality improvement project was to better understand how to teach medication administration underpinned by an electronic medication administration record (eMAR) system used in simulated, prelicensure nursing education. Methods included a workflow and integration analysis and a detailed process mapping of both an oral and a sublingual medication administration. Procedural and curriculum development considerations related to medication administration using eMAR technology are presented for nurse educators...
January 18, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099326/implementation-of-a-needs-based-online-feedback-tool-for-anesthesia-residents-with-subsequent-mapping-of-the-feedback-to-the-acgme-milestones
#10
Pedro Tanaka, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Kim Walker, Jennifer Zocca, Lena Scotto, Alyssa L Bogetz, Alex Macario
BACKGROUND: Optimizing feedback that residents receive from faculty is important for learning. The goals of this study were to (1) conduct focus groups of anesthesia residents to define what constitutes optimal feedback; (2) develop, test, and implement a web-based feedback tool; and (3) then map the contents of the written comments collected on the feedback tool to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) anesthesiology milestones. METHODS: All 72 anesthesia residents in the program were invited to participate in 1 of 5 focus groups scheduled over a 2-month period...
February 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099177/medical-students-perspectives-on-implementing-curriculum-change-at-one-institution
#11
Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Courtney E Baker, Kimberly D Lomis
Training physicians to be effective practitioners throughout their careers begins in undergraduate medical education with particular focus on self-directed inquiry, professional and interprofessional development, and competency-based assessment. A select number of medical schools are restructuring their curricula by placing the student at the center of content delivery to enhance the learning experience. While this restructuring may benefit the adult learner, administrators often make assumptions about how students will perceive and respond to such innovative and unfamiliar educational concepts...
January 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097899/the-need-for-narrative-reflection-and-experiential-learning-in-medical-education-a-lesson-learned-through-an-urban-indigenous-health-elective
#12
Lindsay S Herzog
In this personal view article, I discuss a formative experience I had during an Urban Indigenous Health elective in which I participated while in my final year of medical school. The elective was developed on the foundation of an experiential learning model, which is central to Indigenous pedagogy and emphasizes learning through experience and narrative reflection. By transforming medical education into a place where such concepts are integrated and valued, I argue that we will create physicians who are self-aware, compassionate and able to provide culturally safe care to all patient populations they will serve in their future practices...
January 18, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097675/the-swamplands-of-reflection-using-conversation-analysis-to-reveal-the-architecture-of-group-reflection-sessions
#13
Mario Veen, Anne de la Croix
CONTEXT: Many medical schools include group reflection in their curriculum, and many researchers have considered both the concept and the outcomes of reflection. However, no research has been carried out on how 'reflective talk' is structured in the classroom. This paper describes how tutors and residents organise group reflection sessions in situ by describing an example of group reflection in medical education. Our aim is to provide an evidence base that can be used by medical educators to think about the way reflection should be included in their curriculum...
January 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096741/a-day-in-the-life-of-third-year-medical-students-using-an-ethnographic-method-to-understand-information-seeking-and-use
#14
Andrea B Twiss-Brooks, Ricardo Andrade, Michelle B Bass, Barbara Kern, Jonna Peterson, Debra A Werner
OBJECTIVE: The authors undertook this project to learn how third-year medical students seek and use information in the course of daily activities, especially activities conducted in clinical settings in a variety of institutions. METHODS: We recruited sixty-eight third-year undergraduate medical school students to create a mapping diary of a day that included clinical activities. We conducted semi-structured interviews based on the mapping diaries. Using content and thematic analyses of the resulting interview transcripts, we developed an ethnographic case study for each participant...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096706/balancing-standardized-testing-with-personalized-training-in-surgery
#15
REVIEW
Aadil Ahmed, Muhammad Abbas Abid, Nasir I Bhatti
Students pursuing a medical career in the US are subject to standardized testing at regular intervals. These standardized tests not only quantify the milestones students have already achieved, but also define the path for future achievements. The purpose of these examinations is to help students become self-directed, lifelong learners - an essential attribute of a medical professional. However, whether preparing for these examinations actually makes students such disciplined learners needs to be examined. Especially during residency training with its limited time and unpredictable exposure, trainees must learn in the most efficient way for their learning styles, and thus develop attributes that will be helpful to them in their medical career...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095829/a-middle-eastern-journey-of-integrating-interprofessional-education-into-the-healthcare-curriculum-a-swoc-analysis
#16
Alla El-Awaisi, Kyle John Wilby, Kerry Wilbur, Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Ahmed Awaisu, Bridget Paravattil
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education (IPE) is an emerging concept in the Middle East with a number of health professional degree programs continually striving to meet international accreditation requirements to enhance the quality of education and ensure high standards are maintained. Using the College of Pharmacy at Qatar University (CPH QU) as a model, this article describes the IPE initiatives coordinated through the College's IPE Committee, with representation from fourteen programs at four Healthcare institutions: Qatar University; Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar; the University of Calgary in Qatar; and the College of North Atlantic in Qatar...
January 17, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092429/residents-understanding-of-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#17
Paul Cooper, Morgan Hindes, Timothy M Maul, Stephen C Cook
OBJECTIVE: Medical residents are exposed to increasing numbers of adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD). While inadequate ACHD knowledge may lead to inappropriate practice, this educational deficit has not been investigated. Our aim was to analyze residents' attitudes, perceived ability, and knowledge of ACHD medicine. DESIGN, METHODS, OUTCOME MEASURES: A single center, multiprogram cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 using an electronic survey to assess 472 medical residents' perceived knowledge and self-assessed skills related to ACHD medicine...
January 16, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091977/a-cross-sectional-snapshot-of-sleep-quality-and-quantity-among-us-medical-students
#18
Erin E Ayala, Rani Berry, Jeffrey S Winseman, Hyacinth Rc Mason
OBJECTIVE: Fatigue is a well-known risk factor for mood disturbances, decreased cognitive acuity, and impaired judgment. Sleep research in medical students typically focuses on sleep quantity, but less is known about the quality of a student's sleep. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the subjective sleep quality and quantity of US medical students and to identify differences in sleep characteristics across demographic groups. METHODS: Medical students (N = 860) representing 49 medical colleges completed the Medical Outcomes Study Sleep Scale and a demographic questionnaire between December 2015 and March 2016...
January 13, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091704/medical-students-medication-communication-skills-regarding-drug-prescription-a-qualitative-analysis-of-simulated-physician-patient-consultations
#19
Katarina Hauser, Jan Matthes
PURPOSE: Poor medication communication of physicians to patients is detrimental, e.g. for medication adherence. Reasons for physicians' deficits in medication communication may be unfavourable conditions in daily practice or already insufficient training during their (undergraduate) medical studies. We explored medical students' communication on new medications in simulated physician-patient conversations to identify actual deficits indicating apparent educational needs. METHODS: Fifth year medical students attending a mandatory course at the University of Cologne had simulated physician-patient consultations aiming at drug prescription...
January 14, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090511/emerging-trends-in-social-media-and-plastic-surgery
#20
REVIEW
Daniel J Gould, Hyuma A Leland, Adelyn L Ho, Ketan M Patel
Social media has increasingly changed the landscape of medicine and surgery and is rapidly expanding its influence in most peoples' lives. The average person spends nearly 2 hours per day using social media, consuming information about everything from family updates to entertainment news to presidential elections. The concentration of consumers on social media platforms has resulted in direct medicine and medical products marketing to consumers. Similarly, social media is increasingly becoming a platform for interaction between physicians and potential patients...
December 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
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