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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445213/learner-patient-and-supervisor-features-are-associated-with-different-types-of-cognitive-load-during-procedural-skills-training-implications-for-teaching-and-instructional-design
#1
Justin L Sewell, Christy K Boscardin, John Q Young, Olle Ten Cate, Patricia S O'Sullivan
PURPOSE: Cognitive load theory, focusing on limits of the working memory, is relevant to medical education; however, factors associated with cognitive load during procedural skills training are not well characterized. The authors sought to determine how features of learners, patients/tasks, settings, and supervisors were associated with three types of cognitive load among learners performing a specific procedure, colonoscopy, to identify implications for procedural teaching. METHOD: Data were collected through an electronically administered survey sent to 1,061 U...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443789/teaching-physiotherapy-students-to-be-content-with-a-body-that-refuses-to-hold-still
#2
Helen Macdonald, David A Nicholls
In recent decades, physiotherapists have become concerned with cultural, economic, philosophical, political, and social questions and have been exploring more flexible ways of speaking about and practicing physiotherapy. While recognizing the need to embrace a broader range of perspectives, physiotherapy educators and other medical educators have been at a loss as to how to best achieve this. Drawing on two examples from South Africa and New Zealand, we seek to illustrate possibilities and barriers to teaching social sciences to physiotherapy students, specifically theories of embodiment as an alternative to the biopsychosocial model...
April 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442479/novel-use-of-a-noninvasive-hemodynamic-monitor-in-a-personalized-active-learning-simulation
#3
Jonathan K Zoller, Jianghua He, Angela T Ballew, Walter N Orr, Brigid C Flynn
The present study furthered the concept of simulation-based medical education by applying a personalized active learning component. We tested this novel approach utilizing a noninvasive hemodynamic monitor with the capability to measure and display in real time numerous hemodynamic parameters in the exercising participant. Changes in medical knowledge concerning physiology were examined with a pre-and posttest. Simply by observation of one's own hemodynamic variables, the understanding of complex physiological concepts was significantly enhanced...
June 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441675/teaching-today-in-the-practice-setting-of-the-future-implementing-innovations-in-graduate-medical-education
#4
Jung G Kim, Carl G Morris, Paul Ford
PROBLEM: Implementing an innovation, such as offering new types of patient-physician encounters through the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model while maintaining Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) accreditation standards (e.g., patient encounter minimums for trainees), is challenging. APPROACH: In 2009, the Group Health Family Medicine Residency (GHFMR) received an ACGME Program Experimentation and Innovation Project (PEIP) exception that redefined the minimum Family Medicine Resident Review Committee requirement to 1,400 face-to-face visits and 250 electronic visits (1 electronic visit defined as 3 secure message or telephone encounters)...
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441674/the-development-of-an-indigenous-health-curriculum-for-medical-students
#5
Melissa Lewis, Amy Prunuske
Indigenous populations experience dramatic health disparities; yet, few medical schools equip students with the skills to address these inequities. At the University of Minnesota Medical School, Duluth campus, a project to develop an Indigenous health curriculum began in September 2013. This project used collaborative and decolonizing methods to gather ideas and opinions from multiple stakeholders, including students, community members, faculty, and administration, to guide the process of adding Indigenous health content to the curriculum to prepare students to work effectively with Indigenous populations...
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440999/-epistemic-injustice-during-the-medical-education-process-in-the-hospital-context
#6
Carolina Consejo-Y Chapela, Carlos Alfonso Viesca-Treviño
BACKGROUND: The educational model adopted by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) Faculty of Medicine is constructivist; it is a model based on competence development. It aims to provide learning environments that incorporate real activities (it helps the students to develop social negotiation skills, as part of their integral learning; it encourages them to take a critical and reflexive approach; and it is also a student-centered model). However, many challenges arise when this model is implemented in the context of hospital environments...
May 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440094/small-group-activities-within-academic-communities-improve-the-connectedness-of-students-and-faculty
#7
Katharina Brandl, Stephen D Schneid, Sunny Smith, Babbi Winegarden, Jess Mandel, Carolyn J Kelly
BACKGROUND: The University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine implemented a curriculum change that included reduction of lectures, incorporation of problem-based learning and other small group activities. Six academic communities were introduced for teaching longitudinal curricular content and organizing extracurricular activities. METHODS: Surveys were collected from 904 first- and second-year medical students over 6 years. Student satisfaction data with their sense of connectedness and community support were collected before and after the implementation of the new curriculum...
April 25, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439719/radiological-imaging-of-teratological-fetuses-what-can-we-learn
#8
REVIEW
Lucas L Boer, A N Schepens-Franke, J J A van Asten, D G H Bosboom, K Kamphuis-van Ulzen, T L Kozicz, D J Ruiter, R-J Oostra, W M Klein
OBJECTIVES: To determine the advantages of radiological imaging of a collection of full-term teratological fetuses in order to increase their scientific and educational value. BACKGROUND : Anatomical museums around the world exhibit full-term teratological fetuses. Unfortunately, these museums are regularly considered as "morbid cabinets". Detailed dysmorphological information concerning the exhibited specimens is often lacking. Moreover, fetuses with severe and complex congenital anomalies are frequently diagnosed incompletely, incorrectly or not at all...
April 24, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438124/effectiveness-of-an-individual-online-e-learning-program-about-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Linda H A Bos-Bonnie, Jan E A M van Bergen, Ellen Te Pas, Michael A Kijser, Nynke van Dijk
BACKGROUND: Primary health-care professionals play an important role in the treatment and prevention of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI). Continuing Medical Education (CME)-courses can influence the knowledge and behavior of health-care professionals concerning STI. We performed a prospective cohort study to evaluate if the individual and online e-learning program "The STI-consultation", which uses the Commitment-to-Change (CtC)-method, is able to improve the knowledge, attitude and behavior of Dutch General Practitioners (GPs), concerning the STI-consultation...
April 24, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434004/what-do-medical-students-know-about-deep-brain-stimulation
#10
Andreas Wloch, Assel Saryyeva, Hans E Heissler, Christoph Schrader, H Holger Capelle, Joachim K Krauss
BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an established therapy for movement disorders. It is currently under investigation in neuropsychiatric disorders. Neurophobia is a common phenomenon that might have a negative impact in medical education. Little is known about medical students' knowledge about DBS when they enter university and what they learn about it during their medical formation. METHODS: A 10-item questionnaire was designed. Questions addressed indications for DBS, costs of DBS, complications, the percentage of Parkinson disease (PD) patients who might profit from DBS, etc...
April 22, 2017: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431420/generative-retrieval-improves-learning-and-retention-of-cardiac-anatomy-using-transesophageal-echocardiography
#11
Amanda M Kleiman, Katherine T Forkin, Allison J Bechtel, Stephen R Collins, Jennie Z Ma, Edward C Nemergut, Julie L Huffmyer
BACKGROUND: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a valuable monitor for patients undergoing cardiac and noncardiac surgery as it allows for evaluation of cardiovascular compromise in the perioperative period. It is challenging for anesthesiology residents and medical students to learn to use and interpret TEE in the clinical environment. A critical component of learning to use and interpret TEE is a strong grasp of normal cardiovascular ultrasound anatomy. METHODS: Fifteen fourth-year medical students and 15 post-graduate year (PGY) 1 and 2 anesthesiology residents without prior training in cardiac anesthesia or TEE viewed normal cardiovascular anatomy TEE video clips; participants were randomized to learning cardiac anatomy in generative retrieval (GR) and standard practice (SP) groups...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431201/teaching-neuroanatomy-using-computer-aided-learning-what-makes-for-successful-outcomes
#12
Elena Svirko, Jane Mellanby
Computer-aided learning (CAL) is an integral part of many medical courses. The neuroscience course at Oxford University for medical students includes CAL course of neuroanatomy. CAL is particularly suited to this since neuroanatomy requires much detailed three-dimensional visualization, which can be presented on screen. The CAL course was evaluated using the concept of approach to learning. The aims of university teaching are congruent with the deep approach-seeking meaning and relating new information to previous knowledge-rather than to the surface approach of concentrating on rote learning of detail...
April 21, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430318/teaching-medical-students-ultrasound-guided-vascular-access-which-learning-method-is-best
#13
Alwin Lian, James C R Rippey, Peter J Carr
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasound is recommended to guide insertion of peripheral intravenous vascular cannulae (PIVC) where difficulty is experienced. Ultrasound machines are now common-place and junior doctors are often expected to be able to use them. The educational standards for this skill are highly varied, ranging from no education, to self-guided internet-based education, to formal, face-to-face traditional education. In an attempt to decide which educational technique our institution should introduce, a small pilot trial comparing educational techniques was designed...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429527/balancing-health-care-education-and-patient-care-in-the-uk-workplace-a-realist-synthesis
#14
Sarah Sholl, Rola Ajjawi, Helen Allbutt, Jane Butler, Divya Jindal-Snape, Jill Morrison, Charlotte Rees
CONTEXT: Patient care activity has recently increased without a proportionate rise in workforce numbers, impacting negatively on health care workplace learning. Health care professionals are prepared in part by spending time in clinical practice, and for medical staff this constitutes a contribution to service. Although stakeholders have identified the balance between health care professional education and patient care as a key priority for medical education research, there have been very few reviews to date on this important topic...
April 20, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427889/lost-in-translation-cultural-divides-in-communication-skills-teaching-identified-in-the-icch-2016-student-symposium
#15
Heather K Schopper, Nasteha A Mohamed, Max Seegel, Kseniya Gorina, Jonathan Silverman, Marcy Rosenbaum
OBJECTIVE: To provide a platform for learners' voices at an international conference on communication in healthcare. METHODS: A group of medical students were invited to explore their experiences with communication skills learning at a symposium at the 2016 International Conference on Communication in Healthcare in Heidelberg, DE. RESULTS: Students from the US, Denmark, Germany, and Russia discussed their experiences with communication skills curriculum at their institutions...
April 12, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427021/risk-factors-for-learning-problems-in-youth-with-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures
#16
Julia Doss, Rochelle Caplan, Prabha Siddarth, Brenda Bursch, Tatiana Falcone, Marcy Forgey, Kyle Hinman, W Curt LaFrance, Rebecca Laptook, Richard Shaw, Deborah Weisbrot, Matthew Willis, Sigita Plioplys
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the risk factors for learning problems (LP) in pediatric psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) and their specificity by comparing psychopathology, medical, cognitive/linguistic/achievement, bullying history, and parent education variables between subjects with PNES with and without LP and between subjects with PNES and siblings with LP. METHODS: 55 subjects with PNES and 35 siblings, aged 8-18years, underwent cognitive, linguistic, and achievement testing, and completed somatization and anxiety sensitivity questionnaires...
April 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425883/transition-from-secondary-school-to-medical-school-the-role-of-self-study-and-self-regulated-learning-skills-in-freshman-burnout
#17
Joselina Barbosa, Álvaro Silva, Maria Amélia Ferreira, Milton Severo
INTRODUCTION: The transition from secondary to higher education is a challenging and demanding period for medical students. The ability to manage study time effectively and to be a self-regulated learner is essential to cope with the exponential growth of knowledge in medical education. Thus, the purpose of our study was to measure self-regulated learning skills and self-study across secondary higher education transition and to explore its effect on academic burnout in the first year of medical school...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423788/medical-and-healthcare-curriculum-exploratory-analysis
#18
Martin Komenda, Matěj Karolyi, Andrea Pokorná, Christos Vaitsis
In the recent years, medical and healthcare higher education institutions compile their curricula in different ways in order to cover all necessary topics and sections that the students will need to go through to success in their future clinical practice. A medical and healthcare curriculum consists of many descriptive parameters, which define statements of what, when, and how students will learn in the course of their studies. For the purpose of understanding a complicated medical and healthcare curriculum structure, we have developed a web-oriented platform for curriculum management covering in detail formal metadata specifications in accordance with the approved pedagogical background, namely outcome-based approach...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423232/a-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-anatomy-learning-experiences-questionnaire-and-correlations-with-learning-outcomes
#19
Derek L Choi-Lundberg, Anne-Marie M Williams, Craig Zimitat
The Anatomy Learning Experiences Questionnaire (ALEQ) was designed by Smith and Mathias to explore students' perceptions and experiences of learning anatomy. In this study, the psychometric properties of a slightly altered 34-item ALEQ (ALEQ-34) were evaluated, and correlations with learning outcomes investigated, by surveying first- and second-year undergraduate medical students; 181 usable responses were obtained (75% response rate). Psychometric analysis demonstrated overall good reliability (Cronbach's alpha of 0...
April 17, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421894/how-learning-analytics-can-early-predict-under-achieving-students-in-a-blended-medical-education-course
#20
Mohammed Saqr, Uno Fors, Matti Tedre
AIM: Learning analytics (LA) is an emerging discipline that aims at analyzing students' online data in order to improve the learning process and optimize learning environments. It has yet un-explored potential in the field of medical education, which can be particularly helpful in the early prediction and identification of under-achieving students. The aim of this study was to identify quantitative markers collected from students' online activities that may correlate with students' final performance and to investigate the possibility of predicting the potential risk of a student failing or dropping out of a course...
April 19, 2017: Medical Teacher
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