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Learning and continuing education

Faye M Evans, Juan C Duarte, Carolina Haylock Loor, Wayne Morriss
There is an urgent need to train more anesthesia providers in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). There is also a need to provide more educational opportunities in subspecialty areas of anesthetic practice such as trauma management, pain management, obstetric anesthesia, and pediatric anesthesia. Together, these subspecialty areas make up a large proportion of the clinical workload in LMICs. In these countries, the quality of education may be variable, there may be few teachers, and opportunities for continued learning and mentorship are rare...
April 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Giorgina B Piccoli, Mona Alrukhaimi, Zhi-Hong Liu, Elena Zakharova, Adeera Levin
Chronic Kidney Disease affects approximately 10% of the world's adult population: it is within the top 20 causes of death worldwide, and its impact on patients and their families can be devastating. World Kidney Day and International Women's Day in 2018 coincide, thus offering an opportunity to reflect on the importance of women's health and specifically their kidney health, on the community, and the next generations, as well as to strive to be more curious about the unique aspects of kidney disease in women so that we may apply those learnings more broadly...
March 15, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Linda Lee, W Wayne Weston, Loretta M Hillier
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dementia often goes undiagnosed. A workshop was developed to provide primary care clinicians with a structured clinical reasoning approach to dementia diagnosis and brain map tool to differentiate type of dementia. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of this approach on self-perceived changes in knowledge, confidence, and ability to assess and manage memory problems and on self-reported application of learning to clinical practice. METHODS: Participants of 20 workshops (N=392) were invited to complete a reaction survey and of these, participants of 12 consecutive workshops (N=242) were invited to complete a 3-month follow-up survey to assess application of new learning to clinical practice and challenges experienced in doing so...
March 2018: Family Medicine
Andreas Jerrentrup, Tobias Mueller, Ulrich Glowalla, Meike Herder, Nadine Henrichs, Andreas Neubauer, Juergen R Schaefer
TV series such as "House MD", "Grey´s Anatomy" or "Emergency Room" are well perceived by medical students. Seminars featuring medical TV series such as "House MD" might serve as door-opener to attract medical students to learn more about rare diseases. The TV series "House MD" is troublesome for the main character Dr. House is an excellent diagnostician but at the same time a rather misanthropic person. Therefore, lecturing medicine with the help of "House MD" requires constant evaluation...
2018: PloS One
Javier Rodríguez-Carrio, Polina Putrik, Alexandre Sepriano, Anna Moltó, Elena Nikiphorou, Laure Gossec, Tore K Kvien, Sofia Ramiro
Although peer review plays a central role in the maintenance of high standards in scientific research, training of reviewing skills is not included in the common education programmes. The Emerging EULAR (European League Against Rheumatism) Network (EMEUNET) developed a programme to address this unmet need. The EMEUNET Peer Review Mentoring Program for Rheumatology Journals promotes a systematic training of reviewing skills by engaging mentees in a 'real world' peer review experience supervised by experienced mentors with support from rheumatology journals...
2018: RMD Open
Clare Morris, Tim Swanwick
INTRODUCTION: Postgraduate medical education takes place almost entirely in the clinical workplace, supported by healthcare professionals who strive to combine service and educational roles. Over the past decade, we have witnessed the emergence and growth of new forms of educational activity within postgraduate medical education. Under the umbrella term of "faculty development", these activities move beyond a narrow emphasis on "teaching the teachers to teach" to a wide range of interventions focused on enhancing educational climate, educational infrastructure and educational practices within and across healthcare organizations...
March 11, 2018: Medical Teacher
Janet E Fischel, Doreen M Olvet, Richard J Iuli, Wei-Hsin Lu, Latha Chandran
AIM: Curriculum reform in medical schools continues to be an ever-present and challenging activity in medical education. This paper describes one school's experiences with specific curricular innovations that were developed or adapted and targeted to meet a clear set of curricular goals during the curriculum reform process. Those goals included: (a) promoting active learning and learner engagement; (b) establishing early professional identity; and (c) developing physician competencies in an integrated and contextual manner while allowing for individualized learning experiences for the millennial student...
March 11, 2018: Medical Teacher
Donald M Hilty, Carolyn Turvey, Tiffany Hwang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Psychiatric practice continues to evolve and play an important role in patients' lives, the field of medicine, and health care delivery. Clinicians must learn a variety of clinical care systems and lifelong learning (LLL) is crucial to apply knowledge, develop skills, and adjust attitudes. Technology is rapidly becoming a key player-in delivery, lifelong learning, and education/training. RECENT FINDINGS: The evidence base for telepsychiatry/telemental health via videoconferencing has been growing for three decades, but a greater array of technologies have emerged in the last decade (e...
March 12, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
Gabrielle Wong-Parodi, M Beatrice Dias, Michael Taylor
BACKGROUND: Air quality affects us all and is a rapidly growing concern in the 21st century. We spend the majority of our lives indoors and can be exposed to a number of pollutants smaller than 2.5 microns (particulate matter, PM2.5 ) resulting in detrimental health effects. Indoor air quality sensors have the potential to provide people with the information they need to understand their risk and take steps to reduce their exposure. One such sensor is the Speck sensor developed at the Community Robotics, Education and Technology Empowerment Lab at Carnegie Mellon University...
March 8, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Traci A Wolbrink, Lucy Rubin, Jeffrey P Burns, Barry Markovitz
INTRODUCTION: The number of websites for the critical care provider is rapidly growing, including websites that are part of the Free Open Access Med(ical ed)ucation (FOAM) movement. With this rapidly expanding number of websites, critical appraisal is needed to identify quality websites. The last major review of critical care websites was published in 2011, and thus a new review of the websites relevant to the critical care clinician is necessary. METHODS: A new assessment tool for evaluating critical care medicine education websites, the Critical Care Medical Education Website Quality Evaluation Tool (CCMEWQET), was modified from existing tools...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Kerry Wilbur, Alaa Elmubark, Sara Shabana
INTRODUCTION: The standardized patient (SP) has assumed a fundamental role in undergraduate medical education since first conceived over 50 years ago. While widely used in student training and assessment of communication and clinical examination across health disciplines, little is known how SPs enhance knowledge or skill development among professionals. We conducted a systematic review to determine the effectiveness of SPs in continuing medical education (CME) programs. METHODS: Authors independently searched for studies published between 1966 and 2016, describing CME initiatives using SP encounters as practice for participants compared with those which did not...
January 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
Tao T Le, Charles G Prober
New digital platforms are transforming learning in higher education and providing high-quality education content at little or no cost. Educators can now reach large, even global audiences. Yet, many medical schools continue to develop and maintain custom but duplicative curricular content despite having limited faculty and financial resources. In addition, medical students are faced with a multitude of potentially unaligned curricula driven by the school, national licensing exams, and the students' own perceived clinical training needs...
March 6, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Janessa M Graves, Julie Postma, Janet R Katz, Leanne Kehoe, Eileen Swalling, Celestina Barbosa-Leiker
PURPOSE: Among research-focused nursing doctoral (PhD) programs in the United States, the traditional dissertation format has recently given way to a series of publication-ready manuscripts, often bookended by introduction and conclusion chapters. To help programs make decisions about the use of these formats, this study undertook a national survey of programs offering PhDs in nursing. The purpose of this study was to explore the advantages and disadvantages of the traditional format versus manuscript option for dissertations among nursing PhD programs in the United States...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Jianhong Ma, Zhenxin Zhu, Xiao Chen, Yan Guo, Huansheng Zhang, Yuyan Zhang, Jiajie Zang
OBJECTIVE: To understand parents' knowledge and use of nutrition labelling and to explore its associated factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Two schools providing a nine-year educational programme in Putuo District, Shanghai, China, were selected for the study. Information was included on demographic data and knowledge of the Chinese Food Pagoda. SUBJECTS: Students and their parents (n 1770) participated in a questionnaire survey...
March 7, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Rachel L White, Katie Eberstein, Dawn M Scott
Children nowadays, particularly in urban areas, are more disconnected from nature than ever before, leading to a large-scale "extinction of experience" with the natural world. Yet there are many potential benefits from children interacting with nature first-hand, including via outdoor learning opportunities. Urban environmental education programmes typically aim to increase awareness and knowledge of local biodiversity and to promote positive attitudes and behaviour towards the environment. However, limited research has been conducted evaluating to what extent these interventions achieve their goals...
2018: PloS One
Leslie Sheu, Catherine Burke, Dylan Masters, Patricia S O'Sullivan
Phenomenon: Preclerkship medical education has undergone extensive reform, and the clerkship years are growing targets for curricular innovation. As institutions implement new preclerkship curricula to better prepare medical students to practice medicine in the context of modern healthcare systems, the perspective of clerkship leaders regarding clerkship student roles and potential for change will facilitate redefining these roles so that preclerkship educational innovations can continue into clerkships. APPROACH: In this qualitative exploratory study, authors conducted semistructured interviews with clerkship and site directors for eight core clerkships from April to May 2016...
March 6, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Giorgina B Piccoli, Mona Alrukhaimi, Zhi-Hong Liu, Elena Zakharova, Adeera Levin, Wkd World Kidney Day Steering Committee
Chronic kidney disease affects approximately 10% of the world's adult population; it is within the top 20 causes of death worldwide, and its impact on patients and their families can be devastating. The World Kidney Day and the International Women's Day coincide in 2018, thus offering an opportunity to reflect on the importance of women's health, and specifically their kidney health, on the community and the next generations, as well as to strive to be more curious about the unique aspects of kidney disease in women so that we may apply those learnings more broadly...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
(no author information available yet)
In recent years, wide ranging biomedical innovation has provided powerful new approaches for prevention, diagnosis and management of diseases. In order to translate such innovation into effective practice, physicians must frequently update their knowledge base and skills through continuing medical education and training. Medical Professional Societies, run as not-for-profit organizations led by peers, are uniquely placed to deliver balanced, disease oriented and patient centred education. The medical industry has a major role in the development of new, improved technology, devices and medication...
February 28, 2018: European Heart Journal
Louis Staple, Alix Carter, Jan L Jensen, Mark Walker
BACKGROUND: Paramedics participate in continuing medical education (CME) to maintain their skills and knowledge. An understanding of learning styles is important for education to be effective. This study examined the preferred learning styles of ground ambulance paramedics and describes how their preferred learning styles relate to the elective CME activities these paramedics attend. METHODS: All paramedics (n=1,036) employed in a provincial ground ambulance service were invited to participate in a survey containing three parts: demographics, learning style assessed by the Kolb Learning Style Inventory (LSI), and elective CME activity...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Cassandra S Ward, Amy Andrade, Lena Walker-Winfree
In 1901, Abraham Flexner, a research scholar at the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, visited 155 medical schools in the United States and Canada to assess medical education. Flexner's recommendations became the foundation for the Liaison Committee on Medical Education accreditation, a voluntary, peer-reviewed quality assurance process to determine whether a medical education program meets established standards. The Meharry Medical College School of Medicine, a historically Black college/university (HBCU) established the Office of Curriculum Evaluation and Effectiveness in 2013 to ensure the consistent monitoring of the medical education program's compliance with accreditation standards...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
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