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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732486/the-development-of-a-collective-quality-system-challenges-and-lessons-learned-a-qualitative-study
#1
EDITORIAL
Nienke Buwalda, Jozé Braspenning, Nynke van Dijk, Mechteld Visser
BACKGROUND: The ongoing professionalization of medical education means that quality systems (QSs) aimed at improving medical education also continuously have to improve. The aim of this paper is to describe the development of a collective QS for eight Dutch General Practitioner (GP) specialty training institutes to provide insights into the considerations that are involved in developing a QS in medical education. METHODS: Experts in the field of GP education and quality assurance developed the QS...
July 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726479/motivational-interviewing-and-the-clinical-science-of-carl-rogers
#2
William R Miller, Theresa B Moyers
The clinical method of motivational interviewing (MI) evolved from the person-centered approach of Carl Rogers, maintaining his pioneering commitment to the scientific study of therapeutic processes and outcomes. The development of MI pertains to all 3 of the 125th anniversary themes explored in this special issue. Applications of MI have spread far beyond clinical psychology into fields including health care, rehabilitation, public health, social work, dentistry, corrections, coaching, and education, directly impacting the lives of many people...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724147/community-and-interns-perspectives-on-community-participatory-medical-education-from-passive-to-active-participation
#3
Akiteru Takamura, Hidekazu Misaki, Yousuke Takemura
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The use of community-based medical education as a method of learning primary care is now common worldwide. However, in many cases community participation remains passive. This study sought to explore the effects of introducing community members into medical education as active teachers. Medical education taught directly by community members might be a key to comprehensive community-based learning. METHODS: This study was conducted in Japan at two postgraduate programs in community hospitals...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723811/the-afya-bora-fellowship-an-innovative-program-focused-on-creating-an-interprofessional-network-of-leaders-in-global-health
#4
Wendy M Green, Carey Farquhar, Yohana Mashalla
PROBLEM: Most current health professions education programs are focused on the development of clinical skills. As a result, they may not address the complex and interconnected nature of global health. Trainees require relevant clinical, programmatic, and leadership skills to meet the challenges of practicing in an increasingly globalized environment. APPROACH: To develop health care leaders within sub-Saharan Africa, the Afya Bora Consortium developed a one-year fellowship for medical doctors and nurses...
July 18, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722811/barriers-to-palliative-care-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-home-care-a-qualitative-study-of-the-perspective-of-professional-caregivers
#5
Camilla Askov Mousing, Helle Timm, Kirsten Lomborg, Marit Kirkevold
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the experiences with palliative care in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among professional caregivers in a Danish home care setting. BACKGROUND: Many patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) depend on professional caregivers in the primary sector to provide assistance and care. However, COPD patients receive no or only very little palliative care compared to patients with cancer although they may have many burdensome symptoms...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721120/effective-learning-environments-the-process-of-creating-and-maintaining-an-online-continuing-education-tool
#6
Sharon Davies, Gianni Roberto Lorello, Kristi Downey, Zeev Friedman
Continuing medical education (CME) is an indispensable part of maintaining physicians' competency. Since attending conferences requires clinical absenteeism and is not universally available, online learning has become popular. The purpose of this study is to conduct a retrospective analysis examining the creation process of an anesthesia website for adherence to the published guidelines and, in turn, provide an illustration of developing accredited online CME. Using Kern's guide to curriculum development, our website analysis confirmed each of the six steps was met...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720921/a-team-based-assignment-to-integrate-basic-science-and-pharmacotherapeutic-principles-for-anticancer-agents
#7
Sonali Kurup, Paiboon Jungsuwadee, Prashant Sakharkar
Objective. To implement and evaluate an active-learning, team-based assignment centered on anticancer agents for the integration of basic science and pharmacotherapeutic principles. Methods. Student teams were assigned a specific anticancer agent and were expected to answer a series of questions on the written section of the assignment, followed by a presentation to the class. Each assignment was assessed using a grading rubric that was mapped to the 2013 CAPE educational outcomes. Student perceptions of the assignment were assessed using a short survey...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710208/primary-care-workforce-and-continuous-medical-education-in-china-lessons-to-learn-from-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#8
William C W Wong, ShanZhu Zhu, Jason J Ong, MingHui Peng, Cindy L K Lam, Michael R Kidd, Martin Roland, SunFang Jiang
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the education and training background of Chinese community health centres (CHCs) staff, continuous medical education (CME) and factors affecting participation in CME. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Community health centres (CHCs). PARTICIPANTS: All doctors and nurses working in selected CHCs (excluding those solely practising traditional Chinese Medicine). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: CME recorded by CHCs and self-reported CME participation...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707743/workplace-continuing-education-for-nurses-caring-for-hospitalised-older-people
#9
Jennifer Baumbusch, Maureen Shaw, Marie-Eve Leblanc, Mary Kjorven, Jae-Yung Kwon, Lorraine Blackburn, Barb Lawrie, Marilyn Shamatutu, Angela C Wolff
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To develop, implement and evaluate a workplace continuing education programme about nursing care of hospitalised older people. BACKGROUND: The healthcare system cannot rely solely upon nurses' prelicensure education to prepare them to meet the evolving needs of hospitalised older patients. Over the past decade, there has been a dramatic rise in the proportion of older people in hospitals, yet many nurses do not have specialised knowledge about the unique care needs of this population...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707644/going-the-extra-mile-lessons-learned-from-running-coaches-applied-to-medicine
#10
Ryan Graddy, Scott Wright
Master clinicians and successful long-distance runners have a lot in common. Both are dedicated to continuous improvement and are flexible in their approach, allowing for adaptation to meet unplanned challenges. Given these similarities and the important role of coaches in athletics, there is an opportunity for medical educators to learn from excellent running coaching. The authors spent time with three respected running coaches at different levels (high school, college, and postcollegiate online) and identified six principles employed by these coaches that seem to be particularly relevant for promoting skill development in medicine...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704289/beyond-fidelity-deconstructing-the-seductive-simplicity-of-fidelity-in-simulator-based-education-in-the-health-care-professions
#11
Jordan Richard Schoenherr, Stanley J Hamstra
Fidelity has become a ubiquitous feature of discourse in simulation studies. Recent studies have highlighted the often ambiguous and contradictory manner in which fidelity has been defined, with each definition emphasizing different physical and functional features of simulation. We suggest that regarding fidelity as an objective property of a simulation obscures the interactive nature of the educator-learner relationship and should be abandoned. Rather than conceiving training as tasks performed by an individual in isolation, we suggest that it is more accurately understood as the social learning of affordances...
April 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704187/striving-for-better-medical-education-the-simulation-approach
#12
REVIEW
Boris E Sakakushev, Blagoi I Marinov, Penka P Stefanova, Stefan St Kostianev, Evangelos K Georgiou
Medical simulation is a rapidly expanding area within medical education due to advances in technology, significant reduction in training hours and increased procedural complexity. Simulation training aims to enhance patient safety through improved technical competency and eliminating human factors in a risk free environment. It is particularly applicable to a practical, procedure-orientated specialties. Simulation can be useful for novice trainees, experienced clinicians (e.g. for revalidation) and team building...
June 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702955/mentors-competence-in-mentoring-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-nursing-students-during-clinical-placement
#13
Ashlee Oikarainen, Kristina Mikkonen, Anna-Maria Tuomikoski, Salla Pitkänen, Satu Elo, Heidi Ruotsalainen, Maria Kääriäinen
AIMS: To describe mentors' competence in mentoring culturally and linguistically diverse nursing students during clinical placement and identify the factors that affect mentoring. BACKGROUND: Healthcare education is confronted by several challenges in a time characterized by globalization and increasing international migration. Nursing students from diverse backgrounds continue to experience difficulties during clinical placement. Students can overcome these difficulties and assume responsibility for their learning when mentored by supportive and competent mentors...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701968/perceived-enablers-and-barriers-to-optimal-health-among-music-students-a-qualitative-study-in-the-music-conservatoire-setting
#14
Rosie Perkins, Helen Reid, Liliana S Araújo, Terry Clark, Aaron Williamon
Student health and wellbeing within higher education has been documented as poor in relation to the general population. This is a particular problem among students at music conservatoires, who are studying within a unique educational context that is known to generate both physical and psychological challenges. This article examines how conservatoire students experience health and wellbeing within their institutional context, using a framework from health promotion to focus attention on perceived enablers and barriers to optimal health in relation to three levels: lifestyle, support services, and conservatoire environment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701199/effectiveness-of-distance-learning-strategies-for-continuing-professional-development-cpd-for-rural-allied-health-practitioners-a-systematic-review
#15
Angela Berndt, Carolyn M Murray, Kate Kennedy, Mandy J Stanley, Susan Gilbert-Hunt
BACKGROUND: Allied health professionals working in rural areas face unique challenges, often with limited access to resources. Accessing continuing professional development is one of those challenges and is related to retention of workforce. Effectiveness of distance learning strategies for continuing professional development in rural allied healthcare workers has not been evaluated. METHODS: We searched 17 databases and the grey literature up to September 2016 following the PRISMA guidelines...
July 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699126/a-report-on-ten-asia-pacific-countries-on-current-status-and-future-directions-of-the-genetic-counseling-profession-the-establishment-of-the-professional-society-of-genetic-counselors-in-asia
#16
Mercy Y Laurino, Kathleen A Leppig, Peter James Abad, Breana Cham, Yoyo Wing Yiu Chu, Saahil Kejriwal, Juliana M H Lee, Darci L Sternen, Jennifer K Thompson, Matthew J Burgess, Shu Chien, Niby Elackatt, Jiin Ying Lim, Thanyachai Sura, Sultana Faradz, Carmencita Padilla, Eva Cutiongco de-la Paz, Donny Nauphar, Khanh Ngoc Nguyen, Olya Zayts, Dung Chi Vu, Meow-Keong Thong
The Professional Society of Genetic Counselors in Asia (PSGCA) was recently established as a special interest group of the Asia Pacific Society of Human Genetics. Fostering partnerships across the globe, the PSGCA's vision is to be the lead organization that advances and mainstreams the genetic counseling profession in Asia and ensures individuals have access to genetic counseling services. Its mission is to promote quality genetic counseling services in the region by enhancing practice and curricular standards, research and continuing education...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693545/competence-profiles-in-undergraduate-dental-education-a-comparison-between-theory-and-reality
#17
Sebastiaan Koole, Shani Van Den Brulle, Véronique Christiaens, Wolfgang Jacquet, Jan Cosyn, Hugo De Bruyn
BACKGROUND: Competence profiles are purposed to provide a blueprint in support to develop and/or benchmark the learning outcomes of undergraduate dental curricula. This study aims to investigate whether a competence profile as proposed by academic- and clinical experts is able to represent the real clinical reality. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed including questions about gender and age, perception about required competences, and educational organisation and was distributed among Flemish dentists via email and on paper during a symposium...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686557/the-biopsychosocial-model-40-years-of-application-in-psychiatry
#18
G Papadimitriou
In 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "TheIn 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "Theneed for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine", introducing the term Biopsychosocial Model. This model basedon the results of Engel's studies in ulcerative colitis, depression and psychogenic pain, constituted a challenge for biomedicineand the biomedical model...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685865/development-and-evaluation-of-online-education-to-increase-the-forensic-relevance-of-oral-health-records
#19
Lauren Stow, Denice Higgins
BACKGROUND: Human identification can be reliably established by dental comparison; success is significantly impacted by inadequate antemortem information. Previous Australian research revealed suboptimal recording of features important for forensic dental identification and compliance with Dental Board of Australia guidelines. We hence created and evaluated an online education programme aimed at improving oral health practitioner recording. METHODS: An Interactive Learning Module (ILM) was constructed and released to three focus groups representing practitioners with varying experience levels - Australian Society of Forensic Odontology members, third year dental students and the wider dental community...
July 7, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682661/effects-of-school-gardening-lessons-on-elementary-school-children-s-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time
#20
Erika Rees-Punia, Alicia Holloway, David Knauft, Michael D Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Recess and physical education time continues to diminish, creating a need for additional physical activity opportunities within the school environment. The use of school gardens as a teaching tool in elementary science and math class has the potential to increase the proportion of time spent active throughout the school day. METHODS: Teachers from four elementary schools agreed to teach one math or science lesson per week in the school garden. Student physical activity time was measured with ActiGraph GT3X accelerometers on three garden days and three no garden days at each school...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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