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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346006/public-health-education-teaching-epidemiology-in-high-school-classrooms
#1
Emily D'Agostino
Epidemiology instruction has expanded at the undergraduate level in part because it increases student critical thinking and scientific literacy, promotes students' perception of public health as both practical and relevant, and empowers students as independent, lifelong learners. Why then are more high schools not adopting epidemiology as a course requirement for students? Although prior iterations of high school epidemiology courses are noteworthy for incorporating active and participatory learning, embedding them into existing and continually shifting curricula is challenging and time-consuming, especially for teachers not trained in the field...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344523/clinical-skills-temporal-degradation-assessment-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#2
Joseph Fisher, Rebecca Viscusi, Adam Ratesic, Cameron Johnstone, Ross Kelley, Angela M Tegethoff, Jessica Bates, Elaine H Situ-Lacasse, William J Adamas-Rappaport, Richard Amini
Introduction: Medical students' ability to learn clinical procedures and competently apply these skills is an essential component of medical education. Complex skills with limited opportunity for practice have been shown to degrade without continued refresher training. To our knowledge there is no evidence that objectively evaluates temporal degradation of clinical skills in undergraduate medical education. The purpose of this study was to evaluate temporal retention of clinical skills among third year medical students...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342147/missed-opportunities-do-states-require-screening-of-children-for-health-conditions-that-interfere-with-learning
#3
Delaney Gracy, Anupa Fabian, Corey Hannah Basch, Maria Scigliano, Sarah A MacLean, Rachel K MacKenzie, Irwin E Redlener
METHODS: Investigators reviewed websites of state departments of health and education, and legislation for all 50 states and DC. For states with mandated screenings and a required form, investigators applied structured analysis to assess HBL inclusion. RESULTS: No state mandated that schools require screening for all 7 HBLs. Less than half (49%) required comprehensive school health examinations and only 12 states plus DC required a specific form. Of these, 12 of the forms required documentation of vision screening, 11 of hearing screening, and 12 of dental screening...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341442/motivating-influences-and-ability-based-outcomes-of-dental-hygiene-baccalaureate-education-in-canada
#4
Z Kanji, D M Laronde
BACKGROUND: There is a scarcity of studies on Canadian baccalaureate dental hygienists. As discussions about baccalaureate education for dental hygiene continue on a national level, examining outcomes of earning a dental hygiene degree is paramount. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the motivating reasons and ability-based outcomes of earning a Bachelor of Dental Science in Dental Hygiene (BDSc) degree from the University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada. METHODS: UBC dental hygiene entry-to-practice (ETP) and degree-completion (DC) graduates (n = 116; 32%) from 1994 to 2016 participated in an online mixed-methods survey...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341094/implementing-a-perioperative-nursing-student-summer-internship
#5
Janice Nash, Teya C Kamel, Joanne Sherer, Kathleen Nauer
Using qualitative research and a collaborative academic service partnership, we created an innovative 120-hour perioperative nursing summer internship for eight undergraduate nursing students in 2016. Recognizing that perioperative exposure is limited in the traditional baccalaureate program, this unpaid internship served to clarify student perceptions of perioperative nursing care and encourage graduates to meet perioperative workforce demands. We based the theoretical and practical student learning experiences on the AORN Periop 101 learning modules and included faculty-led discussions, student journaling, and onsite precepted clinical activities...
January 2018: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340549/teaching-model-for-evaluation-of-the-ability-and-competence-progress-in-endosuture-in-surgical-skill-laboratory
#6
Luiz Gonzaga de Moura-Júnior, Almino Ramos, Josemberg Marins Campos, Álvaro Antônio Ferraz, Hermano Ângelo Lima Rocha, Grijalva Otávio Costa
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic manual suturing is probably the most difficult skill to be acquired in minimally invasive surgery. However, laparoscopic exercise endo-sutures can be learned with a simulator and are of great practical importance and clinical applicability, absorbing concepts that are immediately transferred to the operating room. AIM: To assess the progression of skills competence in endo-sutures through realistic simulation model of systematized education...
October 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337708/using-iterative-plan-do-study-act-cycles-to-improve-teaching-pedagogy
#7
Elizabeth J Murray
Most students entering nursing programs today are members of Generation Y or the Millennial generation, and they learn differently than previous generations. Nurse educators must consider implementing innovative teaching strategies that appeal to the newest generation of learners. The Plan-Do-Study-Act cycle is a framework that can be helpful when planning, assessing, and continually improving teaching pedagogy. This article describes the use of iterative Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles to implement a change in teaching pedagogy...
January 15, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336833/education-for-ecmo-providers-using-education-science-to-bridge-the-gap-between-clinical-and-educational-expertise
#8
REVIEW
Lindsay Johnston, Susan B Williams, Anne Ades
A well-organized educational curriculum for the training of both novice and experienced ECMO providers is critical for the continued function of an institutional ECMO program. ELSO provides guidance for the education for ECMO specialists, physicians and staff, which incorporates "traditional" instructor-centered educational methods, such as didactic lectures and technical skill training. Novel research suggests utilization of strategies that align with principles of adult learning to promote active learner involvement and reflection on how the material can be applied to understand existing and new constructs may be more effective...
January 11, 2018: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334752/the-road-to-registration-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-practitioner-training-in-north-queensland
#9
Kristy Hill, Nichole Harvey, Catrina Felton-Busch, Judy Hoskins, Roy Rasalam, Peter Malouf, Sabina Knight
CONTEXT: In 2012, the new profession of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health practitioner (ATSIHP) was registered under the Health Practitioner Regulation National Law Act 2009. The project in this present study evolved out of the Australian Government\'s recognition of the need for the existing Indigenous health worker (IHW) workforce to meet the minimum qualification requirements for registration as ATSIHPs through recognition of prior learning and/or further education. A total of 53 IHWs participated in the upskilling project between June 2014 and June 2015, with approximately 200 IHWs from Queensland expressing an interest in undertaking the training...
January 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334306/learning-science-as-a-potential-new-source-of-understanding-and-improvement-for-continuing-education-and-continuing-professional-development
#10
Thomas J Van Hoof, Terrence J Doyle
Learning science is an emerging interdisciplinary field that offers educators key insights about what happens in the brain when learning occurs. In addition to explanations about the learning process, which includes memory and involves different parts of the brain, learning science offers effective strategies to inform the planning and implementation of activities and programs in continuing education and continuing professional development. This article provides a brief description of learning, including the three key steps of encoding, consolidation and retrieval...
January 15, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330229/determining-the-educational-impact-of-the-introduction-of-practice-based-small-group-learning-within-an-intraprofessional-group-of-doctors
#11
Antony Sean Willman
INTRODUCTION: Practice-Based Small Group Learning (PBSGL) is a system for continuing professional development introduced into Wessex Region Defence Primary Healthcare (DPHC) as the Salisbury Plain PBSGL group in 2012. This is a mixed intraprofessional group comprising general practitioners (GPs), GP trainers, general practice specialist registrars (GPSTs) and general duties medical officers (GDMOs). METHODS: An anonymised online questionnaire and thematic analysis was undertaken to assess the educational impact of PBSGL in such a mixed-role group reflecting military general practice...
January 12, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327140/children-s-experiences-of-congenital-heart-disease-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#12
REVIEW
Lauren S H Chong, Dominic A Fitzgerald, Jonathan C Craig, Karine E Manera, Camilla S Hanson, David Celermajer, Julian Ayer, Nadine A Kasparian, Allison Tong
We aimed to describe the experiences of children and adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD). Electronic databases were searched until August 2016. Qualitative studies of children's perspectives on CHD were included. Data was extracted using thematic synthesis. From 44 studies from 12 countries involving 995 children, we identified 6 themes: disrupting normality (denying the diagnosis, oscillating between sickness and health, destabilizing the family dynamic), powerlessness in deteriorating health (preoccupation with impending mortality, vulnerability to catastrophic complications, exhaustion from medical testing), enduring medical ordeals (traumatized by invasive procedures, disappointed by treatment failure, displaced by transition, valuing empathy and continuity in care, overcoming uncertainty with information), warring with the body (losing stamina, distressing inability to participate in sport, distorted body image, testing the limits), hampering potential and goals (feeling disabled, unfair judgment and exclusion, difficulties with academic achievement, limiting attainment and maintenance of life milestones), and establishing one's own pace (demarcating disease from life, determination to survive, taking limitations in their stride, embracing the positives, finding personal enrichment, relying on social or spiritual support)...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320790/-learning-in-protected-environment-implementation-in-continuing-medical-education
#13
Lion Sieg, Lars Friedrich, Hendrik Eismann
Actual concepts in continuing medical education in acute or emergency medicine contain skill training as well as simulation training. Methods and mechanisms to reduce crisis, like human factor training, shared mental models or closed-loop communication are incorporated. It is unknown which training method is optimal for individual departments in hospitals or for the individual level of education of the healthcare provider. A concept we provide is the so called "learning in protected environment": this environment protects the course participants and our patients from negative consequences of a conventional hands-on training...
January 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318348/-medicine-in-the-digital-age-telemedicine-in-medical-school-education
#14
REVIEW
S Kuhn, F Jungmann
BACKGROUND: The increasing digitization of our lives and work has also reached medicine and is changing the profession of medical doctors. The modern forms of communication and cooperation in everyday medical practice demand new skills and qualifications. GOALS: To enable future doctors to comply with this digitally competent profile, an innovative blended learning curriculum was developed and first implemented at the University Medical Center Mainz in summer semester 2017-Medicine in the Digital Age...
January 9, 2018: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315940/bibliometric-analysis-of-literature-in-pharmacy-education-2000-2016
#15
Waleed M Sweileh, Samah W Al-Jabi, Sa'ed H Zyoud, Ansam F Sawalha
OBJECTIVES: Improving pharmacy education requires continuous research to optimize education and consequently pharmacy practice. The goal of this study is to assess national and international contributions to pharmacy education research and present results in comparative bibliometric format. METHODS: Search strategy based on journal name and specific keywords pertaining to pharmacy education were used to retrieve the worldwide literature in pharmacy education using Scopus database during the period from 2000 to 2016...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306923/graduate-students-experiences-developing-self-efficacy
#16
Francine Laurencelle, Judith Scanlan
The nurse educator shortage continues without an increase in the numbers of graduate prepared nurses. Studies identified challenges in recruitment of nursing graduate students. No studies explore the experiences of nurses during graduate education. The framework used was Bandura's self-efficacy theory. The population for this study included 15 nurse educators with a master's or doctoral degree currently teaching in an undergraduate or graduate program in a western Canadian city. In semi-structured interviews, participants shared their experiences...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306921/building-a-high-quality-oncology-nursing-workforce-through-lifelong-learning-the-de-souza-model
#17
Mary Jane Esplen, Jiahui Wong, Esther Green, Joy Richards, Jane Li
AbstractCancer is one of the leading causes of death in the world. Along with increased new cases, cancer care has become increasingly complex due to advances in diagnostics and treatments, greater survival, and new models of palliative care. Nurses are a critical resource for cancer patients and their families. Their roles and responsibilities are expanding across the cancer care continuum, calling for specialized training and support. Formal education prepares nurses for entry level of practice, however, it does not provide the specialized competencies required for quality care of cancer patients...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306372/twitter-journal-clubs-and-continuing-professional-development-an-analysis-of-a-medradjclub-tweet-chat
#18
A Bolderston, J Watson, N Woznitza, A Westerink, L Di Prospero, G Currie, C Beardmore, J Hewis
INTRODUCTION: Online Twitter journal clubs are a recent and popular innovation with the potential to increase research awareness and inform practice. The medical radiation sciences' MedRadJournalClub (MJRC) is a Twitter-based event that attracts a global group of participants at the monthly chats. An analysis of a recent MedRadJournalClub discussion evaluated the perceived benefits and limitations of medical radiation practitioners participating in an online journal club. METHODS: The February 2017 chat used for analysis was based on the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences article by Currie et al...
February 2018: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287946/what-we-do-and-do-not-know-about-women-and-kidney-diseases-questions-unanswered-and-answers-unquestioned-reflection-on-world-kidney-day-and-international-woman-s-day
#19
Giorgina B Piccoli, Mona Alrukhaimi, Zhi-Hong Liu, Elena Zakharova, Adeera Levin
Chronic kidney disease affects approximately 10% of the world's adult population: it is within the top 20 causes of death worldwide, and its impact on patients and their families can be devastating. World Kidney Day and International Women's Day in 2018 coincide, thus offering an opportunity to reflect on the importance of women's health and specifically their kidney health, on the community, and the next generations, as well as to strive to be more curious about the unique aspects of kidney disease in women so that we may apply those learnings more broadly...
December 26, 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282069/health-system-s-response-for-physician-workforce-shortages-and-the-upcoming-crisis-in-ethiopia-a-grounded-theory-research
#20
Tsion Assefa, Damen Haile Mariam, Wubegzier Mekonnen, Miliard Derbew
BACKGROUND: A rapid transition from severe physician workforce shortage to massive production to ensure the physician workforce demand puts the Ethiopian health care system in a variety of challenges. Therefore, this study discovered how the health system response for physician workforce shortage using the so-called flooding strategy was viewed by different stakeholders. METHODS: The study adopted the grounded theory research approach to explore the causes, contexts, and consequences (at the present, in the short and long term) of massive medical student admission to the medical schools on patient care, medical education workforce, and medical students...
December 28, 2017: Human Resources for Health
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