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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728212/men-s-information-seeking-behaviour-regarding-cancer-risk-and-screening-a-meta-narrative-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Mohamad M Saab, Mary Reidy, Josephine Hegarty, Mairin O'Mahony, Mike Murphy, Christian Von Wagner, Frances J Drummond
OBJECTIVE: Preventive strategies are known to reduce cancer risk and incidence and improve prognosis. Men seldom seek medical information about cancer prevention and risk reduction. The aim of this meta-narrative systematic review was to critically appraise evidence from qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-methods studies that explored men's information-seeking behaviours in relation to cancer prevention and risk reduction. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, Education Full Text, and ERIC were systematically searched for studies published in English between January 1(st) 2006 and May 30(th) 2016...
July 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726532/local-to-global-working-together-to-meet-the-needs-of-vulnerable-communities
#2
Anne Dressel, Lucy Mkandawire-Valhmu, Ann Dietrich, Ellen Chirwa, Florence Mgawadere, Sylvia Kambalametore, Peninnah Kako
Since 2012, the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM) faculty from nursing and physical therapy (PT) have been working together towards a common goal: to meet the healthcare needs of vulnerable populations in Malawi and Milwaukee. Sharing valuable knowledge and understanding one another's professions have allowed us to develop interprofessional education (IPE) learning experiences for students to help identify how quality of life could be improved or enhanced for children and their families across two different geographic spaces, one in rural Malawi and the other in urban Milwaukee...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726479/motivational-interviewing-and-the-clinical-science-of-carl-rogers
#3
William R Miller, Theresa B Moyers
The clinical method of motivational interviewing (MI) evolved from the person-centered approach of Carl Rogers, maintaining his pioneering commitment to the scientific study of therapeutic processes and outcomes. The development of MI pertains to all 3 of the 125th anniversary themes explored in this special issue. Applications of MI have spread far beyond clinical psychology into fields including health care, rehabilitation, public health, social work, dentistry, corrections, coaching, and education, directly impacting the lives of many people...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725785/pathology-course-director-perspectives-of-a-recent-lcme-experience-preparation-in-an-integrated-curriculum-with-the-revised-standards
#4
Barbara E C Knollmann-Ritschel, Eric Suarez, William Gilliland, Richard Conran, Arnyce Pock
Preparation for a Liaison Committee of Medical Education (LCME) accreditation site visit is a daunting task for any medical school, particularly for medical schools that have adopted integrated curricula. The LCME accreditation is the standard that all US and Canadian allopathic medical schools must meet in order for the school to award the degree of medical doctor. The Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU) recently underwent a full-scale LCME accreditation visit that was conducted under the newly revised LCME standards and elements...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724672/accountable-care-communities-moving-from-health-care-delivery-systems-to-systems-of-health
#5
Berkeley Yorkery
Research has shown that individuals' health outcomes often have more to do with the conditions in which they live, learn, work, and age than the medical care they receive. However, traditional health care is not designed to address the social, behavioral, and economic factors (eg, housing, transportation, access to healthy food, education, and health behaviors) that impact health outcomes. Accountable care communities are showing that it is possible to design systems that are successful at both addressing social and economic factors and improving population health...
July 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724511/apps-for-health-related-education-in-pharmacy-practice-needs-assessment-survey-among-patients-within-a-large-metropolitan-area
#6
Sean M Mirk, Nicole Marie Wegrzyn
BACKGROUND: Patient education resources are crucial to the effectiveness of prescribed pharmacotherapy. However, user interest and patient preference for these materials is lacking. Regardless of the field, nearly every article on designing mHealth apps references the lack of end-user involvement as a key flaw to sustainable design. The traditional paper-based methods of patient education are difficult to tailor to a patient's specific needs and learning styles, but a customizable app might be beneficial...
July 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724408/learning-intraprofessional-collaboration-by-participating-in-a-consultation-programme-what-and-how-did-primary-and-secondary-care-trainees-learn
#7
Marijn Janssen, Margaretha H Sagasser, Elisabeth A M Laro, Jacqueline de Graaf, Nynke D Scherpbier-de Haan
BACKGROUND: A growing number of patients require overview and management in both primary and secondary care. This situation requires that primary and secondary care professionals have well developed collaborative skills. While knowledge about interprofessional collaboration and education is rising, little is known about intraprofessional collaboration and education between physicians of various disciplines. This study examines a newly developed consultation programme for trainees in general practice and internal medicine to acquire intraprofessional collaboration skills...
July 19, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724281/the-virtual-asthma-guideline-e-learning-program-learning-effectiveness-and-user-satisfaction
#8
Sung-Yoon Kang, Sae-Hoon Kim, Yong-Eun Kwon, Tae-Bum Kim, Hye-Kyung Park, Heung-Woo Park, Yoon-Seok Chang, Young-Koo Jee, Hee-Bom Moon, Kyung-Up Min, Sang-Heon Cho
Background/Aims: Effective educational tools are important for increasing adherence to asthma guidelines and clinical improvement of asthma patients. We developed a computer-based interactive education program for asthma guideline named the Virtual Learning Center for Asthma Management (VLCAM). We evaluated the usefulness of program in terms of its effects on user awareness of asthma guideline and level of satisfaction. Methods: Physicians-in-training at tertiary hospitals in Korea were enrolled in a cross-sectional questionnaire survey...
July 21, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724154/mapping-residency-global-health-experiences-to-the-acgme-family-medicine-milestones
#9
Maureen O Grissom, Tochi Iroku-Malize, Rita Peila, Marco Perez, Neubert Philippe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Global health (GH) experiences are a unique part of family medicine (FM) training that offer an opportunity for residents to demonstrate development across a multitude of the milestones recently implemented by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). The GH experience presents an opportunity for resident development, and including a component of written reflection can provide tangible evidence of development in areas that can be difficult to assess...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724153/actual-and-standardized-patient-evaluations-of-medical-students-skills
#10
Amelia L Sattler, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Steven Y Lin, Erika Schillinger
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Physicians must communicate effectively with patients. Actual patients (APs) rarely evaluate medical students' clinical skills; instead, standardized patients (SPs) provide proxy ratings. It is unclear how well SP ratings mirror AP experiences. The aim of this study was to compare AP and SP assessments of medical students' communication skills and professionalism. We hypothesized that their perspectives would be similar, but distinct, and offer insight about how to more reliably include the patient's voice in medical education...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724149/using-reflections-to-evaluate-the-stfm-behavioral-science-family-systems-educator-fellowship
#11
Deborah A Taylor, Victoria Gorski, Sandra K Burge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A group of family medicine educators identified a need and developed a 1-year fellowship for early career behavioral science educators. This occurred in response to a reduction in previous opportunities and resources. The program was designed to shape and mentor new behavioral science faculty teaching in family medicine departments and programs. Quantitative data analysis from pre- and post-fellowship survey data from years 1-4 confirmed fellowship objectives were met...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724147/community-and-interns-perspectives-on-community-participatory-medical-education-from-passive-to-active-participation
#12
Akiteru Takamura, Hidekazu Misaki, Yousuke Takemura
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The use of community-based medical education as a method of learning primary care is now common worldwide. However, in many cases community participation remains passive. This study sought to explore the effects of introducing community members into medical education as active teachers. Medical education taught directly by community members might be a key to comprehensive community-based learning. METHODS: This study was conducted in Japan at two postgraduate programs in community hospitals...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723986/the-contributions-of-digital-technologies-in-the-teaching-of-nursing-skills-an-integrative-review
#13
Maurício de Souza Silveira, Ana Luísa Petersen Cogo
Objective: To analyze the contributions of digital educational technologies used in teaching nursing skills. Method: Integrative literature review, search in five databases, from 2006 to 2015 combining the descriptors 'education, nursing', 'educational technology', 'computer-assisted instruction' or related terms in English. Results: Sample of 30 articles grouped in the thematic categories 'technology in the simulation with manikin', 'incentive to learning' and 'teaching of nursing skills'...
July 13, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723943/stress-enhances-model-free-reinforcement-learning-only-after-negative-outcome
#14
Heyeon Park, Daeyeol Lee, Jeanyung Chey
Previous studies found that stress shifts behavioral control by promoting habits while decreasing goal-directed behaviors during reward-based decision-making. It is, however, unclear how stress disrupts the relative contribution of the two systems controlling reward-seeking behavior, i.e. model-free (or habit) and model-based (or goal-directed). Here, we investigated whether stress biases the contribution of model-free and model-based reinforcement learning processes differently depending on the valence of outcome, and whether stress alters the learning rate, i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723811/the-afya-bora-fellowship-an-innovative-program-focused-on-creating-an-interprofessional-network-of-leaders-in-global-health
#15
Wendy M Green, Carey Farquhar, Yohana Mashalla
PROBLEM: Most current health professions education programs are focused on the development of clinical skills. As a result, they may not address the complex and interconnected nature of global health. Trainees require relevant clinical, programmatic, and leadership skills to meet the challenges of practicing in an increasingly globalized environment. APPROACH: To develop health care leaders within sub-Saharan Africa, the Afya Bora Consortium developed a one-year fellowship for medical doctors and nurses...
July 18, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722811/barriers-to-palliative-care-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-home-care-a-qualitative-study-of-the-perspective-of-professional-caregivers
#16
Camilla Askov Mousing, Helle Timm, Kirsten Lomborg, Marit Kirkevold
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the experiences with palliative care in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among professional caregivers in a Danish home care setting. BACKGROUND: Many patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) depend on professional caregivers in the primary sector to provide assistance and care. However, COPD patients receive no or only very little palliative care compared to patients with cancer although they may have many burdensome symptoms...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722172/intentional-learning-a-concept-analysis
#17
Sarah Mollman, Lori Candela
AIM: To use a concept analysis to determine a clear definition of the term "intentional learning" for use in nursing. BACKGROUND: The term intentional learning has been used for years in educational, business, and even nursing literature. It has been used to denote processes leading to higher order thinking and the ability to use knowledge in new situations; both of which are important skills to develop in nursing students. But the lack of a common, accepted definition of the term makes it difficult for nurse educators to base instruction and learning experiences on or to evaluate its overall effectiveness in educating students for diverse, fast-paced clinical practices...
July 19, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721988/attitude-of-bachelor-of-dental-surgery-students-and-interns-toward-teaching-learning-process-in-government-dental-college-kottayam-kerala-india
#18
Sandhya Gopalakrishnan, Philip Mathew, Kannan Vaidyanathan
INTRODUCTION: The educational environment affects the academic performance of students. One of the most widely utilized tools for measuring the educational environment is Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM). The objective of the study was to assess the attitude toward study environment, as measured using DREEM questionnaire, and to find out the differences in perception of various batches of dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All Bachelor of Dental Surgery students from Government Dental College, Kottayam, Kerala, India, were included in the study...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721748/influence-of-nationality-on-the-brief-international-cognitive-assessment-for-multiple-sclerosis-bicams
#19
A Smerbeck, Ralph H B Benedict, Arman Eshaghi, Sandra Vanotti, Carina Spedo, Jana Blahova Dusankova, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Vanessa D Marques, Dawn Langdon
OBJECTIVE: In answer to the call for improved accessibility of neuropsychological services to the international community, the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS; MS) was validated in multiple, non-English-speaking countries. It was created to monitor processing speed and learning in MS patients, including abbreviated versions of the Symbol Digit Modalities Test, California Verbal Learning Test, 2nd Edition, and the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test, Revised...
July 19, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721313/2016-writing-contest-graduate-winner-cardiovascular-disease-training-for-community-health-workers-serving-native-hawaiians-and-other-pacific-peoples
#20
Chace DI Moleta, Mele A Look, Mililani K Trask-Batti, Tricia Mabellos, Marjorie L Mau
To help community health workers (CHW) meet increased demand for their services, it is essential to have data supported strategies for approaches to their training and capacity development. The objective of this paper is to report on the development, implementation, and evaluation of "Heart 101," a cardiovascular disease (CVD) training program, conducted among CHW in Hawai'i who serve Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Peoples (NHPP). Principles from Community-Based Participatory Research provided a framework to develop and implement the 5-hour training curriculum...
July 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
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