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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777110/using-network-analysis-for-the-prediction-of-treatment-dropout-in-patients-with-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-a-methodological-proof-of-concept-study
#1
Wolfgang Lutz, Brian Schwartz, Stefan G Hofmann, Aaron J Fisher, Kristin Husen, Julian A Rubel
There are large health, societal, and economic costs associated with attrition from psychological services. The recently emerged, innovative statistical tool of complex network analysis was used in the present proof-of-concept study to improve the prediction of attrition. Fifty-eight patients undergoing psychological treatment for mood or anxiety disorders were assessed using Ecological Momentary Assessments four times a day for two weeks before treatment (3,248 measurements). Multilevel vector autoregressive models were employed to compute dynamic symptom networks...
May 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766550/what-advice-is-given-to-newly-qualified-doctors-on-twitter-an-analysis-of-tipsfornewdocs-tweets
#2
Mohammed Ahmed Rashid, Doug McKechnie, Deborah Gill
CONTEXT: Twitter is a social media platform on which users post very brief messages that can be rapidly communicated across wide geographical areas and audiences. Many doctors use Twitter for personal as well as professional communications and networking. The #TipsForNewDocs hashtag is used on Twitter to give advice to newly qualified doctors as they commence their careers. This study explores the nature and focus of such advice. METHODS: An analysis of Twitter activity containing the #TipsForNewDocs hashtag was performed using Symplur health care analytics software...
May 15, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754114/the-value-of-continuing-professional-development-a-realistic-evaluation-of-a-multi-disciplinary-workshop-for-health-visitors-dealing-with-children-with-complex-needs
#3
Alison Steven, Valerie Larkin, Jane Stewart, Belinda Bateman
BACKGROUND: Continuing Professional Development is important for maintaining and developing knowledge and skills. Evidence regarding direct impact on practice is limited. Existing literature often lacks sufficient detail regarding the initiative or its evaluation, making transferability problematic. OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact and perceived value of multi-disciplinary Continuing Professional Development workshops for Health Visitors who support families with children with complex health needs...
April 21, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741963/challenges-and-strategies-for-coping-with-scleroderma-implications-for-a-scleroderma-specific-self-management-program
#4
Katherine Milette, Brett D Thombs, Kristina Maiorino, Warren R Nielson, Annett Körner, Sandra Peláez
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore challenges faced by patients with systemic sclerosis, also called scleroderma, in coping with their disease and the strategies they used to face those challenges. METHOD: Five focus groups were held with scleroderma patients (4 groups, n = 34) and health care professionals who have experience treating scleroderma (1 group, n = 8). Participants' discussions were recorded, transcribed and analyzed using thematic analysis...
May 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738621/using-social-network-research-to-improve-outcomes-in-natural-resource-management
#5
REVIEW
Julie E Groce, Megan A Farrelly, Bradley S Jorgensen, Carly N Cook
The conservation and management of natural resources operates within social-ecological systems, in which resource users are embedded in social and environmental contexts that influence their management decisions. Characterizing social networks of resource users has received growing interest as an approach for understanding social influences on decision-making, and social network analysis (SNA) has emerged as a useful technique to explore these relationships. In this review, we synthesize how SNA has been used in studies of natural resource management...
May 8, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724613/perceptions-of-singaporean-patients-living-with-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#6
Sim Leng Ooi, Betsy Seah, Vivien Xi Wu, Karen Wei Ling Koh, Nana Jiao, Hong-Gu He, Wenru Wang
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) as a preventive approach for high-risk patients with arrhythmias, little is known about the perceptions of ICD recipients regarding these devices and their impact on quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To explore perceptions towards quality of life, coping strategies, and learning needs of patients living with ICDs in Singapore. METHODS: 16 participants (age ranges 52 to 84 years old) were purposively recruited and interviewed individually for this exploratory qualitative study...
April 30, 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710833/social-sentiment-sensor-in-twitter-for-predicting-cyber-attacks-using-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-regularization
#7
Aldo Hernandez-Suarez, Gabriel Sanchez-Perez, Karina Toscano-Medina, Victor Martinez-Hernandez, Hector Perez-Meana, Jesus Olivares-Mercado, Victor Sanchez
In recent years, online social media information has been the subject of study in several data science fields due to its impact on users as a communication and expression channel. Data gathered from online platforms such as Twitter has the potential to facilitate research over social phenomena based on sentiment analysis, which usually employs Natural Language Processing and Machine Learning techniques to interpret sentimental tendencies related to users’ opinions and make predictions about real events...
April 29, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706132/when-complexity-science-meets-implementation-science-a-theoretical-and-empirical-analysis-of-systems-change
#8
Jeffrey Braithwaite, Kate Churruca, Janet C Long, Louise A Ellis, Jessica Herkes
BACKGROUND: Implementation science has a core aim - to get evidence into practice. Early in the evidence-based medicine movement, this task was construed in linear terms, wherein the knowledge pipeline moved from evidence created in the laboratory through to clinical trials and, finally, via new tests, drugs, equipment, or procedures, into clinical practice. We now know that this straight-line thinking was naïve at best, and little more than an idealization, with multiple fractures appearing in the pipeline...
April 30, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658798/mock-echo-a-simulation-based-medical-education-method
#9
Rebecca C Fowler, Joanna G Katzman, George D Comerci, Brian M Shelley, Daniel Duhigg, Cynthia Olivas, Thomas Arnold, Summers Kalishman, Rebecca Monnette, Sanjeev Arora
PROBLEM: This study was designed to develop a deeper understanding of the learning and social processes that take place during the simulation-based medical education for practicing providers as part of the Project ECHO® model, known as Mock ECHO training. The ECHO model is utilized to expand access to care of common and complex diseases by supporting the education of primary care providers with an interprofessional team of specialists via videoconferencing networks. INTERVENTION: Mock ECHO trainings are conducted through a train the trainer model targeted at leaders replicating the ECHO model at their organizations...
April 16, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601680/global-networking-meeting-the-challenges-facilitating-collaboration
#10
M Botelho, R Oancea, H F Thomas, C Paganelli, P J Ferrillo
The constant change of information and technology advancement as well as the impact of social media has radically changed the world and education and, in particular, the needs of students, organisations and disadvantaged communities who share the aim of training and providing quality healthcare services. Dental organisations and education centres around the world have recognised the importance of networking in delivering effective education to students, healthcare professionals and communities. Networking is one way to meet the challenges of delivering healthcare education and services...
March 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570382/-cleftproud-a-content-analysis-and-online-survey-of-2-cleft-lip-and-palate-facebook-groups
#11
Nicola Marie Stock, Anna Martindale, Claire Cunniffe
BACKGROUND: More than 2 billion people worldwide now use social networking sites, with an increasing number of users accessing these sites to obtain health information and engage in emotional support. Yet, investigation of social networking sites in the context of cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) has been scarce. METHODS: Real-time data posted during 2 weeks in April 2017 were collected from 2 existing private Facebook groups (hosted by the Cleft Lip and Palate Association United Kingdom) using video screen capture software...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569637/towards-distribution-based-control-of-social-networks
#12
Dave McKenney, Tony White
Background: Complex networks are found in many domains and the control of these networks is a research topic that continues to draw increasing attention. This paper proposes a method of network control that attempts to maintain a specified target distribution of the network state. In contrast to many existing network control research works, which focus exclusively on structural analysis of the network, this paper also accounts for user actions/behaviours within the network control problem...
2018: Computational social networks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566058/how-social-network-analysis-can-be-used-to-monitor-online-collaborative-learning-and-guide-an-informed-intervention
#13
Mohammed Saqr, Uno Fors, Matti Tedre, Jalal Nouri
To ensure online collaborative learning meets the intended pedagogical goals (is actually collaborative and stimulates learning), mechanisms are needed for monitoring the efficiency of online collaboration. Various studies have indicated that social network analysis can be particularly effective in studying students' interactions in online collaboration. However, research in education has only focused on the theoretical potential of using SNA, not on the actual benefits they achieved. This study investigated how social network analysis can be used to monitor online collaborative learning, find aspects in need of improvement, guide an informed intervention, and assess the efficacy of intervention using an experimental, observational repeated-measurement design in three courses over a full-term duration...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558199/emergency-risk-communication-lessons-learned-from-a-rapid-review-of-recent-gray-literature-on-ebola-zika-and-yellow-fever
#14
Deborah Toppenberg-Pejcic, Jane Noyes, Tomas Allen, Nyka Alexander, Marsha Vanderford, Gaya Gamhewage
A rapid review of gray literature from 2015 to 2016 was conducted to identify the lessons learned for emergency risk communication from recent outbreaks of Ebola, Zika, and yellow fever. Gray literature databases and key websites were searched and requests for documents were posted to expert networks. A total of 83 documents met inclusion criteria, 68 of which are cited in this report. This article focuses on the 3 questions, out of 12 posed by World Health Organization as part of a Guideline development process, dealing most directly with communicating risk during health emergencies: community engagement, trust building, and social media...
March 20, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555624/social-media-as-a-catalyst-for-policy-action-and-social-change-for-health-and-well-being-viewpoint
#15
Douglas Yeung
This viewpoint paper argues that policy interventions can benefit from the continued use of social media analytics, which can serve as an important complement to traditional social science data collection and analysis. Efforts to improve well-being should provide an opportunity to explore these areas more deeply, and encourage the efforts of those conducting national and local data collection on health to incorporate more of these emerging data sources. Social media remains a relatively untapped source of information to catalyze policy action and social change...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536285/hiv-prevention-and-sex-behaviors-as-organizing-mechanisms-in-a-facebook-group-affiliation-network-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#16
Lindsay E Young, Kayo Fujimoto, John A Schneider
Online social networking sites (SNS)-the Internet-based platforms that enable connection and communication between users-are increasingly salient social environments for young adults and, consequently, offer tremendous opportunity for HIV behavioral research and intervention among vulnerable populations like young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Drawing from a cohort of 525 young Black MSM (YBMSM) living in Chicago, IL, USA April 2014-May 2015, we conducted social network analysis, estimating an exponential random graph model (ERGM) to model YBMSM's group affiliations on Facebook in relation to their sex behaviors and HIV prevention traits...
March 13, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495666/wavefront-cellular-learning-automata
#17
Behnaz Moradabadi, Mohammad Reza Meybodi
This paper proposes a new cellular learning automaton, called a wavefront cellular learning automaton (WCLA). The proposed WCLA has a set of learning automata mapped to a connected structure and uses this structure to propagate the state changes of the learning automata over the structure using waves. In the WCLA, after one learning automaton chooses its action, if this chosen action is different from the previous action, it can send a wave to its neighbors and activate them. Each neighbor receiving the wave is activated and must choose a new action...
February 2018: Chaos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490665/south-south-collaboration-on-hiv-aids-prevention-and-treatment-research-when-birds-of-a-feather-rarely-flock-together
#18
Bruna de Paula Fonseca E Fonseca, Priscila Costa Albuquerque, Ed Noyons, Fabio Zicker
BACKGROUND: South-south collaboration on health and development research is a critical mechanism for social and economic progress. It allows sharing and replicating experiences to find a "southern solution" to meet shared health challenges, such as access to adequate HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment. This study aimed to generate evidence on the dynamics of south-south collaboration in HIV/AIDS research, which could ultimately inform stakeholders on the progress and nature of collaboration towards increased research capacities in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC)...
March 1, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484809/living-with-schizophrenia-in-rural-communities-in-north-east-thailand
#19
Darunee Rujkorakarn, Supatra Buatee, Surada Jundeekrayom, Andrew C Mills
In the rural villages of Thailand, rich social support networks exist that bond the community members to help each other. This study explored the barriers and facilitators of living with schizophrenia in Thai villages. A descriptive qualitative study was conducted using semi-structured interviews with individuals with schizophrenia, family members, and significant others. Content analysis of transcripts involved examining the data, recording observations, data reduction, and coding themes. Four main themes emerged from the narratives: (i) keep doing day-to-day activities as a way of life; (ii) support sustains day-to-day living; (iii) controlling medication side effects maintains daily living; and (iv) managing self maintains daily living...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409481/how-the-study-of-online-collaborative-learning-can-guide-teachers-and-predict-students-performance-in-a-medical-course
#20
Mohammed Saqr, Uno Fors, Matti Tedre
BACKGROUND: Collaborative learning facilitates reflection, diversifies understanding and stimulates skills of critical and higher-order thinking. Although the benefits of collaborative learning have long been recognized, it is still rarely studied by social network analysis (SNA) in medical education, and the relationship of parameters that can be obtained via SNA with students' performance remains largely unknown. The aim of this work was to assess the potential of SNA for studying online collaborative clinical case discussions in a medical course and to find out which activities correlate with better performance and help predict final grade or explain variance in performance...
February 6, 2018: BMC Medical Education
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