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Anorectal malformation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920029/exstrophy-bladder-with-low-anorectal-malformation-a-rare-association
#1
Aditya Pratap Singh, Vinay Mathur, Ramesh Tanger, Arun Kumar Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916047/anorectal-malformation-hirschsprung-s-disease-a-cross-sectional-comparison-of-quality-of-life-and-bowel-function-to-healthy-controls
#2
Shireen Anne Nah, Caroline C P Ong, Seyed Ehsan Saffari, Lin Yin Ong, Te-Lu Yap, Yee Low, Anette S Jacobsen
BACKGROUND: Patients with anorectal malformation (ARM) and Hirschsprung's disease (HD) face long-term disturbance in bowel function even after definitive surgery. This study evaluates the quality of life (QOL) of patients with ARM and HD, and compares them to healthy controls using self-report questionnaires. METHODOLOGY: A prospective study was performed recruiting patients with ARM or HD from September 2013 to December 2014 who had primary surgery done in our institution at least 2 years prior to participation...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876575/neonatal-surgery-a-study-of-two-years-at-nelson-mandela-academic-hospital-mthatha-eastern-cape
#3
A Delgado, A Cejas, D Bangasa
BACKGROUND: Advances in diagnostic techniques and perioperative care have greatly improved the outcome of neonatal surgery. Despite this, disparity still exists in the outcome of neonatal surgery between developed and developing countries. METHOD: We performed a prospective study of neonates admitted and treated due to surgical congenital diseases and other conditions in our hospital from April 2015 to April 2017. RESULTS: There were 19 (28,7%) females and 47 (70,3%) males in this group...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871380/mri-of-anal-canal-common-anal-and-perianal-disorders-beyond-fistulas-part-2
#4
REVIEW
Ayşe Erden
A broad spectrum of disease, from benign processes to life-threatening pathologies, can cause anal pain. MR imaging (MRI) has become increasingly widely used method over the past two decades for the evaluation of individuals with anorectal symptoms. Although imaging is rarely necessary to determine the etiology of the majority of cases, MRI is particularly useful as a noninvasive method of excluding severe neoplastic conditions. In this article, MRI findings of a number of pathologies such as anal and perianal neoplasms, hemorrhoidal disease, arteriovenous malformation of the perianal region, and anal sphincter lesions (defects, scarring, atrophy) which may lead to fecal incontinence are presented...
September 4, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857374/histology-with-immunohistochemistry-of-the-fistula-region-in-female-anorectal-malformation-can-it-be-used-for-neo-anus-reconstruction
#5
Anand Pandey, Pinky Pandey, Shailendra P Singh, Savita Agarwal, Vipin Gupta, Rajesh Verma
AIM: Female anorectal malformation is characterised by communication to the exterior by a fistula. There are conflicting reports of the presence of normal anus in the fistula region. This study was undertaken to assess the histopathology and immunohistochemical correlation of the terminal portion of the fistula in female patients and suitability of fistula incorporation in the reconstruction of the neo-anus. METHODS: This prospective study included 13 patients of female anorectal malformation...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852767/european-society-of-paediatric-radiology-abdominal-imaging-task-force-recommendations-in-paediatric-uroradiology-part-ix-imaging-in-anorectal-and-cloacal-malformation-imaging-in-childhood-ovarian-torsion-and-efforts-in-standardising-paediatric-uroradiology
#6
REVIEW
Michael Riccabona, Maria-Luisa Lobo, Lil-Sofie Ording-Muller, A Thomas Augdal, E Fred Avni, Johan Blickman, Constanza Bruno, Beatrice Damasio, Kassa Darge, Akaterina Ntoulia, Frederica Papadopoulou, Pierre-Hugues Vivier
At the occasion of the European Society of Paediatric Radiology (ESPR) annual meeting 2015 in Graz, Austria, the newly termed ESPR abdominal (gastrointestinal and genitourinary) imaging task force set out to complete the suggestions for paediatric urogenital imaging and procedural recommendations. Some of the last missing topics were addressed and proposals on imaging of children with anorectal and cloacal malformations and suspected ovarian torsion were issued after intense discussions and a consensus finding process that considered all evidence...
September 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840291/augmented-pressure-distal-colostogram-the-most-important-diagnostic-tool-for-planning-definitive-surgical-repair-of-anorectal-malformations-in-boys
#7
Steven J Kraus, Marc A Levitt, Alberto Peña
There is little current literature on the augmented-pressure distal colostogram, the single most important diagnostic study performed in boys with imperforate anus prior to definitive repair. Accurate understanding of the anatomy of the anorectal malformation including an associated fistulous communication between the rectum and the urogenital tract is essential for optimal surgical management. Specifically, the position of the rectal pouch and recto-urinary fistula relative to posterior sagittal structures of the perineum, especially the sacral spine, dictates the operative approach...
August 24, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837998/understanding-experiences-of-youth-growing-up-with-anorectal-malformation-or-hirschsprung-s-disease-to-inform-transition-care-a-qualitative-in-depth-interview-study
#8
Shireen Anne Nah, Caroline C P Ong, Desiree Lie, Vicknesan Jeyan Marimuttu, Julian Hong, Yap Te-Lu, Yee Low, Anette Sundfor Jacobsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817893/re-peristeen%C3%A2-transanal-irrigation-in-paediatric-patients-with-anorectal-malformations-and-spinal-cord-lesions-a-multicentre-italian-study
#9
Douglas A Canning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817892/re-outcome-in-adults-with-anorectal-malformations-in-relation-to-modern-classification-which-patients-do-we-need-to-follow-beyond-childhood
#10
Douglas A Canning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799195/sacral-nerve-stimulation-for-constipation-and-fecal-incontinence-in-children-long-term-outcomes-patient-benefit-and-parent-satisfaction
#11
P L Lu, I J N Koppen, D K Orsagh-Yentis, K Leonhart, E J Ambeba, K J Deans, P C Minneci, S Teich, K A Diefenbach, S A Alpert, M A Benninga, D Yacob, C Di Lorenzo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term efficacy of sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) in children with constipation and describe patient benefit and parent satisfaction. METHODS: Using a prospective patient registry, we identified patients <21 years old with constipation treated with SNS for >2 years. We compared symptoms, medical treatment, PedsQL Gastrointestinal Symptom Scale (GSS), Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life Scale (FIQL), and Fecal Incontinence Severity Index (FISI) before SNS and at follow-up...
August 10, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797517/gynecologic-anatomic-abnormalities-following-anorectal-malformations-repair
#12
Alejandra Vilanova-Sanchez, Carlos A Reck, Kate A McCracken, Victoria A Lane, Alessandra C Gasior, Richard J Wood, Marc A Levitt, Geri D Hewitt
BACKGROUND/AIM: Patients may present with gynecologic concerns after previous posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) for repair of an anorectal malformation (ARM). Common findings include an inadequate or shortened perineal body, as well as introital stenosis, retained vaginal septum, and remnant rectovestibular fistula. An inadequate or shortened perineal body may impact fecal continence, sexual function and recommendations regarding obstetrical mode of delivery. We describe our experience with female patients referred to our center for evaluation of their previously repaired ARM, with a specific focus on perineal body anatomy and concomitant gynecologic abnormalities...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796979/anovestibular-fistula-in-an-infant-with-retroviral-infection-case-report
#13
Deepa Makhija, Hemanshi Shah, Charu Tiwari, Jayesh Desale
A vestibular fistula with a normal anus is a rare subtype of anorectal malformation seen more often in East Asia and India. Though mostly congenital, some authors have suggested acquired etiologies for this condition. Infants with retroviral infection have been reported to develop acquired rectovestibular fistulas. We report a case of an infant anovestibular fistula in a patient with retroviral infection.
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774507/clinical-factors-associated-with-in-hospital-death-in-pediatric-surgical-patients-admitted-to-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-15-year-single-tertiary-center-experience
#14
Kohei Otake, Keiichi Uchida, Michiko Kubo, Akira Yamamoto, Yuka Nagano, Ryo Uratani, Kiyoshi Hashimoto, Kohei Matsushita, Mikihiro Inoue, Hirofumi Sawada, Masato Kusunoki
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore clinical characteristics and primary surgical diagnoses associated with in-hospital death in pediatric surgical patients admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a tertiary hospital. METHODS: This retrospective study includes all patients admitted to our NICU for pediatric surgical diseases between January 2001 and December 2015. Univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression were performed to assess independent factors associated with in-hospital death...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770135/type-v-pouch-colon-prune-belly-syndrome-and-congenital-anterior-urethrocutaneous-fistula
#15
Prince Raj, Hirendra Birua
Congenital pouch colon (CPC) or short colon syndrome is a rare type of anorectal malformation(ARM). Type V is the rarest form of CPC. We present a 1-day-old male child with type V CPC with prune belly syndrome and congenital anterior urethrocutaneous fistula (CAUF).
April 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770126/anorectal-malformations-histomorphological-and-immunohistochemical-evaluation-of-neuronal-dysfunction
#16
Yashika Bhatia, Sunita Singh, Kamal Nain Rattan, Padam Parmar, Divya Sahni, Rajeev Sen
OBJECTIVE: The patients with anorectal malformations (ARM) have been identified with specific and non-specific pathological changes. The present study was conducted with the aim to study histomorphological changes and various immunohistochemical (IHC) markers (calretinin, S-100, CD117) in intestinal wall specimens to assess neuronal dysfunction in ARM patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty children having ARM were included in our study. In all the cases, a representative biopsy was received...
April 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733158/clinical-and-urodynamic-outcomes-in-children-with-anorectal-malformation-subtype-of-recto-bladder-neck-fistula
#17
A C Strine, B A VanderBrink, Z Alam, M Schulte, P H Noh, W R DeFoor, E Minevich, C A Sheldon, J S Frischer, P P Reddy
INTRODUCTION: Patients with anorectal malformations (ARMs) have a high incidence of genitourinary anomalies. Those with a recto-bladder neck fistula may represent a high-risk group, but their long-term urologic outcomes are poorly described. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and urodynamic outcomes in a large cohort of patients with an ARM subtype of recto-bladder neck fistula. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed of patients who had been treated for a recto-bladder neck fistula at the present institution since 2007...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712050/spatiotemporal-expression-of-bcl-2-bax-and-neural-cell-apoptosis-in-the-developing-lumbosacral-spinal-cord-of-rat-fetuses-with-anorectal-malformations
#18
Zhonghua Yang, Yuanyuan Geng, Zhiya Yao, Huimin Jia, Yuzuo Bai, Weilin Wang
Fecal incontinence and constipation still remain the major complications after procedures for anorectal malformations (ARMs). Previous studies have demonstrated a decrease of neural cell in lumbosacral spinal cord of ARMs patients and rat models. However, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. In this study, the neural cell apoptosis and Bcl-2/Bax expression were explored during lumbosacral spinal cord development in normal and ARMs fetuses. ARMs rat fetuses were induced by treating pregnant rats with ethylenethiourea on embryonic day 10...
July 15, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696502/linking-brain-arteriovenous-malformations-with-anorectal-hemorrhoids-a-clinical-and-anatomical-review
#19
REVIEW
Joshua A Cuoco, Christopher L Hoehmann, Kyle Hitscherich, Sherry M Zakhary, Joerg R Leheste, German Torres
Patients who harbor brain arteriovenous malformations are at risk for intracranial hemorrhage. These malformations are often seen in inherited vascular diseases such as hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. However, malformations within the brain also sporadically occur without a hereditary-coding component. Here, we review recent insights into the pathophysiology of arteriovenous malformations, in particular, certain signaling pathways that might underlie endothelial cell pathology. To better interpret the origins, determinants and consequences of brain arteriovenous malformations, we present a clinical case to illustrate the phenotypic landscape of the disease...
July 11, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695882/institutional-experience-with-laparoscopic-assisted-anorectal-pull-through-in-a-series-of-17-cases-a-retrospective-analysis
#20
Madhu Ramasundaram, Jegadeesh Sundaram, Prakash Agarwal, Raj Kishore Bagdi, Selvapriya Bharathi, Apurva Arora
AIMS: To retrospectively analyse the results of laparoscopically-assisted anorectal pull-through (LAARP) for high anorectal malformation (ARM) in male children in our institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analysed the hospital records of patients who had undergone LAARP from October 2010 to December 2015 in terms of age, operative time, length of hospital stay and post-operative complications. RESULTS: Of 17 cases, 13 (76%) were in 6-12 months age group, whereas rest of them were in 12-18 months age group...
October 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
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