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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351898/young-people-s-parents-and-professionals-views-on-required-components-of-mobile-apps-to-support-self-management-of-juvenile-arthritis-qualitative-study
#1
Jennifer M Waite-Jones, Rabiya Majeed-Ariss, Joanna Smith, Simon R Stones, Vanessa Van Rooyen, Veronica Swallow
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that supporting self-management of Juvenile Arthritis can benefit both patients and professionals. Young people with Juvenile Arthritis and their healthy peers increasingly use mobile technologies to access information and support in day-to-day life. Therefore, a user-led, rigorously developed and evaluated mobile app could be valuable for facilitating young people's self-management of Juvenile Arthritis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to seek the views of young people with Juvenile Arthritis, their parents or carers, and health care professionals (HCPs) as to what should be included in a mobile app to facilitate young people's self-management of chronic Juvenile Arthritis...
January 19, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351141/an-exploration-of-emergency-physicians-attitudes-toward-patients-with-substance-use-disorder
#2
Cecelia Kathleen Mendiola, Giorgio Galetto, Michael Fingerhood
OBJECTIVES: Much is known about some healthcare professionals' attitudes toward patients with substance use disorders, but few studies have specifically looked at emergency department (ED) physicians. Individuals with substance use disorders are more likely to be people who chronically, frequently use the ED, and thus ED physicians are in a unique position to provide early identification and intervention for people struggling with addiction. The purpose of this study was to understand ED physicians' attitudes toward patients with substance use disorder with the aim of decreasing stigma and improving the care of ED patients with substance use disorder...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351133/using-clinical-questions-asked-by-primary-care-providers-through-econsults-to-inform-continuing-professional-development
#3
Douglas Archibald, Clare Liddy, Heather A Lochnan, Paul J Hendry, Erin J Keely
INTRODUCTION: Continuing professional development (CPD) offerings should address the educational needs of health care providers. Innovative programs, such as electronic consultations (eConsults), provide unique educational opportunities for practice-based needs assessment. The purpose of this study is to assess whether CPD offerings match the needs of physicians by coding and comparing session content to clinical questions asked through eConsults. METHODS: This study analyzes questions asked by primary care providers between July 2011 and January 2015 using a service that allows specialists to provide consultation over a secure web-based server...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351085/how-to-prepare-interprofessional-teams-in-two-weeks-an-innovative-education-program-nested-in-telehealth
#4
Tina Sweeney Haney, Karen Kott, Carolyn M Rutledge, Bruce Britton, Christianne Nesbitt Fowler, Rebecca D Poston
PROBLEM: Preparing health professional students for interprofessional collaborative practice, especially at a distance where provider shortages prevail remains difficult. APPROACH: A two-week interprofessional education (IPE) immersion experience preparing students from 11 disciplines and four universities was implemented. Week-one, using online technology, students develop/present an interprofessional careplan for a complex patient. Students then meet face-to-face to conduct group interviews with two standardized patient dyads...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350393/is-it-possible-to-improve-compliance-in-hypertension-and-reduce-therapeutic-inertia-of-physicians-by-mandatory-periodical-examinations-of-workers
#5
Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Michał Plewka, Wojciech Hanke, Paweł Kałużny, Marta Wiszniewska, Agnieszka Lipińska-Ojrzanowska, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
BACKGROUND: Due to high prevalence, insufficient recognition and ineffectual treatment, hypertension (HT) still remains a major medical and socio-economic problem. There is a real necessity to develop effective prophylaxis for cardiovascular disorders (CVD), based on strategies which support compliance during long-term therapy. The Polish scheme of occupational health services (OHS) with mandatory periodical employee check-ups creates a unique opportunity for effective HT prophylaxis...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349892/-can-the-patient-speak-postcolonialism-and-patient-involvement-in-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-education
#6
Malika Sharma
CONTEXT: Patients are increasingly being engaged in providing feedback and consultation to health care institutions, and in the training of health care professionals. Such involvement has the potential to disrupt traditional doctor-patient power dynamics in significant ways that have not been theorised in the medical literature. Critical theories can help us understand how power flows when patients are engaged in the training of medical students. METHODS: This paper applies postcolonial theory to the involvement of patients in the development and delivery of medical education...
January 19, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348051/midwives-understanding-of-physical-activity-guidelines-during-pregnancy
#7
Yvonne Hopkinson, Denise M Hill, Lindsey Fellows, Simon Fryer
OBJECTIVE: to examine the current level of understanding held by midwives regarding the NICE physical activity guidelines in the UK, and to investigate the physical activity guidance given to women during pregnancy. DESIGN: an 11 question online survey comprising of a mixture of closed and open ended questions. SETTING: data reflects participants sampled across the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: fifty-nine midwives completed the online survey MEASUREMENTS AND FINDINGS: an electronic survey was used to explore the midwives understanding of physical activity guidelines during pregnancy, and the advice they offered to women in their care...
December 24, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346484/association-of-dietary-inflammatory-potential-with-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-men-and-women
#8
Fred K Tabung, Li Liu, Weike Wang, Teresa T Fung, Kana Wu, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, Yin Cao, Frank B Hu, Shuji Ogino, Charles S Fuchs, Edward L Giovannucci
Importance: Inflammation is important in colorectal cancer development. Diet modulates inflammation and may thus be a crucial modifiable factor in colorectal cancer prevention. Objective: To examine whether proinflammatory diets are associated with increased colorectal cancer risk by using an empirical dietary inflammatory pattern (EDIP) score based on a weighted sum of 18 food groups that characterizes dietary inflammatory potential based on circulating levels of inflammation biomarkers...
January 18, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345486/facilitating-pipeline-progress-from-doctoral-degree-to-first-job
#9
Nadine J Kaslow, Debra A Bangasser, Catherine L Grus, Stephen R McCutcheon, Garth A Fowler
The sequence of professional development within psychology from doctoral education to first job represents a period of remarkable professional and personal growth for each trainee. However, this sequence also contains a variety of barriers that hinder progress through the pipeline. The myriad individual-, program-, and system-level barriers encountered by trainees in health service/other applied service psychology and in research basic/applied psychology are identified. To actively and systematically facilitate improved passage through major transition points, individual trainee and trainer, program- and system-level action steps are recommended...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345416/a-qualitative-study-experiences-of-stigma-by-people-with-mental-health-problems
#10
Charlotte Huggett, Michèle D Birtel, Yvonne F Awenat, Paul Fleming, Sophie Wilkes, Shirley Williams, Gillian Haddock
OBJECTIVES: Prior research has examined various components involved in the impact of public and internalized stigma on people with mental health problems. However, studies have not previously investigated the subjective experiences of mental health stigma by those affected in a non-statutory treatment-seeking population. DESIGN: An in-depth qualitative study was conducted using thematic analysis to investigate the experiences of stigma in people with mental health problems...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345395/patient-carer-and-public-involvement-in-major-system-change-in-acute-stroke-services-the-construction-of-value
#11
Christopher McKevitt, Angus I G Ramsay, Catherine Perry, Simon J Turner, Ruth Boaden, Charles D A Wolfe, Naomi J Fulop
BACKGROUND: Patient and public involvement is required where changes to care provided by the UK National Health Service are proposed. Yet involvement is characterized by ambiguity about its rationales, methods and impact. AIMS: To understand how patients and carers were involved in major system changes (MSCs) to the delivery of acute stroke care in 2 English cities, and what kinds of effects involvement was thought to produce. METHODS: Analysis of documents from both MSC projects, and retrospective in-depth interviews with 45 purposively selected individuals (providers, commissioners, third-sector employees) involved in the MSC...
January 18, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345224/therapy-interventions-for-children-with-neurodisabilities-a-qualitative-scoping-study
#12
Bryony Beresford, Susan Clarke, Jane Maddison
BACKGROUND: Therapy interventions emerged four times in the top 10 research priorities in a James Lind Alliance research prioritisation exercise for children with neurodisabilities (Morris C, Simkiss D, Busk M, Morris M, Allard A, Denness J, et al. Setting research priorities to improve the health of children and young people with neurodisability: a British Academy of Childhood Disability-James Lind Alliance Research Priority Setting Partnership. BMJ Open 2015;5:e006233). The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) commissioned this study as part of an information-gathering exercise in response to this...
January 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345100/relationship-between-orthodox-and-traditional-medical-practitioners-in-the-transmission-of-traditional-medical-knowledge-in-nigeria
#13
Janet O Adekannbi
BACKGROUND: The problem of incomplete transmission of traditional medical knowledge to the younger generation is of concern to information professionals especially in developing countries where most rural communities depend on traditional medicine for primary health care. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the collaboration between orthodox and traditional medical practitioners as well as the implication of the collaboration for transmission of traditional medical knowledge in Nigeria...
January 18, 2018: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345096/psychiatric-sequelae-of-corticosteroid-use-in-hematology-in-australia-a-qualitative-study
#14
Dianne Clifton, Margaret Ross, Clare O'Callaghan
Despite widespread steroid usage for treating hematological conditions, minimal attention focuses on associated psychiatric side-effects. In the present study, we examined hematology patients' experiences of high-dose steroid treatment. This was undertaken by the use of a qualitative, descriptive design, which included convenience sampling and the inductive, cyclic, and constant comparative thematic analysis of interview transcripts. Eighteen patients participated, who were diagnosed with lymphoma, myeloma, leukemia, or idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura...
January 18, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344525/psychometric-properties-of-the-communication-skills-attitude-scale-csas-measure-in-a-sample-of-iranian-medical-students
#15
Afsaneh Yakhforoshha, Mandana Shirazi, Naser Yousefzadeh, Amin Ghanbarnejad, Mohammadali Cheraghi, Rita Mojtahedzadeh, Behrooz Mahmoodi-Bakhtiari, Seyed Amir Hossein Emami
Introduction: Communication skill (CS) has been regarded as one of the fundamental competencies for medical and other health care professionals. Student's attitude toward learning CS is a key factor in designing educational interventions. The original CSAS, as positive and negative subscales, was developed in the UK; however, there is no scale to measure these attitudes in Iran. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric characteristic of the Communication Skills Attitude Scale (CSAS), in an Iranian context and to understand if it is a valid tool to assess attitude toward learning communication skills among health care professionals...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344457/development-and-implementation-of-module-for-medical-graduates-to-improve-socio-cultural-sensitivity-towards-people-living-with-hiv
#16
Sushanta Kumar Mishra, Somanath Dash
Background: Health professionals are documented as an important cause for stigmatizing people living with HIV (PLHIV). Since traditional teaching on HIV in India does not address cultural competencies, medical graduates lack sociocultural sensitiveness while addressing the health needs of PLHIV. Aim: The aim of this study is to develop and to implement a module for medical graduates to improve their sociocultural sensitivity toward PLHIV. Methodology: A module was designed and introduced to address the core sensitive issues in HIV among medical graduates with the help of trained faculty...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344408/differential-research-impact-in-cancer-practice-guidelines-evidence-base-lessons-from-esmo-nice-and-sign
#17
Elena Pallari, Anthony W Fox, Grant Lewison
Background: This is an appraisal of the impact of cited research evidence underpinning the development of cancer clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) by the professional bodies of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO), the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN). Methods: A total of 101 CPGs were identified from ESMO, NICE and SIGN websites across 13 cancer sites. Their 9486 cited references were downloaded from the Web of Science Clarivate Group database, analysed on Excel (2016) using Visual Basic Application macros and imported onto SPSS (V...
2018: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344397/a-cross-sectional-study-of-stress-and-its-sources-among-health-professional-students-at-makerere-university-uganda
#18
Sharon Bright Amanya, Joyce Nakitende, Tom Denis Ngabirano
Aim: To assess prevalence of stress and its sources among undergraduate health professional students at Makerere University. Design: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study using quantitative methods of data collection. Methods: The study was conducted among 258 undergraduate health professional students (Medical, Dental and, Nursing students) at Makerere University. From each programme, students were recruited proportionately, while being selected conveniently from each year of study...
January 2018: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344082/implementing-guidelines-on-physical-health-in-the-acute-mental-health-setting-a-quality-improvement-approach
#19
Stuart Green, Ed Beveridge, Liz Evans, Jenny Trite, Sandra Jayacodi, Rachel Evered, Caroline Parker, Luca Polledri, Emily Tabb, John Green, Anton Manickam, Joanna Williams, Rebecca Deere, Bill Tiplady
Background: In the UK, life expectancy for people living with a serious mental illness, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, is reduced by 15-20 years compared with the general population. In recent years, evidence based guidelines/policies designed to improve their physical health have been published, yet a gap remains between recommendations and practice. This case study describes how guidelines to support physical health were implemented using a quality improvement approach...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344040/health-journalism-health-reporting-status-and-challenges
#20
Mahrokh Keshvari, Niko Yamani, Peyman Adibi, Hossein Shahnazi
Background: Media play crucial role in disseminating health information. Due to the importance of accurate health news reports, and the national need to professionalism in health journalism, this study aimed to investigate the characteristics of health journalists, and health reporting status and the challenges involved. Materials and Methods: Using consensus sampling, this descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on all health news reporters in Isfahan (34 journalists) in 2015-2016...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
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