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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214711/development-of-the-epilepsy-risk-awareness-scale-era-scale-for-people-with-epilepsy
#1
Andreas Braun, Sally Kendall, Christine Cole, Nigel Smeeton, Heather Angus-Leppan
PURPOSE: Quality of life in people with epilepsy depends on balancing protection from risks and avoiding unnecessary restrictions. The Epilepsy Risk Awareness Checklist (ERAC) was developed to summarise an individual's safety, health care and quality of life and to facilitate communication between professionals. Although effective, the existing Checklist required quantification and shortening to increase its utility, particularly as a longitudinal tool for measuring and communicating changes over time...
February 9, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214431/simulation-in-undergraduate-paediatric-nursing-curriculum-evaluation-of-a-complex-ward-for-a-day-education-program
#2
Andree S Gamble
Simulation in health education has been shown to increase confidence, psychomotor and professional skills, and thus positively impact on student preparedness for clinical placement. It is recognised as a valuable tool to expose and engage students in realistic patient care encounters without the potential to cause patient harm. Although inherent challenges exist in the development and implementation of simulation, variability in clinical placement time, availability and quality dictates the need to provide students with learning opportunities they may otherwise not experience...
February 4, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214219/perpetuating-stigma-or-reducing-risk-perspectives-from-naloxone-consumers-and-pharmacists-on-pharmacy-based-naloxone-in-2-states
#3
Traci C Green, Patricia Case, Haley Fiske, Janette Baird, Shachan Cabral, Dina Burstein, Victoriana Schwartz, Nathan Potter, Alexander Y Walley, Jeffrey Bratberg
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about attitudes of pharmacists and consumers to pharmacy naloxone. We examined perceptions and experiences of pharmacy naloxone from people with opioid use disorder, patients taking chronic opioids for pain, caregivers of opioid users, and pharmacists from 2 early pharmacy naloxone adopter states: Massachusetts and Rhode Island. DESIGN: Eight focus groups (4 per state) were held in October to December 2015. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants were recruited from pharmacies, health clinics, and community organizations; pharmacists were recruited from professional organizations and pharmacy colleges...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214150/self-efficacy-for-deprescribing-a-survey-for-health-care-professionals-using-evidence-based-deprescribing-guidelines
#4
Barbara Farrell, Lisa Richardson, Lalitha Raman-Wilms, David de Launay, Mhd Wasem Alsabbagh, James Conklin
BACKGROUND: Although polypharmacy is associated with significant morbidity, deprescribing can be challenging. In particular, clinicians express difficulty with their ability to deprescribe (i.e. reduce or stop medications that are potentially inappropriate). Evidence-based deprescribing guidelines are designed to help clinicians take action on reducing or stopping medications that may be causing more harm than benefit. OBJECTIVES: Determine if implementation of evidence-based guidelines increases self-efficacy for deprescribing proton pump inhibitor (PPI), benzodiazepine receptor agonist (BZRA) and antipsychotic (AP) drug classes...
January 28, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214045/factors-affecting-the-willingness-of-nursing-students-to-receive-annual-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-a-large-scale-cross-sectional-study
#5
Kin Cheung, Sin Man Simone Ho, Winsome Lam
Nursing students are at high risk of exposure to vaccine-preventable diseases such as seasonal influenza. However, due to the limited number of studies conducted in this area, the prevalence and factors affecting annual seasonal influenza vaccination (ASIV) uptake remain unclear. This was a large-scale cross-sectional survey study conducted among 902 nursing students in different years of study. The questionnaire was developed based on the Health Belief Model (HBM), and logistic regression was used to determine the predictors of ASIV uptake...
February 14, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213317/developing-and-assessing-the-acceptability-of-an-epilepsy-first-aid-training-intervention-for-patients-who-visit-uk-emergency-departments-a-multi-method-study-of-patients-and-professionals
#6
Darlene A Snape, Myfanwy Morgan, Leone Ridsdale, Steve Goodacre, Anthony G Marson, Adam J Noble
Epilepsy affects around 1% of the UK population; 40% of whom experience two or more seizures annually. However, most Emergency Department (ED) visits by people with epilepsy (PWE) are clinically unnecessary. Evidence highlights that with correct training, seizures can be safely managed by patients and their families within the community. Arguably therefore, PWE who frequently visit the ED might benefit from a self-management intervention that improves their own and their families' confidence and ability in managing seizures...
February 14, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213031/antimicrobial-resistance-and-its-association-with-tolerance-to-heavy-metals-in-agriculture-production
#7
REVIEW
Zhongyi Yu, Lynda Gunn, Patrick Wall, Séamus Fanning
Antimicrobial resistance is a recognized public health challenge that since its emergence limits the therapeutic options available to veterinarians and clinicians alike, when treatment is warranted. This development is further compounded by the paucity of new antibiotics. The agri-food industry benefits from the availability of antimicrobial compounds for food-animal production and crop protection. Nonetheless, their improper use can result in the selection for bacteria that are phenotypically resistant to these compounds...
June 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212963/clinician-reported-outcome-assessments-of-treatment-benefit-report-of-the-ispor-clinical-outcome-assessment-emerging-good-practices-task-force
#8
John H Powers, Donald L Patrick, Marc K Walton, Patrick Marquis, Stefan Cano, Jeremy Hobart, Maria Isaac, Spiros Vamvakas, Ashley Slagle, Elizabeth Molsen, Laurie B Burke
A clinician-reported outcome (ClinRO) assessment is a type of clinical outcome assessment (COA). ClinRO assessments, like all COAs (patient-reported, observer-reported, or performance outcome assessments), are used to 1) measure patients' health status and 2) define end points that can be interpreted as treatment benefits of medical interventions on how patients feel, function, or survive in clinical trials. Like other COAs, ClinRO assessments can be influenced by human choices, judgment, or motivation. A ClinRO assessment is conducted and reported by a trained health care professional and requires specialized professional training to evaluate the patient's health status...
January 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212621/feasibility-of-an-implementation-strategy-for-the-integration-of-health-promotion-in-routine-primary-care-a-quantitative-process-evaluation
#9
Alvaro Sanchez, Gonzalo Grandes, Josep M Cortada, Haizea Pombo, Catalina Martinez, Mary Helen Corrales, Enrique de la Peña, Justo Mugica, Esther Gorostiza
BACKGROUND: Process evaluation is recommended to improve the understanding of underlying mechanisms related to clinicians, patients, context and intervention delivery that may impact on trial or program results, feasibility and transferability to practice. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of the Prescribe Healthy Life (PVS from the Spanish "Prescribe Vida Saludable") implementation strategy for enhancing the adoption and implementation of an evidence-based health promotion intervention in primary health care...
February 17, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212615/molecular-pathways-underlying-inhibitory-effect-of-antimicrobial-peptide-nal-p-113-on-bacteria-biofilms-formation-of-porphyromonas-gingivalis-w83-by-dna-microarray
#10
Hong-Yan Wang, Li Lin, Li-Si Tan, Hui-Yuan Yu, Jya-Wei Cheng, Ya-Ping Pan
BACKGROUND: Wound-related infection remains a major challenge for health professionals. One disadvantage in conventional antibiotics is their inability to penetrate biofilms, the main protective strategy for bacteria to evade irradiation. Previously, we have shown that synthetic antimicrobial peptides could inhibit bacterial biofilms formation. RESULTS: In this study, we first delineated how Nal-P-113, a novel antimicrobial peptide, exerted its inhibitory effects on Porphyromonas gingivalis W83 biofilms formation at a low concentration...
February 17, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212598/essential-newborn-care-after-home-delivery-in-nepal
#11
Mats Målqvist, Asha Pun, Ashish Kc
AIMS: Postnatal care of the newborn is essential in order to reduce neonatal mortality. Nepal has made great efforts to improve maternal and child health by focusing on accessibility and outreach over the past decades. This study aims to examine trends, over the past decade, in levels and equity of facility delivery rates and the provision of newborn care after home delivery in Nepal. METHODS: Household-level data from the Demographic Health Surveys (DHS) 2006 and 2011 and the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS5) from 2014 performed in Nepal was sourced for the study...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212591/maternal-bonding-through-pregnancy-and-postnatal-findings-from-an-australian-longitudinal-study
#12
Larissa Rossen, Delyse Hutchinson, Judy Wilson, Lucinda Burns, Steve Allsop, Elizabeth J Elliott, Sue Jacobs, Jacqui A Macdonald, Craig Olsson, Richard P Mattick
Background Mother-infant bonding provides the foundation for secure attachment through the lifespan and organizes many facets of infant social-emotional development, including later parenting. Aims To describe maternal bonding to offspring across the pregnancy and postnatal periods, and to examine a broad range of sociodemographic and psychosocial predictors of the maternal-offspring bond. Methods Data were drawn from a sample of 372 pregnant women participating in an Australian population-based longitudinal study of postnatal health and development...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212560/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-in-cancer-patients-an-italian-multicenter-survey
#13
Massimiliano Berretta, Chiara Della Pepa, Paolo Tralongo, Alberto Fulvi, Ferdinando Martellotta, Arben Lleshi, Guglielmo Nasti, Rossella Fisichella, Carmela Romano, Chiara De Divitiis, Rosaria Taibi, Francesco Fiorica, Raffaele Di Francia, Anna Di Mari, Lino Del Pup, Anna Crispo, Paolo De Paoli, Adriano Santorelli, Vincenzo Quagliariello, Rosario Vincenzo Iaffaioli, Umberto Tirelli, Gaetano Facchini
INTRODUCTION: Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) include a wide range of products (herbs, vitamins, minerals, and probiotics) and medical practices, developed outside of the mainstream Western medicine. Patients with cancer are more likely to resort to CAM first or then in their disease history; the potential side effects as well as the costs of such practices are largely underestimated. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We conducted a descriptive survey in five Italian hospitals involving 468 patients with different malignancies...
December 25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212196/prison-nursing-formation-of-a-stable-professional-identity
#14
Khurshid Choudhry, David Armstrong, Alexandru Dregan
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze how working within prison environments can influence the self-identity and professional identity of nurses. BACKGROUND: The prison environment can be a difficult environment for nurses to deliver care within, with nurses having to carry out activities that seem to go against their professional role, while at the same time providing care to prisoners who have greater health needs than the general population. There is a lack of theoretical consideration of how prison nurses carry out their role in the face of such challenges...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210943/faces-of-frailty-in-aging-with-hiv-infection
#15
REVIEW
Marion Thurn, Deborah R Gustafson
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: The number of adults who are aging successfully and have HIV infection is increasing. More effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens are preventing individuals infected with HIV from reaching end stages of the HIV infection and developing AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). However, even at lower viral loads, chronic HIV infection appears to have consequences on aging processes, including the development of frailty. RECENT FINDINGS: Frailty is a term used to describe vulnerability in aging...
February 16, 2017: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208966/study-of-parental-perceptions-on-health-social-needs-of-children-with-neuro-developmental-disability-and-it-s-impact-on-the-family
#16
Nusrat Jahan Rafique Ansari, Ramchandra Keshav Dhongade, Preeti Sagar Lad, Ashwin Borade, Suvarna Yg, Vishal Yadav, Ashwini Mehetre, Rahul Kulkarni
INTRODUCTION: The term Neuro Developmental Disorder (NDD) is used for conditions caused by a dysfunction in any part of the brain or nervous system, resulting in physical and/or psychological symptoms as a child develops. Family of children with NDD face many problems. It is very important to find them and create awareness so that gaps in essential services and supports can be decreased. AIM: To explore parental perceptions on health & social needs of children with NDD, to understand the impact of disability on the families having children with disability, and to find out the parental perceptions on availability of services for children with NDD and its utilization by families...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208883/fostering-educational-research-among-medical-teachers-evaluation-of-a-faculty-development-program-in-india
#17
Tripti K Srivastava, Lalitbhushan S Waghmare, Alka Rawekar, Ved Prakash Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Medical education can be enormously benefitted from research. Since clinicians/medical teachers are directly involved in teaching learning processes, they should participate in Educational Research (ER) practices to generate evidence and insights about teaching learning. Faculty Development Program (FDP) has a positive influence amongst health professionals and therefore can prove to be of consequence in instilling a strong educational research culture. AIM: Present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of a Faculty Development Fellowship Program in Medical Education to foster educational research culture amongst medical teachers...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208237/community-mental-health-nurses-understanding-of-compassion-a-naturalistic-interpretative-approach
#18
Kim Barron, Graham Sloan, Ruth Deery
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing emphasis in policy, research and practice in the UK and internationally on the importance of caring in health care. Compassion needs to be at the core of all health care professionals' practice. Recently health care has received negative attention through media and government reports which cite a lack of compassion in care RATIONALE: The concept of compassion has received limited attention in community mental health nursing. AIM: Based on data taken from semi-structured interviews with community mental health nurses this paper aims to describe interpretations and perspectives of compassion to gain insight and development of its meaning METHOD: A naturalistic, interpretive approach was taken to the study...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207958/shared-care-requires-a-shared-vision-communities-of-clinical-practice-in-a-primary-care-setting
#19
Jessica Young, Tony Egan, Chrystal Jaye, Martyn Williamson, Anna Askerud, Peter Raude, Maree Penese
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To understand how a vision of care is formed and shared by patients and the primary care professionals involved in their care. BACKGROUND: To achieve the best health outcomes, it is important for patients and those who care for them to have a mutual understanding about what is important to the patient in their everyday life and why, and what care is necessary to realise this vision. Shared or team care does not necessarily translate to a consistent and integrated approach to a patient's care...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207347/introduction-to-the-special-section-on-teaching-training-and-supervision-in-personality-and-psychological-assessment
#20
Justin D Smith
This special section contains empirical and conceptual articles pertaining to the broad topic of teaching, training, and supervision of assessment. Despite some evidence of a decline in recent decades, assessment remains a defining practice of professional psychologists in many subfields, including clinical, counseling, school, and neuropsychology, that consumes a consequential proportion of their time. To restore assessment to its rightful place of prominence, a clear agenda needs to be developed for advancing teaching and training methods, increasing instruction to state-of-the-art methods, and defining aims that could be elucidated through empirical inquiry...
March 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
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