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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915432/social-learning-in-a-longitudinal-integrated-clinical-placement
#1
Chris Roberts, Michele Daly, Fabian Held, David Lyle
Recent research has demonstrated that longitudinal integrated placements (LICs) are an alternative mode of clinical education to traditional placements. Extended student engagement in community settings provide the advantages of educational continuity as well as increased service provision in underserved areas. Developing and maintaining LICs require a differing approach to student learning than that for traditional placements. There has been little theoretically informed empirical research that has offered explanations of which are the important factors that promote student learning in LICs and the relationships between those factors...
December 3, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915359/predicting-professional-examination-outcomes-a-case-of-the-registered-health-information-administration-certification-examination
#2
James V Condon, Amanda C Barefield
PURPOSE: To determine whether differences existed among candidates for the Registered Health Information Administrator (RHIA) certification examination that may have characterized the likelihood of acquiring professional certification upon graduation. METHODS: Records of total of 197 former students were acquired from accredited health information administration education programs located across the United States. RESULTS: Final course grades in coding and introduction to health information administration and professional curriculum grade point average were strongly associated with the RHIA examination score...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915358/improving-quality-and-reducing-waste-in-allied-health-workplace-education-programs-a-pragmatic-operational-education-framework-approach
#3
Janet Golder, Melanie K Farlie, Samantha Sevenhuysen
BACKGROUND: Efficient utilisation of education resources is required for the delivery of effective learning opportunities for allied health professionals. This study aimed to develop an education framework to support delivery of high-quality education within existing education resources. METHODS: This study was conducted in a large metropolitan health service. Homogenous and purposive sampling methods were utilised in Phase 1 (n=43) and 2 (n=14) consultation stages...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915356/the-future-of-clinical-education-using-the-delphi-technique-to-study-allied-health-deans-perspectives-on-definitions-and-goals
#4
Barbara D Romig, Ann W Tucker, Anne M Hewitt, Julie O'Sullivan Maillet
BACKGROUND: Allied health (AH) clinical education provides future health professionals with the experiences necessary to develop the healthcare competencies required for success in their individual fields. There is limited information and consensus on the purposes of clinical education, including its definition and goals, and its comprehensive role in AH clinical training. This study explored whether consensus could be achieved in the definition, goals, and factors impacting AH clinical education...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914679/postgraduate-education-in-radiation-oncology-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#5
J G Eriksen
Radiation therapy is one of the most cost-effective ways to treat cancer patients on both a curative and palliative basis in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Despite this, the gap in radiation oncology capacity is enormous and is even increasing due to a rapid rise in the incidence of cancer cases in LMICs. The urgent need for radiotherapy resources in terms of bunkers and megavoltage machines is important, but equally important is the tremendous lack of properly educated health care professionals...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914632/the-us-food-and-drug-administration-s-risk-evaluation-and-mitigation-strategy-rems-program-current-status-and-future-direction
#6
Jasmanda Wu, Juhaeri Juhaeri
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Amendments Act of 2007 granted the FDA new authorities to enhance drug safety by requiring application holders to submit a proposed Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS). A REMS is a required risk management plan that uses tools beyond the package insert. REMS elements may include a medication guide and patient package insert for patients and a communication plan focused on health care professionals. Elements to assure safe use (ETASUs) are put in place to mitigate a specific known serious risk when other less restrictive elements of a REMS are not sufficient to mitigate such risk...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914507/psychiatric-psychological-injury-and-law-introduction
#7
EDITORIAL
Gerald Young
This special issue on psychiatric/psychological injury and law covers major developments in the field, and illustrates the complexities for mental health professionals in dealing with psychiatric/psychological injuries in court. The articles vary in the range of topics covered, and include ones on posttraumatic stress disorder, other trauma reactions, dissociation, disability, pain, and traumatic brain injury, in particular but also new areas, such as the effects of early penile injury. Work in the area of psychiatric/psychological injury and law needs to be scientifically-informed, comprehensive, and impartial, and the series of articles to follow will help workers in the area meet this standard...
November 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914155/-main-causes-of-occupational-allergic-contact-dermatitis-a-three-year-study-in-the-center-of-portugal
#8
Catarina Pestana, Raquel Gomes, Vítor Pinheiro, Miguel Gouveia, Isabel Antunes, Margarida Gonçalo
INTRODUCTION: Allergic contact dermatitis, along with irritant contact dermatitis and immediate contact reactions, contact urticarial, are the most frequent dermatological occupational disease, but seldom reported to the National authorities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a 3-year retrospective study at the allergology section in the Dermatology Clinic of the University Hospital of Coimbra to evaluate the main occupations diagnosed as occupational allergic contact dermatitis, most common allergens and the effect of the modification of the work station in the evolution of the disease...
August 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913114/the-role-of-pharmacists-in-caring-for-young-people-with-chronic-illness
#9
Nicola J Gray, Karen L Shaw, Felicity J Smith, Jonathan Burton, Julie Prescott, Rachel Roberts, David Terry, Janet E McDonagh
PURPOSE: To explore the perceived and potential roles of pharmacists in the care of young people aged 10-24 years with chronic illness, through the exemplar of juvenile arthritis, from the perspectives of UK community and hospital pharmacists, health service commissioners, rheumatology health professionals, and lay advocates. METHODS: A sequential mixed methods study design comprises the following: focus groups with community and hospital pharmacists; telephone interviews with pharmacy and rheumatology stakeholders and commissioners; and multidisciplinary group discussions to prioritize roles generated by the first two qualitative phases...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913030/confounding-variables-and-the-performance-of-triggers-in-detecting-unreported-adverse-drug-reactions
#10
Fabiana Rossi Varallo, Carolina Dagli-Hernandez, Caroline Pagotto, Tales Rubens de Nadai, Maria Teresa Herdeiro, Patricia de Carvalho Mastroianni
PURPOSE: This study explored the performance of trigger in detecting adverse drug reactions (ADRs), the confounding variables impairing the causal association of the ADRs, and the underreporting rate by hospital health professionals. METHODS: A 6-month cross-sectional study was conducted in a public general hospital. Data collection was conducted in 2 stages: (1) screening of patient hospitalizations to identify suspected ADRs with 9 triggers developed by the Institute of Healthcare Improvement; and (2) chart review to perform the causality assessment of the suspected ADRs identified, to describe the confounding variables associated with detection of suspected ADRs that were not drug induced, and to analyze the positive predictive value of triggers in recognizing ADRs...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912946/addressing-holistic-healthcare-needs-of-oncology-patients-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-course-within-an-elective-module-designed-for-healthcare-professionals
#11
Nadja Klafke, Angelika Homberg, Katharina Glassen, Cornelia Mahler
BACKGROUND: Patients, and especially oncology patients, increasingly demand information and application of complementary therapies to supplement their conventional medical treatment and follow-up care. Due to the widespread interest in holistic treatment opportunities in oncology populations, healthcare professionals need to be prepared in differentiating evidence-based methods of the complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) spectrum and how to consult with patients about it. OBJECTIVE: This paper reports on the implementation and evaluation of a newly designed module "Complementary and Alternative Medicine in oncological healthcare" in the bachelor degree program Interprofessional Health Care (B...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912748/challenges-to-access-and-provision-of-palliative-care-for-people-who-are-homeless-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-research
#12
Briony F Hudson, Kate Flemming, Caroline Shulman, Bridget Candy
BACKGROUND: People who are homeless or vulnerably housed are a marginalized group who often experience high rates of morbidity and die young as a result of complex problems. Access to health care and support can be challenging, with access to palliative care even more so. This review presents a synthesis of published qualitative research exploring from the perspective of homeless people and those working to support them, current challenges to palliative care access and provision, in addition to suggestions for what may improve palliative care for this population...
December 3, 2016: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911135/development-of-a-new-measurement-scale-for-interprofessional-collaborative-competency-the-chiba-interprofessional-competency-scale-cics29
#13
Ikuko Sakai, Takeshi Yamamoto, Yoshinori Takahashi, Takashi Maeda, Yuuko Kunii, Kana Kurokochi
AVSTRACT The purpose of this study was to refine the items on a scale measuring interprofessional collaborative competency that was developed by the authors in an earlier pilot study. A questionnaire-based study was conducted with a sample of 2133 health professionals using the reformulated questionnaire. Construct validity was tested by comparing the survey results with a covariance structure analysis and the domains of interprofessional collaboration competencies presented in previous studies. A second survey was conducted 2 weeks later with a sample of 571 nursing professionals, using the same survey form to test its reliability...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910751/recent-advances-in-pharmacotherapeutic-paradigm-of-mild-to-recalcitrant-atopic-dermatitis
#14
Zahid Hussain, Shariza Sahudin, Hnin Ei Thu, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari, Endang Kumolosasi
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common, chronic skin inflammatory disorder characterized by perivascular infiltration of immunoglobulin E (IgE), T lymphocytes, and mast cells. The key factors responsible for the pathophysiology of this disease are immunological disorders and defects in epidermal barrier properties. Pruritus, intense itching, psychological stress, deprived physical and mental performance, and sleep disturbance are the hallmark features of this dermatological disorder. Preventive interventions such as educational programs, avoidance of allergens, and exclusive care toward the skin could play a partial role in suppressing the symptoms...
2016: Critical Reviews in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909568/implementation-of-minimal-invasive-gynaecological-surgery-certification-will-challenge-gynaecologists-with-new-legal-and-ethical-issues
#15
V Tanos, R Socolov, P Demetriou, M Kyprianou, A Watrelot, Y Van Belle, R Campo
The introduction of a certification / diploma program in Minimal Invasive Surgery (MIS) is expected to improve surgical performance, patient's safety and outcome. The Gynaecological Endoscopic Surgical Education and Assessment programme (GESEA) and the ESHRE Certification for Reproductive Endoscopic Surgery (ECRES) provides a structured learning path, recognising different pillars of competence. In order to achieve a high level of competence a two steps validation is necessary: (a) the individual should be certified of having the appropriate theoretical knowledge and (b) the endoscopic psychomotor skills before entering in the diploma programme reflecting the surgical competence...
June 27, 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909035/randomised-controlled-pilot-study-to-investigate-the-effectiveness-of-thoracic-epidural-and-paravertebral-blockade-in-reducing-chronic-post-thoracotomy-pain-topic-feasibility-study-protocol
#16
Joyce Yeung, Teresa Melody, Amy Kerr, Babu Naidu, Lee Middleton, Kostas Tryposkiadis, Jane Daniels, Fang Gao
INTRODUCTION: Open chest surgery (thoracotomy) is considered the most painful of surgical procedures. Forceful wound retraction, costochondral dislocation, posterior costovertebral ligament disruption, intercostal nerve trauma and wound movement during respiration combine to produce an acute, severe postoperative pain insult and persistent chronic pain many months after surgery is common. Three recent systematic reviews conclude that unilateral continuous paravertebral blockade (PVB) provides analgesia at least equivalent to thoracic epidural blockade (TEB) in the postoperative period, has a lower failure rate, and symptom relief that lasted months...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907984/transnational-collaboration-for-faculty-development-in-health-professions-education-in-mongolia
#17
Hyun Bae Yoon, Jwa-Seop Shin, Seung-Hee Lee, Do-Hwan Kim, Minsun Sung, Nomin Amgalan, Tselmuun Chinzorig
PURPOSE: The Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences is the only national university in Mongolia and has produced more than 90% of health professionals in the country. Experts from Mongolia and Korea embarked on a collaborative effort to develop educational programs for faculty development based on the personal and professional needs of faculty members. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of those educational programs to determine whether this transnational collaboration was successful...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906123/one-health-research-and-training-and-government-support-for-one-health-in-south-asia
#18
REVIEW
Joanna S McKenzie, Rojan Dahal, Manish Kakkar, Nitish Debnath, Mahmudur Rahman, Sithar Dorjee, Khalid Naeem, Tikiri Wijayathilaka, Barun Kumar Sharma, Nasir Maidanwal, Asmatullah Halimi, Eunmi Kim, Pranab Chatterjee, Brecht Devleesschauwer
INTRODUCTION: Considerable advocacy, funding, training, and technical support have been provided to South Asian countries to strengthen One Health (OH) collaborative approaches for controlling diseases with global human pandemic potential since the early 2000s. It is essential that the OH approach continues to be strengthened given South Asia is a hot spot for emerging and endemic zoonotic diseases. The objectives of this article are to describe OH research and training and capacity building activities and the important developments in government support for OH in these countries to identify current achievements and gaps...
2016: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906122/one-health-research-and-training-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#19
REVIEW
Simon A Reid, Joanna McKenzie, Solomon M Woldeyohannes
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: This review was performed to create a repository of information on One Health research and training in Australia and New Zealand (ANZ). The review sought to determine 1) how many training activities there are in ANZ, 2) how much research on zoonotic diseases is undertaken by multidisciplinary teams, and 3) how collaborative and integrated they are. RECENT FINDINGS: There are few opportunities for training in One Health in ANZ. The majority require enrolment in a postgraduate degree programme, and there is only one postgraduate level course that is also available for continuing professional development (CPD)...
2016: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906120/one-health-training-research-and-outreach-in-north-america
#20
REVIEW
Cheryl Stroud, Bruce Kaplan, Jenae E Logan, Gregory C Gray
BACKGROUND: The One Health (OH) concept, formerly referred to as 'One Medicine' in the later part of the 20th century, has gained exceptional popularity in the early 21st century, and numerous academic and non-academic institutions have developed One Health programs. OBJECTIVES: To summarize One Health training, research, and outreach activities originating in North America. METHODS: We used data from extensive electronic records maintained by the One Health Commission (OHC) (www...
2016: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
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