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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431426/anesthesiologists-and-disaster-medicine-a-needs-assessment-for-education-and-training-and-reported-willingness-to-respond
#1
Heather K Hayanga, Daniel J Barnett, Natasha R Shallow, Michael Roberts, Carol B Thompson, Itay Bentov, Gozde Demiralp, Bradford D Winters, Deborah A Schwengel
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiologists provide comprehensive health care across the emergency department, operating room, and intensive care unit. To date, anesthesiologists' perspectives regarding disaster medicine and public health preparedness have not been described. METHODS: Anesthesiologists' thoughts and attitudes were assessed via a Web-based survey at 3 major academic institutions. Frequencies, percentages, and odds ratios (ORs) were used to assess self-reported perceptions of knowledge and skills, as well as attitudes and beliefs regarding education and training, employee development, professional obligation, safety, psychological readiness, efficacy, personal preparedness, and willingness to respond (WTR)...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430404/understanding-asexual-identity-as-a-means-to-facilitate-culturally-competent-care-a-systematic-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Catriona Jones, Mark Hayter, Julie Jomeen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to provide a contemporary overview of asexuality and the implications this has for health care practice. BACKGROUND: Individuals belonging to sexual minority groups face many barriers in accessing appropriate health care. The term 'sexual minority group' is usually used to refer to Lesbian Gay Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) individuals. Anecdotal and research evidence suggests that those who identify as asexual have similar poor experiences...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430065/ethical-issues-in-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-in-practice
#3
Yonghui Ma, Jiayu Liu, Catherine Rhodes, Yongzhan Nie, Faming Zhang
Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has demonstrated efficacy and is increasingly being used in the treatment of patients with recurrent Clostridium difficile infection. Despite a lack of high-quality trials to provide more information on the long-term effects of FMT, there has been great enthusiasm about the potential for expanding its applications. However, FMT presents many serious ethical and social challenges that must be addressed as part of a successful regulatory policy response. In this article, we draw on a sample of the scientific and bioethics literatures to examine clusters of ethical and social issues arising in five main areas: (1) informed consent and the vulnerability of patients; (2) determining what a "suitable healthy donor" is; (3) safety and risk; (4) commercialization and potential exploitation of vulnerable patients; and (5) public health implications...
May 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429916/opportunities-and-barriers-to-public-health-nutrition-education-in-vietnamese-universities
#4
Quynh Th Pham, Anthony Worsley, Mark Lawrence, Bernie Marshall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A core challenge for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in combating the negative effects of the nutrition transition is to implement appropriate prevention strategies to halt the increasing prevalence of obesity and non-communicable diseases (NCDs), against a background of prevailing under nutrition. There have been several proposals for the enhancement of university nutrition education for future health and related professionals who are expected to communicate knowledge of health risks to the broad community...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429527/balancing-health-care-education-and-patient-care-in-the-uk-workplace-a-realist-synthesis
#5
Sarah Sholl, Rola Ajjawi, Helen Allbutt, Jane Butler, Divya Jindal-Snape, Jill Morrison, Charlotte Rees
CONTEXT: Patient care activity has recently increased without a proportionate rise in workforce numbers, impacting negatively on health care workplace learning. Health care professionals are prepared in part by spending time in clinical practice, and for medical staff this constitutes a contribution to service. Although stakeholders have identified the balance between health care professional education and patient care as a key priority for medical education research, there have been very few reviews to date on this important topic...
April 20, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429239/development-and-initial-validation-of-a-short-three-dimensional-inventory-of-character-strengths
#6
Wenjie Duan, He Bu
PURPOSE: Character strength is described as a positive and organized pattern of emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. It serves as a schema that organizes categories of information toward the self, others, and the world, and provides the self-aware knowledge that facilitates the pursuit of goals, values, and ethical principles. Recent research has suggested that three reliable factors emerge from the measures of character strengths: caring, inquisitiveness, and self-control. The goal of this paper is to develop a psychometrically sound short measure of character strength...
April 20, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428169/assessing-the-medication-adherence-app-marketplace-from-the-health-professional-and-consumer-vantage-points
#7
Lindsey E Dayer, Rebecca Shilling, Madalyn Van Valkenburg, Bradley C Martin, Paul O Gubbins, Kristie Hadden, Seth Heldenbrand
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence produces considerable health consequences and economic burden to patients and payers. One approach to improve medication nonadherence that has gained interest in recent years is the use of smartphone adherence apps. The development of smartphone adherence apps has increased rapidly since 2012; however, literature evaluating the clinical app and effectiveness of smartphone adherence apps to improve medication adherence is generally lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to (1) provide an updated evaluation and comparison of medication adherence apps in the marketplace by assessing the features, functionality, and health literacy (HL) of the highest-ranking adherence apps and (2) indirectly measure the validity of our rating methodology by determining the relationship between our app evaluations and Web-based consumer ratings...
April 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428155/using-persuasive-technology-to-increase-physical-activity-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-by-encouraging-regular-walking-a-mixed-methods-study-exploring-opinions-and-preferences
#8
Yvonne Kiera Bartlett, Thomas L Webb, Mark S Hawley
BACKGROUND: People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (PwCOPD) often experience breathlessness and fatigue, making physical activity challenging. Although many persuasive technologies (such as mobile phone apps) have been designed to support physical activity among members of the general population, current technologies aimed at PwCOPD are underdeveloped and only use a limited range of persuasive technology design principles. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore how acceptable different persuasive technology design principles were considered to be in supporting and encouraging physical activity among PwCOPD...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427790/exercise-and-ckd-skeletal-muscle-dysfunction-and-practical-application-of-exercise-to-prevent-and-treat-physical-impairments-in-ckd
#9
Baback Roshanravan, Jorge Gamboa, Kenneth Wilund
Patients with chronic kidney disease experience substantial loss of muscle mass, weakness, and poor physical performance. As kidney disease progresses, skeletal muscle dysfunction forms a common pathway for mobility limitation, loss of functional independence, and vulnerability to disease complications. Screening for those at high risk for mobility disability by self-reported and objective measures of function is an essential first step in developing an interdisciplinary approach to treatment that includes rehabilitative therapies and counseling on physical activity...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427407/constructive-ehealth-evaluation-lessons-from-evaluation-of-ehr-development-in-4-danish-hospitals
#10
Anna Marie Balling Høstgaard, Pernille Bertelsen, Christian Nøhr
BACKGROUND: Information and communication sources in the healthcare sector are replaced with new eHealth technologies. This has led to problems arising from the lack of awareness of the importance of end-user involvement in eHealth development and of the difficulties caused by using traditional summative evaluation methods. The Constructive eHealth evaluation method (CeHEM) provides a solution to these problems by offering an evaluation framework for supporting and facilitating end-user involvement during all phases of eHealth development...
April 20, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426312/safe-sex-in-the-1970s-community-practitioners-on-the-eve-of-aids
#11
Thomas R Blair
In the 1970s, groups of gay and gay-allied health professionals began to formulate guidelines for safer sexual activity, several years before HIV/AIDS. Through such organizations as the National Coalition of Gay Sexually Transmitted Disease Services, Bay Area Physicians for Human Rights, and the Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence, these practitioners developed materials that would define sexual health education for the next four decades, as well as such concepts as "bodily fluids" and the "safe sex hanky." To do so, they used their dual membership in the community and the health professions...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425889/soap-methodology-in-general-practice-family-medicine-teaching-in-practical-context
#12
Luiz Miguel Santiago, Isabel Neto
INTRODUCTION: Medical records in General Practice/Family Medicine are an essential information support on the health status of the patient and a communication document between health professionals. The development of competencies in General Practice/Family Medicine during pre-graduation must include the ability to make adequate medical records in practical context. As of 2012, medicine students at the University of Beira Interior have been performing visits using the Subjective, Objective, Assessment and Plan - SOAP methodology, with a performance evaluation of the visit, with the aim to check on which Subjective, Objective, Assessment and Plan - SOAP aspects students reveal the most difficulties in order to define improvement techniques and to correlate patient grade with tutor evaluation...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425373/calm-child-programme
#13
Ereny Gobrial, Raghu Raghavan
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disabilities (IDs) are more vulnerable to experiencing anxiety disorders. Parental involvement in intervention is crucial for successful management of the interventions in the population of people with ASDs. This article describes the design and evaluation of parenting programme for anxiety disorders in children and young people with ASD and ID. In phase 1 semi-structured interviews were conducted to explore management strategies for anxiety at home and in school settings...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425194/unlocking-the-limitations-living-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-receiving-care-through-telemedicine-a-phenomenological-study
#14
Tina Lien Barken, Elin Thygesen, Ulrika Söderhamn
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the lived experiences of quality of life among a group of patients living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who were included in a telemedical intervention after hospitalization for disease exacerbation. BACKGROUND: Patients with COPD have high symptom burden, poor control of symptoms, and a need for greater requirements in care. Telemedicine (TM) can provide benefits for patients with COPD by improving self-management...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424776/socially-responsible-surgery-building-recognition-and-coalition
#15
Tyler D Robinson, Thiago M Oliveira, Theresa R Timmes, Jacqueline M Mills, Nichole Starr, Matthew Fleming, Megan Janeway, Diane Haddad, Feroze Sidhwa, Ryan D Macht, Douglas F Kauffman, Tracey A Dechert
IMPORTANCE: Socially responsible surgery (SRS) integrates surgery and public health, providing a framework for research, advocacy, education, and clinical practice to address the social barriers of health that decrease surgical access and worsen surgical outcomes in underserved patient populations. These patients face disparities in both health and in health care, which can be effectively addressed by surgeons in collaboration with allied health professionals. OBJECTIVE: We reviewed the current state of surgical access and outcomes of underserved populations in American rural communities, American urban communities, and in low- and middle-income countries...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424768/model-based-policymaking-a-framework-to-promote-ethical-good-practice-in-mathematical-modeling-for-public-health-policymaking
#16
Lisa A Boden, Iain J McKendrick
Mathematical models are increasingly relied upon as decision support tools, which estimate risks and generate recommendations to underpin public health policies. However, there are no formal agreements about what constitutes professional competencies or duties in mathematical modeling for public health. In this article, we propose a framework to evaluate whether mathematical models that assess human and animal disease risks and control strategies meet standards consistent with ethical "good practice" and are thus "fit for purpose" as evidence in support of policy...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424551/interprofessional-education-for-internationally-educated-health-professionals-an-environmental-scan
#17
REVIEW
Mubashir Arain, Esther Suter, Sara Mallinson, Shelanne L Hepp, Siegrid Deutschlander, Shyama Dilani Nanayakkara, Elizabeth Louise Harrison, Grace Mickelson, Lesley Bainbridge, Ruby E Grymonpre
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this environmental scan was to identify Western Canadian interprofessional education (IPE) resources that currently exist for internationally educated health professionals (IEHPs). METHODOLOGY: A web-based search was conducted to identify learning resources meeting defined inclusion criteria with a particular focus on the resources available in the Western Canadian provinces. Information was extracted using a standardized template, and we contacted IEHP programs for additional information if necessary...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424142/advance-care-planning-culture-and-religion-an-environmental-scan-of-australian-based-online-resources
#18
Amanda Pereira-Salgado, Patrick Mader, Leanne M Boyd
Objectives Culture and religion are important in advance care planning (ACP), yet it is not well understood how this is represented in ACP online resources. The aim of the present study was to identify the availability of Australian-based ACP websites and online informational booklets containing cultural and religious information.Methods An environmental scanning framework was used with a Google search conducted from 30 June 2015 to 5 July 2015. Eligible Australian-based ACP websites and online informational booklets were reviewed by two analysts (APS & PM) for information pertaining to at least one culture or religion...
April 20, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423982/from-data-to-improved-decisions-operations-research-in-healthcare-delivery
#19
Muge Capan, Anahita Khojandi, Brian T Denton, Kimberly D Williams, Turgay Ayer, Jagpreet Chhatwal, Murat Kurt, Jennifer Mason Lobo, Mark S Roberts, Greg Zaric, Shengfan Zhang, J Sanford Schwartz
BACKGROUND: The Operations Research Interest Group (ORIG) within the Society of Medical Decision Making (SMDM) is a multidisciplinary interest group of professionals that specializes in taking an analytical approach to medical decision making and healthcare delivery. ORIG is interested in leveraging mathematical methods associated with the field of Operations Research (OR) to obtain data-driven solutions to complex healthcare problems and encourage collaborations across disciplines. This paper introduces OR for the non-expert and draws attention to opportunities where OR can be utilized to facilitate solutions to healthcare problems...
April 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423825/hemic-project-design-of-a-clinical-information-modelling-tool-based-on-iso13972-technical-specification
#20
Alberto Moreno-Conde, Francisco Sanchez-Laguna, Bidatzi Marin-Bastida, Antonio Romero-Tabares, Eva Martin-Sánchez, Dipak Kalra, Carlos Luis Parra-Calderón
The Andalusian Health Service is the public healthcare provider for 8.302.923 inhabitants in the South Spain. This organization coordinates primary and specialized care with an IT infrastructure composed by multiple Electronic Health Record Systems. According to the large volume of healthcare professionals involved, there is a need for providing a consistent management of information through multiple locations and systems. The HEMIC project aims to address this need developing and validating a methodology based on a software tool for standardizing information contained within EHR systems...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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