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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776051/algorithmic-detectability-threshold-of-the-stochastic-block-model
#1
Tatsuro Kawamoto
The assumption that the values of model parameters are known or correctly learned, i.e., the Nishimori condition, is one of the requirements for the detectability analysis of the stochastic block model in statistical inference. In practice, however, there is no example demonstrating that we can know the model parameters beforehand, and there is no guarantee that the model parameters can be learned accurately. In this study, we consider the expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm with belief propagation (BP) and derive its algorithmic detectability threshold...
March 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771570/how-primary-health-care-staff-working-in-rural-and-remote-areas-access-skill-development-and-expertise-to-support-health-promotion-practice
#2
Kathryn A McFarlane, Jenni Judd, Hylda Wapau, Nina Nichols, Kerrianne Watt, Sue Devine
INTRODUCTION: Health promotion is a key component of comprehensive primary health care. Health promotion approaches complement healthcare management by enabling individuals to increase control over their health. Many primary healthcare staff have a role to play in health promotion practice, but their ability to integrate health promotion into practice is influenced by their previous training and experience. For primary healthcare staff working in rural and remote locations, access to professional development can be limited by what is locally available and prohibitive in terms of cost for travel and accommodation...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771208/healthcare-managers-perceptions-of-managing-poor-performance
#3
Melanie Hill, Heather Gluyas, Martinique Sandy, Andrew Wingate
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to understand the perceptions and experiences of healthcare managers working within a community and ambulatory health service who manage poorly performing staff and, to identify the supports, and gaps in supports, that are available to these managers. Design/methodology/approach Data were collected via two focus groups using a semi-structured schedule. The data were transcribed, themed and conclusions summarised. Findings On analysis of the discussion of the line managers' experiences and perceptions of competence, six themes were identified, five themes common to both groups...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770551/implementing-community-participation-via-interdisciplinary-teams-in-primary-care-an-irish-case-study-in-practice
#4
Edel Tierney, Rachel McEvoy, Ailish Hannigan, Anne E MacFarlane
BACKGROUND: Community participation in primary care is enshrined in international and Irish health policy. However, there is a lack of evidence about how stakeholders work collectively to implement community participation within interdisciplinary teams; community perspectives are rarely captured, and a theoretical underpinning for implementation of community participation in primary care is absent. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a theoretically informed, multiperspectival empirical analysis of the implementation of community participation via primary care teams (PCTs) in Ireland...
May 16, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770101/resources-to-address-stigma-related-to-sexuality-substance-use-and-sexually-transmitted-and-blood-borne-infections
#5
R MacLean
Background: Stigma is widely recognized as a significant barrier to the prevention, management and treatment of sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBIs) in Canada. Despite major advances in STBBI prevention and treatment, and global efforts to reduce stigma, people living with or affected by STBBIs continue to experience stigma within health and social service settings in Canada. Objective: To describe the development, content and evaluation of knowledge translation resources and training workshops designed to equip health and social service professionals with the knowledge and skills needed to provide more respectful and inclusive sexual health, harm reduction and STBBI services...
February 1, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764175/caring-communities-as-collective-learning-process-findings-and-lessons-learned-from-a-participatory-research-project-in-austria
#6
Klaus Wegleitner, Patrick Schuchter
BACKGROUND: By now, the public health end-of-life care approach is well established and has induced diverse initiatives-subsumed under the concept of compassionate or caring communities-to engage the community in supporting vulnerable, dying people and their beloved ones. In the light of a participatory research project our paper examines the question: what are the deeper ideas behind caring communities and what constitutes a caring community? METHODS: A multi-level analysis based on (I) qualitative research with focus groups and interviews with community members within the project; (II) the reflection of the role of participatory research in caring community initiatives, and (III) the meta-analysis of an international expert workshop, which allowed to discuss our experiences and insights in the light of international caring community models and expertise...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762313/experiences-of-undergraduate-nursing-students-in-peer-assisted-learning-in-clinical-practice-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#7
Matthew C Carey, Bridie Kent, Jos M Latour
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this qualitative systematic review was to identify and synthesize the best available evidence on experiences of peer assisted learning (PAL) among student nurses in clinical practice so as to understand the value of PAL for this population. INTRODUCTION: Peer-assisted learning considers the benefits of peers working in collaboration and supporting each other in professional roles. This approach to facilitate learning is effective within universities, but there is limited exploration within the clinical practice environment...
May 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758071/the-long-term-impact-of-community-mobilisation-through-participatory-women-s-groups-on-women-s-agency-in-the-household-a-follow-up-study-to-the-makwanpur-trial
#8
Lu Gram, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Dharma S Manandhar, Daniel Strachan, Joanna Morrison, Naomi Saville, David Osrin, Kirti M Tumbahangphe, Anthony Costello, Michelle Heys
Women's groups practicing participatory learning and action (PLA) in rural areas have been shown to improve maternal and newborn survival in low-income countries, but the pathways from intervention to impact remain unclear. We assessed the long-term impact of a PLA intervention in rural Nepal on women's agency in the household. In 2014, we conducted a follow-up study to a cluster randomised controlled trial on the impact of PLA women's groups from 2001-2003. Agency was measured using the Relative Autonomy Index (RAI) and its subdomains...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757412/development-of-a-provincial-initiative-to-improve-glucose-control-in-critically-ill-patients
#9
Peter Dodek, Shari McKeown, Eric Young, Vinay Dhingra
Objective: To describe the development, implementation and initial evaluation of an initiative to improve glucose control in critically ill patients. Design: Glucose control in critically ill patients was chosen by critical care leaders as a target for improvement. This was an observational study to document changes in processes and measures of glucose control in each intensive care unit (ICU). ICU nurse educators were interviewed to document relevant changes between April 2012 and April 2016...
May 11, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757111/older-people-s-adoption-of-e-learning-services-a-qualitative-study-of-facilitators-and-barriers
#10
Xue Bai, Yiqin He, Florian Kohlbacher
This research investigates the facilitators and barriers for older people to adopt e-learning services using qualitative data of older people in a Chinese city. A qualitative approach was applied to explore the perceived facilitators and obstacles toward e-learning adoption with 10 older Chinese aged over 50. The results indicate the following: (1a) Age-related changes and cohort effects were found to be the internal barriers for the adoption of e-learning. (1b) Equipment problems, lack of time, and the availability of alternatives were found to have negative effects on the acceptance of e-learning services...
May 14, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749849/a-faculty-professional-development-model-that-improves-student-learning-encourages-active-learning-instructional-practices-and-works-for-faculty-at-multiple-institutions
#11
Karen N Pelletreau, Jennifer K Knight, Paula P Lemons, Jill S McCourt, John E Merrill, Ross H Nehm, Luanna B Prevost, Mark Urban-Lurain, Michelle K Smith
Helping faculty develop high-quality instruction that positively affects student learning can be complicated by time limitations, a lack of resources, and inexperience using student data to make iterative improvements. We describe a community of 16 faculty from five institutions who overcame these challenges and collaboratively designed, taught, iteratively revised, and published an instructional unit about the potential effect of mutations on DNA replication, transcription, and translation. The unit was taught to more than 2000 students in 18 courses, and student performance improved from preassessment to postassessment in every classroom...
June 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749843/a-community-building-framework-for-collaborative-research-coordination-across-the-education-and-biology-research-disciplines
#12
Nancy Pelaez, Trevor R Anderson, Stephanie M Gardner, Yue Yin, Joel K Abraham, Edward L Bartlett, Cara Gormally, Carol A Hurney, Tammy M Long, Dina L Newman, Karen Sirum, Michael T Stevens
Since 2009, the U.S. National Science Foundation Directorate for Biological Sciences has funded Research Coordination Networks (RCN) aimed at collaborative efforts to improve participation, learning, and assessment in undergraduate biology education (UBE). RCN-UBE projects focus on coordination and communication among scientists and educators who are fostering improved and innovative approaches to biology education. When faculty members collaborate with the overarching goal of advancing undergraduate biology education, there is a need to optimize collaboration between participants in order to deeply integrate the knowledge across disciplinary boundaries...
June 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746695/finding-the-forgotten-motivating-military-veterans-to-register-with-a-primary-healthcare-practice
#13
Alan Finnegan, Robin Jackson, Robin Simpson
Introduction: In the UK, primary healthcare practices choose from a series of Read codes to detail certain characteristics onto a patient's medical documentation. One of these codes is for military veterans indicating a history relating to military service. However, veterans are poor at seeking help, with research indicating that this code is only applied in 7.9% of cases. Clinical staff have a clear role in motivating veterans to declare their ex-Forces status or register with a primary healthcare center...
May 9, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746192/learning-from-students-facilitators-learning-in-interprofessional-placements
#14
Stacie Attrill, Chris Brebner, Claire Marsh
Few studies have examined experiences and learning from the viewpoint of interprofessional facilitators of student placements, and limited research has investigated this learning enacted across traditional service boundaries or between health and education practitioners. This study aimed to address these gaps by exploring perceptions about the learning and experiences of Early Childhood Educators (ECEs) who facilitated placements in childcare settings for speech-language pathology students from a health professional background...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743229/dissemination-and-implementation-science-in-primary-care-research-and-practice-contributions-and-opportunities
#15
Jodi Summers Holtrop, Borsika A Rabin, Russell E Glasgow
Dissemination and Implementation Science (DIS) is a growing research field that seeks to inform how evidence-based interventions can be successfully adopted, implemented, and maintained in health care delivery and community settings. In this article, an overview of DIS and how it has contributed to primary care delivery improvement, future opportunities for its use, and DIS resources for learning are described. Case examples are provided to illustrate how DIS can be used to solve the complex implementation and dissemination problems that emerge in primary care...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743219/clinician-experiences-with-screening-for-social-needs-in-primary-care
#16
Sebastian T Tong, Winston R Liaw, Paulette Lail Kashiri, James Pecsok, Julia Rozman, Andrew W Bazemore, Alex H Krist
BACKGROUND: Despite clear evidence demonstrating the influence of social determinants on health, whether and how clinicians should address these determinants remain unclear. We aimed to understand primary care clinicians' experiences of administering a social needs screening instrument. METHODS: Using a prospective, observational design, we identified patients living in communities with lower education and income seen by 17 clinicians from 12 practices in northern Virginia...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741968/pedestrian-navigation-and-public-transit-training-interventions-for-youth-with-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#17
Sally Lindsay, De-Lawrence Lamptey
PURPOSE: Being able to travel independently, whether as a pedestrian or by taking public transportation, is a critical element to maintaining quality of life and participation in the community. The objective of this systematic review is to understand the best practices and effective components of pedestrian and public transit training interventions for youth with disabilities. METHOD: Systematic searches of seven international databases identified 29 studies meeting our inclusion criteria...
May 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739457/key-features-of-palliative-care-service-delivery-to-indigenous-peoples-in-australia-new-zealand-canada-and-the-united-states-a-comprehensive-review
#18
Shaouli Shahid, Emma V Taylor, Shelley Cheetham, John A Woods, Samar M Aoun, Sandra C Thompson
BACKGROUND: Indigenous peoples in developed countries have reduced life expectancies, particularly from chronic diseases. The lack of access to and take up of palliative care services of Indigenous peoples is an ongoing concern. OBJECTIVES: To examine and learn from published studies on provision of culturally safe palliative care service delivery to Indigenous people in Australia, New Zealand (NZ), Canada and the United States of America (USA); and to compare Indigenous peoples' preferences, needs, opportunities and barriers to palliative care...
May 8, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739000/the-impact-of-a-statewide-trauma-informed-child-welfare-initiative-on-children-s-permanency-and-maltreatment-outcomes
#19
Beth Barto, Jessica Dym Bartlett, Adam Von Ende, Ruth Bodian, Carmen Rosa Noroña, Jessica Griffin, Jenifer Goldman Fraser, Kristine Kinniburgh, Joseph Spinazzola, Crystaltina Montagna, Marybeth Todd
This article presents findings of a state-wide trauma informed child-welfare initiative with the goal of improving well-being, permanency and maltreatment outcomes for traumatized children. The Massachuetts Child Trauma Project (MCTP), funded by the Administration of Children and Families, Children's Bureau was a multi-year project implementing trauma-informed care into child welfare service delivery. The project's implementation design included training and consultation for mental health providers in three evidence-based treatments and training of the child-welfare workforce in trauma-informed case work practice...
May 5, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736116/providing-palliative-care-in-rural-nepal-perceptions-of-mid-level-health-workers
#20
Rajesh N Gongal, Shambhu Kumar Upadhyay, Kedar Prasad Baral, Max Watson, George W Kernohan
Introduction: Nepal is beginning to develop palliative care services across the country. Most people live in rural areas, where the Mid-Level Health Workers (MHWs) are the major service providers. Their views on providing palliative care are most important in determining how the service is organized and developed. Aim: This study aims to ascertain the perceptions of MHWs about palliative care in their local community, to inform service development. Methods: A qualitative descriptive design, using focus group discussions, was used to collect data from a rural district of Makwanpur, 1 of the 75 districts of Nepal...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
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