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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443345/engaging-school-mental-health-professionals-to-deliver-evidence-based-interventions-to-hispanic-families
#1
Maria I Tapia, Manuel A Ocasio, Yannine Estrada, Hilda Pantin, Guillermo Prado
Research has demonstrated that a number of evidence-based programs can be effectively implemented in different community settings, such as schools, to target Hispanic youth and their families; however, successful implementation of such programs represents a challenge for practitioners. This article describes experiences and strategies associated with recruiting, training, and supervising school mental health professionals in the school-based implementation of an evidence-based, family-centered prevention program for Hispanic families...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442451/using-mobile-phones-to-collect-patient-data-lessons-learned-from-the-simple-study
#2
Sinead Duane, Meera Tandan, Andrew W Murphy, Akke Vellinga
BACKGROUND: Mobile phones offer new opportunities to efficiently and interactively collect real-time data from patients with acute illnesses, such as urinary tract infections (UTIs). One of the main benefits of using mobile data collection methods is automated data upload, which can reduce the chance of data loss, an issue when using other data collection methods such as paper-based surveys. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to explore differences in collecting data from patients with UTI using text messaging, a mobile phone app (UTI diary), and an online survey...
April 25, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441677/building-a-global-online-community-of-practice-the-openpediatrics-world-shared-practices-video-series
#3
Traci A Wolbrink, Niranjan Kissoon, Nabila Mirza, Jeffrey P Burns
PROBLEM: Health care professionals are familiar with engaging in local communities of practice (CoPs) within their hospital, region, and/or country, but despite the availability of online technologies that facilitate online global collaboration, the health care sector has yet to fully embrace these tools. APPROACH: In 2013, OPENPediatrics (an online social learning platform) launched the World Shared Practices video (WSP) series to engage and coalesce the global community of critical care clinicians...
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440999/-epistemic-injustice-during-the-medical-education-process-in-the-hospital-context
#4
Carolina Consejo-Y Chapela, Carlos Alfonso Viesca-Treviño
BACKGROUND: The educational model adopted by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) Faculty of Medicine is constructivist; it is a model based on competence development. It aims to provide learning environments that incorporate real activities (it helps the students to develop social negotiation skills, as part of their integral learning; it encourages them to take a critical and reflexive approach; and it is also a student-centered model). However, many challenges arise when this model is implemented in the context of hospital environments...
May 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440719/a-case-based-medical-curriculum-for-the-21st-century-the-use-of-innovative-approaches-in-designing-and-developing-a-case-on-mental-health
#5
Athanasios Hassoulas, Elizabeth Forty, Mathew Hoskins, James Walters, Stephen Riley
The introduction of case-based learning (CBL) by the School of Medicine at Cardiff University has encouraged innovation in medical teaching and learning. During years one and two of the modernized MBBCh program, students complete 17 cases as part of the newly developed C21 curriculum that emphasizes a patient-oriented and student-centered approach to learning. The mental health case, which is presented in year 2, incorporates a number of novel teaching resources that aim to enhance the students' learning experience and to further reinforce the patient-oriented and community-based philosophy of C21...
May 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440097/exploring-the-role-of-classroom-based-learning-in-professional-identity-formation-of-family-practice-residents-using-the-experiences-trajectories-and-reifications-framework
#6
Luke Y C Chen, Maria M Hubinette
BACKGROUND: Classroom-based learning such as academic half day has undervalued social aspects. We sought to explore its role in the professional identity development of family medicine residents. METHODS: In this case study, residents and faculty from four training sites in the University of British Columbia Department of Family Practice were interviewed. The "experiences, trajectories, and reifications (ETR) framework" was used as a sensitizing tool for modified inductive (thematic) analysis of the transcripts...
April 25, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439351/residents-exposure-to-educational-experiences-in-facilitating-hospital-discharges
#7
Eric Young, Chad Stickrath, Monica McNulty, Aaron J Calderon, Elizabeth Chapman, Jed D Gonzalo, Ethan F Kuperman, Max Lopez, Christopher J Smith, Joseph R Sweigart, Cecelia N Theobald, Robert E Burke
BACKGROUND: There is an incomplete understanding of the most effective approaches for motivating residents to adopt guideline-recommended practices for hospital discharges. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated internal medicine (IM) residents' exposure to educational experiences focused on facilitating hospital discharges and compared those experiences based on correlations with residents' perceived responsibility for safely transitioning patients from the hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional, multi-center survey of IM residents at 9 US university- and community-based training programs in 2014-2015 measured exposure to 8 transitional care experiences, their perceived impact on care transitions attitudes, and the correlation between experiences and residents' perceptions of postdischarge responsibility...
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437691/midwifery-participatory-curriculum-development-transformation-through-active-partnership
#8
Mary Sidebotham, Caroline Walters, Janine Chipperfield, Jenny Gamble
Evolving knowledge and professional practice combined with advances in pedagogy and learning technology create challenges for accredited professional programs. Internationally a sparsity of literature exists around curriculum development for professional programs responsive to regulatory and societal drivers. This paper evaluates a participatory curriculum development framework, adapted from the community development sector, to determine its applicability to promote engagement and ownership during the development of a Bachelor of Midwifery curriculum at an Australian University...
April 15, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431301/diversity-training-for-the-community-aged-care-workers-a-conceptual-framework-for-evaluation
#9
Arti Appannah, Claudia Meyer, Rajna Ogrin, Sally McMillan, Elizabeth Barrett, Colette Browning
Older Australians are an increasingly diverse population, with variable characteristics such as culture, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, and physical capabilities potentially influencing their participation in healthcare. In response, community aged care workers may need to increase skills and uptake of knowledge into practice regarding diversity through appropriate training interventions. Diversity training (DT) programs have traditionally existed in the realm of business, with little research attention devoted to scientifically evaluating the outcomes of training directed at community aged care workers...
March 23, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407144/the-north-american-primary-care-research-group-s-patient-and-clinician-engagement-program-pace-demystifying-patient-engagement-through-a-dyad-model
#10
Jessica Sand, Maret Felzien, Ray Haeme, Hazel Tapp, Diane Derkowski, John M Westfall
Background.: Community engagement in research is essential for translating the best evidence into community and clinical practice to improve the health and well-being of the population. Objective.: North American Primary Care Research Group's Redundant Patient and Clinician Engagement Program (PaCE) program aims to develop a robust community of patients and primary care providers with knowledge and understanding of the unique features of patient-centred outcomes research related to primary care in order to advocate for and engage in research...
April 12, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407016/learning-from-label-proportions-in-brain-computer-interfaces-online-unsupervised-learning-with-guarantees
#11
David Hübner, Thibault Verhoeven, Konstantin Schmid, Klaus-Robert Müller, Michael Tangermann, Pieter-Jan Kindermans
OBJECTIVE: Using traditional approaches, a brain-computer interface (BCI) requires the collection of calibration data for new subjects prior to online use. Calibration time can be reduced or eliminated e.g., by subject-to-subject transfer of a pre-trained classifier or unsupervised adaptive classification methods which learn from scratch and adapt over time. While such heuristics work well in practice, none of them can provide theoretical guarantees. Our objective is to modify an event-related potential (ERP) paradigm to work in unison with the machine learning decoder, and thus to achieve a reliable unsupervised calibrationless decoding with a guarantee to recover the true class means...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402414/inter-sectoral-transfer-of-the-food-for-life-settings-framework-in-england
#12
Selena Gray, Matthew Jones, Robin Means, Judy Orme, Hannah Pitt, Debra Salmon
Organisational settings such as schools, workplaces and hospitals are well recognised as key environments for health promotion. Whilst there is extensive literature on specific types of settings, little empirical research has investigated the transfer of frameworks between sectors. This study analyses Food for Life, an England-wide healthy and sustainable food programme that evolved in schools and is being adapted for children's centres, universities, care homes, and hospital settings. Following a case study design, we interviewed 85 stakeholders in nine settings...
April 11, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401510/a-systematic-literature-review-of-us-engineering-ethics-interventions
#13
Justin L Hess, Grant Fore
Promoting the ethical formation of engineering students through the cultivation of their discipline-specific knowledge, sensitivity, imagination, and reasoning skills has become a goal for many engineering education programs throughout the United States. However, there is neither a consensus throughout the engineering education community regarding which strategies are most effective towards which ends, nor which ends are most important. This study provides an overview of engineering ethics interventions within the U...
April 11, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399002/understanding-the-role-and-impact-of-effective-country-and-community-leadership-in-progress-toward-the-global-plan
#14
Charles Lyons, Yogan Pillay
Individual leadership and leaders have played pivotal roles in the history of efforts to end the AIDS epidemic. The goal of this article is to reflect on and understand how leadership and leaders have impacted and enabled the success of the Global Plan Towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections among Children by 2015 and Keeping their Mothers Alive (Global Plan). To accomplish this goal, multiple interviews were conducted with individuals in positions of leadership who had been identified as people whose actions drove progress...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397160/implementation-of-a-tobacco-free-workplace-program-at-a-local-mental-health-authority
#15
Virmarie Correa-Fernández, William T Wilson, Deborah A Shedrick, Bryce Kyburz, Hannah L Samaha, Timothy Stacey, Teresa Williams, Cho Y Lam, Lorraine R Reitzel
Tobacco-free workplace policies that incorporate evidence-based practices can increase the reach and effectiveness of tobacco dependence treatment among underserved populations but may be underutilized due to limited knowledge about implementation processes. This paper describes the implementation of a comprehensive tobacco-free workplace program at a behavioral healthcare community center in Texas. The center participated in a tobacco-free workplace program implementation project that provided guidance and resources and allowed center autonomy in implementation...
April 10, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396705/changing-the-impact-of-nursing-assistants-education-in-seniors-care-the-living-classroom-in-long-term-care
#16
REVIEW
Veronique M Boscart, Josie d'Avernas, Paul Brown, Marlene Raasok
BACKGROUND: Evidence-informed care to support seniors is based on strong knowledge and skills of nursing assistants (NAs). Currently, there are insufficient NAs in the workforce, and new graduates are not always attracted to nursing home (NH) sectors because of limited exposure and lack of confidence. Innovative collaborative approaches are required to prepare NAs to care for seniors. METHODS: A 2009 collaboration between a NH group and a community college resulted in the Living Classroom (LC), a collaborative approach to integrated learning where NA students, college faculty, NH teams, residents, and families engage in a culture of learning...
March 2017: Canadian Geriatrics Journal: CGJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393064/exploring-systems-that-support-good-clinical-care-in-indigenous-primary-health-care-services-a-retrospective-analysis-of-longitudinal-systems-assessment-tool-data-from-high-improving-services
#17
Cindy Woods, Karen Carlisle, Sarah Larkins, Sandra Claire Thompson, Komla Tsey, Veronica Matthews, Ross Bailie
BACKGROUND: Continuous Quality Improvement is a process for raising the quality of primary health care (PHC) across Indigenous PHC services. In addition to clinical auditing using plan, do, study, and act cycles, engaging staff in a process of reflecting on systems to support quality care is vital. The One21seventy Systems Assessment Tool (SAT) supports staff to assess systems performance in terms of five key components. This study examines quantitative and qualitative SAT data from five high-improving Indigenous PHC services in northern Australia to understand the systems used to support quality care...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391206/multiple-swarm-ensembles-improving-the-predictive-power-and-robustness-of-predictive-models-and-its-use-in-computational-biology
#18
Pedro Alves, Shuang Liu, Daifeng Wang, Mark Gerstein
Machine learning is an integral part of computational biology, and has already shown its use in various applications, such as prognostic tests. In the last few years in the non-biological machine learning community, ensembling techniques have shown their power in data mining competitions such as the Netflix challenge; however, such methods have not found wide use in computational biology. In this work we endeavor to show how ensembling techniques can be applied to practical problems, including problems in the field of bioinformatics, and how they often outperform other machine learning techniques in both predictive power and robustness...
April 5, 2017: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387801/deadly-choices-empowering-indigenous-australians-through-social-networking-sites
#19
Karen McPhail-Bell, Nathan Appo, Alana Haymes, Chelsea Bond, Mark Brough, Bronwyn Fredericks
The potential for health promotion through social networking sites (SNSs) is widely recognized. However, while health promotion prides itself in focusing on the social determinants of health, its partiality for persuading individuals to comply with health behaviours dominates the way health promotion utilizes SNSs. This paper contributes to an understanding of collaborative ways SNSs can work for health promotion agendas of self-determination and empowerment in an Indigenous Australia context. An ethnographic study was undertaken with Deadly Choices, an Indigenous-led health promotion initiative...
April 5, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384084/strengthening-integrated-care-through-population-focused-primary-care-services-international-experiences-outside-the-united-states
#20
Rene Loewenson, Sarah Simpson
Many high- and middle-income countries (HMICs) are experiencing a burden of comorbidity and chronic diseases. Together with increasing patient expectations, this burden is raising demand for population health-oriented innovation in health care. Using desk review and country case studies, we examine strategies applied in HMICs outside the United States to address these challenges, with a focus on and use of a new framework for analyzing primary care (PC). The article outlines how a population health approach has been supported by focusing assessment on and clustering services around social groups and multimorbidity, with support for community roles...
March 20, 2017: Annual Review of Public Health
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