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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143775/low-cost-air-quality-monitoring-tools-from-research-to-practice-a-workshop-summary
#1
REVIEW
Andrea L Clements, William G Griswold, Abhijit Rs, Jill E Johnston, Megan M Herting, Jacob Thorson, Ashley Collier-Oxandale, Michael Hannigan
In May 2017, a two-day workshop was held in Los Angeles (California, U.S.A.) to gather practitioners who work with low-cost sensors used to make air quality measurements. The community of practice included individuals from academia, industry, non-profit groups, community-based organizations, and regulatory agencies. The group gathered to share knowledge developed from a variety of pilot projects in hopes of advancing the collective knowledge about how best to use low-cost air quality sensors. Panel discussion topics included: (1) best practices for deployment and calibration of low-cost sensor systems, (2) data standardization efforts and database design, (3) advances in sensor calibration, data management, and data analysis and visualization, and (4) lessons learned from research/community partnerships to encourage purposeful use of sensors and create change/action...
October 28, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136513/facilitating-learning-through-an-international-virtual-collaborative-practice-a-case-study
#2
Monne Wihlborg, Elizabeth E Friberg, Karen M Rose, Linda Eastham
BACKGROUND: Internationalisation of higher education involving information and communication technology such as e-learning opens opportunities for innovative learning approaches across nations and cultures. OBJECTIVES: Describe a case in practice of collaborative and transformative learning in relation to 'internationalisation on home grounds' with the broader learning objective of 'becoming aware and knowledgeable'. DESIGN: A mutually developed project established a virtual international collaborative exchange for faculty and students using a course management software (MOODLE) and open access technology (Adobe CONNECT)...
November 4, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136362/examiner-calibration-in-caries-detection-for-populations-and-settings-where-in-vivo-calibration-is-not-practical
#3
B Christian, E Amezdroz, H Calache, M Gussy, R Sore, E Waters
AIM: to compare two methods of in vitro examiner calibration in populations and settings where clinical (in vivo) calibration is not practical. METHODS: Study design was cross-sectional and fully-crossed. The units of analysis were 880 tooth surfaces, from ten children ages 3 to 4 years. The study had three data components: (1) Examiner training and calibration using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) e-Learning programme (2) In vivo community-based visual examination and (3) Intra-oral digital photographs of the same tooth surfaces from the in vivo visual examination...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129123/opinions-of-nurses-regarding-conscientious-objection
#4
Rafael Toro-Flores, Pilar Bravo-Agüi, María Victoria Catalán-Gómez, Marisa González-Hernando, María Jesús Guijarro-Cenisergue, Margarita Moreno-Vázquez, Isabel Roch-Hamelin, Tamara Raquel Velasco-Sanz
BACKGROUND: In the last decades, there have been important developments in the scientific and technological areas of healthcare. On certain occasions this provokes conflict between the patients' rights and the values of healthcare professionals which brings about, within this clinical relationship, the problem of conscientious objection. AIMS: To learn the opinions that the Nurses of the Madrid Autonomous Community have regarding conscientious objection. RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-cutting descriptive study...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127902/a-survey-of-machine-learning-applications-in-hiv-clinical-research-and-care
#5
REVIEW
Kuteesa R Bisaso, Godwin T Anguzu, Susan A Karungi, Agnes Kiragga, Barbara Castelnuovo
A wealth of genetic, demographic, clinical and biomarker data is collected from routine clinical care of HIV patients and exists in the form of medical records available among the medical care and research communities. Machine learning (ML) methods have the ability to identify and discover patterns in complex datasets and predict future outcomes of HIV treatment. We survey published studies that make use of ML techniques in HIV clinical research and care. An advanced search relevant to the use of ML in HIV research was conducted in the PubMed biomedical database...
November 8, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124965/perceived-inequalities-in-care-and-support-for-older-women-from-black-and-minority-ethnic-backgrounds-in-wales-findings-from-a-survey-exploring-dignity-from-service-providers-perspectives
#6
Juping Yu, Roiyah Saltus, Paul Jarvis
OBJECTIVE: As part of a large mixed-method study aimed at capturing understandings of dignity, and care expectations of community dwelling older women from Black and minority ethnic (BME) backgrounds living in Wales, the aim of this paper is to compare service providers' perceptions of their care and support provided to older people in general, and to older women from BME backgrounds in particular, with a focus on two dignity indicators: care and support needs, and effective communication...
November 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121923/decentralised-training-for-medical-students-a-scoping-review
#7
Marietjie de Villiers, Susan van Schalkwyk, Julia Blitz, Ian Couper, Kalavani Moodley, Zohray Talib, Taryn Young
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, medical students are trained at sites away from the tertiary academic health centre. A growing body of literature identifies the benefits of decentralised clinical training for students, the health services and the community. A scoping review was done to identify approaches to decentralised training, how these have been implemented and what the outcomes of these approaches have been in an effort to provide a knowledge base towards developing a model for decentralised training for undergraduate medical students in lower and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
November 9, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118100/-difficult-conversations-evaluation-of-multiprofessional-training
#8
Lisa Jane Brighton, Lucy Ellen Selman, Nicholas Gough, J J Nadicksbernd, Katherine Bristowe, Catherine Millington-Sanders, Jonathan Koffman
OBJECTIVES: Evidence-based communication skills training for health and social care professionals is essential to improve the care of seriously ill patients and their families. We aimed to evaluate the self-reported impact of 'Difficult Conversations', a multidisciplinary half-day interactive workshop, and gain feedback to inform future development and evaluation. METHODS: Service evaluation using questionnaire data collected before and immediately after workshops from February 2015 to August 2016 regarding participant self-assessed confidence, knowledge and skills...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117892/emergency-department-referral-patterns-of-australian-general-practitioner-registrars-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-prevalence-nature-and-associations
#9
Nigel Catzikiris, Amanda Tapley, Simon Morgan, Mieke van Driel, Neil Spike, Elizabeth G Holliday, Jean Ball, Kim Henderson, Lawrie McArthur, Parker Magin
Objective Limited international evidence suggests general practice registrars' emergency department (ED) referral rates exceed those of established general practitioners (GPs). The aim of the present study was to fill an evidence gap by establishing the prevalence, nature and associations of Australian GP registrar ED referrals.Methods A cross-sectional analysis was performed of the Registrar Clinical Encounters in Training (ReCEnT) cohort study of GP registrars' consultation experiences, between 2010 and 2015...
November 9, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117091/the-application-of-observational-practice-and-educational-networking-in-simulation-based-and-distributed-medical-education-contexts
#10
Arthur Welsher, David Rojas, Zain Khan, Laura VanderBeek, Bill Kapralos, Lawrence E M Grierson
INTRODUCTION: Research has revealed that individuals can improve technical skill performance by viewing demonstrations modeled by either expert or novice performers. These findings support the development of video-based observational practice communities that augment simulation-based skill education and connect geographically distributed learners. This study explores the experimental replicability of the observational learning effect when demonstrations are sampled from a community of distributed learners and serves as a context for understanding learner experiences within this type of training protocol...
November 8, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112024/evaluation-of-patient-safety-culture-in-community-pharmacies
#11
Ephrem A Aboneh, Jamie A Stone, Corey A Lester, Michelle A Chui
OBJECTIVE: Medication errors are common in community pharmacies. Safety culture is considered a factor for medication safety but has not been measured in this setting. The objectives of this study were to describe safety culture measured using the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Community Pharmacy Survey on Patient Safety Culture and to assess predictors of overall patient safety. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey of community pharmacists practicing in Wisconsin measuring safety culture...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106515/communities-driving-change-evaluation-of-an-aboriginal-driver-licensing-programme-in-australia
#12
Patricia Cullen, Kathleen Clapham, Serigne Lo, Kris Rogers, Kate Hunter, Rebekah Treacy, Bobby Porykali, Lisa Keay, Teresa Senserrick, Rebecca Ivers
The Driving Change programme was developed to facilitate access to licensing in Aboriginal communities in Australia. This process evaluation aimed to explore whether Driving Change was implemented as intended and was addressing the needs of the communities. A mixed methods approach was used, with triangulation of client data (n = 984), semi-structured interviews (n = 18) and client discussion groups (n = 21). Descriptive and regression analyses of quantitative and thematic analysis of qualitative data were drawn together to develop an integrated understanding of implementation barriers and facilitators...
July 3, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105793/what-can-we-learn-in-drug-allergy-management-from-world-health-organization-s-international-classifications
#13
REVIEW
Luciana Kase Tanno, Maria Jose Torres, Mariana Castells, Pascal Demoly
Drug hypersensitivity reactions (DHRs) represent growing health problem worldwide, affecting more than 7% of the general population and represent an important public health problem. However, knowledge in DHRs morbidity and mortality epidemiological data is still not optimal and international comparable standards remain poorly accessed. Institutional databases worldwide increasingly use the WHO International Classification of Diseases (ICD) system to classify diagnoses, health services utilization and death data...
November 6, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105338/current-knowledge-and-perception-of-bariatric-surgery-among-greek-doctors-living-in-thessaly
#14
Dimitris Zacharoulis, Vissarion Bakalis, Eleni Zachari, Eleni Sioka, Dialecthi Tsimpida, Dimitrios Magouliotis, Vasiliki Tasiopoulou, Christina Chatedaki, George Tzovaras
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to assess doctors' knowledge, current conceptions, and clinical practice regarding obesity and bariatric surgery. METHODS: A self-administered survey was administered to 500 doctors with varying medical specialties in public and private practice. RESULTS: The response rate was 60%. Most participants (77.3%) were in private practice. Although almost half of the participants could define morbid obesity and obesity-related comorbidities, only 8...
November 3, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102812/results-of-a-utilization-focused-evaluation-of-a-right-to-play-program-for-indigenous-youth
#15
Alexandra Arellano, Tanya Halsall, Tanya Forneris, Cindy Gaudet
This paper presents an evaluation of the Promoting Life Skills for Aboriginal Youth (PLAY) program that is operated by Right to Play (RTP). The focus of the program is to help youth develop a variety of life skills and become leaders within their communities. Piloted in 2010 with 2 communities, the program is now implemented in 88 communities in Ontario, Manitoba, British Columbia, and Alberta. This study applies a utilization-focused evaluation to examine staff perceptions related to program implementation...
August 5, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101131/effectiveness-of-community-health-worker-training-programmes-for-cardiovascular-disease-management-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#16
Marwa Abdel-All, Barbara Putica, Deversetty Praveen, Seye Abimbola, Rohina Joshi
INTRODUCTION: Community health workers (CHWs) are increasingly being tasked to prevent and manage cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its risk factors in underserved populations in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs); however, little is known about the required training necessary for them to accomplish their role. This review aimed to evaluate the training of CHWs for the prevention and management of CVD and its risk factors in LMICs. METHODS: A search strategy was developed in line with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, and five electronic databases (Medline, Global Health, ERIC, EMBASE and CINAHL) were searched to identify peer-reviewed studies published until December 2016 on the training of CHWs for prevention or control of CVD and its risk factors in LMICs...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099411/learning-with-e-books-and-project-based-strategy-in-a-community-health-nursing-course
#17
Tien-Wen Sung, Ting-Ting Wu
With advances in information technology, "information-assisted instruction" has been gradually introduced to nursing education curricula. Specifically, the integration of an e-book system can effectively enhance nursing students' attention and interest. Most studies on nursing education that incorporated e-books have focused on the advantages of convenience and assistance provided by e-books. Few studies have addressed community health nursing and off-campus practice activities in relation to suitable teaching strategies for learning activities...
November 2, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094537/students-perspectives-of-using-the-hub-and-spoke-model-to-support-and-develop-learning-in-practice
#18
Laura Millar, Margaret Conlon, Deborah McGirr
The hub and spoke model is one approach to nursing students' practice learning, which involves a base practice placement (hub), from which the student's learning is complemented by additional activities (spokes). This model has been integrated into Edinburgh Napier University's undergraduate nursing programmes since 2011, and it is considered to enhance practice learning. AIM: To explore the characteristics of the hub and spoke model that support nursing students' learning and enable them to improve their understanding of a person-centred approach to care...
October 25, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093046/developing-digital-and-media-literacies-in-children-and-adolescents
#19
REVIEW
Kristen Hawley Turner, Tessa Jolls, Michelle Schira Hagerman, William O'Byrne, Troy Hicks, Bobbie Eisenstock, Kristine E Pytash
In today's global culture and economy, in which individuals have access to information at their fingertips at all times, digital and media literacy are essential to participate in society. But what specific competencies must young citizens acquire? How do these competencies influence pedagogy? How are student knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors changed? What are the best ways to assess students' digital and media literacy? These questions underscore what parents, educators, health professionals, and community leaders need to know to ensure that youth become digitally and media literate...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092727/key-lessons-for-designing-health-literacy-professional-development-courses
#20
Lucio Naccarella, Bernice Murphy
Health literacy courses for health professionals have emerged in response to health professionals' perceived lack of understanding of health literacy issues, and their failure to routinely adopt health literacy practices. Since 2013 in Victoria, Australia, the Centre for Culture, Ethnicity and Health has delivered an annual health literacy demonstration training course that it developed. Course development and delivery partners included HealthWest Partnership and cohealth. The courses are designed to develop the health literacy knowledge, skills and organisational capacity of the health and community services sector in the western metropolitan region of Melbourne...
November 2, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
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