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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916062/-perioperational-management-of-gynecological-cancer-patients-with-severe-internal-medical-complications-a-serial-of-37-clinical-cases
#1
J Hu, W Q Lyu, Y L Guo, H W Wen, H Qiao, Y Qu
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of perioperational management of gynecological cancer patients with severe internal medical complications. Methods: We collected 37 cases of gynecological cancer patients with severe internal medical complications who were hospitalized in Peking University First Hospital from Jan. 2010 to Nov. 2014. All of the cases were planned to move to ICU right after operation based on the preoperational assessment of anesthetist and physician. The median age was 69.4 years, and 25 cases (68%,25/37) of them were over 70 years old...
November 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912872/anti-allergic-potential-of-typhonium-blumei-inhibition-of-degranulation-via-suppression-of-pi3k-plc%C3%AE-2-phosphorylation-and-calcium-influx
#2
Michal Korinek, Kuan-Ming Chen, Yu-Han Jiang, Mohamed El-Shazly, Joel Stocker, Chon-Kit Chou, Tsong-Long Hwang, Yang-Chang Wu, Bing-Hung Chen, Fang-Rong Chang
BACKGROUND: Typhonium blumei Nicolson & Sivadasan (Araceae) is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb possessing detumescent, detoxifying, and anti-inflammatory activities. It is used in Taiwan as a folk medicine to treat cancer and inflammatory diseases. Typhonium blumei is usually not distinguished from Typhonium roxburghii Schott and they are commonly used interchangeably. PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory properties of T...
December 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858144/th9-and-other-il-9-producing-cells-in-allergic-asthma
#3
REVIEW
Sonja Koch, Nina Sopel, Susetta Finotto
Allergic asthma is a worldwide increasing chronic disease of the airways which affects more than 300 million people. It is associated with increased IgE, mast cell activation, airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), mucus overproduction and remodeling of the airways. Previously, this pathological trait has been associated with T helper type 2 (Th2) cells. Recently, different CD4(+) T cell subsets (Th17, Th9) as well as cells of innate immunity, like mast cells and innate lymphoid cells type 2 (ILC2s), which are all capable of producing the rediscovered cytokine IL-9, are known to contribute to this disease...
November 17, 2016: Seminars in Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852121/preventive-intra-oral-treatment-of-sea-cucumber-ameliorate-ova-induced-allergic-airway-inflammation
#4
Da-In Lee, Mi-Kyung Park, Shin Ae Kang, Jun-Ho Choi, Seok-Jung Kang, Jeong-Yeol Lee, Hak Sun Yu
Sea cucumber extracts have potent biological effects, including anti-viral, anti-cancer, antibacterial, anti-oxidant, and anti-inflammation effects. To understand their anti-asthma effects, we induced allergic airway inflammation in mice after 7 oral administrations of the extract. The hyper-responsiveness value in mice with ovalbumin (OVA)-alum-induced asthma after oral injection of sea cucumber extracts was significantly lower than that in the OVA-alum-induced asthma group. In addition, the number of eosinophils in the lungs of asthma-induced mice pre-treated with sea cucumber extract was significantly decreased compared to that of PBS pre-treated mice...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826777/impact-of-routine-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-monitoring-in-prone-esophagectomy-with-mediastinal-lymph-node-dissection
#5
Makoto Hikage, Takashi Kamei, Toru Nakano, Shigeo Abe, Kazunori Katsura, Yusuke Taniyama, Tadashi Sakurai, Jin Teshima, Soichi Ito, Nobuchika Niizuma, Hiroshi Okamoto, Toshiaki Fukutomi, Masato Yamada, Shota Maruyama, Noriaki Ohuchi
BACKGROUND: The problem of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) paralysis (RLNP) after radical esophagectomy remains unresolved. Several studies have confirmed that intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) of the RLN during thyroid surgery substantially decreases the incidence of RLN damage. This study tried to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of IONM of the RLN during thoracoscopic esophagectomy in the prone position for esophageal cancer. METHODS: All 108 patients who underwent prone esophagectomy at Tohoku University Hospital between July 2012 and March 2015 were included in this study...
November 8, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822287/traditional-chinese-medicine-use-among-patients-with-psoriasis-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#6
Shu-Wen Weng, Bor-Chyuan Chen, Yu-Chiao Wang, Chun-Kai Liu, Mao-Feng Sun, Ching-Mao Chang, Jaung-Geng Lin, Hung-Rong Yen
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has long been used for patients with psoriasis. This study aimed to investigate TCM usage in patients with psoriasis. We analyzed a cohort of one million individuals representing the 23 million enrollees randomly selected from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. We identified 28,510 patients newly diagnosed with psoriasis between 2000 and 2010. Among them, 20,084 (70.4%) patients were TCM users. Patients who were female, younger, white-collar workers and lived in urbanized area tended to be TCM users...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808589/challenges-for-drug-discovery-and-development-in-china
#7
Kam Lun Hon, Vivian W Y Lee
The drug development industry is restructuring worldwide in terms of the research and development process. As with pharmaceuticals in the west and worldwide, China faces major challenges for drug discovery and development. Areas covered. In this review, the authors discuss anti-cancer, anti-allergy, anti-infectious, and proprietary Chinese Medicines (pCM) for various chronic diseases (such as the allergic diseases: eczema, asthma and allergic rhinitis), which remain the contemporary therapeutic strategies that are being explored and developed...
November 3, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796794/immunoglobulin-glycosylation-effects-in-allergy-and-immunity
#8
REVIEW
Alexandra Epp, Kathryn C Sullivan, Andrew B Herr, Richard T Strait
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review will be to familiarize the reader with the general area of antibody (Ab) glycosylation and to summarize the known functional roles of glycosylation and how glycan structure can contribute to various disease states with emphasis on allergic disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Both immunoglobulin (Ig) isotype and conserved Fc glycosylation sites often dictate the downstream activity of an Ab where complexity and degree of glycosylation contribute to its ability to bind Fc receptors (FcRs) and activate complement...
November 2016: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789120/effect-of-curcumin-on-nasal-symptoms-and-airflow-in-patients-with-perennial-allergic-rhinitis
#9
Sihai Wu, Dajiang Xiao
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common disorder that can significantly affect patient quality of life. Previous studies have found that curcumin had anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects and clinical benefits in cancer and asthma. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of curcumin in the treatment of AR and to explore the molecular mechanisms involved. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind study, 241 patients with AR received either placebo or oral curcumin for 2 months...
October 24, 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773822/histamine-h3-receptor-antagonist-oup-186-attenuates-the-proliferation-of-cultured-human-breast-cancer-cell-lines
#10
Satoshi Tanaka, Minoru Sakaguchi, Hiroki Yoneyama, Yoshihide Usami, Shinya Harusawa
Histamine is involved in various physiological functions, including its neurotransmitter actions in the central nervous system and its action as a causative agent of inflammation, allergic reactions, and gastric acid secretions. Histamine expression and biosynthesis have been detected in breast cancer cells. It was recently suggested that the histamine H3 receptor (H3R) plays a role in the proliferation of breast cancer cells. We recently developed the non-imidazole H3R antagonist OUP-186 which exhibited a potent and selective human H3R antagonistic activity as well as no activity against the human histamine H4 receptor (H4R)...
October 21, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770532/impact-of-some-environmental-factors-on-human-health
#11
N Lomtatidze, G Dumbadze, M Chkhaidze, R Khakhnelidze
This paper presents statistical data of 2012-2015 on the diseases caused by the atmospheric air and water pollutions in Ajara region. The research on the content of dust, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide as well as carbon monoxide in the atmospheric air was held together with the National Environment Agency Ajara Monitoring Service. The results of the research have shown that the average content of the dust reached its maximum in 2012 (0.60 mg/m3) and it dropped to the minimum in 2015 (0.441 mg/m3). As for average content of carbon monoxide the maximum was observed in 2013 (3...
September 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767045/association-between-allergic-conditions-and-risk-of-prostate-cancer-a-prisma-compliant-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Jianguo Zhu, Jukun Song, Zezhen Liu, Jin Han, Heng Luo, Yunlin Liu, Zhenyu Jia, Yuanbo Dong, Wei Zhang, Funeng Jiang, Chinlee Wu, Zaolin Sun, Weide Zhong
Association between allergic conditions and prostate cancer risk has been investigated for many years. However, the results from available evidence for the association are inconsistent. We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the relationship between allergic conditions (asthma, atopy, hay fever and "any allergy") and risk of prostate cancer. The PubMed and Embase databases were searched to screen observational studies meeting our meta-analysis criteria. Study selection and data extraction from included studies were independently performed by two authors...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749360/an-overview-on-safety-of-monoclonal-antibodies
#13
Andrea Matucci, Francesca Nencini, Sara Pratesi, Enrico Maggi, Alessandra Vultaggio
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Biological agents have been a treatment option for many chronic immune-mediated diseases as well as oncological conditions. The issue of infusion reactions is of particular importance and at least in some cases related to the immunogenicity of these drugs with the production of antidrug antibodies. Infectious diseases are a well described side-effect of certain biological agents, even if, at least regarding the biological agents used for the treatment of allergic diseases and immune-mediated diseases, the risk has been reduced...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718779/eosinophilia-as-the-presenting-sign-in-pancreatic-cancer-an-extremely-rare-occurrence
#14
Uroosa Ibrahim, Divya Asti, Amina Saqib, Bindu Madhavi Mudduluru, Sadaf Ayaz, Marcel Odaimi
A case of pancreatic adenocarcinoma diagnosed following work up for eosinophilia is reported. A 68-year-old female was referred to our Hematology clinic for an absolute eosinophil count of 1869 per microliter. No allergic signs or symptoms were reported. Laboratory studies for parasitic infestations autoimmune disease and collagen vascular disease were negative. Computed tomography of the abdomen revealed a mass in the neck of the pancreas with fine needle aspiration biopsy consistent with adenocarcinoma. The patient received one cycle of modified FOLFIRINOX with complete resolution of the eosinophilia...
October 8, 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716623/low-ph-impairs-complement-dependent-cytotoxicity-against-igg-coated-target-cells
#15
Ezequiel Dantas, Fernando Erra Díaz, Pehuén Pereyra Gerber, Antonela Merlotti, Augusto Varese, Matías Ostrowski, Juan Sabatté, Jorge Geffner
Local acidosis is a common feature of allergic, vascular, autoimmune, and cancer diseases. However, few studies have addressed the effect of extracellular pH on the immune response. Here, we analyzed whether low pH could modulate complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) against IgG-coated cells. Using human serum as a complement source, we found that extracellular pH values of 5.5 and 6.0 strongly inhibit CDC against either B lymphoblast cell lines coated with the chimeric anti-CD20 mAb rituximab or PBMCs coated with the humanized anti-CD52 mAb alemtuzumab...
October 3, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687047/incidence-of-infusion-reactions-to-anti-neoplastic-agents-in-early-phase-clinical-trials-the-md-anderson-cancer-center-experience
#16
Manojkumar Bupathi, Joud Hajjar, Stacie Bean, Siqing Fu, David Hong, Daniel Karp, Bettzy Stephen, Kenneth Hess, Funda Meric-Bernstam, Aung Naing
Infusion reactions (IRs) to anti-neoplastic agents require prompt recognition and immediate treatment to avert significant complications. We conducted a retrospective review of the medical records of consecutive patients who received anti-neoplastic therapy in the outpatient treatment center of the Department of Investigational Cancer Therapeutics from January 1, 2013 to November 30, 2013. Of the 597 patients who received treatment, 9 (1.5 %) had IRs (all ≤ grade 2). The most common IRs observed on first occurrence were chills (n = 5), itching, rash, and facial flushing (n = 3 each)...
September 29, 2016: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684806/chemotherapy-with-or-without-estramustine-for-treatment-of-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Zhiqiang Qin, Xiao Li, Jianzhong Zhang, Jingyuan Tang, Peng Han, Zhen Xu, Yajie Yu, Chengdi Yang, Chengming Wang, Ting Xu, Zicheng Xu, Qing Zou
BACKGROUND: Recently, increasing relevant studies researched the efficacy of castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) patients using chemotherapy with or without estramustine, in order to assess the efficacy and toxicity of combining estramustine with chemotherapy for the treatment of CRPC. METHODS: Relevant randomized clinical trials were systematically searched from the databases Pubmed, Embase, and Web of science up to April 1, 2016. Data were centrally extracted and analyzed from the previous studies by 2 independent reviewers...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684486/arg126-and-asp49-are-essential-for-the-catalytic-function-of-microsomal-prostaglandin-e2-synthase-1-and-ser127-is-not
#18
Joan Raouf, Nazmi Rafique, Michael Christopher Goodman, Helena Idborg, Filip Bergqvist, Richard N Armstrong, Per-Johan Jakobsson, Ralf Morgenstern, Linda Spahiu
INTRODUCTION: Prostaglandins are signaling molecules that regulate different physiological processes, involving allergic and inflammatory responses and cardiovascular control. They are involved in several pathophysiological processes, including inflammation and cancer. The inducible terminal enzyme, microsomal prostaglandin E synthase 1 (MPGES1), catalyses prostaglandin E2 production during inflammation. MPGES1 has therefore been intensively studied as a pharmaceutical target and many competitive inhibitors targeting its active site have been developed...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671818/therapeutic-potential-and-molecular-targets-of-piceatannol-in-chronic-diseases
#19
Young-Joon Surh, Hye-Kyung Na
Piceatannol (3,3',4,5'-tetrahydroxy-trans-stilbene; PIC) is a naturally occurring stilbene present in diverse plant sources. PIC is a hydroxylated analog of resveratrol and produced from resveratrol by microsomal cytochrome P450 1A11/2 and 1B1 activities. Like resveratrol, PIC has a broad spectrum of health beneficial effects, many of which are attributable to its antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. PIC exerts anticarcinogenic effects by targeting specific proteins involved in regulating cancer cell proliferation, survival/death, invasion, metastasis, angiogenesis, etc...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663926/tinea-on-a-tattoo
#20
Alexandru Oanţă, Marius Irimie
In the last twenty years, the prevalence of individuals with tattoos in the general population has increased in Europe (1) as well as in Australia (2) and the United States of America (3). A series of complications such as acute inflammatory reactions, allergic contact dermatitis (4,5), photoinduced, lichenoid, and granulomatous reactions (6, 7), pseudolymphoma (8), pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia (9), skin infections (6), and skin cancers (10) may occur on tattoos. Infectious complications on tattoos include bacterial infections (pyoderma, leprosy, syphilis, cutaneous tuberculosis, mycobacteriosis) (11-14), viral infections (molluscum contagiosum, warts, herpes simplex, hepatitis B and C) (15-17), and fungal infections (sporotrichosis, dermatophytosis) (18,19)...
August 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
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