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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914858/telemedicine-use-among-caregivers-of-cancer-patients-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Chiara Marzorati, Chiara Renzi, Samuel William Russell-Edu, Gabriella Pravettoni
BACKGROUND: The number of published studies and systematic reviews examining different telehealth interventions targeting patients and their effects on patients' well-being and quality of life have grown in recent decades. However, the use of telemedicine tools aimed at the family members and caregivers of adult cancer patients is less defined. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to conduct a systematic review to provide a more complete picture regarding telemedicine tools for informal caregivers (usually family members or close friends) implemented in all phases of cancer care...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900177/reporting-data-analysis-methods-in-high-impact-respiratory-journals
#2
Pentti Nieminen, Tuula Toljamo, Hannu Vähänikkilä
Data analysis methods play an important role in respiratory research. We evaluated the application and complexity of data analytical methods in high-impact respiratory journals and compared the statistical reporting in these respiratory articles with reports published in other eminent medical journals. This study involved a total of 160 papers published in 2015 in the European Respiratory Journal, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Chest and Thorax , and 680 papers published between 2007-2015 in other medical journals including the Lancet and New England Journal of Medicine ...
April 2018: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865897/incidence-and-impact-of-withdrawal-of-life-sustaining-therapies-in-clinical-trials-of-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#3
Guillaume Leblanc, Amélie Boutin, Michèle Shemilt, François Lauzier, Lynne Moore, Véronique Potvin, Ryan Zarychanski, Patrick Archambault, François Lamontagne, Caroline Léger, Alexis F Turgeon
Background Most deaths following severe traumatic brain injury follow decisions to withdraw life-sustaining therapies. However, the incidence of the withdrawal of life-sustaining therapies and its potential impact on research data interpretation have been poorly characterized. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the reporting and the impact of withdrawal of life-sustaining therapies in randomized clinical trials of patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Methods We searched Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central, BIOSIS, and CINAHL databases and references of included trials...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850150/the-top-2-000-cited-articles-in-critical-care-medicine-a-bibliometric-analysis
#4
Zhongheng Zhang, Sven Van Poucke, Hemant Goyal, Daniel D Rowley, Ming Zhong, Nan Liu
Background: The bibliometric analysis has been performed on several topics in critical care medicine (CCM) focusing on top 100 cited articles, but the analysis on CCM literature as a whole is missing. The present study aimed to perform a complete bibliometric analysis in the field of CCM. Methods: An electronic search of the Scopus database was performed on Feb 13, 2018. The search strategy involved core terms related to CCM. The top 2,000 most cited articles in the field of CCM were included in the analysis...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796968/recommendations-for-the-use-of-ect-in-pregnancy-literature-review-and-proposed-clinical-protocol
#5
Heather Burrell-Ward, John A Fromson, Joseph J Cooper, Gildasio De Oliveira, Marcela Almeida
Psychiatric disorders are common in pregnancy, affecting 15-29% of pregnant women. Untreated depression has negative health consequences for mother and fetus. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective option for the treatment of severe depression, high suicide risk, catatonia, medication-resistant illness, psychotic agitation, severe physical decline, and other life-threatening conditions. To our knowledge, however, there is no literature that consolidates all the evidence on maternal and fetal risks associated with untreated depression, medications, and ECT then translating it into one cohesive protocol that could serve as a management guide and a source of reassurance to health-care providers involved in such practice...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699469/social-media-engagement-and-the-critical-care-medicine-community
#6
Sean S Barnes, Viren Kaul, Sapna R Kudchadkar
Over the last decade, social media has transformed how we communicate in the medical community. Microblogging through platforms such as Twitter has made social media a vehicle for succinct, targeted, and innovative dissemination of content in critical care medicine. Common uses of social media in medicine include dissemination of information, knowledge acquisition, professional networking, and patient advocacy. Social media engagement at conferences represents all of these categories and is often the first time health-care providers are introduced to Twitter...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692920/brain-tumor-biobanking-in-the-precision-medicine-era-building-a-high-quality-resource-for-translational-research-in-neuro-oncology
#7
REVIEW
Quinn T Ostrom, Karen Devine, Jordonna Fulop, Yingli Wolinsky, Peter Liao, Lindsay Stetson, Marta Couce, Andrew E Sloan, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan
The growth of precision medicine has made access to biobanks with high-quality, well-annotated neuro-oncology biospecimens critical. Developing and maintaining neuro-oncology biobanks is best accomplished through multidisciplinary collaboration between clinicians and researchers. Balancing the needs and leveraging the skills of all stakeholders in this multidisciplinary effort is of utmost importance. Collaboration with a multidisciplinary team of clinicians, health care team members, and institutions, as well as patients and their families, is essential for access to participants in order to obtain informed consent, collect samples under strict standard operating procedures, and accurate and relevant clinical annotation...
December 2017: Neuro-oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690893/inclusion-and-definition-of-acute-renal-dysfunction-in-critically-ill-patients-in-randomized-controlled-trials-a-systematic-review
#8
Rogerio da Hora Passos, Joao Gabriel Rosa Ramos, André Gobatto, Juliana Caldas, Etienne Macedo, Paulo Benigno Batista
BACKGROUND: In evidence-based medicine, multicenter, prospective, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the gold standard for evaluating treatment benefits and ensuring the effectiveness of interventions. Patient-centered outcomes, such as mortality, are most often the preferred evaluated outcomes. While there is currently agreement on how to classify renal dysfunction in critically ill patients , the application frequency of this new classification system in RCTs has not previously been evaluated...
April 24, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615035/real-world-evidence-how-pragmatic-are-randomized-controlled-trials-labeled-as-pragmatic
#9
Rafael Dal-Ré, Perrine Janiaud, John P A Ioannidis
INTRODUCTION: Pragmatic randomized controlled trials (RCTs) mimic usual clinical practice and they are critical to inform decision-making by patients, clinicians and policy-makers in real-world settings. Pragmatic RCTs assess effectiveness of available medicines, while explanatory RCTs assess efficacy of investigational medicines. Explanatory and pragmatic are the extremes of a continuum. This debate article seeks to evaluate and provide recommendation on how to characterize pragmatic RCTs in light of the current landscape of RCTs...
April 3, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605206/the-100-most-influential-publications-in-asthma-from-1960-to-2017-a-bibliometric-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Yulan Qu, Chen Zhang, Zhenli Hu, Sha Li, Chen Kong, Yunye Ning, Yan Shang, Chong Bai
BACKGROUND: The area of asthma medicine has produced a large volume of important clinical and scientific papers that can be found in those most influential journals. The purpose of our study was to identify the 100 most cited papers in asthma research and to analyze their characteristics. METHODS: We used the Institute for Scientific Information Web of Knowledge Database to identify the most frequently cited articles published from 1960 to December 2017. Original articles and reviews were included in the study...
April 2018: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603729/analysis-of-the-distribution-and-scholarly-output-from-national-institute-of-academic-anaesthesia-niaa-research-grants
#11
K El-Boghdadly, A B Docherty, A A Klein
The National Institute of Academic Anaesthesia (NIAA) was founded in 2008 to lead a UK strategy for developing academic anaesthesia. We aimed to assess the distribution of applications and quantify the academic returns of NIAA-supported research grants, as this has hitherto not been analysed. We sought data on the baseline characteristics of all grant applicants and recipients. Every grant recipient from 2008 to 2015 was contacted to ascertain the status of their supported research projects. We also examined Google Scholar, Scopus® database and InCites Journal Citation Reports for citation, author and journal metrics, respectively...
June 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519206/the-top-ten-websites-in-critical-care-medicine-education-today
#12
Traci A Wolbrink, Lucy Rubin, Jeffrey P Burns, Barry Markovitz
INTRODUCTION: The number of websites for the critical care provider is rapidly growing, including websites that are part of the Free Open Access Med(ical ed)ucation (FOAM) movement. With this rapidly expanding number of websites, critical appraisal is needed to identify quality websites. The last major review of critical care websites was published in 2011, and thus a new review of the websites relevant to the critical care clinician is necessary. METHODS: A new assessment tool for evaluating critical care medicine education websites, the Critical Care Medical Education Website Quality Evaluation Tool (CCMEWQET), was modified from existing tools...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463308/reproducibility-of-clinical-research-in-critical-care-a-scoping-review
#13
Daniel J Niven, T Jared McCormick, Sharon E Straus, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, Lianne Jeffs, Tavish R M Barnes, Henry T Stelfox
BACKGROUND: The ability to reproduce experiments is a defining principle of science. Reproducibility of clinical research has received relatively little scientific attention. However, it is important as it may inform clinical practice, research agendas, and the design of future studies. METHODS: We used scoping review methods to examine reproducibility within a cohort of randomized trials examining clinical critical care research and published in the top general medical and critical care journals...
February 21, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420456/examining-the-relationship-of-an-all-cause-harm-patient-safety-measure-and-critical-performance-measures-at-the-frontline-of-care
#14
Christine Sammer, Loran D Hauck, Cason Jones, Julie Zaiback-Aldinger, Michael Li, David Classen
BACKGROUND: In 2015, the Institute of Medicine Vital Signs report called for a new patient safety composite measure to lessen the reporting burden of patient harm. Before this report, two patient safety organizations had developed an electronic all-cause harm measurement system leveraging data from the electronic health record, which identified and grouped harms into five broad categories and consolidated them into one all-cause harm outcome measure. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between this all-cause harm patient safety measure and the following three performance measures important to overall hospital safety performance: safety culture, employee engagement, and patient experience...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415784/peer-reviewed-journal-editors-views-on-real-world-evidence
#15
Elisabeth M Oehrlein, Jennifer S Graff, Eleanor M Perfetto, C Daniel Mullins, Robert W Dubois, Chinenye Anyanwu, Eberechukwu Onukwugha
OBJECTIVES: Peer-review publication is a critical step to the translation and dissemination of research results into clinical practice guidelines, health technology assessment (HTA) and payment policies, and clinical care. The objective of this study was to examine current views of journal editors regarding: (i) The value of real-world evidence (RWE) and how it compares with other types of studies; (ii) Education and/or resources journal editors provide to their peer reviewers or perceive as needed for authors, reviewers, and editors related to RWE...
January 2018: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376560/inotropic-agents-and-vasodilator-strategies-for-the-treatment-of-cardiogenic-shock-or-low-cardiac-output-syndrome
#16
REVIEW
Julia Schumann, Eva C Henrich, Hellen Strobl, Roland Prondzinsky, Sophie Weiche, Holger Thiele, Karl Werdan, Stefan Frantz, Susanne Unverzagt
BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock (CS) and low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) as complications of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), heart failure (HF) or cardiac surgery are life-threatening conditions. While there is a broad body of evidence for the treatment of people with acute coronary syndrome under stable haemodynamic conditions, the treatment strategies for people who become haemodynamically unstable or develop CS remain less clear. We have therefore summarised here the evidence on the treatment of people with CS or LCOS with different inotropic agents and vasodilative drugs...
January 29, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321113/top-cited-publications-on-point-of-care-ultrasound-the-evolution-of-research-trends
#17
Shao-Feng Liao, Pai-Jung Chen, Chung-Hsien Chaou, Ching-Hsing Lee
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has been a rapidly growing and broadly used modality in recent decades. The purpose of this study was to determine how POCUS is incorporated into clinical medicine by analyzing trends of use in the published literature. METHODS: POCUS-related publications were retrieved from the Web of Science (WoS) database. The search results were ranked according to the number of times an article was cited during three time frames and average annual number of citations...
January 6, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303208/journal-club-sessions-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-conceptual-framework
#18
Bjoern Zante, Patricia Stoecklin, Joerg Christian Schefold
Journal Club sessions are regarded highly effective tools for continued medical education. They aim to keep participants up to date with the current available literature and may enhance one's critical reading, interpretation, and discussion skills. Thus, Journal Clubs should be implemented as part of educational curricula in intensive care medicine. Here, we provide a conceptual framework that may support medical educators and programme directors to successfully implement structured Journal Club sessions. Moreover, we discuss the technical aspects and future perspectives of respective educational formats...
2018: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298917/point-of-care-ultrasound-a-trend-in-health-care
#19
Anita M Buerger, Kevin R Clark
PURPOSE: To discuss the current and growing use of point-of-care (POC) ultrasound in the management and care of patients. METHODS: Several electronic research databases were searched to find articles that emphasized the use of POC ultrasound by health care providers who manage and treat critically ill or injured patients. Thirty-five relevant peer-reviewed journal articles were selected for this literature review. RESULTS: Common themes identified in the literature included the use of POC ultrasound in emergency medicine, military medicine, and remote care; comparison of POC ultrasound to other medical imaging modalities; investigation of the education and training required for nonimaging health care professionals who perform POC ultrasound in their practices; and discussion of the financial implications and limitations of POC ultrasound...
November 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275030/testosterone-and-cardiovascular-health
#20
REVIEW
Andrew Elagizi, Tobias S Köhler, Carl J Lavie
There is an ongoing debate in the medical community regarding the effects of testosterone on cardiovascular (CV) health. For decades, there has been conflicting evidence regarding the association of endogenous testosterone levels and CV disease (CVD) events that has resulted in much debate and confusion among health care providers and patients alike. Testosterone therapy has become increasingly widespread, and after the emergence of studies that reported increased CVD events in patients receiving testosterone therapy, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released a warning statement about testosterone and its potential risk regarding CV health...
January 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
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