Read by QxMD icon Read

journal of critical care medicine

Gregory A Schmidt, Timothy D Girard, John P Kress, Peter E Morris, Daniel R Ouellette, Waleed Alhazzani, Suzanne M Burns, Scott K Epstein, Andres Esteban, Eddy Fan, Miquel Ferrer, Gilles L Fraser, Michelle Gong, Catherine Hough, Sangeeta Mehta, Rahul Nanchal, Sheena Patel, Amy J Pawlik, Curtis N Sessler, Thomas Strøm, William Schweickert, Kevin C Wilson, Jonathon D Truwit
BACKGROUND: This clinical practice guideline addresses six questions related to liberation from mechanical ventilation in critically ill adults. It is the result of a collaborative effort between the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST). METHODS: A multi-disciplinary panel posed six clinical questions in a Population, Intervention, Comparator and Outcomes (PICO) format. A comprehensive literature search and evidence synthesis was performed for each question, which included appraising the certainty in the evidence (i...
October 20, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Curtis H Weiss, Jerry A Krishnan, David H Au, Bruce G Bender, Shannon S Carson, Adithya Cattamanchi, Michelle M Cloutier, Colin R Cooke, Karen Erickson, Maureen George, Joe K Gerald, Lynn B Gerald, Christopher H Goss, Michael K Gould, Robert Hyzy, Jeremy M Kahn, Brian S Mittman, Erika M Mosesón, Richard A Mularski, Sairam Parthasarathy, Sanjay R Patel, Cynthia S Rand, Nancy S Redeker, Theodore F Reiss, Kristin A Riekert, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Judith A Tate, Kevin C Wilson, Carey C Thomson
BACKGROUND: Many advances in health care fail to reach patients. Implementation science is the study of novel approaches to mitigate this evidence-to-practice gap. METHODS: The American Thoracic Society (ATS) created a multidisciplinary ad hoc committee to develop a research statement on implementation science in pulmonary, critical care, and sleep medicine. The committee used an iterative consensus process to define implementation science and review the use of conceptual frameworks to guide implementation science for the pulmonary, critical care, and sleep community and to explore how professional medical societies such as the ATS can promote implementation science...
October 15, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
A C Kleynhans, A H Oosthuizen, D J van Hoving
BACKGROUND: The integration of online resources and social media into higher education and continued professional development is an increasingly common phenomenon. OBJECTIVE: To describe the usage of various traditional and modern educational resources by members of the divisions of emergency medicine at Stellenbosch University and the University of Cape Town. METHODS: Members affiliated with the divisions during 2014 were invited to participate in an online survey...
August 26, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Alexander A Kon, Eric K Shepard, Nneka O Sederstrom, Sandra M Swoboda, Mary Faith Marshall, Barbara Birriel, Fred Rincon
OBJECTIVES: The Society of Critical Care Medicine and four other major critical care organizations have endorsed a seven-step process to resolve disagreements about potentially inappropriate treatments. The multiorganization statement (entitled: An official ATS/AACN/ACCP/ESICM/SCCM Policy Statement: Responding to Requests for Potentially Inappropriate Treatments in Intensive Care Units) provides examples of potentially inappropriate treatments; however, no clear definition is provided...
September 2016: Critical Care Medicine
J Nguyen, R Amirnovin, R Ramanathan, S Noori
OBJECTIVE: The current state of point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) use and education in neonatal-perinatal medicine (NPM) and pediatric critical care medicine (PCCM) is unknown. Our aim was to quantify POCUS use, training and perceptions regarding education and barriers among the United States NPM and PCCM fellowship programs. STUDY DESIGN: A 14-question survey was emailed to the fellowship directors of all the United States NPM and PCCM fellowship programs. RESULTS: The response rate was 55% (52/95) and 59% (39/66) for NPM and PCCM programs, respectively...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Garabed G Demerjian, Andre Barkhordarian, Francesco Chiappelli
Traditional research in the health sciences has involved control and experimental groups of patients, and descriptive and inferential statistical analyses performed on the measurements obtained from the samples in each group. As the novel model of translational healthcare, which integrates translational research and translational effectiveness, becomes increasingly established in modern contemporary medicine, healthcare continues to evolve into a model of care that is evidence-based, effectiveness-focused and patient-centered...
2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
Giulia M Stella, Elisabetta Balestro, Donato Lacedonia, Simonetta Baraldo
Growing evidence demonstrates that a number of clinical disorders may be related to genetic defects in telomere replication and extension. Overall, these syndromes are referred to as "telomeropathies" or "telomere disorders/syndromes"; they are increasingly being identified. In adulthood, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is the most common symptom of telomeropathy. IPF is a progressive and fatal disease characterized by scarring of the lungs that thickens the interstitium ultimately leading to irreversible respiratory failure...
February 2016: Minerva Medica
Karna K Sundsted, Arya B Mohabbat, Dennis W Regan, Bradley R Salonen, Paul R Daniels, Karen F Mauck
Evidence in perioperative medicine is published in a wide variety of journals, given the multidisciplinary nature of its practice which spans medicine and its subspecialties, as well as surgery and anesthesiology. It can be difficult to identify new and important evidence, as perioperative practice continues to evolve in multiple areas such as medication management, anticoagulation and cardiac risk stratification, among others. New, high-quality evidence is published each year, and must be placed into the context of not only existing literature, but also practical real-world patient care...
August 2016: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
Martin Dres, Jordi Mancebo, Gerard F Curley
This review documents important progress made in 2015 in the field of critical care. Significant advances in 2015 included further evidence for early implementation of low tidal volume ventilation as well as new insights into the role of open lung biopsy, diaphragmatic dysfunction, and a potential mechanism for ventilator-induced fibroproliferation. New therapies, including a novel low-flow extracorporeal CO2 removal technique and mesenchymal stem cell-derived microparticles, have also been studied. Several studies examining the role of improved diagnosis and prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia also showed relevant results...
July 1, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Matthew M Churpek, Blair Wendlandt, Frank J Zadravecz, Richa Adhikari, Christopher Winslow, Dana P Edelson
BACKGROUND: Previous research investigating the impact of delayed intensive care unit (ICU) transfer on outcomes has utilized subjective criteria for defining critical illness. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of delayed ICU transfer using the electronic Cardiac Arrest Risk Triage (eCART) score, a previously published early warning score, as an objective marker of critical illness. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Medical-surgical wards at 5 hospitals between November 2008 and January 2013...
June 28, 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Antti Malmivaara
BACKGROUND: Benchmarking Controlled Trial (BCT) is a concept which covers all observational studies aiming to assess impact of interventions or health care system features to patients and populations. AIMS: To create and pilot test a checklist for appraising methodological validity of a BCT. METHODS: The checklist was created by extracting the most essential elements from the comprehensive set of criteria in the previous paper on BCTs. Also checklists and scientific papers on observational studies and respective systematic reviews were utilized...
May 29, 2016: Annals of Medicine
Amir Tabatabaee, Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi, Maryam Rassouli, Seyed Amir Aledavood, Hamid AlaviMajd, Seyed Kazem Farahmand
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) techniques has been growing. The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine places therapeutic touch (TT) into the category of bio field energy. This literature review is aimed at critically evaluating the data from clinical trials examining the clinical efficacy of therapeutic touch as a supportive care modality in adult patients with cancer. METHODS: Electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, Scholar Google, and Science Direct) were searched from the year 1990 to 2015 to locate potentially relevant peer-reviewed articles using the key words therapeutic touch, touch therapy, neoplasm, cancer, and CAM...
April 2016: Medical Archives
Zhenyu Cao, Chongyang Ou, Hongfei Teng, Xiguang Liu, Hongxin Tang
OBJECTIVE: The quantity and quality of publications in critical care medicine from East Asia haven't been reported. This study aimed to investigate the contribution of publications from East Asia. METHODS: Articles from China, Japan and South Korea in 2005 to 2014 were retrieved from Web of Science and Pubmed. The number of publications, impact factor, citation, and article types were analyzed. RESULTS: There were 3076 publications from East Asia (1720 from China, 913 from Japan, and 443 from South Korea)...
March 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Nicky Hewitt, Tracey Bucknall, Nardene M Faraone
BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients require regular body position changes to minimize the adverse effects of bed rest, inactivity and immobilization. However, uncertainty surrounds the effectiveness of lateral positioning for improving pulmonary gas exchange, aiding drainage of tracheobronchial secretions and preventing morbidity. In addition, it is unclear whether the perceived risk levied by respiratory and haemodynamic instability upon turning critically ill patients outweighs the respiratory benefits of side-to-side rotation...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Peter N Robinson, Christopher J Mungall, Melissa Haendel
Deep phenotyping followed by integrated computational analysis of genotype and phenotype is becoming ever more important for many areas of genomic diagnostics and translational research. The overwhelming majority of clinical descriptions in the medical literature are available only as natural language text, meaning that searching, analysis, and integration of medically relevant information in databases such as PubMed is challenging. The new journal Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies will require authors to select Human Phenotype Ontology terms for research papers that will be displayed alongside the manuscript, thereby providing a foundation for ontology-based indexing and searching of articles that contain descriptions of phenotypic abnormalities-an important step toward improving the ability of researchers and clinicians to get biomedical information that is critical for clinical care or translational research...
October 2015: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
G Randy Smith, Madeleine Ma, Luke O Hansen, Nick Christensen, Kevin J O'Leary
BACKGROUND: Hospital medical groups use various staffing models that may systematically affect care continuity during the admission process. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of 2 hospitalist admission service models ("general" and "admitter-rounder") on patient disposition and length of stay. DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort study with difference-in-difference analysis. SETTING: Large tertiary academic medical center in the United States...
April 19, 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Vineet Chopra, Aruna Priya, Penelope S Pekow, Rachel Thompson, Scott A Flanders, Peter K Lindenauer
BACKGROUND: Although peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are often used in adults hospitalized with pneumonia, patterns related to PICC use in this context are unknown. METHODS: Premier's inpatient database was used to identify patients hospitalized with pneumonia between July 1, 2007 and November 30, 2011. PICC placement was identified via billing codes. Generalized estimating equations were used to identify factors associated with PICC placement. Hospital risk-standardized rates of PICC insertion were estimated using hierarchical generalized linear models...
August 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Dana J Herrigel, Madeline Carroll, Christine Fanning, Michael B Steinberg, Amay Parikh, Michael Usher
BACKGROUND: Interhospital transfer is an understudied area within transitions of care. The process by which hospitals accept and transfer patients is not well described. National trends and best practices are unclear. OBJECTIVE: To describe the demographics of large transfer centers, to identify common handoff practices, and to describe challenges and notable innovations involving the interhospital transfer handoff process. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 32 tertiary care centers in the United States was studied...
June 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Marita P McCabe, Ira D Sharlip, Elham Atalla, Richard Balon, Alessandra D Fisher, Edward Laumann, Sun Won Lee, Ron Lewis, Robert T Segraves
INTRODUCTION: Definitions of sexual dysfunctions in women and men are critical in facilitating research and enabling clinicians to communicate accurately. AIMS: To present the new set of definitions of all forms of sexual dysfunction in women and men adopted by the Fourth International Consultation on Sexual Medicine (ICSM) held in 2015. METHODS: Classification systems, including the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Edition and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, and systems that focus on only specific types of sexual dysfunctions (e...
February 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Ann Blandford, Dominic Furniss, Imogen Lyons, Gill Chumbley, Ioanna Iacovides, Li Wei, Anna Cox, Astrid Mayer, Kumiko Schnock, David Westfall Bates, Patricia C Dykes, Helen Bell, Bryony Dean Franklin
INTRODUCTION: Intravenous medication is essential for many hospital inpatients. However, providing intravenous therapy is complex and errors are common. 'Smart pumps' incorporating dose error reduction software have been widely advocated to reduce error. However, little is known about their effect on patient safety, how they are used or their likely impact. This study will explore the landscape of intravenous medication infusion practices and errors in English hospitals and how smart pumps may relate to the prevalence of medication administration errors...
2016: BMJ Open
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"