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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108911/traditional-chinese-medicine-for-modern-treatment-of-parkinson-s-disease
#1
REVIEW
Lu Han, Yuan-Hong Xie, Rong Wu, Chen Chen, Yan Zhang, Xiao-Ping Wang
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic and progressive degenerative disorder of brain commonly seen among the elderly. As conventionally medical therapy is of limited relief and potential side effects, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has attracted growing public and professional attention. Therapies such as acupuncture, musical/rhythmic therapy and deep brain stimulation have been gradually proved positively in clinic. In this review, we retrospected the scientific or evidence-based-medicine advances of application and research for modern treatment of PD by CAM, especially traditional Chinese medicine in categories...
January 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107845/usage-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-a-survey-among-indian-dental-professionals
#2
M Suganya, M Vikneshan, U Swathy
OBJECTIVE: CAM therapies are used along with standard medical care. Though there are various medical evidences to prove the effectiveness of CAM therapies in managing medical problems, the evidence for the dental application are still lacking in India. This could be attributed to the non-availability or the insufficient knowledge regarding the use of CAM in dentistry. Hence it is necessary to obtain the baseline knowledge regarding the use of CAM therapies among dentists. METHOD: Cross sectional questionnaire based survey...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106984/pore-space-partition-in-metal-organic-frameworks
#3
Quan-Guo Zhai, Xianhui Bu, Xiang Zhao, Dong-Sheng Li, Pingyun Feng
Metal-organic framework (MOF) materials have emerged as one of the favorite crystalline porous materials (CPM) because of their compositional and geometric tunability and many possible applications. In efforts to develop better MOFs for gas storage and separation, a number of strategies including creation of open metal sites and implantation of Lewis base sites have been used to tune host-guest interactions. In addition to these chemical factors, the geometric features such as pore size and shape, surface area, and pore volume also play important roles in sorption energetics and uptake capacity...
January 20, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103860/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-among-patients-with-cancer-in-mongolia-a-national-hospital-survey
#4
Buyadaa Oyunchimeg, Jung Hye Hwang, Mansoor Ahmed, Soojeung Choi, Dongwoon Han
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is popular in former Soviet Central Asian countries including Mongolia. However, no studies are available on CAM use among patients with cancer in countries of this region. The aim of this research is to describe the prevalence and patterns of CAM use by patients with cancer in Mongolia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from 482 cancer patients attending the National Cancer Center in Mongolia from September 2015 to February 2016...
January 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103588/quantifying-kinetics-from-time-series-of-single-molecule-fret-efficiency-histograms
#5
Stephan Benke, Daniel Nettels, Hagen Hofmann, Benjamin Schuler
Single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy is a powerful approach for probing biomolecular structure and dynamics, including protein folding. For the investigation of nonequilibrium kinetics, F��rster resonance energy transfer (FRET) in combination with confocal multiparameter detection has proven particularly versatile, owing to the large number of observables and the broad range of accessible timescales, especially in combination with rapid microfluidic mixing. However, a comprehensive kinetic analysis of the resulting time series of transfer efficiency histograms and complementary observables can be challenging owing to the complexity of the data...
January 19, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103258/revisiting-greek-propolis-chromatographic-analysis-and-antioxidant-activity-study
#6
Konstantinos M Kasiotis, Pelagia Anastasiadou, Antonis Papadopoulos, Kyriaki Machera
Propolis is a bee product that has been extensively used in alternative medicine and recently has gained interest on a global scale as an essential ingredient of healthy foods and cosmetics. Propolis is also considered to improve human health and to prevent diseases such as inflammation, heart disease, diabetes and even cancer. However, the claimed effects are anticipated to be correlated to its chemical composition. Since propolis is a natural product, its composition is consequently expected to be variable depending on the local flora alignment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100990/drug-induced-liver-injury-associated-with-complementary-and-alternative-medicines
#7
Koji Takahashi, Tatsuo Kanda, Shin Yasui, Yuki Haga, Junichiro Kumagai, Reina Sasaki, Shuang Wu, Shingo Nakamoto, Masato Nakamura, Makoto Arai, Osamu Yokosuka
A 24-year-old man was admitted due to acute hepatitis with unknown etiology. After his condition and laboratory data gradually improved with conservative therapy, he was discharged 1 month later. Two months after his discharge, however, liver dysfunction reappeared. After his mother accidentally revealed that he took complementary and alternative medicine, discontinuation of the therapy caused his condition to improve. Finally, he was diagnosed with a recurrent drug-induced liver injury associated with Japanese complementary and alternative medicine...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100267/a-bibliometric-analysis-of-two-decades-of-aromatherapy-research
#8
Malcolm Koo
BACKGROUND: Quantitative data are lacking on the profile of published research in aromatherapy. The objective of the study was to investigate the profile of original and review articles under the topic aromatherapy using bibliometric analysis. METHODS: Articles on aromatherapy, published between 1995 and 2014, were retrieved from the Science Citation Index-Expanded database from the Web of Science. The records extracted were analyzed for citation characteristics, including the distribution of publication years, languages, countries or regions, journals, articles, and authors using HistCite 12...
January 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097532/medication-overuse-in-chronic-pain
#9
REVIEW
Eric S Hsu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic pain is usually managed by various pharmacotherapies after exhausting the conservative modalities such as over-the-counter choices. The goal of this review is to investigate current state of opioids and non-opioid medication overuse that includes NSAIDs, skeletal muscle relaxants, antidepressants, membrane stabilization agents, and benzodiazepine. How to minimize medication overuse and achieve better outcome in chronic pain management? RECENT FINDINGS: Although antidepressants and membrane stabilization agents contribute to the crucial components for neuromodulation, opioids were frequently designated as a rescue remedy in chronic pain since adjunct analgesics usually do not provide instantaneous relief...
January 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097075/effects-of-an-8-week-yoga-program-on-sustained-attention-and-discrimination-function-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
Chien-Chih Chou, Chung-Ju Huang
This study investigated whether a yoga exercise intervention influenced the sustained attention and discrimination function in children with ADHD. Forty-nine participants (mean age = 10.50 years) were assigned to either a yoga exercise or a control group. Participants were given the Visual Pursuit Test and Determination Test prior to and after an eight-week exercise intervention (twice per week, 40 min per session) or a control intervention. Significant improvements in accuracy rate and reaction time of the two tests were observed over time in the exercise group compared with the control group...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097039/the-concept-of-wind-in-traditional-chinese-medicine
#11
REVIEW
Mehrab Dashtdar, Mohammad Reza Dashtdar, Babak Dashtdar, Karima Kardi, Mohammad Khabaz Shirazi
The use of folk medicine has been widely embraced in many developed countries under the name of traditional, complementary and alternative medicine (TCAM) and is now becoming the mainstream in the UK and the rest of Europe, as well as in North America and Australia. Diversity, easy accessibility, broad continuity, relatively low cost, base levels of technological inputs, fewer side effects, and growing economic importance are some of the positive features of folk medicine. In this framework, a critical need exists to introduce the practice of folk medicine into public healthcare if the goal of reformed access to healthcare facilities is to be achieved...
December 2016: Journal of Pharmacopuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095073/preclinical-and-potential-applications-of-common-western-herbal-supplements-as-complementary-treatment-in-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Luke A Morgan, Oliver Grundmann
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurological disorder with a complex pathological etiology, which is not fully understood. Progression of PD may be the result of a buildup of iron in the substantia nigra, microglia-mediated neuroinflammation, dysfunctional mitochondria, or abnormal protein handling. Dopamine is the main neurotransmitter affected, but as the disease progresses, a decrease in all the brain's biogenic amines occurs. Current medication used in the treatment of PD aims to prevent the breakdown of dopamine or increase dopaminergic neurotransmission in the central nervous system...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088871/herbal-medicine-practices-of-patients-with-liver-cancer-in-peru
#13
Teresa Rojas Rojas, Geneviève Bourdy, Eloy Ruiz, Juan-Pablo Cerapio, Pascal Pineau, Jacques Gardon, Franco Doimi, Xavier Deparis, Eric Deharo, Stéphane Bertani
RATIONALE: The highest burden of liver cancer occurs in developing countries, where the use of herbal medicine (HM) is still widespread. Despite this trend, few studies have been conducted to report HM practices of patients with a hepatic tumor in the developing world. Hence, this study aimed to document the use of HM among patients with liver cancer in Peru. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A comparative behavioral epidemiological survey was conducted among liver cancer patients attending the National Cancer Institute of Peru...
December 1, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088780/national-survey-of-china-s-oncologists-knowledge-attitudes-and-clinical-practice-patterns-on-complementary-and-alternative-medicine
#14
Geliang Yang, Richard Lee, Huiqing Zhang, Wei Gu, Peiying Yang, Changquan Ling
It is common for cancer patients to use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). This study was designed to explore China's oncologists' knowledge, attitudes and clinical practices regarding CAM use by their patients. An online survey was conducted of China's oncologists. Among 11,270 participants who completed the online survey, 6,007 (53.3%) were identified as oncologists. Most were men (75.2%), with a mean age of 33.4 (standard deviation: 6.5) years. The 6,007 oncologists discussed with 36.5% of their patients about CAM...
January 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088645/towards-solving-the-hard-problem-of-consciousness-the-varieties-of-brain-resonances-and-the-conscious-experiences-that-they-support
#15
Stephen Grossberg
The hard problem of consciousness is the problem of explaining how we experience qualia or phenomenal experiences, such as seeing, hearing, and feeling, and knowing what they are. To solve this problem, a theory of consciousness needs to link brain to mind by modeling how emergent properties of several brain mechanisms interacting together embody detailed properties of individual conscious psychological experiences. This article summarizes evidence that Adaptive Resonance Theory, or ART, accomplishes this goal...
December 6, 2016: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088493/apoptosis-induced-by-the-methanol-extract-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-bunge-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-through-pten-mediated-inhibition-of-pi3k-akt-pathway
#16
Yin-Tao Ye, Wei Zhong, Pei Sun, Dong Wang, Chen Wang, Li-Min Hu, Jun-Qiang Qian
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, a well-known traditional Chinese medicinal (TCM) plant, has been used to treat cardiovascular diseases since thousands of years. Many studies have reported that the active component tanshinones displayed a variety of biological activities: antithrombous, antiplatelet aggregation, antioxidant and antitumor promoting. But the mechanism of how the active components working still need to be clarified. The anti-tumor effect of compounds of tanshinone (CTN), the methanol extract of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge roots, was investigated...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087710/targeting-argonaute-to-chromatin
#17
Jered M Wendte, Craig S Pikaard
In many eukaryotes, siRNAs bound to Argonaute proteins guide chromatin-modifying enzymes to complementary loci, resulting in transcriptional gene silencing. Multiple lines of evidence indicate that siRNAs base-pair with longer RNAs produced at target loci, but the possibility that siRNAs base-pair directly with DNA remains an attractive hypothesis. In a recent study, Shimada et al. (pp. 2571-2580) conducted experiments that address these alternative hypotheses, yielding additional evidence that fission yeast siRNA-Argonaute silencing complexes are recruited to target loci exclusively via interactions with nascent transcripts...
December 15, 2016: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086934/electroacupuncture-plus-moxibustion-therapy-for-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Mikyung Kim, Eun-Ji Choi, Sung-Phil Kim, Jung-Eun Kim, Hyo-Ju Park, Ae-Ran Kim, Bok-Nam Seo, O-Jin Kwon, Jung Hyo Cho, Sun-Yong Chung, Joo-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is one of the most prevalent mental health disorders and has a significant societal economic burden. Antidepressants and cognitive behavioral therapy are two primary interventions for the standardized treatment of MDD. However, their weaknesses, such as a low response rate, a high risk of adverse events from medication, and the high cost of cognitive behavioral therapy, have resulted in a need for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078850/acupuncture-in-endocrine-disorders-a-critical-appraisal
#19
Y Z Deng, L B Li, L G Xu, D Zhou, L J Wei, Y Liu
Acupuncture is an integral part of ancient Chinese medical practice. The technique has been used extensively in pain relief and is being tried for many other chronic conditions. Industrial development and affluence lead to the increase in the prevalence of many endocrine disorders such as diabetes, obesity, and polycystic ovarian disease. The rising prevalence of the endocrine morbidity is observed in both the developing and developed nations. The management of these disorders involves major lifestyle modification coupled with a long-term drug intake...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078810/anti-hcv-activity-from-semi-purified-methanolic-root-extracts-of-valeriana-wallichii
#20
Krishna Kumar Ganta, Anirban Mandal, Sukalyani Debnath, Banasri Hazra, Binay Chaubey
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a serious global health problem affecting approximately 130-150 million individuals. Presently available direct-acting anti-HCV drugs have higher barriers to resistance and also improved success rate; however, cost concerns limit their utilization, especially in developing countries like India. Therefore, development of additional agents to combat HCV infection is needed. In the present study, we have evaluated anti-HCV potential of water, chloroform, and methanol extracts from roots of Valeriana wallichii, a traditional Indian medicinal plant...
January 12, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
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