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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731887/risk-of-anaphylaxis-in-complementary-and-alternative-medicine
#1
Natasha C Gunawardana
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is widespread across the world. Patients with asthma and allergy regularly use CAM therapies. Allergic and anaphylactic reactions to CAM have been reported. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent attempts to regulate and monitor adverse reaction to these therapies have given us further insight into potential causes of severe allergic reactions. Several culprits identified including Andrographis paniculata, Echinacea species, bee products, Ginkgo biloba and Ginseng are discussed here...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731829/pattern-and-process-in-the-comparative-study-of-convergent-evolution
#2
D Luke Mahler, Marjorie G Weber, Catherine E Wagner, Travis Ingram
Understanding processes that have shaped broad-scale biodiversity patterns is a fundamental goal in evolutionary biology. The development of phylogenetic comparative methods has yielded a tool kit for analyzing contemporary patterns by explicitly modeling processes of change in the past, providing neontologists tools for asking questions previously accessible only for select taxa via the fossil record or laboratory experimentation. The comparative approach, however, differs operationally from alternative approaches to studying convergence in that, for studies of only extant species, convergence must be inferred using evolutionary process models rather than being directly measured...
August 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731782/identifiability-of-components-of-complex-interventions-using-factorial-designs
#3
Andreas Gleiss
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this contribution is to demonstrate how the component structure of a complex intervention (CI) can be efficiently exploited for study design and statistical analysis by using concepts of factorial designs. Many studies on CIs in complementary and alternative medicine exhibit the structure of factorial designs, where all possible combinations of the levels of two or more treatments occur together. In this contribution, the treatment arms of CI studies are explicitly viewed as factorial combinations of their components...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728921/web-based-questionnaires-to-assess-perinatal-outcome-proved-to-be-valid
#4
Marleen M H J van Gelder, Saskia Vorstenbosch, Lineke Derks, Bernke Te Winkel, Eugène P van Puijenbroek, Nel Roeleveld
OBJECTIVE: To validate a Web-based questionnaire completed by the mother to assess perinatal outcome used in a prospective cohort study. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: For 882 women with an estimated date of delivery between February 2012 and February 2015 who participated in the PRegnancy and Infant DEvelopment (PRIDE) Study, we compared data on pregnancy outcome, including mode of delivery, plurality, gestational age, birth weight and length, head circumference, birth defects, and infant sex from Web-based questionnaires administered to the mothers 2 months after delivery with data from obstetric records...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727962/a-website-system-for-communicating-psychological-science
#5
Ed Diener
The peer review and journal system have shortcomings, and both computers and the Internet have made complementary or alternative systems attractive. In this article, I recommend that we implement a new platform for open communication of psychological science on a dedicated website to complement the current review and journal system, with reader reviews of the articles and with all behavioral scientists being eligible to publish and review articles. The judged merit of articles would be based on the citations and the ratings of the work by the whole scientific community...
July 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725633/exploiting-leech-saliva-to-treat-osteoarthritis-a-provocative-perspective
#6
Edwin L Cooper, Natalie Mologne
Plant and animal-derived products are crucial components in complementary and alternative medicine. Although modern medicine has provided numerous innovations and advancements, these often fail to reveal new and dependable, inexpensive treatments nor real cures that are relatively free of adverse side effects. We present evidence that hirudotherapy, which utilizes leeches, improves certain diseases, including osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis, a disease in joints, could benefit from use of medicinal peptides found in leech saliva, components of its immune system...
July 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725620/attenuation-of-diabetic-nephropathy-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats-by-punica-granatum-linn-leaves-extract
#7
Snehal Nitin Mestry, Jayesh Bachu Dhodi, Sangita Balbhim Kumbhar, Archana Ramesh Juvekar
With an objective to develop Complementary and Alternative Medicine for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy, the present study investigated the protective effects of methanolic extract of Punica granatum leaves (MPGL) in streptozotocin-induced diabetic nephropathy. Diabetic nephropathy has become a leading cause of end stage renal failure worldwide. P. granatum, due to its anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities may retard the progression of diabetic nephropathy. In this study, diabetes was induced by a single injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 45 mg/kg, i...
July 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724709/-caution-this-treatment-is-a-placebo-it-might-work-but-it-might-not-why-emerging-mechanistic-evidence-for-placebo-effects-does-not-legitimise-complementary-and-alternative-medicines-in-sport
#8
EDITORIAL
Chris Beedie, Greg Whyte, Andrew M Lane, Emma Cohen, John Raglin, Phil Hurst, Damian Coleman, Abby Foad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723722/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-and-symptom-burden-in-women-undergoing-chemotherapy-for-breast-cancer-in-malaysia
#9
Ping Lei Chui, Khatijah Lim Abdullah, Li Ping Wong, Nur Aishah Taib
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is commonly used for cancer- and chemotherapy-related symptoms. Nurses are likely to encounter many CAM users in their practice. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to assess CAM use and examine the symptom burden of CAM and non-CAM users among patients with breast cancer who are undergoing chemotherapy. METHODS: A CAM use questionnaire and the Side-Effect Burden Scale were administered to 546 patients...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723601/a-review-of-medicinal-plants-for-the-treatment-of-earache-and-tinnitus-in-iran
#10
REVIEW
Mohammad Reza Mahmoudian-Sani, Morteza Hashemzadeh-Chaleshtori, Majid Asadi-Samani, Tahra Luther
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite numerous trials, there has not yet been any definite strategy to reduce replicable long-term tinnitus and earache. Complementary and alternative medical approaches have been used to decrease the symptoms of tinnitus and earache. This study was conducted to report medicinal plants that are used to treat ear disorders, especially earache and tinnitus in different regions of Iran. EVIDENCE ACQUISITIONS: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), Google Scholar, PubMed, LISTA (EBSCO), Embase, and Web of Science were searched using relevant search terms to retrieve eligible publications...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722406/possible-molecular-mechanisms-by-which-an-essential-oil-blend-from-star-anise-rosemary-thyme-and-oregano-and-saponins-increase-the-performance-and-ileal-protein-digestibility-of-growing-broilers
#11
Henry Reyer, Jürgen Zentek, Klaus Männer, Ibrahim M I Youssef, Tobias Aumüller, Julian Weghuber, Klaus Wimmers, Andreas Müller
Phytogenic feed additives represent a potential alternative to antibiotics with attributed health and growth promoting effects. Chickens supplemented with an essential oil blend, a Quillaja saponin blend or a combination of both phytogenic preparations showed a comprehensively and significantly improved apparent ileal digestibility of crude protein and amino acids compared to control birds. Accordingly, holistic transcriptomic analyses of jejunum and liver samples indicated alterations of macromolecule transporters and processing pathways likely culminating in an increased uptake and metabolizing of carbohydrates and fatty acids...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722267/simultaneous-bright-and-black-blood-whole-heart-mri-for-noncontrast-enhanced-coronary-lumen-and-thrombus-visualization
#12
Giulia Ginami, Radhouene Neji, Alkystis Phinikaridou, John Whitaker, René M Botnar, Claudia Prieto
PURPOSE: To develop a 3D whole-heart Bright-blood and black-blOOd phase SensiTive (BOOST) inversion recovery sequence for simultaneous noncontrast enhanced coronary lumen and thrombus/hemorrhage visualization. METHODS: The proposed sequence alternates the acquisition of two bright-blood datasets preceded by different preparatory pulses to obtain variations in blood/myocardium contrast, which then are combined in a phase-sensitive inversion recovery (PSIR)-like reconstruction to obtain a third, coregistered, black-blood dataset...
July 19, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721645/is-cancer-information-exchanged-on-social-media-scientifically-accurate
#13
Elizabeth A Gage-Bouchard, Susan LaValley, Molli Warunek, Lynda Kwon Beaupin, Michelle Mollica
Cancer patients and their caregivers are increasingly using social media as a platform to share cancer experiences, connect with support, and exchange cancer-related information. Yet, little is known about the nature and scientific accuracy of cancer-related information exchanged on social media. We conducted a content analysis of 12 months of data from 18 publically available Facebook Pages hosted by parents of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (N = 15,852 posts) and extracted all exchanges of medically-oriented cancer information...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721022/physicians-attitude-belief-and-practice-of-complementary-alternative-medication-use
#14
COMMENT
Maria Shoaib, Muhammad Farhan Khaliq
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719737/a-novel-framework-for-analyzing-conservation-impacts-evaluation-theory-and-marine-protected-areas
#15
REVIEW
Michael B Mascia, Helen E Fox, Louise Glew, Gabby N Ahmadia, Arun Agrawal, Megan Barnes, Xavier Basurto, Ian Craigie, Emily Darling, Jonas Geldmann, David Gill, Susie Holst Rice, Olaf P Jensen, Sarah E Lester, Patrick McConney, Peter J Mumby, Mateja Nenadovic, John E Parks, Robert S Pomeroy, Alan T White
Environmental conservation initiatives, including marine protected areas (MPAs), have proliferated in recent decades. Designed to conserve marine biodiversity, many MPAs also seek to foster sustainable development. As is the case for many other environmental policies and programs, the impacts of MPAs are poorly understood. Social-ecological systems, impact evaluation, and common-pool resource governance are three complementary scientific frameworks for documenting and explaining the ecological and social impacts of conservation interventions...
July 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719136/comparing-alternative-and-traditional-dissemination-metrics-in-medical-education
#16
Aysah Amath, Kristin Ambacher, John J Leddy, Timothy J Wood, Christopher J Ramnanan
CONTEXT: The impact of academic scholarship has traditionally been measured using citation-based metrics. However, citations may not be the only measure of impact. In recent years, other platforms (e.g. Twitter) have provided new tools for promoting scholarship to both academic and non-academic audiences. Alternative metrics (altmetrics) can capture non-traditional dissemination data such as attention generated on social media platforms. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this exploratory study were to characterise the relationships among altmetrics, access counts and citations in an international and pre-eminent medical education journal, and to clarify the roles of these metrics in assessing the impact of medical education academic scholarship...
July 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719102/plant-viral-and-bacteriophage-delivery-of-nucleic-acid-therapeutics
#17
REVIEW
Patricia Lam, Nicole F Steinmetz
Nucleic acid therapeutics have emerged as a powerful method for treatment of many diseases. However, the challenge lies in safe and efficient delivery of nucleic acids to their target site, as they need to cross various extracellular and intracellular barriers. Mammalian viruses have initially been favored for delivery of nucleic acid therapeutics, but safety concerns regarding their immunogenicity and potential of integration have fueled the search for alternative delivery strategies. For example, chemistry and bioengineering have led to advances in the use of nonviral vectors composed of lipids and other polymers; nevertheless, the synthetic systems often do not match the efficiency achieved using the biological systems...
July 18, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718252/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-among-asthmatic-patients
#18
Fawad Ahmed, Ayaz Ayub, Hamid Hussain
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in some developed countries is on the rise as surveys conducted on large scale vouch for. This study was conducted with the aim to determine the frequency of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among asthmatic patients at outpatient department of tertiary care hospitals in Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in outpatient department of two tertiary care hospitals...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717961/determining-the-optimal-forensic-dna-analysis-procedure-following-investigation-of-sample-quality
#19
Ronny Hedell, Johannes Hedman, Petter Mostad
Crime scene traces of various types are routinely sent to forensic laboratories for analysis, generally with the aim of addressing questions about the source of the trace. The laboratory may choose to analyse the samples in different ways depending on the type and quality of the sample, the importance of the case and the cost and performance of the available analysis methods. Theoretically well-founded guidelines for the choice of analysis method are, however, lacking in most situations. In this paper, it is shown how such guidelines can be created using Bayesian decision theory...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717618/plantar-fasciitis-in-athletes-diagnostic-and-treatment-strategies-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Federica Petraglia, Ileana Ramazzina, Cosimo Costantino
BACKGROUND: Plantar fasciitis (PF) is reported in different sports mainly in running and soccer athletes. Purpose of this study is to conduct a systematic review of published literature concerning the diagnosis and treatment of PF in both recreational and élite athletes. The review was conducted and reported in accordance with the PRISMA statement. METHODS: The following electronic databases were searched: PubMed, Cochrane Library and Scopus. As far as PF diagnosis, we investigated the electronic databases from January 2006 to June 2016, whereas in considering treatments all data in literature were investigated...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
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