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Attitude organ donation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924465/brain-dead-donation-rate-in-month-of-ramadan-and-the-other-months-2005-2014
#1
M Aghighi, M Mahdavi-Mazdeh, M Saberi Isfeedvajani, S A Tavakoli, N Tirgar, A Heidary Rouchi
Regardless of the level of development, religion and beliefs have crucial impact on people's attitude towards organ donation. Although organ donation in Islam is obviously appraised, mainly due to lack of an appropriate infrastructure, post-mortem donation rate in Islamic countries is not comparable to successful settings. We conducted this study to assess the extent of contribution of factors that reduce the level of effectiveness, and also to determine the impact of altruistic feelings in the month of Ramadan on family refusal as the leading modifiable contributor to organ donation rate...
2017: International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923610/attitudes-of-the-third-year-nursing-students-toward-organ-donation-%C3%A2-cross-sectional-study
#2
B Akpınar Söylemez, Y S Ordin
BACKGROUND: Health professionals can affect attitudes toward organ donation in society; therefore, priority should be given to exploration of attitudes of nursing students as important prospective members of the health profession. The goal of this study was to assess nursing students' attitudes and volunteerism toward organ donation. METHODS: This descriptive study was performed on 240 third-year nursing students in Turkey between February 2016 and April 2016. Purposive sampling and a cross-sectional survey were used...
October 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923609/knowledge-attitudes-and-behavior-of-nigerian-students-toward-organ-donation
#3
M Ibrahim, G Randhawa
BACKGROUND: The Nigerian transplantation program is evolving but is currently over-reliant on living donors. If deceased donation is to be viable in Nigeria, it is important to ascertain the views of the public. The objective of the study was to explore the knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of Nigerian international students toward organ donation. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among Nigerian international students of the University of Bedfordshire through the use of a modified self-administered questionnaire...
October 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894530/knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-brain-death-and-organ-donation-in-bojnurd
#4
Sima Sadat Hejazi, Shima Nikbakht, Leila Jouybari, Mehdi Hares Abadi, Davood Davoodi, Tooba Hoseini Azizi, Sepideh Yahyaei
BACKGROUND: Organ donation in Iran is common. Bojnurd (North Khorasan, Iran) is a multi-ethnic city, and people with different religions and cultures live together and that could be associated with their behavior and attitude towards health-related issues. So far, no study has taken place on brain death and organ donation in the province of North Khorasan. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge and attitudes of citizens of Bojnurd toward brain death and organ donation...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894429/circumventing-the-ick-factor-a-randomized-trial-of-the-effects-of-omitting-affective-attitudes-questions-to-increase-intention-to-become-an-organ-donor
#5
Sally Doherty, Elizabeth Dolan, Jennifer Flynn, Ronan E O'Carroll, Frank Doyle
Objectives: Including or excluding certain questions about organ donation may influence peoples' intention to donate. We investigated the effect of omitting certain affective attitudinal items on potential donors' intention and behavior for donation. Design: A cross-sectional survey with a subgroup nested randomized trial. Methods: A total of 578 members of the public in four shopping centers were surveyed on their attitudes to organ donation. Non-donors (n = 349) were randomly assigned to one of three groups: Group 1 completed items on affective and cognitive attitudes, anticipated regret, intention, subjective norm and perceived behavioral control...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857843/altruistic-nondirected-kidney-donation-attitudes-characteristics-and-ethical-implications
#6
Maja Ehlers, Frank Vitinius, Michael Langenbach
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Altruistic nondirected kidney donation involves a person donating one of their kidneys to an unknown recipient. The donor's mental health and motives are frequently questioned. We want to highlight this topic and also encourage discussions about ethical implications. RECENT FINDINGS: The main topics are the mental health of altruistic nondirected kidney donors and the general attitude towards the practice of this form of donation as well as the willingness of the public to donate this way...
August 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834180/attitudes-and-barriers-to-the-use-of-dcd-livers-comparison-of-a-u-s-transplant-center-survey-to-the-united-network-for-organ-sharing-data
#7
Linda Sher, Cristiano Quintini, Sameh Adel Fayek, Peter Abt, Mary Lo, Pui Yan, Lingyun Ji, Susan Groshen, Jamie Case, Christopher Lee Marsh
Transplantation of liver grafts from donation after circulatory death (DCD) is limited. To identify barriers of DCD livers utilization, all active United States (U.S.) liver transplant centers (n=138) were surveyed and responses compared to the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) data. Seventy-four centers (54%) responded, and diversity in attitudes was observed, with many not using organ and/or recipient prognostic variables defined in prior studies and UNOS data analysis. Most centers (74%) believed lack of a system allowing a timely re-transplant is a barrier to utilization...
August 17, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735985/attitude-and-impact-factors-toward-organ-transplantation-and-donation-among-transplantation-nurses-in-china
#8
J-F Xie, C-Y Wang, G-P He, Y-Z Ming, Q-Q Wan, J Liu, L-N Gong, L-F Liu
BACKGROUND: Health workers' awareness and knowledge of transplantation medicine can improve people's sensitivity and reduce their degree of opposition to donations. The medical literature contains numerous examples of attitudes toward organ transplantation and donation aimed at university students or medical staff members, but rarely for transplantation nurses. OBJECTIVE: The purposes of the study were to investigate the attitudes toward organ transplantation and donation among transplantation nurses and to explore the impact factors...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735983/factors-influencing-the-willingness-of-allied-health-students-to-donate-organs-or-tissues
#9
S H Elsafi, M M Al-Adwani, K M Al-Jubran, M M Abu Hassan, E M Al Zahrani
BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in the number of patients waiting for organ transplantation. METHODS: A questionnaire on knowledge and attitude toward organ donation was completed by 434 allied health students. RESULTS: Overall knowledge about the various aspects of organ donation was adequate and was higher among women and clinical students. Although the majority were willing to be living donors for their families, very few students supported deceased organ donation, and even fewer of them had thought about an organ donation card...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701112/an-exploratory-study-on-university-students-perceptions-of-posthumous-organ-donation-base-on-the-theory-of-reasoned-action
#10
Shui Hung Wong, Amy Yin Man Chow
In view of the general support for organ donation but low registration rate in Hong Kong, the present research attempted to understand the attitude-behavior inconsistency by identifying the underlying beliefs for organ donation through employing the theory of reasoned action. A qualitative approach using semi-structured focus groups was adopted and 19 students from three universities in Hong Kong participated; 10 constructs were identified: attitude, subjective norm, helping, continuation, contribution, body intact, distrust to the medical system, indifference to organ donation, negative affect, and family burden...
August 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674721/attitude-of-the-saudi-community-towards-heart-donation-transplantation-and-artificial-hearts
#11
Waleed AlHabeeb, Fakhr AlAyoubi, Adel Tash, Leenah AlAhmari, Khalid F AlHabib
To understand the attitudes of the Saudi population towards heart donation and transplantation. Methods: A survey using a questionnaire addressing attitudes towards organ transplantation and donation was conducted across 18 cities in Saudi Arabia between September 2015 and March 2016.  Results: A total of 1250 respondents participated in the survey. Of these, approximately 91% agree with the concept of organ transplantation but approximately 17% do not agree with the concept of heart transplantation; 42...
July 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665141/a-multicentre-and-stratified-study-of-the-attitude-of-medical-students-towards-organ-donation-in-spain
#12
A Ríos, A López-Navas, A López-López, F J Gómez, J Iriarte, R Herruzo, G Blanco, F J Llorca, A Asunsolo, P Sánchez, P R Gutiérrez, A Fernández, M T de Jesús, L Martínez Alarcón, A Lana, L Fuentes, J R Hernández, J Virseda, J Yelamos, J A Bondía, A M Hernández, M A Ayala, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
INTRODUCTION: Medical students represent a new generation of medical thought, and if they have a favourable attitude towards organ donation this will greatly encourage its promotion. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the attitude of medical students in Spanish universities towards the donation of their own organs and to determine the factors affecting this attitude. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Type of study: A sociological, interdisciplinary, multicentre, and observational study in Spain...
June 30, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631279/nurses-attitudes-and-knowledge-regarding-organ-and-tissue-donation-and-transplantation-in-a-provincial-hospital-a-descriptive-and-multivariate-analysis
#13
Maria Del Mar Lomero, María F Jiménez-Herrera, Maria José Rasero, Alberto Sandiumenge
The attitudes and knowledge of nursing personnel regarding organ and tissue donation can influence the decision to donate. This study aimed to determine these two factors among nurses at a district hospital in Barcelona, Spain. A survey was carried out using a 35 item questionnaire. Results were subjected to descriptive and comparative statistical analyses using bivariate and multivariate analyses to examine the relation between demographic data and attitudes toward donation. The completion rate was 68.2%, with 98...
September 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628073/evaluating-the-need-for-organ-donation-and-transplant-related-education-in-nursing-curricula
#14
Annette Cerrato, Emerson Ea, Peter Flom
Transplant education has been historically unstructured and inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to measure nursing students' knowledge and attitudes toward organ donation, allocation, and preparation for practice using a modified version of the Organ Donation Attitude Questionnaire II-Student Version. Scores were low, particularly regarding brain death and organ allocation. Preparedness for practice was related to knowledge of brain death (z = 2.05, p = .04); knowledge (t = 2.24, p = .03) and attitude (t = 7...
July 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617158/transcendental-spirituality-and-acquaintance-with-the-activities-of-the-domestic-national-transplant-center-as-factors-shaping-attitudes-toward-organ-donation
#15
Semyon Melnikov, Tamar Ashkenazi, Muhammad Amara, Anat Peles Bortz
CONTEXT: Organ donation has been shown to be perceived as inappropriate by religiously observant individuals. The impact of spirituality level on attitudes toward organ donation has not been broadly explored. OBJECTIVE: To explore the contribution of ethnicity, spirituality, level of religious observance, and acquaintance with the activities of the Israel National Transplant Center (INTC) to forming attitudes toward organ donation among Jews and Muslim Arabs in Israel...
June 2017: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617156/the-effect-of-transplant-education-on-nurses-attitudes-toward-organ-donation-and-advocacy-for-transplantation
#16
Haley Hoy, Susan Alexander, Karen H Frith, Yeow Chye Ng
Nurses are the largest group of health-care professionals, yet they are not uniformly educated regarding transplantation and organ donation. The future of transplantation hinges on education of this group. Before meaningful studies can be conducted, an instrument to measure attitudes and commitment to organ transplantation is needed. The purpose of this study was to examine content and construct validity as well as establish internal reliability of an investigator-developed online instrument to measure nurses' attitudes and commitment to organ transplantation by registered nurses...
June 2017: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608574/the-attitude-of-latin-american-immigrants-in-florida-usa-towards-deceased-organ-donation
#17
Antonio Ríos, Ana Isabel López-Navas, José Antonio García, Gregorio Garrido, Marco Antonio Ayala-García, María José Sebastián, Antonio Miguel Hernandez, Pablo Ramírez, Pascual Parrilla
INTRODUCTION: The Latin American (LA) population resident in the USA is a growing subgroup of the population. OBJECTIVE: To find out the structure of attitude towards organ donation in the LA population resident in Florida (USA). METHODS: A sample was taken of LA residents in Florida, randomised and stratified by nationality, age and sex (n=1524). Attitude was assessed using a validated questionnaire (PCID-DTO Rios), that was self-completed anonymously...
June 13, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575538/willingness-toward-organ-and-body-donation-among-anatomy-professors-and-students-in-mexico
#18
Alejandro Quiroga-Garza, Cynthia Guadalupe Reyes-Hernández, Pablo Patricio Zarate-Garza, Claudia Nallely Esparza-Hernández, Jorge Gutierrez-de la O, David de la Fuente-Villarreal, Rodrigo Enrique Elizondo-Omaña, Santos Guzman-Lopez
Most anatomists agree that cadaver dissection serves as a superior teaching tool in human anatomy education. However, attitudes toward body donation vary widely between different individuals. A questionnaire was developed to determine the attitudes toward body and organ donation among those who learn the most from cadavers: medical students, medical student teaching assistants, medical students involved in research, and anatomy professors. A cross-sectional, prospective study was designed in which the questionnaire was distributed among first-year human anatomy students before undertaking cadaver dissection at the beginning of the semester, and then again after a commemoration service at the end of the course...
June 2, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548609/a-pilot-study-to-validate-measures-of-the-theory-of-reasoned-action-for-organ-donation-behavior
#19
Shui Hung Wong, Amy Yin Man Chow
The present study aimed at taking the first attempt in validating the measures generated based on the theory of reasoned action (TRA). A total of 211 university students participated in the study, 95 were included in the exploratory factor analysis and 116 were included in the confirmatory factor analysis. The TRA measurements were established with adequate psychometric properties, internal consistency, and construct validity. Findings also suggested that attitude toward organ donation has both a cognitive and affective nature, while the subjective norm of the family seems to be important to students' views on organ donation...
May 26, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540899/gender-differences-in-perceptions-and-attitudes-of-general-population-towards-organ-donation-an-indian-perspective
#20
Vijayalakshmi Poreddi, T S Sunitha, Rohini Thimmaiah, Suresh Bada Math
Globally, shortage of organs available for organ transplantation is a major problem. Studies assessing awareness and attitudes towards organ donation are limited from India. The aim of this study is to assess gender differences in the perceptions and attitude of general population toward organ donation. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among randomly selected patient relatives (n = 193) at the outpatient department of a tertiary care center. Data were collected through face-to-face interview using a structured questionnaire...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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