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Attitude organ donation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516464/the-blood-donation-ambivalence-survey-measuring-conflicting-attitudes-about-giving-blood
#1
K R Fox, L K Himawan, C R France
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to develop and conduct initial validation testing for a novel measure of ambivalence about donating blood. BACKGROUND: Previous studies of living organ, bone marrow and stem cell donors have identified donation-related ambivalence as a predictor of decisions about donation and post-donation outcomes. Ambivalence about blood donation has not received the same attention. METHODS: In Study 1, a sample of young adults (N = 396) were administered test items of ambivalence, and exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were performed to identify the Blood Donation Ambivalence Survey...
May 18, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503345/awareness-and-attitudes-toward-organ-donation-in-rural-puducherry-india
#2
K L Balajee, N Ramachandran, L Subitha
BACKGROUND: For many of the end-stage organ diseases, organ transplantation is the most preferred treatment. The need for the organ transplantation is higher than the availability. For the transplantation program to be successful, awareness regarding organ donation is needed and people must have a positive attitude toward donating organs. AIM: This study aims to assess the awareness and attitudes regarding organ donation among the rural population and to evaluate the sociodemographic factors associated with their awareness...
September 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457360/analysis-of-the-organ-offers-received-from-european-union-countries-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-a-dedicated-information-technology-portal-the-coorenor-foedus-portal
#3
D Peritore, L Rizzato, P Di Ciaccio, S Trapani, C Carella, A Oliveti, A Rizzo, A Nanni Costa
INTRODUCTION: To optimize the use of nontransplantable organs in their own territory, the European Commission, as part of a project led by Italy, has promoted the use of an information technology (IT) portal, the COORENOR portal, developed by the Czech Republic in 2012, which evolved to become FOEDUS in 2015. METHODS: To evaluate the impact of the portal on our reality, we analyzed the number and type of offers received and organs imported in the previous 48 months (period A) as well as the 48 months after the introduction of the portal (period B)...
May 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437367/-effective-requesting-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature-on-asking-families-to-consent-to-organ-and-tissue-donation
#4
Jennifer A Chandler, Matthew Connors, Giles Holland, Sam D Shemie
BACKGROUND: Families are often asked to consent to the donation of their deceased relative's organs or tissues. These end-of-life conversations are important because they affect consent rates as well as the psychological impact of the decision for families. This scoping review of the literature on requesting family consent was prepared to support of the development of leading practice recommendations for end-of-life conversations with families of potential donors. A scoping review maps research activity in a field across a range of commentary and empirical study designs but does not attempt meta-synthesis of empirical data or quality assessment...
May 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420910/awareness-and-attitudes-towards-organ-donation-among-medical-students-at-king-abdulaziz-university-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#5
Zaid Sayedalamin, Muhammad Imran, Osama Almutairi, Mohammed Lamfon, Majd Alnawwar, Mukhtiar Baig
OBJECTIVE: To assess awareness and attitude of medical students about organ donation. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, and comprised medical students. The participants were asked about their religious and other beliefs towards organ donation, their reasons for not donating organs, and their personal opinions about organ donation through a questionnaire. SPSS 21 was used for data analysis...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390109/vascularized-composite-allograft-vca-donation-and-transplantation-a-survey-of-public-attitudes-in-the-united-states
#6
James R Rodrigue, David Tomich, Aaron Fleishman, Alexandra K Glazier
Vascularized composite allograft (VCA) transplantation has emerged as a groundbreaking surgical intervention to return identity and function following traumatic injury, congenital deformity, or disfigurement. While public attitudes toward traditional organ/tissue donation are favorable, little is known about attitudes toward VCA donation and transplantation. A survey was conducted of 1,485 U.S. residents in August 2016 to assess VCA donation attitudes. Participants also completed the Revised Health Care System Distrust Scale...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278612/complementary-public-service-announcements-as-a-strategy-for-enhancing-the-impact-of-health-promoting-messages-in-fictional-television-programs
#7
Lynda M Bavin, R Glynn Owens
Research suggests that health-promoting storylines in developed nations' fictional television programs can have a beneficial impact on viewers' beliefs, attitudes, intentions, or behaviors. The sizes of the effects are generally modest; however, the audience reach is substantial. Given that many fictional programs may hold the prolonged attention of millions of viewers, it is of value to examine potential strategies for enhancing the persuasive impact of their health-promoting storylines. Complementary public service announcements may be a promising strategy...
February 17, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165540/attitudes-towards-organ-donation-and-relation-to-wish-to-donate-posthumously
#8
Julius Weiss, David Shaw, Roger Schober, Viviana Abati, Franz F Immer, Comité National du Don d'Organes Cndo
BACKGROUND: Organs donated for transplantation remain a scarce resource in Switzerland. One of the reasons for this situation is the high percentage of patients or families who refuse to consent to donation. This study aimed to provide an overview of attitudes towards organ donation among Swiss residents, including any intention to donate organs after death, and whether they had already declared their wish and/or communicated it to anyone. METHODS: A representative poll investigating the attitude of the Swiss population towards deceased organ donation was conducted between 16 and 28 March 2015...
February 6, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098107/knowledge-and-attitude-towards-organ-donation-among-adult-population-in-al-kharj-saudi-arabia
#9
Sandeep Agrawal, Saud Binsaleem, Mohammed Al-Homrani, Abdullaziz Al-Juhayim, Abdullah Al-Harbi
Organ transplantation is a lifesaving treatment for patients with end-stage organ failure. Despite the advanced medical science and technology, shortage of organs had led to a growing gap between the demand for organs and the number of donors. With a limited number of studies on the subject and based on those findings, the public knowledge and attitudes must be assessed to understand more clearly that why many people are opposing donating their organs in Saudi Arabia. The objective of our study was to assess the knowledge and attitude of the adult population toward organ donation in Saudi Arabia...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098078/knowledge-attitude-and-behaviour-of-the-general-population-towards-organ-donation-an-indian-perspective
#10
Poreddi Vijayalakshmi, T S Sunitha, Sailaxmi Gandhi, Rohini Thimmaiah, Suresh Bada Math
BACKGROUND: The rate of organ donation in India is low and research on organ donation among the general population is limited. We assessed the knowledge, attitude and willingness to donate organs among the general population. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional descriptive study among 193 randomly selected relatives of patients (not of those seeking organ donation) attending the outpatient department at a tertiary care centre. We used a structured questionnaire to collect data through face-to-face interviews...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035632/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-the-faculty-of-theology-students-on-organ-transplantation
#11
Seher Gürdil Yilmaz, Burcu Opak Yücel, Döndü Çuhadar
The objective in this study is to determine the knowledge and attitudes of the Faculty of Theology students on organ transplantation. The study that was planned as a descriptive study took place between March-May 2014 with the participation of 119 students enrolled at the Faculty of Theology. It was determined as a result of the study that the students see lack of knowledge (49.6%) as the top obstacle for organ transplantation followed by religion (21%), that 52.1% accept that organ transplantation is not forbidden in Islam; that 27...
June 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999488/the-influence-of-information-and-religion-on-organ-donation-as-seen-by-school-teachers-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#12
Sahmir Sadic, Jasna Sadic, Rasim Krupic, Nabi Fatahi, Ferid Krupic
INTRODUCTION: Transplantation of organs is the treatment of choice for severe organ failure worldwide. AIM: The aims of the present study were to determine the influence of religion on attitudes towards organ donation among staff at schools in Tuzla. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the Tuzla region there are 42 schools and 1580 school staff. A total of 21 schools were selected randomly, which were stratified by geographical location. 499 employees were invited to participate in the study, and 475 agreed to participate...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982363/-efficiency-indicators-to-assess-the-organ-donation-and-transplantation-process-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
Marina Martins Siqueira, Claudia Affonso Araujo, Bartira de Aguiar Roza, Janine Schirmer
Objective: To search the literature and identify indicators used to monitor and control the organ donation and transplantation process and to group these indicators into categories. Method: In November 2014, a systematic review of the literature was carried out in the following databases: Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), EBSCO, Emerald, Proquest, Science Direct, and Web of Science. The following search terms (and the corresponding terms in Brazilian Portuguese) were employed: "efficiency," "indicators," "organ donation," "tissue and organ procurement," and "organ transplantation...
August 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942168/attitude-of-medical-professionals-regarding-controversial-issues-in-kidney-donation-transplantation
#14
N Almeida, R F Almeida, K Almeida, A Almeida
There is a dire need to evaluate new strategies to bridge the wide kidney demand-supply gap. The current study examined the attitude of medical professionals regarding controversial issues pertaining to transplantation. A questionnaire, presenting controversial issues related to kidney transplantation, in an agree-disagree format with supporting reasons, was employed. The research was exploratory. Data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. The sample comprised 140 doctors from Mumbai (mean = 38.1 years, standard deviation = 17...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931563/brazilian-healthcare-professionals-a-study-of-attitudes-toward-organ-donation
#15
C Araujo, M Siqueira
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals have a crucial role in organ donation and transplantation processes. Their attitude toward organ donation can affect public opinion and the donation decision made by deceased donors' relatives. The objectives of the study were to analyze the attitude of medical and nursing personnel toward deceased organ donation in two hospitals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and the factors that can affect this attitude. METHODS: A random sample (n = 162) was selected from the population of nurses and physicians in the hospitals analyzed...
December 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918859/the-mediating-role-of-temporal-considerations-on-the-effects-of-self-affirmation-on-responses-to-organ-donation-messages
#16
Xiao Wang, Xiaoquan Zhao
Previous self-affirmation research has shown that individuals who are allowed to reflect on their values and self-worth are less likely to exhibit message derogation and are more likely to accept risk information and change their behaviors compared to those who are not. However, the underlying mechanisms for the effect are unclear. Based on a randomized experiment (N = 331), we examined the mediating role of temporal considerations in participants' health-related cognitions and emotional responses. We found that self-affirmed participants (vs...
December 5, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909606/knowledge-levels-and-attitudes-of-people-living-in-the-city-centre-of-nev%C3%A5-ehir-on-organ-donation-and-transplantation
#17
Mehmet Akif Yazar, Mehmet Barış Açıkgöz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this descriptive study was to determine the knowledge levels and attitudes of people living in Nevşehir on organ donation (OD) and transplantation. METHODS: Data were collected using a questionnaire administered to 414 people residing in Nevşehir between February and May 2016. The primary and secondary endpoints of the present study were to determine the attitudes and knowledge levels of participants on OD and transplantation, respectively...
October 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900957/attitudes-knowledge-and-willingness-to-donate-organs-among-indian-nursing-students
#18
Vijayalakshmi Poreddi, B V Katyayani, Sailaxmi Gandhi, Rohini Thimmaiah, Suresh Badamath
Globally, there is an acute shortage of organs for transplantation. Health professionals play an important role in raising awareness, motivating, and subsequently increasing the organ donation rates. Research related to nursing students' attitudes toward organ donation is limited from India. We aimed to assess undergraduate nursing students' knowledge, attitudes, and willingness to donate organs. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out among conveniently selected undergraduate nursing students (n = 271) using self-reported questionnaires...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900507/-why-throw-away-something-useful-attitudes-and-opinions-of-people-treated-for-bipolar-disorder-and-their-relatives-on-organ-and-tissue-donation
#19
Carolina S Padoan, Lucas F Garcia, Aline A Rodrigues, Lucas M Patusco, Mariana V Atz, Flavio Kapczinski, José R Goldim, Pedro V S Magalhães
In regard to mental illness, brain donation is essential for the biological investigation of central pathology. Nevertheless, little is known about the thoughts of people with mental disorders on tissue donation for research. Here, our objective was to understand the attitudes and opinions of people treated for bipolar disorder and their relatives regarding donation in general, and particularly donation for research. This is a qualitative study that used in-depth interviews to determine the thoughts of participants regarding tissue donation for research...
March 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879190/transplantation-in-africa-an-overview
#20
Elmi Muller
Africa is underdeveloped in terms of treatment options for patients with end-stage renal failure. Economic growth and corresponding increases in health expenditures in the African region mean that we can confidently anticipate increased demand for organ transplantation within the region over the next few years. Renal failure in Africa occurs mainly due to glomerular nephropathies, hypertension, diabetes, and HIV. For the subset of the population that might be considered medically suitable for transplantation, demand for transplantation is tightly constrained by the availability of specialist physicians and surgeons, pathology facilities, capacity to achieve acceptable graft outcomes, cultural and religious attitudes towards organ donation, trust in the health system, and the extent to which patients are able to meet the costs of surgery and ongoing immunosuppression...
2016: Clinical Nephrology
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