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Attitude organ donation

Ngwobia Peter Agwu, Kehinde Joseph Awosan, Solomon Ifeanyi Ukwuani, Emmanuel Ugbede Oyibo, Muhammad Aliyu Makusidi, Rotimi Abiodun Ajala
Background: Access to renal replacement therapy by the increasing population of patients with end-stage kidney disease across Sub-Saharan Africa, including Nigeria, has become a major public health challenge. Although deceased kidney donation constitutes a viable source, its uptake by patients is contingent on its acceptance by health-care workers. Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess the awareness and attitude to deceased kidney donation among health-care workers in Sokoto, Nigeria...
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Pelin Corman Dincer, Deniz Birtan, Mustafa Kemal Arslantas, Gulbin Tore Altun, Hilmi Omer Ayanoglu
OBJECTIVES: Organ donation is the most important stage for organ transplant. Studies reveal that attitudes of families of brain-dead patients toward donation play a significant role in their decision. We hypothesized that supporting family awareness about the meaning of organ donation, including saving lives while losing a loved one, combined with being informed about brain death and the donation process must be maintained by intensive care unit physicians through standardized interviews and questionnaires to increase the donation rate...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
S Saha, B Chandra
OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to fill the gap in the literature by conducting a comprehensive research on Indian donor's intention towards voluntary blood donation in India. The study attempts to conceptualize and validate an integrative framework incorporating voluntary function inventory (VFI) in the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) model with the purpose tomeasure the voluntary blood donation intention. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Structural equation modeling (SEM) has been used to rigorously test the hypothesized interrelationships among the underlying motives influencing voluntary blood donation intention...
February 19, 2018: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
Vaishaly K Bharambe, Vasanti U Arole, Vatsalaswamy Puranam, Preeti P Kulkarni, Prashant B Kulkarni
Organ shortage is the greatest challenge facing the field of organ transplantation today. We aimed to study the attitude and knowledge toward body and organ donation among people in rural India. The present study was conducted in a rural town called Lanja, in the Konkan region of Maharashtra in India. A questionnaire covering demographic data, knowledge, and attitude of the participants was distributed to 400 students, middle-aged and senior citizens; 91.5% of the respondents were aware about organ donation...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Antonio Ríos Zambudio
The International Donor Collaborative Project (PCID) research group was created in 1996 in Spain with the aim of promoting research in the field of organ donation and transplantation, led by Spanish surgeons. During this period they have developed the questionnaires of the PCID, both the attitude towards cadaver and live donation, which are the most used questionnaires in publications in indexed journals. They have been the driving group of stratified studies representative of the populations under study, and of the performance of multivariate statistical analyzes in the field of psycho-social research in organ donation and transplantation...
February 7, 2018: Cirugía Española
Magi Sque, Wendy Walker, Tracy Long-Sutehall, Myfanwy Morgan, Gurch Randhawa, Amanda Rodney
PURPOSE: To elicit bereaved families' experiences of organ and tissue donation. A specific objective was to determine families' perceptions of how their experiences influenced donation decision-making. METHODS: Retrospective, qualitative interviews were undertaken with 43 participants of 31 donor families to generate rich, informative data. Participant recruitment was via 10 National Health Service Trusts, representative of five regional organ donation services in the UK...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Mahmoud Abbasi, Mehrzad Kiani, Mehdi Ahmadi, Bahare Salehi
Organ transplantation is an effective process that prolongs the lives of individuals suffering from incapacitating conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the view point of medical students in Iran regarding ethical aspects and knowledge on organ transplantation and donation. The participants included 165 medical students from different faculties of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. They were assessed using a reliable questionnaire that examined their ethical aspects and knowledge regarding organ transplantation and donation...
January 31, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
T Okita, E Hsu, K Aizawa, H Nakada, W Toya, K Matsui
BACKGROUND: In comparison with foreign countries, living-organ transplantations (LOT) have been performed more frequently than dead organ transplants, including brain-dead organ transplantation (BOT) in Japan. This situation has given rise to organ transplantation tourism. Therefore, we clarify laypersons' preferences regarding organ transplantation that are producing the current situation in Japan, to suggest a possible framework for further efforts. METHODS: Voluntary completion of a quantitative and anonymous survey was promoted online (a sample size of 1030)...
January 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
Jingyuan Shi
This research refined the notion of attitude based on the reasoned action perspective of organ donation research at both the conceptual and the operational levels in the Chinese context. In Study 1, a multidimensional attitude scale was developed based on the salient beliefs of the Chinese toward registering to become an organ donor, and the scale's reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity were established. The results of Study 1 indicated that the attitudes toward registering to become an organ donor consisted of two statistically independent dimensions, namely, positive and negative attitudes...
January 25, 2018: Health Communication
Maria Del Mar Lomero, María F Jiménez-Herrera, Mireia Llaurado-Serra, María A Bodí, Nuria Masnou, Eva Oliver, Alberto Sandiumenge
The limitation of life-sustaining treatment is common practice in critical care units, and organ donation after circulatory death has come to be included as an option within this care plan. Lack of knowledge and misunderstandings can raise barriers between health-care providers (e.g., confusion about professional roles, lack of collaboration, doubts about the legality of the process, and not respecting patients' wishes in the decision-making process). The aim of the present study was to determine the knowledge and attitudes of intensive care physicians and nurses before and after a multidisciplinary online training program...
January 3, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Antonio Ríos, Ana Isabel López-Navas, Laura Martínez-Alarcón, Gregorio Garrido, Marco Antonio Ayala-García, Pablo Ramírez, Antonio Miguel Hernández, Pascual Parrilla
OBJECTIVES: The knowledge of brain death is fundamental for being able to understand the organ donation process and for ensuring its acceptance or rejection. Here, we analyzed the level of knowledge of the concept of brain death among Latin-American individuals who are residents of Spain to determine the factors affecting this knowledge. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our patient group was a sample of 1314 Latin-American residents of Spain, obtained randomly and stratified according to the respondent's nationality, age, and sex...
December 18, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
A Carver, K Chell, T E Davison, B M Masser
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Effective recruitment and retention of male donors are vital for the ongoing provision of blood products. Compared with females, male donors are less likely to be medically deferred or experience vasovagal reactions and are typically preferred for plasmapheresis donation in voluntary non-remunerated settings. However, females outnumber males among donors aged under 40 years. This systematic review aimed to synthesize evidence and identify key motivators for blood donation among males to inform targeted recruitment/retention campaigns...
December 15, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
E Tackmann, S Dettmer
BACKGROUND: The German post-mortem organ donation rate has dropped by one third since 2010. Furthermore, 958 patients died in 2015 in Germany while waiting for an organ. To decrease organ shortage, an amendment of the transplantation law was established in 2012. An information package including an organ donor card is sent to all German citizens via the postal service. A voluntary national transplantation register was introduced in 2016 to improve transparency in the organ donation process...
February 2018: Der Anaesthesist
Maureen Wilson-Genderson, K Laura Barker, Heather M Gardiner, Maghboeba Mosavel, Jeffrey Thomas, Laura A Siminoff
Tissues from deceased donors provide important data for genomic research and Organ Procurement Organizations (OPOs) play a significant role. To understand the decisions of families who donated for transplantation and made decisions about donation to the Genotype-Tissue Expression Project (GTEx), we examined donation decisions of family decision makers (FDMs). 413 families were interviewed by telephone. The OPO staff who made the transplant and research requests completed self-administered surveys; a total of 309 matching surveys from 99 OPO staff were obtained...
January 2018: Human Genetics
Caitlin Loughery, Nanhua Zhang, Ken Resnicow, Remonia Chapman, John C Magee, Ann M Andrews
INTRODUCTION: Health education programs can positively impact organ donor designation among African Americans, a disproportionately represented group on the transplant waiting list. Alumni chapters of historically African American sororities and fraternities are a novel setting for organ donation education and research. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: This study tested the effectiveness of a lay health advisor model to increase donor designation registrations on the Michigan Organ Donor Registry among members of Midwest alumni chapters...
December 2017: Progress in Transplantation
Eva-Maria Merz, Katja van den Hurk, Wim L A M de Kort
INTRODUCTION: In the Netherlands, there is a constant shortage in donor organs, resulting in long waiting lists. The decision to register as organ donor is associated with several demographic, cultural, and personal factors. Previous research on attitudes and motivations toward blood and organ donations provided similar results. RESEARCH QUESTION: The current study investigated demographic, cultural, and personal determinants of organ donation registration among current Dutch blood donors...
September 2017: Progress in Transplantation
Kathy Knox, Joy Parkinson, Bo Pang, Haruka Fujihira, Patricia David, Sharyn Rundle-Thiele
BACKGROUND: This study systematically located and appraised peer-reviewed evidence for the efficacy of strategies to increase organ donation decision communication among adults including an assessment of study quality to guide future research in this field. There is little room to move in strengthening unanimously positive public attitudes toward organ donation. Consequently, researchers have called for a focus on organ donation decision communication to understand modifiable factors to increase organ donation rates...
September 2017: Progress in Transplantation
B Kahveci, K Topal, Ç Gereklioglu, H Aksoy
INTRODUCTION: This study sought to investigate attitudes toward organ donation (OD) among the relatives of patients who are being followed up in intensive care units (ICU) and dialysis units. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with relatives of the patients who were being followed up in hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) units and Neurosurgery, Neurology, Anesthesia, and Reanimation ICUs of Adana Numune Research and Training Hospital...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
F Fontana, M Massari, L Giovannini, G Alfano, G Cappelli
INTRODUCTION: The number of organ donors in Italy is increasing, but with still disappointing living donation activity and relatively frequent objection by potential deceased donors' relatives to organ recovery. Few studies have assessed health care students' knowledge and attitude on donation. METHODS: We administered a questionnaire to medical (MS) and nursing students (NS) at University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy, and 749 students (406 MS and 343 NS) completed the questionnaire...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
Q-X Zhang, J-F Xie, J-D Zhou, S-S Xiao, A-Z Liu, G-Q Hu, Y Chen, C-Y Wang
PURPOSE: This study's purpose was to investigate the attitudes toward organ donation among renal transplantation patients and their caregivers. In addition, we sought to explore the impact factors that affect their attitudes toward deceased organ donation. DESIGN AND METHODS: A self-administrated questionnaire was used, which consisted of two parts: 1) demographic data, and 2) transplantation and donation-related data. This study was conducted in three transplantation follow-up centers in three hospitals using a cross-sectional approach...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
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