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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149949/attitudes-toward-organ-donation-among-relatives-of-the-patients-who-are-being-followed-up-in-intensive-care-and-dialysis-units
#1
B Kahveci, K Topal, Ç Gereklioglu, H Aksoy
INTRODUCTION: This study sought to investigate attitudes toward organ donation (OD) among the relatives of patients who are being followed up in intensive care units (ICU) and dialysis units. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with relatives of the patients who were being followed up in hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) units and Neurosurgery, Neurology, Anesthesia, and Reanimation ICUs of Adana Numune Research and Training Hospital...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149948/knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-organ-donation-in-health-care-undergraduate-students-in-italy
#2
F Fontana, M Massari, L Giovannini, G Alfano, G Cappelli
INTRODUCTION: The number of organ donors in Italy is increasing, but with still disappointing living donation activity and relatively frequent objection by potential deceased donors' relatives to organ recovery. Few studies have assessed health care students' knowledge and attitude on donation. METHODS: We administered a questionnaire to medical (MS) and nursing students (NS) at University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy, and 749 students (406 MS and 343 NS) completed the questionnaire...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149947/impact-factors-and-attitudes-toward-organ-donation-among-transplantation-patients-and-their-caregivers-in-china
#3
Q-X Zhang, J-F Xie, J-D Zhou, S-S Xiao, A-Z Liu, G-Q Hu, Y Chen, C-Y Wang
PURPOSE: This study's purpose was to investigate the attitudes toward organ donation among renal transplantation patients and their caregivers. In addition, we sought to explore the impact factors that affect their attitudes toward deceased organ donation. DESIGN AND METHODS: A self-administrated questionnaire was used, which consisted of two parts: 1) demographic data, and 2) transplantation and donation-related data. This study was conducted in three transplantation follow-up centers in three hospitals using a cross-sectional approach...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149946/organ-donation-a-comparison-of-donating-and-nondonating-families-in-turkey
#4
F Can, S Hovardaoglu
Based on public opinion surveys, although 75% of people state that they would donate the organs of one of their relatives, in reality, the rate of the people who donate the organs of their relatives is 24%. To decrease the organ shortage, the key point is to understand the difference between intention and real behavior. For this reason, in this study, analyses of variables related to the potential organ donor families' decisions of approval or refusal for organ harvesting were analyzed. The interviews were conducted with 101 families who made a decision about organ donation between 2010 and 2014...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142981/commercial-kidney-transplantation-attitude-knowledge-perception-and-experience-of-recipients
#5
Fatma Al Rahbi, Issa Al Salmi
Introduction: Kidney transplantation is the gold standard for patients with end-stage kidney disease. In view of shortages of available organs, long wait times for possible transplantation, and strict regulation, many patients opt for commercial transplantation. This study elicits the reasons and motivations for patients with end-stage kidney disease to elect for commercial transplant. Methods: A questionnaire-based evaluation was conducted during the period from July 2015 until late December 2015...
July 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130538/-what-if-this-is-my-chance-to-save-my-life-a-semi-structured-interview-study-on-the-motives-and-experiences-of-esrd-patients-who-engaged-in-public-solicitation-of-a-living-kidney-donor
#6
Mathilde C Pronk, Dorthe Slaats, Willij C Zuidema, Medard T Hilhorst, Frank J M F Dor, Michiel Betjes, Willem Weimar, Jacqueline van de Wetering, Emma K Massey
The increase of patients using public solicitation (PS) to find a living kidney donor has generated a debate about the ethical complexities of PS. To investigate why patients engaged in PS and what they experienced during PS we conducted semi-structured interviews with 20 Dutch end-stage renal disease patients who had publicly solicited a living donor. Transcipts were thematically analyzed. We identified ten themes on patients' considerations preceding PS: cautiousness in discussing living donation within social network; reluctance to accept a kidney from loved ones; rejection/withdrawal of related donor candidates; moral objections to black market organs/paid donation; the ease of social media; encouraged by others; ends justyfying the means; despair and urge to take action; public disclosure of vulnerability; fear of being (perceived to be) selfish...
November 12, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098739/organ-donation-and-transplantation-awareness-and-roles-of-healthcare-professionals-a-systematic-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Funmi Ojawoniyi, Kevin Gormley, Emma Mcgleenan, Helen Rose Noble
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of healthcare professionals in the organ donation and transplantation process. BACKGROUND: Globally, there remains a perennial disequilibrium between organ donation and organ transplantation. Several factors account for this disequilibrium; however, as healthcare professionals are not only strategically positioned as the primary intermediaries between organ donors and transplant recipients, but also professionally situated as the implementers of organ donation and transplantation processes, they are often blamed for the global organ shortage...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074840/survey-regarding-attitude-of-family-about-organ-donation-after-brain-death-in-korea
#8
Hyun Ji Lee, Myung Jae Jin, Sang Youb Han, Kum Hyun Han, Se Won Oh, Hye-Yeon Jang, Ui Jun Park, Hyoung Tae Kim, Young-Nam Roh
BACKGROUND This study examined the attitude of patients' relatives in South Korea toward organ donation after brain death. MATERIAL AND METHODS A structured questionnaire was used to obtain the information on the attitude toward organ donation for relatives of patients who were admitted to the surgical intensive care unit (SICU) between March 1, 2014 and September 30, 2016. In total, 92 persons participated voluntarily. The investigation included general opinion about organ donation; and additional categorical analysis was performed...
October 27, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025839/family-attitudes-actions-decisions-and-experiences-following-implementation-of-deemed-consent-and-the-human-transplantation-wales-act-2013-mixed-method-study-protocol
#9
Jane Noyes, Karen Morgan, Phillip Walton, Abigail Roberts, Leah Mclaughlin, Michael Stephens
INTRODUCTION: The Human Transplantation (Wales) Act 2013 (the Act) introduced a 'soft opt-out' system of organ donation on 1 December 2015. Citizens are encouraged to make their organ donation decision known during their lifetime. In order to work, the Act and media campaign need to create a context, whereby organ donation becomes the norm, and create a mechanism for people to behave as intended (formally register their decision; consider appointing a representative; convey their donation decision to their families and friends or do nothing-deemed consent)...
October 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025443/perceptions-of-nurses-roles-in-end-of-life-care-and-organ-donation-imposition-or-obligation
#10
Kim Crymble, June Fabian, Harriet Etheredge, Petra Gaylard
South Africa has a rich organ-transplant history, and studies suggest that the SA public supports organ donation. In spite of this, persistently low donor numbers are a significant challenge. This may be due to a lack of contextually appropriate awareness and education, or to barriers to referring patients and families in clinical settings. It may also be due to ad hoc regulations that are not uniformly endorsed or implemented. In this article we present the findings of a study in Johannesburg that explored the attitudes and roles of nurses in end-of-life care and organ donation...
June 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991282/knowledge-and-attitude-towards-organ-donation-of-medicine-students-of-a-northwestern-mexico-public-university
#11
María José Sebastián-Ruiz, Elda Karina Guerra-Sáenz, Anna Karen Vargas-Yamanaka, Oralia Barboza-Quintana, Antonio Ríos-Zambudio, Ricardo García-Cabello, Gerardo Del Carmen Palacios-Saucedo
Introduction: The issue of organ donation is scarcely addressed during undergraduate medical studies. Objective: To evaluate the knowledge and attitude towards organ donation of medicine students of a Northwestern Mexico public university. Materials and Methods: A prolective, descriptive, observational, and cross-sectional study. A 34 items cross-sectional survey evaluating knowledge and attitude towards organ donation in 3056 medicine students during 2013-2015...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958262/healthcare-workers-attitude-toward-organ-donation-at-two-level-1-urban-trauma
#12
John D Cull, Vidya A Fleetwood, Benjamin Manning, Edie Y Chan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956078/-attitude-towards-organ-and-tissue-donation-in-europe-prerequisite-for-osteochondral-allograft-treatment
#13
REVIEW
S Schmidt, A Schulte, S Schwarz, N Hofmann, S Tietz, M Boergel, S U Sixt
BACKGROUND: The biggest obstacle to overcome for routine treatment of various pathologies with fresh osteochondral allograft is the availability of tissue for transplantation. Large fresh osteochondral allografts are usually harvested from organ donors, but in contrast to organs, tissues can be procured after cardiac arrest. OBJECTIVE: Medical staff as well the general public are much less aware of the possibilities and requirements of tissue donation compared to organ donation...
November 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924465/brain-dead-donation-rate-in-month-of-ramadan-and-the-other-months-2005-2014
#14
M Aghighi, M Mahdavi-Mazdeh, M Saberi Isfeedvajani, S A Tavakoli, N Tirgar, A Heidary Rouchi
Regardless of the level of development, religion and beliefs have crucial impact on people's attitude towards organ donation. Although organ donation in Islam is obviously appraised, mainly due to lack of an appropriate infrastructure, post-mortem donation rate in Islamic countries is not comparable to successful settings. We conducted this study to assess the extent of contribution of factors that reduce the level of effectiveness, and also to determine the impact of altruistic feelings in the month of Ramadan on family refusal as the leading modifiable contributor to organ donation rate...
2017: International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923610/attitudes-of-the-third-year-nursing-students-toward-organ-donation-%C3%A2-cross-sectional-study
#15
B Akpınar Söylemez, Y S Ordin
BACKGROUND: Health professionals can affect attitudes toward organ donation in society; therefore, priority should be given to exploration of attitudes of nursing students as important prospective members of the health profession. The goal of this study was to assess nursing students' attitudes and volunteerism toward organ donation. METHODS: This descriptive study was performed on 240 third-year nursing students in Turkey between February 2016 and April 2016. Purposive sampling and a cross-sectional survey were used...
October 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923609/knowledge-attitudes-and-behavior-of-nigerian-students-toward-organ-donation
#16
M Ibrahim, G Randhawa
BACKGROUND: The Nigerian transplantation program is evolving but is currently over-reliant on living donors. If deceased donation is to be viable in Nigeria, it is important to ascertain the views of the public. The objective of the study was to explore the knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of Nigerian international students toward organ donation. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among Nigerian international students of the University of Bedfordshire through the use of a modified self-administered questionnaire...
October 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894530/knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-brain-death-and-organ-donation-in-bojnurd
#17
Sima Sadat Hejazi, Shima Nikbakht, Leila Jouybari, Mehdi Hares Abadi, Davood Davoodi, Tooba Hoseini Azizi, Sepideh Yahyaei
BACKGROUND: Organ donation in Iran is common. Bojnurd (North Khorasan, Iran) is a multi-ethnic city, and people with different religions and cultures live together and that could be associated with their behavior and attitude towards health-related issues. So far, no study has taken place on brain death and organ donation in the province of North Khorasan. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge and attitudes of citizens of Bojnurd toward brain death and organ donation...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894429/circumventing-the-ick-factor-a-randomized-trial-of-the-effects-of-omitting-affective-attitudes-questions-to-increase-intention-to-become-an-organ-donor
#18
Sally Doherty, Elizabeth Dolan, Jennifer Flynn, Ronan E O'Carroll, Frank Doyle
Objectives: Including or excluding certain questions about organ donation may influence peoples' intention to donate. We investigated the effect of omitting certain affective attitudinal items on potential donors' intention and behavior for donation. Design: A cross-sectional survey with a subgroup nested randomized trial. Methods: A total of 578 members of the public in four shopping centers were surveyed on their attitudes to organ donation. Non-donors (n = 349) were randomly assigned to one of three groups: Group 1 completed items on affective and cognitive attitudes, anticipated regret, intention, subjective norm and perceived behavioral control...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857843/altruistic-nondirected-kidney-donation-attitudes-characteristics-and-ethical-implications
#19
Maja Ehlers, Frank Vitinius, Michael Langenbach
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Altruistic nondirected kidney donation involves a person donating one of their kidneys to an unknown recipient. The donor's mental health and motives are frequently questioned. We want to highlight this topic and also encourage discussions about ethical implications. RECENT FINDINGS: The main topics are the mental health of altruistic nondirected kidney donors and the general attitude towards the practice of this form of donation as well as the willingness of the public to donate this way...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834180/attitudes-and-barriers-to-the-use-of-donation-after-cardiac-death-livers-comparison-of-a-united-states-transplant-center-survey-to-the-united-network-for-organ-sharing-data
#20
Linda Sher, Cristiano Quintini, Sameh Adel Fayek, Peter Abt, Mary Lo, Pui Yuk, Lingyun Ji, Susan Groshen, Jamie Case, Christopher Lee Marsh
Transplantation of liver grafts from donation after cardiac death (DCD) is limited. To identify barriers of DCD liver utilization, all active US liver transplant centers (n = 138) were surveyed, and the responses were compared with the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) data. In total, 74 (54%) centers responded, and diversity in attitudes was observed, with many not using organ and/or recipient prognostic variables defined in prior studies and UNOS data analysis. Most centers (74%) believed lack of a system allowing a timely retransplant is a barrier to utilization...
November 2017: Liver Transplantation
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