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Attitude organ donation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701112/an-exploratory-study-on-university-students-perceptions-of-posthumous-organ-donation-base-on-the-theory-of-reasoned-action
#1
Shui Hung Wong, Amy Yin Man Chow
In view of the general support for organ donation but low registration rate in Hong Kong, the present research attempted to understand the attitude-behavior inconsistency by identifying the underlying beliefs for organ donation through employing the theory of reasoned action. A qualitative approach using semi-structured focus groups was adopted and 19 students from three universities in Hong Kong participated; 10 constructs were identified: attitude, subjective norm, helping, continuation, contribution, body intact, distrust to the medical system, indifference to organ donation, negative affect, and family burden...
August 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674721/attitude-of-the-saudi-community-towards-heart-donation-transplantation-and-artificial-hearts
#2
Waleed AlHabeeb, Fakhr AlAyoubi, Adel Tash, Leenah AlAhmari, Khalid F AlHabib
To understand the attitudes of the Saudi population towards heart donation and transplantation. Methods: A survey using a questionnaire addressing attitudes towards organ transplantation and donation was conducted across 18 cities in Saudi Arabia between September 2015 and March 2016.  Results: A total of 1250 respondents participated in the survey. Of these, approximately 91% agree with the concept of organ transplantation but approximately 17% do not agree with the concept of heart transplantation; 42...
July 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665141/a-multicentre-and-stratified-study-of-the-attitude-of-medical-students-towards-organ-donation-in-spain
#3
A Ríos, A López-Navas, A López-López, F J Gómez, J Iriarte, R Herruzo, G Blanco, F J Llorca, A Asunsolo, P Sánchez, P R Gutiérrez, A Fernández, M T de Jesús, L Martínez Alarcón, A Lana, L Fuentes, J R Hernández, J Virseda, J Yelamos, J A Bondía, A M Hernández, M A Ayala, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
INTRODUCTION: Medical students represent a new generation of medical thought, and if they have a favourable attitude towards organ donation this will greatly encourage its promotion. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the attitude of medical students in Spanish universities towards the donation of their own organs and to determine the factors affecting this attitude. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Type of study: A sociological, interdisciplinary, multicentre, and observational study in Spain...
June 30, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631279/nurses-attitudes-and-knowledge-regarding-organ-and-tissue-donation-and-transplantation-in-a-provincial-hospital-a-descriptive-and-multivariate-analysis
#4
Maria Del Mar Lomero, María F Jiménez-Herrera, Maria José Rasero, Alberto Sandiumenge
The attitudes and knowledge of nursing personnel regarding organ and tissue donation can influence the decision to donate. This study aimed to determine these two factors among nurses at a district hospital in Barcelona, Spain. A survey was carried out using a 35 item questionnaire. Results were subjected to descriptive and comparative statistical analyses using bivariate and multivariate analyses to examine the relation between demographic data and attitudes toward donation. The completion rate was 68.2%, with 98...
June 20, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628073/evaluating-the-need-for-organ-donation-and-transplant-related-education-in-nursing-curricula
#5
Annette Cerrato, Emerson Ea, Peter Flom
Transplant education has been historically unstructured and inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to measure nursing students' knowledge and attitudes toward organ donation, allocation, and preparation for practice using a modified version of the Organ Donation Attitude Questionnaire II-Student Version. Scores were low, particularly regarding brain death and organ allocation. Preparedness for practice was related to knowledge of brain death (z = 2.05, p = .04); knowledge (t = 2.24, p = .03) and attitude (t = 7...
July 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617158/transcendental-spirituality-and-acquaintance-with-the-activities-of-the-domestic-national-transplant-center-as-factors-shaping-attitudes-toward-organ-donation
#6
Semyon Melnikov, Tamar Ashkenazi, Muhammad Amara, Anat Peles Bortz
CONTEXT: Organ donation has been shown to be perceived as inappropriate by religiously observant individuals. The impact of spirituality level on attitudes toward organ donation has not been broadly explored. OBJECTIVE: To explore the contribution of ethnicity, spirituality, level of religious observance, and acquaintance with the activities of the Israel National Transplant Center (INTC) to forming attitudes toward organ donation among Jews and Muslim Arabs in Israel...
June 2017: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617156/the-effect-of-transplant-education-on-nurses-attitudes-toward-organ-donation-and-advocacy-for-transplantation
#7
Haley Hoy, Susan Alexander, Karen H Frith, Yeow Chye Ng
Nurses are the largest group of health-care professionals, yet they are not uniformly educated regarding transplantation and organ donation. The future of transplantation hinges on education of this group. Before meaningful studies can be conducted, an instrument to measure attitudes and commitment to organ transplantation is needed. The purpose of this study was to examine content and construct validity as well as establish internal reliability of an investigator-developed online instrument to measure nurses' attitudes and commitment to organ transplantation by registered nurses...
June 2017: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608574/the-attitude-of-latin-american-immigrants-in-florida-usa-towards-deceased-organ-donation
#8
Antonio Ríos, Ana Isabel López-Navas, José Antonio García, Gregorio Garrido, Marco Antonio Ayala-García, María José Sebastián, Antonio Miguel Hernandez, Pablo Ramírez, Pascual Parrilla
INTRODUCTION: The Latin American (LA) population resident in the USA is a growing subgroup of the population. OBJECTIVE: To find out the structure of attitude towards organ donation in the LA population resident in Florida (USA). METHODS: A sample was taken of LA residents in Florida, randomised and stratified by nationality, age and sex (n=1524). Attitude was assessed using a validated questionnaire (PCID-DTO Rios), that was self-completed anonymously...
June 13, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575538/willingness-toward-organ-and-body-donation-among-anatomy-professors-and-students-in-mexico
#9
Alejandro Quiroga-Garza, Cynthia Guadalupe Reyes-Hernández, Pablo Patricio Zarate-Garza, Claudia Nallely Esparza-Hernández, Jorge Gutierrez-de la O, David de la Fuente-Villarreal, Rodrigo Enrique Elizondo-Omaña, Santos Guzman-Lopez
Most anatomists agree that cadaver dissection serves as a superior teaching tool in human anatomy education. However, attitudes toward body donation vary widely between different individuals. A questionnaire was developed to determine the attitudes toward body and organ donation among those who learn the most from cadavers: medical students, medical student teaching assistants, medical students involved in research, and anatomy professors. A cross-sectional, prospective study was designed in which the questionnaire was distributed among first-year human anatomy students before undertaking cadaver dissection at the beginning of the semester, and then again after a commemoration service at the end of the course...
June 2, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548609/a-pilot-study-to-validate-measures-of-the-theory-of-reasoned-action-for-organ-donation-behavior
#10
Shui Hung Wong, Amy Yin Man Chow
The present study aimed at taking the first attempt in validating the measures generated based on the theory of reasoned action (TRA). A total of 211 university students participated in the study, 95 were included in the exploratory factor analysis and 116 were included in the confirmatory factor analysis. The TRA measurements were established with adequate psychometric properties, internal consistency, and construct validity. Findings also suggested that attitude toward organ donation has both a cognitive and affective nature, while the subjective norm of the family seems to be important to students' views on organ donation...
May 26, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540899/gender-differences-in-perceptions-and-attitudes-of-general-population-towards-organ-donation-an-indian-perspective
#11
Vijayalakshmi Poreddi, T S Sunitha, Rohini Thimmaiah, Suresh Bada Math
Globally, shortage of organs available for organ transplantation is a major problem. Studies assessing awareness and attitudes towards organ donation are limited from India. The aim of this study is to assess gender differences in the perceptions and attitude of general population toward organ donation. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among randomly selected patient relatives (n = 193) at the outpatient department of a tertiary care center. Data were collected through face-to-face interview using a structured questionnaire...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516464/the-blood-donation-ambivalence-survey-measuring-conflicting-attitudes-about-giving-blood
#12
K R Fox, L K Himawan, C R France
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to develop and conduct initial validation testing for a novel measure of ambivalence about donating blood. BACKGROUND: Previous studies of living organ, bone marrow and stem cell donors have identified donation-related ambivalence as a predictor of decisions about donation and post-donation outcomes. Ambivalence about blood donation has not received the same attention. METHODS: In Study 1, a sample of young adults (N = 396) were administered test items of ambivalence, and exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were performed to identify the Blood Donation Ambivalence Survey...
May 18, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503345/awareness-and-attitudes-toward-organ-donation-in-rural-puducherry-india
#13
K L Balajee, N Ramachandran, L Subitha
BACKGROUND: For many of the end-stage organ diseases, organ transplantation is the most preferred treatment. The need for the organ transplantation is higher than the availability. For the transplantation program to be successful, awareness regarding organ donation is needed and people must have a positive attitude toward donating organs. AIM: This study aims to assess the awareness and attitudes regarding organ donation among the rural population and to evaluate the sociodemographic factors associated with their awareness...
September 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457360/analysis-of-the-organ-offers-received-from-european-union-countries-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-a-dedicated-information-technology-portal-the-coorenor-foedus-portal
#14
D Peritore, L Rizzato, P Di Ciaccio, S Trapani, C Carella, A Oliveti, A Rizzo, A Nanni Costa
INTRODUCTION: To optimize the use of nontransplantable organs in their own territory, the European Commission, as part of a project led by Italy, has promoted the use of an information technology (IT) portal, the COORENOR portal, developed by the Czech Republic in 2012, which evolved to become FOEDUS in 2015. METHODS: To evaluate the impact of the portal on our reality, we analyzed the number and type of offers received and organs imported in the previous 48 months (period A) as well as the 48 months after the introduction of the portal (period B)...
May 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437367/-effective-requesting-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature-on-asking-families-to-consent-to-organ-and-tissue-donation
#15
Jennifer A Chandler, Matthew Connors, Giles Holland, Sam D Shemie
BACKGROUND: Families are often asked to consent to the donation of their deceased relative's organs or tissues. These end-of-life conversations are important because they affect consent rates as well as the psychological impact of the decision for families. This scoping review of the literature on requesting family consent was prepared to support of the development of leading practice recommendations for end-of-life conversations with families of potential donors. A scoping review maps research activity in a field across a range of commentary and empirical study designs but does not attempt meta-synthesis of empirical data or quality assessment...
May 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420910/awareness-and-attitudes-towards-organ-donation-among-medical-students-at-king-abdulaziz-university-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#16
Zaid Sayedalamin, Muhammad Imran, Osama Almutairi, Mohammed Lamfon, Majd Alnawwar, Mukhtiar Baig
OBJECTIVE: To assess awareness and attitude of medical students about organ donation. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, and comprised medical students. The participants were asked about their religious and other beliefs towards organ donation, their reasons for not donating organs, and their personal opinions about organ donation through a questionnaire. SPSS 21 was used for data analysis...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390109/vascularized-composite-allograft-vca-donation-and-transplantation-a-survey-of-public-attitudes-in-the-united-states
#17
James R Rodrigue, David Tomich, Aaron Fleishman, Alexandra K Glazier
Vascularized composite allograft (VCA) transplantation has emerged as a groundbreaking surgical intervention to return identity and function following traumatic injury, congenital deformity, or disfigurement. While public attitudes toward traditional organ/tissue donation are favorable, little is known about attitudes toward VCA donation and transplantation. A survey was conducted of 1,485 U.S. residents in August 2016 to assess VCA donation attitudes. Participants also completed the Revised Health Care System Distrust Scale...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278612/complementary-public-service-announcements-as-a-strategy-for-enhancing-the-impact-of-health-promoting-messages-in-fictional-television-programs
#18
Lynda M Bavin, R Glynn Owens
Research suggests that health-promoting storylines in developed nations' fictional television programs can have a beneficial impact on viewers' beliefs, attitudes, intentions, or behaviors. The sizes of the effects are generally modest; however, the audience reach is substantial. Given that many fictional programs may hold the prolonged attention of millions of viewers, it is of value to examine potential strategies for enhancing the persuasive impact of their health-promoting storylines. Complementary public service announcements may be a promising strategy...
February 17, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165540/attitudes-towards-organ-donation-and-relation-to-wish-to-donate-posthumously
#19
Julius Weiss, David Shaw, Roger Schober, Viviana Abati, Franz F Immer, Comité National du Don d'Organes Cndo
BACKGROUND: Organs donated for transplantation remain a scarce resource in Switzerland. One of the reasons for this situation is the high percentage of patients or families who refuse to consent to donation. This study aimed to provide an overview of attitudes towards organ donation among Swiss residents, including any intention to donate organs after death, and whether they had already declared their wish and/or communicated it to anyone. METHODS: A representative poll investigating the attitude of the Swiss population towards deceased organ donation was conducted between 16 and 28 March 2015...
February 6, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098107/knowledge-and-attitude-towards-organ-donation-among-adult-population-in-al-kharj-saudi-arabia
#20
Sandeep Agrawal, Saud Binsaleem, Mohammed Al-Homrani, Abdullaziz Al-Juhayim, Abdullah Al-Harbi
Organ transplantation is a lifesaving treatment for patients with end-stage organ failure. Despite the advanced medical science and technology, shortage of organs had led to a growing gap between the demand for organs and the number of donors. With a limited number of studies on the subject and based on those findings, the public knowledge and attitudes must be assessed to understand more clearly that why many people are opposing donating their organs in Saudi Arabia. The objective of our study was to assess the knowledge and attitude of the adult population toward organ donation in Saudi Arabia...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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