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Attitude organ donation

Ali A Al Bshabshe, Javed Iqbal Wani, Imran Rangreze, Mohammed Ali M Asiry, Haitham Mansour, Alhassan Gaba'n Ahmed, Jabber Madi Assiri
The gap between demand and supply of organs continues. No country has found a concrete solution for tackling this problem. We attempted to evaluate the general information and attitude of university students in their primary basic science stage, when they did not receive special education regarding brain death and organ donation in Saudi Arabia. Since they were from different cities with different cultures and values, we believe that we could assess the educational needs of future doctors and paramedical staff, to help them gain enough competence for solving the concerns of the population at large...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
M Mikla, A Rios, A Lopez-Navas, B Gorzkowicz, D Kilanska, L Martinez-Alarcón, G Ramis, P Ramirez, M J Lopez Montesinos
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation from living donors (LLD) has become a viable and important source of liver grafts. The objective of this study was to analyze the attitude of nursing students at the Pomeranian Medical University in Poland on donation of live liver, and to determine the factors that affect it. METHODS: Academic year 2011-2012, nursing students at a university in Poland, sampling points in 5 compulsory-attendance nursing courses with a completion rate of 80%, validated questionnaire (PCID-DVH Rios) filled out anonymously and self-administered...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
M Mikla, A Rios, A Lopez-Navas, K Klimaszewska, E Krajewska-Kulak, L Martinez-Alarcón, G Ramis, P Ramirez, M J Lopez Montesinos
BACKGROUND: Nursing students, as future professionals, have an enormous impact on the opinion of the rest of the population on topics of organ donation and transplantation (ODT). The objective of this study was to analyze the attitudes of nursing students at the University of Bialystok toward ODT, and to determine the factors that affect ithemt. METHODS: Academic year 2011-2012. STUDY POPULATION: nursing students at the University of Bialystok...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
M Mikla, A Rios, A Lopez-Navas, J Gotlib, D Kilanska, L Martinez-Alarcón, G Ramis, P Ramirez, M J Lopez Montesinos
BACKGROUND: The knowledge and acceptance of the concept of brain death among future health professionals is essential. The objective of this study was to analyze the knowledge of the concept of brain death among nursing students at the Medical University of Warsaw and determine the factors that affect it. METHODS: Academic year 2011-2012, nursing students of the University of Poland. Sampling points in 5 compulsory-attendance nursing courses with a completion rate >80%...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
M Mikla, A Rios, A Lopez-Navas, D Kilanska, B Gorzkowicz, L Martinez-Alarcón, G Ramis, P Ramirez, M J Lopez Montesinos
BACKGROUND: The shortage of organs has made it necessary to look for new alternatives as xenotransplantation. The objective of this study was to analyze the attitudes of Polish nursing students toward organ donation of nonhuman origin, and to determine the factors that affect them. METHODS: Year 2011-2012. Nursing students of the University of Poland. Sampling points in 5 compulsory-attendance nursing courses with a completion rate of fulfillment of 80%. Validated questionnaire (PCID-XenoTx Rios) filled out anonymously and self-administered...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
W M Hajjar, S A Bin Abdulqader, S S Aldayel, A W Alfardan, N I Alzaidy
BACKGROUND: Organ transplantation is the optimal treatment for end-stage organ diseases. The demand for organs has exceeded the available supply, which becomes a major obstacle worldwide. Identifying the factors affecting this gap will help in overcoming this obstacle. The purpose of the work was to study the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of organ donation and to determine the knowledge of brain death among social media users. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among social media users living in Saudi Arabia...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
J Czerwiński, P Malanowski, M Kosieradzki, M Jonas, A Jakubowska-Winecka
BACKGROUND: Monitoring of attitudes toward deceased donation gives the general view of the acceptance of this treatment but does not allow for precise prediction of single person's behavior. Consistency of actions and attitudes has many determinants, personal and situational. The idea of this study was to assess and compare relationships between behaviors and attitudes toward postmortem organ donation in single districts and between larger regions of the country (west and east). METHODS: Indicators calculated for the years 1996-2014 included the number of potential deceased donors (per million population [pmp]/y), the number of objections registered in the refusal registry (pmp), and the number and percentage of family refusals to donation...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
John D Cull, Tara L Spivey, Vidyaratna A Fleetwood, Benjamin M Manning, Edie Y Chan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Surgeon
Minoru Murakami, Shingo Fukuma, Masaya Ikezoe, Chizuko Iizuka, Satoshi Izawa, Yosuke Yamamoto, Shin Yamazaki, Shunichi Fukuhara
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the effect of education programs on changing attitudes and behaviors of participants and their families toward deceased organ donation. METHODS: The subjects of this randomized trial were Japanese nursing students who were not previously designated organ donors. They were randomly assigned to either the education program or information booklet group. The program comprised a lecture followed by group discussion and information booklet...
September 13, 2016: Clinical Transplantation
Yenework Acham Jemberu, Ahmed Esmael, Kedir Y Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Although the demand for blood supply has progressively increased in developing countries, evidences indicate that there is a major shortage of blood and blood products in these countries, particularly in Ethiopia. Thus, identifying motivational factors affecting blood donation and recruitment of safe and low risk donors is necessary. For this reason, the study aimed at assessing knowledge, attitude, and practice towards blood donation and its associated factors. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in Debre Markos town from February to April, 2015...
2016: BMC Hematology
Niels Christian Hvidt, Beate Mayr, Piret Paal, Eckhard Frick, Anna Forsberg, Arndt Büssing
Background. Significant facilitators and barriers to organ donation and transplantation remain in the general public and even in health professionals. Negative attitudes of HPs have been identified as the most significant barrier to actual ODT. The purpose of this paper was hence to investigate to what extent HPs (physicians and nurses) experience such facilitators and barriers in ODT and to what extent they are intercorrelated. We thus combined single causes to circumscribed factors of respective barriers and facilitators and analyzed them for differences regarding profession, gender, spiritual/religious self-categorization, and self-estimated knowledge of ODT and their mutual interaction...
2016: Journal of Transplantation
Jonathan Merola, Kevin Pei, Manuel I Rodriguez-Davalos, Geliang Gan, Yanhong Deng, David C Mulligan, Kimberly A Davis
Organ shortage remains a major barrier to transplantation. While many efforts have focused on educating the general population regarding donation, few studies have examined knowledge regarding donation and donor registration rates among waitlisted candidates. We aimed to determine waitlisted patients' willingness to donate, elucidate attitudes surrounding organ allocation, and identify barriers to donation. A cross-sectional survey was distributed to assess demographics, knowledge regarding organ donation, and attitudes regarding the allocation process...
September 1, 2016: Clinical Transplantation
T B Rabiu, H A Oshola, B O Adebayo
BACKGROUND: Organ transplantation is a developing field in Nigeria, and availability of organs for donation would be a determining factor of the success of the transplant programs. Patients with brainstem death (BSD) are a major source of organs for transplantation. The level of knowledge of BSD as well as attitudes toward organ donation are very important determinants of people's willingness or otherwise to donate organs. We conducted a survey of relations of our in-service neurosurgical patients to assess their knowledge of brainstem death and attitude toward organ donation...
July 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Luo Aijing, Xie Wenzhao, Wei Wei, Wan Qiquan, Deng Xuantong
BACKGROUND China officially launched a pilot program of organ donation after cardiac death to overcome the shortage of available organs since 2011. Voluntary organ donation by deceased citizens became the only source of transplant organs beginning January 1, 2015. To investigate public opinions on organ donation by deceased donors, and discuss the effect of these opinions on the willingness and attitude of the public regarding voluntary organ donation. MATERIAL AND METHODS We designed a questionnaire. The survey was conducted from December 2014 to January 2015 in Changsha City, and 417 valid questionnaires were recovered...
2016: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
Ann M Andrews, Nanhua Zhang, Caitlin Buechley, Remonia Chapman, Jennifer L Guillen, John C Magee, Ken Resnicow
UNLABELLED: This study reports the psychometric properties and correlates of a measure of organ donation attitudes and practices for African Americans. METHODS: We surveyed 736 members from 14 alumni chapters of historically African American sororities and fraternities in Michigan. We constructed subscales and compared subscale values with two variables related to donation status: 1) enrollment status in the state donor registry, and 2) intentions for future enrollment...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Mulugeta Melku, Betelihem Terefe, Fikir Asrie, Bamlaku Enawgaw, Tadele Melak, Yakob Gebregziabher Tsegay, Mohamedamin Areba, Elias Shiferaw
Background. Though World Health Organization recommends 100% voluntary blood donation, the percentage of blood collected from voluntary blood donors and the average annual blood collection rate are extremely low in Ethiopia. The role of adults is crucial to meet the demand of safe blood. Thus, this study aimed to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of adult population towards blood donation in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia. Method. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 768 adults...
2016: Journal of Blood Transfusion
Ferid Krupic, Arkan S Sayed-Noor, Nabi Fatahi
BACKGROUND: Transplantation of organs is one of the most successful medical advances of the past 60 years and transplantation is the treatment of choice for severe organ failure worldwide. Despite this situation, and the general acknowledgement of organ donation as a global priority, demand for organs outstrips supply in virtually every country in the world. AIM: The aim of the study was to elucidate factors that influence immigrant's decisions regarding organ donation...
August 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Rotimi Oluyombo, Bimbo Michael Fawale, Olusegun Adesola Busari, Jeffery Olarinde Ogunmola, Timothy Olusegun Olanrewaju, Callistus Adewale Akinleye, Rufus Wale Ojewola, Musah Yusuf, Omotola Obajolowo, Michael Soje, Babajide Gbadegesin
UNLABELLED: The global increase in end organ failure but disproportional shortage of organ donation calls for attention. Expanding the organ pool by assessing and improving health workers' attitude at all levels of care may be a worthwhile initiative. METHODS: A questionnaire-based cross sectional study involving tertiary, secondary, and primary health institutions in Southwestern Nigeria was conducted. RESULTS: Age range was 18 to 62 (36...
January 2016: Transplantation Direct
G Kobus, P Reszec, J S Malyszko, J Małyszko
INTRODUCTION: Organ donation and transplantology are receiving more and more support and approval all over the world every year. However, there remains a considerable and growing difference between the number of patients awaiting transplantation and the number of donors. The aim of the work was to find out the opinions and attitudes of university students concerning organ donation and transplantology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our poll surveyed 405 students from 2 universities (Medical University of Białystok [MU] and Białystok University of Technology [UT])...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
G Kobus, J S Malyszko, Jolanta Małyszko
BACKGROUND: Religious issues may be a significant reason for the lack of organs for transplantation. Younger people have a more enthusiastic attitude toward organ donation. The goal of the present study was to determine whether age and religion affect people's attitudes to organ transplantation. METHODS: This trial was a diagnostic poll study using an original survey questionnaire involving 1273 people living in Podlaskie Voivodeship. RESULTS: Treatment with the use of organs from dead donors was approved by 88...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
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