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Attitude organ donation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766774/factors-associated-with-health-care-professionals-attitude-toward-the-presumed-consent-system
#1
Makmor Tumin, Khaled Tafran, NurulHuda Mohd Satar, Ng Kok Peng, Rishya Manikam, Tang Li Yoong, Chong Mei Chan
OBJECTIVES: This paper explores health care professionals' potential attitude toward organ donation if the presumed consent system were to be implemented in Malaysia, as well as factors associated with this attitude. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used self-administered questionnaires to investigate the attitude of 382 health care professionals from the University of Malaya Medical Center between January and February 2014. The responses were analyzed using logistic regression...
May 16, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731091/a-study-on-nursing-students-knowledge-attitude-and-educational-needs-for-brain-death-organ-transplantation-and-donation-and-intent-to-donate-organs
#2
M K Ju, M K Sim, S Y Son
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the knowledge, attitude, educational needs, and will of nursing students on organ donation from brain-dead donors. METHODS: Data were collected by using a 40-item questionnaire to measure knowledge, attitude, educational needs, and will for organ donation of 215 nursing college students in one university in Dangjin city from May 11 to May 31, 2017. The data were analyzed using SPSS 22 program (Data Solution Inc, Seoul)...
May 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731090/police-officers-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-brain-death-and-organ-donation-in-korea
#3
H S Kim, Y S Yoo, O-H Cho, C E Lee, Y-H Choi, H J Kim, J Y Park, H S Park, Y J Kwon
BACKGROUND: Administrative processing by the police may affect the process involved in organ donation in the event of an accidental brain injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of police toward brain-dead donors and organ donation. METHODS: This was a descriptive research study using a 41-item questionnaire. As of July 19, 2017, 11 police stations in Seoul had collected questionnaires completed by 115 police officers. Data were analyzed using SAS (version 9...
May 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706233/effects-of-peer-education-on-attitudes-toward-organ-donation-in-nursing-students
#4
Y S Ordin, B A Söylemez
BACKGROUND: Nurses play an effective role in the identification of donors and in the families' decision-making processes related to organ donation. It is recommended that nursing students be offered specific education regarding organ donation and transplantation. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of peer education on attitudes toward organ donation and the rate of attaining a donor card in undergraduate nursing students. METHODS: This study was a quasi-experimental trial in a single group conducted between February 2016 and October 2016...
April 26, 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692744/an-integrated-psychosocial-model-of-relatives-decision-about-deceased-organ-donation-imrod-joining-pieces-of-the-puzzle
#5
REVIEW
Jorge S López, Maria Soria-Oliver, Begoña Aramayona, Rubén García-Sánchez, José M Martínez, María J Martín
Organ transplantation remains currently limited because the demand for organs far exceeds the supply. Though organ procurement is a complex process involving social, organizational, and clinical factors, one of the most relevant limitations of organ availability is family refusal to donate organs of a deceased relative. In the past decades, a remarkable corpus of evidence about the factors conditioning relatives' consent has been generated. However, research in the field has been carried out mainly by means of merely empirical approaches, and only partial attempts have been made to integrate the existing empirical evidence within conceptual and theoretically based frameworks...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684002/how-should-social-media-be-used-in-transplantation-a-survey-of-the-american-society-of-transplant-surgeons
#6
Macey L Henderson, Joel T Adler, Sarah E Van Pilsum Rasmussen, Alvin G Thomas, Patrick D Herron, Madeleine M Waldram, Jessica M Ruck, Tanjala S Purnell, Sandra R DiBrito, Courtenay M Holscher, Christine E Haugen, Yewande Alimi, Jonathan M Konel, Ann K Eno, Jacqueline M Garonzik Wang, Elisa J Gordon, Krista L Lentine, Randolph L Schaffer, Andrew M Cameron, Dorry L Segev
BACKGROUND: Social media platforms are increasingly used in surgery and have shown promise as effective tools to promote deceased donation and expand living donor transplantation. There is growing need to understand how social media-driven communication is perceived by providers in the field of transplantation. METHODS: We surveyed 299 members of the American Society of Transplant Surgeons (ASTS) about their use of, attitudes toward, and perceptions of social media and analyzed relationships between responses and participant characteristics...
April 21, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662051/-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-organ-donation-among-health-professionals-in-a-third-level-hospital
#7
Alejandro Montero Salinas, Santiago Martínez-Isasi, Eva Fieira Costa, Antón Fernández García, Diana Josefa Castro Dios, Daniel Fernández García
OBJECTIVE: The Spanish model is the model adopted by many countries to increase their donation rate, being the implication of the healthcare professionals one of the keys to this success. The attitude of these before the donation is crucial for the hour of influence on the population. Organ transplantation has been established as an effective treatment that has been improving over the years. The objective was to determine the knowledge and attitudes of health professionals before the donation of organs...
April 18, 2018: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657835/what-does-patient-engagement-mean-for-canadian-national-transplant-research-program-researchers
#8
Julie Allard, Fabián Ballesteros, Samantha J Anthony, Vincent Dumez, David Hartell, Greg Knoll, Linda Wright, Marie-Chantal Fortin
Plain English summary: In recent years, the importance of involving patients in research has been increasingly recognized because it increases the relevance and quality of research, facilitates recruitment, enhances public trust and allows for more effective dissemination of results. The Canadian National Transplant Research Program (CNTRP) is an interdisciplinary research team looking at a variety of issues related to organ and tissue donation and transplantation. The aim of this study was to gather the perspectives of CNTRP researchers on engaging patients in research...
2018: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616592/attitudes-of-intensive-care-and-emergency-physicians-in-australia-with-regard-to-the-organ-donation-process-a-qualitative-analysis
#9
Emily Macvean, Eva Yn Yuen, Gregory Tooley, Heather M Gardiner, Tess Knight
Specialized hospital physicians have direct capacity to impact Australia's sub-optimal organ donation rates because of their responsibility to identify and facilitate donation opportunities. Australian physicians' attitudes toward this responsibility are examined. A total of 12 intensive care unit and three emergency department physicians were interviewed using a constructionist grounded theory and situational analysis approach. A major theme emerged, related to physicians' conflicts of interest in maintaining patients'/next-of-kin's best interests and a sense of duty-of-care in this context...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611143/biospecimen-education-among-pacific-islanders-in-southern-california
#10
Nasya S Tan, Harold Custodio, Mandy LaBreche, Cleo Carlos Fex, Vanessa Tui'one May, Jane Ka'ala Pang, Victor Kaiwi Pang, Lola Sablan-Santos, Tupou Toilolo, Alisi Tulua, Dorothy Schmidt Vaivao, Melanie Sabado-Liwag, James Russell Pike, Bin Xie, Patchareeya P Kwan, Paula Healani Palmer, Sora Park Tanjasiri
Despite increasing rates of cancer, biospecimen donations for cancer research remains low among Pacific Islanders (PIs). To address this disparity, researchers partnered with PI community organizations to develop and test a theory-based culturally tailored educational intervention designed to raise awareness about the issues surrounding biospecimen research. A total of 219 self-identified PI adults in Southern California were recruited to participate in a one-group pre-post design study. Participants completed questionnaires that assessed their knowledge and attitude regarding biospecimen research before and after viewing an educational video and receiving print materials...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593894/validation-of-a-survey-questionnaire-on-organ-donation-an-arabic-world-scenario
#11
Rajvir Singh, Tulika Mehta Agarwal, Hassan Al-Thani, Yousuf Al Maslamani, Ayman El-Menyar
Objective: To validate a questionnaire for measuring factors influencing organ donation and transplant. Methods: The constructed questionnaire was based on the theory of planned behavior by Ajzen Icek and had 45 questions including general inquiry and demographic information. Four experts on the topic, Arabic culture, and the Arabic and English languages established content validity through review. It was quantified by content validity index (CVI). Construct validity was established by principal component analysis (PCA), whereas internal consistency was checked by Cronbach's Alpha and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC)...
2018: Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579842/teenagers-and-their-future-role-in-transplantation-an-analysis-of-their-attitudes-toward-solid-organ-xenotransplantation
#12
B Febrero, A Ríos, A López-Navas, L Martínez-Alarcón, J Almela, G Ramis, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
INTRODUCTION: It is important to determine the level of social acceptance of xenotransplantation, especially in places where there are preclinical xenotransplantation projects. In this sense, it is important to know the attitude of teenagers, given that their attitude could have an influence on this kind of donation in the future. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to analyze the attitudes of teenagers toward xenotransplantation and to determine the variables affecting their attitudes...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579841/importance-for-the-elderly-of-discussion-in-the-family-and-society-about-attitude-toward-organ-donation
#13
B Febrero, J Almela, R Febrero, A Ríos, M R González, P J Gil, D Ferreras, I Ros, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
BACKGROUND: The aging of the population has changed some of the approaches to the organ donation and transplant (ODT) process, such as considering elderly people as potential donors. We aimed to assess social and family discussions among the elderly about ODT and its effect on their attitude toward organ donation. METHODS: A study was carried out at 2 publicly-funded social centers for the elderly. Contact was made with individuals >65 years of age (n = 120) to seek their participation in the study...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579840/teenagers-in-rural-areas-faced-with-organ-donation-and-transplantation
#14
B Febrero, J Almela, A Ríos, I Ros, B Pérez-Sánchez, L Martínez-Alarcón, P Ruiz-Carreño, D Ferreras, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
INTRODUCTION: In rural areas it is common to find unfavorable attitudes toward organ donation, and therefore it is important to find out the attitude and profile of new generations for improving predisposition to organ donation in these areas. Our objective was to analyze the attitude toward organ donation and the related variables of teenagers in a rural area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Students in the final year of compulsory education (mostly 15-16 years of age) were selected from secondary schools in a rural area in southeastern Spain (n = 319; population density <300 inhabitants/km2 )...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579805/multivariate-analysis-of-factors-that-influence-the-attitude-of-the-ecuadorian-population-resident-in-spain-toward-living-related-kidney-donation
#15
A Ríos, A I López-Navas, Á Sánchez, M A Ayala, G Garrido, M J Sebastián, J Flores-Medina, L Martinez-Alarcon, G Ramis, A M Hernández, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
BACKGROUND: The Ecuadorian population is the largest Latin-American immigrant group in Spain. Currently, several Ecuadorians have received transplants or are awaiting transplants in Spain. The aim of this work was to analyze the attitude toward living kidney donation among the Ecuadorian population residing in Spain. METHODS: The population screened were born in Ecuador, residing in Spain, and >15 years old, stratified by gender and age, and appraised with the use of the questionnaire on attitude toward organ donation for transplantation "PCID-DVR-Ríos...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579804/attitude-toward-organ-donation-and-transplantation-in-veterinary-students-a-multicenter-and-stratified-study-in-spain
#16
L Martínez-Alarcón, A Ríos, G Ramis, J Gómez-Laguna, X Moll, V Falceto, F San Román-Acaso, F San Román-Llorens, J J Quereda, J M Herrero-Medrano, L Mendonça, J L Martin-Barrasa, O M Fernández, A I López-Navas, A M Hernández, A Muñoz, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
BACKGROUND: Veterinarians often hold decision-making positions in the public health care system and can therefore influence public opinion about organ donation and transplantation (ODT). The aim of this work was to analyze the attitude of Spanish veterinary students toward ODT, because they may influence public opinion in the future, and to determine the factors that condition it. METHODS: This was a sociologic, interdisciplinary, multicenter, observational study in Spain...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579803/attitude-toward-organ-donation-related-to-personal-preferences-for-the-final-disposition-of-the-dead-body-in-nursing-students-in-southeast-spain
#17
L Martínez-Alarcón, A Ríos, A I López-Navas, A Sáez-Acosta, G Ramis, A M Hernández, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
INTRODUCTION: In organ donation and transplantation (ODT) and in nursing students, it is important to know the preferences about the final destination of the body once deceased. Whether these future professionals are afraid of this issue could influence their attitude toward ODT and future donation rates. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the attitude of nursing students toward cremation, burial, and autopsy and to determine the factors affecting this attitude. METHODS: A sociologic, interdisciplinary, multicenter, and observational study included nursing diploma students (n = 750) from 2010 to 2011 at 3 universities in the southeast of Spain...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579801/guinean-population-emigrant-to-spain-has-very-little-awareness-of-the-donation-and-transplantation-of-organs
#18
A Ríos, J Carrillo, A I López-Navas, L Martínez-Alarcón, M A Ayala, G Garrido, G Ramis, A M Hernández, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
INTRODUCTION: The Guinean population is an emerging group in Europe, but the group's awareness of organ donation and transplantation has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the attitude toward organ donation among the population born in Guinea living in Spain. METHODS: The population older than 15 years, born in Guinea, and resident in Spain was studied, stratified by age and sex, according to census data and immigrant assistance associations...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579800/psychometric-characteristics-of-the-attitude-questionnaire-toward-the-donation-of-organs-for-transplant-pcid-dto-rios
#19
A Ríos, A I López-Navas, C De-Francisco, Á Sánchez, A M Hernández, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
INTRODUCTION: Most psychosocial attitude studies for donors are not evaluated and are not valid. Validated questionnaires are necessary to compare results and guarantee that they measure what they are intended to measure. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the psychometric characteristics of the attitude questionnaire toward the donation of one's own organs after death. We evaluated PCID-DTO RIOS (Questionnaire of "Proyecto Colaborativo Internacional Donante" about organ donation and transplant; donación y trasplante de órganos in Spanish), developed by Dr Ríos, for its validation in a Spanish-speaking population...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579798/approach-of-social-groups-with-little-sensitization-to-organ-donation-pilot-study-in-the-gypsy-population-to-assess-the-best-approach-to-determine-the-attitude-toward-organ-donation-for-transplantation
#20
A Ríos, S López-Gómez, A I López-Navas, J Belmonte, Á Sánchez, L Martínez-Alarcón, A M Hernández, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
BACKGROUND: There are social groups with very low donation rates, and action is needed to try to reverse this situation. The goal of this study was to determine which approach is the best to use with the gypsy population in Spain to determine their attitude toward organ donation. METHODS: The study population screened was the adult gypsy population resident in Spain. An attitude questionnaire regarding organ donation for transplant ("PCID-DTO Ríos: Questionnaire of "Proyecto Colaborativo Internacional Donante" about Organ Donation and Transplant [developed by Dr...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
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