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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450202/the-european-respiratory-society-course-on-acute-respiratory-pandemics-how-to-plan-for-and-manage-them
#1
REVIEW
Adekunle Olatayo Adeoti, Sierk Marbus
Learn about the @ERStalk course on acute respiratory pandemics http://ow.ly/XGe430i7743.
January 2018: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446343/cost-utility-analysis-of-antiviral-use-under-pandemic-influenza-using-a-novel-approach-linking-pharmacology-epidemiology-and-heath-economics
#2
D B C Wu, N Chaiyakunapruk, C Pratoomsoot, K K C Lee, H Y Chong, R E Nelson, P F Smith, C M Kirkpatrick, M A Kamal, K Nieforth, G Dall, S Toovey, D C M Kong, A Kamauu, C R Rayner
Simulation models are used widely in pharmacology, epidemiology and health economics (HEs). However, there have been no attempts to incorporate models from these disciplines into a single integrated model. Accordingly, we explored this linkage to evaluate the epidemiological and economic impact of oseltamivir dose optimisation in supporting pandemic influenza planning in the USA. An HE decision analytic model was linked to a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) - dynamic transmission model simulating the impact of pandemic influenza with low virulence and low transmissibility and, high virulence and high transmissibility...
February 15, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446233/annual-estimates-of-the-burden-of-seasonal-influenza-in-the-united-states-a-tool-for-strengthening-influenza-surveillance-and-preparedness
#3
Melissa A Rolfes, Ivo M Foppa, Shikha Garg, Brendan Flannery, Lynnette Brammer, James A Singleton, Erin Burns, Daniel Jernigan, Sonja J Olsen, Joseph Bresee, Carrie Reed
BACKGROUND: Estimates of influenza disease burden are broadly useful for public health, helping national and local authorities monitor epidemiologic trends, plan and allocate resources, and promote influenza vaccination. Historically, estimates of the burden of seasonal influenza in the United States, focused mainly on influenza-related mortality and hospitalization, were generated every few years. Since the 2010-2011 influenza season, annual US influenza burden estimates have been generated and expanded to include estimates of influenza-related outpatient medical visits and symptomatic illness in the community...
February 14, 2018: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441119/diagnosis-monitoring-and-prevention-of-exposure-related-non-communicable-diseases-in-the-living-and-working-environment-dimopex-project-is-designed-to-determine-the-impacts-of-environmental-exposure-on-human-health
#4
REVIEW
Lygia Therese Budnik, Balazs Adam, Maria Albin, Barbara Banelli, Xaver Baur, Fiorella Belpoggi, Claudia Bolognesi, Karin Broberg, Per Gustavsson, Thomas Göen, Axel Fischer, Dorota Jarosinska, Fabiana Manservisi, Richard O'Kennedy, Johan Øvrevik, Elizabet Paunovic, Beate Ritz, Paul T J Scheepers, Vivi Schlünssen, Heidi Schwarzenbach, Per E Schwarze, Orla Sheils, Torben Sigsgaard, Karel Van Damme, Ludwine Casteleyn
The WHO has ranked environmental hazardous exposures in the living and working environment among the top risk factors for chronic disease mortality. Worldwide, about 40 million people die each year from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) including cancer, diabetes, and chronic cardiovascular, neurological and lung diseases. The exposure to ambient pollution in the living and working environment is exacerbated by individual susceptibilities and lifestyle-driven factors to produce complex and complicated NCD etiologies...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437291/much-ado-about-flu-a-mixed-methods-study-of-parental-perceptions-trust-and-information-seeking-in-a-pandemic
#5
Catherine L King, Maria Y K Chow, Kerrie E Wiley, Julie Leask
BACKGROUND: Effective public health messaging is essential in both the planning phase and duration of a pandemic. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to gain an understanding of parental information seeking, trusted sources and needs in relation to pandemic influenza A 2009 (pH1N1) to inform future policy planning and resource development. PATIENTS/METHODS: We conducted a mixed methods study; parents from 16 childcare centres in Sydney, Australia, were surveyed between 16 November and 9 December 2009 and interviews were conducted with participants from six childcare centres between June 2009 and May 2011...
February 13, 2018: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433596/a-review-of-state-public-health-emergency-declarations-in-peru-2014-2016
#6
Celso Bambarén, Maria Del Socorro Alatrista
Peru has different legal mechanisms of emergency, one of which is the Public Health Emergency that is applicable when: there is high-risk for, or the existence of an outbreak, epidemic, or pandemic; the occurrence of cases of a disease classified as eliminated or eradicated; the occurrence of emerging or re-emerging infectious diseases with high epidemic potential; the occurrence of rapid disseminated epidemics that simultaneously affect more than one department; as well as the existence of an event that affects the continuity of health services...
February 13, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433129/-routine-vaccination-strategies-reactive-vaccination-and-pandemic-preparedness-and-response
#7
Giovanni Rezza
Vaccines represent the most important public health tools. In order to ensure the success of an effective and safe vaccine, it is important to implement adequate immunization strategies. Routine strategies, based on children immunization schedules, represent the most commonly utilized approach. Reactive immunization strategies may also be used and be effective especially in response to an outbreak; these strategies include both mass vaccination and ring vaccination, which relies on the identification and immunization of case contacts...
September 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421321/2017-international-meeting-of-the-global-virus-network
#8
REVIEW
Mike Catton, Glenda Gray, Diane Griffin, Hideki Hasegawa, Stephen Kent, Jason Mackenzie, Edward McSweegan, Natalia Mercer, Linfa Wang
The Global Virus Network (GVN) was established in 2011 to strengthen research and responses to emerging viral causes of human disease and to prepare against new viral pandemics. There are now 40 GVN Centers of Excellence and 6 Affiliate laboratories in 24 countries. The 2017 meeting was held from September 25-27 in Melbourne, Australia, and was hosted by the Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity and the Institut Pasteur. This report highlights the recent accomplishments of GVN researchers in several important areas of medical virology, including the recent Zika epidemic, infections by human papillomavirus, influenza, HIV, hepatitis C, HTLV-1, and chikungunya viruses, and new and emerging viruses in the Australasia region...
February 5, 2018: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412719/fostering-interprofessional-education-through-a-multidisciplinary-community-based-pandemic-mass-vaccination-exercise
#9
Annette Hays, Christopher Schriever, John Rudzinski, Janet L Lynch, Ellen Genrich, Allison Schriever
We expanded health care services to economically disadvantaged individuals in an interprofessional, student-driven vaccination effort that also served as a pandemic planning drill. Health care professional students from colleges in and around Rockford, Illinois participated in implementing a mass vaccination event from 2011 to 2014 that targeted the underserved population. There was a 459% increase in total vaccinations administered to at-risk patients from year 1 to year 4. This interprofessional health care student-driven effort expanded medical service to disadvantaged individuals...
March 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411137/isobavachalcone-inhibits-post-entry-stages-of-the-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-life-cycle
#10
Hai-Ming Wang, Tian-Xin Liu, Tong-Yun Wang, Gang Wang, Yong-Gang Liu, Si-Guo Liu, Yan-Dong Tang, Xue-Hui Cai
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is a pathogen of great economic significance that impacts the swine industry globally. Since the first report of a porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) outbreak, tremendous efforts to control this disease, including various national policies and plans incorporating the use of multiple modified live-virus vaccines, have been made. However, PRRSV is still a significant threat to the swine industry, and new variants continually emerge as a result of PRRSV evolution...
February 6, 2018: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362006/disaster-preparedness-in-primary-care-ready-or-not
#11
Micheleen Hashikawa, Katherine J Gold
Purpose To assess perceptions and attitudes toward disasters and disaster planning among outpatient primary care leaders. METHODS: Written surveys and semi-structured interviews of non-physician clinical managers and physician medical directors were conducted using the 2009 H1N1 pandemic as a case-based scenario at 5 university-affiliated family medicine clinics. Domains assessed included perceived pandemic threat; value, existence, and barriers to creating personal disaster plans; staff absenteeism estimates; barriers to work attendance...
January 24, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207825/global-search-trends-of-oral-problems-using-google-trends-from-2004-to-2016-an-exploratory-analysis
#12
Basavaraj Patthi, Jishnu Krishna Kumar, Ashish Singla, Ritu Gupta, Monika Prasad, Irfan Ali, Kuldeep Dhama, Lav Kumar Niraj
Introduction: Oral diseases are pandemic cause of morbidity with widespread geographic distribution. This technology based era has brought about easy knowledge transfer than traditional dependency on information obtained from family doctors. Hence, harvesting this system of trends can aid in oral disease quantification. Aim: To conduct an exploratory analysis of the changes in internet search volumes of oral diseases by using Google Trends© (GT©). Materials and Methods: GT© were utilized to provide real world facts based on search terms related to categories, interest by region and interest over time...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176589/australia-s-influenza-pandemic-preparedness-plans-an-analysis
#13
Ralf Itzwerth, Aye Moa, C Raina MacIntyre
We analysed Australian plans issued by the public sector and current at the time of the last human pandemic in 2009. They came from various levels of governance, and offered guidance in key domains. Using 13 established criteria, we rated 10 plans (national, state, and territorial) for their usefulness to guide health and medical intervention, business continuity, and crisis communication, plus consideration of at-risk populations. The intended end-user of most plans was not clear, whether hospital manager, health worker, or policy maker...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161824/special-issue-on-erice-mathcompepi-2015-proceedings
#14
Alberto d'Onofrio, Paola Cerrai, Piero Manfredi
The mathematical and computational modelling of the spread of infectious diseases is a research field in applied mathematics that in the same time was both able to give an impetum to various areas of the dynamical systems theory and mathematical analysis, and to give an important contribution to the biological and epidemiological understanding of the spread of these diseases. National as well as Inter-National health authorities adopt routinely in the practice methodologies and concept that were born in the field of Mathematical and Computational Epidemiology (MCE) for assisting public Health decisions and policies...
February 1, 2018: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering: MBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155652/cdc-support-for-global-public-health-emergency-management
#15
Daniel J Brencic, Meredith Pinto, Adrienne Gill, Michael H Kinzer, Luis Hernandez, Omer G Pasi
Recent pandemics and rapidly spreading outbreaks of infectious diseases have illustrated the interconnectedness of the world and the importance of improving the international community's ability to effectively respond. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), building on a strong foundation of lessons learned through previous emergencies, international recognition, and human and technical expertise, has aspired to support nations around the world to strengthen their public health emergency management (PHEM) capacity...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153067/-detection-of-influenza-virus-infections-by-molecular-and-immunofluorescence-methods
#16
Deniz Yıldırım, Deniz Özdoğru Sağdıç, Buket Şeflek, Mehmet Çimentepe, İbrahim Bayram, Fügen Yarkın
Influenza virus infections are extremely important for human health due to the occurence of seasonal epidemics and pandemics worldwide. Influenza is associated with high morbidity and may result in serious complications such as life threatening viral or bacterial pneumonia. Especially, young children, older adults, patients with chronic diseases such as heart, lung, kidney, and diabetes and immunosuppressed people are at higher risk for complications and death from influenza virus infections. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of influenza type A and B virus infections and influenza A virus subtypes in hospitalized patients with respiratory tract infections by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR, Sacace, Italy), conventional RT-PCR and direct immunofluorescence antibody (DFA, Argene SA, France) tests...
October 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145878/improving-readiness-for-recruitment-through-simulated-trial-activation-the-adjuvant-steroids-in-adults-with-pandemic-influenza-asap-trial
#17
Wei Shen Lim, Garry Meakin, Clare Brittain, Thomas Bewick, Lelia Duley
BACKGROUND: Research in public health emergencies requires trials to be set up in readiness for activation at short notice and in anticipation of limited timelines for patient recruitment. We conducted a simulated activation of a hibernating pandemic influenza clinical trial in order to test trial processes and to determine the value of such simulation in maintaining trial readiness. METHODS: The simulation involved the Nottingham Clinical Trials Unit, one participating hospital, one manufacturing unit and the Investigational Medicinal Product (IMP) supplier...
November 16, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134437/a-qualitative-stakeholder-analysis-of-avian-influenza-policy-in-bangladesh
#18
Kaushik Chattopadhyay, Guillaume Fournié, Md Abul Kalam, Paritosh K Biswas, Ahasanul Hoque, Nitish C Debnath, Mahmudur Rahman, Dirk U Pfeiffer, David Harper, David L Heymann
Avian influenza is a major animal and public health concern in Bangladesh. A decade after development and implementation of the first national avian influenza and human pandemic influenza preparedness and response plan in Bangladesh, a two-stage qualitative stakeholder analysis was performed in relation to the policy development process and the actual policy. This study specifically aimed to identify the future policy options to prevent and control avian influenza and other poultry-related zoonotic diseases in Bangladesh...
November 13, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058665/real-time-modelling-of-a-pandemic-influenza-outbreak
#19
Paul J Birrell, Richard G Pebody, André Charlett, Xu-Sheng Zhang, Daniela De Angelis
BACKGROUND: Real-time modelling is an essential component of the public health response to an outbreak of pandemic influenza in the UK. A model for epidemic reconstruction based on realistic epidemic surveillance data has been developed, but this model needs enhancing to provide spatially disaggregated epidemic estimates while ensuring that real-time implementation is feasible. OBJECTIVES: To advance state-of-the-art real-time pandemic modelling by (1) developing an existing epidemic model to capture spatial variation in transmission, (2) devising efficient computational algorithms for the provision of timely statistical analysis and (3) incorporating the above into freely available software...
October 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044369/law-as-a-fixture-between-the-one-health-interfaces-of-emerging-diseases
#20
Alexandra L Phelan, Lawrence O Gostin
A One Health approach calls for multisectoral and multi-institutional cooperation and partnership across the interfaces of human, animal and ecosystem health risks. Without strong governance, these interfaces risk detaching, leaving gaps in capacities to prevent, detect and respond to emerging and persisting public health threats. As a crucial component of governance, law can act as the fixture between interfaces. We examine some of the many forms and foci of law and propose that the process of law-making, implementation and evaluation can provide a benefit for strengthening law as a fixture between One Health interfaces...
June 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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