keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surgery AND residents

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775972/the-effect-on-performance-time-and-quality-of-the-knots-after-mono-or-bimanual-training-of-laparoscopic-intracorporeal-knot-tying-according-to-the-gladiator-rule-technique
#1
Fernanda de Almeida Asencio, Helizabet Abdala Salomão Ayroza Ribeiro, Armando Romeo, Arnauld Wattiez, Paulo Augusto Galvão Ayroza Ribeiro
OBJECTIVE:  To assess whether the monomanual or bimanual training of laparoscopic suture following the same technique may interfere with the knots' performance time and/or quality. METHODS:  A prospective observational study involving 41 resident students of gynecology/obstetrics and general surgery who attended a laparoscopic suture training for 2 days. The participants were divided into two groups. Group A performed the training using exclusively their dominant hand, and group B performed the training using both hands to tie the intracorporeal knot...
May 18, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773409/correlation-of-objective-assessment-data-with-general-surgery-resident-in-training-evaluation-reports-and-operative-volumes
#2
Jad M Abdelsattar, Yazan N AlJamal, Raaj K Ruparel, Phillip G Rowse, Stephanie F Heller, David R Farley
OBJECTIVE: Faculty evaluations, ABSITE scores, and operative case volumes often tell little about true resident performance. We developed an objective structured clinical examination called the Surgical X-Games (5 rooms, 15 minutes each, 12-15 tests total, different for each postgraduate [PGY] level). We hypothesized that performance in X-Games will prove more useful in identifying areas of strength or weakness among general surgery (GS) residents than faculty evaluations, ABSITE scores, or operative cases volumes...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772881/geographic-access-to-radiation-therapy-facilities-and-disparities-of-early-stage-breast-cancer-treatment
#3
Yan Lin, Michael C Wimberly, Patricia Da Rosa, Joseph Hoover, William F Athas
Few studies of breast cancer treatment have focused on the Northern Plains of the United States, an area with a high mastectomy rate. This study examined the association between geographic access to radiation therapy facilities and receipt of breast cancer treatments among early-stage breast cancer patients in South Dakota. Based on 4,209 early-stage breast cancer patients diagnosed between 2001 and 2012 in South Dakota, the study measured geographic proximity to radiation therapy facilities using the shortest travel time for patients to the closest radiation therapy facility...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771846/educational-exposure-to-transgender-patient-care-in-otolaryngology-training
#4
Benjamin B Massenburg, Shane D Morrison, Vania Rashidi, Craig Miller, David W Grant, Christopher S Crowe, Nathalia Velasquez, Justin R Shinn, Jacob E Kuperstock, Deepa J Galaiya, Scott R Chaiet, Amit D Bhrany
OBJECTIVE: Gender dysphoria is estimated to occur in over 1 million people in the United States. With decreasing stigma regarding the transgender population, it is likely more patients will seek medical and surgical gender transition as parts of their treatment. However, otolaryngologists may lack training in gender-confirming surgery. This study aims to determine the current state of transgender-related education in the United States otolaryngology training programs and to evaluate trainee perceptions regarding the importance of such training...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771369/building-the-burn-physician-workforce-for-the-21st-century-report-from-february-2014-burns-workforce-conference
#5
Amalia Cochran, David G Greenhalgh
American Burn Association Past President Palmer Q. Bessey, MD, orchestrated a Burn Workforce Conference in Washington, DC in February, 2014, with the goal of evaluating the workforce needs for doctors, nurses and occupational/physical therapists. This report summarizes the issues related to the need for training future surgeons to manage burn patients. General surgery and plastic surgery residents currently have minimal requirements for burn experience during their training. The respective Boards, however, do require knowledge in the management of burn care...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769058/efficacy-of-standardized-training-on-a-virtual-reality-simulator-to-advance-knee-and-shoulder-arthroscopic-motor-skills
#6
Stefan Rahm, Karl Wieser, David E Bauer, Felix Wa Waibel, Dominik C Meyer, Christian Gerber, Sandro F Fucentese
BACKGROUND: Most studies demonstrated, that training on a virtual reality based arthroscopy simulator leads to an improvement of technical skills in orthopaedic surgery. However, how long and what kind of training is optimal for young residents is unknown. In this study we tested the efficacy of a standardized, competency based training protocol on a validated virtual reality based knee- and shoulder arthroscopy simulator. METHODS: Twenty residents and five experts in arthroscopy were included...
May 16, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768730/biofilm-in-voice-prosthesis-a-prospective-cohort-study-and-laboratory-tests-using-sonication-and-sem-analysis
#7
Jacopo Galli, Lea Calo', Duino Meucci, Monica Giuliani, Daniela Lucidi, Gaetano Paludetti, Riccardo Torelli, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Claudio Parrilla
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare the biofilm growing pattern and its morphological extent on silicone and a teflon-like material using a sonication process and a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). DESIGN: A prospective cohort study and a laboratory study. SETTING: Otolaryngology -Head and Neck surgery Department and the Microbiology Institute. PARTICIPANTS: The participants included fifteen laryngectomized patients with phonatory prostheses, which were removed due to device failure, and two different kinds of phonatory prostheses from the laboratory (Provox 2 and ActiValve) that were artificially colonized by Candida albicans...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767689/commentary-on-plastic-surgery-resident-run-cosmetic-clinics-a-survey-of-current-practices
#8
Ali A Qureshi, Marissa M Tenenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765827/a-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-north-american-skull-base-society-current-practice-patterns-of-vestibular-schwannoma-evaluation-and-management-in-north-america
#9
Matthew L Carlson, Jamie J Van Gompel, R Mark Wiet, Nicole M Tombers, Anand K Devaiah, Devyani Lal, Jacques J Morcos, Michael J Link
Background  Very few studies have examined vestibular schwannoma (VS) management trends across centers and between providers. The objective of this study is to examine current practice trends, variance in treatment philosophies, and nuanced or controversial aspects of VS care across North America. Methods  This is a cross-sectional survey of North American Skull Base Society (NASBS) members who report regular involvement in VS care. Results  A total of 57 completed surveys were returned. Most respondents claimed to have over 20 years of experience and the majority reported working in an academic practice with an affiliated otolaryngology and/or neurosurgery residency program...
June 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762189/orthopaedic-resident-surgical-case-log-disparities-observed-in-the-next-accreditation-system
#10
Jonathan H Payne, Chad A Krueger, Jessica C Rivera, Patrick M Osborn
INTRODUCTION: With the institution of the Next Accreditation System (NAS), case log procedures fundamentally changed. Unless multiple entries are made, only one procedure per case is credited for procedure counts. We hypothesized that the NAS caused notable changes in national procedure data. METHODS: Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Orthopaedic Surgery Case Logs National Data Reports from 2008 to 2016 were analyzed to calculate differences in case log data before and after NAS implementation...
May 14, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759280/overlapping-surgery-a-case-study-in-operating-room-throughput-and-efficiency
#11
REVIEW
Amanda J Morris, Joseph A Sanford, Edward J Damrose, Samuel H Wald, Bassam Kadry, Alex Macario
A keystone of operating room (OR) management is proper OR allocation to optimize access, safety, efficiency, and throughput. Access is important to surgeons, and overlapping surgery may increase patient access to surgeons with specialized skill sets and facilitate the training of medical students, residents, and fellows. Overlapping surgery is commonly performed in academic medical centers, although recent public scrutiny has raised debate about its safety, necessitating monitoring. This article introduces a system to monitor overlapping surgery, providing a surgeon-specific Key Performance Indicator, and discusses overlapping surgery as an approach toward OR management goals of efficiency and throughput...
June 2018: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759029/burnout-in-otolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-a-single-academic-center-experience
#12
Katie Geelan-Hansen, Samantha Anne, Michael S Benninger
Burnout in modern medicine is becoming more recognized and researched. The objective in this study is to evaluate burnout in a tertiary care academic institution and compare results among faculty, trainees, and advanced practice practitioners (APPs) in a cross-sectional survey using the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Fifty-two surveys were distributed; 44 participants completed the survey (85%): 25 staff physicians (57%), 14 resident physicians (32%), and 5 nurse practitioners (11%). Staff physicians had low emotional exhaustion, moderate depersonalization, and low result for reduced personal accomplishments; trainees reported low emotional exhaustion, high depersonalization, and moderate reduced personal accomplishment; and nurse practitioners reported moderate on all 3 dimensions...
May 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750933/regional-thoracic-surgery-quality-collaboration-formation-providence-thoracic-surgery-initiative
#13
John R Handy, Kimberly Costas, Robert McKenna, Steven Nisco, Raymond Schaerf, Kenton Stephens, Eric Vallières, Kasia Konieczny, Roshanthi Weerasinghe, Mansen Wang, Katherine Lothrop, Cathy Betzer
BACKGROUND: Surgery quality initiatives improve clinical outcomes in cardiac and general surgery. No mature thoracic surgery (TS) regional effort has been described. METHODS: An intramural grant funded the Thoracic Surgery Initiative (TSI). Using professional organization, site specific administrative and clinical databases, surgeons performing TS across a large western health system were identified. Participants were recruited through stakeholder surveys, personal contact and meetings...
May 8, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749428/accumulation-of-cd69-tissue%C3%A2-resident-memory-t-cells-in-the-nasal-polyps-of-patients-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#14
Pascal Ickrath, Norbert Kleinsasser, Xin Ding, Christian Ginzkey, Niklas Beyersdorf, Rudolf Hagen, Thomas Kerkau, Stephan Hackenberg
In patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), a relative accumulation of cluster of differentiation (CD)8+ T cells over CD4+ T cells occurs in nasal polyps compared with the peripheral blood. Nasal CD8+ T cells and CD4+ T cells predominantly present an effector memory phenotype. Immunological studies have reported that memory T cells recirculate from the tissues to the peripheral blood and a high percentage of these T cells persist within the tissue. The aim of the present study was to characterize CD69+ sphingosine‑1‑phosphate receptor 1 (S1PR1)‑ tissue resident memory T cells (Trm) in the polyps of patients with CRSwNP...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748045/radiology-education-in-medical-school-and-residency-the-views-and-needs-of-program-directors
#15
Patrick T Schiller, Andrew W Phillips, Christopher M Straus
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The authors of this study used the perspectives of residency program directors (PDs) nationally to explore whether trainees are adequately prepared to utilize and interpret medical imaging as interns, to identify the types of imaging skills most important for residency, and to begin to address current shortcomings in radiology education. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors created a survey using a modified version of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education radiology milestones and sent it to 100 randomly selected PDs each in pediatrics, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, and general surgery...
May 7, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741715/forward-surgical-team-experience-fste-is-associated-with-increased-confidence-with-combat-surgeon-trauma-skills
#16
D Joshua Mancini, Brian P Smith, Travis M Polk, C William Schwab
Introduction: Little is known regarding the confidence of military surgeons prior to combat zone deployment. Military surgeons are frequently deployed without peers experienced in combat surgery. We hypothesized that forward surgical team experience (FSTE) increases surgeon confidence with critical skill sets. Methods: We conducted a national survey of military affiliated personnel. We used a novel survey instrument that was piloted and validated by experienced military surgeons to collect demographics, education, practice patterns, and confidence parameters for trauma and surgical critical care skills...
May 8, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733345/assessing-the-value-of-a-multimedia-based-aesthetic-curriculum-in-plastic-surgery-residency-a-single-center-pilot-study
#17
Joshua A David, William J Rifkin, Pierre B Saadeh, Sammy Sinno
Background: Although global demand for cosmetic surgery continues to rise, plastic surgery residents feel that current models of aesthetic training are inadequate in preparing them for future practice. Digital learning resources offer promising educational possibilities, yet there are no formal studies investigating the integration of these technologies into the aesthetic curriculum. Objectives: Here, we review the current state of aesthetic training for plastic surgery residents and present a pilot study investigating the value of a dedicated multimedia-based aesthetic curriculum at a single, large academic program...
May 4, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732726/functional-characterisation-of-the-osteoarthritis-genetic-risk-residing-at-aldh1a2-identifies-rs12915901-as-a-key-target-variant
#18
Colin Shepherd, Dongxing Zhu, Andrew J Skelton, Jennifer Combe, Harrison Threadgold, Linyi Zhu, Tonia L Vincent, Paul Stuart, Louise N Reynard, John Loughlin
OBJECTIVE: To identify the functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and mechanisms conferring increased hand osteoarthritis (OA) risk at the ALDH1A2 locus, which is a retinoic acid (RA) regulatory gene. METHODS: Tissues from 247 knee, hip or hand OA patients who had undergone joint surgery were included. RNA-sequencing was used to investigate differential expression of ALDH1A2 and other RA signalling pathway genes in cartilage. ALDH1A2 expression in multiple joint tissues was quantified by qPCR...
May 6, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732287/postgraduate-course-in-minimally-invasive-urological-surgery
#19
Antonio C H Mariotti, Fabio C M Torricelli, Weslley S Andrade, Anuar I Mitre, Marco A Arap
Background: Minimally invasive surgeries are increasingly common as the first option for most urological diseases. However, laparoscopic techniques are difficult to master, especially for surgeons who were not trained during their residency programs. Therefore, postgraduate courses are important for such matters. This study aims to evaluate the results of postgraduate courses in minimally invasive urological surgery. Methods: A specific questionnaire was used to evaluate the impact of the course on urologists' professional activities...
April 2018: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730181/wrist-arthroscopy-can-we-gain-proficiency-through-knee-arthroscopy-simulation
#20
Gabriella Ode, Bryan Loeffler, Robert Christopher Chadderdon, Nikkole Haines, Brian Scannell, Joshua Patt, Glenn Gaston
OBJECTIVE: Wrist arthroscopy is a challenging discipline with limited training exposure during residency. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of virtual knee arthroscopy simulation training for gaining proficiency in wrist arthroscopy. DESIGN: Participants were recorded performing a cadaveric wrist arthroscopy simulation. The residents then practiced knee arthroscopy on a virtual reality simulator and repeated the wrist arthroscopy simulation...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
keyword
keyword
56727
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"