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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149651/anthropometric-measurements-in-iranian-men
#1
Jaber Gharehdaghi, Maryam Baazm, Masoud Ghadipasha, Sadra Solhi, Farhoud Toutounchian
There is inevitable need for data regarding anthropometric measurements of each community's population. These anthropometric data have various applications, including health assessment, industrial designing, plastic & orthopedic surgery, nutritional studies, anatomical studies and forensic medicine investigations. Anthropometric parameters vary from race to race throughout the world, hence providing an anthropometric profile model of residents of different geographic regions seems to be necessary. To our knowledge, there is no report of bone parameters of the Iranian population...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146756/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-a-southwestern-island-population-of-japan-the-kumejima-study
#2
Ryo Obata, Yasuo Yanagi, Tatsuya Inoue, Miho Yasuda, Yuji Oshima, Shoichi Sawaguchi, Aiko Iwase, Makoto Araie
AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of and factors associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a rural population of southwestern Japan. METHODS: This population-based cross-sectional study of all residents aged 40 years or older was conducted on the island of Kumejima, Okinawa, Japan. Of 4632 eligible residents, 3762 completed a comprehensive questionnaire and underwent ocular examination (participant rate, 81.2%). A non-mydriatic fundus photograph was used to grade AMD lesions according to the Wisconsin protocol...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146016/evaluating-the-performance-of-the-minute-feedback-system-a%C3%A2-web-based-feedback-tool-for-medical-students
#3
Patrick E Georgoff, Gabrielle Shaughness, Lisa Leininger, Vahagn C Nikolian, Gurjit Sandhu, Rishindra Reddy, David T Hughes
BACKGROUND: Medical students often report dissatisfaction with the feedback they receive on their clerkships. This study evaluates the performance of the Minute Feedback System (MFS), a web-based tool designed to facilitate medical student acquisition of same day written feedback from surgery residents and faculty. METHODS: System-generated data, targeted surveys, and end of clerkship questionnaires were used to evaluate MFS performance over a one-year period. RESULTS: 170 students made 3190 feedback requests and received 1978 responses (62% response rate)...
November 4, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143213/colorectal-surgery-fellowship-improves-in-hospital-mortality-after-colectomy-and-proctectomy-irrespective-of-hospital-and-surgeon-volume
#4
Julia T Saraidaridis, Daniel A Hashimoto, David C Chang, Liliana G Bordeianou, Hiroko Kunitake
BACKGROUND: General surgery residents are increasingly pursuing sub-specialty training in colorectal (CR) surgery. However, the majority of operations performed by CR surgeons are also performed by general surgeons. This study aimed to assess in-hospital mortality stratified by CR training status after adjusting for surgeon and hospital volume. METHODS: The Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative system database was used to identify all patients who underwent colectomy/proctectomy from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2014, in the state of New York...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141086/use-of-entrustable-professional-activities-in-the-assessment-of-surgical-resident-competency
#5
Justin P Wagner, Catherine E Lewis, Areti Tillou, Vatche G Agopian, Chi Quach, Timothy R Donahue, O Joe Hines
Importance: Competency-based assessments of surgical resident performance require metrics of entrustable autonomy. Objectives: To designate entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in global performance and in specific operations, and to identify differences in perceived capability, autonomy, and expectations between surgical faculty and residents. Design, Setting, and Participants: This survey study was conducted from August 9, 2016, through August 24, 2016, in the Department of Surgery at the UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine...
November 15, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140966/how-was-your-otology-training-a-survey-of-recent-otolaryngology-residents
#6
Phillip Montague, Donald Bennett, Brian Kellermeyer
OBJECTIVE: To survey graduating residents or recent graduates of otolaryngology residency programs to evaluate their Otology/Neurotology (ON) experience in residency and discern if they had received adequate training in time to decide whether to pursue a fellowship in Otology or Neurotology. STUDY DESIGN: Internet-based survey. METHODS: A survey was distributed to all US otolaryngology residency programs to distribute to 5th year residents and recent graduates in last 4 years...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140816/the-role-of-small-incision-suture-less-cataract-surgery-in-the-developed-world
#7
Sanduk Ruit, Reeta Gurung, Shyam Vyas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS) has recently gone through much refinement and fine tuning. It is often taken as an alternate option for phacoemulsification, especially in developing country. This review will present some insight on its applications especially for developed nations. The role of MSCIS in tackling complex cataracts with stony hard nucleus is fairly established. The role of training residents with MSCIS has certain advantages though debatable...
November 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140558/adherence-to-treatment-guidelines-and-survival-for-older-patients-with-stage-ii-or-iii-colon-cancer-in-texas-from-2001-through-2011
#8
Hui Zhao, Ning Zhang, Vivian Ho, Minming Ding, Weiguo He, Jiangong Niu, Ming Yang, Xianglin L Du, Daria Zorzi, Mariana Chavez-MacGregor, Sharon H Giordano
BACKGROUND: Treatment guidelines for colon cancer recommend colectomy with lymphadenectomy of at least 12 lymph nodes for patients with stage I to stage III disease as surgery adherence (SA) and adjuvant chemotherapy for individuals with stage III disease. Herein, the authors evaluated adherence to these guidelines among older patients in Texas with colon cancer and the associated survival outcomes. METHODS: Using Texas Cancer Registry data linked with Medicare data, the authors included patients with AJCC stage II and III colon cancer who were aged ≥66 years and diagnosed between 2001 and 2011...
November 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137723/the-promise-and-problems-of-non-physician-practitioners-in-general-surgery-education-results-of-a-multi-center-mixed-methods-study-of-faculty
#9
James E Coverdill, Jeff Scott Shelton, Adnan Alseidi, David C Borgstrom, Daniel L Dent, Russell Dumire, Jonathan Fryer, Thomas H Hartranft, Steven B Holsten, M Timothy Nelson, Mohsen M Shabahang, Stanley R Sherman, Paula M Termuhlen, Randy J Woods, John D Mellinger
BACKGROUND: Nurse Practitioners and Physician Assistants - called non-physician practitioners or NPPs - are common, but little is known about their educational promise and problems. METHODS: General surgery faculty in 13 residency programs were surveyed (N = 279 with a 71% response rate) and interviewed (N = 43) about experiences with NPPs. The survey documents overall patterns and differences by program type and primary service; interviews point to deeper rationales and concerns...
November 5, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137721/current-robotic-curricula-for-surgery-residents-a-need-for-additional-cognitive-and-psychomotor-focus
#10
Courtney A Green, Hueylan Chern, Patricia S O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Current robot surgery curricula developed by industry were designed for expert surgeons. We sought to identify the robotic curricula that currently exist in general surgery residencies and describe their components. METHODS: We identified 12 residency programs with robotic curricula. Using a structured coding form to identify themes including sequence, duration, emphasis and assessment, we generated a descriptive summary. RESULTS: Curricula followed a similar sequence: learners started with online modules and simulation exercises, followed by bedside experience during R2-R3 training years, and then operative opportunities on the console in the final years of training...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136520/characterization-of-myeloid-cell-populations-in-human-testes-collected-after-sex-reassignment-surgery
#11
Rosalie Ponte, Franck P Dupuy, Fadi Brimo, Vikram Mehraj, Pierre Brassard, Maud Belanger, Ekaterina Yurchenko, Mohammad-Ali Jenabian, Nicole F Bernard, Jean-Pierre Routy
The testis has been described in animal models as a site of immune privilege, which protects spermatids against tissue damage during inflammation. Myeloid cells, including macrophages and dendritic cells (DC), are defined as key players in the testicular immune privilege in animal models. However, their distribution and frequency in human testis remain poorly described. To overcome the challenges related to tissue sampling, we obtained testicular tissue from men under hormonal therapy who elected to have sex reassignment surgery (SRS)...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135675/novel-strategies-to-improve-resident-selection-by-improving-cultural-fit-aoa-critical-issues
#12
Scott E Porter, Afshin E Razi, T Bennett Ramsey
Residency selection is a perennial multifactorial process that differs considerably from the recruitment processes that other professional occupations enjoy. The 2016 meeting of the American Orthopaedic Association's Council of Orthopaedic Residency Directors highlighted a series of symposia that sought to present a novel manner of resident selection. Specifically, the presenters for each symposium were asked to do the following: present some general recruitment best practices in industries outside of medicine, present how branding of a program may translate into a better interview season, investigate evidence that the applicant pool to orthopaedic surgery may have changed and that residency program brands may have to reflect this, and assess our current evaluation techniques for talent identification and resident selection with respect to a specific department's appearance or brand...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132900/experience-from-the-thoracic-surgery-residents-association-traveling-fellowship-adult-and-pediatric-lung-transplantation-in-toronto
#13
EDITORIAL
Taufiek Konrad Rajab, Glen Van Arsdell, Shaf Keshavjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132645/assessing-the-16-hour-intern-shift-limit-results-of-a-multi-center-mixed-methods-study-of-residents-and-faculty-in-general-surgery
#14
James E Coverdill, Adnan Alseidi, David C Borgstrom, Daniel L Dent, Russell Dumire, Jonathan Fryer, Thomas H Hartranft, Steven B Holsten, M Timothy Nelson, Mohsen M Shabahang, Stanley R Sherman, Paula M Termuhlen, Randy J Woods, John D Mellinger
BACKGROUND: The study explores how residents and faculty assess the ACGME's 16-h limit on intern shifts. METHODS: Questionnaire response rates were 76% for residents (N = 291) and 71% for faculty (N = 279) in 13 general surgery residency programs. Results include means, percentage in agreement, and statistical tests for 15 questionnaire items. Semi-structured interviews conducted with 39 residents and 43 faculty were analyzed for main themes. RESULTS: Few view the intern shift limit as a positive change...
November 4, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129336/-cost-of-teaching-cataract-surgery-in-a-public-hospital
#15
R Benzekri, J Marie-Louise, S Chahed
INTRODUCTION: The gold standard of cataract surgery, phacoemulsification is the most commonly performed surgical procedure in France. Surgical instruction often takes place in the operating room where residents and fellows perform real surgery, supervised by an experienced surgeon. The goals of this study were double: evaluate surgical times according to the person performing the surgery, in order to quantitate the cost incurred by teaching and compare complication rate between surgeons...
November 9, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129263/variation-in-post-discharge-opioid-prescriptions-among-members-of-a-surgical-team
#16
Eddie Blay, Michael J Nooromid, Karl Y Bilimoria, Jane L Holl, Bruce Lambert, Julie K Johnson, Jonah J Stulberg
BACKGROUND: Surgeons play a pivotal role in the opioid epidemic but it is unknown how different members of a surgical team vary in the way they prescribe opioids after surgical episodes. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all inpatient discharges for 5 common surgeries. Total number of tablets and total milligram equivalents (MME) prescribed were calculated and differences in prescription patterns were determined for attending surgeons, surgical residents and advanced practice providers...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128105/factors-associated-with-delivery-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-women-with-advanced-stage-ovarian-cancer
#17
Emily Hinchcliff, Alexander Melamed, Amy Bregar, Elisabeth Diver, Joel Clemmer, Marcela Del Carmen, John O Schorge, J Alejandro Rauh-Hain
PURPOSE: To identify clinical and non-clinical factors associated with utilization of primary cytoreductive surgery (PCS) or neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in women with advanced stage epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). METHODS: Using the National Cancer Database, we identified women with stage IIIC and IV EOC diagnosed from 2012 to 2014. The primary outcome was receipt of NACT, defined in the primary analysis as utilization of chemotherapy as the first cancer-directed therapy, irrespective of whether interval surgery was performed...
November 8, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128101/effect-of-protected-research-time-on-absite-scores-during-general-surgery-residency
#18
Bruce A Orkin, Jennifer Poirier, Areta Kowal-Vern, Edie Chan, Karen Ohara, Brian Mendoza
BACKGROUND: Objective - To determine whether residents with one or more years of dedicated research time (Research Residents, RR) improved their ABSITE scores compared to those without (Non-Research Residents, N-RR). METHODS: A retrospective review of general surgery residents' ABSITE scores from 1995 to 2016 was performed. RR were compared to N-RR. Additional analysis of At Risk (AR) v Not At Risk residents (NAR) (<or >35th percentile as PGY1-2) was also performed...
November 3, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127019/a-survey-on-recent-medical-school-graduate-comfort-with-the-level-1-milestones
#19
Michael E Petravick, J Lawrence Marsh, Matthew D Karam, Douglas R Dirschl
OBJECTIVE: The Next Accreditation System implemented 5 levels of milestones for orthopedic surgery residents in 2013. The Level 1 milestones were noted as those "expected of an incoming resident." While the milestones were intended for assessing resident progression and readiness for independent practice, this designation can also be used to assess how well prepared graduating medical students are for beginning an orthopedic surgery residency. The primary objective of this paper is to measure recent medical school graduate comfort with the Level 1 milestones...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127018/curriculum-using-the-in-situ-operating-room-setting
#20
Raghavendra Rao, Robert C Caskey, Lily Owei, Kathleen O'Connor, Elijah Riddle, Daniel T Dempsey, Joshua Atkins, Dimitry Baranov, Gregory Motuk, Ari D Brooks, Noel Williams, Jon Morris, Kristoffel Dumon
OBJECTIVE: The American College of Surgeons/Association of Program Directors in Surgery is a comprehensive, simulation-based curriculum for General Surgery residents which exists in 3 phases. While phases 1 and 2 deal with core skills and advanced procedures respectively, phase 3 targets team-based skills. To date, the 3rd phase of this curriculum has not seen wide scale implementation. This is a pilot study to verify the feasibility of implementing the phase 3 curriculum in the in-situ setting...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
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