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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454707/crystal-structure-of-the-capsid-protein-from-zika-virus
#1
Zifang Shang, Hao Song, Yi Shi, Jianxun Qi, George F Gao
Recently, Zika virus (ZIKV) emerged as a global public health concern, and is distinct from other flaviviruses in many aspects, e.g., causing transplacental infection, fetal abnormalities and vector-independent transmission through body fluids in humans. The capsid (C) protein is a multifunctional protein, since it binds to viral RNA in the process of nucleocapsid assembly and plays important roles in virus infection processes by interacting with cellular proteins, modulating cellular metabolism, apoptosis and immune response...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451494/single-cell-transcriptional-dynamics-of-flavivirus-infection
#2
Fabio Zanini, Szu-Yuan Pu, Elena Bekerman, Shirit Einav, Stephen R Quake
Dengue and Zika viral infections affect millions of people annually and can be complicated by hemorrhage or neurological manifestations, respectively. However, a thorough understanding of the host response to these viruses is lacking, partly because conventional approaches ignore heterogeneity in virus abundance across cells. We present viscRNA-Seq (virus-inclusive single cell RNA-Seq), an approach to probe the host transcriptome together with intracellular viral RNA at the single cell level. We applied viscRNA-Seq to monitor dengue and Zika virus infection in cultured cells and discovered extreme heterogeneity in virus abundance...
February 16, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447265/dynamic-remodeling-of-lipids-coincides-with-dengue-virus-replication-in-the-midgut-of-aedes-aegypti-mosquitoes
#3
Nunya Chotiwan, Barbara G Andre, Irma Sanchez-Vargas, M Nurul Islam, Jeffrey M Grabowski, Amber Hopf-Jannasch, Erik Gough, Ernesto Nakayasu, Carol D Blair, John T Belisle, Catherine A Hill, Richard J Kuhn, Rushika Perera
We describe the first comprehensive analysis of the midgut metabolome of Aedes aegypti, the primary mosquito vector for arboviruses such as dengue, Zika, chikungunya and yellow fever viruses. Transmission of these viruses depends on their ability to infect, replicate and disseminate from several tissues in the mosquito vector. The metabolic environments within these tissues play crucial roles in these processes. Since these viruses are enveloped, viral replication, assembly and release occur on cellular membranes primed through the manipulation of host metabolism...
February 2018: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445153/development-of-a-chimeric-zika-vaccine-using-a-licensed-live-attenuated-flavivirus-vaccine-as-backbone
#4
Xiao-Feng Li, Hao-Long Dong, Hong-Jiang Wang, Xing-Yao Huang, Ye-Feng Qiu, Xue Ji, Qing Ye, Chunfeng Li, Yang Liu, Yong-Qiang Deng, Tao Jiang, Gong Cheng, Fu-Chun Zhang, Andrew D Davidson, Ya-Jun Song, Pei-Yong Shi, Cheng-Feng Qin
The global spread of Zika virus (ZIKV) and its unexpected association with congenital defects necessitates the rapid development of a safe and effective vaccine. Here we report the development and characterization of a recombinant chimeric ZIKV vaccine candidate (termed ChinZIKV) that expresses the prM-E proteins of ZIKV using the licensed Japanese encephalitis live-attenuated vaccine SA14-14-2 as the genetic backbone. ChinZIKV retains its replication activity and genetic stability in vitro, while exhibiting an attenuation phenotype in multiple animal models...
February 14, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438402/haiku-new-paradigm-for-the-reverse-genetics-of-emerging-rna-viruses
#5
Thérèse Atieh, Miriam Diala El Ayoubi, Fabien Aubry, Stéphane Priet, Xavier de Lamballerie, Antoine Nougairède
Reverse genetics is key technology for producing wild-type and genetically modified viruses. The ISA (Infectious Subgenomic Amplicons) method is a recent versatile and user-friendly reverse genetics method to rescue RNA viruses. The main constraint of its canonic protocol was the requirement to produce (e.g., by DNA synthesis or fusion PCR) 5' and 3' modified genomic fragments encompassing the human cytomegalovirus promoter (pCMV) and the hepatitis delta virus ribozyme/simian virus 40 polyadenylation signal (HDR/SV40pA), respectively...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437548/a-serosurvey-of-flavivirus-infection-in-horses-and-birds-in-slovakia
#6
Tomáš Csank, Petra Drzewnioková, Ľuboš Korytár, Peter Major, Miklós Gyuranecz, Juraj Pistl, Tamás Bakonyi
In central Europe, at least three flaviviruses circulate among vectors and vertebrate hosts. West Nile virus (WNV) and Usutu virus (USUV) are mosquito-borne viruses maintained in the nature by enzootic cycle between mosquitoes and birds. Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is a flavivirus causing annual human cases in Slovakia. The aim of this study is the prevalence assessment of flavivirus infections in horses (n = 145) and birds (n = 109) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and confirmation by neutralization test (VNT)...
February 13, 2018: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435494/tick-borne-encephalitis-virus-vaccine-induced-human-antibodies-mediate-negligible-enhancement-of-zika-virus-infection-in-vitro-and-in-a-mouse-model
#7
James Duehr, Silviana Lee, Gursewak Singh, Gregory A Foster, David Krysztof, Susan L Stramer, Maria C Bermúdez González, Eva Menichetti, Robert Geretschläger, Christian Gabriel, Viviana Simon, Jean K Lim, Florian Krammer
Recent reports in the scientific literature have suggested that anti-dengue virus (DENV) and anti-West Nile virus (WNV) immunity exacerbates Zika virus (ZIKV) pathogenesis in vitro and in vivo in mouse models. Large populations of immune individuals exist for a related flavivirus (tick-borne encephalitis virus [TBEV]), due to large-scale vaccination campaigns and endemic circulation throughout most of northern Europe and the southern Russian Federation. As a result, the question of whether anti-TBEV immunity can affect Zika virus pathogenesis is a pertinent one...
January 2018: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433695/zika-en-p%C3%A3-diatrie-que-retenir
#8
P Minodier
Zikavirus (ZV) is a flavivirus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes' bites. Sexual transmission is possible. Common ZV infection is asymptomatic or associates flu-like signs. Guillain-Barre syndrome following ZV infection is rare. Foetal infection, during the first trimester of pregnancy especially, can lead to severe neurological troubles. Diagnosis relies on blood and urine RT-PCR during the acute phase, and serology later in the disease. ELISA assays false positives are reported among patients infected with another flavivirus, whereas sero-neutralization is more specific...
December 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430005/rewiring-cellular-networks-by-members-of-the-flaviviridae-family
#9
REVIEW
Christopher J Neufeldt, Mirko Cortese, Eliana G Acosta, Ralf Bartenschlager
Members of the Flaviviridae virus family comprise a large group of enveloped viruses with a single-strand RNA genome of positive polarity. Several genera belong to this family, including the Hepacivirus genus, of which hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the prototype member, and the Flavivirus genus, which contains both dengue virus and Zika virus. Viruses of these genera differ in many respects, such as the mode of transmission or the course of infection, which is either predominantly persistent in the case of HCV or acutely self-limiting in the case of flaviviruses...
February 12, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429035/inhibitory-effect-of-the-green-tea-molecule-egcg-against-dengue-virus-infection
#10
Muhareva Raekiansyah, Corazon C Buerano, Mark Anthony D Luz, Kouichi Morita
Dengue virus (DENV) infection is a major public health problem worldwide; however, specific antiviral drugs against it are not available. Hence, identifying effective antiviral agents for the prevention of DENV infection is important. In this study, we showed that the reportedly highly biologically active green-tea component epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) inhibited dengue virus infection regardless of infecting serotype, but no or minimal inhibition was observed with other flaviviruses, including Japanese encephalitis virus, yellow fever virus, and Zika virus...
February 10, 2018: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424106/seroprevalence-of-selected-flaviviruses-in-free-living-and-captive-capuchin-monkeys-in-the-state-of-pernambuco-brazil
#11
E F de Oliveira-Filho, R A S Oliveira, D R A Ferreira, P O Laroque, L J Pena, M M Valença-Montenegro, R A Mota, L H V G Gil
Mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue, yellow fever and, more recently, Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and Zika virus (ZIKV) have a great impact in the public health. In addition, the presence of such viruses might have an impact on wild animal conservation as well as their possible role as animal reservoir. Here, we performed a serological survey searching for antibodies against a panel of flaviviruses [ZIKV, Dengue virus (DENV), Yellow Fever virus (YFV), West Nile virus (WNV), Saint Louis Encephalitis virus (SLEV), Ilheus virus (ILHV) and Rocio virus (ROCV)] using plaque reduction neutralization test (PRNT90 ) in both free-ranging and captive capuchin monkeys (Sapajus flavius and Sapajus libidinosus)...
February 8, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423529/structure-and-function-of-zika-virus-ns5-protein-perspectives-for-drug-design
#12
REVIEW
Boxiao Wang, Stephanie Thurmond, Rong Hai, Jikui Song
Zika virus (ZIKV) belongs to the positive-sense single-stranded RNA-containing Flaviviridae family. Its recent outbreak and association with human diseases (e.g. neurological disorders) have raised global health concerns, and an urgency to develop a therapeutic strategy against ZIKV infection. However, there is no currently approved antiviral against ZIKV. Here we present a comprehensive overview on recent progress in structure-function investigation of ZIKV NS5 protein, the largest non-structural protein of ZIKV, which is responsible for replication of the viral genome, RNA capping and suppression of host interferon responses...
February 8, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423037/the-structure-of-the-binary-methyltransferase-sah-complex-from-zika-virus-reveals-a-novel-conformation-for-the-mechanism-of-mrna-capping
#13
Chatrin Chatrin, Sandeep K Talapatra, Bruno Canard, Frank Kozielski
Zika virus, a flavivirus like Dengue and West Nile viruses, poses a significant risk as a pathogen in the category of emerging infectious diseases. Zika infections typically cause nonspecific, mild symptoms, but can also manifest as a neurological disorder like Guillain-Barré syndrome. Infection in pregnant women is linked to microcephaly in newborn infants. The methyltransferase domain of the non-structural protein 5 is responsible for two sequential methylations of the 5'-RNA cap. This is crucial for genome stability, efficient translation, and escape from the host immune response...
January 9, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416874/optimization-of-commercially-available-zika-virus-antibodies-for-use-in-a-laboratory-developed-immunohistochemical-assay
#14
Brigid C Bollweg, Luciana Silva-Flannery, Pamela Spivey, Gillian L Hale
Zika virus (ZIKV) infection during pregnancy can cause adverse fetal outcomes and severe irreversible congenital birth defects including microcephaly. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) is a valuable diagnostic tool for detecting ZIKV antigens in tissues from cases of fetal loss in women infected with ZIKV, and for providing insights into disease pathogenesis. As a result, there is increasing demand for commercially available ZIKV antibodies for use in IHC assays. ZIKV antibodies were selected and obtained from commercial sources to include both mouse and rabbit hosts, and a variety of antigenic targets...
January 2018: Journal of Pathology. Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415063/dengue-virus-infection-among-long-term-travelers-from-the-netherlands-a-prospective-study-2008-2011
#15
Femke W Overbosch, Janke Schinkel, Ineke G Stolte, Maria Prins, Gerard J B Sonder
BACKGROUND: Dengue is increasing rapidly in endemic regions. Data on incidence among travelers to these areas are limited. Five prospective studies have been performed thus far, mainly among short-term travelers. OBJECTIVE: To obtain the attack and incidence rate (AR, IR) of dengue virus (DENV) infection among long-term travelers and identify associated risk factors. METHODS: A prospective study was performed among long-term travelers (12-52 weeks) attending the Public Health Service in Amsterdam...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412361/entomopathogenic-fungi-and-their-potential-for-the-management-of-aedes-aegypti-diptera-culicidae-in-the-americas
#16
Harry C Evans, Simon L Elliot, Robert W Barreto
Classical biological control has been used extensively for the management of exotic weeds and agricultural pests, but never for alien insect vectors of medical importance. This simple but elegant control strategy involves the introduction of coevolved natural enemies from the centre of origin of the target alien species. Aedes aegypti - the primary vector of the dengue, yellow fever and Zika flaviviruses - is just such an invasive alien in the Americas where it arrived accidentally from its West African home during the slave trade...
March 2018: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411187/effect-of-prior-dengue-infection-on-severity-and-outcome-of-japanese-encephalitis
#17
A Verma, A Jain, C Kumar, M Agarwal, R Kumar
Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus and dengue virus are closely related flaviviruses but interaction between them is scarcely studied in humans. The objective of this study was to compare the outcome of JE patients who are positive and negative for dengue IgG antibodies. Patients of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) fulfilling predecided inclusion and exclusion criteria underwent a detailed standardized workup incorporating JE IgM testing in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or serum. Dengue IgG in serum was tested in all...
February 6, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409678/isolation-and-genomic-characterization-of-culex-flaviviruses-from-mosquitoes-in-myanmar
#18
Aung Kyaw Kyaw, Mya Myat Ngwe Tun, Corazon C Buerano, Takeshi Nabeshima, Miako Sakaguchi, Tsuyoshi Ando, Shingo Inoue, Yi Yi Mya, Daisuke Hayasaka, Hlaing Myat Thu, Kyaw Zin Thant, Kouichi Morita
An entomological surveillance of arboviruses was conducted in Myanmar in 2014. A total of 8357 Culex mosquito vectors were collected in the Mandalay area and virus isolation was done by using the mosquito cell line C6/36 E2. A total of eighteen strains of Culex flavivirus (CxFV) were isolated from Cx. tritaeniorhynchus, Cx. vishnui and Cx. fuscocephala. Like other insect-specific flaviviruses, CxFV can replicate only in mosquito cells but not in mammalian cells. These CxFV strains that were isolated in Japan from mosquitoes collected in Myanmar were closely related to the Wang Thong virus detected from Cx fusocephalus in Thailand and Cx...
February 3, 2018: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409531/development-and-characterization-of-serotype-specific-monoclonal-antibodies-against-the-dengue-virus-4-denv-4-non-structural-protein-ns1
#19
Tesfaye Gelanew, Elizabeth Hunsperger
BACKGROUND: Dengue, caused by one of the four serologically distinct dengue viruses (DENV-1 to - 4), is a mosquito-borne disease of serious global health significance. Reliable and cost-effective diagnostic tests, along with effective vaccines and vector-control strategies, are highly required to reduce dengue morbidity and mortality. Evaluation studies revealed that many commercially available NS1 antigen (Ag) tests have limited sensitivity to DENV-4 serotype compared to the other three serotypes...
February 6, 2018: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406975/zika-virus-infection-in-children
#20
REVIEW
David Taylor Hendrixson, Jason G Newland
Zika virus is a mosquito-borne Flavivirus responsible for symptomatic and asymptomatic infections in humans. Zika was first identified in Africa as a cause of sporadic febrile illness. Beginning in 2015, Zika virus infection was identified in Brazil and linked with several symptomatic infections. Notably, congenital infections were observed with marked neurologic abnormalities. Diagnosis relies on detection of Zika virus by real-time polymerase chain reaction or by the presence of anti-Zika antibodies. Treatment of this viral illness remains supportive; however, proactive screening and interventions are indicated in the treatment of infants with symptomatic congenital infection...
March 2018: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
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