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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915476/translational-research-for-pediatric-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction
#1
REVIEW
Akihiro Kanematsu
This review provides a comprehensive view of translational research aimed at elucidating the pathophysiology of pediatric lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD). A web search was conducted according to combinations of keywords, and the significance of each article was defined by the author. The dramatic evolution of the mass analysis method of genomes, transcripts, and proteins has enabled a comprehensive analysis of molecular events underlying diseases, and these methodologies have also been applied to pediatric LUTD...
November 2016: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915322/ocular-morbidity-associated-with-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-treated-and-untreated-eyes-a-review-of-the-literature-and-data-from-a-tertiary-eye-care-center-in-southern-india
#2
Perumalsamy Vijayalakshmi, Tulika Kara, Clare Gilbert
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is an emerging cause of childhood blindness in low- and middle-income countries. We review the magnitude, causes, prevention and treatment of visual impairment caused by ROP over a time span. A review of literature on short and long term structural and functional outcomes of ROP was conducted through PubMed search primarily focusing on studies published during the last decade. Additionally, we have shared data from our institute located in Southern India. Visual Impairment in ROP-treated children ranged from 4...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914587/outcomes-of-chest-wall-resections-in-pediatric-sarcoma-patients
#3
Carmen Lopez, Arlene Correa, Ara Vaporciyan, Mary Austin, David Rice, Andrea Hayes-Jordan
PURPOSE: Chest wall tumors in pediatric patients are rare. This study evaluates outcomes in pediatric patients who have undergone chest wall resections secondary to sarcomas. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed for patients <19years old who underwent chest wall resections for sarcoma 1999-2014 at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. RESULTS: Of 44 patients, Ewing's sarcoma (n=18) and osteosarcoma (n=16) were most common...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914152/pediatric-multiple-sclerosis-in-portugal-a-multicentre-study
#4
Ana Sofia Correia, Luís Augusto, Joana Meireles, Joana Pinto, Ana Paula Sousa
INTRODUCTION: Multiple sclerosis is most often diagnosed among young adults but less frequently it may present during childhood or adolescence. In Portugal, there has been only one previous single-center, pediatric multiple sclerosis study. The main objective was the evaluation of the demographic, clinical, laboratorial and neuroradiological characteristics of patients with pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis in Portugal. The secondary objectives were to compare the characteristics of childhood-onset multiple sclerosis and adolescent-onset multiple sclerosis and to characterize the treatments prescribed...
August 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914141/unfavorable-course-of-subclinical-hypothyroidism-in-children-with-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis-compared-to-those-with-isolated-non-autoimmune-hyperthyrotropinemia
#5
Yun Jeong Lee, So Yoon Jung, Hae Woon Jung, So Youn Kim, Young Ah Lee, Seong Yong Lee, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is a common problem in pediatric population, and the natural history of SCH varies depending on its etiology. Whether Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) negatively affects the natural course of SCH was investigated in pediatric patients without concomitant diseases. Predictors for levothyroxine medication were also evaluated. Medical records of 109 children with SCH (91 girls, 5?18 years) diagnosed between 2005 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were classified into HT (n = 37) and isolated non-autoimmune hyperthyrotropinemia (iso-NAHT, n = 72)...
January 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913986/establishing-clinical-meaning-and-defining-important-differences-for-patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-promis-%C3%A2-measures-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-using-standard-setting-with-patients-parents-and-providers
#6
Esi M Morgan, Constance A Mara, Bin Huang, Kimberly Barnett, Adam C Carle, Jennifer E Farrell, Karon F Cook
BACKGROUND: Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) measures are used increasingly in clinical care. However, for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), scores lack a framework for interpretation of clinical severity, and minimally important differences (MID) have not been established, which are necessary to evaluate the importance of change. METHODS: We identified clinical severity thresholds for pediatric PROMIS measures of mobility, upper extremity function (UE), fatigue, and pain interference working with adolescents with JIA, parents of JIA patients, and clinicians, using a standard setting methodology modified from educational testing...
December 2, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913773/pediatric-nutrition-assessment-anthropometrics-to-zinc
#7
Kelly Green Corkins, Erin E Teague
Pediatric patients with chronic illnesses or diseases or who require long-term nutrition support are most vulnerable to nutrition-related issues. Malnutrition in a pediatric patient may negatively affect long-term growth and development. Children also become malnourished much more quickly than adults. A comprehensive nutrition assessment that includes food and nutrition-related history, anthropometric measurements, biochemical data, medical tests and procedures, nutrition-focused physical findings, and patient history should be completed on these patients as no one parameter is a comprehensive indicator of nutrition status...
December 2, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913548/warm-antibody-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia
#8
Theodosia A Kalfa
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is a rare and heterogeneous disease that affects 1 to 3/100 000 patients per year. AIHA caused by warm autoantibodies (w-AIHA), ie, antibodies that react with their antigens on the red blood cell optimally at 37°C, is the most common type, comprising ∼70% to 80% of all adult cases and ∼50% of pediatric cases. About half of the w-AIHA cases are called primary because no specific etiology can be found, whereas the rest are secondary to other recognizable underlying disorders...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913533/non-hodgkin-lymphoma-across-the-pediatric-and-adolescent-and-young-adult-age-spectrum
#9
John T Sandlund, Mike G Martin
The non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) occurring in children and adolescents and young adults (AYA) are characterized by various age-related differences in tumor biology and survival. Children generally present with high-grade lymphomas, such as Burkitt lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, lymphoblastic lymphoma, and anaplastic large cell lymphoma, whereas low-grade histologic subtypes, such as follicular lymphoma, occur more frequently with increasing age. Treatment outcome for children with NHL is generally superior to that observed in adults...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913067/the-financial-impact-of-clinic-no-show-rates-in-an-academic-pediatric-otolaryngology-practice
#10
Zhen Huang, Mariam Ashraf, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Pamela Mudd
PURPOSE: To investigate determinants of no-show rates in an academic pediatric otolaryngology practice including appointment time, age, sex, new patient status, payer mix, and median household income by zip code. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review of clinic no-show rates and patient demographics in a free standing children's hospital and affiliated outpatient clinics across eight providers in a one-year period. RESULTS: Analysis shows that the overall no-show rate across all providers was 15% with the highest rate of 19% in the zip code with the lowest median income...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912978/tap-water-iontophoresis-in-the-treatment-of-pediatric-hyperhidrosis
#11
Haitham Dagash, Sinead McCaffrey, Katie Mellor, Agnes Roycroft, Ingrid Helbling
AIM OF THE STUDY: The treatment options for localized hyperhidrosis include antiperspirants, anticholinergics, iontophoresis, botulinum toxin and surgery. Tap water iontophoresis (TWI) involves immersing the affected area in tap water and passing a small electrical current through the area. Our aim was to assess the success of this therapy in a pediatric cohort. METHODS: Retrospective case note review of all patients younger than 18years who underwent TWI between 2002 and 2015...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912976/implications-of-a-negative-abdominal-ct-in-the-management-of-pediatric-blunt-abdominal-trauma
#12
Sarah Braungart, Thomas Beattie, Paula Midgley, Mark Powis
BACKGROUND: No consensus exists on management of children with a negative trauma CT following blunt abdominal trauma (BAT). Asymptomatic children are frequently "admitted for observation" following negative CT owing to concerns about missing an intraabdominal injury (IAI) without evidence for this practice. We aimed to investigate the feasibility of discharge following a negative CT scan in children sustaining blunt abdominal trauma. METHODS: Retrospective audit at a UK paediatric major trauma center and review of the literature...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912809/emergency-nursing-review-questions-november-2016
#13
Tracy Shaw
The review questions that are featured in each of issue of JEN are based on the Emergency Nursing Core Curriculum and other pertinent resources to emergency nursing practice, pediatric and adult. These questions offer emergency nurses an opportunity to test their knowledge about their practice.
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912807/exertional-rhabdomyolysis-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department-a-case-review
#14
Heather A Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911972/integrating-behavioral-health-into-pediatric-primary-care-implications-for-provider-time-and-cost
#15
Natasha Gouge, Jodi Polaha, Rachel Rogers, Amy Harden
OBJECTIVES: Integrating a behavioral health consultant (BHC) into primary care is associated with improved patient outcomes, fewer medical visits, and increased provider satisfaction; however, few studies have evaluated the feasibility of this model from an operations perspective. Specifically, time and cost have been identified as barriers to implementation. Our study aimed to examine time spent, patient volume, and revenue generated during days when the on-site BHC was available compared with days when the consultant was not...
December 2016: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911597/evidence-based-psychosocial-treatments-for-pediatric-elimination-disorders
#16
Jaclyn A Shepard, Joseph E Poler, Jesse H Grabman
Pediatric elimination disorders are common in childhood, yet psychosocial correlates are generally unclear. Given the physiological concomitants of both enuresis and encopresis, and the fact that many children with elimination disorders are initially brought to their primary care physician for treatment, medical evaluation and management are crucial and may serve as the first-line treatment approach. Scientific investigation on psychological and behavioral interventions has progressed over the past couple of decades, resulting in the identification of effective treatments for enuresis and encopresis...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911246/role-of-follow-up-imaging-after-resection-of-brain-arteriovenous-malformations-in-pediatric-patients-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
Joaquin E Jimenez, Zachary C Gersey, Jason Wagner, Brian Snelling, Sudheer Ambekar, Eric C Peterson
OBJECTIVE Pediatric patients are at risk for the recurrence of brain arteriovenous malformation (AVM) after resection. While there is general consensus on the importance of follow-up after surgical removal of an AVM, there is a lack of consistency in the duration of that follow-up. The object of this systematic review was to examine the role of follow-up imaging in detecting AVM recurrence early and preventing AVM rupture. METHODS This systematic review was performed using articles obtained through a search of the literature contained in the MeSH database, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911069/-urological-pathology-of-lymphatic-origin
#18
A Domènech, A Serrano, I Forner-Cordero, F Gómez, D Maldonado, C Domínguez
OBJECTIVES: Lymphatic disease is a rarely cause of some very unspecific genitourinary manifestations, assuming a diagnostic challenge in most cases. The aim of this paper is to warn about the possible etiology of these urological lymphatic presentations and discuss its management. METHODS: Retrospective review of clinical data in pediatric patients with urological pathology of lymphatic origin between 2008-2014. Three patients, two boys and a girl, were included...
January 25, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910751/recent-advances-in-pharmacotherapeutic-paradigm-of-mild-to-recalcitrant-atopic-dermatitis
#19
Zahid Hussain, Shariza Sahudin, Hnin Ei Thu, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari, Endang Kumolosasi
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common, chronic skin inflammatory disorder characterized by perivascular infiltration of immunoglobulin E (IgE), T lymphocytes, and mast cells. The key factors responsible for the pathophysiology of this disease are immunological disorders and defects in epidermal barrier properties. Pruritus, intense itching, psychological stress, deprived physical and mental performance, and sleep disturbance are the hallmark features of this dermatological disorder. Preventive interventions such as educational programs, avoidance of allergens, and exclusive care toward the skin could play a partial role in suppressing the symptoms...
2016: Critical Reviews in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909980/omalizumab-in-severe-refractory-vernal-keratoconjunctivitis-in-children-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Serge Doan, Flore Amat, Eric Gabison, Sarah Saf, Isabelle Cochereau, Jocelyne Just
INTRODUCTION: Vernal keratoconjunctivis (VKC) is a severe form of pediatric ocular allergy, characterized by acute and chronic corneoconjunctival inflammation that may lead to visual sequelae. Although topical immunosuppressive drugs such as cyclosporine are usually effective, some severe forms may be refractory and require prolonged steroid therapy. Very few papers report the use of omalizumab in VKC in the literature. In the present study, we describe our clinical experience with omalizumab in severe VKC children...
December 1, 2016: Ophthalmology and Therapy
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