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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447856/laparoscopic-sacrohysteropexy-in-a-12-weeks-pregnant-woman
#1
Berna Haliloglu Peker, Erdin Ilter, Hakan Peker, Aygen Celik, Ali Gursoy, Onur Gunaldi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy for a case of uterine prolapse in a 12 weeks and 3 days pregnant woman. To our knowledge, this is the first case of laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy performed at 12th weeks of gestation to be reported in literature. DESIGN: A step-by-step explanation of the surgical procedure (Canadian Task Force classification III) SETTING: Uterine prolapse is very rare condition manifesting in an estimated 10000 to 15000 pregnancies (1)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444356/long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-decline-rapidly-in-milk-from-mothers-delivering-extremely-preterm-indicating-the-need-for-supplementation
#2
Anders K Nilsson, Chatarina Löfqvist, Svetlana Najm, Gunnel Hellgren, Karin Sävman, Mats X Andersson, Lois E H Smith, Ann Hellström
AIM: Our aim was perform an in-depth analysis of the composition of fatty acids in milk from mothers delivering extremely preterm babies. We investigated longitudinal changes in milk fatty acid profiles and the relationship between several types of fatty acids, including omega-3 and omega-6. METHODS: Milk samples were collected at three stages of lactation from 78 mothers who delivered at less than 28 weeks of pregnancy at the Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden, from April 2013 to September 2015...
February 14, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440826/normal-reference-ranges-for-cardiac-valve-cross-sectional-areas-in-preterm-infants
#3
Lulu Abushaban, Mariappa Thinakar Vel, Jebaraj Rathinasamy, Prem N Sharma
Objective: To establish normal reference ranges for cardiac valve crosssectional areas (CSAs) in preterm infants and their correlation with gestational age, body weight, and chronological age. Materials and Methods: In a prospective study, 268 preterm babies fulfilling the criteria for inclusion were examined. Echocardiograms were performed to measure aortic, pulmonary, mitral, and tricuspid valve CSAs on 0-6 day (s) of life and at weekly intervals until they reached 36 weeks...
January 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439621/biofluid-metabolomics-in-preterm-birth-research
#4
Ana M Gil, Daniela Duarte
This article presents an account of the research carried out so far in the use of metabolomics to find biomarkers of preterm birth (PTB) in fetal, maternal, and newborn biofluids. Metabolomic studies have employed mainly nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy or mass spectrometry-based methodologies to analyze, on one hand, prenatal biofluids (amniotic fluid, maternal urine/maternal blood, cervicovaginal fluid) to identify predictive biomarkers of PTB, and on the other hand, biofluids collected at or after birth (amniotic fluid, umbilical cord blood, newborn urine, and newborn blood, maternal blood, or breast milk) to assess and follow up the health status of PTB babies...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434692/gestational-age-not-transient-hyperthyrotropinemia-impacts-brain-white-matter-diffusion-tensor-imaging-in-premature-infants
#5
Pi-Lien Hung, Chun-Chung Lui, Chen-Chang Lee, Yin-Hsiu Chien, Feng-Shun Chen, Chih-Cheng Chen, Hong-Ren Yu, Mei-Yung Chung, Li-Tung Huang
Transient hypothyroidism is common in premature infants and increases the risk of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Thyroid hormone (TH) is involved in oligodendrocyte development and myelination, however, whether transient hypothyroidism is associated with oligodendrocyte dysplasia and abnormal myelination is unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate correlations among TH levels, neurodevelopmental outcomes and white matter (WM) microstructure in premature infants. The authors designed a cohort study recruiting 81 premature infants (age, 23-35 weeks)...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430625/hellp-syndrome-risk-factors-in-first-and-second-pregnancy-a-population-based-cohort-study
#6
Ola Malmström, Nils-Halvdan Morken
INTRODUCTION: HELLP syndrome may have specific risk factors and risk factors varying from first to second pregnancy. The aims of the study were to estimate the risk of HELLP syndrome by potential risk factors in first and second pregnancy, respectively. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A population based cohort study including all women in Norway having their first baby (≥22 gestational weeks) during 1999 to 2014, registered in the Medical Birth Registry (n=418 897). A subset of women with at least two births (n=249 070) was used for estimates in second pregnancy...
February 11, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429411/gastro-oesophageal-reflux-a-mixed-methods-study-of-infants-admitted-to-hospital-in-the-first-12%C3%A2-months-following-birth-in-nsw-2000-2011
#7
Hannah Grace Dahlen, Jann P Foster, Kim Psaila, Kaye Spence, Nadia Badawi, Cathrine Fowler, Virginia Schmied, Charlene Thornton
BACKGROUND: Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) is common in infants. When the condition causes pathological symptoms and/or complications it is considered gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD). It appears to be increasingly diagnosed and causes great distress in the first year of infancy. In New South Wales (NSW), residential parenting services support families with early parenting difficulties. These services report a large number of babies admitted with a label of GOR/GORD. The aim of this study was to explore the maternal and infant characteristics, obstetric interventions, and reasons for clinical reporting of GOR/GORD in NSW in the first 12 months following birth (2000-2011)...
February 12, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429296/-analysis-of-corneal-and-conjunctival-sensitivities-and-its-related-factors-of-premature-babies
#8
M A Wu, M Y Wu, S J Wu, J J Zhu, Z Lyu, C L Li, L J Shen
Objective: To analyse the corneal and conjunctival sensitivities of premature babies and to study the relevant influencing factors. Methods: Cross-sectional study. One hundred premature infants born at Women's Hospital School of Medicine Zhejiang University between May 2015 and September 2015 were enrolled, among which 51 were male (51%) and 49 were female (49%), the mean gestational age was (30.93±1.75)w, the mean corrected gestational age was (33.65±1.53)w, the mean birth weight was (1 592±336)g. The thresholds of cornea and conjunctiva of infants' left or right eyes were measured with Cochet-Bonnet aesthesiometer at 8-10 o'clock every morning when they naturally woke up, the minimum length of nylon wire that induced three successive times of eye-blink responses was recorded...
February 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422212/diagnosis-and-surveillance-of-late-onset-fetal-growth-restriction
#9
REVIEW
Francesc Figueras, Javier Caradeux, Fatima Crispi, Elisenda Eixarch, Anna Peguero, Eduard Gratacos
By consensus, late fetal growth restriction is that diagnosed >32 weeks. This condition is mildly associated with a higher risk of perinatal hypoxic events and suboptimal neurodevelopment. Histologically, it is characterized by the presence of uteroplacental vascular lesions (especially infarcts), although the incidence of such lesions is lower than in preterm fetal growth restriction. Screening procedures for fetal growth restriction need to identify small babies and then differentiate between those who are healthy and those who are pathologically small...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422205/the-intergrowth-21st-fetal-growth-standards-toward-the-global-integration-of-pregnancy-and-pediatric-care
#10
REVIEW
Aris T Papageorghiou, Stephen H Kennedy, Laurent J Salomon, Douglas G Altman, Eric O Ohuma, William Stones, Michael G Gravett, Fernando C Barros, Cesar Victora, Manorama Purwar, Yasmin Jaffer, Julia A Noble, Enrico Bertino, Ruyan Pang, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Ann Lambert, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, José Villar
The purpose of the INTERGROWTH-21st project was to develop international, prescriptive standards for fetal growth assessed by ultrasound and fundal height, preterm postnatal growth, newborn size and body composition, maternal weight gain, and infant development at the age of 2 years. Hence, we have produced, based on World Health Organization recommendations, the first comprehensive set of international standards of optimal fetal and newborn growth that perfectly match the existing World Health Organization child growth standards...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411721/effect-of-a-galactagogue-herbal-tea-on-breast-milk-production-and-prolactin-secretion-by-mothers-of-preterm-babies
#11
E Özalkaya, Z Aslandoğdu, A Özkoral, S Topcuoğlu, G Karatekin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Poor breast milk production is the most frequent cause of breastfeeding failure in preterm babies. The aim of our study is to evaluate the effect of herbal tea mixture containing stinging nettle (Natal, Hipp) on breast milk production and serum prolactin levels of mothers, and weight gain of preterm babies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled mothers and their babies who were less than 37 gestational week and less than 2000 g, fed with orogastric tube without any contraindication of enteral feeding in neonatal intensive care unit between November 2010 and June 2011...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411344/maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-of-dichorionic-diamniotic-twin-pregnancies-diagnosed-with-vanishing-twin-syndrome-a-retrospective-analysis-from-a-single-clinical-center
#12
Hakan Timur, Rifat Taner Aksoy, Aytekin Tokmak, Burcu Timur, Bugra Coskun, Dilek Uygur, Nuri Danisman
OBJECTIVES: Multiple pregnancies are known to be associated with adverse maternal and perinatal complications. How-ever, data regarding the outcomes of spontaneously reduced twin pregnancies are limited. In the current study we aimed to evaluate the consequences of the vanishing twin syndrome (VTS) in dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies for both mother and baby in our perinatal center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 711 pregnancies were included into the study...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408814/magnesium-as-a-neuroprotective-agent-a-review-of-its-use-in-the-fetus-term-infant-with-neonatal-encephalopathy-and-the-adult-stroke-patient
#13
Ingran Lingam, Nicola J Robertson
Magnesium is an intracellular cation essential for many en-zymatic processes and cellular functions. Magnesium sulfate acts as an endogenous calcium channel antagonist at neuronal synapses, thought to prevent excessive activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors by excitatory amino acids, such as glutamate, and by downregulation of proinflammatory pathways. Early intervention is essential in the prevention of the secondary phase of neuronal injury. The immature brain is particularly prone to excitotoxicity, and inflammation has been strongly implicated in the pathogenesis of cerebral palsy...
February 7, 2018: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405045/telemedicine-for-rop
#14
Parag K Shah, Appanraj Ramya, Venkatapathy Narendran
With the increasing survival of preterm babies in the Asia-Pacific region, there has been an increase in the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). There is also a lack of trained ophthalmologists to screen for this disease. New strategies for screening of ROP are required, wherein the load on the ophthalmologist can be reduced. Telemedicine is an excellent tool to address this need. This paper reviews the initial studies comparing digital imaging with indirect ophthalmoscopy, the current active ROP telescreening programs in the world, and ends with studies dealing with automated diagnosis of ROP...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398781/the-effect-of-a-social-emotional-intervention-on-the-development-of-preterm-infants-in-institutions
#15
Daria I Chernego, Robert B McCall, Shannon B Wanless, Christina J Groark, Marina J Vasilyeva, Oleg I Palmov, Natalia V Nikiforova, Rifkat J Muhamedrahimov
This study examined the effect of a social-emotional intervention implemented in one St. Petersburg (Russian Federation) institution (called a Baby Home, BH) on the general behavioral development of preterm children (gestational ages of 30-36 weeks) during their first two years of life. The intervention consisted of training caregivers and implementing structural changes to create a more family-like environment. The study included preterm (N = 56) and full-term (N = 93) children from one BH that implemented the intervention and from another BH with no intervention...
January 2018: Infants and Young Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398552/current-practice-of-iron-prophylaxis-in-preterm-and-low-birth-weight-neonates-a%C3%A2-survey-among-italian-neonatal-units
#16
Emilia Parodi, Anna Ferrero, Barbara Perrone, Paola Saracco, Maria Teresa Giraudo, Daniela Regoli
BACKGROUND: Preterm babies are at high risk of iron deficiency. METHODS: We investigated current practices regarding iron prophylaxis in preterm and low birth weight newborns among Local Neonatal Units (LNUs, n = 74) and Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs, n = 20) of three Italian Regions (Piemonte, Marche and Lazio). RESULTS: Birth weight is considered an indicative parameter in only 64% of LNUs and 71% of NICUs, with a significant difference between LNUs in the three regions (86%, 20% and 62%, respectively; p < 0...
February 1, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398426/the-influence-of-fluid-management-on-outcomes-in-preeclampsia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
T Pretorius, G van Rensburg, R A Dyer, B M Biccard
BACKGROUND: The optimal fluid management strategy to ensure best outcomes in preeclamptic patients remains a controversial issue, with little evidence to support any one approach. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effect of various fluid management strategies on clinical outcomes, haemodynamic indices and biochemical markers in preeclamptic women and their babies. Primary outcome measures were the occurrence of pulmonary oedema and/or the development of renal impairment...
December 20, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397441/evaluation-of-cesarean-scar-after-single-and-double-layer-hysterotomy-closure-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#18
Nur Betül Tekiner, Berna Aslan Çetin, Lale Susan Türkgeldi, Gökçe Yılmaz, İbrahim Polat, Ali Gedikbaşı
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine if there is a difference in the size of the cesarean scar defect using saline infusion sonography (SIS) performed on the postoperative third month in patients who underwent single- or double-layered unlocked closure of their uterine incision during their first cesarean delivery. METHODS: This study was conducted as a prospective cross-sectional study between February 2015 and January 2016 in patients admitted to the labour ward of the Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Training and Research Hospital who subsequently underwent their first delivery by cesarean section...
February 3, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395867/oncological-management-and-obstetric-and-neonatal-outcomes-for-women-diagnosed-with-cancer-during-pregnancy-a-20-year-international-cohort-study-of-1170-patients
#19
Jorine de Haan, Magali Verheecke, Kristel Van Calsteren, Ben Van Calster, Roman G Shmakov, Mina Mhallem Gziri, Michael J Halaska, Robert Fruscio, Christianne A R Lok, Ingrid A Boere, Paolo Zola, Petronella B Ottevanger, Christianne J M de Groot, Fedro A Peccatori, Karina Dahl Steffensen, Elyce H Cardonick, Evgeniya Polushkina, Lukas Rob, Lorenzo Ceppi, Gennady T Sukhikh, Sileny N Han, Frédéric Amant
BACKGROUND: Awareness is growing that cancer can be treated during pregnancy, but the effect of this change on maternal and neonatal outcomes is unknown. The International Network on Cancer, Infertility and Pregnancy (INCIP) registers the incidence and maternal, obstetric, oncological, and neonatal outcomes of cancer occurring during pregnancy. We aimed to describe the oncological management and obstetric and neonatal outcomes of patients registered in INCIP and treated in the past 20 years, and assess associations between cancer type or treatment modality and obstetric and neonatal outcomes...
January 25, 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386453/-nutritional-status-of-japanese-women-of-childbearing-age-and-the-ideal-weight-range-for-pregnancy
#20
Kyoko Nomura, Hiroko Kodama, Michiko Kido
According to the recent 2015 Nutrition Survey, the prevalence of being underweight (Body Mass Index, BMI <18.5 kg/m2) among women in their 20s is 22.3%. Women of childbearing age tend to have a lower intake of protein and their total energy intake is lower than the requirements established by the 2015 Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese. There is a growing body of evidence showing that underweight women tend to bear small babies and that these babies have an increased risk of diabetes or cancer in their adulthood...
2018: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
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