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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822735/-the-care-of-skin-lesions-caused-by-extravasation-of-intravenous-fluids-in-peripheral-venous-perfusion
#1
C Ly
INTRODUCTION: Infiltration and extravasation account for 23-78 % of the complications stemming from peripheral venous perfusions in neonatal intensive care units. Their consequences, sometimes dramatic, can be pain, infections, or even loss of skin, which can lead to nerve and/or muscle damage, particularly severe for preterm neonates. Today there are no recommendations on the care of these lesions, which can lead to an erroneous choice or to a delay in the possible treatments. OBJECTIVE: This review of the literature aims to explore and propose elements of therapeutic care collected in the scientific literature...
August 16, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820870/controversies-in-the-identification-and-management-of-acute-pulmonary-hypertension-in-preterm-neonates
#2
REVIEW
Regan E Giesinger, Kiran More, Jodie Odame, Amish Jain, Robert P Jankov, Patrick J McNamara
It is increasingly recognized that the abnormal physiologic consequences of pulmonary hypertension (PH) may contribute to poor cardiopulmonary health in premature babies. Conflicting literature has led to clinical uncertainty, pathological misinterpretation and variability in treatment approaches among practitioners. There are several disorders with overlapping and interrelated presentations and other disorders with a similar clinical phenotype but diverse pathophysiological contributors. In this review, we provide a diagnostic approach for acute HRF in the preterm neonate, outline the pathophysiological conditions that may present as acute PH and discuss the implications of high pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) on the cardiovascular system...
August 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818851/inotropes-for-preterm-babies-during-the-transition-period-after-birth-friend-or-foe
#3
REVIEW
Heike Rabe, Hector Rojas-Anaya
During the transition to extrauterine life, preterm infants are at high risk of developing circulatory failure. Currently, hypotension is used as major diagnostic criteria for starting treatments such as fluid boluses, inotropes or steroids. Most of these treatment options have not been studied in large randomised controlled trials for efficacy and safety and are under discussions. A wide variety in their use is reported in the literature and clear evidence about which inotrope or other treatment should be preferred is lacking...
August 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818584/-neonatal-intoxication-to-vitamin-d-in-premature-babies-a-series-of-16%C3%A2-cases
#4
M Vierge, S Laborie, A Bertholet-Thomas, M-C Carlier, J-C Picaud, O Claris, J Bacchetta
INTRODUCTION: Preterm neonates are particularly at risk of vitamin D (25-D) deficiency. To prevent rickets and osteopenia in this population, international guidelines vary between 800 and 1000IU per day of vitamin D in Europe and recommend 400IU per day in the USA. Target levels of circulating 25-D are not well identified, with the lower target level 50-75nmol/L and the upper target level probably 120nmol/L. METHODS: Between 2013 and 2015, 16 premature infants (born<35WG) were referred to pediatric nephrology clinics because of symptoms secondary to 25-D overdose during the neonatal period...
August 14, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816393/sperm-donation-perinatal-outcomes-in-an-australian-population-cohort
#5
Damian Adams, Renae Fernandez, Vivienne Moore, Kristyn Willson, Alice Rumbold, Sheryl de Lacey, Wendy Scheil, Michael Davies
AIM: To compare perinatal outcomes for neonates conceived with donated sperm with those for neonates conceived spontaneously in an Australian population cohort. METHODS: Perinatal outcomes for all births in South Australia for the period January 1986-December 2002 were linked with assisted reproductive treatment records to determine those conceived from donated sperm. Birth outcome measures were analyzed using Student's t-test and logistic regression using generalized estimating equations to determine statistical significance...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816029/development-of-a-3d-tissue-lung-phantom-of-a-preterm-infant-for-optical-measurements-of-oxygen-laser-detector-position-considerations
#6
Jim Larsson, Peilang Liao, Patrik Lundin, Emilie Krite Svanberg, Johannes Swartling, Märta Lewander Xu, Joakim Bood, Stefan Andersson-Engels
There is a need for further improving the clinical care of our most vulnerable patients - preterm infants. Novel diagnostic and treatment tools facilitate such advances. Here we are evaluating a potential percutaneous optical monitoring tool to assess the oxygen and water vapor contents in the lungs of preterm babies. The aim is to prepare for further clinical studies by gaining detailed understanding of how the measured light intensity and gas absorption signal behave for different possible geometries of the light delivery and receiver...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811157/an-electronic-smart-watch-monitors-heart-rate-of-an-extremely-preterm-baby
#7
Yung-Chieh Lin, Kai-Che Wei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808302/effects-of-one-week-empirical-antibiotic-therapy-on-the-early-development-of-gut-microbiota-and-metabolites-in-preterm-infants
#8
Danping Zhu, Sa Xiao, Jialin Yu, Qing Ai, Yu He, Chen Cheng, Yunhui Zhang, Yun Pan
The early postnatal period is the most dynamic and vulnerable stage in the assembly of intestinal microbiota. Antibiotics are commonly prescribed to newborn preterm babies and are frequently used for a prolonged duration in China. We hypothesized that the prolonged antibiotic therapy would affect the early development of intestinal microbiota and their metabolites. To test this hypothesis, we analyzed the stool microbiota and metabolites in 36 preterm babies with or without antibiotic treatment. These babies were divided into three groups, including two groups treated with the combination of penicillin and moxalactam or piperacillin-tazobactam for 7 days, and the other group was free of antibiotics...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805261/pregnancy-outcomes-and-impact-of-pregnancy-on-graft-function-in-women-after-kidney-transplantation
#9
Fa Mohammadi, M Borg, A Gulyani, S P Mcdonald, S Jesudason
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplantation facilitates pregnancy in women with end-stage kidney disease, however impact of pregnancy on short and longer-term graft function is uncertain. METHODS: Obstetric, foetal and graft outcomes for pregnancies from a large Australian transplant unit (1976-2015) were reviewed. RESULTS: There were 56 pregnancies in 35 women with mean age at conception 30.4±0.6 years and mean transplant-pregnancy interval 5.5±0...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801981/pregnancy-outcomes-in-mothers-of-offspring-with-inherited-bone-marrow-failure-syndromes
#10
Neelam Giri, Helen D Reed, Pamela Stratton, Sharon A Savage, Blanche P Alter
BACKGROUND: Children with inherited bone marrow failure syndromes (IBMFSs) may be symptomatic in utero, resulting in maternal and fetal problems during the pregnancy. Subsequent pregnancies by their mothers should be considered "high risk". METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed outcomes of 575 pregnancies in 165 unaffected mothers of offspring with Fanconi anemia (FA), dyskeratosis congenita (DC), Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA), and Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) for events noted during pregnancy, labor, and delivery...
August 12, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797185/association-of-maternal-serum-homocysteine-concentration-levels-in-late-stage-of-pregnancy-with-preterm-births-a-nested-case-control-study
#11
Xiantao Qiu, Fei Gao, Yuanyuan Qiu, Junjie Bao, Xiaoqiong Gu, Yan Long, Fei Liu, Minmin Cai, Haiying Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between maternal serum homocysteine (Hcy) levels in the late stage of pregnancy and preterm birth. Other relevant biochemical parameters were measured to establish the normal reference interval of serum Hcy in both women in the late stage of pregnancy and neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The nested case-control study included 300 singleton pregnant women with preterm births between June 2013 and May 2015 and their premature delivered babies as a preterm group...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797126/development-of-salivary-cortisol-circadian-rhythm-in-preterm-infants
#12
Katrin Ivars, Nina Nelson, Annette Theodorsson, Elvar Theodorsson, Jakob O Ström, Evalotte Mörelius
OBJECTIVES: To investigate at what age preterm infants develop a salivary cortisol circadian rhythm and identify whether it is dependent on gestational age and/or postnatal age. To evaluate whether salivary cortisol circadian rhythm development is related to behavioral regularity. To elucidate salivary cortisol levels in preterm infants during the first year of life. METHODS: This prospective, longitudinal study included 51 preterm infants. 130 healthy full-term infants served as controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796061/analysis-of-early-onset-bloodstream-infection-due-to-escherichia-coli-infection-in-premature-babies
#13
I-Lun Chen, Hsin-Chun Huang, Chih-Te Wu, Mei-Chen Ou-Yang, Mei-Yung Chung, Chih-Cheng Chen, Jau-Ling Suen, Chih-Hsing Hung
In early-onset bacteremia among preterm neonates, Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the main pathogen and can cause a high mortality rate. Thus, the predictive factors of mortality and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E. coli in preterm babies with E. coli early-onset bacteremia were reported.We retrospectively reviewed preterm neonates who had E. coli bacteremia occurring within 3 days after birth between 2004 and 2015. Maternal and perinatal information were collected from their medical records and analyzed by comparing the survival and nonsurvival groups, and also the ESBL-producing and non-ESBL-producing E...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792500/malaria-malnutrition-and-birthweight-a-meta-analysis-using-individual-participant-data
#14
Jordan E Cates, Holger W Unger, Valerie Briand, Nadine Fievet, Innocent Valea, Halidou Tinto, Umberto D'Alessandro, Sarah H Landis, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Kathryn G Dewey, Feiko O Ter Kuile, Meghna Desai, Stephanie Dellicour, Peter Ouma, Julie Gutman, Martina Oneko, Laurence Slutsker, Dianne J Terlouw, Simon Kariuki, John Ayisi, Mwayiwawo Madanitsa, Victor Mwapasa, Per Ashorn, Kenneth Maleta, Ivo Mueller, Danielle Stanisic, Christentze Schmiegelow, John P A Lusingu, Anna Maria van Eijk, Melissa Bauserman, Linda Adair, Stephen R Cole, Daniel Westreich, Steven Meshnick, Stephen Rogerson
BACKGROUND: Four studies previously indicated that the effect of malaria infection during pregnancy on the risk of low birthweight (LBW; <2,500 g) may depend upon maternal nutritional status. We investigated this dependence further using a large, diverse study population. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We evaluated the interaction between maternal malaria infection and maternal anthropometric status on the risk of LBW using pooled data from 14,633 pregnancies from 13 studies (6 cohort studies and 7 randomized controlled trials) conducted in Africa and the Western Pacific from 1996-2015...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792107/intrafetal-laser-for-embryo-reduction-from-dichorionic-triplets-to-dichorionic-twins
#15
Petya Chaveeva, Gergana Peeva, Savino Gil Pugliese, Atanas Shterev, Kypros H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: To report the outcome of dichorionic (DC) triplet pregnancies reduced to DC twins by laser ablation of the pelvic vessels of one of the monochorionic twins. METHODS: Intrafetal laser embryo reduction (ER) from DC triplet to DC twins was carried out in 61 pregnancies at 11(+0) - 14(+3) weeks' gestation. Pregnancy outcome was examined and compared to previous studies in DC triplets managed expectantly or by ER to twins or singleton with fetal intracardiac injection of potassium chloride (KCl)...
August 9, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780501/birth-weight-trends-in-england-and-wales-1986-2012-babies-are-getting-heavier
#16
Rebecca Elisabeth Ghosh, Jacob Dag Berild, Anna Freni Sterrantino, Mireille B Toledano, Anna L Hansell
INTRODUCTION: Birth weight is a strong predictor of infant mortality, morbidity and later disease risk. Previous work from the 1980s indicated a shift in the UK towards heavier births; this descriptive analysis looks at more recent trends. METHODS: Office for National Statistics (ONS) registration data on 17.2 million live, single births from 1986 to 2012 were investigated for temporal trends in mean birth weight, potential years of birth weight change and changes in the proportions of very low (<1500 g), low (<2500 g) and high (≥4000 g) birth weight...
August 5, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779956/ultrasound-imaging-of-the-renal-parenchyma-of-premature-neonates-for-the-assessment-of-renal-growth-and-glomerulomegaly
#17
Sonja Brennan, Yogavijayan Kandasamy
Evidence is increasingly showing that prematurity results in chronic kidney disease. We hypothesized that we could use ultrasound imaging to measure and monitor the growth of the renal parenchyma in premature neonates. We conducted a prospective, case-control study to compare renal parenchymal growth between neonates born prematurely and term neonates. The study patients underwent ultrasound assessment at 32 wk postmenstrual age (PMA) and 37 wk PMA. Term neonates (gestation >37 completed wk) admitted to the neonatal unit with minor neonatal conditions were recruited into the control group...
August 2, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775124/low-alcohol-consumption-and-pregnancy-and-childhood-outcomes-time-to-change-guidelines-indicating-apparently-safe-levels-of-alcohol-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#18
Loubaba Mamluk, Hannah B Edwards, Jelena Savović, Verity Leach, Timothy Jones, Theresa H M Moore, Sharea Ijaz, Sarah J Lewis, Jenny L Donovan, Debbie Lawlor, George Davey Smith, Abigail Fraser, Luisa Zuccolo
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of low-to-moderate levels of maternal alcohol consumption in pregnancy on pregnancy and longer-term offspring outcomes. SEARCH STRATEGY: Medline, Embase, Web of Science and Psychinfo from inception to 11 July 2016. SELECTION CRITERIA: Prospective observational studies, negative control and quasiexperimental studies of pregnant women estimating effects of light drinking in pregnancy (≤32 g/week) versus abstaining...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770111/estimates-of-uterine-rupture-bad-outcomes-using-propensity-score-and-determinants-of-uterine-rupture-in-mizan-tepi-university-teaching-hospital-case-control-study
#19
Tegene Legese Dadi, Teklemariam Ergat Yarinbab
BACKGROUND: Uterine rupture is a tear in the wall of uterus which carries grave risks to the mother as well as her baby. OBJECTIVES: To estimate uterine rupture bad outcomes using propensity score and its determinants in Mizan-Tepi University teaching hospital. METHODS: A case control study on 363 participants, 121 cases and 242 controls, was conducted. Data was analyzed by STATA 14. Propensity score matching analysis was used to see causes...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758538/-you-can-only-give-warmth-to-your-baby-when-it-s-too-late-parents-bonding-with-their-extremely-preterm-and-dying-child
#20
Andrea Abraham, Manya J Hendriks
This study on end-of-life decisions in extremely preterm babies shows that the parents under study experience a multitude of stressors due to the immediate separation after birth, the alienating setting of the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), the physical distance to the child, medical uncertainties, and upcoming decisions. Even though they are considered to be parents (assigned parenthood), they cannot act as primary caregivers. Instead, they depend on professional instructions for access and care. Embodied parenthood can be experienced only at the end-of-life, that is, during the dying trajectory and after the child's death...
July 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
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