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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334559/sex-differences-in-faculty-rank-among-academic-surgeons-in-the-united-states-in-2014
#1
Daniel M Blumenthal, Regan W Bergmark, Nikhila Raol, Jordan D Bohnen, Jean Anderson Eloy, Stacey T Gray
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate sex differences in full professorship among a comprehensive, contemporary cohort of US academic surgeons. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous work demonstrates that women are less likely than men to be full professors in academic medicine, and in certain surgical subspecialties. Whether sex differences in academic rank exist across all surgical fields, and after adjustment for confounders, is not known. METHODS: A comprehensive list of surgeons with faculty appointments at US medical schools in 2014 was obtained from Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) faculty roster and linked to a comprehensive physician database from Doximity, an online physician networking website, which contained the following data for all physicians: sex, age, years since residency, publication number (total and first/last author), clinical trials participation, National Institutes of Health grants, and surgical subspecialty...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333471/sectional-anatomy-quiz-ii
#2
Rashid Hashmi
This mage-based series comprises of a quiz pertaining to the identification of salient and important anatomical structures and landmarks expected to be seen at a given level on the computed tomography (CT). The representative image is followed by a series of images showing the examples of different commonly encountered pathological entities that can be seen at this level in a routine clinical practice. Readers are encouraged to identify the highlighted anatomical structures and landmarks in all the images and appreciate the alterations in the appearance of the normal structures resulting from the presence of a pathology...
2018: Asia Oceania Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332773/does-medical-staffing-influence-perceived-safety-an-international-survey-on-medical-crew-models-in-helicopter-emergency-medical-services
#3
Kristen Rasmussen, Jo Røislien, Stephen J M Sollid
OBJECTIVE: The competence, composition, and number of crewmembers have generally been considered to influence the degree of patient care and safety in helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS), but evidence to support the advantages of one crew concept over another is ambiguous; additionally, the benefit of physicians as crewmembers is still highly debated. METHODS: To compare perceived safety in different medical crew models, we surveyed international HEMS medical directors regarding the types of crew compositions their system currently used and their supportive rationales and to evaluate patient and flight safety within their services...
January 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332187/human-bite-injuries-to-the-head-and-neck-current-trends-and-management-protocols-in-england-and-wales
#4
Glyndwr W Jenkins, Robert Isaac, Shakir Mustafa
INTRODUCTION: Human bite injuries can be challenging in their presentation to the examining physician. In a study by Merchant et al., 18% of patients presenting with a human bite injury had suffered wounds to the head and neck region. Current trends in their initial management at presentation to emergency departments throughout England and Wales will be discussed in this paper. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A postal survey was sent out to 100 A&E lead clinicians. This was followed up by telephone enquiries to improve the response rate...
January 14, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330932/influences-for-gender-disparity-in-dermatology-in-north-america
#5
Ahmed Shah, Sabeena Jalal, Faisal Khosa
BACKGROUND: Despite constituting half the population, women represent a minority of active physicians and hold a small proportion of faculty leadership positions in North America. However, dermatology is one of the few specialties where women comprise a substantial portion of the workforce. This study explores extent and contributors to gender disparity in academic dermatology faculty positions, leadership, and research. METHODS: We collected data on academic faculty including leadership from the websites of accredited U...
February 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330241/primary-care-physician-involvement-in-shared-decision-making-for-critically-ill-patients-and-family-satisfaction-with-care
#6
Kevin B Huang, Urs Weber, Jennifer Johnson, Nathanial Anderson, Andrea K Knies, Belinda Nhundu, Cynthia Bautista, Kelly Poskus, Kevin N Sheth, David Y Hwang
PURPOSE: An intensive care unit (ICU) patient's primary care physician (PCP) may be able to assist family with certain ICU shared medical decisions. We explored whether families of patients in nonopen ICUs who nevertheless report involvement of a patient's PCP in medical decision making are more satisfied with ICU shared decision making than families who do not. METHODS: Between March 2013 and December 2015, we administered the Family Satisfaction in the ICU 24 survey to family members of adult neuroscience ICU patients...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329507/differences-in-salaries-of-physician-assistants-in-the-usa-by-race-ethnicity-and-sex
#7
Darron Smith, Cardell Jacobson
Objectives Data from the Academy of American Physician Assistants have suggested there are no differences in salaries by race and ethnic group. Our objective was to compare salaries of physician assistants for different racial and ethnic groups and sexes using another data source. Methods Data from the American Community Surveys (2010-2012) to examine pay differentials of physician assistants. Ordinary least squares regression analysis to compare the salaries of males and females, and those of racial and ethnic groups...
January 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325183/validation-of-the-modified-surgeon-periorbital-rating-of-edema-and-ecchymosis-spree-questionnaire-a-prospective-analysis-of-facial-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-procedures
#8
Jeremie D Oliver, Deanna Menapace, Ahmed Younes, Chelsey Recker, Grant Hamilton, Oren Friedman
Although periorbital edema and ecchymosis are commonly encountered after facial plastic and reconstructive surgery procedures, there is currently no validated grading scale to qualify these findings. In this study, the modified "Surgeon Periorbital Rating of Edema and Ecchymosis (SPREE)" questionnaire is used as a grading scale for patients undergoing facial plastic surgery procedures. This article aims to validate a uniform grading scale for periorbital edema and ecchymosis using the modified SPREE questionnaire in the postoperative period...
January 11, 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321134/efficacy-of-a-chronic-care-based-intervention-on-secondary-stroke-prevention-among-vulnerable-stroke-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Eric M Cheng, William E Cunningham, Amytis Towfighi, Nerses Sanossian, Robert J Bryg, Thomas L Anderson, Frances Barry, Susan M Douglas, Lillie Hudson, Monica Ayala-Rivera, Jeffrey J Guterman, Sandra Gross-Schulman, Sylvia Beanes, Andrea S Jones, Honghu Liu, Barbara G Vickrey
BACKGROUND: Disparities of care among stroke survivors are well documented. Effective interventions to improve recurrent stroke preventative care in vulnerable populations are lacking. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a randomized controlled trial, we tested the efficacy of components of a chronic care model-based intervention versus usual care among 404 subjects having an ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack within 90 days of enrollment and receiving care within the Los Angeles public healthcare system...
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321112/the-evaluation-and-management-of-urolithiasis-in-the-emergency-department-a-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Michael Gottlieb, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Urolithiasis is a common condition in the U.S. Patients frequently present to the emergency department (ED) for care, including analgesia and treatments to facilitate stone passage. OBJECTIVE: With the new evidence concerning the evaluation and treatment of urolithiasis, this review summarizes current literature regarding the ED management of urolithiasis. DISCUSSION: Urolithiasis occurs primarily through supersaturation of urine and commonly presents with flank pain, hematuria, and nausea/vomiting...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320381/a-brief-interview-to-detect-panic-attacks-and-panic-disorder-in-emergency-department-patients-with-cardiopulmonary-complaints
#11
Sharon C Sung, A John Rush, Arul Earnest, Leslie E C Lim, Maeve P P Pek, Joen M F Choi, Magdalene P K Ng, Marcus E H Ong
OBJECTIVES: Patients with panic-related anxiety often initially present to the emergency department (ED) complaining of respiratory or cardiac symptoms, but rates of detection of panic symptoms by ED physicians remain low. This study was undertaken to evaluate the relevance of panic attacks and panic disorder in ED patients who present with cardiopulmonary symptoms and to determine whether a brief symptom-based tool could be constructed to assist in rapid recognition of panic-related anxiety in the ED setting...
January 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319649/decreasing-radiation-exposure-in-pediatric-trauma-related-to-cervical-spine-clearance-a-quality-improvement-project
#12
Valerie Ann Waddell, Susan Connelly
STUDY DESIGN: Quality improvement project. OBJECTIVES: Reduce the amount of radiation exposure in the pediatric trauma population 5 years of age and older in relation to cervical spine clearance. BACKGROUND: The evaluation of pediatric cervical spine injuries must be accurate and timely to avoid missed injuries. The difficult clinical examination in pediatric trauma patients necessitates the use of radiologic examinations to avoid missing catastrophic injuries...
January 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317945/primary-jejunal-adenocarcinoma-presenting-as-bilateral-ovarian-metastasis
#13
Emmanuel Ofori, Daryl Ramai, Charilaos Papafragkakis, Kinesh Changela, Mahesh Krishnaiah
Small intestinal tumors are rare with adenocarcinoma of the small intestine accounting for less than 2% of all gastrointestinal cancers. Primary jejunal adenocarcinoma constitutes a minute portion of small intestine adenocarcinomas. Clinically, this cancer presents at latter stages of its progression, mainly due to vague and non-specific symptoms, and the difficulty encountered in accessing the jejunum on upper endoscopy. Diagnosis of jejunal adenocarcinoma is usually inconclusive with the use of computed tomography (CT) scan, small bowel series, or upper endoscopy...
December 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314288/the-limitations-of-dermoscopy-false-positive-and-false-negative-tumors
#14
REVIEW
V Papageorgiou, Z Apalla, E Sotiriou, C Papageorgiou, E Lazaridou, S Vakirlis, D Ioannides, A Lallas
Dermoscopy has been documented to increase the diagnostic accuracy of clinicians evaluating skin tumors, improving their ability to detect skin cancer and better recognize benign moles. However, dermoscopically "false positive" and "false negative" tumors do exist. False positive diagnosis usually leads to unnecessary excisions. False negative diagnosis is much more dangerous, since it might result in overlooking a cancer, with severe undesirable consequences for the patient and the physician. Therefore, management strategies should mainly focus on addressing the risk of dermoscopically false negative tumors...
January 5, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313652/lung-cancer-smoking-cessation
#15
Kelly M Latimer
Smoking cessation for patients who smoke should be a top priority for physicians. Nicotine dependence should be considered a chronic disease, with the expectation that relapse is normal. The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that physicians screen all adults for tobacco use, advise them to stop using tobacco, and provide behavioral interventions and Food and Drug Administration-approved pharmacotherapy for cessation to adults who use tobacco. It also recommends use of the 5 As (ie, Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, Arrange) in discussing tobacco use with patients...
January 2018: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313125/update-regarding-the-society-of-american-gastrointestinal-and-endoscopic-surgeons-sages-grant-distribution-and-impact-on-recipient-s-academic-career
#16
Christopher DuCoin, Rebecca P Petersen, David Urbach, Rajesh Aggarwal, Atul K Madan, Aurora D Pryor
BACKGROUND: Small seed grants strongly impact academic careers, result in future funding, and lead to increased involvement in surgical societies. We hypothesize that, in accordance with the SAGES Research and Career Development committee mission, there has been a shift in grant support from senior faculty to residents and junior faculty. We hypothesize that these junior physician-researchers are subsequently remaining involved with SAGES and advancing within their academic institutions...
January 8, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311179/medical-interpreters-in-outpatient-practice
#17
Barb Jacobs, Anne M Ryan, Katherine S Henrichs, Barry D Weiss
This article provides an overview of the federal requirements related to providing interpreter services for non-English-speaking patients in outpatient practice. Antidiscrimination provisions in federal law require health programs and clinicians receiving federal financial assistance to take reasonable steps to provide meaningful access to individuals with limited English proficiency who are eligible for or likely to be encountered in their health programs or activities. Federal financial assistance includes grants, contracts, loans, tax credits and subsidies, as well as payments through Medicaid, the Children's Health Insurance Program, and most Medicare programs...
January 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311172/the-influence-of-family-physicians-within-the-south-african-district-health-system-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Klaus B von Pressentin, Robert J Mash, Laurel Baldwin-Ragaven, Roelf Petrus Gerhardus Botha, Indiran Govender, Wilhelm Johannes Steinberg, Tonya M Esterhuizen
PURPOSE: Evidence of the influence of family physicians on health care is required to assist managers and policy makers with human resource planning in Africa. The international argument for family physicians derives mainly from research in high-income countries, so this study aimed to evaluate the influence of family physicians on the South African district health system. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional observational study in 7 South African provinces, comparing 15 district hospitals and 15 community health centers (primary care facilities) with family physicians and the same numbers without family physicians...
January 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308378/an-analysis-of-hospital-accreditation-policy-in-iran
#19
Taraneh Yousefinezhadi, Ali Mohammad Mosadeghrad, Mohammad Arab, Mozhdeh Ramezani, Ali Akbari Sari
Background: Public policymaking is complex and lacks research evidences, particularly in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). This policy analysis aims to generate insights about the process of hospital accreditation policy making in Iran, to identify factors influencing policymaking and to evaluate utilization of evidence in policy making process. Methods: The study examined the policymaking process using Walt and Gilson framework. A qualitative research design was employed...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306968/the-impact-of-third-trimester-genetic-counseling
#20
Reuven Sharony, Offra Engel, Shira Litz-Philipsborn, Rivka Sukenik-Halevy, Tal Biron-Shental, Mark I Evans
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of genetic counseling (GC) during the third trimester by analyzing changes in pregnancy management and the correlation with postnatal findings. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. Pregnancy course and neonatal follow-up were analyzed according to the reason for referral and implementation of recommendations. RESULTS: The records of neonates born to 181 women were retrieved. Fifty-two women (group 1-29%) qualified for pregnancy termination under Israeli guidelines and laws, and 129 (group 2-71%) were not at the time they were referred...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
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