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Moderate traumatic brain injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926484/alcohol-and-drug-use-before-and-during-the-first-year-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Simon Beaulieu-Bonneau, Frédéric St-Onge, Marie-Claude Blackburn, Andrée Banville, Andrée-Anne Paradis-Giroux, Marie-Christine Ouellet
OBJECTIVES: To compare individuals with mild and moderate/severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) on alcohol and drug use and substance use disorders before and in the first year post-TBI; to explore sociodemographic and injury-related variables associated with substance use disorders. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 225 adults hospitalized in a level I trauma center after TBI. DESIGN: Observational cohort study with retrospective (pre-TBI) and prospective (4, 8, and 12 months post-TBI) assessments...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926479/fatigue-following-traumatic-brain-injury-in-children-and-adolescents-a-longitudinal-follow-up-6-to-12-months-after-injury
#2
Alison Crichton, Vicki Anderson, Ed Oakley, Mardee Greenham, Stephen Hearps, Carmel Delzoppo, Miriam H Beauchamp, James S Hutchison, Anne-Marie Guerguerian, Kathy Boutis, Franz E Babl
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal fatigue data in children suffering from traumatic brain injury (TBI) are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of time postinjury (6-12 months) and injury severity on fatigue after childhood TBI. Secondarily, we compared fatigue 12 months postinjury against published control data. SETTING: Three tertiary children's hospitals across Australia (n = 1) and Canada (n = 2). PARTICIPANTS: Parents (n = 109) of children (mean [M] = 9...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925733/comparison-of-the-buschke-selective-reminding-test-and-the-california-verbal-learning-test-second-edition-in-a-heterogeneous-sample-of-people-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Damian Leitner, Harry Miller, Maya Libben
This study examined score and classification differences between the Buschke Selective Reminding Test (SRT) and the California Verbal Learning Test - Second Edition (CVLT-II) in a TBI sample. Seventy-nine participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI) were included and were comprised of 49 mild TBI, 11 moderate TBI, and 14 severe TBI. The majority of participants with mild TBI were involved in litigation. Scores were compared between the CVLT-II and SRT on the total sample and after segregating TBI severity...
September 19, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922182/the-use-of-the-model-of-occupational-self-efficacy-in-improving-the-cognitive-functioning-of-individuals-with-brain-injury-a-pre-and-post-intervention-study
#4
Shaheed Soeker
BACKGROUND: Individuals diagnosed with a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) often experience major limitations in returning to work despite participating in rehabilitation programmes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine whether individuals who sustained a traumatic brain injury experienced improved cognitive functioning after participating in an intervention programme that utilizes the Model of Occupational Self-Efficacy (MOOSE). PARTICIPANTS: Ten (10) individuals who were diagnosed with a mild to moderate brain injury participated in the study...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922176/cognition-and-return-to-work-after-mild-moderate-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#5
Karthik Mani, Bryan Cater, Akshay Hudlikar
BACKGROUND: Approximately two percent of the United States population are traumatic brain injury (TBI) survivors. The unemployment rate among them is substantial. Cognitive skills are essential to perform any job. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the literature on cognitive rehabilitation (CR) related to mild/moderate TBI to learn the influence of cognition on return to work (RTW) post TBI. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of the studies on CR related to RTW post TBI that were published between 2000 and 2015...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922175/project-career-perceived-benefits-of-ipad-apps-among-college-students-with-traumatic-brain-injury-tbi
#6
K Jacobs, A Leopold, D J Hendricks, E Sampson, A Nardone, K B Lopez, P Rumrill, C Stauffer, E Elias, M Scherer, J Dembe
BACKGROUND: Project Career is an interprofessional five-year development project designed to improve academic and employment success of undergraduate students with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) at two- and four-year colleges and universities. Students receive technology in the form of iPad applications ("apps") to support them in and out of the classroom. OBJECTIVE: To assess participants' perspectives on technology at baseline and perceived benefit of apps after 6 and 12 months of use...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919828/jugular-bulb-oxygen-saturation-correlates-with-full-outline-of-responsiveness-score-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-patients
#7
Tjokorda Gde Agung Senapathi, Made Wiryana, Ketut Sinardja, Ketut Wibawa Nada, Ida Bagus Krisna Jaya Sutawan, Christopher Ryalino, Aloysius Alphonso
BACKGROUND: Maintaining brain oxygenation status is the main goal of treatment in severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Jugular venous oxygen saturation (SjvO2) monitoring is a technique to estimate global balance between cerebral oxygen supply and its metabolic requirement. Full Outline of Responsiveness (FOUR) score, a new consciousness measurement scoring, is expected to become an alternative for Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) in evaluating neurologic status of patients with severe traumatic head injury, especially for those under mechanical ventilation...
2017: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918103/rasch-analysis-dimensionality-and-scoring-of-the-neuropsychiatric-inventory-npi-irritability-and-aggression-subscales-in-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
James F Malec, Timothy E Stump, Patrick O Monahan, Jacob Kean, Dawn Neumann, Flora M Hammond
OBJECTIVE: To develop, for versions completed by individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and an observer, a more precise metric for the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) Irritability and Aggression scales using all behavioral item ratings for use with individuals with TBI and address the dimensionality of the represented behavioral domains. DESIGN: Rasch and confirmatory factor analyses of retrospective baseline NPI data from three treatment studies. SETTING: Postacute rehabilitation clinic...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918102/the-minimal-clinically-important-difference-for-the-rasch-neuropsychiatric-inventory-irritability-and-aggression-scale-for-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
James F Malec, Flora M Hammond
OBJECTIVE: To determine the Minimal Clinically Important Difference (MCID) for a Rasch measure derived from the Irritability/Lability and Agitation/Aggression subscales of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI-TBI-IA). DESIGN: Distribution-based statistical methods were applied to retrospective data to determine candidates for the MCID. These candidates were evaluated by anchoring the NPI-TBI-IA to Global Impression of Change (GIC) ratings by participants, significant others, and a supervising physician...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901780/cognitive-correlates-of-pragmatic-language-comprehension-in-adult-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#10
Dane A Rowley, Miles Rogish, Timothy Alexander, Kevin J Riggs
Effective pragmatic comprehension of language is critical for successful communication and interaction, but this ability is routinely impaired following Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) (1,2). Individual studies have investigated the cognitive domains associated with impaired pragmatic comprehension, but there remains little understanding of the relative importance of these domains in contributing to pragmatic comprehension impairment following TBI. This paper presents a systematic meta-analytic review of the observed correlations between pragmatic comprehension and cognitive processes following TBI...
September 13, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900824/external-nasal-neuralgia-an-update
#11
REVIEW
Hida Nierenburg, Morgane Swift Morris
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: External nasal neuralgia is a rare syndrome of atypical facial pain for which there is limited reports in the scientific literature. We aim to review diagnosis and provide an update on treatments for this rare condition. RECENT FINDINGS: Etiology has been documented as post-traumatic due to direct trauma to the nose area and in few case reports, idiopathic. Sensory innervation of the nose arises from the ophthalmic and maxillary divisions of the trigeminal nerve...
September 13, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900380/meta-analysis-of-neuron-specific-enolase-in-predicting-pediatric-brain-injury-outcomes
#12
Babak Nakhjavan-Shahraki, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Alireza Oraii, Arash Sarveazad, Mostafa Hosseini
A reliable biomarker has not been identified to predict the outcome of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children. Therefore, the present systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the association between neuron specific enolase (NSE) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children. Two independent reviewers searched electronic databases of EMBASE, Cochrane library, Medline and Scopus and then they summarized the results and did a quality control check. At the end, standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95 % confidence interval (CI) and performance of NSE were assessed...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898709/pragmatic-skills-after-childhood-traumatic-brain-injury-parents-perspectives
#13
Casey S Keck, Nancy A Creaghead, Lyn S Turkstra, Lisa M Vaughn, Lisa N Kelchner
The purpose of this study was to characterize pragmatic deficits after childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) within the home environment social contexts where they occur. We used a descriptive qualitative approach to describe parents' experiences in communicating with their child with TBI. Participants were ten mothers of children ages 6-12 years who had sustained a moderate to severe TBI more than one year prior to the study. Mothers' experiences were collected through semi-structured interviews and questionnaires...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898132/staged-residential-post-acute-rehabilitation-for-adults-following-acquired-brain-injury-a-comparison-of-functional-gains-rated-on-the-uk-functional-assessment-measure-uk-fim-fam-and-the-mayo-portland-adaptability-inventory-mpai-4
#14
Diana Jackson, Karla Seaman, Kristylee Sharp, Rachel Singer, Janet Wagland, Lynne Turner-Stokes
OBJECTIVE: To compare the UK Functional Assessment Measure (UK FIM+FAM) and Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory (MPAI-4) as measures of functional change in patients with brain injury receiving a staged residential post-acute community-based rehabilitation programme. RESEARCH DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study of consecutive admissions (N = 42) over 3 years. METHODS: Patients were assessed at admission and discharge/annual review. We examined groups according to stage of independence on admission: Maximum support (stages 1 and 2: N = 17); moderate/maximum self-care/household support (stage 3: N = 15); minimal self-care and moderate household/community support (stages 4-6: N = 10)...
September 12, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891909/improving-emotion-regulation-following-web-based-group-intervention-for-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Theodore Tsaousides, Lisa Spielman, Maria Kajankova, Gabrielle Guetta, Wayne Gordon, Kristen Dams-OʼConnor
OBJECTIVE: Preliminary evaluation of the efficacy of a Web-based group intervention (Online EmReg) to improve emotion regulation (ER) in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: Pre-/post-within-subject design with baseline, end-of-treatment, and 12-week follow-up assessments. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-one individuals with TBI and deficits in ER. INTERVENTION: Twenty-four sessions of training in ER skills delivered by group videoconference...
September 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891908/potential-impact-of-amantadine-on-aggression-in-chronic-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Flora M Hammond, James F Malec, Ross D Zafonte, Mark Sherer, Jennifer Bogner, Sureyya Dikmen, Marybeth P Whitney, Kathleen R Bell, Susan M Perkins, Elizabeth A Moser
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of amantadine on anger and aggression among individuals with a chronic traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: A cohort of 118 persons with chronic TBI (>6 months postinjury) and moderate-severe aggression selected from a larger cohort of 168 participants enrolled in a parallel-group, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of amantadine 100 mg twice daily (n = 82) versus placebo (n = 86) for treatment of irritability were studied...
September 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887487/trkb-enhancer-facilitates-functional-recovery-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
John Marshall, Joanna Szmydynger-Chodobska, Mengia S Rioult-Pedotti, Kara Lau, Andrea T Chin, Siva K Reddy Kotla, Rakesh Kumar Tiwari, Keykavous Parang, Steven W Threlkeld, Adam Chodobski
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a key player in regulating synaptic strength and learning, is dysregulated following traumatic brain injury (TBI), suggesting that stimulation of BDNF signaling pathways may facilitate functional recovery. This study investigates whether CN2097, a peptidomimetic ligand which targets the synaptic scaffold protein, postsynaptic density protein 95, to enhance downstream signaling of tropomyosin-related kinase B, a receptor for BDNF, can improve neurological function after TBI...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881122/traumatic-brain-injury-in-children-under-age-24-months-analysis-of-demographic-data-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-post-traumatic-seizure
#18
Sang-Youl Yoon, Yeon-Ju Choi, Seong-Hyun Park, Jeong-Hyun Hwang, Sung Kyoo Hwang
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children under age 24 months has characteristic features because the brain at this age is rapidly growing and sutures are opened. Moreover, children this age are completely dependent on their parents. We analyzed the demographic data and risk factors for outcomes in TBI patients in this age group to elucidate their clinical characteristics. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records and radiological films of children under 24 months who were admitted to Kyungpook National University Hospital from January 2004 to December 2013 for TBI...
September 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875887/the-spectrum-and-outcome-of-paediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-in-kwazulu-natal-province-south-africa-has-not-changed-over-the-last-two-decades
#19
J J P Buitendag, V Y Kong, J L Bruce, G L Laing, D L Clarke, P Brysiewicz
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective review of a prospectively entered and maintained hybrid electronic trauma registry was intended to develop a comprehensive overview of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children and adolescents and to compare it with previous audits from our local environment and from other developing world centres. All TBI patients admitted to hospital were included in this study. We reviewed the age, gender, outcomes, radiological findings and treatment of the patients. METHODS: All patients aged ≤18 years old who were admitted by the Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service (PMTS) with TBI between December 2012 and December 2016 were included in this audit...
August 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874922/an-overview-of-the-use-of-neurofeedback-biofeedback-for-the-treatment-of-symptoms-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-military-and-civilian-populations
#20
REVIEW
Sarah N Gray
Background: Neurofeedback, a type of biofeedback, is an operant conditioning treatment that has been studied for use in the treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in both civilian and military populations. In this approach, users are able to see or hear representations of data related to their own physiologic responses to triggers, such as stress or distraction, in real time and, with practice, learn to alter these responses in order to reduce symptoms and/or improve performance. Objective: This article provides a brief overview of the use of biofeedback, focusing on neurofeedback, for symptoms related to TBI, with applications for both civilian and military populations, and describes a pilot study that is currently underway looking at the effects of a commercial neurofeedback device on patients with mild-to-moderate TBIs...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
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