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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916344/image-guided-percutaneous-omental-and-mesenteric-biopsy-assessment-of-technical-success-rate-and-diagnostic-yield
#1
Harshna V Vadvala, Vanessa Fiorini Furtado, Avinash Kambadakone, Nathan E Frenk, Peter R Mueller, Ronald S Arellano
PURPOSE: To assess biopsy technique, technical success rate, and diagnostic yield of image-guided percutaneous biopsy of omental and mesenteric lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 186 patients (89 men, 97 women; mean [SD] age, 63 [13.8] y) who underwent percutaneous image-guided biopsy of omentum and mesentery between March 2007 and August 2015. Biopsies were performed with computed tomography (CT) (n = 172) or ultrasound (US) (n = 14) guidance using coaxial technique yielding core and fine-needle aspiration (FNA) specimens...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901960/sudden-death-in-an-adult-due-to-nontraumatic-diaphragmatic-hernia
#2
Hideaki Kato, Yasuhiro Aoki, Jun Ohtaki, Yoshimi Nakamura, Mohammed Hassan Gaballah, Mamiko Fukuta, Katsumasa Kobayashi
Sudden death due to diaphragmatic hernia in an adult is exceptionally rare. A 43-year-old man was found dead by his cohabiting mother, lying supine on the floor in his house. He had complained of epigastric discomfort for 1 month, and respiratory symptoms occurred 1 day before his death. He had no history of trauma. Postmortem computed tomography scan revealed the enlarged fluid-filled stomach herniated into the left pleural cavity, compressing the left lung with a mediastinal shift to the right. At autopsy, the left pleural cavity was occupied by herniated abdominal contents with mediastinal shift...
September 9, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900071/a-case-of-non-islet-cell-tumor-hypoglycemia-nicth-associated-with-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-gist
#3
John M Wilson, Jessica Ginsberg, Karen Cutts, Steve Urban
BACKGROUND Non-islet cell tumor hypoglycemia (NICTH) is a newly recognized, but uncommon, paraneoplastic syndrome that is associated with tumors of mesenchymal origin. We report a case of NICTH associated with a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). CASE REPORT A 60-year-old man presented to the emergency department of our hospital after being found unconscious in his home. His serum blood glucose on hospital admission was 40 mg/dL. He reported a three-month history of diffuse abdominal pain, fatigue, and blurred vision...
September 13, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893602/raltegravir-blocks-the-infectivity-of-red-fluorescent-protein-mcherry-labeled-hiv-1jr-fl-in-the-setting-of-post-exposure-prophylaxis-in-nod-scid-jak3-mice-transplanted-with-human-pbmcs
#4
Hiromi Ogata-Aoki, Nobuyo Higashi-Kuwata, Shin-Ichiro Hattori, Hironori Hayashi, Matthew Danish, Manabu Aoki, Chiemi Shiotsu, Yumi Hashiguchi, Akinobu Hamada, Hisataka Kobayashi, Hironobu Ihn, Seiji Okada, Hiroaki Mitsuya
Employing NOD/SCID/Jak3(-/-) mice transplanted with human PBMCs (hNOJ mice) and replication-competent, red-fluorescent-protein (mCherry; mC)-labeled HIV-1JR-FL (HIVmC), we examined whether early antiretroviral treatment blocked the establishment of HIV-1 infection. The use of hNOJ mice and HIVmC enabled us to visually locate infection foci and to examine the early dynamics of HIVmC infection without using a large amount of antiretroviral unlike in non-human primate models. Although when raltegravir (RAL) administration was begun 1 day after intraperitoneal (ip) inoculation of HIVmC, no plasma p24 or plasma HIV-1-RNA (pRNA) were detected in 10 of 12 hNOJ (hNOJmC(RAL+)) mice over 14-day observation, all 10 untreated hNOJmC (hNOJmC(RAL-)) mice became positive for p24 and pRNA and had significantly swollen lymph nodes in peritoneal cavity and abundant p24(+)/mC(+)/CD3(+)/CD4(+) T cells and p24(+)/mC(+)/CD68(+) monocytes/macrophages were identified in their omenta and mesenteric lymphoid tissues/lymph nodes...
September 8, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886391/combined-pancreatic-and-duodenal-transection-injury-a-case-report
#5
Simbarashe Gift Mungazi, Chenesa Mbanje, Onesai Chihaka, Noah Madziva
INTRODUCTION: Combined pancreatic-duodenal injuries in blunt abdominal trauma are rare. These injuries are associated with high morbidity and mortality, and their emergent management is a challenge. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of combined complete pancreatic (through the neck) and duodenal (first part) transections in a 24-year-old male secondary to blunt abdominal trauma following a motor vehicle crash. The duodenal stumps were closed separately and a gastrojejunostomy performed for intestinal continuity...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883736/omentum-flap-as-a-salvage-procedure-in-deep-sternal-wound-infection
#6
Nick Spindler, Christian D Etz, Martin Misfeld, Christoph Josten, Friedrich-Wilhelm Mohr, Stefan Langer
INTRODUCTION: Deep sternal wound infections (DSWIs) are rare but devastating complication after median sternotomy following cardiac surgery. Especially in the presence of artificial material or inadequate preliminary muscle flaps, the pedicled omentum flap is due to its immunological properties, the predetermined flap in salvage procedures. METHODS: We treated 14 patients suffering a mediastinitis and open thorax using a pedicled omentoplasty as a salvage procedure because of persisting DSWIs...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871557/anatomy-of-the-transverse-mesocolon-based-on-embryology-for-laparoscopic-complete-mesocolic-excision-of-right-sided-colon-cancer
#7
Takeru Matsuda, Yasuo Sumi, Kimihiro Yamashita, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Masashi Yamamoto, Yoshiko Matsuda, Shingo Kanaji, Taro Oshikiri, Tetsu Nakamura, Satoshi Suzuki, Yoshihiro Kakeji
BACKGROUND: To treat colon cancer via complete mesocolic excision (CME) with central vascular ligation (CVL), dissection along the embryologic fusion planes is required. However, this surgery is difficult, especially for right-sided colon cancer, because the anatomy and embryology of the transverse mesocolon are not familiar to gastrointestinal surgeons. METHODS: In this video article, the anatomic details of the transverse mesocolon based on embryology are illustrated with a focus on the venous anatomy...
September 5, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862743/negative-pressure-therapy-versus-passive-open-abdominal-drainage-for-the-treatment-of-septic-peritonitis-in-dogs-a-randomized-prospective-study
#8
Anneleen L Spillebeen, Joris H Robben, Rachel Thomas, Jolle Kirpensteijn, Sebastiaan A van Nimwegen
OBJECTIVE: To compare passive open abdominal drainage (POAD) and negative-pressure abdominal drainage (NPAD) using the ABThera™ system in the treatment of septic peritonitis. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized prospective clinical trial. ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 16) with septic peritonitis. METHODS: Dogs with septic peritonitis were randomly assigned to one of two treatment protocols: NPAD versus POAD. Anesthesia time, operating time, duration of drainage, costs, survival, and complications were compared between techniques...
September 1, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859205/acute-abdomen-syndrome-due-to-spontaneous-intraperitoneal-bladder-rupture-following-vaginal-delivery
#9
Dubravko Habek, Ingrid Marton, Ana Tikvica Luetic, Matija Prka, Zeljka Kuljak, Krešimir Živković, Mario Cenkovčan, Berislav Mazuran
We report a rare case of spontaneous intraperitoneal bladder rupture following normal vaginal delivery without concomitant uterine rupture. Key diagnostic clinical features were acute renal failure, new-onset ascites and bowel ileus with urosepsis. Laparotomy and bladder repair with omentum patch were performed with no adverse outcome reported.
August 31, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856016/difficulties-in-differentiating-the-nature-of-ascites-based-on-ultrasound-imaging
#10
Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz
Transabdominal ultrasound not always allows to determine the nature of ascites based solely on its characteristics. AIM: The aim of the study was to present difficulties in determining the nature of ascites using transabdominal ultrasonography solely based on extra-organ lesions as well as, after the inclusion of the overall abdominal assessment and the clinical picture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 18 patients with non-neoplastic ascites and 62 patients with neoplastic ascites whose final diagnosis was based on cytological and histopathological findings were evaluated between 2005 and 2015...
June 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852857/efficacy-of-laparoscopic-herniorrhaphy-for-treating-incarcerated-pediatric-inguinal-hernia
#11
S R Lee
PURPOSE: Inguinal hernia repair is one of the most common elective surgeries. Most patients present with reducible inguinal bulging; however, in cases of incarcerated inguinal hernia (IIH), an emergency surgery is required. Here, we report the surgical outcomes of a laparoscopic approach for IIH. METHODS: Laparoscopic herniorrhaphy was performed in 4782 pediatric patients from September 2012 to December 2016 at Damsoyu Hospital, Seoul, Korea. Among them, the surgical outcomes of 164 IIH patients were retrospectively analyzed...
August 29, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852466/an-omental-fibroma-resembling-a-testicular-tumour-but-presented-as-an-irreducible-inguinal-hernia
#12
Phong Jhiew Khoo, Stephen Jacob
We present a case of omental fibroma, which posed a surgical diagnostic dilemma. Primary tumours of the omentum are uncommon, and omental fibromas account for 2% of these. The rarity of omental fibroma and paucity of available information hamper an accurate diagnosis. In this particular case, the diagnostic process was misleading. The history was classical of an irreducible inguinal hernia, but the physical examination and imaging studies were suggestive of a testicular tumour. However, intraoperatively, an omental tumour and a normal testicle were found in the scrotum...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844535/outcomes-of-laparoscopic-inguinal-herniorrhaphy-in-female-pediatric-patients-particularly-those-with-ovarian-hernias
#13
Sung Ryul Lee
PURPOSE: Inguinal hernia in females may contain uterine adnexa. The common presentation is herniation of one ovary, but involvement of both ovaries in a unilateral hernial sac and simultaneous herniation of other organs are possible. Regardless, ovarian hernias have a high incarceration rate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy in female pediatric patients, particularly those with ovarian hernias. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 1185 female pediatric patients younger than 10years who underwent laparoscopic herniorrhaphy from March 1, 2011 to November 30, 2016 at Damsoyu Hospital, Seoul, Korea...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836248/-criminal-fold-priority-separating-reduces-splenic-injury-in-laparoscopic-radical-gastrectomy
#14
Wei Wang, Wenjun Xiong, Jin Li, Yansheng Zheng, Lijie Luo, Xiaoyan Hong, Shan'ao Ye, Yuying Wang, Jin Wan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of criminal fold priority separating (CFPS) in reduction of iatrogenic splenic injury in laparoscopic radical gastrectomy. METHODS: Complete videos of 270 patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy in Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine were reviewed. Anatomic features of criminal fold (CF) were summarized. The relationship between CFPS and iatrogenic splenic injury was examined. CF was defined as the ligament between omentum and spleen...
August 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831418/primary-low-grade-endometrial-stromal-sarcoma-of-the-omentum
#15
Kiran Clair, Juliet Wolford, Sonia Veran-Taguibao, Grace Kim, Ramez N Eskander
•Extra-uterine endometrial stromal sarcoma may arise in endometriosis.•Abdominal exploration for extra pelvic endometriosis is warranted.•Representative endometriotic implants should be resected and/or biopsied if clinically suspicious.
August 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830586/uterus-like-masses-in-a-rhesus-macaque-macaca-mulatta
#16
Mary F Dickerson, Lauren D Martin, Anne D Lewis
Endometriosis is a relatively common condition in women and some populations of adult female rhesus macaques. However, endometriosis with extensive smooth muscle proliferation, as occurs in endomyometrioma and uterus-like mass (ULM), is rare in women. This report describes a case of endometriosis with extensive smooth muscle metaplasia resembling multiple ULM in a 20-y-old female rhesus macaque. During a protocol-related procedure, a large, smooth, globoid, freely moveable mass was palpated in the midabdomen...
August 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830230/radiological-predictors-of-complete-cytoreduction-in-59-patients-with-peritoneal-mesothelioma-treated-with-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-at-a-uk-referral-centre
#17
Anuradha Chandramohan, Andrew Thrower, Nehal Shah, Faheez Mohamed
OBJECTIVE: To assess the imaging features of peritoneal mesothelioma and identify key anatomical sites that aid patient selection for complete cytoreduction. METHODS: Pre-operative imaging of 59 (32 males, 27 females) patients who underwent cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for histologically proven peritoneal mesothelioma [36 malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM), 23 cystic mesothelioma (CM)] were reviewed. Imaging findings were correlated with surgical outcome...
August 22, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827980/malignant-deciduoid-mesothelioma-case-presentation-of-an-exceptional-variant-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Mouna Khmou, Soumiya Echcharif, Rachad Kabbaj, Basma El Khannoussi
BACKGROUND: Malignant Deciduoid Mesothelioma (MDM) is an extremely rare variant of epithelioid mesothelioma. It was first described in young females, in the peritoneum, and its relation with asbestos was not well defined. Later reports, have shown that this variant may also occur in the pleura, the pericardium and the tunica vaginalis of elderly people, who had been exposed to asbestos. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of malignant deciduoid mesothelioma that occurred in the peritoneal cavity, and the omentum of a 35-year-old woman...
2017: BMC Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821761/enhanced-therapeutic-effects-of-human-ips-cell-derived-cardiomyocyte-by-combined-cell-sheets-with-omental-flap-technique-in-porcine-ischemic-cardiomyopathy-model
#19
Masashi Kawamura, Shigeru Miyagawa, Satsuki Fukushima, Atsuhiro Saito, Kenji Miki, Shunsuke Funakoshi, Yoshinori Yoshida, Shinya Yamanaka, Tatsuya Shimizu, Teruo Okano, Takashi Daimon, Koichi Toda, Yoshiki Sawa
Transplant of human induced pluripotent stem cell derived cardiomyocytes (hiPS-CMs) cell-sheet is a promising approach for treating ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM). However, poor blood supply to the transplanted cell-sheet is a concern related to the effectiveness and durability of the treatment. Herein, we hypothesized that the combined the omentum flap might enhance survival and the therapeutic effects of hiPS-CM cell-sheet transplant for ICM treatment. Treatment by Wnt signaling molecules in hiPS cells produced hiPS-CMs, which were magnetically labeled by superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO), followed by culture in the thermoresponsive dishes to generate hiPS-CMs cell-sheets...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816969/immediate-breast-reconstruction-with-omental-flap-for-luminal-breast-cancer-patients-ten-clinical-case-reports
#20
Nanlin Li, Zhao Zheng, Jipeng Li, Jing Fan, Ting Wang, Juliang Zhang, Hui Wang, Jianghao Chen, Yonggang Lv, Jun Yi, Meiling Huang, Rui Ling
RATIONALE: Luminal subtype breast cancer, accounting for 70 to 80% of all breast cancers, has been reported to be associated with good prognosis. However, for the patients with large mass or worse mass position, omental flap transplantation may provide a new option for breast reconstruction. PATIENT CONCERNS: Ten patients (6 luminal B1, 2 luminal B2, 2 luminal A), were enrolled into the study, between January 23, 2015 and August 22, 2016. The mean age was 34.6 ± 6...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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