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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646385/imaging-of-the-pediatric-peritoneum-mesentery-and-omentum
#1
Jonathan R Dillman, Ethan A Smith, Ajaykumar C Morani, Andrew T Trout
The normal peritoneal structures, including the mesenteries and the omenta, are only a few cell layers thick and are visible on imaging based upon the tissues (e.g., fat) and structures (e.g., blood vessels and lymph nodes) contained within them. These structures become more visible and change in appearance when involved by pathological processes. In this pictorial essay, we discuss the normal anatomy of the various abdominopelvic peritoneal structures and illustrate numerous developmental and acquired diagnoses that involve these structures in the pediatric and young adult population...
July 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632775/unique-cellular-interactions-between-pancreatic-cancer-cells-and-the-omentum
#2
Valerya Feygenzon, Shelly Loewenstein, Nir Lubezky, Metsada Pasmanic-Chor, Osnat Sher, Joseph M Klausner, Guy Lahat
Pancreatic cancer is a common cause of cancer-related mortality. Omental spread is frequent and usually represents an ominous event, leading to patient death. Omental metastasis has been studied in ovarian cancer, but data on its role in pancreatic cancer are relatively scarce and the molecular biology of this process has yet to be explored. We prepared tissue explants from human omental fat, and used conditioned medium from the explants for various in vitro and in vivo experiments designed to evaluate pancreatic cancer development, growth, and survival...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629796/large-omental-cystic-lymphangioma-masquerading-as-mucinous-ovarian-neoplasia-in-an-8-year-old-premenarchal-girl-the-findings-from-diagnostic-imaging-and-laparoscopic-assisted-excision
#3
Akihiro Takeda, Hiroaki Ito, Hiromi Nakamura
BACKGROUND: Omental cystic lymphangioma is an extremely rare abdominal mass caused by congenital malformation. CASE: An 8-year-old premenarchal girl reported abdominal pain. Diagnostic imaging revealed a large multicystic mass measuring 22 cm in diameter, which occupied the entire abdominal cavity with ascites. Emergency laparoscopy revealed a ruptured large cystic mass originating from the greater omentum; this was followed by successful laparoscopic-assisted excision...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622526/extragastrointestinal-stromal-tumour-of-the-lesser-omentum-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
I E Katsoulis, A Tzortzopoulou, P Tziakou, N Arnogiannaki, I Kostoglou-Athanassiou, G Lypas, I G Karaitianos
INTRODUCTION: Extragastrointestinal stromal tumours (EGISTs) are very uncommon compared to their gastrointestinal counterparts. Most of them originate from the intestinal mesentery and the omentum. CASE REPORT: A 70 year-old Caucasian woman presented with a bulky abdominal mass which on laparotomy was found to originate from the lesser omentum and was completely resected. Histological examination revealed spindle cells with severe pleomorphism and high mitotic activity...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605559/evisceration-following-abdominal-scarification-in-neonates
#5
Victor C Emordi, Efosa Aisien, Osasumwen T Osagie, Osarumwense D Osifo
Invasive traditional practices which are frequently harmful are common in the care of children including neonates in developing countries. We report two cases of evisceration of intra-abdominal viscera in two neonates subjected to abdominal scarification with razor blades following febrile illnesses. The greater omentum and a loop of jejunum, respectively, were eviscerated. Both were successfully managed and discharged home. Consent was obtained from the parents for the use of the photos. These cases highlight the dangers of invasive traditional practices on neonates and the urgent need for enlightenment campaigns as well as enactment of policies to help protect these children in developing countries...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600055/recurrent-female-adnexal-tumor-of-probably-wolffian-origin-a-case-report
#6
Tian Qiu, Yincheng Teng, Jianqian Tong, Wenqi Tao, Liang Xu
OBJECTIVE: Wolffian adnexal tumors (WATs) are rare, and metastasis is uncommon. We present the case of a 53-year-old female with a recurrent WAT. CASE REPORT: The patient presented with abdominal distension, and ultrasound revealed heterogeneous echoes (130 × 93 × 116 mm(3)) around the uterus and ascites. Her cancer antigen 125 (CA125) and CA19-9 levels were elevated. Hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, and tumor resection were performed. The histopathological diagnosis was a WAT...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593890/extremely-locally-advanced-ovarian-malignant-mixed-mullerian-tumor-in-37-years-old-female
#7
Gjorgji Jota, Radomir Gelevski, Zoran Karadzov, Redzep Selmani, Magdalena Genadieva-Dimitrova, Margarita Peneva, Vesna Jovanovska-Manevska
Ovarian carcinosarcomas, rare variant of ovarian carcinoma, composed of both carcinomatous and mesenchymal components, solid and/or cystic, fleshy and hemorrhagic, frequently spreading beyond the ovary, are treated with surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy according to the treatment principles of ovarian carcinomas due to the small number of reported cases and lack of randomized studies. We report a case of a 37-year-old woman with clinical signs of extremely locally advanced tumor of ovarian origin, infiltrating the lower left quadrant of the abdominal wall with necrosis of the covering skin...
March 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579789/a-retrograde-y-stenting-of-the-trachea-for-treatment-of-mediastinal-fistula-in-an-unusual-situation
#8
Wolfgang Hohenforst-Schmidt, Paul Zarogoulidis, Michael Steinheimer, Thomas Schneider, Naim Benhassen, Holger Rupprecht, Lutz Freitag
INTRODUCTION: Stents have been used for quite some time for the treatment of benign and malignant airway stenosis. Silicon stents are preferred for benign situations, whereas metallic self-expanding stents are preferred for malignant comorbidities. PATIENT AND METHODS: In general, stents can be placed in different approach directions, although in pulmonary medicine it is logical to apply only antegrade techniques - until now. A 63-year-old patient, 168 cm height and 53 kg weight on referral, suffered chronical diseases...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579319/immunological-functions-of-the-omentum
#9
REVIEW
Selene Meza-Perez, Troy D Randall
The omentum is a visceral adipose tissue with unique immune functions. Although it is primarily an adipose tissue, the omentum also contains lymphoid aggregates, called milky spots (MSs), that contribute to peritoneal immunity by collecting antigens, particulates, and pathogens from the peritoneal cavity and, depending on the stimuli, promoting a variety of immune responses, including inflammation, tolerance, or even fibrosis. Reciprocal interactions between cells in the MS and adipocytes regulate their immune and metabolic functions...
April 6, 2017: Trends in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570451/the-cardioplastic-approach-to-the-treatment-of-infected-aortic-grafts
#10
Russell S Frautschi, Bahar Bassiri Gharb, Mindy M Duong, Raffi Gurunluoglu, Francis Papay, James E Zins, Antonio Rampazzo
BACKGROUND: Aortic graft infection (AGI) is a rare complication following reconstructive aortic surgery, yet it represents a significant source of morbidity and mortality. There is no consensus regarding the optimal surgical management, due in part to the small cohorts of patient reports. Pedicled muscle or omental flap coverage of AGI has been shown to improve outcomes, making them a valuable consideration in the treatment algorithm. Thus, we aim to compile and evaluate cases of autologous vascularized tissue (AVT) in the treatment of infected aortic grafts, summarizing location specific trends, treatments, and outcomes...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550278/torsion-of-a-giant-antimesenteric-lipoma-of-the-ileum-a-rare-cause-of-acute-abdominal-pain
#11
Ta-Wei Yang, Yi-Wei Tsuei, Chung-Cheng Kao, Wen-Hsien Kuo, Yan-Lin Chen, Yen-Yue Lin
BACKGROUND Torsion of an intra-abdominal lipoma is rarely the cause of acute abdominal pain. Most of the previously reported cases of intra-abdominal lipoma torsion originated in the mesentery or omentum. However, an antimesenteric lipoma of the ileum with torsion has not been reported before. CASE REPORT A 67-year-old man presented to the emergency department with acute abdominal pain. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) of the abdomen and pelvis only showed a giant fat-containing, soft-tissue, intra-abdominal tumor, suspected to be a lipoma...
May 27, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547835/application-of-omentum-as-an-in-vivo-bioreactor-for-regeneration-of-decellularized-human-internal-mammary-artery
#12
Reza Khorramirouz, Seyedeh Maryam Kameli, Sahar Eftekharzadeh, Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh
This study investigates the extent of cell seeding as well as lumen patency in acellular Internal mammary artery (IMA) scaffolds that have been re-cellularized by omentum as a natural bioreactor. Sixteen Virgin female Wistar rats were selected for implantation of acellular scaffold in omentum. Following laparotomy omentum was retracted to the outside of the abdomen and the more vascularized portion of it was selected for the experiment. The scaffold was wrapped by omentum and placed between two layers of rectus muscles that have been previously dissected...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543381/ileocecal-vascularized-lymph-node-transfer-for-the-treatment-of-extremity-lymphedema-a-case-report
#13
Pedro Ciudad, Oscar J Manrique, Mouchammed Agko, En-Wei Liu, Wei-Ling Chang, Matthew Sze-Wei Yeo, Tony Chieh-Ting Huang, Ram M Chilgar, Hung-Chi Chen
Vascularized lymph node (VLN) transfer has been of high interest in the past decade for the treatment of lymphedema, since it has been shown to be effective in reducing limb volumes, decreasing infectious episodes and improving quality of life. Multiple donor sites have been described in the quest for the optimal one. Herein, we describe a novel lymph node flap option based on the ileocolic artery and vein. The ileocecal vascularized lymph node (IC-VLN) flap was used in the management of a 33-year-old male patient with lower extremity lymphedema secondary to left inguinal trauma...
May 24, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541637/prognostic-factors-and-treatment-outcomes-in-surgically-staged-non-invasive-uterine-clear-cell-carcinoma-a-turkish-gynecologic-oncology-group-study
#14
Mustafa Erkan Sarı, Mehmet Mutlu Meydanlı, Osman Türkmen, Günsü Kimyon Cömert, Ahmet Taner Turan, Alper Karalök, Hanifi Şahin, Ali Haberal, Eda Kocaman, Özgür Akbayır, Baki Erdem, Ceyhun Numanoğlu, Kemal Güngördük, Muzaffer Sancı, Mehmet Gökçü, Nejat Özgül, Mehmet Coşkun Salman, Gökhan Boyraz, Kunter Yüce, Tayfun Güngör, Salih Taşkın, Duygun Altın, Uğur Fırat Ortaç, Hülya Aydın Ayık, Tayup Şimşek, Macit Arvas, Ali Ayhan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognosis of surgically-staged non-invasive uterine clear cell carcinoma (UCCC), and to determine the role of adjuvant therapy. METHODS: A multicenter, retrospective department database review was performed to identify patients with UCCC who underwent surgical treatment between 1997 and 2016 at 8 Gynecologic Oncology Centers. Demographic, clinicopathological, and survival data were collected. RESULTS: A total of 232 women with UCCC were identified...
July 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540829/pseudomyxoma-peritonei-natural-history-and-treatment
#15
Rohin Mittal, Anuradha Chandramohan, Brendan Moran
Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is an uncommon disease characterized by mucinous ascites, classically originating from a ruptured low grade mucinous neoplasm of the appendix. The natural history of PMP revolves around the "redistribution phenomenon", whereby mucinous tumour cells accumulate at specific sites with relative sparing of the motile small bowel and to a lesser extent other parts of the gastrointestinal tract. Peritoneal tumour accumulates due to gravity and at the sites of peritoneal fluid absorption, namely, the greater and lesser omentum and the under-surface of the diaphragm, particularly on the right...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540637/importance-of-human-peritoneal-mesothelial-cells-in-the-progression-fibrosis-and-control-of-gastric-cancer-inhibition-of-growth-and-fibrosis-by-tranilast
#16
Hiroto Saito, Sachio Fushida, Shinichi Harada, Tomoharu Miyashita, Katsunobu Oyama, Takahisa Yamaguchi, Tomoya Tsukada, Jun Kinoshita, Hidehiro Tajima, Itasu Ninomiya, Tetsuo Ohta
BACKGROUND: Scirrhous gastric cancer is an intractable disease with a high incidence of peritoneal dissemination and obstructive symptoms (e.g., ileus, jaundice, and hydronephrosis) arising from accompanying marked fibrosis. Microenvironmental interactions between cancer cells and cancer-associated fibroblasts are the suggested cause of the disease. We elucidated the mechanisms of tumor growth and fibrosis using human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) and investigated the effects of tranilast treatment on cells and a xenograft mouse model of fibrosis...
May 24, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536786/future-prospects-for-human-tissue-engineered-urethra-transplantation-decellularization-and-recellularization-based-urethra-regeneration
#17
Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh, Reza Abbasioun, Shabnam Sabetkish, Nastaran Sabetkish, Parvin Rahmani, Kamyar Tavakkolitabassi, Hamid Arshadi
To evaluate the histological characteristics of decellularized human urethra after transplantation into the rat omentum and compare in vivo cell seeding with perfusion-based and cell sheet urethral regeneration. Eight adult human male urethras accompanied with the surrounding corpus spongiosum were obtained. The tissues were decellularized with detergent-based method. The efficacy of decellularization and extracellular matrix preservation was evaluated by several techniques. Decellularized scaffolds were transplanted into the omentum of 12 male rats and located into the scrotum...
May 23, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533943/etiology-and-treatment-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#18
Hernando Rafael, Juan Oscar David, Antonio Santiago Vilca
BACKGROUND: To date all researchers conclude that the etiology of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is not known. On the contrary, since August 2009, we believe that disease is of ischemic origin in the anterior surface of the medulla oblongata. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We present our surgical experience into 45 patients with ALS (bulbar form in 36 cases and spinal form in 9). Preoperative MRI scans revealed microinfarcts in the medulla oblongata and/or cervical cord...
2017: American Journal of Neurodegenerative Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529743/omental-synovial-sarcoma-mimicking-an-ovarian-malignancy-a-case-report
#19
Naoyuki Iwahashi, Yoko Deguchi, Yuko Horiuchi, Kazuhiko Ino, Kenichi Furukawa
Synovial sarcoma is clinically rare, and cases of synovial sarcoma arising in the omentum are particularly rare. Only 3 cases have been reported in the literature to dtae, and they were associated with a poor prognosis. We herein report a rare case of aggressive primary omental synovial sarcoma presenting as an ovarian malignancy. A 53-year-old multigravida woman was referred to our hospital due to progressive abdominal distension. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a large heterogeneous mass with an irregular component occupying the lower abdominal cavity, with an intact uterus...
May 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528738/our-initial-experience-with-ventriculo-epiplooic-shunt-in-treatment-of-hydrocephalus-in-two-centers
#20
Valentin Titus Grigorean, Aurelia Mihaela Sandu, Mihai Popescu, Ioan Stefan Florian, Cristian Dumitru Lupascu, Corina Lupascu Ursulescu
INTRODUCTION: Hydrocephalus represents impairment in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dynamics. If the treatment of hydrocephalus is considered difficult, the repeated revisions of ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunts are even more challenging. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to evaluate the efficiency of ventriculo-epiplooic (VEp) shunt as a feasible alternative in hydrocephalic patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A technical modification regarding the insertion of peritoneal catheter was imagined: midline laparotomy 8-10cm long was performed in order to open the peritoneal cavity; the great omentum was dissected between its two layers; we placed the distal end of the catheter between the two epiplooic layers; a fenestration of 4cm in diameter into the visceral layer was also performed...
May 11, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
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