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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889879/the-faces-of-god-in-america-revealing-religious-diversity-across-people-and-politics
#1
Joshua Conrad Jackson, Neil Hester, Kurt Gray
Literature and art have long depicted God as a stern and elderly white man, but do people actually see Him this way? We use reverse correlation to understand how a representative sample of American Christians visualize the face of God, which we argue is indicative of how believers think about God's mind. In contrast to historical depictions, Americans generally see God as young, Caucasian, and loving, but perceptions vary by believers' political ideology and physical appearance. Liberals see God as relatively more feminine, more African American, and more loving than conservatives, who see God as older, more intelligent, and more powerful...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882454/resource-use-after-unwanted-sexual-experiences-in-undergraduates-a-comprehensive-evaluation-of-factors-related-to-the-decision-to-seek-help
#2
C J Eubanks Fleming, Kyle A Lynch, Maggie B Hakas, Elizabeth Belanger
The risk for sexual victimization in college is high, and although there can be significant mental and physical consequences for the survivor, resource utilization for this issue is extremely low. The current study used the frameworks of both the ecological model and the theory of planned behavior to examine factors related to resource use in undergraduate survivors of unwanted sexual experiences. The sample consisted of 217 undergraduates who reported at least one unwanted sexual experience while in college (89% female, 76...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722421/carbon-nanotubes-cnts-based-advanced-dermal-therapeutics-current-trends-and-future-potential
#3
REVIEW
Kaushik Kuche, Rahul Maheshwari, Vishakha Tambe, Kit-Kay Mak, Hardi Jogi, Nidhi Raval, Mallikarjuna Rao Pichika, Rakesh Kumar Tekade
The search for effective and non-invasive delivery modules to transport therapeutic molecules across skin has led to the discovery of a number of nanocarriers (viz.: liposomes, ethosomes, dendrimers, etc.) in the last few decades. However, available literature suggests that these delivery modules face several issues including poor stability, low encapsulation efficiency, and scale-up hurdles. Recently, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) emerged as a versatile tool to deliver therapeutics across skin. Superior stability, high loading capacity, well-developed synthesis protocol as well as ease of scale-up are some of the reason for growing interest in CNTs...
May 3, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714513/perceptions-of-non-traditional-tobacco-products-between-asthmatic-and-non-asthmatic-college-students
#4
Mary P Martinasek, Robin M White, Christopher W Wheldon, Linda Gibson-Young
OBJECTIVE: Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) use is common among college students and there are perceptions that ENDS are not as harmful as traditional cigarettes. The aim of this study was to examine differences in ENDS use, risk perceptions, and co-occurring smoking behaviors between college students with and without asthma. METHODS: The study consisted of a cross-sectional online survey with a final sample size of 898 college students. The voluntary participation survey was disseminated to all undergraduate and graduate students at a mid-sized liberal arts university in the Southeast U...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699570/patenting-human-genes-chinese-academic-articles-portrayal-of-gene-patents
#5
Li Du
BACKGROUND: The patenting of human genes has been the subject of debate for decades. While China has gradually come to play an important role in the global genomics-based testing and treatment market, little is known about Chinese scholars' perspectives on patent protection for human genes. METHODS: A content analysis of academic literature was conducted to identify Chinese scholars' concerns regarding gene patents, including benefits and risks of patenting human genes, attitudes that researchers hold towards gene patenting, and any legal and policy recommendations offered for the gene patent regime in China...
April 24, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611510/trends-in-public-and-global-health-education-among-nationally-recognized-undergraduate-liberal-arts-colleges-in-the-united-states
#6
Patrick A Robinson, Kate K Orroth, Lauren A Stutts, Patrick A Baron, David R Wessner
The prevalence of public health and global health (PH/GH) curricular offerings appear to be increasing in terms of undergraduate curricula and in the context of liberal arts education in the United States. Liberal arts colleges (LACs) represent stand-alone institutions, which exclusively focus on undergraduate education. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of PH/GH study pathways and PH/GH course offerings among LACs. All LACs identified through the US News and World Report (USNWR) college rankings were contacted with a survey about the following: formal majors, minors, or concentrations in PH/GH; independent study (IS) pathways for PH/GH; specific PH/GH courses offered; and the number of students graduating in 2016, 2017, and 2018 with formal and IS degrees in PH/GH...
May 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605942/new-trends-in-aggregating-tags-for-therapeutic-protein-purification
#7
REVIEW
Xiaofeng Yang, Marco Pistolozzi, Zhanglin Lin
The rapid growth of the therapeutic protein market calls for more efficient purification methods. Various aggregating tags have recently emerged as simple, fast, cost-effective and column-free technologies for protein (and peptide) purification. In general, these column-free protein purification technologies involve the use of aggregating tags that induce the target protein into insoluble aggregates. These aggregates can be easily separated from soluble impurities and the target protein or peptide is then liberated by a cleavage process...
May 2018: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553347/mechanisms-of-behavior-change-within-peer-implemented-alcohol-interventions
#8
Erica M Eaton, Molly Magill, Christy Capone, Margaret A Cramer, Nadine R Mastroleo, Racheal Reavy, Brian Borsari
OBJECTIVE: Colleges continue to experience a high number of referred students because of campus alcohol violations. Subsequently, there has been a trend to use peer-implemented minimal interventions (PMIs), often using motivational interviewing (MI). However, little is known about how PMIs facilitate behavior change. This study aims to examine the mechanisms of behavior change within PMIs and their influence on alcohol reduction among mandated students. METHOD: Participants (N = 146; mean age = 18...
March 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406141/blending-the-liberal-arts-and-nursing-creating-a-portrait-for-the-21st-century
#9
Wendy Carter Kooken, Noël Kerr
The liberal arts and sciences serve as a core part of the educational discipline in nursing curriculum and are believed to undergird abilities for critical-thinking, creativity, and holistic care (Hermann, 2004; McKie, 2012). Over time, science has taken on a more central role in nursing education, despite the acknowledged importance and contributions of liberal arts. The humanities are an essential part of liberal arts education and generally include disciplines such as history, literature, religion, philosophy, architecture, or fine arts (e...
January 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379611/an-examination-of-college-student-wellness-a-research-and-liberal-arts-perspective
#10
Debora R Baldwin, Kerry Towler, Michael D Oliver, Subimal Datta
Promoting wellness within academia reduces disease frequency and enhances overall health. This study examined wellness factors among undergraduate students attending a research university ( n  = 85) or a small liberal arts college ( n  = 126). Participants were administered surveys which measured physical, emotional, social, intellectual , and occupational wellness. Significant institutional differences emerged on measures of physical and social wellness. When collapsed across academic institutions, students who were gainfully employed reported greater self-efficacy compared with unemployed students...
July 2017: Health Psychology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277138/electroconvulsive-therapy-the-impact-of-a-brief-educational-intervention-on-public-knowledge-and-attitudes
#11
Gretchen A Hoffman, Jacee McLellan, Vanessa Hoogendoorn, Andrew W Beck
The safety and efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) are well established, yet efforts to educate the public about ECT advancements are lagging. The purpose of this study was to experimentally examine the impact of a brief educational intervention on public knowledge of, and attitudes toward, ECT. Participants ( n = 91) from a private liberal arts university in the upper Midwestern region of the United States were randomly assigned to either an educational intervention or a control group. The educational intervention group read a brief informational pamphlet about ECT...
January 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251298/free-inventory-platform-manages-chemical-risks-addresses-chemical-accountability-and-measures-cost-effectiveness
#12
Malcolm J D'Souza, Kristopher P Roeske, Lily S Neff
To develop best practices for laboratory safety and for chemical product and supplies management accountability, the freely-available online platform, Quartzy , was integrated within an interdisciplinary science department at a small Mid-Atlantic liberal-arts college. This was done to ensure the accuracy of purchase records, the appropriate use of storage and handling protocols, and for a continually updated chemical inventory system. Quartzy also facilitated the digital tracking and dispersal of the College's hazardous waste inventory...
August 2017: International journal of advances in science, engineering and technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211021/challenging-notions-of-academic-entitlement-and-its-rise-among-liberal-arts-college-students
#13
Debra Lemke, Jeff Marx, Lauren Dundes
To assess academic entitlement, we employed a repeated cross-sectional design to compare survey data from two systematic random samples collected eight years apart, in 2009 ( n = 225) and 2017 ( n = 159), at a small, private, mid-Atlantic liberal arts college. According to an entitlement scale (based on Greenberger et al., 2008), students were less likely to be entitled in 2017 (27%) than in 2009 (41%) ( p = 0.02). In 2009, a higher proportion of males than females felt entitled (50% versus 34%, p = 0.05), a sex difference that disappeared by 2017...
December 6, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198134/if-we-build-it-will-they-come-perceptions-of-hiv-cure-related-research-by-people-living-with-hiv-in-four-u-s-cities-a-qualitative-focus-group-study
#14
Laurie Sylla, David Evans, Jeff Taylor, Adam Gilbertson, David Palm, Judith D Auerbach, Karine Dubé
Global interest and investment in the search for an HIV cure has increased. Research has focused on what experts refer to as a sterilizing or eradicating cure, where HIV is eliminated from the body, and on what is often called a functional cure, where HIV remains, kept durably suppressed in the absence of antiretroviral treatment and therapy (ART). Many believe that a functional cure is likely to be found first. HIV cure studies will require active participation by people living with HIV (PLWHIV). Their desires and perceptions will be important to effectively recruit study participants and for the uptake of any future strategy that demonstrates safety and efficacy...
January 2018: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019798/the-return-to-literature-making-doctors-matter-in-the-new-era-of-medicine
#15
Daniel Marchalik
The rapid explosion of medical knowledge of the 19th and 20th centuries required a transformation in medical education, which, to that point, had been marked by low educational standards. To combat the lack of regulation, the 1910 Flexner Report recommended sweeping reforms. By 1930, students hoping to enroll in a medical school would need to complete courses in chemistry, physics, and biology, leaving little room for the liberal arts.Medicine is once again changing. The impact of artificial intelligence is being felt across all medical fields, and the nature of physicians' jobs in the new landscape of intelligent machines will inevitably also have to change...
December 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017508/on-neuromechanical-approaches-for-the-study-of-biological-and-robotic-grasp-and-manipulation
#16
REVIEW
Francisco J Valero-Cuevas, Marco Santello
Biological and robotic grasp and manipulation are undeniably similar at the level of mechanical task performance. However, their underlying fundamental biological vs. engineering mechanisms are, by definition, dramatically different and can even be antithetical. Even our approach to each is diametrically opposite: inductive science for the study of biological systems vs. engineering synthesis for the design and construction of robotic systems. The past 20 years have seen several conceptual advances in both fields and the quest to unify them...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991760/centenary-of-the-birth-of-academician-prof-dr-isak-tadzer-founder-of-the-pathophysiology-and-nuclear-medicine-in-macedonia
#17
Borislav Karanfilski
Academician Prof. Dr. Isak Tadzer was born a hundred years ago on December 24, 1916 in Sofia. He completed the primary and secondary education at the German College in Sofia. In 1935 he began his studies at the Medical Faculty in Vienna, which he had to stop because of the annexation of Austria to Germany in 1938. He returned to Bulgaria where he continued his studies and graduated from the Medical Faculty in Sofia in 1941. During the War, 1941-1944, he was forcedly mobilized and he worked as a doctor in several villages...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974573/a-career-at-a-small-liberal-arts-college
#18
REVIEW
Jennifer Punt
A career as a tenure-track professor at a liberal arts college provides the opportunity to combine serious interests in teaching with research. The basic goals of the liberal arts institution are to educate the student broadly while encouraging mastery of a particular area of interest. Preparing for such a career requires not only a commitment to teaching but also a productive PhD and postdoctoral experience, regardless of the expectations for active research within the job. The application and interview processes require one to be informed, flexible, energetic, and clear-in writing and in speaking...
October 3, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938592/visible-light-sensitive-titanium-dioxide-nanoplatform-for-tumor-responsive-fe2-liberating-and-artemisinin-delivery
#19
Huijuan Zhang, Hongling Zhang, Xing Zhu, Xiaoge Zhang, Qianqian Chen, Jianjiao Chen, Lin Hou, Zhenzhong Zhang
Artemisinin is a kind of Fe(2+)-dependent drugs. Artemisinin and Fe(2+) co-transport systems can improve its anti-tumor effect. In this study, a visible light-sensitive nanoplatform (HA-TiO2-IONPs/ART) was developed. Detailed investigation demonstrated that HA-TiO2-IONPs/ART could realize Fe(2+) and artemisinin synchronous co-delivery and tumor-responsive release. This feature enhanced the anti-tumor efficiency of artemisinin significantly. In vitro results proved that hyaluronic acid modification could improve the biocompatibility, dispersion stability and cytophagy ability of nanocarriers...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890573/institutional-and-ethnic-variations-in-postgraduate-enrollment-and-completion
#20
Marta Tienda, Linda Zhao
Using the B&B:93/03 longitudinal cohort survey, we investigate (1) whether and how much variations in the timing of enrollment, the type of undergraduate institution attended, and type of graduate program pursued contribute to observed racial and ethnic differentials in post-baccalaureate enrollment, and (2) whether the observed enrollment differentials carry over to degree attainment. Dynamic event history methods that account both for the timing of matriculation and the hazard of enrolling reveal that compared to whites underrepresented minorities enroll earlier and also are more likely to enroll in doctoral and advanced professional degree programs relative to nonenrollment...
2017: Journal of Higher Education
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