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Liberal art

Elisabetta Alberico, Alastair J J Lennox, Lydia K Vogt, Haijun Jiao, Wolfgang Baumann, Hans-Joachim Drexler, Martin Nielsen, Anke Spannenberg, Marek P Checinski, Henrik Junge, Matthias Beller
Ruthenium PNP complex 1a (RuH(CO)Cl(HN(C2H4Pi-Pr2)2)) represents a state-of-the-art catalyst for low-temperature (<100 °C) aqueous methanol dehydrogenation to H2 and CO2. Herein, we describe an investigation that combines experiment, spectroscopy and theory to provide a mechanistic rationale for this process. During catalysis, the presence of two anionic resting states was revealed, Ru-dihydride (3-) and Ru-monohydride (4-) that are deprotonated at nitrogen in the pincer ligand backbone. DFT calculations showed that O- and CH- coordination modes of methoxide to ruthenium compete, and form complexes 4- and 3-, respectively...
October 19, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Leslie Gregg-Jolly, Jim Swartz, Ellen Iverson, Joyce Stern, Narren Brown, David Lopatto
Challenges particular to second-year students have been identified that can impact persistence in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. We implemented a program to improve student success in intermediate-level science courses by helping students to feel they belonged and could succeed in STEM. We used survey measures of perceptions and attitudes and then qualitative measures to characterize the impact of support strategies, including peer mentoring, a second-year science student retreat, learning and advising support resources, and department-specific activities...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
Muammer Kaya
This paper reviews the existing and state of art knowledge for electronic waste (e-waste) recycling. Electrical and/or electronic devices which are unwanted, broken or discarded by their original users are known as e-waste. The main purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of e-waste problem, strategies of e-waste management and various physical, chemical and metallurgical e-waste recycling processes, their advantages and disadvantages towards achieving a cleaner process of waste utilization, with special attention towards extraction of both metallic values and nonmetallic substances...
August 16, 2016: Waste Management
Ann T S Taylor, Eric L Olofson, Walter R P Novak
To foster the connection between biochemistry and the supporting prerequisite concepts, a collection of activities that explicitly link general and organic chemistry concepts to biochemistry ideas was written and either assigned as pre-class work or as recitation activities. We assessed student learning gains after using these activities alone, or in combination with regularly-integrated clicker and discussion questions. Learning gains were determined from student performance on pre- and post-tests covering key prerequisite concepts, biochemistry course exams, and student self-evaluation...
August 18, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
J C Levenson, E Miller, B Hafer, M F Reidell, D J Buysse, P L Franzen
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a pilot study of a sleep health promotion program for college students. The aims of the study were to 1) determine the feasibility of the program, and 2) explore changes in sleep knowledge and sleep diary parameters. DESIGN: Open trial of a sleep health promotion program for college students. SETTING: A small liberal arts university in southwestern Pennsylvania. PARTICIPANTS: University students (primarily female)...
June 2016: Sleep Health
Philip Kudish, Robin Shores, Alex McClung, Lisa Smulyan, Elizabeth A Vallen, Kathleen K Siwicki
Study group meetings (SGMs) are voluntary-attendance peer-led team-learning workshops that supplement introductory biology lectures at a selective liberal arts college. While supporting all students' engagement with lecture material, specific aims are to improve the success of underrepresented minority (URM) students and those with weaker backgrounds in biology. Peer leaders with experience in biology courses and training in science pedagogy facilitate work on faculty-generated challenge problems. During the eight semesters assessed in this study, URM students and those with less preparation attended SGMs with equal or greater frequency than their counterparts...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
Dominic G Harvey, Jane W Davidson, Chenicheri S Nair
The Bologna Process model of higher education has been introduced into some Australian universities since 2008. This model promoted university study through a liberal arts philosophy that advanced a worldview approach at the undergraduate level. The model generalized the student experience and eliminated undergraduate specialization. An interesting situation for music undergraduate study thus arose. Expertise and expert performance research has argued an opposing educational approach, namely: Extensive long-term commitment through focused practical engagement and specialized tuition as prerequisites to achieving musical mastery, especially in performance...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Michael Kantor, Ana B Freire Ribeiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Evan K Perrault, Samantha A Nazione
As informed consent forms continue to lengthen, are these lengthening forms helping to create better informed participants? The aim of this research was to determine whether the length of consent forms affected reading frequency and comprehension, and to provide recommendations on how to improve consent forms in the social sciences so they are more likely to be read. A quasi-experiment was conducted using actual consent forms at two liberal arts schools, one requiring a long form (463 words, n = 73) and one requiring a shorter form (236 words, n = 57)...
July 2016: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
C C Cheung, E Ding, P Sereda, B Yip, L Lourenco, R Barrios, Jsg Montaner, R S Hogg, V Lima, D M Moore
OBJECTIVES: Since 2006, the British Columbia HIV/AIDS Drug Treatment Program (DTP) has expanded enrolment and dramatically increased its number of participants. We examined the effect this expansion has had on the underlying cause of death in HIV-infected individuals. METHODS: We analysed data from participants aged 18 years and older in the DTP to measure 2-year mortality rates and causes of death from 2001 to 2012. We conducted tests of trend for all-cause and cause-specific mortality, and compared demographics and characteristics of individuals...
October 2016: HIV Medicine
Reginald A Byron, Maria R Lowe, Brianna Billingsley, Nathan Tuttle
This study employs quantitative and qualitative methods to examine how heterosexual, gay, and bisexual students rate and describe a Southern, religiously affiliated, university's sexual orientation climate. Using qualitative data, queer theory, and the concept "tyranny of sexualized spaces", we explain why non-heterosexual students have more negative perceptions of the university climate than heterosexual male students, in both bivariate and multivariate analyses. Although heterosexual students see few problems with the campus sexual orientation climate, bisexual men and women describe being challenged on the authenticity of their orientation, and lesbian and to a greater extent gay male students report harassment and exclusion in a number of settings...
June 6, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Sanyin Cheng, Xiaozhong Hu, Kuen Fung Sin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although their university enrollment has increased dramatically over the past two decades, deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) students face great challenges and a tremendous environmental adjustment when entering a mainstream university. This study aims to facilitate DHH students' university success through exploring differences in thinking styles between DHH and hearing students from Art and Design academic disciplines in two universities in China. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The Thinking Styles Inventory-Revised II (TSI-R2) and its accommodated version were administered to 286 hearing and 256 DHH students, respectively...
August 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Robert Weis, Celeste P Erickson, Christina H Till
Adolescents with learning disabilities disproportionately come from lower socioeconomic status backgrounds, show normative deficits in academic skills, and attend 2-year, public colleges instead of 4-year institutions. However, students with learning disabilities are well represented at the United States' most expensive and selective postsecondary institutions. We examined the psychoeducational functioning of students receiving accommodations for learning disabilities at a private, selective, liberal arts college...
May 24, 2016: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Tzipi Weiss, Marci J Swede
ISSUE: The Institute of Medicine identified health care education reform as a key to improving the error prone, costly, and unsatisfying U.S. health care system. It called for health care education that no longer focuses exclusively on the mastery of technical skills but teaches students the human dimensions of care and develops their ability to collaborate with patients and colleagues to alleviate suffering and improve health. When should this educational reform begin, by what frameworks should it be guided, and which methods should it employ are important questions to explore...
May 4, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Karen L Kelly
Setting students on a path to success in careers in science is a challenge in poor rural Appalachian public schools. Students face many socioeconomic obstacles. Their teachers are also limited by many factors including inadequate facilities, under-funding, geographical isolation of the schools, and state-testing constraints. Additionally, students and teachers lack the availability of outside science educational opportunities. In an effort to address this situation, 24 academically strong high school junior girls and their teachers from the Carter County School System in rural east Tennessee were invited for a laboratory day at Milligan College, a small liberal arts college in the heart of the county...
March 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Jaclynn Lubbers, Carol Rossman
OBJECTIVES: Simulation in nursing education is a means to transform student learning and respond to decreasing clinical site availability. This study proposed an innovative simulation experience where students completed community based clinical hours with simulation scenarios. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a pediatric community simulation experience on the self-confidence of nursing students. Bandura's (1977) Self-Efficacy Theory and Jeffries' (2005) Nursing Education Simulation Framework were used...
April 2016: Nurse Education Today
Jackelyn B Payne, Beth Sundstrom, Andrea L DeMaria
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 80% of college-aged women are at risk of unintended pregnancy. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods, including intrauterine devices (IUDs), as first-line pregnancy prevention for adolescents and young women. Yet, less than 5% of 15- to 19-year-old women using a method of contraception use LARC. Limited research explores young women's concerns about IUDs. METHODS: As part of a larger women's health research study, researchers conducted 53 in-depth interviews with women, aged 18 to 24 years enrolled in a midsized liberal arts college in the southeastern United States...
July 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Steven I Hajdu
This commentary highlights the onset and progression of the diagnosis and treatment of cancer from ancient times to the 15th century. During the preparation of this synoptic review of the lives and contributions to oncology of 7 ancient physicians, it became clear that despite separation by centuries, ethnicity, and religion, they had many things in common. For example, with the exception of Chauliac, all were born into wealthy families, had an excellent education in the liberal arts and sciences, and were mentored by outstanding teachers...
June 1, 2016: Cancer
Giulia Ecca
The brief collection of deontological guidelines entitled Praecepta is one of the most important literary evidence regarding the fee of the ancient physician. This chapter focuses on three passages from the Praecepta, which offer us a wealth of information on this topic. Some technical terms used in the text, such as the term μiσθápiov, show clearly that the author intends both to provide guidelines for the ideal bedside manners and to defend the repute of the physicians from the widespread charge of greed...
2016: Studies in Ancient Medicine
Desdamona Rios, Asia Eaton
In this qualitative study, we examined the sources and nature of social support reported by 24 gay, bisexual and queer Hispanic college men at a small liberal arts college and a large university in the USA. We identified four themes of support across the interviews: Shared experiences (46%), Protector (42%), Support in the air (33%) and Gradual support (29%). Shared experiences included support from those who had previous experience with the lesbian, gay or bisexual community. Protector indicated a type of support that was psychologically, emotionally or physically protective in nature...
October 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
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