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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315810/trappings-of-femininity-a-test-of-the-beauty-as-currency-hypothesis-in-shaping-college-women-s-gender-activism
#1
Rachel M Calogero, Tracy L Tylka, Lois C Donnelly, Amber McGetrick, Andrea Medrano Leger
This study investigated whether believing beauty is a primary currency for women operates as an antecedent force in the relation between self-objectification and gender activism. Ninety-four ethnically diverse women attending a small liberal arts college in the southeastern United States completed the study questionnaires online for course credit. Preliminary results demonstrated beauty as currency belief, self-objectification, and support for the gender status quo were negatively associated with gender activism...
March 15, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295183/rank-based-permutation-approaches-for-non-parametric-factorial-designs
#2
Maria Umlauft, Frank Konietschke, Markus Pauly
Inference methods for null hypotheses formulated in terms of distribution functions in general non-parametric factorial designs are studied. The methods can be applied to continuous, ordinal or even ordered categorical data in a unified way, and are based only on ranks. In this set-up Wald-type statistics and ANOVA-type statistics are the current state of the art. The first method is asymptotically exact but a rather liberal statistical testing procedure for small to moderate sample size, while the latter is only an approximation which does not possess the correct asymptotic α level under the null...
March 15, 2017: British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255600/impact-of-participation-in-community-based-research-among-undergraduate-and-graduate-students
#3
Cheryl L George, Jennifer Wood-Kanupka, Kathryn N Oriel
Participation in community-based research provides college students with a high-impact experience involving both research and service learning. Presently, the impact of participation in community-based research projects has been measured most often through the use of post-learning course evaluations and case studies. The authors describe the impact of participation in community-based research, at a small liberal arts college, on undergraduate education students and graduate physical therapy students using the Community-Based Research Student Learning Outcomes Survey...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236053/almost-psychiatry-the-impact-of-teaching-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-studies-to-undergraduate-college-students
#4
Ursula Diamond, Christina A Di Bartolo, Emily Badin, Jess P Shatkin
OBJECTIVE: The Child and Adolescent Mental Health Studies (CAMS) program is housed in a Liberal Arts undergraduate college of a large research university. Psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, and social workers at the university's medical center teach the courses. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the extent to which CAMS encourages graduates of the program to pursue a career in child and adolescent mental health (CAMH). METHODS: In 2015-2016, graduates of the CAMS program were invited to participate in a mixed methods study...
February 24, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151096/development-of-attitudes-toward-homosexuality-scale-for-indians-ahsi
#5
Kanika K Ahuja
Attitudes toward homosexuality vary across cultures, with the legal and societal position being rather complicated in India. This study describes the process of developing and validating a Likert-type scale to assess attitudes toward homosexuality among heterosexuals. Phase 1 describes the development of the scale. Items were written based on thematic analysis of narratives generated from 50 college students and reviewing existing scales. After administering the 70-item scale to 68 participants, item analysis yielded 20 statements with item-total correlations over ...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145270/the-flipped-classroom-allows-for-more-class-time-devoted-to-critical-thinking
#6
Lara R DeRuisseau
The flipped classroom was utilized in a two-semester, high-content science course that enrolled between 50 and 80 students at a small liberal arts college. With the flipped model, students watched ~20-min lectures 2 days/wk outside of class. These videos were recorded via screen capture and included a detailed note outline, PowerPoint slides, and review questions. The traditional format included the same materials, except that lectures were delivered in class each week and spanned the entire period. During the flipped course, the instructor reviewed common misconceptions and asked questions requiring higher-order thinking, and five graded case studies were performed each semester...
December 1, 2016: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028190/beliefs-and-attitudes-associated-with-hookah-smoking-among-a-united-states-college-population
#7
Mary P Martinasek, Linda G Haddad, Christopher W Wheldon, Tracey E Barnett
BACKGROUND: This study explores the differences among smokers of waterpipe tobacco in a college population to better inform campaigns to curb waterpipe use. METHODS: Participants included undergraduate and graduate students attending a liberal arts university in Florida. E-mail-based, cross-sectional surveys were collected in 2 sequential years. RESULTS: The majority of respondents (64%) reported having ever smoked a hookah, even if just 1-2 puffs...
December 27, 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977287/strengths-and-weaknesses-of-the-young-black-men-masculinities-and-mental-health-ybmen-facebook-project
#8
Daphne C Watkins, Julie Ober Allen, Janelle R Goodwill, Blake Noel
The Young Black Men, Masculinities, and Mental Health (YBMen) project is a Facebook-based intervention that provides mental health education and social support to young Black men. The YBMen project was created to better understand and address the pressures and needs of young Black men, particularly with regard to issues related to their conceptualization of masculinity and mental health. Black men from a 2-year liberal arts college in the Midwest (United States) enrolled in the YBMen pilot project. The purpose of this study is to report what participants in the YBMen pilot project liked and disliked about the intervention, along with their suggestions for improvement...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925099/care-of-the-self-and-power-relations-female-nurses-taking-care-of-other-women
#9
Ana Renata Moura Rabelo, Kênia Lara Silva
Objective: to analyze the care of self of female nurses and the power relations established by them in the care of other women. Method: integrative review of literature published between 2005 and 2015. There were 25 publications in the sample. Results: qualitative state of the art with reference domain of a liberating perspective, based on humanization, autonomy and empowerment as a risk reduction strategy in the practice of care to women...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919371/a-machine-learning-based-framework-to-identify-type-2-diabetes-through-electronic-health-records
#10
Tao Zheng, Wei Xie, Liling Xu, Xiaoying He, Ya Zhang, Mingrong You, Gong Yang, You Chen
OBJECTIVE: To discover diverse genotype-phenotype associations affiliated with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) via genome-wide association study (GWAS) and phenome-wide association study (PheWAS), more cases (T2DM subjects) and controls (subjects without T2DM) are required to be identified (e.g., via Electronic Health Records (EHR)). However, existing expert based identification algorithms often suffer in a low recall rate and could miss a large number of valuable samples under conservative filtering standards...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856548/the-pulse-vision-change-rubrics-version-1-0-a-valid-and-equitable-tool-to-measure-transformation-of-life-sciences-departments-at-all-institution-types
#11
Loretta Brancaccio-Taras, Pamela Pape-Lindstrom, Marcy Peteroy-Kelly, Karen Aguirre, Judy Awong-Taylor, Teri Balser, Michael J Cahill, Regina F Frey, Thomas Jack, Michael Kelrick, Kate Marley, Kathryn G Miller, Marcy Osgood, Sandra Romano, J Akif Uzman, Jiuqing Zhao
The PULSE Vision & Change Rubrics, version 1.0, assess life sciences departments' progress toward implementation of the principles of the Vision and Change report. This paper reports on the development of the rubrics, their validation, and their reliability in measuring departmental change aligned with the Vision and Change recommendations. The rubrics assess 66 different criteria across five areas: Curriculum Alignment, Assessment, Faculty Practice/Faculty Support, Infrastructure, and Climate for Change. The results from this work demonstrate the rubrics can be used to evaluate departmental transformation equitably across institution types and represent baseline data about the adoption of the Vision and Change recommendations by life sciences programs across the United States...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819047/nonradiating-and-radiating-modes-excited-by-quantum-emitters-in-open-epsilon-near-zero-cavities
#12
Iñigo Liberal, Nader Engheta
Controlling the emission and interaction properties of quantum emitters (QEs) embedded within an optical cavity is a key technique in engineering light-matter interactions at the nanoscale, as well as in the development of quantum information processing. State-of-the-art optical cavities are based on high quality factor photonic crystals and dielectric resonators. However, wealthier responses might be attainable with cavities carved in more exotic materials. We theoretically investigate the emission and interaction properties of QEs embedded in open epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) cavities...
October 2016: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810867/alternative-realities-faculty-and-student-perceptions-of-instructional-practices-in-laboratory-courses
#13
Christopher W Beck, Lawrence S Blumer
Curricular reform efforts depend on our ability to determine how courses are taught and how instructional practices affect student outcomes. In this study, we developed a 30-question survey on inquiry-based learning and assessment in undergraduate laboratory courses that was administered to 878 students in 54 courses (41 introductory level and 13 upper level) from 20 institutions (four community colleges, 11 liberal arts colleges, and five universities, of which four were minority-serving institutions). On the basis of an exploratory factor analysis, we defined five constructs: metacognition, feedback and assessment, scientific synthesis, science process skills, and instructor-directed teaching...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759392/unravelling-the-mechanism-of-basic-aqueous-methanol-dehydrogenation-catalyzed-by-ru-pnp-pincer-complexes
#14
Elisabetta Alberico, Alastair J J Lennox, Lydia K Vogt, Haijun Jiao, Wolfgang Baumann, Hans-Joachim Drexler, Martin Nielsen, Anke Spannenberg, Marek P Checinski, Henrik Junge, Matthias Beller
Ruthenium PNP complex 1a (RuH(CO)Cl(HN(C2H4Pi-Pr2)2)) represents a state-of-the-art catalyst for low-temperature (<100 °C) aqueous methanol dehydrogenation to H2 and CO2. Herein, we describe an investigation that combines experiment, spectroscopy, and theory to provide a mechanistic rationale for this process. During catalysis, the presence of two anionic resting states was revealed, Ru-dihydride (3(-)) and Ru-monohydride (4(-)) that are deprotonated at nitrogen in the pincer ligand backbone. DFT calculations showed that O- and CH- coordination modes of methoxide to ruthenium compete, and form complexes 4(-) and 3(-), respectively...
November 16, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587855/situating-second-year-success-understanding-second-year-stem-experiences-at-a-liberal-arts-college
#15
Leslie Gregg-Jolly, Jim Swartz, Ellen Iverson, Joyce Stern, Narren Brown, David Lopatto
Challenges particular to second-year students have been identified that can impact persistence in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. We implemented a program to improve student success in intermediate-level science courses by helping students to feel they belonged and could succeed in STEM. We used survey measures of perceptions and attitudes and then qualitative measures to characterize the impact of support strategies, including peer mentoring, a second-year science student retreat, learning and advising support resources, and department-specific activities...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543174/recovery-of-metals-and-nonmetals-from-electronic-waste-by-physical-and-chemical-recycling-processes
#16
REVIEW
Muammer Kaya
This paper reviews the existing and state of art knowledge for electronic waste (e-waste) recycling. Electrical and/or electronic devices which are unwanted, broken or discarded by their original users are known as e-waste. The main purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of e-waste problem, strategies of e-waste management and various physical, chemical and metallurgical e-waste recycling processes, their advantages and disadvantages towards achieving a cleaner process of waste utilization, with special attention towards extraction of both metallic values and nonmetallic substances...
November 2016: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537100/enhancing-student-retention-of-prerequisite-knowledge-through-pre-class-activities-and-in-class-reinforcement
#17
Ann T S Taylor, Eric L Olofson, Walter R P Novak
To foster the connection between biochemistry and the supporting prerequisite concepts, a collection of activities that explicitly link general and organic chemistry concepts to biochemistry ideas was written and either assigned as pre-class work or as recitation activities. We assessed student learning gains after using these activities alone, or in combination with regularly-integrated clicker and discussion questions. Learning gains were determined from student performance on pre- and post-tests covering key prerequisite concepts, biochemistry course exams, and student self-evaluation...
August 18, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525300/pilot-study-of-a-sleep-health-promotion-program-for-college-students
#18
J C Levenson, E Miller, B Hafer, M F Reidell, D J Buysse, P L Franzen
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a pilot study of a sleep health promotion program for college students. The aims of the study were to 1) determine the feasibility of the program, and 2) explore changes in sleep knowledge and sleep diary parameters. DESIGN: Open trial of a sleep health promotion program for college students. SETTING: A small liberal arts university in southwestern Pennsylvania. PARTICIPANTS: University students (primarily female)...
June 2016: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496361/active-learning-outside-the-classroom-implementation-and-outcomes-of-peer-led-team-learning-workshops-in-introductory-biology
#19
Philip Kudish, Robin Shores, Alex McClung, Lisa Smulyan, Elizabeth A Vallen, Kathleen K Siwicki
Study group meetings (SGMs) are voluntary-attendance peer-led team-learning workshops that supplement introductory biology lectures at a selective liberal arts college. While supporting all students' engagement with lecture material, specific aims are to improve the success of underrepresented minority (URM) students and those with weaker backgrounds in biology. Peer leaders with experience in biology courses and training in science pedagogy facilitate work on faculty-generated challenge problems. During the eight semesters assessed in this study, URM students and those with less preparation attended SGMs with equal or greater frequency than their counterparts...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462293/music-undergraduates-usefulness-and-importance-expectations-the-bologna-process-from-an-australian-university-perspective
#20
Dominic G Harvey, Jane W Davidson, Chenicheri S Nair
The Bologna Process model of higher education has been introduced into some Australian universities since 2008. This model promoted university study through a liberal arts philosophy that advanced a worldview approach at the undergraduate level. The model generalized the student experience and eliminated undergraduate specialization. An interesting situation for music undergraduate study thus arose. Expertise and expert performance research has argued an opposing educational approach, namely: Extensive long-term commitment through focused practical engagement and specialized tuition as prerequisites to achieving musical mastery, especially in performance...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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