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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211021/challenging-notions-of-academic-entitlement-and-its-rise-among-liberal-arts-college-students
#1
Debra Lemke, Jeff Marx, Lauren Dundes
To assess academic entitlement, we employed a repeated cross-sectional design to compare survey data from two systematic random samples collected eight years apart, in 2009 (n = 225) and 2017 (n = 159), at a small, private, mid-Atlantic liberal arts college. According to an entitlement scale (based on Greenberger et al., 2008), students were less likely to be entitled in 2017 (27%) than in 2009 (41%) (p = 0.02). In 2009, a higher proportion of males than females felt entitled (50% versus 34%, p = 0.05), a sex difference that disappeared by 2017...
December 6, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198134/if-we-build-it-will-they-come-perceptions-of-hiv-cure-related-research-by-people-living-with-hiv-in-four-u-s-cities-a-qualitative-focus-group-study
#2
Laurie Novick Sylla, David Evans, Jeff Taylor, Adam Lloyd Gilbertson, David Palm, Judith D Auerbach, Karine Dube
Global interest and investment in the search for an HIV cure has increased. Research has focused on what experts refer to as a sterilizing or eradicating cure, where HIV is eliminated from the body, and on what is often called a functional cure, where HIV remains, kept durably suppressed in the absence of antiretroviral treatment (ART). Many believe that a functional cure is likely to be found first. HIV cure studies will require active participation by people living with HIV (PLWHIV). Their desires and perceptions will be important to effectively recruit study participants and for uptake of any future strategy that demonstrates safety and efficacy...
December 3, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019798/the-return-to-literature-making-doctors-matter-in-the-new-era-of-medicine
#3
Daniel Marchalik
The rapid explosion of medical knowledge of the 19th and 20th centuries required a transformation in medical education, which, to that point, had been marked by low educational standards. To combat the lack of regulation, the 1910 Flexner Report recommended sweeping reforms. By 1930, students hoping to enroll in a medical school would need to complete courses in chemistry, physics, and biology, leaving little room for the liberal arts.Medicine is once again changing. The impact of artificial intelligence is being felt across all medical fields, and the nature of physicians' jobs in the new landscape of intelligent machines will inevitably also have to change...
October 10, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017508/on-neuromechanical-approaches-for-the-study-of-biological-and-robotic-grasp-and-manipulation
#4
REVIEW
Francisco J Valero-Cuevas, Marco Santello
Biological and robotic grasp and manipulation are undeniably similar at the level of mechanical task performance. However, their underlying fundamental biological vs. engineering mechanisms are, by definition, dramatically different and can even be antithetical. Even our approach to each is diametrically opposite: inductive science for the study of biological systems vs. engineering synthesis for the design and construction of robotic systems. The past 20 years have seen several conceptual advances in both fields and the quest to unify them...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991760/centenary-of-the-birth-of-academician-prof-dr-isak-tadzer-founder-of-the-pathophysiology-and-nuclear-medicine-in-macedonia
#5
Borislav Karanfilski
Academician Prof. Dr. Isak Tadzer was born a hundred years ago on December 24, 1916 in Sofia. He completed the primary and secondary education at the German College in Sofia. In 1935 he began his studies at the Medical Faculty in Vienna, which he had to stop because of the annexation of Austria to Germany in 1938. He returned to Bulgaria where he continued his studies and graduated from the Medical Faculty in Sofia in 1941. During the War, 1941-1944, he was forcedly mobilized and he worked as a doctor in several villages...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974573/a-career-at-a-small-liberal-arts-college
#6
REVIEW
Jennifer Punt
A career as a tenure-track professor at a liberal arts college provides the opportunity to combine serious interests in teaching with research. The basic goals of the liberal arts institution are to educate the student broadly while encouraging mastery of a particular area of interest. Preparing for such a career requires not only a commitment to teaching but also a productive PhD and postdoctoral experience, regardless of the expectations for active research within the job. The application and interview processes require one to be informed, flexible, energetic, and clear-in writing and in speaking...
October 3, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938592/visible-light-sensitive-titanium-dioxide-nanoplatform-for-tumor-responsive-fe2-liberating-and-artemisinin-delivery
#7
Huijuan Zhang, Hongling Zhang, Xing Zhu, Xiaoge Zhang, Qianqian Chen, Jianjiao Chen, Lin Hou, Zhenzhong Zhang
Artemisinin is a kind of Fe(2+)-dependent drugs. Artemisinin and Fe(2+) co-transport systems can improve its anti-tumor effect. In this study, a visible light-sensitive nanoplatform (HA-TiO2-IONPs/ART) was developed. Detailed investigation demonstrated that HA-TiO2-IONPs/ART could realize Fe(2+) and artemisinin synchronous co-delivery and tumor-responsive release. This feature enhanced the anti-tumor efficiency of artemisinin significantly. In vitro results proved that hyaluronic acid modification could improve the biocompatibility, dispersion stability and cytophagy ability of nanocarriers...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890573/institutional-and-ethnic-variations-in-postgraduate-enrollment-and-completion
#8
Marta Tienda, Linda Zhao
Using the B&B:93/03 longitudinal cohort survey, we investigate (1) whether and how much variations in the timing of enrollment, the type of undergraduate institution attended, and type of graduate program pursued contribute to observed racial and ethnic differentials in post-baccalaureate enrollment, and (2) whether the observed enrollment differentials carry over to degree attainment. Dynamic event history methods that account both for the timing of matriculation and the hazard of enrolling reveal that compared to whites underrepresented minorities enroll earlier and also are more likely to enroll in doctoral and advanced professional degree programs relative to nonenrollment...
2017: Journal of Higher Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817766/characteristics-and-risk-factors-for-negative-academic-events-a-27-year-serial-prevalence-study-of-9-7-million-japanese-college-students
#9
Chiyoko Uchida, Mai Uchida
Objective: To examine the prevalence of and the factors contributing to leaves of absence and school discontinuation in Japanese college students over a 27-year period. Trends in these academic events over time were assessed, and students at elevated risk and psychosocial difficulties in need of supportive intervention were identified. Methods: Surveys were collected from the majority of Japanese national universities between 1985 and 2012, yielding data on a total of 9...
August 10, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815714/william-hazlitt-obsessive-love-and-liber-amoris
#10
Harry Trosman
William Hazlitt, a distinguished literary figure of the early nineteenth century and a forerunner of psychoanalytic insights, had a keen awareness of the impact of the imagination on assessing works of art. At forty-two, he became hopelessly involved in an obsessive love affair with a nineteen-year-old woman and could not extricate himself from the relationship. The affair followed the death of his father, a powerful influence on his life. Factors in his obsessive love included finding an object of idealization subject to his imaginative creation and narcissistically reexperiencing himself about to begin a new life...
July 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726082/undergraduate-minor-in-health-disparities-in-society-a-magnet-for-under-represented-pre-professional-students
#11
Laura K Guyer, Marta L Wayne, Nancy S Hardt
Increasing the diversity of tomorrow's healthcare work force remains a challenge despite many thoughtful published reports and recommendations. As part of an effort to grow a more diverse pre-professional health population, we created an undergraduate minor, Health Disparities in Society, at the University of Florida. Most courses for the minor were identified from existing offerings, and we created only two new courses, an introduction course and a capstone service-learning course. The new minor quickly became the most popular in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences (which has approximately 12,000 total undergraduate students), and importantly, students selecting the minor were more likely to be under-represented minorities than would be expected given undergraduate demographics...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665825/rightsizing-projects-for-non-research-intensive-schools-of-nursing-via-academic-clinical-partnerships
#12
Wendy Carter Kooken, Ann L Eckhardt, Marianne McNutt-Dungan, Jonathan Woods
Most academic-clinical partnerships are described as formal agreements between schools of nursing at research-intensive universities and large teaching hospitals. This article demonstrates less formal versions of academic-clinical partnerships established between a small, private liberal arts university school of nursing and 2 regional clinical agencies. In both exemplars, students, faculty, and staff contributed to evidence-based practice projects. Schools of nursing in non-research-intensive environments can develop right-size academic-clinical partnerships that are beneficial for all parties involved...
June 29, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521306/visible-light-sensitive-titanium-dioxide-nanoplatform-for-tumor-responsive-fe2-liberating-and-artemisinin-delivery
#13
Huijuan Zhang, Hongling Zhang, Xing Zhu, Xiaoge Zhang, Qianqian Chen, Jianjiao Chen, Lin Hou, Zhenzhong Zhang
Artemisinin is a kind of Fe2+-dependent drugs. Artemisinin and Fe2+ co-transport systems can improve its anti-tumor effect. In this study, a visible light-sensitive nanoplatform (HA-TiO2-IONPs/ART) was developed. Detailed investigation demonstrated that HA-TiO2-IONPs/ART could realize Fe2+ and artemisinin synchronous co-delivery and tumor-responsive release. This feature enhanced the anti-tumor efficiency of artemisinin significantly. In vitro results proved that hyaluronic acid modification could improve the biocompatibility, dispersion stability and cytophagy ability of nanocarriers...
May 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510318/report-from-the-american-society-of-transplantation-conference-on-donor-heart-selection-in-adult-cardiac-transplantation-in-the-united-states
#14
J Kobashigawa, K Khush, M Colvin, M Acker, A Van Bakel, H Eisen, Y Naka, J Patel, D A Baran, T Daun, M Luu, M Olymbios, J Rogers, V Jeevanandam, F Esmailian, F D Pagani, B Lima, J Stehlik
Cardiac transplantation remains the only definitive treatment for end-stage heart failure. Transplantation rates are limited by a shortage of donor hearts. This shortage is magnified because many hearts are discarded because of strict selection criteria and concern for regulatory reprimand for less-than-optimal posttransplant outcomes. There is no standardized approach to donor selection despite proposals to liberalize acceptance criteria. A donor heart selection conference was organized to facilitate discussion and generate ideas for future research...
October 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493914/take-me-where-i-want-to-go-institutional-prestige-advisor-sponsorship-and-academic-career-placement-preferences
#15
Diogo L Pinheiro, Julia Melkers, Sunni Newton
Placement in prestigious research institutions for STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) PhD recipients is generally considered to be optimal. Yet some doctoral recipients are not interested in intensive research careers and instead seek alternative careers, outside but also within academe (for example teaching positions in Liberal Arts Schools). Recent attention to non-academic pathways has expanded our understanding of alternative PhD careers. However, career preferences and placements are also nuanced along the academic pathway...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463732/changes-in-nursing-students-perceptions-of-research-and-evidence-based-practice-after-completing-a-research-course
#16
Carrie N Keib, Stephanie M Cailor, Mary E Kiersma, Aleda M H Chen
BACKGROUND: Nurses need a sound education in research and evidence-based practice (EBP) to provide patients with optimal care, but current teaching methods could be more effective. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the changes in nursing students 1) perceptions of research and EBP, 2) confidence in research and EBP, and 3) interest in research participation after completing a course in research and EBP. DESIGN: A pre-post assessment design was utilized to compare changes in students...
July 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447028/flipping-classrooms-in-a-school-of-public-health
#17
Steven W Howard, Darcell P Scharff, Travis M Loux
Alternative course formats are gaining increasing attention in higher education. The literature provides a number of examples and studies of flipped classrooms in the medical sciences and liberal arts and sciences. However, fewer than five papers on flipped classes in graduate public health courses have been published, and none in health management. Because graduate public health education is competency based, it seems that a flipped approach with its applied nature would be an appropriate form of teaching public health courses...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363387/promoting-the-future-of-nursing-by-increasing-zest-for-research-in-undergraduate-nursing-students
#18
Adejoke B Ayoola, Yenupini J Adams, Kendra J Kamp, Gail L Zandee, Cheryl Feenstra, Mary M Doornbos
Nurses are expected to deliver cost-effective, high-quality care. In order to provide this care, nurse researchers are needed to evaluate and research effective health care models and interventions. By including research concepts within a baccalaureate nursing program, interest in nursing research can be increased. The purpose of this article is to present a case study of strategies used in an undergraduate liberal arts nursing program to promote zest in research and increase the pursuit of graduate studies among baccalaureate nursing students...
March 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328252/liberal-entity-extraction-rapid-construction-of-fine-grained-entity-typing-systems
#19
Lifu Huang, Jonathan May, Xiaoman Pan, Heng Ji, Xiang Ren, Jiawei Han, Lin Zhao, James A Hendler
The ability of automatically recognizing and typing entities in natural language without prior knowledge (e.g., predefined entity types) is a major challenge in processing such data. Most existing entity typing systems are limited to certain domains, genres, and languages. In this article, we propose a novel unsupervised entity-typing framework by combining symbolic and distributional semantics. We start from learning three types of representations for each entity mention: general semantic representation, specific context representation, and knowledge representation based on knowledge bases...
March 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315810/trappings-of-femininity-a-test-of-the-beauty-as-currency-hypothesis-in-shaping-college-women-s-gender-activism
#20
Rachel M Calogero, Tracy L Tylka, Lois C Donnelly, Amber McGetrick, Andrea Medrano Leger
This study investigated whether believing beauty is a primary currency for women operates as an antecedent force in the relation between self-objectification and gender activism. Ninety-four ethnically diverse women attending a small liberal arts college in the southeastern United States completed the study questionnaires online for course credit. Preliminary results demonstrated beauty as currency belief, self-objectification, and support for the gender status quo were negatively associated with gender activism...
March 17, 2017: Body Image
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