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Nutrition AND cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140485/growth-of-integrative-medicine-at-leading-cancer-centers-between-2009-and-2016-a-systematic-analysis-of-nci-designated-comprehensive-cancer-center-websites
#1
Hyeongjun Yun, Lingyun Sun, Jun J Mao
Background: Cancer centers have increasingly offered integrative medicine therapies in response to their patients' unmet needs. We evaluated the growth of integrative medicine in leading academic cancer centers in the United States as reflected by their public-facing websites. Methods: We performed a systematic review of 45 National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated comprehensive cancer center websites. Two researchers independently evaluated whether the websites provided information regarding integrative medicine modalities and, if so, whether the services were provided in the same health system...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140483/integrative-whole-person-oncology-care-in-the-uk
#2
Catherine Zollman, Axel Walther, Helen E Seers, Rachel C Jolliffe, Marie J Polley
The term "whole-person cancer care"-an approach that addresses the needs of the person as well as treating the disease-is more widely understood in the United Kingdom than its synonym "integrative oncology." The National Health Service (NHS) provides free access to care for all, which makes it harder to prioritize NHS funding of whole-person medicine, where interventions may be multimodal and lacking in cost-effectiveness data. Despite this, around 30% of cancer patients are known to use some form of complementary or alternative medicine (CAM)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138321/in-vivo-bioluminescence-imaging-of-labile-iron-accumulation-in-a-murine-model-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-infection
#3
Allegra T Aron, Marie C Heffern, Zachery R Lonergan, Mark N Vander Wal, Brian R Blank, Benjamin Spangler, Yaofang Zhang, Hyo Min Park, Andreas Stahl, Adam R Renslo, Eric P Skaar, Christopher J Chang
Iron is an essential metal for all organisms, yet disruption of its homeostasis, particularly in labile forms that can contribute to oxidative stress, is connected to diseases ranging from infection to cancer to neurodegeneration. Iron deficiency is also among the most common nutritional deficiencies worldwide. To advance studies of iron in healthy and disease states, we now report the synthesis and characterization of iron-caged luciferin-1 (ICL-1), a bioluminescent probe that enables longitudinal monitoring of labile iron pools (LIPs) in living animals...
November 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137944/reproductive-factors-nutritional-status-and-serum-25-oh-d-levels-in-women-with-breast-cancer-a-case-control-study
#4
REVIEW
Nighat Y Sofi, Monika Jain, Umesh Kapil, Vuthaluru Seenu, Lakshmy R, Chander P Yadav, Ravindra M Pandey, Neha Sareen
The study was conducted with an objective to investigate the association between reproductive factors, nutritional status and serum 25(OH)D levels among women diagnosed with breast cancer (BC). A total of 200 women with BC attending a tertiary healthcare institute of Delhi, India matched with 200 healthy women for age (±2years) and socio economic status were included in the study. Data was collected on socio-demographic profile, reproductive factors, physical activity and dietary intake (24hour dietary recall and food frequency questionnaire) using interviewer administered structured questionnaires and standard tools...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137377/an-evaluation-of-nutrition-intervention-during-radiation-therapy-in-patients-with-locoregionally-advanced-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#5
Ting Jin, Kai-Xin Li, Pei-Jing Li, Shuang Huang, Xiao-Zhong Chen, Ming Chen, Qiao-Ying Hu, Lei Shi, Yuan-Yuan Chen
Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of nutrition intervention during radiation for patients with locoregionally advanced (III-IVa) nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 117 patients with locoregionally advanced (III-IVa) NPC treated between December 2015 and March 2016 in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital. All the patients underwent radical chemo-radiotherapy. First, all the patients were divided into the nutrition intervention group and the control group, depending on whether they accepted nutrition intervention...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137238/significance-of-nlda-the-commixed-index-of-inflammation-immune-responses-hemostasis-and-nutrition-for-predicting-metastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-prognosis-and-metastases
#6
Wen-Wen Sun, Jia-An Hu, Wen-Quan Niu, Bei-Li Gao, Zhi-Hong Xu
Purpose: This study aimed to take a comprehensive review of the hematological indexes and discover a novel, comprehensive, and economical index for prognostic prediction. Results: The predictive prognostic model revealed that an elevated value of NLDA (NLDA = neutrophil count/lymphocyte count × D-dimer count/albumin) was an independent risk factor for one-year adverse prognosis (hazard ratio = 3.038; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.959-4.712; P < 0.001). The C-indexes of internal and external validation in nomogram were 0...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133190/integrating-geriatric-assessment-in-the-first-line-chemotherapy-treatment-in-older-patients-with-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-results-of-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study-avaplus
#7
Lore Decoster, Cindy Kenis, Benedicte Naessens, Ghislain Houbier, Marc De Man, Guy Lambrecht, Els Monsaert, Veerle Moons, Philippe Vergauwe, Hans Prenen, Eric Van Cutsem, Hans Wildiers
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the use of chemotherapy with or without bevacizumab in older patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) in current daily practice and to identify predictive parameters for treatment-related outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a Belgian multi-centre, observational cohort study. Patients≥70years old with mCRC considered suitable for first-line chemotherapy were eligible for inclusion. At baseline geriatric screening and assessment was performed...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132523/pancreatitis-and-pancreatic-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Anne Walling, Robert Freelove
Most cases of acute pancreatitis are related to gallstones. More than 80% resolve within a few days. The diagnosis is based on upper abdominal pain, elevated lipase and/or amylase, and transabdominal ultrasound findings. Management requires early aggressive hydration, pain control, nutritional support, and monitoring for progression. Patients who develop hypovolemia, systemic inflammatory response, pancreatic necrosis, and organ failure have high mortality, risk of recurrence, and progression to chronic pancreatitis (CP)...
December 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130701/patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-of-nutritional-status-in-pediatric-patients-with-recent-cancer-diagnosis
#9
Mayra Jezabel Vázquez de la Torre, Katja Stein, Edgar Manuel Vásquez Garibay, Miguel Roberto Kumazawa Ichikawa, Rogelio Troyo Sanromán, Alicia Guadalupe Salcedo Flores, Fernando Antonio Sánchez Zubieta
BACKGROUND: The subjective global assessment (SGA) is a simple, sensitive tool used to identify nutritional risk. It is widely used in the adult population, but there is little evidence on its effectiveness in children with cancer. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study was undertaken to demonstrate significant correlation between a simplified version of the Patient-Generated SGA (PG-SGA) and anthropometric assessment to identify nutritional status in children recently diagnosed with cancer...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130290/parent-patient-and-health-professional-perspectives-regarding-enteral-nutrition-in-paediatric-oncology
#10
Jennifer Cohen, Claire E Wakefield, Linda C Tapsell, Karen Walton, Richard J Cohn
AIM: Enteral tube feeding (ETF) is an important part of treatment for paediatric cancer patients. Without nutritional therapy, the prevalence of under-nutrition during treatment for childhood cancer may be as high as 50%. To ensure that the appropriate initiation of ETF is optimised, information on the views of key stakeholders regarding ETF is needed. METHODS: In total, 48 interviews were conducted with parents of paediatric cancer patients (n = 20), patients (n = 10) and members of the paediatric oncology health-care team (n = 18)...
November 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130228/-valuation-and-prospect-of-function-preserving-gastrectomy
#11
Shuchang Wang, Site Yu, Jia Xu, Gang Zhao
Preserving gastric function and improving quality of life (QOL) is the tendency of surgery for early gastric cancer. Function preserving gastrectomy (FPG) is applied to modify the extent of surgery and to achieve better quality of life at the premise of radical resection. Pylorus-preserving gastrectomy is the most favorable approach of FPG with oncological safety, which can improve nutritional status and QOL via preserving pylorus and vagal nerve. Proximal gastrectomy is widely accepted as FPG for early upper 1/3 gastric cancer...
October 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130226/-prevention-and-treatment-of-perioperative-non-surgery-related-complications-in-elderly-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#12
Sheng Lu, Min Yan
The incidence of elderly gastric cancer patients is increasing, since the average life span is longer than ever before and the medical management is improved. Elderly patients usually have more comorbidities due to gradual loss of immunonutritional and functional status, leading to a higher rate of non-surgery-related postoperative morbidity and mortality. Along with the development of surgical and nursing technique, more and more surgeons would perform surgical procedures on elderly gastric cancer patients without hesitation...
October 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129340/synchronous-colorectal-cancer-and-multiple-myeloma-with-chest-wall-involvement-is-this-a-coincidence
#13
Qiu-Li Li, Jin-An Ma, Hai-Peng Li, Ren-Bing Huang, Chun-Hong Hu, Xian-Ling Liu, Ya-Wen Gao, Gang-Hua Feng, Fang Wu
Multiple primary malignant neoplasms (MPMNs) are rare malignant neoplasms that simultaneously or successively occur in the same patient as 2 or more primary malignancies. Currently, an increasing number of cases are being reported. In general, MPMNs more commonly occur as 2 solid tumors or 2 hematological malignancies. Cases of MPMN that involve a solid tumor and a hematological malignancy are rare. Here, we report a case of synchronous colorectal cancer (CRC) and multiple myeloma (MM) with chest wall involvement...
September 25, 2017: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129231/the-association-between-the-index-of-nutritional-quality-inq-and-breast-cancer-and-the-evaluation-of-nutrient-intake-of-breast-cancer-patients-a-case-control-study
#14
Farhad Vahid, Mahshid Hatami, Mahya Sadeghi, Fatemeh Ameri, Zeinab Faghfoori, Sayed Hossein Davoodi
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer (BrCa) is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among females and second cancer after lung cancer in many societies. In Iran, the risk for BrCa is 1 in 35 and each year, 8000 new patients have been diagnosed with BrCa. Studies have shown that dietary components are implicated in the etiology of BrCa. The Index of Nutritional Quality (INQ) is a method of quantitative and qualitative analysis of single foods, meals, and diets. The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of INQs in predicting BrCa risk...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128597/autophagy-and-oral-cancers-a-short-review
#15
Ripon Md Chowdhury, Gurdeep Singh, Ashish Joshi, Dharvind Kumar Singh, Sanya Bhatia, Surajit Goswami
Autophagy is a catabolic process which involves recycling of cellular elements and it seems to play a major role in etiopathogenesis of cancers. Autophagy is thought to buffer metabolic stress, thereby aiding in cell survival. Also, it is found that inhibiting autophagy under deficient nutrition can restore cell death to apoptosis. Therefore, autophagy plays a dual role in cancer therapeutics. Globally oral cancer is a major concern of numerous deaths, so comprehensive work needs to be undertaken in the field of its progression and to determine positive treatment modalities...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128297/role-of-geriatric-oncologists-in-optimizing-care-of-urological-oncology-patients
#16
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Droz, Helen Boyle, Gilles Albrand, Nicolas Mottet, Martine Puts
CONTEXT: Urological cancers are common. Since the median age of diagnosis is 60-70 yr, many patients require geriatric as well as urological evaluation if treatment is to be tailored to individual health status including comorbidities and frailty. OBJECTIVE: To review the most important features of geriatric assessment and its expected benefits. We also consider ways in which collaboration between urologists and geriatricians and geriatric teams can benefit patient well-being...
November 8, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128080/-crossed-perceptions-about-malnutrition-in-patients-and-their-doctors-in-oncology
#17
Bruno Raynard, Xavier Hébuterne, François Goldwasser, Ali Ait Hssain, Pascale Dubray Longeras, Philippe Barthélémy, Edoardo Rosso, Valérie Phoutthasang, Camille Bories, Laurence Digue, David Laharie, Jean-Claude Desport, Sabrina Falkowski, Jean Lacau Saint Guily, Emmanuel Gyan
Malnutrition is common in oncology. However, it is often detected too late and nutritional support is sub-optimal. The patient's opinion, although often sought in therapeutic decisions in oncology, does not appear to be frequently taken into account in dietetic management. In NutriCancer2012 study, we interviewed patients, relatives and doctors about their perceptions of the impact of malnutrition and its quality of care. Of the 2209 patients questioned, majority said they were concerned about nutrition with 75% considering it essential to take appropriate nutritional care but only 19% self-reported link between malnutrition and fatigue...
November 8, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127549/preservation-of-the-celiac-branch-of-the-vagal-nerve-for-pylorus-preserving-gastrectomy-is-it-meaningful
#18
Haruna Furukawa, Manabu Ohashi, Michitaka Honda, Koshi Kumagai, Souya Nunobe, Takeshi Sano, Naoki Hiki
BACKGROUND: Preserving the hepatic and pyloric branches of the vagal nerve in laparoscopic pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (LPPG) is considered necessary to maintain the function of the pyloric cuff. However, the clinical benefits of preservation of the celiac branch of the vagal nerve (CBVN) remain unclear. METHODS: Of 391 patients who underwent LPPG for early gastric cancer, 116 patients in whom the CBVN was preserved (CBP group) and 58 patients in whom it was not preserved (non-CBP group) were selected through the propensity score-matching method...
November 10, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126400/the-preoperative-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-is-a-superior-indicator-of-prognosis-compared-with-other-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-resectable-colorectal-cancer
#19
Yongxi Song, Yuchong Yang, Peng Gao, Xiaowan Chen, Dehao Yu, Yingying Xu, Junhua Zhao, Zhenning Wang
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence has indicated that some inflammatory markers, including lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and prognostic nutritional index (PNI), can be used as indicators in the prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, there is controversy concerning what is the best predictor of prognosis in CRC. METHODS: A cohort of 1744 CRC patients in our institution was analyzed retrospectively...
November 10, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126396/feasibility-of-structured-endurance-training-and-mediterranean-diet-in-brca1-and-brca2-mutation-carriers-an-interventional-randomized-controlled-multicenter-trial-libre-1
#20
Marion Kiechle, Ricarda Dukatz, Maryam Yahiaoui-Doktor, Anika Berling, Maryam Basrai, Vera Staiger, Uwe Niederberger, Nicole Marter, Jacqueline Lammert, Sabine Grill, Katharina Pfeifer, Kerstin Rhiem, Rita K Schmutzler, Matthias Laudes, Michael Siniatchkin, Martin Halle, Stephan C Bischoff, Christoph Engel
BACKGROUND: Women with pathogenic BRCA germline mutations have an increased risk for breast and ovarian cancer that seems to be modified by life-style factors. Though, randomized trials investigating the impact of lifestyle interventions on cancer prevention and prognosis in BRCA carriers are still missing. METHODS: We implemented a multicenter, prospective randomized controlled trial in BRCA1/2 patients, comparing a lifestyle intervention group (IG) with a control group (CG) with the primary aim to prove feasibility...
November 10, 2017: BMC Cancer
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