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Nutrition AND cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220328/the-provision-of-dietary-and-physical-activity-advice-for-men-diagnosed-with-prostate-cancer-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-and-views-of-health-care-professionals-patients-and-partners
#1
Eileen Sutton, Lucy E Hackshaw-McGeagh, Jonathan Aning, Amit Bahl, Anthony Koupparis, Raj Persad, Richard M Martin, J Athene Lane
PURPOSE: To explore the views and experiences of health care professionals (HCPs), men diagnosed with localised prostate cancer and their partners about the provision of advice on diet and physical activity after diagnosis and treatment for localised prostate cancer. METHODS: Semi-structured in-depth interviews with ten HCPs (Consultant Urological Surgeons, Uro-Oncology Clinical Nurse Specialists and Allied Health Professionals: see Table 1) and sixteen men diagnosed with localised prostate cancer and seven of their partners...
February 20, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220314/supportive-care-organization-in-france-a-national-in-depth-survey-among-patients-and-oncologists
#2
Florian Scotté, Christian Hervé, Pauline Leroy, Jean-Marc Tourani, René-Jean Bensadoun, Marie-Eve Bugat, Fadila Farsi, Nicolas Jovenin, Moïse Namer, Christophe Tournigand, Sophie Morin, Cloé Brami, Stéphane Oudard, Alexandre Saadi, Ivan Krakowski
PURPOSE: Medical doctors' (MDs), but not patients', perception of supportive care in cancer (SCC) in France has been previously assessed in a national survey. This study evaluated MDs and patients' perceptions of the SCC organization and implementation in France. METHODS: The French SCC Association conducted two observational studies: study 1 (S1), containing a 30-point questionnaire sent to 2263 MDs, and study 2 (S2), containing a 40-point questionnaire sent to 2000 patients...
February 20, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219213/-clinical-application-value-of-prognostic-nutritional-index-for-predicting-survival-in-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#3
W J Xu, Y M Kang, L Zhou, F F Chen, Y H Song, C Q Zhang
Objective: To explore the clinical application value of prognostic nutritional index(PNI) for predicting overall survival(OS) in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: 123 patients with histologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer were enrolled in this study, and their clinical and laboratory data were reviewed. The PNI was calculated as 10×serum albumin value+ 5×total lymphocyte countin peripheral blood.Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify the potential prognostic factors for advanced NSCLC...
February 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218395/coffee-tea-and-melanoma-risk-findings-from-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition
#4
Saverio Caini, Giovanna Masala, Calogero Saieva, Marina Kvaskoff, Isabelle Savoye, Carlotta Sacerdote, Oskar Hemmingsson, Bodil Hammer Bech, Kim Overvad, Anne Tjønneland, Kristina E N Petersen, Francesca Romana Mancini, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Iris Cervenka, Rudolf Kaaks, Tilman Kühn, Heiner Boeing, Anna Floegel, Antonia Trichopoulou, Elisavet Valanou, Maria Kritikou, Giovanna Tagliabue, Salvatore Panico, Rosario Tumino, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Petra H Peeters, Marit B Veierød, Reza Ghiasvand, Marko Lukic, José Ramón Quirós, Maria-Dolores Chirlaque, Eva Ardanaz, Elena Salamanca Fernández, Nerea Larrañaga, Raul Zamora-Ros, Lena Maria Nilsson, Ingrid Ljuslinder, Karin Jirström, Emily Sonestedt, Timothy J Key, Nick Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw, Marc Gunter, Inge Huybrechts, Neil Murphy, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Elisabete Weiderpass, Domenico Palli
In vitro and animal studies suggest that bioactive constituents of coffee and tea may have anticarcinogenic effects against cutaneous melanoma, however epidemiological evidence is limited to date. We examined the relationships between coffee (total, caffeinated or decaffeinated) and tea consumption and risk of melanoma in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). EPIC is a multi-centre prospective study that enrolled over 500,000 participants aged 25-70 years from ten European countries in 1992-2000...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216454/protective-effects-of-short-term-dietary-restriction-in-surgical-stress-and-chemotherapy
#5
REVIEW
Sebastian Brandhorst, Eylul Harputlugil, James R Mitchell, Valter D Longo
Reduced caloric intake including fasting, as well as the dietary composition or the timing of food intake impact longevity, likely through a modification in the onset or the severity of chronic aging-related diseases such as cancer. As with pre- and post-operative dietary recommendations, evidence-based nutritional advice from healthcare professionals during and after cancer treatment is often vague or conflicting. We hypothesize that preventive dietary recommendations can help in the context of both chronic cancer treatment efficacy and the avoidance of development of secondary malignancies, as well as in the context of protection from the acute stress of surgery...
February 16, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216377/neighborhood-walkability-and-hospital-treatment-costs-a-first-assessment
#6
Yan Yu, Rachel Davey, Tom Cochrane, Vincent Learnihan, Ivan C Hanigan, Nasser Bagheri
Health system expenditure is a global concern, with hospital cost a major component. Built environment has been found to affect physical activity and health outcomes. The purpose of the study was a first assessment of the relationship between neighborhood walkability and hospital treatment costs. For 88 neighborhoods in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), 2011-2013, a total of 30,690 hospital admissions for the treatment of four diagnostic groups (cancers, endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases, circulatory diseases and respiratory diseases) were extracted from the ACT admitted patient care database and analyzed in relation to the Walk Score® index as a measure of walkability...
February 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216110/the-current-global-state-of-key-lifestyle-characteristics-health-and-economic-implications
#7
REVIEW
Ross Arena, Amy McNeil, Michael Sagner, Andrew P Hills
The chronic disease crisis we currently face must be addressed in rapid fashion. Cardiovascular (CV) and pulmonary diseases, diabetes as well as several forms of cancer are leading causes of morbidity and mortality globally. Collectively, these conditions have a significant impact on the quality of life of individuals, families and communities, placing an unsustainable burden on health systems. There is hope for the chronic disease crisis in that these conditions are largely preventable or can be delayed to much later in life through a timeless medicine, healthy living...
February 16, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214853/chronic-consumption-of-artificial-sweetener-in-packets-or-tablets-and-type-2-diabetes-risk-evidence-from-the-e3n-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-study
#8
Guy Fagherazzi, Gaëlle Gusto, Aurélie Affret, Francesca Romana Mancini, Courtney Dow, Beverley Balkau, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Fabrice Bonnet, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault
BACKGROUND: The influence of artificial sweeteners on metabolic diseases is controversial. Artificially sweetened beverages have been associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) but biases and reverse causation have been suspected to have influenced the observed association. In addition, it has been suggested that investigation into the relationship between the frequency and duration of the consumption of packet or tablet artificial sweeteners and T2D risk is necessary...
February 18, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214185/characteristics-of-patients-with-liver-cancer-in-the-biobank-japan-project
#9
Shigekazu Ukawa, Emiko Okada, Koshi Nakamura, Makoto Hirata, Akiko Nagai, Koichi Matsuda, Zentaro Yamagata, Yoichiro Kamatani, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Yutaka Kiyohara, Kaori Muto, Michiaki Kubo, Yusuke Nakamura, Akiko Tamakoshi
BACKGROUND: Liver cancer is the fifth cause of cancer-related deaths in Japan. The BioBank Japan (BBJ) project included 200,000 patients with 47 diseases and samples; their clinical information can be used for further studies. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with liver cancer (n = 1733; 1316 men, 417 women) were included. Histology, patient characteristics, clinical characteristics, and causes of death were collected. Cumulative and relative survival rates for liver cancer were calculated...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213742/comparison-of-systemic-inflammatory-and-nutritional-scores-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-who-underwent-potentially-curative-resection
#10
Ryuma Tokunaga, Yasuo Sakamoto, Shigeki Nakagawa, Daisuke Izumi, Keisuke Kosumi, Katsunobu Taki, Takaaki Higashi, Tatsunori Miyata, Yuji Miyamoto, Naoya Yoshida, Hideo Baba
BACKGROUND: Various systemic inflammatory and nutritional scores have been reported to predict postoperative outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the best systemic inflammatory and nutritional scores in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients who underwent potentially curative resection. METHOD: We evaluated 468 consecutive CRC patients in this study. Comparisons of systemic inflammatory and nutritional scores, including the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), prognostic index (PI), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and modified Glasgow prognostic score (mGPS), were performed using univariate/multivariate analyses for patient survival...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212012/-meyeniins-a-c-novel-hexahydroimidazo-1-5-c-thiazole-derivatives-from-the-tubers-of-lepidium-meyenii-complete-structural-elucidation-by-biomimetic-synthesis-and-racemic-crystallization
#11
Min Zhou, Hang-Ying Ma, Zhi-Hua Liu, Guang-Yu Yang, Gang Du, Yan-Qing Ye, Gan-Peng Li, Qiu-Fen Hu
(+)-Meyeniins A-C (1-3), a novel class of sulfur-containing hexahydroimidazo[1,5-c]thiazole derivatives, were isolated from the tubers of Lepidium meyenii cultivated in Lijiang, Yunnan Province, China. Guided by their biosynthetic hypothesis, a stereocontrolled biomimetic synthesis of meyeniins A-C and their individual enantiomers was efficiently accomplished by a combination of a condensation reaction and Edman degradation. The formation of high-quality crystals for X-ray crystallography occurred much more readily from a racemic mixture of (±)-meyeniin A than with the single enantiomer alone in this case...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209144/modified-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-protocols-for-patients-with-obstructive-colorectal-cancer
#12
Dai Shida, Kyoko Tagawa, Kentaro Inada, Keiichi Nasu, Yasuji Seyama, Tsuyoshi Maeshiro, Sachio Miyamoto, Satoru Inoue, Nobutaka Umekita
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols are now well-known to be useful for elective colorectal surgery, as they result in shorter hospital stays without adversely affecting morbidity. However, the efficacy and safety of ERAS protocols for patients with obstructive colorectal cancer have yet to be clarified. METHODS: We evaluated 122 consecutive resections for obstructive colorectal cancer performed between July 2008 and November 2012 at Tokyo Metropolitan Bokutoh Hospital...
February 16, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206987/id2-promotes-survival-of-glioblastoma-cells-during-metabolic-stress-by-regulating-mitochondrial-function
#13
Zhonghua Zhang, Gilbert J Rahme, Pranam D Chatterjee, Matthew C Havrda, Mark A Israel
Tumor cells proliferate in cellular environments characterized by a lack of optimal tissue organization resulting oftentimes in compromised cellular metabolism affecting nutrition, respiration, and energetics. The response of tumor cells to adverse environmental conditions is a key feature affecting their pathogenicity. We found that inhibitor of DNA binding 2 (ID2) expression levels significantly correlate with the ability of glioblastoma (GBM)-derived cell lines to survive glucose deprivation. ID2 suppressed mitochondrial oxidative respiration and mitochondrial ATP production by regulating the function of mitochondrial electron transport chain (mETC) complexes, resulting in reduced superoxide and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production from mitochondria...
February 16, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205223/abdominal-adiposity-is-not-a-mediator-of-the-protective-effect-of-mediterranean-diet-on-colorectal-cancer
#14
Francesca Fasanelli, Daniela Zugna, Maria Teresa Giraudo, Vittorio Krogh, Sara Grioni, Salvatore Panico, Amalia Mattiello, Giovanna Masala, Saverio Caini, Rosario Tumino, Graziella Frasca, Veronica Sciannameo, Fulvio Ricceri, Carlotta Sacerdote
Adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) has a preventive effect on colorectal cancer (CRC). Several biological mechanisms have been hypothesized to explain this effect, but the involvement of clinical mediators has not been experimentally proven. We examined the role of abdominal adiposity (i.e. waist-to-hip ratio, WHR) as a potential mediator of the relationship between the MD and CRC in the Italian centres of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. We evaluated the effect of the Italian Mediterranean Index (IMI) on WHR and of WHR on CRC risk...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204992/the-life-experience-of-nutrition-impact-symptoms-during-treatment-for-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis
#15
REVIEW
Valentina Bressan, Annamaria Bagnasco, Giuseppe Aleo, Gianluca Catania, Milko P Zanini, Fiona Timmins, Loredana Sasso
PURPOSE: In the literature, there is limited research about the changed meaning of food, the eating and the eating experience during treatment in patients with head and neck cancer. This systematic review includes findings from a qualitative research synthesis to gain a deeper understanding of the influence and experiences of dysphagia, dysgeusia, oral mucositis and xerostomia in head and neck cancer patients (HNC) and suggests recommendations for care practice. METHOD: A systematic review and meta-synthesis techniques were adopted to identify, appraise and synthesize the relevant literature regarding the experience of nutritional symptoms of HNC patients conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines...
February 15, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198990/corticosteroids-and-hip-fracture-risk-in-elderly-respiratory-patients-epic-greece-cohort
#16
Anna Karakatsani, Michail Katsoulis, Eleni Klinaki, Antonia Trichopoulou
INTRODUCTION: In an ageing population the prevalence of osteoporosis and chronic respiratory diseases is expected to increase in the near future. Interestingly, several forms of corticosteroids, drugs implicated in osteoporosis pathogenesis, are prescribed to respiratory patients without taking into consideration their age and risk for osteoporotic fractures. The aim of this study was to investigate the risk for hip fracture of the elder individuals who are taking corticosteroids for respiratory disease, including inhalers...
2017: Adv Respir Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198336/managing-tissue-viability-issues-in-patients-with-cancer-approaching-the-end-of-life
#17
Kenneth Robert Ripley, Mark Collier
This article provides an overview of tissue viability issues related to the care of patients with cancer who are approaching the end of life. Altered physiology as a result of various factors, including nutrition, medication and radiotherapy, is identified. The article discusses the presentation and treatment of cutaneous radiation injury, malignant wounds, pressure ulcers and Skin Changes At Life's End (SCALE), an acronym used to describe a set of clinical phenomena associated with skin changes in patients approaching the end of life, and makes recommendations for practice...
February 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195363/liver-fibrosis-scores-predict-liver-disease-mortality-in-the-united-states-population
#18
Aynur Unalp-Arida, Constance E Ruhl
BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE: Fatty liver disease is common in the United States and worldwide due to changing lifestyles and can progress to fibrosis and cirrhosis contributing to premature death. We examined whether liver fibrosis scores were associated with increased overall and disease-specific mortality in a U.S. population-based prospective survey with up to 23 years of linked-mortality data. METHODS: Data were analyzed from 14,841 viral hepatitis negative adult participants in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994...
February 13, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193264/the-clinical-picture-of-cachexia-a-mosaic-of-different-parameters-experience-of-503-patients
#19
S Schwarz, O Prokopchuk, K Esefeld, S Gröschel, J Bachmann, S Lorenzen, H Friess, M Halle, M E Martignoni
BACKGROUND: Despite our growing knowledge about the pathomechanisms of cancer cachexia, a whole clinical picture of the cachectic patient is still missing. Our objective was to evaluate the clinical characteristics in cancer patients with and without cachexia to get the whole picture of a cachectic patient. METHODS: Cancer patients of the University Clinic "Klinikum rechts der Isar" with gastrointestinal, gynecological, hematopoietic, lung and some other tumors were offered the possibility to take part in the treatment concept including a nutrition intervention and an individual training program according to their capability...
February 14, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192107/gastrointestinal-complications-of-obesity
#20
Michael Camilleri, Harmeet Malhi, Andres Acosta
Obesity is usually associated with morbidity related to diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. However, there are many gastrointestinal and hepatic diseases for which obesity is the direct cause [e.g. non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD)] or is a significant risk factor, such as reflux esophagitis and gallstones. When obesity is a risk factor, it may interact with other mechanisms and result in earlier presentation or complicated diseases. There are increased odds ratios or relative risks of several gastrointestinal complications of obesity: gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), erosive esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, esophageal adenocarcinoma, erosive gastritis, gastric cancer, diarrhea, colonic diverticular disease, polyps, cancer, liver disease including NAFLD, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, gallstones, acute pancreatitis, and pancreatic cancer...
February 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
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