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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432944/phototoxic-action-of-a-zinc-ii-phthalocyanine-encapsulated-into-poloxamine-polymeric-micelles-in-2d-and-3d-colon-carcinoma-cell-cultures
#1
Nicolás Chiarante, María C García Vior, Josefina Awruch, Julieta Marino, Leonor P Roguin
Photodynamic therapy is emerging as a hopeful method for the treatment of oncological diseases. In the search of novel therapeutic strategies for colorectal cancer, in this work we reported the photocytotoxic activity of a lipophilic zinc(II) phthalocyanine on a murine colon adenocarcinoma cell line (CT26 cells). The 2,9(10),16(17),23(24) tetrakis[(2-dimethylamino)ethylsulfanyl]phthalocyaninatozinc(II), named Pc9, was encapsulated into Tetronic® 1107 polymeric poloxamine micelles (T1107) and assayed in 2D and 3D cell cultures...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431393/loss-of-tpm4-1-leads-to-disruption-of-cell-cell-adhesions-and-invasive-behavior-in-breast-epithelial-cells-via-increased-rac1-signaling
#2
SukYeong Jeong, SunYoung Lim, Galina Schevzov, Peter W Gunning, David M Helfman
Here we report the identification and characterization of a novel high molecular weight isoform of tropomyosin, Tpm4.1, expressed from the human TPM4 gene. Tpm4.1 expression is down-regulated in a subset of breast cancer cells compared with untransformed MCF10A breast epithelial cells and in highly metastatic breast cancer cell lines derived from poorly metastatic MDA-MD-231 cells. In addition, patients with invasive ductal breast carcinoma show decreased TPM4 expression compared with patients with ductal breast carcinoma in situ, and low TPM4 expression is associated with poor prognosis...
April 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430635/unsuccessful-mitosis-in-multicellular-tumour-spheroids
#3
Annie Molla, Morgane Couvet, Jean-Luc Coll
Multicellular spheroids are very attractive models in oncology because they mimic the 3D organization of the tumour cells with their microenvironment. We show here using 3 different cell types (mammary TSA/pc, embryonic kidney Hek293 and cervical cancer HeLa), that when the cells are growing as spheroids the frequency of binucleated cells is augmented as occurs in some human tumours.We therefore describe mitosis in multicellular spheroids by following mitotic markers and by time-lapse experiments. Chromosomes alignment appears to be correct on the metaphasic plate and the passenger complex is well localized on centromere...
February 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430034/um-chor1-establishment-and-characterization-of-the-first-validated-clival-chordoma-cell-line
#4
John Henry Owen, Christine M Komarck, Anthony C Wang, Waleed M Abuzeid, Richard F Keep, Erin L McKean, Stephen Sullivan, Xing Fan, Mark E P Prince
OBJECTIVE Chordomas are rare malignant tumors thought to arise from remnants of the notochord. They can be located anywhere along the axial skeleton but are most commonly found in the clival and sacrococcygeal regions, where the notochord regresses during fetal development. Chordomas are resistant to many current therapies, leaving surgery as the primary method of treatment. Cancer cell lines have been useful for developing new cancer treatments in a laboratory setting that can then be transferred to the clinic, but there are only 4 validated chordoma cell lines available...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429743/novel-sumo-protease-senp7s-regulates-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-and-mammary-epithelial-cell-transformation
#5
Samaneh Karami, Feng-Ming Lin, Santosh Kumar, Shaymaa Bahnassy, Hariprasad Thangavel, Maram Quttina, Yue Li, Jing Ren, Tasneem Bawa-Khalfe
SUMO post-translational modification of proteins or SUMOylation ensures normal cell function. Disruption of SUMO dynamics prompts various pathophysiological conditions, including cancer. The burden of deSUMOylating the large SUMO-proteome rests on 6 full-length mammalian SUMO-proteases or SENP. While multiple SENP isoforms exist, the function of these isoforms remains undefined. We now delineate the biological role of a novel SENP7 isoform SENP7S in mammary epithelial cells. SENP7S is the predominant SENP transcript in human mammary epithelia but is significantly reduced in precancerous ductal carcinoma in situ and all breast cancer subtypes...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428618/pulmonary-delivery-of-triptolide-loaded-liposomes-decorated-with-anti-carbonic-anhydrase-ix-antibody-for-lung-cancer-therapy
#6
Congcong Lin, Blenda Chi Kwan Wong, Hubiao Chen, Zhaoxiang Bian, Ge Zhang, Xue Zhang, Muhammad Kashif Riaz, Deependra Tyagi, Ge Lin, Yanbo Zhang, Jinjin Wang, Aiping Lu, Zhijun Yang
Antibody-decorated liposomes can facilitate the precise delivery of chemotherapeutic drugs to the lung by targeting a recognition factor present on the surface of lung tumor cells. Carbonic anhydrase IX (CA IX) is an enzyme expressed on the surface of lung cancer cells with a restricted expression in normal lungs. Here, we explored the utility of anti-carbonic anhydrase IX (CA IX) antibody, conjugated to the surface of triptolide (TPL)-loaded liposomes (CA IX-TPL-Lips), to promote the therapeutic effects for lung cancer via pulmonary administration...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428278/oncogenic-role-of-snd1-in-development-and-progression-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#7
Nidhi Jariwala, Devaraja Rajasekaran, Rachel G Mendoza, Xue-Ning Shen, Ayesha Siddiq, Maaged Akiel, Chadia L Robertson, Mark A Subler, Jolene Windle, Paul B Fisher, Arun J Sanyal, Devanand Sarkar
SND1, a subunit of the miRNA regulatory complex RISC, has been implicated as an oncogene in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we show that hepatocyte-specific SND1 transgenic mice (Alb/SND1 mice) develop spontaneous HCC with partial penetrance and exhibit more highly aggressive HCC induced by chemical carcinogenesis. Livers from Alb/SND1 mice exhibited a relative increase in inflammatory markers and spheroid-generating tumor initiating cells (TIC). Mechanistic investigations defined roles for Akt and NF-kappaB signaling pathways in promoting TIC formation in Alb/SND1 mice...
April 20, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427147/brca1-controls-the-cell-division-axis-and-governs-ploidy-and-phenotype-in-human-mammary-cells
#8
Zhengcheng He, Nagarajan Kannan, Oksana Nemirovsky, Helen Chen, Marisa Connell, Brian Taylor, Jihong Jiang, Linda M Pilarski, Markus C Fleisch, Dieter Niederacher, Miguel Angel Pujana, Connie J Eaves, Christopher A Maxwell
BRCA1 deficiency may perturb the differentiation hierarchy present in the normal mammary gland and is associated with the genesis of breast cancers that are genomically unstable and typically display a basal-like transcriptome. Oriented cell division is a mechanism known to regulate cell fates and to restrict tumor formation. We now show that the cell division axis is altered following shRNA-mediated BRCA1 depletion in immortalized but non-tumorigenic, or freshly isolated normal human mammary cells with graded consequences in progeny cells that include aneuploidy, perturbation of cell polarity in spheroid cultures, and a selective loss of cells with luminal features...
February 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426875/bisphenol-a-activates-egfr-and-erk-promoting-proliferation-tumor-spheroid-formation-and-resistance-to-egfr-pathway-inhibition-in-estrogen-receptor-negative-inflammatory-breast-cancer-cells
#9
Scott J Sauer, Michael Tarpley, Imran Shah, Akshay V Save, H Kim Lyerly, Steven R Patierno, Kevin P Williams, Gayathri R Devi
Emerging evidence from epidemiological studies suggests a link between environmental chemical exposure and progression of aggressive breast cancer subtypes. Of all clinically distinct types of breast cancers, the most lethal phenotypic variant is inflammatory breast cancer (IBC). Overexpression of epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR/HER2) along with estrogen receptor (ER) negativity is common in IBC tumor cells, which instead of a solid mass present as rapidly proliferating diffuse tumor cell clusters. Our previous studies have demonstrated a role of an adaptive response of increased antioxidants in acquired resistance to EGFR-targeting drugs in IBC...
March 1, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426154/transparent-and-gas-permeable-liquid-marbles-for-culturing-and-drug-sensitivity-test-of-tumor-spheroids
#10
Hualin Li, Peng Liu, Guneet Kaur, Xi Yao, Mengsu Yang
Transparent nanoparticle-based liquid marbles with high gas-permeability are prepared to culture tumor spheroids in 3D without the need of supplementary growth factor. The culturing process of spheroids from a population of cancer cells or a single cell in the transparent liquid marbles can be optically recorded continuously. Compared to monolayer cells and spheroids generated in multiwell plate, tumor spheroids cultured in the liquid marbles show enhanced viability under the treatment of chemotherapeutic drugs and small interfering RNA...
April 20, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425588/drug-resistance-reversal-by-combretastatin-a4-phosphate-loaded-with-doxorubicin-in-polymersomes-independent-of-angiogenesis-effect
#11
Jinfang Zhu, Mengying Hu, Liyan Qiu
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate that the polymersomes (Ps-DOX-CA4P) dual-loaded with combretastatin-A4 phosphate (CA4P) and doxorubicin (DOX) overcame drug resistance and sensitized tumour cells to chemotherapeutic drugs. METHODS: Ps-DOX-CA4P were prepared by solvent evaporation method using mPEG-b-PLA as carriers. The potential capability of CA4P to reverse DOX resistance was verified by cytotoxicity test, apoptosis assay and cellular uptake of DOX. The comparison between free drugs and drug-loaded polymersomes was also made on a single-layer cell model and multicellular tumour spheroids to display the superiority of the drug vehicles...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425037/a-new-species-of-caryospora-l%C3%A3-ger-1904-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-from-the-guanabara-spotted-night-snake-siphlophis-pulcher-raddi-reptilia-dipsadidae-in-the-atlantic-forest-brazil
#12
Marcos Tobias de Santana Miglionico, Lúcio André Viana
A new coccidian species of the genus Caryospora Léger, 1904 (Apicomplexa, Eimeriidae) is described based on material from the Guanabara spotted night snake Siphlophis pulcher (Raddi) (Reptilia: Dipsadidae) in a coastal area of the Atlantic Forest in Ilha Grande Island, state of Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil. Caryospora ceadsensis n. sp. possesses spheroidal to slightly subspheroidal oöcysts measuring 17-24 × 17-24 (22.1 × 22.0) µm, with a c.1.3 µm thick bi-layered wall (inner layer smooth, outer layer slightly striated), length/width (L/W) ratio of 1...
April 19, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423706/identification-of-ras-suppressor-1-rsu-1-as-a-potential-breast-cancer-metastasis-biomarker-using-a-three-dimensional-in-vitro-approach
#13
Vasiliki Gkretsi, Andreas Stylianou, Maria Louca, Triantafyllos Stylianopoulos
Breast cancer (BC) is the most common malignant disease in women, with most patients dying from metastasis to distant organs, making discovery of novel metastasis biomarkers and therapeutic targets imperative. Extracellular matrix (ECM)-related adhesion proteins as well as tumor matrix stiffness are important determinants for metastasis. As traditional two-dimensional culture does not take into account ECM stiffness, we employed 3-dimensional collagen I gels of increasing concentration and stiffness to embed BC cells of different invasiveness (MCF-7, MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-231-LM2) or tumor spheroids...
March 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423507/tgf-%C3%AE-independent-ctgf-induction-regulates-cell-adhesion-mediated-drug-resistance-by-increasing-collagen-i-in-hcc
#14
Yeonhwa Song, Jin-Sun Kim, Eun Kyung Choi, Joon Kim, Kang Mo Kim, Haeng Ran Seo
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is resistant to conventional chemotherapeutic agents and remains an unmet medical need. Here, we demonstrate a mechanism of cell adhesion-mediated drug resistance using a variety of HCC spheroid models to overcome environment-mediated drug resistance in HCC. We classified spheroids into two groups, tightly compacted and loosely compacted aggregates, based on investigation of dynamics of spheroid formation. Our results show that compactness of HCC spheroids correlated with fibroblast-like characteristics, collagen 1A1 (COL1A1) content, and capacity for chemoresistance...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423355/mesenchymal-stem-cells-release-exosomes-that-transfer-mirnas-to-endothelial-cells-and-promote-angiogenesis
#15
Min Gong, Bin Yu, Jingcai Wang, Yigang Wang, Min Liu, Christian Paul, Ronald W Millard, De-Sheng Xiao, Muhammad Ashraf, Meifeng Xu
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been found to benefit patients with a variety of ischemic diseases via promoting angiogenesis. It is also well established that exosomes secreted from MSCs deliver bioactive molecules, including microRNAs (miRs) to recipient cells. Therefore, we hypothesized that exosomes secreted from MSCs deliver miRs into endothelial cells and mediate angiogenesis. The pro-angiogenic stimulatory capacity of exosomes was investigated using tube-like structure formation and spheroid-based sprouting of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), and in vivo Matrigel plug assay...
April 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421401/liquid-marbles-as-bioreactors-for-the-study-of-three-dimensional-cell-interactions
#16
Raja K Vadivelu, Harshad Kamble, Ahmed Munaz, Nam-Trung Nguyen
Liquid marble as a bioreactor platform for cell-based studies has received significant attention, especially for developing 3D cell-based assays. This platform is particularly suitable for 3D in-vitro modeling of cell-cell interactions. For the first time, we demonstrated the interaction of olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) with nerve debris and meningeal fibroblast using liquid marbles. As the transplantation of OECs can be used for repairing nerve injury, degenerating cell debris within the transplantation site can adversely affect the survival of transplanted OECs...
June 2017: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419596/effects-of-culture-conditions-on-the-size-morphology-and-wet-density-of-spores-of-bacillus-cereus-569-and-bacillus-megaterium-qm-b1551
#17
Ke Xu Zhou, Florencia Wisnivesky, D Ian Wilson, Graham Christie
The influence of variable culture conditions on the size and wet density of spores of Bacillus cereus and Bacillus megaterium were examined in this work. Culture temperature and initial pH was shown to have a significant impact on the size of both species, with increasingly alkaline culture media and elevated culture temperatures resulting in spores that were, on average, up to 25% reduced in volume. Increasing concentrations of inorganic salts in sporulation media exerted differing effects on each species; whereas a five-fold increase in the concentration of all salts resulted in only minor differences to the dimensions of B...
April 17, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418651/electrodeposition-of-highly-porous-pt-nanoparticles-studied-by-quantitative-3d-electron-tomography-influence-of-growth-mechanisms-and-potential-cycling-on-the-active-surface-area
#18
Jon Ustarroz, Bart Geboes, Hans Vanrompay, Kadir Sentosun, Sara Bals, Tom Breugelmans, Annick Hubin
Nanoporous Pt nanoparticles (NPs) are promising fuel cell catalysts due to their large surface area and increased electrocatalytic activity towards the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Herein, we report on the influence of the growth mechanisms on the surface properties of electrodeposited Pt dendritic NPs with large surface areas. The electrochemically active surface was studied by hydrogen underpotential deposition (H UPD) and compared for the first time to high angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM) quantitative 3D electron tomography of individual nanoparticles...
April 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417283/bis-anthracycline-wp760-abrogates-melanoma-cell-growth-by-transcription-inhibition-p53-activation-and-igf1r-downregulation
#19
Magdalena Olbryt, Aleksandra Rusin, Izabela Fokt, Anna Habryka, Patrycja Tudrej, Sebastian Student, Aleksander Sochanik, Rafał Zieliński, Waldemar Priebe
Anthracycline chemotherapeutics, e.g. doxorubicin and daunorubicin, are active against a broad spectrum of cancers. Their cytotoxicity is mainly attributed to DNA intercalation, interference with topoisomerase activity, and induction of double-stranded DNA breaks. Since modification of anthracyclines can profoundly affect their pharmacological properties we attempted to elucidate the mechanism of action, and identify possible molecular targets, of bis-anthracycline WP760 which previously demonstrated anti-melanoma activity at low nanomolar concentrations...
April 17, 2017: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416665/hippo-pathway-mediates-resistance-to-cytotoxic-drugs
#20
Taranjit S Gujral, Marc W Kirschner
Chemotherapy is widely used for cancer treatment, but its effectiveness is limited by drug resistance. Here, we report a mechanism by which cell density activates the Hippo pathway, which in turn inactivates YAP, leading to changes in the regulation of genes that control the intracellular concentrations of gemcitabine and several other US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved oncology drugs. Hippo inactivation sensitizes a diverse panel of cell lines and human tumors to gemcitabine in 3D spheroid, mouse xenografts, and patient-derived xenograft models...
April 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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