keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

spheroid

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535666/ddx53-regulates-cancer-stem-cell-like-properties-by-binding-to-sox-2
#1
Youngmi Kim, Minjeong Yeon, Dooil Jeoung
This study investigated the role of cancer/testis antigen DDX53 in regulating cancer stem cell-like properties. DDX53 shows co-expression with CD133, a marker for cancer stem cells. DDX53 directly regulates the SOX-2 expression in anticancer drug-resistant Malme3MR cells. DDX53 and miR-200bwere found to be involved in the regulation of tumor spheroid forming potential of Malme3M and Malme3MR cells. Furthermore, the self-renewal activity and the tumorigenic potential of Malme3M(R)-CD133 (+) cells were also regulated by DDX53...
May 2, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534208/a-new-eimerian-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-from-southern-short-tailed-shrews-blarina-carolinensis-bachman-soricimorpha-soricidae-soricinae-from-southeastern-oklahoma-usa
#2
Chris T McAllister, R Scott Seville
A new species of Eimeria Schneider, 1875 (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) is described from faecal samples of two of three southern short-tailed shrews, Blarina carolinensis (Bachman) (Soricidae) from southeastern Oklahoma, USA. Oöcysts of Eimeria tkachi n. sp. are subspheroidal to ovoidal with a rough-pitted, tan colored, bi-layered wall, measure 16.5 × 15.2 µm, and have a length/width (L/W) ratio of 1.1; both micropyle and oöcyst residuum are absent, but polar granule(s) are present. Sporocysts are ovoidal, 9...
May 22, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533121/recent-progress-in-hepatocyte-culture-models-and-their-application-to-the-assessment-of-drug-metabolism-transport-and-toxicity-in-drug-discovery-the-value-of-tissue-engineering-for-the-successful-development-of-a-microphysiological-system
#3
REVIEW
Kazuhiro Tetsuka, Masato Ohbuchi, Kenji Tabata
Tissue engineering technology has provided many useful culture models. This article reviews the merits of this technology in a hepatocyte culture system, and describes the applications of the sandwich-cultured hepatocyte model in drug discovery. In addition, we also review recent investigations of the utility of the three-dimensional bioprinted human liver tissue model and spheroid model. Finally, we present the future direction and developmental challenges of a hepatocyte culture model for the successful establishment of a microphysiological system, represented as an organ-on-a-chip and even as a human-on-a-chip...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529558/sirna-mediated-knockdown-of-id1-disrupts-nanog-and-oct-4-mediated-cancer-stem-cell-likeness-and-resistance-to-chemotherapy-in-gastric-cancer-cells
#4
Linlin Li, Xiaoyong Wei, Baofeng Wu, Yuanli Xiao, Mingzhu Yin, Qiaohong Yang
DNA-binding protein inhibitor ID-1 (ID1) serves an essential role in tumor progression, and the self-renewal and pluripotency of embryonic stem cells. However, the effect of ID1 on the stemness and cancer stem cell (CSC)-like properties of gastric adenocarcinoma cells remains to be elucidated. In the present study, effective ID1 knockdown was achieved in gastric cancer (GC) cells using small interfering RNA, and the self-renewal ability and cisplatin (DDP) sensitivity of GC cells was subsequently examined. ID1 knockdown in the MKN-28 and MGC-803 cell lines was demonstrated to significantly suppress colony formation (P=0...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527297/hyaluronic-acid-nanogels-prepared-via-ortho-ester-linkages-show-ph-triggered-behavior-enhanced-penetration-and-antitumor-efficacy-in-3-d-tumor-spheroids
#5
Guanqing Yang, Shengxiang Fu, Weijing Yao, Xin Wang, Qian Zha, Rupei Tang
A new type of pH-triggered hyaluronic acid nanogel system (HA-NGs) was successfully developed for tumor-targeted delivery of drugs. HA-NGs were obtained by copolymerization between methacrylate HA and a new cross-linker containing ortho ester groups in an aqueous solution. The therapeutic drug (DOX) was loaded into the HA-NGs (DOX@HA-NGs) and exhibited appropriate loading of about 17.3% with a size of around 200nm. Such new pH-triggered HA-NGs are found to be highly desirable for targeted cancer therapy because it could significantly minimize the amount of premature drug release in neutral pH, and also provide a sufficient amount of drug to effectively kill the cancer cells caused by the degradation of ortho ester groups at acid pH values...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524745/actin-cytoskeleton-regulates-functional-anchorage-migration-switch-during-t-cadherin-induced-phenotype-modulation-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells
#6
Agne Frismantiene, Emmanouil Kyriakakis, Boris Dasen, Paul Erne, Therese J Resink, Maria Philippova
Vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) switching between differentiated and dedifferentiated phenotypes is reversible and accompanied by morphological and functional alterations that require reconfiguration of cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion networks. Studies attempting to explore changes in overall composition of the adhesion nexus during SMC phenotype transition are lacking. We have previously demonstrated that T-cadherin knockdown enforces SMC differentiation, whereas T-cadherin upregulation promotes SMC dedifferentiation...
May 19, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524160/stroma-regulated-hmga2-is-an-independent-prognostic-marker-in-pdac-and-aac
#7
Carina Strell, Karin Jessica Norberg, Artur Mezheyeuski, Jonas Schnittert, Praneeth R Kuninty, Carlos Fernández Moro, Janna Paulsson, Nicolai Aagaard Schultz, Dan Calatayud, Johannes Matthias Löhr, Oliver Frings, Caroline Sophie Verbeke, Rainer Lothar Heuchel, Jai Prakash, Julia Sidenius Johansen, Arne Östman
BACKGROUND: The HMGA2 protein has experimentally been linked to EMT and cancer stemness. Recent studies imply that tumour-stroma interactions regulate these features and thereby contribute to tumour aggressiveness. METHODS: We analysed 253 cases of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and 155 cases of ampullary adenocarcinoma (AAC) for HMGA2 expression by IHC. The data were correlated with stroma abundance and supplemented by experimental studies. RESULTS: HMGA2 acts as an independent prognostic marker associated with a significantly shorter overall survival in both tumour types...
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524079/assembly-of-hepatocyte-spheroids-using-magnetic-3d-cell-culture-for-cyp450-inhibition-induction
#8
Pujan K Desai, Hubert Tseng, Glauco R Souza
There is a significant need for in vitro methods to study drug-induced liver injury that are rapid, reproducible, and scalable for existing high-throughput systems. However, traditional monolayer and suspension cultures of hepatocytes are difficult to handle and risk the loss of phenotype. Generally, three-dimensional (3D) cell culture platforms help recapitulate native liver tissue phenotype, but suffer from technical limitations for high-throughput screening, including scalability, speed, and handling. Here, we developed a novel assay for cytochrome P450 (CYP450) induction/inhibition using magnetic 3D cell culture that overcomes the limitations of other platforms by aggregating magnetized cells with magnetic forces...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523509/the-future-in-disease-models-for-mass-spectrometry-imaging-ethical-issues-and-the-way-forward
#9
Rebecca E Day, Ieva Palubeckaite
Mass Spectrometry Imaging (MSI) has evolved into a valuable tool for research into and the diagnosis of disease pathology. The ability to perform multiplex analysis of a wide range of molecules (e.g., proteins, lipids, and metabolites) simultaneously per tissue section while retaining the histological structure of the sample allows molecular information and tissue morphology to be correlated, thus increasing our understanding of a particular disease. Further development of MSI is required to improve suitability to the alternative models available, so that the combined approach can successfully provide the information required in disease characterization and prevention...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522595/human-salivary-peptide-histatin-1-stimulates-epithelial-and-endothelial-cell-adhesion-and-barrier-function
#10
Irene A van Dijk, Maria Laura Ferrando, Anne-Eva van der Wijk, Ron A Hoebe, Kamran Nazmi, Wouter J de Jonge, Przemek M Krawczyk, Jan G M Bolscher, Enno C I Veerman, Jan Stap
Histatins are multifunctional histidine-rich peptides secreted by the salivary glands and exclusively present in the saliva of higher primates, where they play a fundamental role in the protection of the oral cavity. Our previously published results demonstrated that histatin-1 (Hst1) promotes cell-substrate adhesion in various cell types and hinted that it could also be involved in cell-cell adhesion, a process of fundamental importance to epithelial and endothelial barriers. Here we explore the effects of Hst1 on cellular barrier function...
May 18, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522553/glioblastoma-derived-cells-in-vitro-unveil-the-spectrum-of-drug-resistance-capabilty-comparative-study-of-tumour-chemosensitivity-in-different-culture-systems
#11
Monika Witusik-Perkowska, Magdalena Zakrzewska, Beata Sikorska, Wielislaw Papierz, Dariusz J Jaskolski, Janusz Szemraj, Pawel P Liberski
Resistance to cancer drugs is a complex phenomenon which could be influenced by in vitro conditions. However, tumour-derived cell cultures are routinely used for studies related to mechanisms of drug responsiveness or the search for new therapeutic approaches. The purpose of our work was to identify the potential differences in drug resistance and response to treatment of glioblastoma with the use of three in vitro models: traditional adherent culture, serum-free spheroid culture and novel adherent serum-free culture...
May 18, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522297/three-dimensional-spheroid-culture-promotes-the-stemness-maintenance-of-cranial-stem-cells-by-activating-pi3k-akt-and-suppressing-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathways
#12
Da He, Ren-Xian Wang, Jian-Ping Mao, Bin Xiao, Da-Fu Chen, Wei Tian
Multipotent stem cells are one of the most powerful tools available for the bone regeneration. However, owing to various limitations, including a lack of tissue-specific stem cell identification, reconstruction of large cranial bone defects remains challenging. In the current study, we isolated a population of Sca-1(+)CD105(+)CD140a(+) stem cells from adult mouse calvarium and cultured them as three-dimensional spheroids. Although these cells shared similar surface antigens when grown in either monolayers or spheroids, the cranial stem cells grown in spheroids possessed enhanced multipotency and proliferation capacity...
May 15, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521819/linking-hypoxia-dna-damage-and-proliferation-in-multicellular-tumor-spheroids
#13
Stephen Riffle, Ram Naresh Pandey, Morgan Albert, Rashmi S Hegde
BACKGROUND: Multicellular Tumor Spheroids are frequently used to mimic the regionalization of proliferation and the hypoxic environment within avascular tumors. Here we exploit these features to study the activation of DNA damage repair pathways and their correlation to developing hypoxia. METHODS: Activation of DNA damage repair markers, proliferation, cell death, glycogen accumulation and developing hypoxia were investigated using immunofluorescence, immuno-histochemistry, EdU incorporation, Western blots, COMET assays, and pharmacological agents in A673 Ewing sarcoma spheroids and monolayer cultures...
May 18, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520521/three-dimensional-cell-cultures-in-drug-discovery-and-development
#14
Ye Fang, Richard M Eglen
The past decades have witnessed significant efforts toward the development of three-dimensional (3D) cell cultures as systems that better mimic in vivo physiology. Today, 3D cell cultures are emerging, not only as a new tool in early drug discovery but also as potential therapeutics to treat disease. In this review, we assess leading 3D cell culture technologies and their impact on drug discovery, including spheroids, organoids, scaffolds, hydrogels, organs-on-chips, and 3D bioprinting. We also discuss the implementation of these technologies in compound identification, screening, and development, ranging from disease modeling to assessment of efficacy and safety profiles...
June 2017: SLAS Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520445/telodendrimers-for-physical-encapsulation-and-covalent-linking-of-individual-or-combined-therapeutics
#15
Ashok Kakkar, Jason Choi, Alexandre Moquin, Enzo Bomal, Li Na, Dusica Maysinger
New therapeutics for glioblastoma multiforme and our ability to deliver them using efficient nanocarriers, constitute topical areas of research. We report a comparative study of temozolomide and quercetin in the treatment of glioblastoma (GBM) in 3D, and their incorporation into micelles obtained from synthetically articulated architectural copolymers, and a commercially available linear polymer poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PEG-PLGA). A versatile synthetic methodology to telodendrimers which can be easily adapted to the needs of other therapeutic interventions, is presented...
May 18, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518185/osteogenic-potential-of-adipose-derived-macrospheroids-cocultured-with-cd11b-monocytes
#16
Hidemi Nakata, Maiko Yamamoto, Emi Okada, Tomoko Nagayama, Munemitsu Miyasaka, Shohei Kasugai, Shinji Kuroda
PURPOSE: Among potential cell-based therapies, adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) have been proposed as a promising source of stem cells for tissue regeneration. Although many recent clinical trials have investigated the use of adipose tissue or ASCs in transplantation, analysis of the microstructures of outgrowing macrosized spheroids (macrospheroids) or three-dimensional coculture of ASC spheroids and monocyte/macrophage lineages has not been performed. The aim of this study was to analyze the microstructures of murine-derived ASC macrospheroids and the growth and osteogenic potential of these macrospheroids in a three-dimensional environment and after calcification induction by coculture with monocytes...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518115/analysis-of-retinoic-acid-induced-neural-differentiation-of-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells-in-two-and-three-dimensional-embryoid-bodies
#17
Junning Yang, Chuanshen Wu, Ioana Stefanescu, Arie Horowitz
Mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) isolated from the inner mass of the blastocyst (typically at day E3.5), can be used as in vitro model system for studying early embryonic development. In the absence of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), ESCs differentiate by default into neural precursor cells. They can be amassed into a three dimensional (3D) spherical aggregate termed embryoid body (EB) due to its similarity to the early stage embryo. EBs can be seeded on fibronectin-coated coverslips, where they expand by growing two dimensional (2D) extensions, or implanted in 3D collagen matrices where they continue growing as spheroids, and differentiate into the three germ layers: endodermal, mesodermal, and ectodermal...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515423/mir-520b-as-a-novel-molecular-target-for-suppressing-stemness-phenotype-of-head-neck-cancer-by-inhibiting-cd44
#18
Ya-Ching Lu, Ann-Joy Cheng, Li-Yu Lee, Guo-Rung You, Yan-Liang Li, Hsin-Ying Chen, Joseph T Chang
Cancer stem cells preferentially acquire the specific characteristics of stress tolerance and high mobility, allowing them to progress to a therapy-refractive state. To identify a critical molecule to regulate cancer stemness is indispensable to erratically cure cancer. In this study, we identified miR-520b as a novel molecular target to suppress head-neck cancer (HNC) with stemness phenotype. MiR-520b inhibited cellular migration and invasion via the mechanism of epithelial-mesenchymal transition. It also sensitized cells to therapeutic drug and irradiation...
May 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513634/mitochondria-targeted-platinum-ii-complexes-dual-inhibitory-activities-on-tumor-cell-proliferation-and-migration-invasion-via-intracellular-trafficking-of-%C3%AE-catenin
#19
Jingling Li, Xiaoli He, Yeling Zou, Dandan Chen, Liecheng Yang, Jiaming Rao, Huabing Chen, Michael C W Chan, Lin Li, Zhengqing Guo, Leshuai W Zhang, Chunying Chen
Mitochondria-targeted therapy is an alternative strategy for cancer therapy and may overcome the problems of metastasis and drug resistance that usually occur in conventional treatment. In this work, we demonstrate the mitochondria-targeted delivery of a cationic cyclometalated platinum(ii) complex, PIP-platin, in cancer cells. PIP-platin showed selective delivery and accumulation in the mitochondria and exhibited toxicity against a variety of tumor cell lines. The mitochondria were disrupted by PIP-platin, along with the generation of reactive oxygen species, depolarization of mitochondrial membrane potential, release of cytochrome c and necrosis...
May 17, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509858/modes-of-cell-death-induced-by-photodynamic-therapy-using-zinc-phthalocyanine-in-lung-cancer-cells-grown-as-a-monolayer-and-three-dimensional-multicellular-spheroids
#20
Sello L Manoto, Nicolette Houreld, Natasha Hodgkinson, Heidi Abrahamse
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) involves interaction of a photosensitizer, light, and molecular oxygen which produces singlet oxygen and subsequent tumour eradication. The development of second generation photosensitizers, such as phthalocyanines, has improved this technology. Customary monolayer cell culture techniques are, unfortunately, too simple to replicate treatment effects in vivo. Multicellular tumour spheroids may provide a better alternative since they mimic aspects of the human tumour environment. This study aimed to profile 84 genes involved in apoptosis following treatment with PDT on lung cancer cells (A549) grown in a monolayer versus three-dimensional multicellular tumour spheroids (250 and 500 μm)...
May 16, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
keyword
keyword
56685
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"