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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918999/effect-of-silver-nanoparticles-on-the-metabolic-rate-hematological-response-and-survival-of-juvenile-white-shrimp-litopenaeus-vannamei
#1
Karla Juarez-Moreno, Claudio Humberto Mejía-Ruiz, Fernando Díaz, Horacio Reyna-Verdugo, Ana Denisse Re, Edgar F Vazquez-Felix, Edna Sánchez-Castrejón, Josué D Mota-Morales, Alexey Pestryakov, Nina Bogdanchikova
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is highly lethal and contagious in shrimps; its outbreaks causes an economic crisis for aquaculture. Several attempts have been made to treat this disease; however, to date, there is no effective cure. Because of their antimicrobial activities, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are the most studied nanomaterial. Although the antiviral properties of AgNPs have been studied, their antiviral effect against viral infection in aquaculture has not been reported. The AgNPs tested herein are coated with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and possess multiple international certifications for their use in veterinary and human applications...
December 2, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918404/entrepreneurship-assessing-the-readiness-of-the-new-jersey-apn-workforce
#2
Edna Cadmus, Mary L Johansen, Phyllis Arn Zimmer, David L Knowlton
There is an unprecedented opportunity to move advanced practice nurses (APNs) into primary care settings at a steady rate over the next 5 to 8 years. In addition, the opportunity for nurse-owned or nurse-led practices has never been greater. However, many APNs currently work in a structured environment where the employer focuses on the business aspects of the practice and the APN focuses primarily on clinical care. Often APNs are unaware of the entrepreneurial contribution they make to the practice. A Needs Assessment Survey was developed to better understand business and practice management knowledge and skills of APNs in New Jersey...
January 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913843/molecular-evolution-in-historical-perspective
#3
Edna Suárez-Díaz
In the 1960s, advances in protein chemistry and molecular genetics provided new means for the study of biological evolution. Amino acid sequencing, nucleic acid hybridization, zone gel electrophoresis, and immunochemistry were some of the experimental techniques that brought about new perspectives to the study of the patterns and mechanisms of evolution. New concepts, such as the molecular evolutionary clock, and the discovery of unexpected molecular phenomena, like the presence of repetitive sequences in eukaryotic genomes, eventually led to the realization that evolution might occur at a different pace at the organismic and the molecular levels, and according to different mechanisms...
December 2016: Journal of Molecular Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911387/use-of-a-filter-cartridge-for-filtration-of-water-samples-and-extraction-of-environmental-dna
#4
Masaki Miya, Toshifumi Minamoto, Hiroki Yamanaka, Shin-Ichiro Oka, Keiichi Sato, Satoshi Yamamoto, Tetsuya Sado, Hideyuki Doi
Recent studies demonstrated the use of environmental DNA (eDNA) from fishes to be appropriate as a non-invasive monitoring tool. Most of these studies employed disk fiber filters to collect eDNA from water samples, although a number of microbial studies in aquatic environments have employed filter cartridges, because the cartridge has the advantage of accommodating large water volumes and of overall ease of use. Here we provide a protocol for filtration of water samples using the filter cartridge and extraction of eDNA from the filter without having to cut open the housing...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894058/a-non-inferiority-trial-of-prolonged-exposure-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-person-versus-home-based-telehealth
#5
Ron Acierno, Rebecca Knapp, Peter Tuerk, Amanda K Gilmore, Carl Lejuez, Kenneth Ruggiero, Wendy Muzzy, Leonard Egede, Melba A Hernandez-Tejada, Edna B Foa
This is the first randomized controlled trial to evaluate non-inferiority of Prolonged Exposure (PE) delivered via home-based telehealth (HBT) compared to standard in-person (IP) PE. One-hundred thirty two Veterans recruited from a Southeastern Veterans Affairs Medical Center and affiliated University who met criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were randomized to receive PE via HBT or PE via IP. Results indicated that PE-HBT was non-inferior to PE-IP in terms of reducing PTSD scores at post-treatment, 3 and 6 month follow-up...
November 22, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886636/the-impact-of-social-support-unit-cohesion-and-trait-resilience-on-ptsd-in-treatment-seeking-military-personnel-with-ptsd-the-role-of-posttraumatic-cognitions
#6
Yinyin Zang, Thea Gallagher, Carmen P McLean, Hallie S Tannahill, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Edna B Foa
BACKGROUND: The personal resources of social support, unit cohesion, and trait resilience have been found to be associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) severity among military personnel. However, the underlying mechanisms of these relationships are unclear. We hypothesized that negative posttraumatic cognitions, which are associated with PTSD, mediate the relationships between these personal resources and PTSD. METHODS: The relationship between PTSD symptom severity and a latent factor comprised of social support, unit cohesion, and trait resilience was evaluated using cross-sectional data from 366 treatment-seeking active duty military personnel with PTSD following deployments to or near Iraq or Afghanistan...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878541/gendered-knowledge-and-adaptive-practices-differentiation-and-change-in-mwanga-district-tanzania
#7
Thomas A Smucker, Elizabeth Edna Wangui
We examine the wider social knowledge domain that complements technical and environmental knowledge in enabling adaptive practices through two case studies in Tanzania. We are concerned with knowledge production that is shaped by gendered exclusion from the main thrusts of planned adaptation, in the practice of irrigation in a dryland village and the adoption of fast-maturing seed varieties in a highland village. The findings draw on data from a household survey, community workshops, and key informant interviews...
December 2016: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878537/a-synthesis-of-convergent-reflections-tensions-and-silences-in-linking-gender-and-global-environmental-change-research
#8
EDITORIAL
Irene Iniesta-Arandia, Federica Ravera, Stephanie Buechler, Isabel Díaz-Reviriego, María E Fernández-Giménez, Maureen G Reed, Mary Thompson-Hall, Hailey Wilmer, Lemlem Aregu, Philippa Cohen, Houria Djoudi, Sarah Lawless, Berta Martín-López, Thomas Smucker, Grace B Villamor, Elizabeth Edna Wangui
This synthesis article joins the authors of the special issue "Gender perspectives in resilience, vulnerability and adaptation to global environmental change" in a common reflective dialogue about the main contributions of their papers. In sum, here we reflect on links between gender and feminist approaches to research in adaptation and resilience in global environmental change (GEC). The main theoretical contributions of this special issue are threefold: emphasizing the relevance of power relations in feminist political ecology, bringing the livelihood and intersectionality approaches into GEC, and linking resilience theories and critical feminist research...
December 2016: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861692/-gestational-and-congenital-toxoplasmosis-a-practical-approach-to-disease-notification
#9
Jaqueline Dario Capobiango, Regina Mitsuka Breganó, Fabiana Maria Ruiz Lopes Mori, Italmar Teodorico Navarro, Josemari Sawczuk de Arruda Campos, Linda Tsuiko Tatakihara, Thalita Bento Talizin, Monica Dos Santos, Tayná Rolim Galvão Pereira, Simone Garani Narciso, Edna Maria Vissoci Reiche
OBJECTIVE: to demonstrate the experience of implanting toxoplasmosis notification during pregnancy and congenital toxoplasmosis in a Sentinel Unit (SU) and describe reported cases. METHODS: this was a descriptive study of the implantation of a notification protocol using a specific notification form for suspected cases of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women and congenital toxoplasmosis in a reference center in Paraná State, Brazil, from August 2013 to August 2014. RESULTS: all 64 suspected cases were notified and case investigation was completed by the SU Epidemiology Sector; 63 received prenatal care and 51 received treatment during pregnancy; 7 of the children being clinically monitored had confirmed diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis...
January 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861685/-healthcare-provided-to-indigenous-people-from-the-northeast-brazilian-state-of-maranh%C3%A3-o-by-the-unified-health-system-in-teresina-pi-in-2011-a-descriptive-study
#10
Marize Melo Dos Santos, Kyria Javanne Clímaco Cruz, Larissa Carvalho Ribeiro de Sá, Carulina Cardoso Batista, Edna Maria Guedes Aguiar, Apolonia Maria Tavares Nogueira
OBJECTIVE: to describe access to health services by Indians of Kanela and Guajajara ethnic groups and their satisfaction with care provided by the Unified Health System (SUS). METHODS: a descriptive study of a non-probabilistic sample of Indigenous people living in Barra do Corda, State of Maranhão, receiving SUS healthcare in Teresina, State of Piauí, Brazil, in 2011; a questionnaire was administered on frequently used health services, forms of access and ease or difficultly in accessing them...
January 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859619/treatment-of-adolescent-ptsd-the-impact-of-prolonged-exposure-versus-client-centered-therapy-on-co-occurring-emotional-and-behavioral-problems
#11
Laurie Zandberg, Antonia N Kaczkurkin, Carmen P McLean, Leslie Rescorla, Elna Yadin, Edna B Foa
The present study evaluated secondary emotional and behavioral outcomes among adolescents who received prolonged exposure (PE-A) or client-centered therapy (CCT) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a randomized controlled trial. Participants were 61 adolescent girls (age: M = 15.33, SD = 1.50 years) with sexual abuse related PTSD seeking treatment at a community mental health clinic. Multilevel modeling was employed to evaluate group differences on the Youth Self-Report (YSR) over acute treatment and 12-month follow-up...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859588/influence-of-sleep-disturbance-on-global-functioning-after-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-treatment
#12
Janeese A Brownlow, Carmen P McLean, Philip R Gehrman, Gerlinde C Harb, Richard J Ross, Edna B Foa
Chronic insomnia and recurrent nightmares are prominent features of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Evidence from adult research indicates that these sleep disturbances do not respond as well to cognitive-behavioral therapies for PTSD and are associated with poorer functional outcomes. This study examined the effect of prolonged exposure therapy for adolescents versus client-centered therapy on posttraumatic sleep disturbance, and the extent to which sleep symptoms impacted global functioning among adolescents with sexual abuse-related PTSD...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851757/environmental-dna-from-seawater-samples-correlate-with-trawl-catches-of-subarctic-deepwater-fishes
#13
Philip Francis Thomsen, Peter Rask Møller, Eva Egelyng Sigsgaard, Steen Wilhelm Knudsen, Ole Ankjær Jørgensen, Eske Willerslev
Remote polar and deepwater fish faunas are under pressure from ongoing climate change and increasing fishing effort. However, these fish communities are difficult to monitor for logistic and financial reasons. Currently, monitoring of marine fishes largely relies on invasive techniques such as bottom trawling, and on official reporting of global catches, which can be unreliable. Thus, there is need for alternative and non-invasive techniques for qualitative and quantitative oceanic fish surveys. Here we report environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding of seawater samples from continental slope depths in Southwest Greenland...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849235/randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-nasal-intermittent-positive-pressure-ventilation-and-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-premature-infants-after-tracheal-extubation
#14
Daniela Franco Rizzo Komatsu, Edna Maria de Albuquerque Diniz, Alexandre Archanjo Ferraro, Maria Esther Jurvest Rivero Ceccon, Flávio Adolfo Costa Vaz
Objective: To analyze the frequency of extubation failure in premature infants using conventional mechanical ventilation (MV) after extubation in groups subjected to nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (nIPPV) and continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP). Method: Seventy-two premature infants with respiratory failure were studied, with a gestational age (GA) ≤ 36 weeks and birth weight (BW) > 750 g, who required tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation...
September 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849234/thyroid-abnormalities-in-term-infants-with-fungal-sepsis
#15
Maria Helena Baptista Nunes da Silva, Maria Cristina Korbage de Araujo, Edna Maria de Albuquerque Diniz, Maria Esther Jurfest Rivero Ceccon, Werther Brunow de Carvalho
Objective: To describe thyroid alterations in term newborns (TNB) with fungal sepsis during NICU hospitalization. Method: The study included six TNB that during the clinical and laboratory manifestations of sepsis with positive cultures for fungus showed changes in thyroid hormones, called low T3 syndrome and low T3-T4 syndrome. TNB that could present hormonal changes caused by disease as those born to mothers with thyroid disease, or who had perinatal asphyxia and major surgeries were excluded...
September 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849039/an-insecticide-resistance-breaking-mosquitocide-targeting-inward-rectifier-potassium-channels-in-vectors-of-zika-virus-and-malaria
#16
Daniel R Swale, Darren W Engers, Sean R Bollinger, Aaron Gross, Edna Alfaro Inocente, Emily Days, Fariba Kanga, Reed M Johnson, Liu Yang, Jeffrey R Bloomquist, Corey R Hopkins, Peter M Piermarini, Jerod S Denton
Insecticide resistance is a growing threat to mosquito control programs around the world, thus creating the need to discover novel target sites and target-specific compounds for insecticide development. Emerging evidence suggests that mosquito inward rectifier potassium (Kir) channels represent viable molecular targets for developing insecticides with new mechanisms of action. Here we describe the discovery and characterization of VU041, a submicromolar-affinity inhibitor of Anopheles (An.) gambiae and Aedes (Ae...
November 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847961/mind-the-gap-a-systematic-review-to-identify-usability-and-safety-challenges-and-practices-during-electronic-health-record-implementation
#17
Raj Ratwani, Terry Fairbanks, Erica Savage, Katie Adams, Michael Wittie, Edna Boone, Andrew Hayden, Janey Barnes, Zach Hettinger, Andrew Gettinger
OBJECTIVE: Decisions made during electronic health record (EHR) implementations profoundly affect usability and safety. This study aims to identify gaps between the current literature and key stakeholders' perceptions of usability and safety practices and the challenges encountered during the implementation of EHRs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two approaches were used: a literature review and interviews with key stakeholders. We performed a systematic review of the literature to identify usability and safety challenges and best practices during implementation...
November 16, 2016: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836744/dynamic-expression-of-genes-encoding-subunits-of-inward-rectifier-potassium-kir-channels-in-the-yellow-fever-mosquito-aedes-aegypti
#18
Zhongxia Yang, Bethanie-Michelle Statler, Travis L Calkins, Edna Alfaro, Carlos J Esquivel, Matthew F Rouhier, Jerod S Denton, Peter M Piermarini
Inward rectifier potassium (Kir) channels play fundamental roles in neuromuscular, epithelial, and endocrine function in mammals. Recent research in insects suggests that Kir channels play critical roles in the development, immune function, and excretory physiology of fruit flies and/or mosquitoes. Moreover, our group has demonstrated that mosquito Kir channels may serve as valuable targets for the development of novel insecticides. Here we characterize the molecular expression of 5 mRNAs encoding Kir channel subunits in the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti: Kir1, Kir2A-c, Kir2B, Kir2B', and Kir3...
November 9, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829086/altered-brain-activity-in-unipolar-depression-revisited-meta-analyses-of-neuroimaging-studies
#19
Veronika I Müller, Edna C Cieslik, Ilinca Serbanescu, Angela R Laird, Peter T Fox, Simon B Eickhoff
Importance: During the past 20 years, numerous neuroimaging experiments have investigated aberrant brain activation during cognitive and emotional processing in patients with unipolar depression (UD). The results of those investigations, however, vary considerably; moreover, previous meta-analyses also yielded inconsistent findings. Objective: To readdress aberrant brain activation in UD as evidenced by neuroimaging experiments on cognitive and/or emotional processing...
November 9, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828988/environmental-dna-from-residual-saliva-for-efficient-noninvasive-genetic-monitoring-of-brown-bears-ursus-arctos
#20
Rachel E Wheat, Jennifer M Allen, Sophie D L Miller, Christopher C Wilmers, Taal Levi
Noninvasive genetic sampling is an important tool in wildlife ecology and management, typically relying on hair snaring or scat sampling techniques, but hair snaring is labor and cost intensive, and scats yield relatively low quality DNA. New approaches utilizing environmental DNA (eDNA) may provide supplementary, cost-effective tools for noninvasive genetic sampling. We tested whether eDNA from residual saliva on partially-consumed Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) carcasses might yield suitable DNA quality for noninvasive monitoring of brown bears (Ursus arctos)...
2016: PloS One
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