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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141037/edna-for-detection-of-five-highly-invasive-molluscs-a-case-study-in-urban-rivers-from-the-iberian-peninsula
#1
Laura Clusa, Laura Miralles, Ana Basanta, Carmelo Escot, Eva García-Vázquez
Biological invasions are an important threat to biodiversity especially in aquatic ecosystems, and their frequency is generally higher near urban areas. Potentially invasive non-indigenous molluscs were deliberately introduced into European waters for food (Corbicula fluminea) and biocontrol (Melanoides tuberculata), and unintentionally introduced by ballast water (Mytilopsis leucophaeata, Corbicula fluminea), stock contamination (Sinanodonta woodiana), accidental escapes from aquaculture (Sinanodonta woodiana), aquarium trade releases (Melanoides tuberculata) and even attached to aquatic birds (Corbicula fluminea)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138930/identifying-a-breeding-habitat-of-a-critically-endangered-fish-acheilognathus-typus-in-a-natural-river-in-japan
#2
Masayuki K Sakata, Nobutaka Maki, Hideki Sugiyama, Toshifumi Minamoto
Freshwater biodiversity has been severely threatened in recent years, and to conserve endangered species, their distribution and breeding habitats need to be clarified. However, identifying breeding sites in a large area is generally difficult. Here, by combining the emerging environmental DNA (eDNA) analysis with subsequent traditional collection surveys, we successfully identified a breeding habitat for the critically endangered freshwater fish Acheilognathus typus in the mainstream of Omono River in Akita Prefecture, Japan, which is one of the original habitats of this species...
November 14, 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136169/disparagement-of-health-warning-labels-on-cigarette-packages-and-cessation-attempts-results-from-four-countries
#3
Amira Osman, James F Thrasher, Hua-Hie Yong, Edna Arillo-Santillán, David Hammond
Health warning labels (HWLs) on cigarette packs that use strong fear appeals may evoke defensive responses including acts of disparaging the warnings. Whether warning disparagement undermines HWL effectiveness remains unclear. We assessed correlates of one type of HWL disparagement and its association with subsequent cessation attempts. Longitudinal data (2012-14) on adult smokers from Australia, Canada, Mexico and the United States (US) were analyzed. HWL disparagement was assessed as the frequency of making fun of HWLs in the past month...
November 10, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133207/oral-hepatitis-b-vaccine-chitosan-or-glucan-based-delivery-systems-for-efficient-hbsag-immunization-following-subcutaneous-priming
#4
Edna Soares, Sandra Jesus, Olga Borges
The World Health Organization encourages "the development of oral formulations to simplify their transport, storage and administration in poor countries", and to "facilitate an effective immunization program to prevent sexually transmitted hepatitis B". Thus, two distinct and promising delivery systems were developed: recombinant hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) encapsulated into alginate-coated chitosan particles (AlgChiPs) and into glucan particles (GPs) mainly composed of β-1,3-D-glucan. In vitro preliminary studies showed that both could be internalized by peripheral blood mononuclear cells and murine Peyer's patches, an imperative aspect regarding oral immunization...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131600/environmental-dna-edna-shedding-and-decay-rates-to-model-freshwater-mussel-edna-transport-in-a-river
#5
Brandon James Sansom, Lauren M Sassoubre
Freshwater mussels are vital components of stream ecosystems, yet remain threatened. Thus timely and accurate species counts are critical for proper conservation and management. Mussels live in stream sediments and can be challenging to survey given constraints related to water depth, flow, and time of year. The use of environmental DNA (eDNA) to monitor mussel distributions and diversity is a promising tool. Before it can be used as a monitoring tool, however, we need to know how much eDNA mussels shed into their environment and how long the eDNA persists...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130757/international-barcode-of-life-focus-on-big-biodiversity-in-south-africa
#6
Sarah J Adamowicz, Peter M Hollingsworth, Sujeevan Ratnasingham, Michelle van der Bank
Participants in the 7th International Barcode of Life Conference (Kruger National Park, South Africa, 20-24 November 2017) share the latest findings in DNA barcoding research and its increasingly diversified applications. Here, we review prevailing trends synthesized from among 429 invited and contributed abstracts, which are collated in this open-access special issue of Genome. Hosted for the first time on the African continent, the 7th Conference places special emphasis on the evolutionary origins, biogeography, and conservation of African flora and fauna...
November 2017: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130719/-prevalence-of-modifiable-behavioral-risk-factors-associated-to-non-communicable-diseases-in-latin-american-college-students-a-systematic-review
#7
Luis Gabriel Rangel Caballero, Edna Magaly Gamboa Delgado, Alba Liliana Murillo López
INTRODUCTION: Physical inactivity, smoking, harmful use of alcohol and an unhealthy diet are considered by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the four main behavioral risk factors that increase the risk of suffering non-communicable diseases. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of the behavioral risk factors in college students according to the scientific database analyzed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review was carried out with 585 articles analyzed through electronic search in academic databases...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130708/-association-between-birth-weight-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-children-of-bucaramanga-colombia
#8
Edna Magaly Gamboa Delgado, Yully Andrea Rangel-Díaz, Yareni Yunuen Gutiérrez-Gómez
BACKGROUND: Birth weight could be a medium-term risk factor in the development of overweight and obesity and a long-term risk factor of cardio-metabolic diseases. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between birth weight and cardio-metabolic risk factors in children from Bucaramanga, Colombia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1,282 children between five and eleven years of age in Bucaramanga. Dependent variables: arterial hypertension, arterial prehypertension, overweight/obesity, glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128649/design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-examining-the-efficacy-and-biological-mechanisms-of-web-prolonged-exposure-and-present-centered-therapy-for-ptsd-among-active-duty-military-personnel-and-veterans
#9
Carmen P McLean, Sheila A M Rauch, Edna B Foa, Rebecca K Sripada, Hallie S Tannahill, Jim Mintz, Jeffrey Yarvis, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Katherine A Dondanville, Brittany N Hall-Clark, Brooke A Fina, Terence M Keane, Alan L Peterson
Improved accessibility of effective and efficient evidence-based treatments (EBTs) for military personnel suffering with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an urgent need to meet the growing demand for timely care. In addition, a better understanding of the mechanism of action of behavioral therapy can inform the delivery of care to meet accessibility demands. Effective EBTs for PTSD are available, but logistical and stigma-related barriers to accessing behavioral healthcare can deter military personnel from receiving these treatments...
November 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120090/ednaoccupancy-an-r-package-for-multi-scale-occupancy-modeling-of-environmental-dna-data
#10
Robert M Dorazio, Richard A Erickson
In this article we describe eDNAoccupancy, an R package for fitting Bayesian, multi-scale occupancy models. These models are appropriate for occupancy surveys that include three, nested levels of sampling: primary sample units within a study area, secondary sample units collected from each primary unit, and replicates of each secondary sample unit. This design is commonly used in occupancy surveys of environmental DNA (eDNA). eDNAoccupancy allows users to specify and fit multi-scale occupancy models with or without covariates, to estimate posterior summaries of occurrence and detection probabilities, and to compare different models using Bayesian model-selection criteria...
November 9, 2017: Molecular Ecology Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118225/activity-of-entrectinib-in-a-patient-with-the-first-reported-ntrk-fusion-in-neuroendocrine-cancer
#11
Darren Sigal, Marie Tartar, Marin Xavier, Fei Bao, Patrick Foley, David Luo, Jason Christiansen, Zachary Hornby, Edna Chow Maneval, Pratik Multani
Despite advances in genomic analysis, the molecular origin of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) is complex and poorly explained by described oncogenes. The neurotrophic TRK family, including NTRK1, 2, and 3, encode the proteins TRKA, TRKB, TRKC, respectively, involved in normal nerve development. Because NETs develop from the diffuse neuroendocrine system, we sought to determine whether NTRK alterations occur in NETs and whether TRK-targeted therapy would be effective. A patient with metastatic well-differentiated NET, likely of the small intestine, was enrolled on the STARTRK2 trial (ClinicalTrials...
November 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117632/living-quarters-of-a-living-fossil-uncovering-the-current-distribution-pattern-of-the-rediscovered-hula-painted-frog-latonia-nigriventer-using-environmental-dna
#12
Sharon Renan, Sarig Gafny, R G Bina Perl, Uri Roll, Yoram Malka, Miguel Vences, Eli Geffen
One of the greatest challenges of effective conservation measures is the correct identification of sites where rare and elusive organisms reside. The recently rediscovered Hula painted frog (Latonia nigriventer) has not been seen for many decades, and was therefore categorized extinct. Since its rediscovery in 2011, individuals from the critically endangered species have been found, with great effort, only in four restricted sites. We applied the environmental DNA (eDNA) approach to search for new populations of the Hula painted frog in suitable aquatic habitats...
November 8, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116315/-assessment-of-adherence-to-the-safe-childbirth-checklist-in-a-public-maternity-hospital-in-northeast-brazil
#13
Adriana de Oliveira Praxedes, Luciana Arrais, Maria Augusta Azevedo de Araújo, Edna Marta Mendes da Silva, Zenewton André da Silva Gama, Marise Reis de Freitas
Decreasing childbirth-related mortality is a current global health priority. The World Health Organization developed the Safe Childbirth Checklist to reduce adverse events in maternal and perinatal care, using simple and effective practices. The current study aims to evaluate adherence to the checklist by professionals in a maternity hospital in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil. The study used an observational, cross-sectional approach to evaluate all births in three months, with data collected from patient charts...
November 6, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114206/controversial-effects-of-d-amino-acid-oxidase-activator-daoa-g72-on-d-amino-acid-oxidase-dao-activity-in-human-neuronal-astrocyte-and-kidney-cell-lines-the-n-methyl-d-aspartate-nmda-receptor-hypofunction-point-of-view
#14
Vinita Jagannath, Zacharias Faidon Brotzakis, Michele Parrinello, Susanne Walitza, Edna Grünblatt
Dysfunction of D-amino acid oxidase (DAO) and DAO activator (DAOA)/G72 genes have been linked to neuropsychiatric disorders. The glutamate hypothesis of schizophrenia has proposed that increased DAO activity leads to decreased D-serine, which subsequently may lead to N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor hypofunction. It has been shown that DAOA binds to DAO and increases its activity. However, there are also studies showing DAOA decreases DAO activity. Thus, the effect of DAOA on DAO is controversial. We aimed to understand the effect of DAOA on DAO activity in neuron-like (SH-SY5Y), astrocyte-like (1321N1) and kidney-like (HEK293) human cell lines...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102815/combining-genetic-and-epigenetic-parameters-of-the-serotonin-transporter-gene-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#15
Edna Grünblatt, Zoya Marinova, Alexander Roth, Elena Gardini, Juliane Ball, Julia Geissler, Tomasz K Wojdacz, Marcel Romanos, Susanne Walitza
While genetic variants have been reported to be associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), the small effect sizes suggest that epigenetic mechanisms such as DNA methylation may also be relevant. The serotonin transporter (SLC6A4) gene has been extensively investigated in relation to OCD, since serotonin reuptake inhibitors are the pharmacological treatment of choice for the disorder. The current study set three questions: Firstly, whether the high expressing loci of the SLC6A4 polymorphisms, 5-HTTLPR + rs25531, rs25532 and rs16965628 are associated with family-based (n = 164 trios) and case-control OCD (n = 186, 152, respectively)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097989/organizing-the-confusion-surrounding-workaholism-new-structure-measure-and-validation
#16
Or Shkoler, Edna Rabenu, Cristinel Vasiliu, Gil Sharoni, Aharon Tziner
Since "workaholism" was coined, a considerable body of research was conducted to shed light on its essence. After at least 40 years of studying this important phenomenon, a large variety of definitions, conceptualizations, and measures emerged. In order to try and bring more integration and consensus to this construct, the current research was conducted in two phases. We aimed to formulate a theoretical definitional framework for workaholism, capitalizing upon the Facet Theory Approach. Two basic facets were hypothesized: A...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097054/age-albumin-enhances-abca1-degradation-by-ubiquitin-proteasome-and-lysosomal-pathways-in-macrophages
#17
Rodrigo Tallada Iborra, Adriana Machado-Lima, Ligia Shimabukuro Okuda, Paula Ramos Pinto, Edna Regina Nakandakare, Ubiratan Fabres Machado, Maria Lucia Correa-Giannella, Russell Pickford, Tom Woods, Margaret A Brimble, Kerry-Anne Rye, Rui Lu, Shinji Yokoyama, Marisa Passarelli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) induce cellular oxidative/endoplasmic reticulum stress and inflammation. We investigated its underlying mechanisms for atherogenesis focusing on regulation of ABCA1 protein decay in macrophages. METHODS: The ABCA1 decay rate was evaluated in macrophages after treatment with LXR agonist and by incubation with control (C) or AGE-albumin concomitant or not with cycloheximide, MG-132, ammonium chloride and calpain inhibitors were utilized to inhibit, respectively, proteasome, lysosome and ABCA1 proteolysis at cell surface...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096116/courage-to-care-for-our-united-states-veterans-a-constructivist-way-of-teaching-and-learning-for-future-nurses
#18
Edna R Magpantay-Monroe
The knowledge and skills in providing veteran centered care is essential. The purpose of this retrospective evaluation is to examine a faculty's reflections on a BSN psychiatric mental health curriculum initiative that provides knowledge and skills regarding veterans care through several avenues to senior nursing students. This qualitative study use self-reflections through a constructivist view of teaching and learning as the framework. Open discussions in didactic about the unique psychological health issues of veterans formed a foundational knowledge for the students...
October 20, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095959/wanted-dead-or-alive-using-metabarcoding-of-environmental-dna-and-rna-to-distinguish-living-assemblages-for-biosecurity-applications
#19
Xavier Pochon, Anastasija Zaiko, Lauren M Fletcher, Olivier Laroche, Susanna A Wood
High-throughput sequencing metabarcoding studies in marine biosecurity have largely focused on targeting environmental DNA (eDNA). DNA can persist extracellularly in the environment, making discrimination of living organisms difficult. In this study, bilge water samples (i.e., water accumulating on-board a vessel during transit) were collected from 15 small recreational and commercial vessels. eDNA and eRNA molecules were co-extracted and the V4 region of the 18S ribosomal RNA gene targeted for metabarcoding...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095426/eus-guided-choledochoduodenostomy-versus-hepaticogastrostomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Ricardo S Uemura, Muhammad Ali Khan, José P Otoch, Michel Kahaleh, Edna F Montero, Everson L A Artifon
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) has emerged as an alternative in cases of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) failure. Two types of EUS-BD methods for achieving biliary drainage when ERCP fails are choledochoduodenostomy (CDS) or hepaticogastrostomy (HGS). However, there is no consensus if one approach is better than the other. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate these 2 main EUS-BD methods...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
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