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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247163/conserved-molecular-structure-of-the-centromeric-histone-cenh3-in-secale-and-its-phylogenetic-relationships
#1
E V Evtushenko, E A Elisafenko, S S Gatzkaya, Y A Lipikhina, A Houben, A V Vershinin
It has been repeatedly demonstrated that the centromere-specific histone H3 (CENH3), a key component of the centromere, shows considerable variability between species within taxa. We determined the molecular structure and phylogenetic relationships of CENH3 in 11 Secale species and subspecies that possess distinct pollination systems and are adapted to a wide range of abiotic and biotic stresses. The rye (Secale cereale) genome encodes two paralogous CENH3 genes, which differ in intron-exon structure and are transcribed into two main forms of the protein, αCENH3 and βCENH3...
December 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134519/capability-of-secale-montanum-trusted-for-phytoremediation-of-lead-and-cadmium-in-soils-amended-with-nano-silica-and-municipal-solid-waste-compost
#2
Mehdi Moameri, Masoomeh Abbasi Khalaki
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the capability of Secale montanum trusted for phytoremediation of contaminated soils with lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd). To conduct this study, soil samples were taken from contaminated rangelands soils around National Lead & Zinc Factory, Zanjan, Iran. In this study, which was performed in a greenhouse, after preparing the pot and treating soils with nano-silica (NS) and municipal solid waste compost (MSWC) amendments, 20 Secale seeds were cultured in each pot. The translocation factor (TF), the bio-concentration factor (BCF), and remediation factor (RF) were calculated to determine the phytoremediation capability of Secale...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111244/can-conservation-tillage-reduce-n2o-emissions-on-cropland-transitioning-to-organic-vegetable-production
#3
Guihua Chen, Lauren Kolb, Michel A Cavigelli, Ray R Weil, Cerruti R R Hooks
Nitrous oxide (N2O) is an important greenhouse gas and a catalyst of stratospheric ozone decay. Agricultural soils are the source of 75% of anthropogenic N2O emissions globally. Recently, significant attention has been directed at examining effects of conservation tillage on carbon sequestration in agricultural systems. However, limited knowledge is available regarding how these practices impact N2O emissions, especially for organic vegetable production systems. In this context, a three-year study was conducted in a well-drained sandy loam field transitioning to organic vegetable production in the Mid-Atlantic coastal plain of USA to investigate impacts of conservation tillage [strip till (ST) and no-till (NT)] and conventional tillage (CT) [with black plastic mulch (CT-BP) and bare-ground (CT-BG)] on N2O emissions...
October 27, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099863/impact-of-grazing-dairy-steers-on-winter-rye-secale-cereale-versus-winter-wheat-triticum-aestivum-and-effects-on-meat-quality-fatty-acid-and-amino-acid-profiles-and-consumer-acceptability-of-organic-beef
#4
Hannah N Phillips, Bradley J Heins, Kathleen Delate, Robert Turnbull
Meat from Holstein and crossbred organic dairy steers finished on winter rye and winter wheat pastures was evaluated and compared for meat quality, fatty acid and amino acid profiles, and consumer acceptability. Two adjacent 4-ha plots were established with winter rye or winter wheat cover crops in September 2015 at the University of Minnesota West Central Research and Outreach Center (Morris, MN). During spring of 2015, 30 steers were assigned to one of three replicate breed groups at birth. Breed groups were comprised of: Holstein (HOL; n = 10), crossbreds comprised of Montbéliarde, Viking Red, and HOL (MVH; n = 10), and crossbreds comprised of Normande, Jersey, and Viking Red (NJV; n = 10)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067030/physical-location-of-new-pcr-based-markers-and-powdery-mildew-resistance-gene-s-on-rye-secale-cereale-l-chromosome-4-using-4r-dissection-lines
#5
Qiong Duan, Yang Yang Wang, Ling Qiu, Tian Heng Ren, Zhi Li, Shu Lan Fu, Zong Xiang Tang
Rye (Secale cereale L.) 4R chromosome contains elite genes that are applicable for wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivar improvement. PCR-based 4R-specific markers can benefit the detection of elite genes on 4R in wheat backgrounds. In this study, a new fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) map of the 4R(Ku) chromosome of rye Kustro has been constructed. A set of 4R(Ku) dissection lines was obtained and 301 new 4R(Ku)-specific markers were developed using specific length amplified fragment sequencing (SLAF-seq) technology...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898836/ozonolysis-of-straw-from-secale-cereale-l-for-anaerobic-digestion
#6
Jarosław Domański, Olga Marchut-Mikołajczyk, Arkadiusz Polewczyk, Bartłomiej Januszewicz
The effect of different ozonation conditions on straw from Secale cereale (rye straw) pretreatment has been investigated. Using the Taguchi method, this study analyzed the optimum conditions for pretreatment of rye straw by ozonation. After 60min of rye straw ozonation the concentration of reducing sugars (RS) and volatile fatty acid (VFA), chemical oxygen demand (COD) were 7.4, 32.3 and 11.7 times higher, respectively compared to samples raw rye straw. The most effective rye straw ozonation occurred while using the highest amount of the rye straw (15g) treated with lower ozone dose (100gO3/m(3)) in the longest period of time (60min)...
December 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683080/winter-cover-crops-on-processing-tomato-yield-quality-pest-pressure-nitrogen-availability-and-profit-margins
#7
Kimberly D Belfry, Cheryl Trueman, Richard J Vyn, Steven A Loewen, Laura L Van Eerd
Much of cover crop research to date focuses on key indicators of impact without considering the implications over multiple years, in the absence of a systems-based approach. To evaluate the effect of three years of autumn cover crops on subsequent processing tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) production in 2010 and 2011, a field split-split-plot factorial design trial with effects of cover crop type, urea ammonium nitrate fertilizer rate (0 or 140 kg N ha-1 preplant broadcast incorporated) and tomato cultivar (early vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636827/chromosome-identification-by-new-molecular-markers-and-genomic-in-situ-hybridization-in-the-triticum-secale-thinopyrum-trigeneric-hybrids
#8
Yi Dai, Yamei Duan, Dawn Chi, Huiping Liu, Shuai Huang, Wenguang Cao, Yong Gao, George Fedak, Jianmin Chen
It is very important to use chromosome-specific markers for identifying alien chromosomes in advanced generations of distant hybridization. The chromosome-specific markers of rye and Thinopyrum elongatum, as well as genomic in situ hybridization, were used to identify the alien chromosomes in eight lines that were derived from the crossing between Triticum trititrigia (AABBEE) and triticale (AABBRR). The results showed that four lines contained all rye chromosomes but no Th. elongatum chromosomes. The line RE36-1 contained all of the rye chromosomes except for chromosome 2R...
June 21, 2017: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631209/allelopathic-effects-of-exogenous-phenylalanine-a-comparison-of-four-monocot-species
#9
Barbara R Evans, Garima Bali, Art Ragauskas, Riddhi Shah, Hugh O'Neill, Cory Howard, Fayola Lavenhouse, Dawn Ramirez, Kelly Weston, Kelly Ramey, Valerie Cangemi, Brian Kinney, Claudia Partee, Teresa Ware, Brian Davison
Exogenous phenylalanine stunted annual ryegrass but not switchgrass or winter grain rye, with deuterium incorporation up to 3% from phenyalanine-d 8 . Toxicity to duckweed varied with illumination intensity and glucose uptake. Isotopic labeling of biomolecules through biosynthesis from deuterated precursors has successfully been employed for both structural studies and metabolic analysis. Phenylalanine is the precursor of many products synthesized by plants, including the monolignols used for synthesis of lignin...
June 19, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613230/oligonucleotides-and-nd-fish-displaying-different-arrangements-of-tandem-repeats-and-identification-of-dasypyrum-villosum-chromosomes-in-wheat-backgrounds
#10
Zhiqiang Xiao, Shuyao Tang, Ling Qiu, Zongxiang Tang, Shulan Fu
Oligonucleotide probes and the non-denaturing fluorescence in situ hybridization (ND-FISH) technique are widely used to analyze plant chromosomes because they are convenient tools. New oligonucleotide probes, Oligo-Ku, Oligo-3B117.1, Oligo-3B117.2, Oligo-3B117.2.1, Oligo-3B117.3, Oligo-3B117.4, Oligo-3B117.5, Oligo-3B117.6, Oligo-pTa71A-1, Oligo-pTa71A-2, Oligo-pTa71B-1, Oligo-pTa71B-2, Oligo-pTa71C-1, Oligo-pTa71C-2, Oligo-pTa71C-3 and Oligo-pTa71D were designed based on the repetitive sequences KU.D15.15, pSc119...
June 14, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592942/reaction-of-global-collection-of-rye-secale-cereale-l-to-tan-spot-and-pyrenophora-tritici-repentis-races-in-south-dakota
#11
Sidrat Abdullah, Sunish K Sehgal, Karl D Glover, Shaukat Ali
Rye (Secale cereale L.) serves as an alternative host of Pyrenophora tritici-repentis (PTR) the cause of tan spot on wheat. Rye is cultivated as a forage or cover crop and overlaps with a significant portion of wheat acreage in the U.S. northern Great Plains; however, it is not known whether the rye crop influences the evolution of PTR races. We evaluated a global collection of 211 rye accessions against tan spot and assessed the diversity in PTR population on rye in South Dakota. All the rye genotypes were inoculated with PTR races 1 and 5, and infiltrated with Ptr ToxA and Ptr ToxB, at seedling stage...
June 2017: Plant Pathology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567664/qtl-mapping-and-comparative-genome-analysis-of-agronomic-traits-including-grain-yield-in-winter-rye
#12
Bernd Hackauf, Stefan Haffke, Franz Joachim Fromme, Steffen R Roux, Barbara Kusterer, Dörthe Musmann, Andrzej Kilian, Thomas Miedaner
Genetic diversity in elite rye germplasm as well as F 2:3 testcross design enables fast QTL mapping to approach genes controlling grain yield, grain weight, tiller number and heading date in rye hybrids. Winter rye (Secale cereale L.) is a multipurpose cereal crop closely related to wheat, which offers the opportunity for a sustainable production of food and feed and which continues to emerge as a renewable energy source for the production of bioethanol and biomethane. Rye contributes to increase agricultural crop species diversity particularly in Central and Eastern Europe...
May 31, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559761/a-systematic-review-of-rye-secale-cereale-l-as-a-source-of-resistance-to-pathogens-and-pests-in-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l
#13
REVIEW
Leonardo A Crespo-Herrera, Larisa Garkava-Gustavsson, Inger Åhman
Wheat is globally one of the most important crops. With the current human population growth rate, there is an increasing need to raise wheat productivity by means of plant breeding, along with development of more efficient and sustainable agricultural systems. Damage by pathogens and pests, in combination with adverse climate effects, need to be counteracted by incorporating new germplasm that makes wheat more resistant/tolerant to such stress factors. Rye has been used as a source for improved resistance to pathogens and pests in wheat during more than 50 years...
2017: Hereditas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555151/molecular-cytogenetic-characterization-of-two-triticum-secale-thinopyrum-trigeneric-hybrids-exhibiting-superior-resistance-to-fusarium-head-blight-leaf-rust-and-stem-rust-race-ug99
#14
Yi Dai, Yamei Duan, Huiping Liu, Dawn Chi, Wenguang Cao, Allen Xue, Yong Gao, George Fedak, Jianmin Chen
Fusarium head blight (FHB), leaf rust, and stem rust are the most destructive fungal diseases in current world wheat production. The diploid wheatgrass, Thinopyrum elongatum (Host) Dewey (2n = 2x = 14, EE) is an excellent source of disease resistance genes. Two new Triticum-Secale-Thinopyrum trigeneric hybrids were derived from a cross between a hexaploid triticale (X Triticosecale Wittmack, 2n = 6x = 42, AABBRR) and a hexaploid Triticum trititrigia (2n = 6x = 42, AABBEE), were produced and analyzed using genomic in situ hybridization and molecular markers...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549717/separation-of-alk-en-ylresorcinols-from-rye-bran-with-saturated-monoenoic-dienoic-trienoic-and-hydroxylated-monoenoic-side-chains-using-an-octyl-phase-in-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-and-their-differentiation-by-tandem-mass-spectrometrie
#15
Benno F Zimmermann, Hannes Patzke, Andreas Schieber
Alkylresorcinols (ARs) occur in bran of cereals and in fruits from the Anacardiaceae family. Their separation by liquid chromatography is challenging, especially in rye (Secale cereale L.) that has a complex AR composition. An octyl phase (C8) with 1.8μm particles was used for the analysis of an acetone extract of rye bran. The ARs were detected by UV at 205 and 275nm and by MS applying selected ion monitoring (SIM) of known and hypothetical m/z values in positive and negative mode. The compounds found were subjected to product ion scans in a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504187/transoral-oropharyngeal-resection-classification-proposal-of-the-scorl-working-group
#16
David Virós Porcuna, Francisco Avilés Jurado, Carlos Pollán Guisasola, Rosa Delia Ramírez Ruiz, Jacinto García Lorenzo, Marc Tobed Secall, Isabel Vilaseca González, José Miguel Costa González, Josep Soteras Olle, Francesc Casamitjana Claramunt, Anna Sumarroca Trouboul, Rafael Hijano Esqué, Guillem Viscasillas Pallàs, Manel Mañós Pujol, Miquel Quer Agustí
INTRODUCTION AND GOALS: There has been a very significant increase in the use of minimally invasive surgery has in the last decade. In order to provide a common language after transoral surgery of the oropharynx, a system for classifying resections has been created in this area, regardless of the instrumentation used. METHODS: From the Oncology Working Group of the Catalan Society of Otorhinolaryngology, a proposal for classification based on a topographical division of the different areas of the oropharynx is presented, as also based on the invasion of the related structures according to the anatomical routes of extension of these tumours...
May 11, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482775/modelo-de-biobanco-de-tejidos-obtenidos-de-animales-de-experimentaci%C3%A3-n-con-fines-de-investigaci%C3%A3-n-biom%C3%A3-dica
#17
Grupo de Trabajo de la Secal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452203/brachypodium-distachyon-as-alternative-model-host-system-for-the-ergot-fungus-claviceps-purpurea
#18
Sabine Kind, Selma Schurack, Janine Hinsch, Paul Tudzynski
To investigate its susceptibility to ergot infection we inoculated Brachypodium distachyon with Claviceps purpurea and compared the infection symptoms to those on rye (Secale cereale). We showed that after inoculation of Brachypodium with Claviceps the same disease symptoms occurred in comparable temporal and spatial patterns as on rye. The infection rate of Claviceps on this host is reduced compared to rye, but the disease can be surveyed by fungal gDNA quantification. Mutants of Claviceps which are virulence-attenuated on rye were also affected on Brachypodium...
April 27, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424873/the-changes-in-the-reproductive-barrier-between-hexaploid-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l-and-rye-secale-cereale-l-different-states-lead-to-different-fates
#19
Natalia Tikhenko, Twan Rutten, Angelika Senula, Myroslava Rubtsova, E R Joachim Keller, Andreas Börner
The changes in the reproductive barrier between hexaploid wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.) and rye ( Secale cereale L.) can be induced using in situ embryo rescue of abnormal embryos, yielding stable fertile amphidiploid plants. In intergeneric crosses between hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and rye (Secale cereale L.), postzygotic barriers may occur at different stages of hybrid development. One such mechanism is embryo lethality, which is genetically determined by the interaction and expression of two incompatible genes in wheat (Eml-A1) and rye (Eml-R1)...
April 19, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402035/screening-and-investigation-lactobacillius-spp-to-improve-secale-cereale-silage-quality
#20
Hye Sun Kim, Ouk Kyu Han, Sam Churl Kim, Min Jung Kim, Youn-Sig Kwak
Silage is a high-moisture-content forage that is used to feed livestock. Using silage as feed is economically feasible and suitable for cattle management. Secale cereale is considered as a high-quality forage plant. After the heading stage the biomass of S. cereale increases by up to 30%; however, lignification in the cell wall causes low fermentation efficiency and coefficient digestibility, and it may also be contaminated by mycotoxin-producing fungi and can impair the quality of the silage. Therefore, the aim of this study was to screen beneficial Lactobacillius spp...
April 12, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
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