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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504187/transoral-oropharyngeal-resection-classification-proposal-of-the-scorl-working-group
#1
David Virós Porcuna, Francisco Avilés Jurado, Carlos Pollán Guisasola, Rosa Delia Ramírez Ruiz, Jacinto García Lorenzo, Marc Tobed Secall, Isabel Vilaseca González, José Miguel Costa González, Josep Soteras Olle, Francesc Casamitjana Claramunt, Anna Sumarroca Trouboul, Rafael Hijano Esqué, Guillem Viscasillas Pallàs, Manel Mañós Pujol, Miquel Quer Agustí
INTRODUCTION AND GOALS: There has been a very significant increase in the use of minimally invasive surgery has in the last decade. In order to provide a common language after transoral surgery of the oropharynx, a system for classifying resections has been created in this area, regardless of the instrumentation used. METHODS: From the Oncology Working Group of the Catalan Society of Otorhinolaryngology, a proposal for classification based on a topographical division of the different areas of the oropharynx is presented, as also based on the invasion of the related structures according to the anatomical routes of extension of these tumours...
May 11, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482775/modelo-de-biobanco-de-tejidos-obtenidos-de-animales-de-experimentaci%C3%A3-n-con-fines-de-investigaci%C3%A3-n-biom%C3%A3-dica
#2
Grupo de Trabajo de la Secal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452203/brachypodium-distachyon-as-alternative-model-host-system-for-the-ergot-fungus-claviceps-purpurea
#3
Sabine Kind, Selma Schurack, Janine Hinsch, Paul Tudzynski
To investigate its susceptibility to ergot infection we inoculated Brachypodium distachyon with Claviceps purpurea and compared the infection symptoms to those on rye (Secale cereale). We showed that after inoculation of Brachypodium with Claviceps the same disease symptoms occurred in comparable temporal and spatial patterns as on rye. The infection rate of Claviceps on this host is reduced compared to rye, but the disease can be surveyed by fungal gDNA quantification. Mutants of Claviceps which are virulence-attenuated on rye were also affected on Brachypodium...
April 27, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424873/the-changes-in-the-reproductive-barrier-between-hexaploid-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l-and-rye-secale-cereale-l-different-states-lead-to-different-fates
#4
Natalia Tikhenko, Twan Rutten, Angelika Senula, Myroslava Rubtsova, E R Joachim Keller, Andreas Börner
The changes in the reproductive barrier between hexaploid wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.) and rye ( Secale cereale L.) can be induced using in situ embryo rescue of abnormal embryos, yielding stable fertile amphidiploid plants. In intergeneric crosses between hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and rye (Secale cereale L.), postzygotic barriers may occur at different stages of hybrid development. One such mechanism is embryo lethality, which is genetically determined by the interaction and expression of two incompatible genes in wheat (Eml-A1) and rye (Eml-R1)...
April 19, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402035/screening-and-investigation-lactobacillius-spp-to-improve-secale-cereale-silage-quality
#5
Hye Sun Kim, Ouk Kyu Han, Sam Churl Kim, Min Jung Kim, Youn-Sig Kwak
Silage is a high-moisture-content forage that is used to feed livestock. Using silage as feed is economically feasible and suitable for cattle management. Secale cereale is considered as a high-quality forage plant. After the heading stage the biomass of S. cereale increases by up to 30%; however, lignification in the cell wall causes low fermentation efficiency and coefficient digestibility, and it may also be contaminated by mycotoxin-producing fungi and can impair the quality of the silage. Therefore, the aim of this study was to screen beneficial Lactobacillius spp...
April 12, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396677/gametocidal-factor-transferred-from-aegilops-geniculata-roth-can-be-adapted-for-large-scale-chromosome-manipulations-in-cereals
#6
Michał T Kwiatek, Halina Wiśniewska, Aurelia Ślusarkiewicz-Jarzina, Joanna Majka, Maciej Majka, Jolanta Belter, Hanna Pudelska
Segregation distorters are curious, evolutionarily selfish genetic elements, which distort Mendelian segregation in their favor at the expense of others. Those agents include gametocidal factors (Gc), which ensure their preferential transmission by triggering damages in cells lacking them via chromosome break induction. Hence, we hypothesized that the gametocidal system can be adapted for chromosome manipulations between Triticum and Secale chromosomes in hexaploid triticale (×Triticosecale Wittmack). In this work we studied the little-known gametocidal action of a Gc factor located on Aegilops geniculata Roth chromosome 4M(g)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378978/poaceae-secale-spp-and-artemisia-spp-pollen-in-the-air-at-two-sites-of-different-degrees-of-urbanisation
#7
Aleksandra Kruczek, Małgorzata Puc, Tomasz Wolski
INTRODUCTION: Among herbal plants, most cases of allergic reactions, like seasonal inflammation of nasal mucosa, conjunctivitis and pollen asthma, are related to the allergens from grass pollen. As the blossoming and pollination of rye is known to start the pollen season of grasses, information about the airborne rye pollen count permits alerting the people allergic to certain allergens contained in rye pollen. An important cause of allergy is also the pollen from wormwood, blossoming in late summer, as its two main allergens produce cross-reactions with many other plant allergens...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377777/dissecting-the-genetic-basis-for-seed-coat-mucilage-heteroxylan-biosynthesis-in-plantago-ovata-using-gamma-irradiation-and-infrared-spectroscopy
#8
Matthew R Tucker, Chao Ma, Jana Phan, Kylie Neumann, Neil J Shirley, Michael G Hahn, Daniel Cozzolino, Rachel A Burton
Seeds from the myxospermous species Plantago ovata release a polysaccharide-rich mucilage upon contact with water. This seed coat derived mucilage is composed predominantly of heteroxylan (HX) and is utilized as a gluten-free dietary fiber supplement to promote human colorectal health. In this study, a gamma-irradiated P. ovata population was generated and screened using histological stains and Fourier Transform Mid Infrared (FTMIR) spectroscopy to identify putative mutants showing defects in seed coat mucilage HX composition and/or structure...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372538/cross-talk-of-the-biotrophic-pathogen-claviceps-purpurea-and-its-host-secale-cereale
#9
Birgitt Oeser, Sabine Kind, Selma Schurack, Thomas Schmutzer, Paul Tudzynski, Janine Hinsch
BACKGROUND: The economically important Ergot fungus Claviceps purpurea is an interesting biotrophic model system because of its strict organ specificity (grass ovaries) and the lack of any detectable plant defense reactions. Though several virulence factors were identified, the exact infection mechanisms are unknown, e.g. how the fungus masks its attack and if the host detects the infection at all. RESULTS: We present a first dual transcriptome analysis using an RNA-Seq approach...
April 4, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370649/minimally-invasive-wire-guided-balloon-catheter-puncture-for-voice-prosthesis-insertion
#10
Marc Tobed Secall, Toni Bores, Ignacio Sambola, Joan Lop, Eduardo García Rica, Jordi Lluansi
BACKGROUND: Tracheoesophageal puncture is an effective and reliable method for voice restoration after total laryngectomy that may be performed as a primary or secondary procedure. METHODS: We describe our technique for secondary tracheoesophageal puncture using a wire-guided balloon catheter in an office setting. A 72-year-old patient with a total laryngectomy performed 2 years ago was selected for wire-guided balloon catheter puncture and voice prosthesis insertion...
April 3, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337069/detection-of-alien-genetic-introgressions-in-bread-wheat-using-dot-blot-genomic-hybridisation
#11
María-Dolores Rey, Pilar Prieto
Simple, reliable methods for the identification of alien genetic introgressions are required in plant breeding programmes. The use of genomic dot-blot hybridisation allows the detection of small Hordeum chilense genomic introgressions in the descendants of genetic crosses between wheat and H. chilense addition or substitution lines in wheat when molecular markers are difficult to use. Based on genomic in situ hybridisation, DNA samples from wheat lines carrying putatively H. chilense introgressions were immobilised on a membrane, blocked with wheat genomic DNA and hybridised with biotin-labelled H...
2017: Molecular Breeding: New Strategies in Plant Improvement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332934/vii-jornada-cient%C3%A3-fica-secal-7th-secal-scientific-meeting
#12
David Muñoz Valverde, Clara Muñoz Mediavilla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315925/fine-mapping-of-the-restorer-gene-rfp3-from-an-iranian-primitive-rye-secale-cereale-l
#13
Bernd Hackauf, Eva Bauer, Viktor Korzun, Thomas Miedaner
A comparative genetics approach allowed to precisely determine the map position of the restorer gene Rfp3 in rye and revealed that Rfp3 and the restorer gene Rfm1 in barley reside at different positions in a syntenic 4RL/6HS segment. Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) is a reliable and striking genetic mechanism for hybrid seed production. Breeding of CMS-based hybrids in cereals requires the use of effective restorer genes as an indispensable pre-requisite. We report on the fine mapping of a restorer gene for the Pampa cytoplasm in winter rye that has been tapped from the Iranian primitive rye population Altevogt 14160...
March 18, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279523/phytotoxic-phenylpropanoids-isolated-from-ophryosporus-charua-griseb-hieron
#14
Margarita M Del M Bravetti, Raquel V Vico, Maria C Carpinella, Carlos C Ferrayoli, Sara M Palacios
Bioguided isolation of the EtOH extract from the medicinal native plant, Ophryosporus charua, against Raphanus sativus, yielded three phenylpropanoids, charuol A [(Z)-4-((1S,2R)-3-acetoxy-1,2-dihydroxypropyl)phenyl) 2-methylbut-2-enoate], charuepoxide [(Z)-4-((2S,3R)-3-(acetoxymethyl oxiran-2-yl)phenyl) 2-methylbut-2-enoate] and charuol B [(Z)-4-((1R,2R)-3-acetoxy-1,2-dihydroxypropyl)phenyl) 2-methylbut-2-enoate]. Their structures and absolute configuration were established by extensive spectroscopic analyses...
June 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278512/targeted-segment-transfer-from-rye-chromosome-2r-to-wheat-chromosomes-2a-2b-and-7b
#15
Tianheng Ren, Zhi Li, Benju Yan, Feiquan Tan, Zongxiang Tang, Shulan Fu, Manyu Yang, Zhenglong Ren
Increased chromosome instability was induced by a rye (Secale cereale L.) monosomic 2R chromosome into wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Centromere breakage and telomere dysfunction result in high rates of chromosome aberrations, including breakages, fissions, fusions, deletions, and translocations. Plants with target traits were sequentially selected to produce a breeding population, from which 3 translocation lines with target traits have been selected. In these lines, wheat chromosomes 2A, 2B, and 7B recombined with segments of the rye chromosome arm 2RL...
2017: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258493/introduction-of-thinopyrum-intermedium-ssp-trichophorum-chromosomes-to-wheat-by-trigeneric-hybridization-involving-triticum-secale-and-thinopyrum-genera
#16
Jianbo Li, Tao Lang, Bin Li, Zhihui Yu, Hongjin Wang, Guangrong Li, Ennian Yang, Zujun Yang
Fluorescence in situ hybridization and molecular markers have confirmed that several chromosomes from Thinopyrum intermedium ssp. trichophorum have been added to a wheat background, which originated from a cross between a wheat- Thinopyrum partial amphiploid and triticale. The lines displayed blue grains and resistance to wheat stripe rust. Thinopyrum intermedium has been used as a valuable resource for improving the disease resistance and yield potential of wheat. With the aim to transfer novel genetic variation from Th...
March 3, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248976/residual-soil-nitrate-content-and-profitability-of-five-cropping-systems-in-northwest-iowa
#17
Robert L De Haan, Matthew A Schuiteman, Ronald J Vos
Many communities in the Midwestern United States obtain their drinking water from shallow alluvial wells that are vulnerable to contamination by NO3-N from the surrounding agricultural landscape. The objective of this research was to assess cropping systems with the potential to produce a reasonable return for farmers while simultaneously reducing the risk of NO3-N movement into these shallow aquifers. From 2009 to 2013 we conducted a field experiment in northwest Iowa in which we evaluated five cropping systems for residual (late fall) soil NO3-N content and profitability...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150529/free-asparagine-and-sugars-profile-of-cereal-species-the-potential-of-cereals-for-acrylamide-formation-in-foods
#18
Slađana Žilić, Dejan Dodig, Zorica Basić, Jelena Vančetović, Primož Titan, Nenad Đurić, Nataša Tolimir
Cereals based food is one of the major source of Maillard reaction products in the diet. Free amino acids and reducing sugars are considered to be the main precursors in the formation of these heat-induced compounds. In order to determine genetic resources with reduced potential for acrylamide formation, the content of sugars, as well as free asparagine were analyzed in a total of 30 cultivars of 10 varieties belonging to eight species (Triticum aestivum var. lutescens, T. aestivum var. alba, T. aestivum var...
February 2, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149679/the-dna-methylation-level-against-the-background-of-the-genome-size-and-t-heterochromatin-content-in-some-species-of-the-genus-secale-l
#19
Anna Kalinka, Magdalena Achrem, Paulina Poter
Methylation of cytosine in DNA is one of the most important epigenetic modifications in eukaryotes and plays a crucial role in the regulation of gene activity and the maintenance of genomic integrity. DNA methylation and other epigenetic mechanisms affect the development, differentiation or the response of plants to biotic and abiotic stress. This study compared the level of methylation of cytosines on a global (ELISA) and genomic scale (MSAP) between the species of the genus Secale. We analyzed whether the interspecific variation of cytosine methylation was associated with the size of the genome (C-value) and the content of telomeric heterochromatin...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145819/xiv-congreso-nacional-de-secal-las-palmas-de-gran-canaria-islas-canarias-espa%C3%A3-a-junio-2017
#20
José Luis Martín-Barrasa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Laboratory Animals
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