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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640858/early-growth-stages-salinity-stress-tolerance-in-cm72-x-gairdner-doubled-haploid-barley-population
#1
Tefera Tolera Angessa, Xiao-Qi Zhang, Gaofeng Zhou, Sue Broughton, Wenying Zhang, Chengdao Li
A doubled haploid (DH) population of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) generated from salinity tolerant genotype CM72 and salinity sensitive variety Gairdner was studied for salinity stress tolerance at germination, seedling emergence and first leaf full expansion growth stages. Germination study was conducted with deionized water, 150 mM and 300 mM NaCl treatments. Seedling stage salinity tolerance was conducted with three treatments: control, 150 mM NaCl added at seedling emergence and first leaf full expansion growth stages...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626638/transcriptome-of-barley-under-three-different-heavy-metal-stress-reaction
#2
Martina Kintlová, Nicolas Blavet, Radim Cegan, Roman Hobza
In the present study, we used Illumina sequencing technology (HiSeq 2000) to sequence the transcriptome of barley (Hordeum vulgare L., cv. Morex) under three different heavy metal stress conditions: copper, zinc and cadmium. For each of those metals, the concentration causing a 50% inhibitory effect for root growth (EC50) was determined. We sequenced the total RNA of both roots and shoots from barley with and without heavy metal treatments in three replicates. Raw reads of the transcriptome project have been deposited in NCBI's BioProject accession number PRJNA382490...
September 2017: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613230/oligonucleotides-and-nd-fish-displaying-different-arrangements-of-tandem-repeats-and-identification-of-dasypyrum-villosum-chromosomes-in-wheat-backgrounds
#3
Zhiqiang Xiao, Shuyao Tang, Ling Qiu, Zongxiang Tang, Shulan Fu
Oligonucleotide probes and the non-denaturing fluorescence in situ hybridization (ND-FISH) technique are widely used to analyze plant chromosomes because they are convenient tools. New oligonucleotide probes, Oligo-Ku, Oligo-3B117.1, Oligo-3B117.2, Oligo-3B117.2.1, Oligo-3B117.3, Oligo-3B117.4, Oligo-3B117.5, Oligo-3B117.6, Oligo-pTa71A-1, Oligo-pTa71A-2, Oligo-pTa71B-1, Oligo-pTa71B-2, Oligo-pTa71C-1, Oligo-pTa71C-2, Oligo-pTa71C-3 and Oligo-pTa71D were designed based on the repetitive sequences KU.D15.15, pSc119...
June 14, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601019/endopolyploidy-levels-in-barley-vary-in-different-root-types-and-significantly-decrease-under-phosphorus-deficiency
#4
Zhanghui Zeng, Huahong Huang, Ning Han, Chun Y Huang, Peter Langridge, Hongwu Bian, Muyuan Zhu
Increased endopolyploidy is important for plant growth and development as well as for adaptation to environmental stresses. However, little is known about the role of reduced endopolyploidy, especially in root systems. In this report, endopolyploidy variations were examined in different types of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) roots, and the effects of phosphorus (P) deficiency and salinity (NaCl) stress on root endopolyploidy were also studied. The results showed that the endopolyploidy levels were lower in lateral roots than in either primary or nodal roots...
June 5, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593501/drying-or-anaerobic-digestion-of-fish-sludge-nitrogen-fertilisation-effects-and-logistics
#5
Eva Brod, Johan Oppen, Annbjørg Øverli Kristoffersen, Trond Knapp Haraldsen, Tore Krogstad
Application of fish sludge as fertiliser to agricultural land can contribute to closing nutrient cycles in fish farming. The effect of different treatment technologies on the nitrogen fertilisation effects of fish sludge was studied by a bioassay with barley (Hordeum vulgare), an incubation and a field experiment. Dried fish sludge resulted in relative agronomic efficiency of 50-80% compared with mineral fertiliser. The anaerobic digestate based on fish sludge (20 vol%) and dairy manure did not increase nitrogen uptake in barley...
June 7, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592798/fate-of-neutral-charged-gold-nanoparticles-in-the-roots-of-the-hordeum-vulgare-l-cultivar-karat
#6
Anna Milewska-Hendel, Maciej Zubko, Jagna Karcz, Danuta Stróż, Ewa Kurczyńska
Nanoparticles (NPs) have a significant impact on the environment and living organisms. The influence of NPs on plants is intensively studied and most of the data indicate that NPs can penetrate into plants. The studies presented here were performed on the roots of Hordeum vulgare L. seedlings using neutral-charge gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) of different sizes. In contrast to the majority of the published data, the results presented here showed that during the culture period, AuNPs: 1/did not enter the root regardless of their size and concentration, 2/that are applied directly into the cells of a root do not move into neighbouring cells...
June 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588394/the-two-row-malting-barley-cultivar-new-sachiho-golden-with-null-lipoxygenase-1-improves-flavor-stability-in-beer-and-was-developed-by-marker-assisted-selection
#7
Mika Oozeki, Toshinori Sotome, Naoto Haruyama, Masahiro Yamaguchi, Hirohisa Watanabe, Takeshi Okiyama, Tsuneo Kato, Toshiyuki Takayama, Makoto Oyama, Takashi Nagamine, Yasuo Suzuki, Takako Toyoshima, Takahiro Sekiwa, Kaori Oono, Tetsuya Saito, Masao Usui, Shin Arai, Terunobu Kumekawa, Emiko Suzuki, Kaori Shirama, Makoto Kihara, Takehiro Hoki, Hideki Matsubara, Ryo Ohsawa
Lipoxygenase-1 (LOX-1) null 'New Sachiho Golden' is a two-row malting barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cultivar released in 2015 that was developed at the Tochigi Prefectural Agricultural Experimental Station by backcross breeding using the high-yield leading cultivar 'Sachiho Golden' as a recurrent parent and the LOX-1 null mutant 'Daikei LM1' as a non-recurrent parent. To develop 'New Sachiho Golden' we used a simple LOX activity assay and marker-assisted selection. This is the first LOX-1 null malting barley cultivar in Japan that is resistant to barley yellow mosaic virus (types I-III)...
March 2017: Breeding Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584641/barley-grass-extract-causes-apoptosis-of-cancer-cells-by-increasing-intracellular-reactive-oxygen-species-production
#8
Sang Mi Woo, Sang-Chul Kwon, Seong Gyu Ko, Sung-Gook Cho
Cancer remains a leading cause of mortality worldwide, therefore food products are being investigated for potential prevention or treatment strategies. The ingredient, barley grass extract (Hordeum vulgare L.; Bex) is used to prevent or ameliorate various types of disease. In cancer, Bex has been revealed to inhibit tumor growth. However, its effect on cancer cells is yet to be clearly defined. In the present study, the effect of Bex on cancer cell growth was investigated. Bex inhibited the viabilities of breast and prostate cancer cells according to the results of MTT assays...
June 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559904/genetic-architecture-of-anther-extrusion-in-spring-and-winter-wheat
#9
Quddoos H Muqaddasi, Jonathan Brassac, Andreas Börner, Klaus Pillen, Marion S Röder
Hybrid wheat breeding is gaining prominence worldwide because it ensures higher and more static yield than conventionally bred varieties. The cleistogamous floral architecture of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) impedes anthers inside the floret, making it largely an inbreeder. For hybrid seed production, high anther extrusion is needed to promote cross pollination and to ensure a high level of pollen availability for the seed plant. This study, therefore, aimed at the genetic dissection of anther extrusion (AE) in panels of spring (SP), and winter wheat (WP) accessions by genome wide association studies (GWAS)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559902/a-spectrophotometric-assay-for-robust-viability-testing-of-seed-batches-using-2-3-5-triphenyl-tetrazolium-chloride-using-hordeum-vulgare-l-as-a-model
#10
Laura Lopez Del Egido, David Navarro-Miró, Victor Martinez-Heredia, Peter E Toorop, Pietro P M Iannetta
A comparative analysis was carried out of published methods to assess seed viability using 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) based assays of seed batches. The tests were carried out on seeds of barley (Hordeum vulgare cv. Optic) as a model. We established that 10% [w/v] trichloroacetic acid (TCA)/methanol is superior to the acetone and methanol-only based methods: allowing the highest recovery of formazan and the lowest background optical density (OD) readings, across seed lots comprising different ratios of viable and dead seeds...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559882/bacterial-root-microbiome-of-plants-growing-in-oil-sands-reclamation-covers
#11
Eduardo K Mitter, J Renato de Freitas, James J Germida
Oil sands mining in northern Alberta impacts a large footprint, but the industry is committed to reclaim all disturbed land to an ecologically healthy state in response to environmental regulations. However, these newly reconstructed landscapes may be limited by several factors that include low soil nutrient levels and reduced microbial activity. Rhizosphere microorganisms colonize plant roots providing hosts with nutrients, stimulating growth, suppressing disease and increasing tolerance to abiotic stress...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559731/developing-a-molecular-identification-assay-of-old-landraces-for-the-genetic-authentication-of-typical-agro-food-products-the-case-study-of-the-barley-agordino
#12
Fabio Palumbo, Giulio Galla, Gianni Barcaccia
The orzo Agordino is a very old local variety of domesticated barley (Hordeum vulgare ssp. distichum L.) that is native to the Agordo District, Province of Belluno, and is widespread in the Veneto Region, Italy. Seeds of this landrace are widely used for the preparation of very famous dishes of the dolomitic culinary tradition such as barley soup, bakery products and local beer. Understanding the genetic diversity and identity of the Agordino barley landrace is a key step to establish conservation and valorisation strategies of this local variety and also to provide molecular traceability tools useful to ascertain the authenticity of its derivatives...
March 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545210/response-of-microcystis-aeruginosa-bccusp-232-to-barley-hordeum-vulgare-l-straw-degradation-extract-and-fractions
#13
Gustavo Franciscatti Mecina, Anne Lígia Dokkedal, Luiz Leonardo Saldanha, Mathias Ahii Chia, Micheline Kézia Cordeiro-Araújo, Maria do Carmo Bittencourt-Oliveira, Regildo Márcio Gonçalves da Silva
The eutrophication of aquatic ecosystems is a serious environmental problem that leads to increased frequency of cyanobacterial blooms and concentrations of cyanotoxins. These changes in aquatic chemistry can negatively affect animal and human health. Environment-friendly methods are needed to control bloom forming cyanobacteria. We investigated the effect of Hordeum vulgare L. (barley) straw degradation extract and its fractions on the growth, oxidative stress, antioxidant enzyme activities, and microcystins content of Microcystis aeruginosa (Kützing) Kützing BCCUSP232...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542571/quantitative-trait-loci-for-yield-and-grain-plumpness-relative-to-maturity-in-three-populations-of-barley-hordeum-vulgare-l-grown-in-a-low-rain-fall-environment
#14
Bulti Tesso Obsa, Jason Eglinton, Stewart Coventry, Timothy March, Maxime Guillaume, Thanh Phuoc Le, Matthew Hayden, Peter Langridge, Delphine Fleury
Identifying yield and grain plumpness QTL that are independent of developmental variation or phenology is of paramount importance for developing widely adapted and stable varieties through the application of marker assisted selection. The current study was designed to dissect the genetic basis of yield performance and grain plumpness in southern Australia using three doubled haploid (DH) populations developed from crosses between adapted parents that are similar in maturity and overall plant development. Three interconnected genetic populations, Commander x Fleet (CF), Commander x WI4304 (CW), and Fleet x WI4304 (FW) developed from crossing of Australian elite barley genotypes, were used to map QTL controlling yield and grain plumpness...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539730/near-infrared-spectroscopy-as-a-process-analytical-technology-tool-for-monitoring-the-parching-process-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-based-on-two-kinds-of-chemical-indicators
#15
Kaiyue Li, Weiying Wang, Yanping Liu, Su Jiang, Guo Huang, Liming Ye
BACKGROUND: The active ingredients and thus pharmacological efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) at different degrees of parching process vary greatly. OBJECTIVE: Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR) was used to develop a new method for rapid online analysis of TCM parching process, using two kinds of chemical indicators (5-(hydroxymethyl) furfural [5-HMF] content and 420 nm absorbance) as reference values which were obviously observed and changed in most TCM parching process...
April 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535420/evolutionary-changes-in-defensive-specialized-metabolism-in-the-genus-hordeum
#16
Naoki Ube, Miho Nishizaka, Tsuyoshi Ichiyanagi, Kotomi Ueno, Shin Taketa, Atsushi Ishihara
Plants have developed defensive specialized metabolites over the course of evolution. In the genus Hordeum, which includes the important cereal crop barley, specialized metabolites such as hordatines, benzoxazinones, and gramine have been identified. Hordeum species are classified into four clades, H, Xu, Xa, and I. The presence or absence of defensive specialized metabolites was analyzed in representative Hordeum species that included all of the four clades. In the H clade, Hordeum vulgare accumulated hordatines but not benzoxazinones, whereas H...
May 20, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534096/genomic-prediction-ability-for-yield-related-traits-in-german-winter-barley-elite-material
#17
Patrick Thorwarth, Jutta Ahlemeyer, Anne-Marie Bochard, Kerstin Krumnacker, Hubert Blümel, Eberhard Laubach, Nadine Knöchel, László Cselényi, Frank Ordon, Karl J Schmid
Genomic prediction was evaluated in German winter barley breeding lines. In this material, prediction ability is strongly influenced by population structure and main determinant of prediction ability is the close genetic relatedness of the breeding material. To ensure breeding progress under changing environmental conditions the implementation and evaluation of new breeding methods is of crucial importance. Modern breeding approaches like genomic selection may significantly accelerate breeding progress. We assessed the potential of genomic prediction in a training population of 750 genotypes, consisting of multiple six-rowed winter barley (Hordeum vulgare L...
May 22, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531314/the-solanum-tuberosum-kst1-partial-promoter-as-a-tool-for-guard-cell-expression-in-multiple-plant-species
#18
Gilor Kelly, Nitsan Lugassi, Eduard Belausov, Dalia Wolf, Belal Khamaisi, Danja Brandsma, Jayaram Kottapalli, Lena Fidel, Batsheva Ben-Zvi, Aiman Egbaria, Atiako Kwame Acheampong, Chuanlin Zheng, Etti Or, Assaf Distelfeld, Rakefet David-Schwartz, Nir Carmi, David Granot
To date, guard cell promoters have been examined in only a few species, primarily annual dicots. A partial segment of the potato (Solanum tuberosum) KST1 promoter (KST1 partial promoter, KST1ppro) has previously been shown to confer guard cell expression in potato, tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), citrus [Troyer citrange (C. sinensis×Poncirus trifoliata)], and Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). Here, we describe an extensive analysis of the expression pattern of KST1ppro in eight (previously reported, as well as new) species from five different angiosperm families, including the Solanaceae and the Cucurbitaceae, Arabidopsis, the monocot barley (Hordeum vulgare), and two perennial species: grapevine (Vitis vinifera) and citrus...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527413/monochromatic-green-light-induces-an-aberrant-accumulation-of-geranylgeranyled-chlorophylls-in-plants
#19
Zuzana Materová, Roman Sobotka, Barbora Zdvihalová, Michal Oravec, Jakub Nezval, Václav Karlický, Daniel Vrábl, Michal Štroch, Vladimír Špunda
Light quality is an important environmental factor affecting the biosynthesis of photosynthetic pigments whose production seems to be affected not only quantitatively but also qualitatively. In this work, we set out to identify unusual pigment detected in leaves of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and explain its presence in plants grown under monochromatic green light (GL; 500-590 nm). The chromatographic analysis (HPLC-DAD) revealed that a peak belonging to this unknown pigment is eluted between chlorophyll (Chl) a and b...
May 6, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511473/phytotherapy-with-hordeum-vulgare-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-infants-with-jaundice
#20
Gholamreza Panahandeh, Abolfazl Khoshdel, Morteza Sedehi, Azam Aliakbari
INTRODUCTION: Jaundice is one of the most common causes of admission to hospital in newborns which is often associated with several complications. AIM: The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of H. vulgare in reducing jaundice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this double-blind, randomized controlled trials 70 term infants hospitalized due to jaundice in 2014 were enrolled. Control group was treated with full-time phototherapy alone using LED except when the infants were breastfed and case group with phototherapy, as per the protocol in the control group, along with and topical H...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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