keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Triticum

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340469/characterization-and-expression-patterns-of-key-c4-photosynthetic-pathway-genes-in-bread-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l-under-field-conditions
#1
Daoura Goudia Bachir, Iqbal Saeed, Quanhao Song, Tay Zar Linn, Liang Chen, Yin-Gang Hu
Wheat is a C3 plant with relatively low photosynthetic efficiency and is a potential target for C4 photosynthetic pathway engineering. Here we reported the characterization of four key C4 pathway genes and assessed their expression patterns and enzymatic activities at three growth stages in flag leaves of 59 bread wheat genotypes. The C4-like genes homologous to PEPC, NADP-ME, MDH, and PPDK in maize were identified in the A, B, and D sub-genomes of bread wheat, located on the long arms of chromosomes 3 and 5 (TaPEPC), short arms of chromosomes 1 and 3 (TaNADP-ME), long arms of chromosomes 1 and 7 (TaMDH), and long arms of chromosome 1 (TaPPDK), respectively...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340454/pea-cultivar-and-wheat-residues-affect-carbon-nitrogen-dynamics-in-pea-triticale-intercropping-a-microcosms-approach
#2
Antonella Scalise, Valentini A Pappa, Antonio Gelsomino, Robert M Rees
The underlying mechanisms by which legume cultivars contribute to nitrous oxide (N2O) generation are poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to explore the effects of two pea cultivars (Zero4 and Nitouche) intercropped with triticale, with or without wheat (Triticum aestivum) residues incorporation, on soil C and N dynamics, on bacterial community structure and their links with N2O emissions. Monocrops and bare soil (no plant) treatments were used as an additional control in order to account for the level of mineralisation between treatments...
March 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338213/biochemical-model-of-c3-photosynthesis-applied-to-wheat-at-different-temperatures
#3
Viridiana Silva-Pérez, Robert T Furbank, Anthony G Condon, John R Evans
We examined the effects of leaf temperature on the estimation of maximal Rubisco capacity (Vcmax ) from gas exchange measurements of wheat leaves using a C3 photosynthesis model. Cultivars of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum (L)) and triticale (x Triticosecale Wittmack) were grown in a greenhouse or in the field and measured at a range of temperatures under controlled conditions in a growth cabinet (2 and 21 % O2 ) or in the field using natural diurnal variation in temperature, respectively. Published Rubisco kinetic constants for tobacco did not describe the observed CO2 response curves well as temperature varied...
March 24, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337210/assessing-wheat-traits-by-spectral-reflectance-do-we-really-need-to-focus-on-predicted-trait-values-or-directly-identify-the-elite-genotypes-group
#4
Miguel Garriga, Sebastián Romero-Bravo, Félix Estrada, Alejandro Escobar, Iván A Matus, Alejandro Del Pozo, Cesar A Astudillo, Gustavo A Lobos
Phenotyping, via remote and proximal sensing techniques, of the agronomic and physiological traits associated with yield potential and drought adaptation could contribute to improvements in breeding programs. In the present study, 384 genotypes of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) were tested under fully irrigated (FI) and water stress (WS) conditions. The following traits were evaluated and assessed via spectral reflectance: Grain yield (GY), spikes per square meter (SM2), kernels per spike (KPS), thousand-kernel weight (TKW), chlorophyll content (SPAD), stem water soluble carbohydrate concentration and content (WSC and WSCC, respectively), carbon isotope discrimination (Δ(13)C), and leaf area index (LAI)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334389/profiling-diuraphis-noxia-hemiptera-aphididae-transcript-expression-of-the-biotypes-sa1-and-sam-feeding-on-various-triticum-aestivum-varieties
#5
N F V Burger, E Venter, A-M Botha
The intimate relationship between an aphid and its host is mediated by the composition of the secreted saliva. In the present study, aphid heads were sampled and transcript profiling conducted after aphids were fed on their preference host and transferred to a variety of preference and nonpreference hosts. It was found that the virulent Diuraphis noxia (Kurdjumov) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) biotype SAM was able to selectively up-regulate more transcripts when confronted with feeding on a variety of hosts, than was the case with the less virulent D...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334133/population-dynamics-of-the-wheat-curl-mite-acari-eriophyidae-during-the-heading-stages-of-winter-wheat
#6
Anthony J McMechan, Gary L Hein
The wheat curl mite (Aceria tosichella Keifer) is the only known vector of three viruses in wheat-Wheat streak mosaic virus, Wheat mosaic virus, and Triticum mosaic virus. The economic impact of this disease complex is linked to the presence of suitable hosts prior to winter wheat maturing in early summer and the movement of wheat curl mite from wheat to oversummering hosts prior to wheat harvest. Previous research has documented the prevalence and density of mite populations on maturing wheat heads; however, these studies were limited to a few late stages of wheat...
February 19, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332274/time-course-expression-qtl-atlas-of-the-global-transcriptional-response-of-wheat-to-fusarium-graminearum
#7
Mina Samad-Zamini, Wolfgang Schweiger, Thomas Nussbaumer, Klaus F X Mayer, Hermann Buerstmayr
Fusarium head blight is a devastating disease of small grain cereals such as bread wheat (Triticum aestivum). The pathogen switches from a biotrophic to a nectrotrophic lifestyle in course of disease development forcing its host to adapt its defence strategies. Using a genetical genomics approach we illustrate genome-wide reconfigurations of genetic control over transcript abundances between two decisive time points after inoculation with the causative pathogen Fusarium graminearum. Whole transcriptome measurements have been recorded for 163 lines of a wheat doubled haploid population segregating for several resistance genes yielding 15 552 at 30 hours and 15 888 eQTL at 50 hours after inoculation...
March 23, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332204/evaluation-of-hmw-gs-20-and-2-2-from-near-isogenic-lines-nils-of-wheat-variety-hd2329-for-bread-quality-improvement
#8
Sonia Goel, Sapna Grewal, N K Singh
BACKGROUND: Hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) dominates the list of the most important human food sources ever. Its complex genetic background is the reason behind the wide diversity that exists in nutritional as well as food end- product quality. High molecular weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GS) are the main grain storage proteins in the endosperm of wheat and related species. It is well established that the composition and quantity of allelic variation in (HMW-GS) genes substantially affect the taste and appearance of dough products and therefore work in this area is highly desired...
March 23, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330326/impact-assessment-of-silver-nanoparticles-on-plant-growth-and-soil-bacterial-diversity
#9
Pallavi, C M Mehta, Rashmi Srivastava, Sandeep Arora, A K Sharma
The present study was carried out to investigate the impact of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on the growth of three different crop species, wheat (Triticum aestivum, var. UP2338), cowpea (Vigna sinensis, var. Pusa Komal), and Brassica (Brassica juncea, var. Pusa Jai Kisan), along with their impact on the rhizospheric bacterial diversity. Three different concentrations (0, 50 and 75 ppm) of AgNPs were applied through foliar spray. After harvesting, shoot and root parameters were compared, and it was observed that wheat was relatively unaffected by all AgNP treatments...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330167/genetic-characterization-of-moroccan-and-the-exotic-bread-wheat-cultivars-using-functional-and-random-dna-markers-linked-to-the-agronomic-traits-for-genomics-assisted-improvement
#10
Fatima Henkrar, Jamal El-Haddoury, Hassan Ouabbou, Najib Bendaou, Sripada M Udupa
Genetic characterization, diversity analysis and estimate of the genetic relationship among varieties using functional and random DNA markers linked to agronomic traits can provide relevant guidelines in selecting parents and designing new breeding strategies for marker-assisted wheat cultivar improvement. Here, we characterize 20 Moroccan and 19 exotic bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars using 47 functional and 7 linked random DNA markers associated with 21 loci of the most important traits for wheat breeding...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326434/genetic-architecture-of-male-fertility-restoration-of-triticum-timopheevii-cytoplasm-and-fine-mapping-of-the-major-restorer-locus-rf3-on-chromosome-1b
#11
Tobias Würschum, Willmar L Leiser, Sigrid Weissmann, Hans Peter Maurer
Restoration of fertility in the cytoplasmic male sterility-inducing Triticum timopheevii cytoplasm can be achieved with the major restorer locus Rf3 located on chromosome 1B, but is also dependent on modifier loci. Hybrid breeding relies on a hybrid mechanism enabling a cost-efficient hybrid seed production. In wheat and triticale, cytoplasmic male sterility based on the T. timopheevii cytoplasm is commonly used, and the aim of this study was to dissect the genetic architecture underlying fertility restoration...
March 21, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326096/tagw2-a-good-reflection-of-wheat-polyploidization-and-evolution
#12
Lin Qin, Junjie Zhao, Tian Li, Jian Hou, Xueyong Zhang, Chenyang Hao
Hexaploid wheat consists of three subgenomes, namely, A, B, and D. These well-characterized ancestral genomes also exist at the diploid and tetraploid levels, thereby rendering wheat as a good model species for studying polyploidization. Here, we performed intra- and inter-species comparative analyses of wheat and its relatives to dissect polymorphism and differentiation of the TaGW2 genes. Our results showed that genetic diversity of TaGW2 decreased with progression from the diploids to tetraploids and hexaploids...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321518/identification-and-characterization-of-durum-wheat-micrornas-in-leaf-and-root-tissues
#13
Veronica Fileccia, Edoardo Bertolini, Paolo Ruisi, Dario Giambalvo, Alfonso Salvatore Frenda, Gina Cannarozzi, Zerihun Tadele, Cristina Crosatti, Federico Martinelli
MicroRNAs are a class of post-transcriptional regulators of plant developmental and physiological processes and responses to environmental stresses. Here, we present the study regarding the annotation and characterization of MIR genes conducted in durum wheat. We characterized the miRNAome of leaf and root tissues at tillering stage under two environmental conditions: irrigated with 100% (control) and 55% of evapotranspiration (early water stress). In total, 90 microRNAs were identified, of which 32 were classified as putative novel and species-specific miRNAs...
March 20, 2017: Functional & Integrative Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319793/early-response-of-wheat-antioxidant-system-with-special-reference-to-fusarium-head-blight-stress
#14
Valentina Spanic, Marija Viljevac Vuletic, Ivan Abicic, Tihana Marcek
Fusarium head blight (FHB) is a destructive fungal disease of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) that causes significant grain yield losses and end-use quality reduction associated with contamination by the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON). Three winter wheat varieties ('Vulkan', 'Kraljica' and 'Golubica') were screened for FHB resistance using artificial inoculation technique under field conditions. The aim of this study was to examine a relationship between FHB resistance and the effectiveness of enzyme antioxidant system of wheat varieties under different sampling times (3, 15, 24, 48, 96, 120 and 336 hai)...
March 14, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315056/degradation-of-n-alkanes-and-pahs-from-the-heavy-crude-oil-using-salt-tolerant-bacterial-consortia-and-analysis-of-their-catabolic-genes
#15
Ranjit Gurav, Honghong Lyu, Jianli Ma, Jingchun Tang, Qinglong Liu, Hairong Zhang
In the present study, salt-tolerant strains, Dietzia sp. HRJ2, Corynebacterium variabile HRJ4, Dietzia cinnamea HRJ5 and Bacillus tequilensis HRJ6 were isolated from the Dagang oil field, China. These strains degraded n-alkanes and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) aerobically from heavy crude oil (HCO) in an experiment at 37 °C and 140 rpm. The GC/MS investigation for degradation of different chain lengths of n-alkanes (C8-C40) by individual strains showed the highest degradation of C8-C19 (HRJ5), C20-C30 (HRJ4) and C31-C40 (HRJ5), respectively...
March 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314965/genetic-analyses-using-gge-model-and-a-mixed-linear-model-approach-and-stability-analyses-using-ammi-bi-plot-for-late-maturity-alpha-amylase-activity-in-bread-wheat-genotypes
#16
Golam Rasul, Karl D Glover, Padmanaban G Krishnan, Jixiang Wu, William A Berzonsky, Bourlaye Fofana
Low falling number and discounting grain when it is downgraded in class are the consequences of excessive late-maturity α-amylase activity (LMAA) in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Grain expressing high LMAA produces poorer quality bread products. To effectively breed for low LMAA, it is necessary to understand what genes control it and how they are expressed, particularly when genotypes are grown in different environments. In this study, an International Collection (IC) of 18 spring wheat genotypes and another set of 15 spring wheat cultivars adapted to South Dakota (SD), USA were assessed to characterize the genetic component of LMAA over 5 and 13 environments, respectively...
March 17, 2017: Genetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303175/responses-of-holocyclic-and-anholocyclic-rhopalosiphum-padi-populations-to-low-temperature-and-short-photoperiod-induction
#17
Xiong Peng, Xianfeng Qiao, Maohua Chen
The different life cycles of aphid species make these organisms good models for studying the short-term consequences of sex. The bird cherry-oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi has a wide geographic distribution and correspondingly different life cycles. In this study, the life cycles of R. padi collected from six different regions in China were characterized experimentally by comparing the responses of holocyclic and anholocyclic populations to low-temperature and short-photoperiod induction. Clones collected from Chuzhou, Taian, and Taigu consistently reproduced via obligate parthenogenesis, whereas clones from Hami and Baicheng were holocyclic in their response, and those from Lanzhou were both holocyclic and anholocyclic...
February 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292725/physiological-and-antioxidant-response-of-wheat-triticum-aestivum-seedlings-to-fluoroquinolone-antibiotics
#18
Luqman Riaz, Tariq Mahmood, Mark S Coyne, Azeem Khalid, Audil Rashid, Malik Tahir Hayat, Asim Gulzar, Muhammad Amjad
Combinations of antibiotics occur in terrestrial environments due to excessive prescription, consumption, and disposal and have adverse effects, including crop toxicity. We examined short-term (20-d) toxicity of the fluoroquinolone antibiotics ciprofloxacin, enrofloxacin, levofloxacin, and their mixture in a germination and a greenhouse sand culture study with wheat. We tested the hypothesis that oxidative stress plays a role in toxicity by examining stress products and antioxidants involved in detoxifying reactive oxygen species (ROS) during stress...
March 9, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290332/peptides-from-gluten-digestion-a-comparison-between-old-and-modern-wheat-varieties
#19
Barbara Prandi, Tullia Tedeschi, Silvia Folloni, Gianni Galaverna, Stefano Sforza
Coeliac disease is an autoimmune enteropathy that develops in genetically predisposed subjects after the ingestion of gluten or related proteins. Coeliac disease has an increasing incidence in the last years in western countries and it has been suggested that wheat breeding might have contributed to select more toxic forms of gluten. In this work, we analysed gluten peptides generated by in vitro digestion of different old and modern Triticum varieties, using LC-MS. We concluded that old varieties analysed produced a higher quantity of peptides containing immunogenic and toxic sequences than modern ones...
January 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289804/evidence-of-intralocus-recombination-at-the-glu-3-loci-in-bread-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l
#20
Maria I Ibba, Alecia M Kiszonas, Craig F Morris
Recombination at the Glu-3 loci was identified, and strong genetic linkage was observed only between the amplicons representing i-type and s-type genes located, respectively, at the Glu-A3 and Glu-B3 loci. The low-molecular weight glutenin subunits (LMW-GSs) are one of the major components of wheat seed storage proteins and play a critical role in the determination of wheat end-use quality. The genes encoding this class of proteins are located at the orthologous Glu-3 loci (Glu-A3, Glu-B3, and Glu-D3). Due to the complexity of these chromosomal regions and the high sequence similarity between different LMW-GS genes, their organization and recombination characteristics are still incompletely understood...
March 13, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
keyword
keyword
56672
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"