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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788095/effects-of-maturity-at-harvest-on-the-nutritive-value-and-ruminal-digestion-of-eragrostis-tef-cv-moxie-when-fed-to-beef-cattle
#1
J R Vinyard, J B Hall, J E Sprinkle, G E Chibisa
Teff (Eragrostis tef cv. Moxie), a warm-season annual grass, could be an excellent forage for beef cattle. However, there is limited information on its nutritive value to cattle when harvested at different stages of maturity. Thus, the objective of this research was to determine the effect of feeding teff hay harvested at the boot (BT), early-heading (EH), or late-heading (LH) stages of maturity on nutrient intake, ruminal fermentation characteristics, omasal nutrient flow, and N utilization in beef cattle...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784316/structural-profile-of-soluble-and-bound-phenolic-compounds-in-teff-eragrostis-tef-reveals-abundance-of-distinctly-different-flavones-in-white-and-brown-varieties
#2
Shreeya Ravisankar, Kebede Abegaz, Joseph M Awika
Reliable data on polyphenol in teff, an increasingly important food crop, is currently lacking. This study investigated the structural and quantitative profile of soluble and bound polyphenols in white and brown teff grown in Ethiopia and USA using LC-tandem quadrupole mass spectrometry. Thirty-four phenolic compounds (32 newly identified in teff), mostly flavones and phenolic acid derivatives, were characterized. Unusually high levels of flavones were present in both white (1398-2049 μg/g), and brown (1720-1847 μg/g) teff soluble fractions...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777450/characterisation-of-members-of-the-fusarium-incarnatum-equiseti-species-complex-from-undisturbed-soils-in-south-africa
#3
Adriaana Jacobs, Lydia Mojela, Brett Summerell, Eduard Venter
The genus Fusarium hosts a large number of economically significant phytopathogens with a global distribution. Surprisingly, only a limited number of studies have tried to identify the natural distribution of members of this genus in undisturbed soils. Members of the Fusarium incarnatum-equiseti species complex (FIESC) are increasingly associated with plant disease, and human and animal health problems. Recently, an outbreak of kikuyu poisoning of cattle was attributed to the F. incarnatum-equiseti species complex...
May 18, 2018: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757853/multiplex-polymerase-chain-reaction-assay-for-screening-of-mycotoxin-genes-from-ocular-isolates-of-fusarium-species
#4
Orapin Anutarapongpan, Jorge Maestre-Mesa, Eduardo C Alfonso, Terrence P OʼBrien, Darlene Miller
PURPOSE: To identify mycotoxin genes among clinical ocular isolates of Fusarium species and to correlate these with clinical outcomes of Fusarium keratitis. METHODS: Fifty-four clinical isolates of Fusarium were retrieved from the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute Ocular Microbiology Laboratory data bank. Multiplex polymerase chain reactions were run to confirm the identification of Fusarium species [internal transcribed spacer sequence, translation elongation factor 1-α (TEF) and β-tubulin] and to detect the presence of genes encoding production of fumonisin B mycotoxins (FUM1 and FUM8) and trichothecene mycotoxins (deoxynivalenol and nivalenol)...
May 1, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750630/esophageal-atresia-with-tracheoesophageal-fistula-and-gastroesophageal-reflux-in-children-dental-considerations-and-case-report
#5
J Arturo Garrocho-Rangel, Juana M Arvizu-Rivera, Nadia P Campos-Lara, Miguel A Rosales-Berber, Amaury Pozos-Guillén
BACKGROUND: Esophageal Atresia (EA) is defined as the congenital interruption of the continuity of the esophagus. Pediatric patients also have other congenital conditions, such as Tracheo-Esophageal Fistula (TEF). CASE REPORT: A 7-year-old male with TEF referred by a Pediatric Cardiologist, with the principal complaint of "severe and generalized tooth wearing". Considering that the patient was systemically stable, it was decided to perform the oral procedures under local anesthesia and rubber-dam isolation with an antimicrobial prophylaxis regimen...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742066/endoscopic-management-of-recurrent-tracheoesophageal-fistula-induced-by-chronic-use-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Theodor Alexandru Voiosu, Andrada Viorela Gheorghe, Dan Adrian Bobeica, Andrei Mihai Voiosu, Radu Bogdan Mateescu
Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is frequently congenital and requires surgical correction. TEF can also occur secondary to malignant esophageal tumors or benign diseases and these cases are managed by endoscopic means, such as closing the defect with metallic stents. Although esophageal injury can occur secondary to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), TEF secondary to chronic NSAIDs use hasn't been described in the literature. We report the case of a male patient with refractory migraine and chronic use of NSAIDs, with a history of esophageal stenosis presenting with acute-onset total dysphagia...
May 8, 2018: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738842/relative-effective-potencies-of-dioxin-like-compounds-in-rodent-and-human-lung-cell-models
#7
Simona Strapáčová, Petra Brenerová, Pavel Krčmář, Patrik Andersson, Karin I van Ede, Majorie B M van Duursen, Martin van den Berg, Jan Vondráček, Miroslav Machala
Toxicity of dioxin-like compounds (DLCs), such as polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans and biphenyls, is largely mediated via aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) activation. AhR-mediated gene expression can be tissue-specific; however, the inducibility of AhR in the lungs, a major target of DLCs, remains poorly characterized. In this study, we developed relative effective potencies (REPs) for a series of DLCs in both rodent (MLE-12, RLE-6TN) and human (A549, BEAS-2B) lung and bronchial epithelial cell models, using expression of both canonical (CYP1A1, CYP1B1) and less well characterized (TIPARP, AHRR, ALDH3A1) AhR target genes...
May 5, 2018: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738345/the-esophageal-atresia-quality-of-life-questionnaires-feasibility-validity-and-reliability-in-sweden-and-germany
#8
Michaela Dellenmark-Blom, Jens Dingemann, Stefanie Witt, Julia H Quitmann, Linus Jönsson, Vladimir Gatzinsky, John E Chaplin, Monika Bullinger, Sofie Flieder, Benno M Ure, Carmen Dingemann, Kate Abrahamsson
OBJECTIVES: Esophageal atresia (EA) is a rare malformation characterized of discontinuity of the esophagus, concurrent with or without a tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). We report the validity and reliability of a condition-specific quality of life (QOL) tool for EA/TEF children, the age-adapted EA-QOL-questionnaires, when used in Sweden and Germany. METHODS: 124 families of children with EA/TEF participated in the study; 53 parents completed the EA-QOL-questionnaire for children aged 2-7 years; 62 children/71 parents the EA-QOL-questionnaire for children 8-17 years...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734336/dynamics-and-control-of-sister-kinetochore-behavior-during-the-meiotic-divisions-in-drosophila-spermatocytes
#9
Soumya Chaurasia, Christian F Lehner
Sister kinetochores are connected to the same spindle pole during meiosis I and to opposite poles during meiosis II. The molecular mechanisms controlling the distinct behavior of sister kinetochores during the two meiotic divisions are poorly understood. To study kinetochore behavior during meiosis, we have optimized time lapse imaging with Drosophila spermatocytes, enabling kinetochore tracking with high temporal and spatial resolution through both meiotic divisions. The correct bipolar orientation of chromosomes within the spindle proceeds rapidly during both divisions...
May 7, 2018: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732364/impaired-fgf10-signaling-and-epithelial-development-in-experimental-lung-hypoplasia-with-esophageal-atresia
#10
Jun Wang, Hao Liu, Linlin Gao, Xiaomei Liu
Patients with esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) often experience persistent respiratory tract disease. In experimental models, doxorubicin-induced developmental lung abnormalities may result from downregulation of branching morphogenesis factor fibroblast growth factor (Fgf10). This study investigated the temporospatial expression of Fgf10 pathway components and lung epithelial factors in an doxorubicin-induced EA-TEF model by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry, and immunoblotting...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705548/chemical-by-chemical-and-cumulative-risk-assessment-of-residential-indoor-exposure-to-semivolatile-organic-compounds-in-france
#11
Maud Pelletier, Philippe Glorennec, Corinne Mandin, Barbara Le Bot, Olivier Ramalho, Fabien Mercier, Nathalie Bonvallot
BACKGROUND: The toxic effects of environmental exposure to chemicals are increasingly being studied and confirmed, notably for semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs). These are found in many products and housing materials, from which they are emitted to indoor air, settled dust and other surfaces. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this work is to assess the human health risk posed by residential indoor exposure to 32 SVOCs, assessed in previous nationwide studies. METHODS: A chemical-by-chemical risk assessment, using a hazard quotient (HQ) or excess risk (ER) method, was supplemented by a cumulative risk assessment (CRA)...
April 26, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681739/-cantharellus-violaceovinosus-a-new-species-from-tropical-quercus-forests-in-eastern-mexico
#12
Mariana Herrera, Victor M Bandala, Leticia Montoya
During explorations of tropical oak forests in central Veracruz (eastern Mexico), the authors discovered a Cantharellus species that produces basidiomes with strikingly violet pileus and a hymenium with yellow, raised gill-like folds. It is harvested locally and valued as a prized edible wild mushroom. Systematic multiyear sampling of basidiomes allowed the recording of the morphological variation exhibited by fresh fruit bodies in different growth stages, which supports the recognition of this Cantharellus species from others in the genus...
2018: MycoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680651/productivity-of-lactating-dairy-cows-fed-diets-with-teff-hay-as-the-sole-forage
#13
B A Saylor, D H Min, B J Bradford
Groundwater depletion is one of the most pressing issues facing the dairy industry in arid regions. One strategy to improve the industry's drought resilience involves feeding drought-tolerant forage crops in place of traditional forage crops such as alfalfa and corn silage. The objective of this study was to assess the productivity of lactating dairy cows fed diets with teff hay (Eragrostis tef) as the sole forage. Teff is a warm-season annual grass native to Ethiopia that is well adapted to drought conditions...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656008/identification-of-mirnas-linked-with-the-drought-response-of-tef-eragrostis-tef-zucc-trotter
#14
Federico Martinelli, Gina Cannarozzi, Bipin Balan, Fredy Siegrist, Annett Weichert, Regula Blösch, Zerihun Tadele
Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter], a staple food crop in the Horn of Africa and particularly in Ethiopia, has several beneficial agronomical and nutritional properties, including waterlogging and drought tolerance. In this study, we performed microRNA profiling of tef using the Illumina HiSeq 2500 platform, analyzing both shoots and roots of two tef genotypes, one drought-tolerant (Tsedey) and one drought-susceptible (Alba). We obtained more than 10 million filtered reads for each of the 24 sequenced small cDNA libraries...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649158/dietary-intakes-of-minerals-essential-and-toxic-trace-elements-for-adults-from-eragrostis-tef-l-a-nutritional-assessment
#15
Eva Koubová, Daniela Sumczynski, Lenka Šenkárová, Jana Orsavová, Miroslav Fišera
This study analysed the contents of thirty-six mineral and trace elements in teff ( Eragrostis tef L.) grains. What is more, dietary intakes were calculated. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used to assess mineral and trace element contents. Consequently, the appropriate Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) or adequate intake (AI), and provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI) or provisional tolerable monthly intake (PTMI) values for adults were determined according to the Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization (FAO/WHO) and Institute of Medicine (IOM) regulations...
April 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644949/extrinsic-iron-from-soil-contributes-to-hb-regeneration-of-anaemic-rats-implications-for-foods-contaminated-with-soil-iron
#16
Habtamu Guja, Kaleab Baye
Contamination of foods with extrinsic (soil) Fe is common in developing countries. However, the bioavailability of this extrinsic Fe and the extent to which it contributes to Fe nutrition remains unknown. The present study compared the bioavailability of laboratory- and field-threshed teff (Eragrostisis tef (Zucc) Trotter) to evaluate the bioavailablity of extrinsic soil Fe that resulted from the traditional threshing of the staple grain. Using sequential extraction, Fe was fractionated and its solubility was evaluated...
April 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621589/identification-of-rare-heterozygous-missense-mutations-in-fanca-in-esophageal-atresia-patients-using-next-generation-sequencing
#17
Yu Feng, Runsen Chen, Min Da, Bo Qian, Xuming Mo
Esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) are relatively common malformations in newborns, but the etiology of EA/TEF remains unknown. Fanconi anemia (FA) complementation group A (FANCA) is a key component of the FA core complex and is essential for the activation of the DNA repair pathway. The middle region (amino acids 674-1208) of FANCA is required for its interaction with FAAP20. We performed targeted sequencing of this binding region of FANCA (exons 23-36) in 40 EA/TEF patients. We also investigated the effect of the p...
April 2, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611100/resveratrol-acts-anti-inflammatory-and-neuroprotective-in-an-infant-rat-model-of-pneumococcal-meningitis-by-modulating-the-hippocampal-mirnome
#18
Karina Barbosa de Queiroz, Thaís Dos Santos Fontes Pereira, Márcio Sobreira Silva Araújo, Ricardo Santiago Gomez, Roney Santos Coimbra
Resveratrol (RSV) is anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective, cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and has a safe profile. Besides, RSV modulates the expression of some miRNAs related to neurological disorders. Thus, we hypothesized that RSV can be neuroprotective in pneumococcal meningitis by modulating the global microRNA expression profile (miRNome). Eleven-day old rats were intracysternally infected with S. pneumoniae (~ 2 × 106 c.f.u.) and were orally administered with RSV (50 mg/kg) or vehicle in pre-treatment (before infection) or post-treatment schedules (3 and 18 h p...
April 2, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596959/two-efficient-methods-for-isolation-of-high-quality-genomic-dna-from-entomopathogenic-fungi
#19
María G Serna-Domínguez, Gilda Y Andrade-Michel, Hugo C Arredondo-Bernal, Gallou Adrien
Conventional and commercial methods for isolation of nucleic acids are available for fungal samples including entomopathogenic fungi (EPF). However, there is not a unique optimal method for all organisms. The cell wall structure and the wide range of secondary metabolites of EPF can broadly interfere with the efficiency of the DNA extraction protocol. This study compares three commercial protocols: DNeasy® Plant Mini Kit (Qiagen), Wizard® Genomic DNA Purification Kit (Promega), and Axygen™ Multisource Genomic DNA Miniprep Kit (Axygen) and three conventional methods based on different buffers: SDS, CTAB/PVPP, and CTAB/β-mercaptoethanol versus three cell lysis procedures: liquid nitrogen homogenization and two bead-beating materials (i...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590459/systemic-haemodynamics-in-haemodialysis-intradialytic-changes-and-prognostic-significance
#20
Stefanie Haag, Björn Friedrich, Andreas Peter, Hans-Ulrich Häring, Nils Heyne, Ferruh Artunc
Background: Although haemodialysis (HD) leads to alterations of systemic haemodynamics that can be monitored using dilution methods, there is a lack of data on the diagnostic and prognostic significance of haemodynamic monitoring during routine HD. Methods: In this multicentre study, we measured cardiac index (CI), access flow (AF) and central blood volume index (CBVI) during a single HD session in stable HD patients (n = 215) using the Transonic HD03 monitor (Transonic, Ithaca, NY, USA)...
March 26, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
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