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Santhiti Vadthanarat, Olivier Raspé, Saisamorn Lumyong
Rhodactina is a small sequestrate genus in Boletaceae with two described species, R. himalayensis and R. incarnata . Phylogenetic analyses of a three-gene dataset including atp 6, tef 1 and rpb 2 of Rhodactina species along with selected Boletaceae species showed that all Rhodactina species formed a monophyletic clade, sister to the genera Spongiforma and Borofutus in subfamily Leccinoideae with high support. All of the taxa in the clade have a similar chemical reaction in which basidiospores turn purplish, purplish red to violet or violet grey when in contact with potassium hydroxide...
2018: MycoKeys
Francesco Morini, Andrea Conforti, Pietro Bagolan
Current survival rate of infants with esophageal atresia with/without tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) exceeds 90% and great interest is dedicated to the long-term outcomes and complications. However, perioperative complications represent a significant burden to the EA/TEF infants and a technical challenge for the surgeon. In this review, we will focus on the most frequent perioperative complications specific of EA/TEF to describe their predisposing factors, possible preventive measures, and treatment options...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Leah Leibovitch, Iris Zohar, Ayala Maayan-Mazger, Ram Mazkereth, Tzipora Strauss, Ron Bilik
BACKGROUND: The estimated incidence of esophageal atresia (EA) with or without tracheo-esophageal fistula (TEF) is 1:3500 live births. During childhood these patients have various co-morbidities, but the overall quality of life among adults is similar to that of the general population. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate short- and long-term co-morbidities and quality of life among infants born with EA ± TEF at a large single medical center. METHODS: Medical records of 65 children born over a 21 year period were reviewed for short- and long-term medical data...
March 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
P Dallé Rosa, M Ramirez-Castrillon, P Valente, A Meneghello Fuentefria, A D Van Diepeningen, L Z Goldani
Invasive fusariosis has a high mortality and is predominantly observed in patients with leukemia. We report the first case of a novel species of Fusarium, Fusarium riograndense sp. nov, isolated from a lesion in the nasal cavity lesion of a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The etiological agent was identified by Multilocus Sequencing Typing (MLST), including RPB2, TEF-1α, and ITS-LSU sequences, the gold standard technique to identify new species of Fusarium. MLST and phenotypic data strongly supported its inclusion in the F...
March 7, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Mackenzie C Lees, Ioana Bratu, Maryna Yaskina, Michael van Manen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore oral feeding outcomes in infants born with type-C esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of all infants born between January 2005 and December 2015 undergoing surgery for type-C EA/TEF at the University of Alberta Hospital was performed. RESULTS: Fifty-seven infants were identified, of which 61.4% were exclusively orally feeding at discharge home...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Damian Dylkowski, Sumit Dave, J Andrew McClure, Blayne Welk, Jennifer Winick-Ng, Sarah Jones
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study was designed to determine the volume, postoperative surgical outcomes and, if possible, the relationship between outcome and institutional / surgeon volume in neonates undergoing repair of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF) over the last 20years in Ontario. METHODS: Using administrative databases, a population based cohort study of patients undergoing EA-TEF repair in Ontario between 1993 and 2012 was conducted...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Lindiane Cogo Rigo, Dimorvan Bordin, Vinicius Pavesi Fardin, Paulo G Coelho, Timothy G Bromage, Andre Reis, Ronaldo Hirata
This study evaluated the influence of polishing protocols on the surface roughness of flowable and regular bulk fill composites. Five bulk fill composites were tested: SureFil SDR Flow (SDR), Tetric EvoFlow Bulk fill (TEF), Filtek Bulk Fill Flowable (FIF), Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill (TEC), and Filtek Bulk Fill Posterior (FIP). Two polishing protocols were tested: Sof-Lex and Astropol. Astropol created a smoother surface for FIP (P < .05); however, the polishing protocol did not influence surface roughness on TEC (P > ...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
H Zhuang, Y Ma, L Wang, H Zhang
Background: Patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (nsclc) experience great pain and stress. Our study aimed to explore the effect of early palliative care on quality of life in patients with nsclc. Methods: A total of 150 patients were randomly divided into two groups: control group with conventional care and study group with early palliative care. The quality of life (qol) rating scale and self-rating scale of life quality (sslq) were used to analyze the patients' quality of life...
February 2018: Current Oncology
D H Costa-Rezende, G L Robledo, A Góes-Neto, M A Reck, E Crespo, E R Drechsler-Santos
Ganodermataceae is a remarkable group of polypore fungi, mainly characterized by particular double-walled basidiospores with a coloured endosporium ornamented with columns or crests, and a hyaline smooth exosporium. In order to establish an integrative morphological and molecular phylogenetic approach to clarify relationship of Neotropical Amauroderma within the Ganodermataceae family, morphological analyses, including scanning electron microscopy, as well as a molecular phylogenetic approach based on one (ITS) and four loci (ITS-5...
December 2017: Persoonia
I Skrede, T Carlsen, T Schumacher
Helvella is a widespread, speciose genus of large apothecial ascomycetes ( Pezizomycete : Pezizales ) that are found in terrestrial biomes of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. This study represents a beginning on assessing species limits and applying correct names for Helvella species based on type material and specimens in the university herbaria (fungaria) of Copenhagen (C), Harvard (FH) and Oslo (O). We use morphology and phylogenetic evidence from four loci - heat shock protein 90 ( hsp ), translation elongation factor alpha ( tef ), RNA polymerase II ( rpb2 ) and the nuclear large subunit ribosomal DNA (LSU) - to assess species boundaries in an expanded sample of Helvella specimens from Europe...
December 2017: Persoonia
Ryo Shirotsuki, Hiroo Uchida, Yujiro Tanaka, Chiyoe Shirota, Kazuki Yokota, Naruhiko Murase, Akinari Hinoki, Kazuo Oshima, Kosuke Chiba, Wataru Sumida, Masahiro Hayakawa, Takahisa Tainaka
BACKGROUND: Postoperative chylothorax after surgery for esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is a rare but serious complication, especially in neonates. This study aimed to identify the thoracic duct and ligate chylous leakage sites, using thoracoscopic navigation of an indocyanine-green (ICG)-based near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging system. METHODS: From November 2014 to April 2017, thoracoscopic intraoperative ICG-NIR imaging was performed in 10 newborns (11 surgeries) with first TEF operation or with persistent postoperative chylothorax after TEF operation...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Jun Won Kim, Tae Hyung Kim, Jie-Hyun Kim, Ik Jae Lee
AIM: To evaluate toxicity and treatment outcome of high-dose radiotherapy (RT) for cervical esophageal cancer (CEC). METHODS: We reviewed a total of 62 consecutive patients who received definitive RT for stage I to III cervical esophageal cancer between 2001 and 2015. Patients who received < 45 Gy, treated for lesions below sternal notch, treated with palliative aim, treated with subsequent surgical resection, or diagnosed with synchronous hypopharyngeal cancer were excluded...
February 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Imen Gdara, Ines Zrafi, Catia Balducci, Angelo Cecinato, Ahmed Ghrabi
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are of great concern due to their persistence, bioaccumulation and toxic properties. The occurrence, source and ecological risk assessment of 26 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in industrial and agricultural effluents affecting the Wadi El Bey watershed were investigated by means of gas chromatographic/mass spectrometric analysis (GC/MS). Total PAHs (∑ 26 PAH) ranged from 1.21 to 91.7 µg/L. The 4- and 5-ring compounds were the principal PAHs detected in most of 5 sites examined...
February 13, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
A Kargl, B Kosse, S Uhrlaß, D Koch, C Krüger, K Eckert, P Nenoff
Patient 1: After contact to a central European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus), a 50-year-old female with atopy developed erythrosquamous tinea manus on the thumb and thenar eminence of the right hand. The patient had previously been scalded by hot steam at the affected site. The zoophilic dermatophyte Trichophyton erinacei could be cultured from the hedgehog as well as from scrapings from the woman's skin. Antifungal treatment of the hedgehog was initiated using 2 weekly cycles of itraconazole solution (0...
February 12, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
Michael S Green, Johann J Mathew, Lia J Michos, Parmis Green, Mansoor M Aman
Introduction: An acquired Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is commonly caused by a malignancy or trauma, with pulmonary infection or aspiration being the presenting symptom. However, in the critical care setting the presentation can be subtle and may present with difficult ventilation. High endotracheal tube cuff pressures can lead to tracheal erosions and thus increasing the chances for developing a TEF. Prolonged intubation in the presence of other risk factors like poor general state of health, episodic hypotension, nasogastric tubes, and repeated intubations can increase the likelihood of developing an acquired TEF...
August 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Katherine J Baxter, Lauren M Baxter, April M Landry, Mark L Wulkan, Amina M Bhatia
BACKGROUND: Long-term dysphagia occurs in up to 50% of repaired esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) patients. The underlying factors are unclear and may include stricture, esophageal dysmotility, or associated anomalies. Our purpose was to determine whether structural airway abnormalities (SAA) are associated with dysphagia in EA/TEF. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of children who underwent EA/TEF repair in our hospital system from 2007 to 2016...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Wegdan Mawlana, Paul Zamiara, Hilary Lane, Margaret Marcon, Eveline Lapidus-Krol, Priscilla Pl Chiu, Aideen M Moore
BACKGROUND: Esophageal atresia with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) is a complex disorder, and most outcome data are confined to mortality and feeding-related morbidities. Our objective was to examine mortality, growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes in a large recent cohort of infants with EA/TEF. METHODS: Single center study of EA/TEF infants referred from January 2000 to December 2015. Data collected included associated defects, neonatal morbidity and mortality and growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes at age 12-36months...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Nirmal K Roy, Allison Candelmo, Melissa DellaTorre, R Christopher Chambers, Arthur Nádas, Isaac Wirgin
Atlantic sturgeon and shortnose sturgeon co-occur in many estuaries along the Atlantic Coast of North America. Both species are protected under the U.S. Endangered Species Act and internationally on the IUCN Red list and by CITES. Early life-stages of both sturgeons may be exposed to persistent aromatic hydrocarbon contaminants such as PCBs and PCDD/Fs which are at high levels in the sediments of impacted spawning rivers. Our objective was to compare the PCBs and TCDD sensitivities of both species with those of other fishes and to determine if environmental concentrations of these contaminants approach those that induce toxicity to their young life-stages under controlled laboratory conditions...
February 2, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
N Carro, I García, M Ignacio, A Mouteira
The concentrations of PCDD/Fs (2,3,7,8-chlorosubstituted) and three dioxin-like PCBs (PCB 77, PCB 126 and PCB169) were analyzed in bivalve mollusk collected in several Galician Rías between 2006 and 2014. Levels of Total PCDD/Fs ranged from 0.03 to 0.62 pg WHO-TEQ g-1 wet weight. Total dl-PCBs values were higher than Total PCDD/Fs and ranged from 0.01 to 2.11 pg WHO-TEQ g-1 wet weight. These concentrations were below those considered safe for human consumption. The PCDD/Fs profile was dominated by 2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF and 2,3,7,8-TCDF with a percentage of 24...
December 28, 2017: Chemosphere
Nara S Higano, Alister J Bates, Jean A Tkach, Robert J Fleck, Foong Y Lim, Jason C Woods, Paul S Kingma
Esophageal atresia (EA) is a relatively uncommon congenital anomaly, often observed in conjunction with tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). Surgical repair in neonates typically takes place with little information about the pre-existing EA/TEF structure because there are currently no acceptable tools for evaluating EA/TEF anatomy prior to repair; chest x-ray radiograph does not identify malformation sub-type or gap length, while x-ray computed tomography (CT) demonstrate an unacceptably high exposure to ionizing radiation...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports
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