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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920017/esophageal-atresia-with-tracheo-esophageal-fistula-presenting-beyond-7-days
#1
Nilesh Nagdeve, Mohini Sukhdeve, Tushar Thakre, Suresh Morey
AIM: To describe our experience of neonates with esophageal atresia with tracheo-esophageal fistula (EA with TEF) who presented after a week. DESIGN: Retrospective study of the patients of EA with TEF who presented after a week. STUDY SETTING: Department of Pediatric Surgery, Government Medical College Nagpur. Study Duration: Eight years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic information, hematological, biochemical and radiological data were obtained from the patients' medical records...
July 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914345/comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-between-open-and-thoracoscopic-repair-for-esophageal-atresia-with-tracheoesophageal-fistula-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Yuhao Wu, Hongyu Kuang, Tiewei Lv, Chun Wu
OBJECTIVE: A meta-analysis was performed for a comparison of outcomes between open repair (OR) and thoracoscopic repair (TR) for esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (EA with TEF). METHODS: Electronic databases, including PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Medline, were searched systematically for the literatures aimed mainly at comparing the therapeutic effects for EA with TEF administrated by OR and TR. Corresponding data sets were extracted and two reviewers independently assessed the methodological quality...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898809/occurrence-of-nitro-and-oxy-pahs-in-agricultural-soils-in-eastern-china-and-excess-lifetime-cancer-risks-from-human-exposure-through-soil-ingestion
#3
Zhe Sun, Ying Zhu, Shaojie Zhuo, Weiping Liu, Eddy Y Zeng, Xilong Wang, Baoshan Xing, Shu Tao
The quality of agricultural soil is vital to human health, however soil contamination is a severe problem in China. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been found to be among the major soil contaminants in China. PAH derivatives could be more toxic but their measurements in soils are extremely limited. This study reports levels, spatial distributions and compositions of 11 nitrated (nPAHs) and 4 oxygenated PAHs (oPAHs) in agricultural soils covering 26 provinces in eastern China to fill the data gap...
September 9, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891270/genetic-diversity-and-pathogenicity-of-fusarium-species-associated-with-fruit-rot-disease-in-banana-across-peninsular-malaysia
#4
Nur Baiti Abd Murad, Nik Mohd Izham Nik Mohamed, Shamarina Shohaimi, Nur Ain Izzati Mohd Zainudin
AIMS: The aims of this study are to identify the Fusarium isolates based on translation elongation factor (tef) 1α sequence, to determine the genetic diversity among isolates and species using selected microsatellite markers, and to examine the pathogenicity of Fusarium isolates causing fruit rot disease of banana. METHODS AND RESULTS: One-hundred thirteen microfungi isolates were obtained from fruit rot infected banana in Peninsular Malaysia. However, this study was focused on the dominant number of the discovered microfungi that belongs to the genus Fusarium...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873585/chemical-composition-and-food-uses-of-teff-eragrostis-tef
#5
REVIEW
Fan Zhu
Teff (Eragrostis tef) is a cereal native to Ethiopia and Eritrea. It has an excellent adaptability to harsh environmental conditions and plays an important role in food security. In recent years, teff is becoming globally popular due to the attractive nutritional profile such as gluten free and high dietary fiber content. This review documents the recent advances in the genetic diversity, nutritional composition and food uses of teff grain. The attractive nutrients of teff include protein, dietary fiber, polyphenols, and certain minerals...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870218/respiratory-problems-in-children-with-esophageal-atresia-and-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#6
Federica Porcaro, Laura Valfré, Lelia Rotondi Aufiero, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Paola De Angelis, Alberto Villani, Pietro Bagolan, Sergio Bottero, Renato Cutrera
BACKGROUND: Children with congenital esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) have chronic respiratory symptoms including recurrent pneumonia, wheezing and persistent cough. The aim of this study is to describe the clinical findings of a large group of children with EA and TEF surgically corrected and the instrumental investigation to which they have undergone in order to better understand the patient's needs and harmonize the care. METHODS: A retrospective data collection was performed on 105 children with EA and TEF followed at Department of Pediatric Medicine of Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital (Rome, Italy) between 2010 and 2015...
September 5, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835774/endoscopic-management-of-complications-of-self-expandable-metal-stents-for-treatment-of-malignant-esophageal-stenosis-and-tracheoesophageal-fistulas
#7
Renáta Bor, Anna Fábián, Anita Bálint, Klaudia Farkas, Mónika Szűcs, Ágnes Milassin, László Czakó, Mariann Rutka, Tamás Molnár, Zoltán Szepes
BACKGROUND: Self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) implantation may rapidly improve the symptoms of malignant esophageal stenosis and tracheoesophageal fistulas (TEF). However, dysphagia often returns subsequently and repeated endoscopic intervention may be necessary. The aims of the study were to identify the risk factors of complications, and the frequency and efficacy of repeated endoscopic interventions; and to provide technical recommendations on appropriate stent selection. METHODS: We analyzed retrospectively the clinical data of 212 patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer who underwent SEMS implantation...
August 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831760/tracheoesophageal-fistula-after-total-resection-of-gastric-conduit-for-gastro-aortic-fistula-due-to-gastric-ulcer
#8
Yayoi Sakatoku, Masahide Fukaya, Hironori Fujieda, Yuzuru Kamei, Akihiro Hirata, Keita Itatsu, Masato Nagino
BACKGROUND: Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is a rare but life-threatening complication after esophagectomy. It has a high mortality rate and often leads to severe aspiration pneumonia. Various types of surgical repair procedures have been reported, but the optimal management of TEF is challenging and controversial. Treatment should be individualized to each patient. CASE PRESENTATION: A 66-year-old female underwent transthoracic esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction and an intrathoracic anastomosis for esophageal cancer...
August 23, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831606/changes-in-quality-of-life-from-infancy-to-school-age-after-esophagoesophagostomy-for-tracheoesophageal-fistula-thoracotomy-versus-thoracoscopy
#9
Go Miyano, Shogo Seo, Hiroki Nakamura, Ryo Sueyoshi, Manabu Okawada, Takashi Doi, Hiroyuki Koga, Geoffrey J Lane, Atsuyuki Yamataka
BACKGROUND: We assessed the quality of life (QOL) of postoperative esophageal atresia (EA) with tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) cases, comparing open with thoracoscopic repair. METHODS: A retrospective review of consecutive EA/TEF repairs (2001-2014) was performed, excluding cases with birth weight less than 2000 g and severe cardiac/chromosomal anomalies. Of 37 cases, 13 had thoracoscopic repair (TR) and 24 had open repair (OR) according to the operating surgeon's preference...
August 22, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809062/carbon-nitrogen-and-sulphur-isotopic-fractionation-in-captive-juvenile-hooded-seal-cystophora-cristata-application-for-diet-analysis
#10
Marianna Pinzone, Mario Acquarone, Loreen Huyghebaert, Nicolas Sturaro, Loïc N Michel, Ursula Siebert, Krishna Das
RATIONALE: Intrinsic biogeochemical markers, such as stable isotope ratios of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur are increasingly used to trace the trophic ecology of marine top predators. However, insufficient knowledge of fractionation processes in tissues continues to hamper the use of these markers. METHODS: We performed a controlled feeding experiment with eight juvenile hooded seals (Cystophora cristata) that were held on a herring-based diet (Clupea harengus) for two years...
August 15, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807203/utilizing-stricture-indices-to-predict-dilation-of-strictures-after-esophageal-atresia-repair
#11
Rachel M Landisch, Sheila Foster, David Gregg, Thomas Chelius, Laura D Cassidy, Diana Lerner, Dave R Lal
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic stricture is the most common postoperative complication in infants undergoing repair of esophageal atresia with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF). Stricture indices (SIs) are used to predict infants at risk for stricture requiring dilation. We sought to determine the most accurate SI and optimal timing for predicting anastomotic dilation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of infants undergoing repair of EA/TEF between 2008 and 2013 was performed...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803355/evaluation-of-developmental-prognosis-for-esophageal-atresia-with-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#12
Akiyoshi Nomura, Masaya Yamoto, Koji Fukumoto, Toshiaki Takahashi, Kei Ohyama, Akinori Sekioka, Yutaka Yamada, Naoto Urushihara
PURPOSE: This study investigated risk factors for developmental disorders after the repair of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF). METHODS: The clinical charts of all infants with EA/TEF (gross type C) treated at our institution between 1993 and 2013 were analyzed. Patients with chromosomal aberrations were excluded. Forty-seven patients were divided into groups according to the presence (D) or absence (N) of developmental disorders. Patients were assessed with appropriate developmental examinations at age >3 years...
August 12, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782137/interkinetic-nuclear-migration-in-the-tracheal-and-esophageal-epithelia-of-the-mouse-embryo-possible-implications-for-tracheo-esophageal-anomalies
#13
Ryo Kaneda, Yuko Saeki, Dereje Getachew, Akihiro Matsumoto, Motohide Furuya, Noriko Ogawa, Tomoyuki Motoya, Ashiq Mahmood Rafiq, Esrat Jahan, Jun Udagawa, Ryuju Hashimoto, Hiroki Otani
Interkinetic nuclear migration (INM) is a cell polarity-based phenomenon in which progenitor cell nuclei migrate along the apico-basal axis of the pseudostratified epithelium in synchrony with the cell cycle. INM is suggested to be at least partially cytoskeleton-dependent and to regulate not only the proliferation/differentiation of stem/progenitor cells but also the localized/overall size and shape of organs/tissues. INM occurs in all three of the germ-layer derived epithelia, including the endoderm-derived gut...
August 6, 2017: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773115/effects-of-grain-size-on-ultrasonic-attenuation-in-type-316l-stainless-steel
#14
Tao Wan, Takashi Naoe, Takashi Wakui, Masatoshi Futakawa, Hironari Obayashi, Toshinobu Sasa
A lead bismuth eutectic (LBE) spallation target will be installed in the Target Test Facility (TEF-T) in the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The spallation target vessel filled with LBE is made of type 316L stainless steel. However, various damages, such as erosion/corrosion damage and liquid metal embrittlement caused by contact with flowing LBE at high temperature, and irradiation hardening caused by protons and neutrons, may be inflicted on the target vessel, which will deteriorate the steel and might break the vessel...
July 5, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758166/a-coconut-oil-rich-meal-does-not-enhance-thermogenesis-compared-to-corn-oil-in-a-randomized-trial-in-obese-adolescents
#15
Janna LaBarrie, Marie-Pierre St-Onge
BACKGROUND: Consumption of medium chain triglycerides (MCT) in overweight adults increases thermogenesis and improves weight management. Coconut oil is a rich natural source of MCT, but its thermogenic effect is unknown. Our study evaluated the effects of a test oil enriched in coconut oil, on energy expenditure, satiety, and metabolic markers in a randomized, double blind, cross-over study. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Fifteen children, age 13-18 years, body mass index >85th percentile for age and sex, were enrolled...
2017: Insights Nutr Metab
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730131/clinical-study-of-congenital-esophageal-stenosis-comparison-according-to-association-of-esophageal-atresia-and-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#16
Soo-Hong Kim, Hyun-Young Kim, Sung-Eun Jung, Seong-Cheol Lee, Kwi-Won Park
PURPOSE: Congenital esophageal atresia (CES) is a rare congenital disease. The severity of symptoms is variable; thus, diagnosis is difficult and tends to be delayed. CES is frequently accompanied by esophageal atresia (EA) with/without tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). We investigated the characteristics of CES by reviewing our experience with CES patients and researched the differences between CES with EA-TEF and isolated CES. METHODS: A total of 31 patients underwent operations for CES were reviewed retrospectively...
June 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718991/learning-curve-for-the-thoracoscopic-repair-of-esophageal-atresia-with-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#17
Hiroomi Okuyama, Yuko Tazuke, Takehisa Ueno, Hiroaki Yamanaka, Yuichi Takama, Ryuta Saka, Noriaki Usui, Hideki Soh, Takeo Yonekura
AIM: Thoracoscopic repair (TR) of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) remains a considerable challenge, even for the most experienced pediatric surgeons. The aim of this study is to report the outcomes of our experience with TR of EA/TEF and to determine the learning curve for this procedure. METHODS: Eleven consecutive cases that had undergone TR of EA/TEF at our institutes were included in this study. The medical charts were reviewed retrospectively...
July 18, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671814/preparation-and-gas-permeation-properties-of-fluorine-silica-membranes-with-controlled-amorphous-silica-structures-effect-of-fluorine-source-and-calcination-temperature-on-network-size
#18
Masakoto Kanezashi, Takuya Matsutani, Toru Wakihara, Hiroki Nagasawa, Tatsuya Okubo, Toshinori Tsuru
Triethoxyfluorosilane (TEFS), which is a pendant-type alkoxysilane with a Si-F bond, was utilized for the development of a molecular sieving membrane. The effect that a source of fluorine and calcination temperature exerted on gas permeation properties and network pore size was evaluated via single-gas permeation properties across a wide range of temperatures. A TEFS membrane calcined at 350 °C showed high H2 permeance (2.0 × 10(-6) mol m(-2) s(-1) Pa(-1)) and high selectivity for H2 over larger molecules (H2/CF4: >300; H2/SF6: >18 000), indicating that this network pore size would be suitable for a H2 permselective membrane that could promote the process of methylcyclohexane (MCH) dehydrogenation to produce toluene (TOL)...
July 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671160/placement-of-tracheobronchial-silicone-y-stents-multicenter-experience-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#19
Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Sahajal Dhooria, Karan Madan, Vallandramam Pattabhiraman, Ravindra Mehta, Rajiv Goyal, Jayachandra Akkaraju, Ritesh Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Airway obstruction or tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) near the tracheal carina requires placement of Y-shaped stents. Herein, we describe our multicenter experience with the placement of Dumon silicone Y-stents. We also conduct a systematic review for studies describing the deployment of airway silicone Y-stents. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of consecutive subjects who underwent placement of silicone Y-stents. The clinical details including the underlying diagnosis, indication for the placement of silicone Y-stents, success of stent placement, and follow-up are presented...
July 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669845/dioxin-like-activity-of-brominated-dioxins-as-individual-compounds-or-mixtures-in-in-vitro-reporter-gene-assays-with-rat-and-mouse-hepatoma-cell-lines
#20
G Suzuki, M Nakamura, C Michinaka, N M Tue, H Handa, H Takigami
In vitro reporter gene assays detecting dioxin-like compounds have been developed and validated since the middle 1990's, and applied to the determination of dioxin-like activities in various samples for their risk management. Data on characterizing the potency of individual brominated dioxins and their activity in mixture with chlorinated dioxins are still limited on the cell-based assay. This study characterized the dioxin-like activities of the 32 brominated dioxins, such as polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins, polybrominated dibenzofurans (PBDFs), coplanar polybrominated biphenyls, mixed halogenated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PXDFs), as a sole component or in a mixture by DR-CALUX (dioxin-responsive chemically activated luciferase expression) using the rat hepatoma H4IIE cell line and XDS-CALUX (xenobiotic detection systems-chemically activated luciferase expression) assays using the mouse hepatoma H1L6...
October 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
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