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auditory verbal hallucinations

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049081/suicidality-and-hospitalisation-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-who-experience-auditory-verbal-hallucinations
#1
C W Slotema, M B A Niemantsverdriet, J D Blom, M van der Gaag, H W Hoek, I E C Sommer
BACKGROUND: In patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD), about 22-50% experience auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH). However, the impact of these hallucinations on suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, crisis-service interventions, and hospital admissions is unknown. METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, data were collected with the Psychotic Symptom Rating Scales (PSYRATS) and the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview Plus, as well as from the medical records of a convenience sample of outpatients fulfilling the DSM-IV criteria for BPD...
December 29, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024236/cerebral-blood-flow-and-its-connectivity-features-of-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-in-schizophrenia-a-perfusion-study
#2
Long-Biao Cui, Gang Chen, Zi-Liang Xu, Lin Liu, Hua-Ning Wang, Li Guo, Wen-Ming Liu, Ting-Ting Liu, Shun Qi, Kang Liu, Wei Qin, Jin-Bo Sun, Yi-Bin Xi, Hong Yin
The goal of the study was to investigate cerebral blood flow (CBF) and its connectivity (an across-subject covariance measure) patterns of schizophrenia (SZ) patients with auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs). A total of demographically matched 25 SZ patients with AVHs, 25 without AVHs, and 25 healthy controls (HCs) underwent resting state perfusion imaging using a pulsed arterial spin labeling sequence. CBF and its connectivity were analyzed and then CBF topological properties were calculated. AVHs patients exhibited decreased CBF in the bilateral superior and middle frontal gyri and postcentral gyri, and right supplementary motor area compared with SZ patients without AVHs...
December 11, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010158/abnormalities-of-language-pathways-in-schizophrenia-patients-with-and-without-a-lifetime-history-of-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-a-dti-based-tractography-study
#3
Elise Leroux, Nicolas Delcroix, Sonia Dollfus
OBJECTIVES: Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) are frequently observed in patients with schizophrenia and could be the result of white matter (WM) fibre abnormalities involved in speech production/comprehension and perception. We evaluated WM integrity changes in schizophrenia with (SZ+) and without (SZ-) lifetime AVHs compared to healthy controls, using diffusion tensor imaging-based tractography, with a novel focus on the structural connectivity within both intra- and interhemispheric fasciculi...
December 23, 2016: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995063/integrity-of-the-arcuate-fasciculus-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-with-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-a-dti-tractography-study
#4
Marion Psomiades, Clara Fonteneau, Marine Mondino, David Luck, Frederic Haesebaert, Marie-Françoise Suaud-Chagny, Jerome Brunelin
Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) of schizophrenia are associated with a disrupted connectivity between frontal and temporoparietal language areas. We hypothesized that this dysconnectivity is underpinned by white matter abnormalities in the left arcuate fasciculus, the main fiber bundle connecting speech production and perception areas. We therefore investigated the relationship between AVH severity and the integrity of the arcuate fasciculus measured by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography in patients with schizophrenia...
2016: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987221/active-and-placebo-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-effects-on-external-and-internal-auditory-hallucinations-of-schizophrenia
#5
M-L Paillère-Martinot, A Galinowski, M Plaze, J Andoh, D Bartrés-Faz, F Bellivier, J-P Lefaucheur, D Rivière, T Gallarda, J-L Martinot, E Artiges
OBJECTIVE: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the left temporo-parietal region has been proposed as a treatment for resistant auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH), but which patients are more likely to benefit from rTMS is still unclear. This study sought to assess the effects of rTMS on AVH, with a focus on hallucination phenomenology. METHOD: Twenty-seven patients with schizophrenia and medication-resistant AVH participated to a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, add-on rTMS study...
December 16, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898489/inner-speech-and-clarity-of-self-concept-in-thought-disorder-and-auditory-verbal-hallucinations
#6
Paulo de Sousa, William Sellwood, Amy Spray, Charles Fernyhough, Richard P Bentall
Eighty patients and thirty controls were interviewed using one interview that promoted personal disclosure and another about everyday topics. Speech was scored using the Thought, Language and Communication scale (TLC). All participants completed the Self-Concept Clarity Scale (SCCS) and the Varieties of Inner Speech Questionnaire (VISQ). Patients scored lower than comparisons on the SCCS. Low scores were associated the disorganized dimension of TD. Patients also scored significantly higher on condensed and other people in inner speech, but not on dialogical or evaluative inner speech...
December 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890810/interaction-of-language-auditory-and-memory-brain-networks-in-auditory-verbal-hallucinations
#7
REVIEW
Branislava Ćurčić-Blake, Judith M Ford, Daniela Hubl, Natasza D Orlov, Iris E Sommer, Flavie Waters, Paul Allen, Renaud Jardri, Peter W Woodruff, Olivier David, Christoph Mulert, Todd S Woodward, André Aleman
Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) occur in psychotic disorders, but also as a symptom of other conditions and even in healthy people. Several current theories on the origin of AVH converge, with neuroimaging studies suggesting that the language, auditory and memory/limbic networks are of particular relevance. However, reconciliation of these theories with experimental evidence is missing. We review 50 studies investigating functional (EEG and fMRI) and anatomic (diffusion tensor imaging) connectivity in these networks, and explore the evidence supporting abnormal connectivity in these networks associated with AVH...
November 24, 2016: Progress in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866082/auditory-verbal-hallucinations-and-continuum-models-of-psychosis-a-systematic-review-of-the-healthy-voice-hearer-literature
#8
REVIEW
David Baumeister, Ottilie Sedgwick, Oliver Howes, Emmanuelle Peters
Recent decades have seen a surge of research interest in the phenomenon of healthy individuals who experience auditory verbal hallucinations, yet do not exhibit distress or need for care. The aims of the present systematic review are to provide a comprehensive overview of this research and examine how healthy voice-hearers may best be conceptualised in relation to the diagnostic versus 'quasi-' and 'fully-dimensional' continuum models of psychosis. A systematic literature search was conducted, resulting in a total of 398 article titles and abstracts that were scrutinised for appropriateness to the present objective...
February 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829870/the-intrasubjectivity-of-self-voices-and-delusions-a-phenomenological-analysis
#9
Cherise Rosen, Nev Jones, Kayla A Chase, Hannah Gin, Linda S Grossman, Rajiv P Sharma
To advance the area of phenomenology of voices and their interrelatedness to forms of delusions this study investigated the prevalence and interrelatedness of co-occurring auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) and delusions. Additionally we explored the characterization of distinct sub-categories/clusters of AVHs and delusions. Ninety-two participants experiencing psychosis were administered standardized clinical measures. We found a significant diagnostic difference with increased prevalence of co-occurring AVHs and delusions within the schizophrenia group compared to the bipolar with psychosis group...
2016: Psychosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815515/stigma-and-need-for-care-in-individuals-who-hear-voices
#10
REVIEW
Ruvanee P Vilhauer
BACKGROUND: Voice hearing experiences, or auditory verbal hallucinations, occur in healthy individuals as well as in individuals who need clinical care, but news media depict voice hearing primarily as a symptom of mental illness, particularly schizophrenia. AIMS: This article explores whether, and how, public perception of an exaggerated association between voice hearing and mental illness might influence individuals' need for clinical care. METHOD: A narrative literature review was conducted, using relevant peer-reviewed research published in the English language...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752826/psychopathological-and-demographic-characteristics-of-hallucinating-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-schizoaffective-disorder-an-analysis-based-on-amdp-data
#11
Christopher Baethge, Michaela Jänner, Wolfgang Gaebel, Jaroslav Malevani
Hallucinations are at the core of the diagnosis of schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders, and many neuroscience studies focus on hallucinations. However, there is a lack of data on prevalence, subtyping, and clinical correlates of hallucinations as well as on the comparison of hallucinating schizophrenia versus hallucinating schizoaffective patients. Analysis of all psychopathology evaluations is based on the AMDP scale in a German psychiatric university hospital between 2007 and 2013 regarding patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (diagnosed according to ICD-10)...
October 17, 2016: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744190/the-structural-connectivity-pathology-of-first-episode-schizophrenia-based-on-the-cardinal-symptom-of-auditory-verbal-hallucinations
#12
Yi-Bin Xi, Fan Guo, Hua Li, Xiao Chang, Jin-Bo Sun, Yuan-Qiang Zhu, Wen-Ming Liu, Long-Biao Cui, Gang Chen, Hua-Ning Wang, Hong Yin
Heterogeneous findings across studies of structural abnormality in schizophrenia (SZ) have impeded the development a unified theory of white matter pathology. As a cardinal symptom of SZ, auditory verbal hallucination (AVH) has been suspected to be associated with improper communication among several brain regions, which might indicated white matter pathology. Participants comprised 25 first-episode (FE) patients with AVH, 25 patients without AVH and 25 healthy subjects. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) measures were calculated using the TBSS of FSL...
September 28, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742234/brain-connectivity-and-auditory-hallucinations-in-search-of-novel-noninvasive-brain-stimulation-therapeutic-approaches-for-schizophrenia
#13
REVIEW
F Thomas, V Moulier, A Valéro-Cabré, D Januel
Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) are among the most characteristic symptoms of schizophrenia and have been linked to likely disturbances of structural and functional connectivity within frontal, temporal, parietal and subcortical networks involved in language and auditory functions. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has shown that alterations in the functional connectivity activity of the default-mode network (DMN) may also subtend hallucinations. Noninvasive neurostimulation techniques such as repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) have the ability to modulate activity of targeted cortical sites and their associated networks, showing a high potential for modulating altered connectivity subtending schizophrenia...
November 2016: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703759/auditory-verbal-hallucinations-in-first-episode-psychosis-a-phenomenological-investigation
#14
Rachel Upthegrove, Jonathan Ives, Matthew R Broome, Kimberly Caldwell, Stephen J Wood, Femi Oyebode
BACKGROUND: In dimensional understanding of psychosis, auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) are unitary phenomena present on a continuum from non-clinical voice hearing to severe mental illness. There is mixed evidence for this approach and a relative absence of research into subjective experience of AVH in early psychosis. AIMS: To conduct primary research into the nature of subjective experience of AVH in first-episode psychosis. METHOD: A phenomenological study using diary and photo-elicitation qualitative techniques investigating the subjective experience of AVH in 25 young people with first-episode psychosis...
January 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698407/relationship-between-neuroticism-childhood-trauma-and-cognitive-affective-responses-to-auditory-verbal-hallucinations
#15
Suzanne Ho-Wai So, Marieke J H Begemann, Xianmin Gong, Iris E Sommer
Neuroticism has been shown to adversely influence the development and outcome of psychosis. However, how this personality trait associates with the individual's responses to psychotic symptoms is less well known. Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) have been reported by patients with psychosis and non-clinical individuals. There is evidence that voice-hearers who are more distressed by and resistant against the voices, as well as those who appraise the voices as malevolent and powerful, have poorer outcome...
October 4, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690132/deficits-in-metaphor-but-not-in-idiomatic-processing-are-related-to-verbal-hallucinations-in-patients-with-psychosis
#16
Sara Siddi, Donatella Rita Petretto, Rosanna Scanu, Caterina Burrai, Antonella Baita, Pierfranco Trincas, Emanuela Trogu, Liliana Campus, Augusto Contu, Antonio Preti
There is scant evidence that the verbal cognitive deficits observed in patients with psychosis are related to auditory verbal hallucinations. The understanding of metaphors and idiomatic expressions was investigated in a cohort of 90 patients with active psychosis, and in 44 healthy controls. The Psychotic Symptom Rating Scales (PSYRATS: verbal hallucinations subscale) was used to measure the current verbal hallucinations episode; a subscore of the Launay-Slade Hallucination Scale was used to measure long-term propensity to auditory verbal hallucination-like experiences (HLEs) in the sample...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683568/impaired-self-monitoring-of-inner-speech-in-schizophrenia-patients-with-verbal-hallucinations-and-in-non-clinical-individuals-prone-to-hallucinations
#17
Gildas Brébion, Christian Stephan-Otto, Susana Ochoa, Mercedes Roca, Lourdes Nieto, Judith Usall
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that various memory errors reflecting failure in the self-monitoring of speech were associated with auditory/verbal hallucinations in schizophrenia patients and with proneness to hallucinations in non-clinical individuals. METHOD: We administered to 57 schizophrenia patients and 60 healthy participants a verbal memory task involving free recall and recognition of lists of words with different structures (high-frequency, low-frequency, and semantically organisable words)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650018/-hearing-voices-does-not-always-constitute-a-psychosis
#18
I E C Sommer, D W van der Spek
Hearing voices (i.e. auditory verbal hallucinations) is mainly known as part of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. However, hearing voices is a symptom that can occur in many psychiatric, neurological and general medical conditions. We present three cases of non-psychotic patients with auditory verbal hallucinations caused by different disorders. The first patient is a 74-year-old male with voices due to hearing loss, the second is a 20-year-old woman with voices due to traumatisation. The third patient is a 27-year-old woman with voices caused by temporal lobe epilepsy...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617046/a-neuropsychological-approach-to-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-and-thought-insertion-grounded-in-normal-voice-perception
#19
Johanna C Badcock
A neuropsychological perspective on auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) links key phenomenological features of the experience, such as voice location and identity, to functionally separable pathways in normal human audition. Although this auditory processing stream (APS) framework has proven valuable for integrating research on phenomenology with cognitive and neural accounts of hallucinatory experiences, it has not yet been applied to other symptoms presumed to be closely related to AVH - such as thought insertion (TI)...
2016: Review of Philosophy and Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617045/voices-and-thoughts-in-psychosis-an-introduction
#20
Sam Wilkinson, Ben Alderson-Day
In this introduction we present the orthodox account of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs), a number of worries for this account, and some potential responses open to its proponents. With some problems still remaining, we then introduce the problems presented by the phenomenon of thought insertion, in particular the question of how different it is supposed to be from AVHs. We then mention two ways in which theorists have adopted different approaches to voices and thoughts in psychosis, and then present the motivation and composition of this special issue...
2016: Review of Philosophy and Psychology
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