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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934831/pneumoretroperitoneum-pneumomediastinum-pneumothorax-and-subcutaneous-emphysema-after-diagnostic-colonoscopy
#1
Hee Sung Lee, Hwan Hee Park, Ju Seok Kim, Sun Hyung Kang, Hee Seok Moon, Jae Kyu Sung, Byung Seok Lee, Hyun Yong Jeong
Colonoscopy is a commonly performed endoscopic procedure. Although it is generally considered to be safe, serious complications, such as colorectal perforation, can occur. Most colonic perforations are intraperitoneal and cause pneumoperitoneum with acute abdominal pain as the initial symptom. However, extraperitoneal perforations with pneumoretroperitoneum may happen, albeit rarely, with atypical initial symptoms. We report a rare case of rectosigmoid perforation occurring after diagnostic colonoscopy that developed into pneumoretroperitoneum, pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, and subcutaneous emphysema, with a change in voice and neck swelling as the initial symptoms...
September 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934778/the-effect-of-early-use-of-supplemental-therapy-on-preventing-postherpetic-neuralgia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Xiu-Fang Xing, Zhen-Feng Zhou, Feng-Jiang Zhang, Min Yan
BACKGROUND: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is the most common and refractory complication of herpes zoster (HZ). Aggressive treatment of acute pain in HZ has the potential to prevent the development of PHN, but the preventive efficacy of supplemental therapy commonly used in clinical practice is controversial. OBJECTIVES: Our aim is to examine the efficacy of supplemental therapy in preventing PHN. STUDY DESIGN: A meta-analysis. SETTING: All of the selected studies are randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934613/acoustic-parameters-of-infant-directed-singing-in-mothers-of-infants-with-down-syndrome
#3
Shannon de l'Etoile, Samarth Behura, Cengiz Zopluoglu
This study compared the acoustic parameters and degree of perceived warmth in two types of infant-directed (ID) songs - the lullaby and the playsong - between mothers of infants with Down syndrome (DS) and mothers of typically-developing (TD) infants. Participants included mothers of 15 DS infants and 15 TD infants between 3 and 9 months of age. Each mother's singing voice was digitally recorded while singing to her infant and subjected to feature extraction and data mining. Mothers of DS infants and TD infants sang both lullabies and playsongs with similar frequency...
September 18, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933747/facilitators-of-physical-activity-voices-of-adolescents-in-a-disadvantaged-community
#4
Linus Jonsson, Christina Berg, Christel Larsson, Peter Korp, Eva-Carin Lindgren
Despite increasing socioeconomic inequalities in the health and well-being of adolescents, the voices of adolescents in disadvantaged communities regarding facilitators of physical activity (PA) have received relatively little attention. In response, the purpose of this study was to illuminate what adolescents in a multicultural community of low socioeconomic status (SES) in Sweden convey concerning facilitators of PA. Adolescents (n = 53, aged 12-13 years) were recruited from a school in a multicultural community of low SES in Sweden...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933047/the-right-touch-stroking-of-ct-innervated-skin-promotes-vocal-emotion-processing
#5
Annett Schirmer, Thomas C Gunter
Research has revealed a special mechanoreceptor, called C-tactile (CT) afferent, that is situated in hairy skin and that seems relevant for the processing of social touch. We pursued a possible role of this receptor in the perception of other social signals such as a person's voice. Participants completed three sessions in which they heard surprised and neutral vocal and nonvocal sounds and detected rare sound repetitions. In a given session, participants received no touch or soft brushstrokes to the arm (CT innervated) or palm (CT free)...
September 20, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931963/-when-you-re-a-baby-you-don-t-have-puberty-understanding-of-puberty-and-human-reproduction-in-late-childhood-and-early-adolescence
#6
Lisa B Hurwitz, Alexis R Lauricella, Brianna Hightower, Iris Sroka, Teresa K Woodruff, Ellen Wartella
Basic knowledge of human reproduction can help youth prepare for puberty and make later classes focused on advanced reproductive health topics manageable. With the intention of potentially informing the creation of learning materials, we conducted a needs assessment among children ages 7 to 12 in our suburban Chicago community to ascertain their current understanding of, and beliefs and misconceptions about, human reproduction, and to determine their needs for additional reproductive health education. We held qualitative focus group interviews with local children...
August 2017: Journal of Early Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931640/qualitative-study-of-burnout-career-satisfaction-and-well-being-among-us-neurologists-in-2016
#7
Janis M Miyasaki, Carol Rheaume, Lisa Gulya, Aviva Ellenstein, Heidi B Schwarz, Thomas R Vidic, Tait D Shanafelt, Terrence L Cascino, Chris M Keran, Neil A Busis
OBJECTIVE: To understand the experience and identify drivers and mitigating factors of burnout and well-being among US neurologists. METHODS: Inductive data analysis was applied to free text comments (n = 676) from the 2016 American Academy of Neurology survey of burnout, career satisfaction, and well-being. RESULTS: Respondents providing comments were significantly more likely to be older, owners/partners of their practice, solo practitioners, and compensated by production than those not commenting...
September 20, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931306/feeling-heard-and-not-judged-perspectives-on-substance-use-services-among-youth-formerly-in-foster-care
#8
Jordan M Braciszewski, Tanya B Tran, Roland S Moore, Beth C Bock, Golfo K Tzilos Wernette, Patricia Chamberlain, Robert L Stout, Adam Vose-O'Neal
Youth in foster care have limited access to substance use services for a variety of reasons. Attempts to unpack this health disparity have focused on foster care systems, administrators, providers, and foster parents. This study seeks to understand the perspectives of youth themselves, with the hope of understanding their experiences with and preferences for such services. Analyses of focus groups with youth who had recently left foster care suggested concrete and perceptual facilitators/barriers to treatment...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930706/giving-voice-to-the-voiceless-the-colorado-response-to-unrepresented-patients
#9
Deb Bennett-Woods, Jean Abbott, Jacqueline J Glover
Medical decision making on behalf of unrepresented patients is one of the most challenging ethical issues faced in clinical practice. The legal environment surrounding these patients is equally complex. This article describes the efforts of a small coalition of interested healthcare professionals to address the issue in Colorado. A brief history of the effort is presented, along with discussion of the legal, ethical, practical, and political dimensions that arose in Colorado's effort to address decision making for unrepresented patients through an extension of the existing Colorado Medical Treatment Decision Act (CRS 15-18)...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929946/egalitarian-from-homophile-to-helicophile-in-post-ww2-america
#10
Diederik F Janssen
The presidency of gender in the Anglo-American taxonomy of sexualities has historically been haunted by the irruption of "other" parameters of medicalization, censure and caesura, not in the least absolute and relative measures of age. Where today's clinical psychologists feel the need to age-specify adult homosexuality in such Hirschfeldian terms as androphilia, however, the felt need is indeed still essentially clinical. That cosmopolitan expressions such as homosexual, LGB or queer rarely require such specifications relies on a protracted and today arguably complete disarticulation of sex/gender and age/maturity as parameters of sexual orientation, accreditation and mobilization...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929557/survivors-perceptions-of-public-health-messages-during-an-ebola-crisis-in-liberia-and-sierra-leone-an-exploratory-study
#11
Patricia Schwerdtle, Veronique De Clerck, Virginia Plummer
The outbreak of Ebola virus disease in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone was the largest epidemic of Ebola ever recorded. The healthcare workforce was diminished and exhausted as the region emerged from civil war. Few qualitative, descriptive studies have been conducted to date that concentrate on the voices of Ebola survivors and their perceptions of health messages. In this study, we employed an interpretive, qualitative design to explore participant experiences. Twenty five survivors who had recovered from Ebola were recruited from three villages in Liberia and Sierra Leone in August 2015...
September 20, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929060/laser-assisted-double-layer-endoscopic-repair-of-laryngeal-clefts-our-experience-in-11-cases
#12
Danah Aljomah, Jaber Alshammari
Laryngeal cleft is a rare congenital malformation of the respiratory tract leading to a high level of morbidity and mortality, recently being diagnosed with increased frequency. Management throughout the years included medical and surgical. The open surgical technique is more commonly used although it has higher risk and need longer post-operative care. Recently surgical endoscopic repair was introduced using different techniques. To evaluate the clinical features of infants and children presenting with laryngeal clefts, and review endoscopic management modality especially the technique and results of repair using double-layer (2 layers) technique...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927659/socioeconomic-variables-of-patients-with-spasmodic-dysphonia-a-preliminary-study
#13
Ashley P O'Connell Ferster, Robert T Sataloff, Patricia A Shewokis, Amanda Hu
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To characterize socioeconomic status (SES) variables of spasmodic dysphonia (SD) patients and determine their impact on voice outcomes after treatment with botulinum toxin. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SD patients treated with botulinum toxin for the past 10 years (July 2007-July 2017) for whom sufficient SES and outcome data were available were included. Spearman rho nonparametric correlation coefficients were calculated to determine if SES variables were significantly associated with self-perceived vocal quality...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926749/the-use-of-care-robots-in-aged-care-a-systematic-review-of-argument-based-ethics-literature
#14
REVIEW
Tijs Vandemeulebroucke, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé, Chris Gastmans
BACKGROUND: As care robots become more commonplace in aged-care settings, the ethical debate on their use becomes increasingly important. Our objective was to examine the ethical arguments and underlying concepts used in the ethical debate on care robot use in aged care. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search for argument-based ethics publications focusing on care robot use in aged-care practices. We used an innovative methodology that consisted of three steps: (a) identifying conceptual-ethical questions, (b) conducting a literature search, and (c) identifying, describing and analyzing the ethical arguments in connection with the conceptual-ethical questions...
September 6, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926572/automatic-initial-and-final-segmentation-in-cleft-palate-speech-of-mandarin-speakers
#15
Ling He, Yin Liu, Heng Yin, Junpeng Zhang, Jing Zhang, Jiang Zhang
The speech unit segmentation is an important pre-processing step in the analysis of cleft palate speech. In Mandarin, one syllable is composed of two parts: initial and final. In cleft palate speech, the resonance disorders occur at the finals and the voiced initials, while the articulation disorders occur at the unvoiced initials. Thus, the initials and finals are the minimum speech units, which could reflect the characteristics of cleft palate speech disorders. In this work, an automatic initial/final segmentation method is proposed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925978/dental-environmental-noise-evaluation-and-health-risk-model-construction-to-dental-professionals
#16
Kuen Wai Ma, Hai Ming Wong, Cheuk Ming Mak
Occupational noise is unavoidably produced from dental equipment, building facilities, and human voices in the dental environment. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of occupational noise exposure on the dental professionals' health condition. The psychoacoustics approach noise exposure assessment followed by the health risk assessment was carried on at the paediatric dentistry clinic and the dental laboratory in the Prince Philip Dental Hospital of Hong Kong. The A-weighted equivalent sound level, total loudness, and sharpness values were statistically significantly higher for the noise at the laboratory than that at the clinic...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925418/mhealth-application-areas-and-technology-combinations-a-comparison-of-literature-from-high-and-low-middle-income-countries
#17
Haitham Abaza, Michael Marschollek
BACKGROUND: With the continuous and enormous spread of mobile technologies, mHealth has evolved as a new subfield of eHealth. While eHealth is broadly focused on information and communication technologies, mHealth seeks to explore more into mobile devices and wireless communication. Since mobile phone penetration has exceeded other infrastructure in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), mHealth is seen as a promising component to provide pervasive and patient-centered care. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our research work for this paper is to examine the mHealth literature to identify application areas, target diseases, and mHealth service and technology types that are most appropriate for LMICs...
August 8, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925286/vocal-function-exercises-for-normal-voice-the-effects-of-varying-dosage
#18
Maria Bane, Vrushali Angadi, Emily Dressler, Richard Andreatta, Joseph Stemple
PURPOSE: This study examined the effect of varying dosage of vocal function exercise (VFE) home practice on attainment of pre-established maximum phonation time (MPT) goals in individuals with normal voice. High dosage VFE practice was expected to result in greatest MPT. The overarching goal of this study was to contribute to a VFE dosage-response curve, potentially including a point of observable toxicity. METHOD: Twenty-eight females ages 18-25 with normal voice participated in this pre-post longitudinal group study...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924679/psycho-oncology-a-patient-s-view
#19
Patricia Garcia-Prieto
Culturally the most important, valued, and less stigmatized part of cancer care is the medical part: The surgeon cutting the tumors out and the oncologist leading the strategic decision-making of the medical treatments available. The least valued and stigmatized part of cancer remains the psychosocial care. This chapter describes-through the eyes of an academic, psychologist, stage IV melanoma patient, and patient advocate-how one patient navigated changing psycho-oncological needs from early stage-to-stage IV through a whole range of psychological interventions available...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923164/not-just-tea-and-biscuits-the-gold-coast-primary-health-network-process-of-designing-implementing-and-operating-a-community-advisory-council
#20
Jessica McClean, Kellie Trigger
Consumers are fast being acknowledged as a critical voice in the creation of sustainable health systems, and their ability and willingness to participate must be kept in mind by those eager to engage them. Federal health reform in Australia has mandated the formal involvement of communities in primary care through advisory committees in the newly established Primary Health Networks. Although there is clear progression towards increased consumer participation in Australia's health services, scope exists to improve the evidence base around identifying and implementing the most appropriate approach in different settings...
September 19, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
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