keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

voices

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805569/speech-voice-and-communication
#1
Julia A Johnson
Communication changes are an important feature of Parkinson's and include both motor and nonmotor features. This chapter will cover briefly the motor features affecting speech production and voice function before focusing on the nonmotor aspects. A description of the difficulties experienced by people with Parkinson's when trying to communicate effectively is presented along with some of the assessment tools and therapists' treatment options. The idea of clinical heterogeneity of PD and subtyping patients with different communication problems is explored and suggestions are made on how this may influence clinicians' treatment methods and choices so as to provide personalized therapy programmes...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805308/lymphocyte-profile-and-cytokine-mrna-expression-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-of-patients-with-recurrent-respiratory-papillomatosis-suggest-dysregulated-cytokine-mrna-response-and-impaired-cytotoxic-capacity
#2
Anna Holm, Olga Nagaeva, Ivan Nagaev, Christos Loizou, Göran Laurell, Lucia Mincheva-Nilsson, Karin Nylander, Katarina Olofsson
OBJECTIVES: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is a relatively rare, chronic disease caused by Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) 6 and 11, and characterized by wart-like lesions in the airway affecting voice and respiratory function. The majority of HPV infections are asymptomatic and resolve spontaneously, however, some individuals are afflicted with persistent HPV infections. Failure to eliminate HPV 6 and 11 due to a defect immune responsiveness to these specific genotypes is proposed to play a major role in the development of RRP...
August 14, 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805162/automated-telecommunication-interventions-to-promote-adherence-to-cardio-metabolic-medications-meta-analysis-of-effectiveness-and-meta-regression-of-behaviour-change-techniques
#3
Aikaterini Kassavou, Stephen Sutton
Automated telecommunication interventions, including short message service and interactive voice response, are increasingly being used to promote adherence to medications prescribed for cardio-metabolic conditions. This systematic review aimed to comprehensively assess the effectiveness of such interventions to support medication adherence, and to identify the Behaviour Change Techniques (BCTs) and other intervention characteristics that are positively associated with greater intervention effectiveness. Meta-analysis of 17 randomised controlled trials showed a small but statistically significant effect on medication adherence OR=1...
August 14, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804990/characterizing-the-experience-of-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-and-accompanying-delusions-in-individuals-with-a-diagnosis-of-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
L M Smith, L C Johns, Rlc Mitchell
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to inform ongoing attempts to identify clinically meaningful subcategories of auditory verbal hallucination (AVH), and to evaluate evidence that might pertain to the suitability of current psychological interventions for people with bipolar disorder (BD) who experience psychotic symptoms. METHODS: A comprehensive synthesis of findings on the phenomenology of AVH and delusions in BD is included, alongside a critical review of clinical and cognitive correlates...
August 14, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802816/safety-and-efficacy-of-an-8-week-regimen-of-grazoprevir-plus-ruzasvir-plus-uprifosbuvir-compared-with-grazoprevir-plus-elbasvir-plus-uprifosbuvir-in-participants-without-cirrhosis-infected-with-hepatitis-c-virus-genotypes-1-2-or-3-c-crest-1-and-c-crest-2-part
#5
Edward J Gane, Stephen Pianko, Stuart K Roberts, Alexander J Thompson, Stefan Zeuzem, Eli Zuckerman, Ziv Ben-Ari, Graham R Foster, Kosh Agarwal, Alex L Laursen, Jan Gerstoft, Wei Gao, Hsueh-Cheng Huang, Brian Fitzgerald, Doreen Fernsler, Jerry J Li, Anjana Grandhi, Hong Liu, Feng-Hsiu Su, Shuyan Wan, Zhen Zeng, Huei-Ling Chen, Frank J Dutko, Bach-Yen T Nguyen, Janice Wahl, Michael N Robertson, Eliav Barr, Wendy W Yeh, Rebeca M Plank, Joan R Butterton, Rafael Esteban
BACKGROUND: New hepatitis C virus (HCV) therapies with pan-genotypic efficacy are needed. The goals of part A of C-CREST-1 and C-CREST-2 were to compare the efficacies of two doses (300 mg or 450 mg once daily) of uprifosbuvir (MK-3682; NS5B inhibitor) in an 8-week regimen combined with grazoprevir (NS3/4A inhibitor; 100 mg once daily) and an NS5A inhibitor, either elbasvir (50 mg once daily) or ruzasvir (MK-8408; 60 mg once daily), and to evaluate the safety and tolerability of these combination regimens in individuals infected with genotypes 1, 2, or 3...
August 9, 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802814/safety-and-efficacy-of-a-fixed-dose-combination-regimen-of-grazoprevir-ruzasvir-and-uprifosbuvir-with-or-without-ribavirin-in-participants-with-and-without-cirrhosis-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-genotype-1-2-or-3-infection-c-crest-1-and-c-crest-2-part-b-two
#6
Eric Lawitz, Maria Buti, John M Vierling, Piero L Almasio, Savino Bruno, Peter J Ruane, Tarek I Hassanein, Beat Muellhaupt, Brian Pearlman, Ligita Jancoriene, Wei Gao, Hsueh-Cheng Huang, Aimee Shepherd, Brynne Tannenbaum, Doreen Fernsler, Jerry J Li, Anjana Grandhi, Hong Liu, Feng-Hsiu Su, Shuyan Wan, Frank J Dutko, Bach-Yen T Nguyen, Janice Wahl, Michael N Robertson, Eliav Barr, Wendy W Yeh, Rebeca M Plank, Joan R Butterton, Eric M Yoshida
BACKGROUND: There is a need for hepatitis C virus (HCV) therapies with excellent efficacy across genotypes and in diverse populations. Part A of the C-CREST-1 and C-CREST-2 trials led to the selection of a three-drug regimen of grazoprevir (MK-5172; an HCV NS3/4A protease inhibitor; 100 mg/day) plus ruzasvir (MK-8408; an NS5A inhibitor; 60 mg/day) plus uprifosbuvir (MK-3682; an HCV NS5B polymerase inhibitor; 450 mg/day). Part B of the studies tested this combination as a single formulation in different treatment durations in a broader population...
August 9, 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802788/auditory-perceptual-evaluation-of-dysphonia-a-comparison-between-narrow-and-broad-terminology-systems
#7
Jenny Iwarsson, Anne Bingen-Jakobsen, Ditte Søbæk Johansen, Inge Ernst Kølle, Solveig Gunvor Pedersen, Stine Løvind Thorsen, Niels Reinholt Petersen
OBJECTIVE: In auditory-perceptual voice analysis, a multiparameter approach and a more reductionist approach may be compared with narrow and broad phonetic transcription and used interchangeably, depending on the purpose. The aim of this study was to investigate the perspectives of a translation of the terminology used in the multiparameter Danish Dysphonia Assessment (DDA) approach into the five-parameter GRBAS system. METHODS: Voice samples illustrating type and grade of the voice qualities included in DDA were rated by five speech language pathologists using the GRBAS system with the aim of estimating inter- and intrarater reliability...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802787/reliability-and-validity-of-speech-evaluation-in-adductor-spasmodic-dysphonia
#8
Saori Yanagida, Noriko Nishizawa, Ryusaku Hashimoto, Kenji Mizoguchi, Hiromitsu Hatakeyama, Akihiro Homma, Satoshi Fukuda
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate speech in patients with adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD) by perceptual evaluations and acoustic measures, and to examine the reliability and validity of these measures. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with ADSD and 24 healthy volunteers were included in the study. Speech materials consisted of three sentences constructed from serial voiced syllables to elicit abductor voice breaks. Three otolaryngologists rated the degree of voice symptoms using a visual analog scale (VAS)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802769/electrophysiological-correlates-of-voice-memory-for-young-and-old-speakers-in-young-and-old-listeners
#9
Romi Zäske, Katharina Limbach, Dana Schneider, Verena G Skuk, Christian Dobel, Orlando Guntinas-Lichius, Stefan Robert Schweinberger
Faces of one's own-age group are easier to recognize than other-age faces. Using behavioural measures and EEG, we studied whether an own-age bias (OAB) also exists in voice memory. Young (19 - 26 years) and old (60 - 75 years) participants studied young (18 - 25 years) and old (60 - 77 years) unfamiliar voices from short sentences. Subsequently, they classified studied and novel voices as "old" (i.e. studied) or "new", from the same sentences. Recognition performance was higher in young compared to old participants, and for old compared to young voices, with no OAB...
August 9, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802393/paediatric-injection-medialisation-laryngoplasty-recent-great-ormond-street-hospital-experience
#10
K A Stephenson, L Cavalli, A Lambert, J Fleming, E Lawes, S Gupta, C G Jephson, L A Cochrane
INTRODUCTION: Unilateral vocal fold paresis may significantly impair the vocal quality and laryngeal competence of a child. Relatively little literature relates to injection medialisation laryngoplasty (IML) in children and previous reports have involved small numbers of heterogenous cases. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of paediatric patients managed by our multidisciplinary specialist voice clinic undergoing IML for unilateral vocal fold paresis...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801978/mindfulness-of-voices-self-compassion-and-secure-attachment-in-relation-to-the-experience-of-hearing-voices
#11
James Dudley, Catrin Eames, John Mulligan, Naomi Fisher
OBJECTIVES: Developing compassion towards oneself has been linked to improvement in many areas of psychological well-being, including psychosis. Furthermore, developing a non-judgemental, accepting way of relating to voices is associated with lower levels of distress for people who hear voices. These factors have also been associated with secure attachment. This study explores associations between the constructs of mindfulness of voices, self-compassion, and distress from hearing voices and how secure attachment style related to each of these variables...
August 12, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801402/reasons-for-non-adherence-to-cardiometabolic-medications-and-acceptability-of-an-interactive-voice-response-intervention-in-patients-with-hypertension-and-type-2-diabetes-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-study
#12
Aikaterini Kassavou, Stephen Sutton
OBJECTIVES: This study explored the reasons for patients' non-adherence to cardiometabolic medications, and tested the acceptability of the interactive voice response (IVR) as a way to address these reasons, and support patients, between primary care consultations. DESIGN, METHOD, PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: The study included face-to-face interviews with 19 patients with hypertension and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus, selected from primary care databases, and presumed to be non-adherent...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801317/responses-to-assisted-suicide-requests-an-interview-study-with-swiss-palliative-care-physicians
#13
Claudia Gamondi, Gian Domenico Borasio, Pam Oliver, Nancy Preston, Sheila Payne
OBJECTIVES: Assisted suicide in Switzerland is mainly performed by right-to-die societies. Medical involvement is limited to the prescription of the drug and certification of eligibility. Palliative care has traditionally been perceived as generally opposed to assisted suicide, but little is known about palliative care physicians' involvement in assisted suicide practices. This paper aims to describe their perspectives and involvement in assisted suicide practices. METHODS: A qualitative interview study was conducted with 23 palliative care physicians across Switzerland...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800333/pain-assessment-in-dementia-evaluation-of-a-point-of-care-technological-solution
#14
Mustafa Atee, Kreshnik Hoti, Richard Parsons, Jeffery D Hughes
Pain is common among people with moderate to severe dementia, but inability of patients to self-report means it often goes undetected and untreated. We developed the electronic Pain Assessment Tool (ePAT) to address this issue. A point-of-care App, it utilizes facial recognition technology to detect facial micro-expressions indicative of pain. ePAT also records the presence of pain-related behaviors under five additional domains (Voice, Movement, Behavior, Activity, and Body). In this observational study, we assessed the psychometric properties of ePAT compared to the Abbey Pain Scale (APS)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800221/graphene-paper-pressure-sensor-for-detecting-human-motions
#15
Lu-Qi Tao, Kun-Ning Zhang, He Tian, Ying Liu, Dan-Yang Wang, Yuan-Quan Chen, Yi Yang, Tian-Ling Ren
The pressure sensors should have an excellent sensitivity in the range of 0-20kPa when applied in wearable applications. Traditional pressure sensors can't achieve both a high sensitivity and a large working range simultaneously, which results to their limited applications in wearable fields. There is an urgent need to develop a pressure sensor to make a breakthrough in both sensitivity and working range. In this paper, a graphene-paper pressure sensor which shows excellent performance in the range of 0-20kPa is proposed...
August 11, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800194/a-comparison-of-two-endoscopic-posterior-cordotomy-techniques-laser-cordotomy-vs-diathermy-assisted-cordotomy
#16
Kerem Ozturk, Goksel Turhal, Isa Kaya, Abdulhalim Aysel, Murat Benzer, Pervin Korkmaz Ekren, Serdar Akyildiz
OBJECTIVES: To compare respiratory function, swallowing and voice quality of bilateral abductor vocal fold paralysis (BAVFP) patients undergoing laser and diathermy assisted posterior cordotomy. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary academic hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty patients were included in the study (Group 1 and 2, 15 patients each). Mean age was 53±14.27 years with a range of 31-78 years (12 (40%) male, 18 (60%) female)...
August 11, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799983/discrimination-of-voice-pitch-and-vocal-tract-length-in-cochlear-implant-users
#17
Etienne Gaudrain, Deniz Başkent
OBJECTIVES: When listening to two competing speakers, normal-hearing (NH) listeners can take advantage of voice differences between the speakers. Users of cochlear implants (CIs) have difficulty in perceiving speech on speech. Previous literature has indicated sensitivity to voice pitch (related to fundamental frequency, F0) to be poor among implant users, while sensitivity to vocal-tract length (VTL; related to the height of the speaker and formant frequencies), the other principal voice characteristic, has not been directly investigated in CIs...
August 9, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798131/pavlovian-conditioning-induced-hallucinations-result-from-overweighting-of-perceptual-priors
#18
A R Powers, C Mathys, P R Corlett
Some people hear voices that others do not, but only some of those people seek treatment. Using a Pavlovian learning task, we induced conditioned hallucinations in four groups of people who differed orthogonally in their voice-hearing and treatment-seeking statuses. People who hear voices were significantly more susceptible to the effect. Using functional neuroimaging and computational modeling of perception, we identified processes that differentiated voice-hearers from non-voice-hearers and treatment-seekers from non-treatment-seekers and characterized a brain circuit that mediated the conditioned hallucinations...
August 11, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797530/factors-affecting-voice-therapy-completion-in-singers
#19
Michelle Adessa, Tara Stadelman-Cohen, Lauryn Zipse, A J Guarino, James T Heaton
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine (a) which factors may affect singers' completing voice therapy, and (b) develop predictive profiles to capture those singers at risk for dropping out of voice therapy. STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study was conducted comparing singers who completed voice therapy to singers who dropped out of voice therapy. METHODS: Six factors, including age, gender, diagnosis, length of time between laryngology referral and commencement of therapy, type of singer, and referral source were investigated in relation to voice therapy completion using the medical records of 409 singers in the Massachusetts General Hospital Voice Center database...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797529/voice-specialized-speech-language-pathologist-s-criteria-for-discharge-from-voice-therapy
#20
Amanda I Gillespie, Jackie Gartner-Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: No standard protocol exists to determine when a patient is ready and able to be discharged from voice therapy. The aim of the present study was to determine what factors speech-language pathologists (SLPs) deem most important when discharging a patient from voice therapy. A second aim was to determine if responses differed based on years of voice experience. METHODS: Step 1: Seven voice-specialized SLPs generated a list of items thought to be relevant to voice therapy discharge...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
keyword
keyword
56643
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"