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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647889/viability-of-the-world-health-organization-quality-of-life-measure-to-assess-changes-in-quality-of-life-following-treatment-for-alcohol-use-disorder
#1
Megan Kirouac, Elizabeth R Stein, Matthew R Pearson, Katie Witkiewitz
PURPOSE: Quality of life is an outcome often examined in treatment research contexts such as biomedical trials, but has been studied less often in alcohol use disorder (AUD) treatment. The importance of considering QoL in substance use treatment research has recently been voiced, and measures of QoL have been administered in large AUD treatment trials. Yet, the viability of popular QoL measures has never been evaluated in AUD treatment samples. Accordingly, the present manuscript describes a psychometric examination of and prospective changes in the World Health Organization Quality of Life measure (WHOQOL-BREF) in a large sample (N = 1383) of patients with AUD recruited for the COMBINE Study...
June 24, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647431/temporal-segmentation-for-laryngeal-high-speed-videoendoscopy-in-connected-speech
#2
Maryam Naghibolhosseini, Dimitar D Deliyski, Stephanie R C Zacharias, Alessandro de Alarcon, Robert F Orlikoff
OBJECTIVE: This study proposes a gradient-based method for temporal segmentation of laryngeal high-speed videoendoscopy (HSV) data obtained during connected speech. METHODS: A custom-developed HSV system coupled with a flexible fiberoptic nasolaryngoscope was used to record one vocally normal female participant during reading of the "Rainbow Passage." A gradient-based algorithm was developed to generate a motion window. When applied to the HSV data, the motion window acted as a filter tracking the location of the vibrating vocal folds...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647430/determining-the-relevant-criteria-for-three-dimensional-vocal-tract-characterization
#3
Rebecca R Vos, Damian T Murphy, David M Howard, Helena Daffern
OBJECTIVE: Soprano singers face a number of specific challenges when singing vowels at high frequencies, due to the wide spacing of harmonics in the voice source. The varied and complex techniques used to overcome these are still not fully understood. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become increasingly popular in recent years for singing voice analysis. This study proposes a new protocol using three-dimensional MRI to investigate the articulatory parameters relevant to resonance tuning, a technique whereby singers alter their vocal tract to shift its resonances nearer to a voice source harmonic, increasing the amplitude of the sound produced...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647429/musculoskeletal-pain-and-voice-related-quality-of-life-in-dysphonic-and-non-dysphonic-subjects
#4
Ana Carolina Ramos, Rebeca Liaschi Floro, Vanessa Veis Ribeiro, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare and correlate musculoskeletal pain and voice-related quality of life of dysphonic and non-dysphonic individuals. METHOD: This is a retrospective case-control study. A total of 74 adults were divided into two groups: the experimental group (EG) comprising 37 individuals with vocal complaints and hyperfunctional dysphonia, and the control group (CG) comprising 37 individuals without vocal complaints and with healthy voices. Both groups presented similar gender and age (28 females and 9 males for each group; average age = 31...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647428/reproducibility-of-automated-voice-range-profiles-a-systematic-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Trine Printz, Tine Rosenberg, Christian Godballe, Anne-Kirstine Dyrvig, Ågot Møller Grøntved
OBJECTIVE: Reliable voice range profiles are of great importance when measuring effects and side effects from surgery affecting voice capacity. Automated recording systems are increasingly used, but the reproducibility of results is uncertain. Our objective was to identify and review the existing literature on test-retest accuracy of the automated voice range profile assessment. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, ComDisDome, Embase, and CINAHL (EBSCO)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646044/growing-the-veterinary-voice
#6
Adele Waters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 24, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645445/fundamental-frequency-and-formants-before-and-after-prolonged-voice-use-in-teachers
#7
Ariane Damasceno Pellicani, Alice Ramos Fontes, Francisco Flavio Santos, Aline Damasceno Pellicani, Lilian Neto Aguiar-Ricz
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe and correlate the fundamental frequency behavior and the first four formants before and after exposure to usual and routinely prolonged voice use from teachers with over 4 years of experience in teaching. STUDY DESIGN: The study design is observational and transversal with quantitative and descriptive evaluations. METHODS: A total of 28 female teachers were subjected to the Screening Index for Voice Disorder (SIVD) and to recordings of the sustained vowel /a/ before and after exposure to prolonged voice use...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643615/migrant-caregiving-for-family-members-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-an-ethnographic-study
#8
Eleanor Holroyd, Jed Montayre, Sienna Ramsey, Victoria Egli
BACKGROUND: Migrant families caring for family members with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) face considerable socioeconomic burden and isolation. AIM: To examine the cultural needs, beliefs and health seeking behaviours of migrant Turkish family member caregivers. DESIGN: An ethnographic approach was used employing in depth interviews. METHODS: Turkish caregivers residing in Melbourne, Australia were purposively sampled...
June 23, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643371/peer-reviewed-articles-on-inclusive-research-do-co-researchers-with-intellectual-disabilities-have-a-voice
#9
Iva Strnadová, Jan Walmsley
BACKGROUND: Inclusive research is increasingly common in intellectual disabilities research, but ways in which voice of co-researchers with intellectual disabilities is presented remain underexplored in the literature. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The authors conducted a literature review and analysis of peer-reviewed journal articles reporting on inclusive research. The aim was to explore the ways the voices of co-researchers with intellectual disabilities are represented in published peer-reviewed journal articles...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643110/refugee-children-s-sandplay-narratives-in-immigration-detention-in-canada
#10
Rachel Kronick, Cécile Rousseau, Janet Cleveland
Asylum seeking children arriving in Canada regularly face incarceration in medium-security-style immigration detention centres. Research demonstrates the human cost of detaining migrant children and families and the psychiatric burden linked with such imprisonment. This study aims to understand the lived experiences of children aged 3-13 held in detention. Informed by a qualitative methodology of narrative inquiry, child participants created worlds in the sand and generated stories to express their subjective experience...
June 22, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642241/give-a-voice-to-the-voiceless
#11
EDITORIAL
Kamran Abbasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640731/making-their-voices-heard
#12
Karen Norman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639980/improving-student-receptivity-to-abortion-care-education
#13
Pat Mahaffee Gingrich
Letting nursing students develop resilience in the presence of moral complexity improves compassionate patient care for women contemplating abortion. Nursing education needs to include quality materials on abortion care in order to create educated providers and citizens. Some students are resistant or conflicted about this topic. A preclass optional, anonymous survey allows students the opportunity to voice concerns about this sensitive topic and guides the instructor in designing class materials. Resulting classroom dialogue is less heated and more collegial, enabling students to examine and process this complex professional practice issue and practice navigating ethical dilemmas...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639708/young-infants-word-comprehension-given-an-unfamiliar-talker-or-altered-pronunciations
#14
Elika Bergelson, Daniel Swingley
To understand spoken words, listeners must appropriately interpret co-occurring talker characteristics and speech sound content. This ability was tested in 6- to 14-months-olds by measuring their looking to named food and body part images. In the new talker condition (n = 90), pictures were named by an unfamiliar voice; in the mispronunciation condition (n = 98), infants' mothers "mispronounced" the words (e.g., nazz for nose). Six- to 7-month-olds fixated target images above chance across conditions, understanding novel talkers, and mothers' phonologically deviant speech equally...
June 22, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639545/nursing-leadership-in-home-and-community-care-an-introduction
#15
Gail Donner
There is agreement across all provinces that there is transformation needed in the area of home and community care. Yet, where is the collective voice of nurse leaders in this transformation? The guest editor calls on nurses to respond to this unique opportunity to shape the transformation of our health system, and improve care for patients and their caregivers.
2017: Nursing Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638952/assessing-the-impact-and-effectiveness-of-hearing-voices-network-self-help-groups
#16
Eleanor Longden, John Read, Jacqui Dillon
The Hearing Voices Network (HVN) is an influential service-user led organisation that promotes self-help as an important aspect of recovery. This study presents the first systematic assessment of the impact and effectiveness of HVN self-help groups. A customized 45-item questionnaire, the Hearing Voices Groups Survey, was sent to 62 groups affiliated with the English HVN. 101 responses were received. Group attendance was credited with a range of positive emotional, social and clinical outcomes. Aspects that were particularly valued included: opportunities to meet other voice hearers, provision of support that was unavailable elsewhere, and the group being a safe and confidential place to discuss difficult issues...
June 21, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638330/flat-vs-expressive-storytelling-young-children-s-learning-and-retention-of-a-social-robot-s-narrative
#17
Jacqueline M Kory Westlund, Sooyeon Jeong, Hae W Park, Samuel Ronfard, Aradhana Adhikari, Paul L Harris, David DeSteno, Cynthia L Breazeal
Prior research with preschool children has established that dialogic or active book reading is an effective method for expanding young children's vocabulary. In this exploratory study, we asked whether similar benefits are observed when a robot engages in dialogic reading with preschoolers. Given the established effectiveness of active reading, we also asked whether this effectiveness was critically dependent on the expressive characteristics of the robot. For approximately half the children, the robot's active reading was expressive; the robot's voice included a wide range of intonation and emotion (Expressive)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638295/eagle-syndrome-secondary-to-osteoradionecrosis-of-the-styloid-process
#18
Anna K Bareiss, David Z Cai, Amit S Patel, Brian A Moore
BACKGROUND: Eagle syndrome is a rare condition caused by elongation of the styloid process or ossification of the stylohyoid ligament. The symptomatology can be vague but may include dysphagia, odynophagia, otalgia, foreign body sensation, facial pain, trismus, headache, tinnitus, increased salivation, and/or voice changes. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 58-year-old male believed to have acquired Eagle syndrome secondary to osteoradionecrosis of the styloid process following radiation therapy used as adjuvant treatment for a surgically resected pT2N1M0 squamous cell carcinoma of the right tonsil...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636667/voice-over-audio-visual-congruency-and-content-recall-in-the-gallery-setting
#19
Merle T Fairhurst, Minnie Scott, Ophelia Deroy
Experimental research has shown that pairs of stimuli which are congruent and assumed to 'go together' are recalled more effectively than an item presented in isolation. Will this multisensory memory benefit occur when stimuli are richer and longer, in an ecological setting? In the present study, we focused on an everyday situation of audio-visual learning and manipulated the relationship between audio guide tracks and viewed portraits in the galleries of the Tate Britain. By varying the gender and narrative style of the voice-over, we examined how the perceived congruency and assumed unity of the audio guide track with painted portraits affected subsequent recall...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635469/brexit-alliance-will-be-voice-of-healthcare
#20
(no author information available yet)
An alliance has been set up to put healthcare at the heart of Brexit negotiations.
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
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