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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110473/how-presentation-of-drug-detection-results-changed-reports-of-product-adherence-in-south-africa-uganda-and-zimbabwe
#1
Petina Musara, Elizabeth T Montgomery, Nyaradzo M Mgodi, Kubashni Woeber, Carolyne A Akello, Miriam Hartmann, Helen Cheng, Lisa Levy, Ariana Katz, Cynthia I Grossman, Z Mike Chirenje, Ariane van der Straten, Barbara Mensch
Accurate estimates of study product use are critical to understanding and addressing adherence challenges in HIV prevention trials. The VOICE trial exposed a significant gap between self-reported adherence and drug detection. The VOICE-D qualitative study was designed to better understand non-adherence during VOICE, and was conducted in 2 stages: before (stage 1) and after (stage 2) drug detection results were provided to participants. Transcripts from 44 women who participated in both stages were analysed to understand the effect of presenting drug detection data on narratives of product use...
January 21, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110113/a-photo-voice-perspective-on-factors-contributing-to-the-resilience-of-hiv-positive-yoruba-adolescent-girls-in-nigeria
#2
Catherine O Adegoke, Miemsie G Steyn
There is a growing discourse worldwide on the impact of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) on "at risk youths". In response, five HIV-positive Nigerian adolescent girls were qualitatively investigated in collaboration with a non-governmental organisation (NGO) in Ibadan, an urban settlement in Nigeria in 2013. Using a secondary data analysis from a photo voice component of the research, combined with narratives, we show that participants possess the capacity to overcome their adversities from the effects of HIV infection and remain resilient...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109943/regional-ventilation-during-phonation-in-professional-male-and-female-singers
#3
Louisa Traser, Jana Knab, Matthias Echternach, Hannah Fuhrer, Bernhard Richter, Hartmut Buerkle, Stefan Schumann
The respiratory system is a central part of voice production, but details in breath control during phonation are not yet fully understood. This study therefore aims to investigate regional ventilation of the lungs during phonation. It was analyzed in 11 professional singers using electrical impedance tomography during breathing and phonation with maximum phonation time. Our results show differences in impedance changes between phonation and exhalation in the courses of time and amplitude normalized curves. Furthermore, differences related to gender and professionalism were found in the temporal and spatial profiles of regional ventilation...
January 18, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108152/vocal-symptoms-and-voice-quality-in-children-with-allergy-and-asthma
#4
Emma Kallvik, Johannes Savolainen, Susanna Simberg
OBJECTIVES: The background for dysphonia is multifactorial, and health-related factors have been listed among the factors affecting voice. In previous studies with adult participants, allergy and asthma have been indicated to have a connection to vocal symptoms. With the majority of previous research being studies involving adult participants, it is unclear what the effect of allergy and asthma on children's voices is. The aim of this study was to investigate if allergies and asthma are risk factors for having vocal symptoms...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107611/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-singing-voice-handicap-index-into-polish
#5
Ewelina M Sielska-Badurek, Maria Sobol, Anna Cioch, Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz, Anna M Rzepakowska, Kazimierz Niemczyk
OBJECTIVE: To translate and adapt the original SVHI for the Polish population and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Polish SVHI version, such as internal consistency, reliability and construct validity in different groups of dysphonic singers. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case-control study. SETTING: Patients treated at a single institute. PARTICIPANTS: 60 singers with voice disorders and 57 healthy singers completed the Singing Voice Handicap Index (SVHI) and the Voice Handicap Index (VHI)...
January 20, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106553/attitudes-toward-potential-participant-registries
#6
Joshua D Grill, Andrew Holbrook, Aimee Pierce, Dan Hoang, Daniel L Gillen
Difficult participant recruitment is a consistent barrier to successful medical research. Potential participant registries represent an increasingly common intervention to overcome this barrier. A variety of models for registries exist, but few data are available to instruct their design and implementation. To provide such data, we surveyed 110 cognitively normal research participants enrolled in a longitudinal study of aging and dementia. Seventy-four (67%) individuals participated in the study. Most (78%, CI: 0...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106516/rural-end-of-life-care-from-the-experiences-and-perspectives-of-patients-and-family-caregivers-a-systematic-literature-review
#7
Suzanne Rainsford, Roderick D MacLeod, Nicholas J Glasgow, Christine B Phillips, Robert B Wiles, Donna M Wilson
BACKGROUND: End-of-life care must be relevant to the dying person and their family caregiver regardless of where they live. Rural areas are distinct and need special consideration. Gaining end-of-life care experiences and perspectives of rural patients and their family caregivers is needed to ensure optimal rural care. AIMS: To describe end-of-life care experiences and perspectives of rural patients and their family caregivers, to identify facilitators and barriers to receiving end-of-life care in rural/remote settings and to describe the influence of rural place and culture on end-of-life care experiences...
January 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105659/effect-of-intralaryngeal-muscle-synkinesis-on-perception-of-voice-handicap-in-patients-with-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis
#8
R Jun Lin, Michael C Munin, Clark A Rosen, Libby J Smith
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Intralaryngeal muscle synkinesis associated with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) is thought to preserve thyroarytenoid-lateral cricoarytenoid muscle complex tone, resulting in a better voice despite the presence of vocal fold paralysis (VFP). This study compares voice handicap in patients with unilateral VFP (UVFP) with and without evidence of adductory synkinesis on laryngeal electromyography (LEMG). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of LEMG data and Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10) scores of patients diagnosed with permanent UVFP...
January 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104000/-a-brief-investigation-on-gu-dehua-a-female-healer-from-wuzhong-in-the-qing-dynasty
#9
Z K Lin, W J Song
The female healer is a special community in traditional Chinese medical professionals. Since the Song-Yuan Dynasties, although the literati class holding the social voices and the male healers acting as medical orthodoxy were always suspicious of the female healers' behaviors and their medical morality, and tarnished their images through all kinds of media. Meanwhile, the female healers were still badly needed on the account of recognition of distinction between sexes between both sexes due to the rising of neo-Confucianism...
September 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103563/effective-glottal-instant-detection-and-electroglottographic-parameter-extraction-for-automated-voice-pathology-assessment
#10
Pranav Deshpande, M Sabarimalai Manikandan
Accurate determination of glottal instants and electroglottographic (EGG) parameters is most important in voice pathology analysis including multiple voice disorders: neurological, functional, and laryngeal diseases. In this paper, we present a new effective method for reliable detection of glottal instants and EGG parameters from an EGG signal composed of voiced and non-voice segments. In the first stage, we present an adaptive variational mode decomposition (aVMD) based algorithm for suppressing low-frequency artifacts and additive high-frequency noises...
January 17, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103545/a-multimodal-speech-capture-system-for-speech-rehabilitation-and-learning
#11
Nordine Sebkhi, Dhyey Desai, Mohammad Islam, Jun Lu, Kimberly Wilson, Maysam Ghovanloo
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are trained to correct articulation of people diagnosed with motor speech disorders by analyzing articulators' motion and assessing speech outcome while patients speak. To assist SLPs in this task, we are presenting the Multimodal Speech Capture System (MSCS) that records and displays kinematics of key speech articulators, the tongue and lips, along with voice, using unobtrusive methods. Collected speech modalities, tongue motion, lips gestures, and voice, are visualized not only in real-time to provide patients with instant feedback but also offline to allow SLPs to perform post-analysis of articulators' motion, particularly the tongue, with its prominent but hardly visible role in articulation...
January 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102014/phonetic-analysis-during-treatment-with-rapid-maxillary-expander
#12
E Biondi, A Bandini, L Lombardo, S Orlandi, G Siciliani, C Manfredi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate possible changes and/or device-related impairments in phonetic habits produced by rapid maxillary expansion (RME). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients scheduled for RME were divided into two groups: Group A (banded two-arm Hyrax) and Group B (banded four-arm Hyrax). Speech samples were collected at six time points, before, during and after RME removal. Acoustical analysis was performed using PRAAT and BioVoice analysis tools. Ten volunteers completed a questionnaire on the acceptability of patient's speech...
February 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101650/speech-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease-early-diagnostics-and-effects-of-medication-and-brain-stimulation
#13
REVIEW
L Brabenec, J Mekyska, Z Galaz, Irena Rektorova
Hypokinetic dysarthria (HD) occurs in 90% of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. It manifests specifically in the areas of articulation, phonation, prosody, speech fluency, and faciokinesis. We aimed to systematically review papers on HD in PD with a special focus on (1) early PD diagnosis and monitoring of the disease progression using acoustic voice and speech analysis, and (2) functional imaging studies exploring neural correlates of HD in PD, and (3) clinical studies using acoustic analysis to evaluate effects of dopaminergic medication and brain stimulation...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100072/trial-vocal-fold-injection-predicts-thyroplasty-outcomes-in-nonparalytic-glottic-incompetence
#14
Lukas D Dumberger, Lewis Overton, Robert A Buckmire, Rupali N Shah
OBJECTIVES: Trial vocal fold injection (TVFI) may be used prior to permanent medialization when voice outcome is uncertain. We aimed to determine whether voice outcomes of TVFI are predictive of, or correlate with outcomes after type I Gore-Tex medialization thyroplasty (GMT) in patients with nonparalytic glottic incompetence (GI). METHODS: Thirty-five patients with nonparalytic GI who underwent TVFI followed by GMT were retrospectively reviewed. Change in voice-related quality of life (VRQOL) after TVFI was compared to change in VRQOL 3 to 9 months after GMT...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099887/comparative-proteomics-of-paired-vocal-fold-and-oral-mucosa-fibroblasts
#15
Michael Karbiener, Barbara Darnhofer, Marie-Therese Frisch, Beate Rinner, Ruth Birner-Gruenberger, Markus Gugatschka
: Injuries of the vocal folds frequently heal with scar formation, which can have lifelong detrimental impact on voice quality. Current treatments to prevent or resolve scars of the vocal fold mucosa are highly unsatisfactory. In contrast, the adjacent oral mucosa is mostly resistant to scarring. These differences in healing tendency might relate to distinct properties of the fibroblasts populating oral and vocal fold mucosae. We thus established the in vitro cultivation of paired, near-primary vocal fold fibroblasts (VFF) and oral mucosa fibroblasts (OMF) to perform a basic cellular characterization and comparative cellular proteomics...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099052/mhealth-intervention-elements-and-user-characteristics-determine-utility-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#16
Lyndsay A Nelson, Shelagh A Mulvaney, Kevin B Johnson, Chandra Y Osborn
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) interventions are improving the medication adherence of adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but few studies examine how users experience these interventions. Therefore, we used a mixed-methods approach to understand how T2DM users experience a text messaging and interactive voice response (IVR)-delivered medication adherence intervention called MEssaging for Diabetes (MED). METHODS: Adults with T2DM used MED as part of a 3-month pilot study...
January 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098522/mcgurk-effect-in-gender-identification-vision-trumps-audition-in-voice-judgments
#17
Zehra F Peynircioǧlu, William Brent, Joshua R Tatz, Jordan Wyatt
Demonstrations of non-speech McGurk effects are rare, mostly limited to emotion identification, and sometimes not considered true analogues. We presented videos of males and females singing a single syllable on the same pitch and asked participants to indicate the true range of the voice-soprano, alto, tenor, or bass. For one group of participants, the gender shown on the video matched the gender of the voice heard, and for the other group they were mismatched. Soprano or alto responses were interpreted as "female voice" decisions and tenor or bass responses as "male voice" decisions...
January 2017: Journal of General Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098500/exploring-black-college-females-perceptions-regarding-hiv-prevention-message-content
#18
Rasheeta Chandler-Coley, Henry Ross, Oluwatobi Ozoya, Celia Lescano, Timothy Flannigan
Media messages can facilitate the delivery of accurate information related to HIV and sexually transmitted infection. This study's purpose was to examine preexisting media campaigns from the iMPPACS study to assess age-, gender-, and culturally appropriate components identified by African American females who attend historically Black colleges/universities. In 3 separate focus group sessions, 31 Black female college students (M age = 20) viewed 4 vignettes and heard 3 audio-only clips, then ranked and commented on them based on perceived satisfaction with HIV prevention content and appropriateness of delivery...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098054/long-term-esophageal-motility-changes-after-thyroidectomy-associations-with-aerodigestive-disorders
#19
G Scerrino, A Inviati, S Di Giovanni, N C Paladino, S Di Giovanni, N C Paladino, V Di Paola, C Raspanti, G I Melfa, F Cupido, S Mazzola, C Porrello, S Bonventre, G Gullotta
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing thyroidectomy often complain aerodigestive disorders. In a previous study we showed the associations between voice impairment and proximal acid reflux, swallowing impairment and Upper Esophageal Sphyncter (UES) incoordination and the decrease in UES pressure in thirty-six patients observed before and soon afterwards uncomplicated thyroidectomy. This study investigated the state of post-thyroidectomy esophageal motility changes and its associations with these disorders after 18-24 months...
September 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097505/support-for-context-effects-on-segmentation-and-segments-depends-on-the-context
#20
Christopher C Heffner, Rochelle S Newman, William J Idsardi
Listeners must adapt to differences in speech rate across talkers and situations. Speech rate adaptation effects are strong for adjacent syllables (i.e., proximal syllables). For studies that have assessed adaptation effects on speech rate information more than one syllable removed from a point of ambiguity in speech (i.e., distal syllables), the difference in strength between different types of ambiguity is stark. Studies of word segmentation have shown large shifts in perception as a result of distal rate manipulations, while studies of segmental perception have shown only weak, or even nonexistent, effects...
January 17, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
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