keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

lipid modification and sequencing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209172/evaluation-of-the-contribution-of-the-transmembrane-region-to-the-ectodomain-conformation-of-the-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-1-envelope-glycoprotein
#1
Hanh T Nguyen, Navid Madani, Haitao Ding, Emerald Elder, Amy Princiotto, Christopher Gu, Patrice Darby, James Alin, Alon Herschhorn, John C Kappes, Youdong Mao, Joseph G Sodroski
BACKGROUND: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) envelope glycoprotein (Env), a Type 1 transmembrane protein, assembles into a trimeric spike complex that mediates virus entry into host cells. The high potential energy of the metastable, unliganded Env trimer is maintained by multiple non-covalent contacts among the gp120 exterior and gp41 transmembrane Env subunits. Structural studies suggest that the gp41 transmembrane region forms a left-handed coiled coil that contributes to the Env trimer interprotomer contacts...
February 16, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207798/altered-hepatic-lipid-metabolism-in-mice-lacking-both-the-melanocortin-type-4-receptor-and-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor
#2
Vera Lede, Andrej Meusel, Antje Garten, Yulia Popkova, Melanie Penke, Christin Franke, Albert Ricken, Angela Schulz, Wieland Kiess, Daniel Huster, Torsten Schöneberg, Jürgen Schiller
Obesity is often associated with dyslipidemia and hepatosteatosis. A number of animal models of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are established but they significantly differ in the molecular and biochemical changes depending on the genetic modification and diet used. Mice deficient for melanocortin type 4 receptor (Mc4rmut) develop hyperphagia, obesity, and subsequently NAFLD already under regular chow and resemble more closely the energy supply-driven obesity found in humans. This animal model was used to assess the molecular and biochemical consequences of hyperphagia-induced obesity on hepatic lipid metabolism...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130120/trifluoroacetylated-tyrosine-rich-d-tetrapeptides-have-potent-antioxidant-activity
#3
Annamaria Sandomenico, Valeria Severino, Fabio Apone, Adriana De Lucia, Andrea Caporale, Nunzianna Doti, Anna Russo, Rosita Russo, Camilla Rega, Tiziana Del Giacco, Lucia Falcigno, Menotti Ruvo, Angela Chambery
The term "oxidative stress" indicates a set of chemical reactions unleashed by a disparate number of events inducing DNA damage, lipid peroxidation, protein modification and other effects, which are responsible of altering the physiological status of cells or tissues. Excessive Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) levels may accelerate ageing of tissues or induce damage of biomolecules thus promoting cell death or proliferation in dependence of cell status and of targeted molecules. In this context, new antioxidants preventing such effects may have a relevant role as modulators of cell homeostasis and as therapeutic agents...
January 24, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122677/colistin-and-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-oxytoca-harboring-blavim-2-and-an-insertion-in-the-mgrb-gene-isolated-from-blood-culture
#4
Michaela Simon, Holger Melzl, Andreas Hiergeist, Katharina Richert, Linda Falgenhauer, Yvonne Pfeifer, Roman G Gerlach, Kornelius Fuchs, Udo Reischl, André Gessner, Jonathan Jantsch
A carbapenemase-producing colistin-resistant Klebsiella oxytoca isolate was recovered from a blood culture of a female patient without previous report of risk factors to obtain multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli. A combination of biochemical and molecular methods was used to identify the resistance mechanism of this isolate. Carbapenemase production was mediated by Verona integron-encoded metallo-β-lactamase (VIM)-2. Colistin resistance was not due to plasmid- borne mcr-1 gene, but we found an integration of IS5-like sequence in the mgrB gene of K...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114274/akt3-is-a-privileged-first-responder-in-isozyme-specific-electrophile-response
#5
Marcus J C Long, Saba Parvez, Yi Zhao, Sanjna L Surya, Yiran Wang, Sheng Zhang, Yimon Aye
Isozyme-specific post-translational regulation fine tunes signaling events. However, redundancy in sequence or activity renders links between isozyme-specific modifications and downstream functions uncertain. Methods to study this phenomenon are underdeveloped. Here we use a redox-targeting screen to reveal that Akt3 is a first-responding isozyme sensing native electrophilic lipids. Electrophile modification of Akt3 modulated downstream pathway responses in cells and Danio rerio (zebrafish) and markedly differed from Akt2-specific oxidative regulation...
March 2017: Nature Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000567/analysis-and-prediction-of-myristoylation-sites-using-the-mrmr-method-the-ifs-method-and-an-extreme-learning-machine-algorithm
#6
ShaoPeng Wang, Yu-Hang Zhang, Guohua Huang, Lei Chen, Yu-Dong Cai
Myristoylation is an important hydrophobic post-translational modificationthat is covalently bound tothe amino group of Gly residueson the N-terminus of proteins. The many diversefunctions of myristoylation on proteins,such as membrane targeting, signal pathway regulation and apoptosis,are largely due to the lipid modification,whereasabnormal or irregular myristoylation on proteins can lead to several pathological changes in the cell. To better understand the function o fmyristoylated sites and to correctly identify them in protein sequences, this study conducted a novel investigation of myristoylation sites...
December 20, 2016: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988885/lipid-metabolites-in-seeds-of-diverse-gossypium-accessions-molecular-identification-of-a-high-oleic-mutant-allele
#7
Drew Sturtevant, Patrick Horn, Christopher Kennedy, Lori Hinze, Richard Percy, Kent Chapman
Genetically diverse cottonseeds show altered compositions and spatial distributions of phosphatidylcholines and triacylglycerols. Lipidomics profiling led to the discovery of a novel FAD2 - 1 allele, fad2 - 1D - 1 , resulting in a high oleic phenotype. The domestication and breeding of cotton for elite, high-fiber cultivars have led to reduced variation of seed constituents within currently cultivated upland cotton genotypes. However, a recent screen of the genetically diverse U.S. National Cotton Germplasm Collection identified Gossypium accessions with marked differences in seed oil and protein content...
December 17, 2016: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930681/transcriptomic-changes-in-liver-of-young-bulls-caused-by-diets-low-in-mineral-and-protein-contents-and-supplemented-with-n-3-fatty-acids-and-conjugated-linoleic-acid
#8
Sara Pegolo, Alessio Cecchinato, Núria Mach, Massimiliano Babbucci, Marianna Pauletto, Luca Bargelloni, Stefano Schiavon, Giovanni Bittante
The aim of the present study was to identify transcriptional modifications and regulatory networks accounting for physiological and metabolic responses to specific nutrients in the liver of young Belgian Blue × Holstein bulls using RNA-sequencing. A larger trial has been carried out in which animals were fed with different diets: 1] a conventional diet; 2] a low-protein/low-mineral diet (low-impact diet) and 3] a diet enriched in n-3 fatty acids (FAs), conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and vitamin E (nutraceutical diet)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899336/complete-genome-sequence-of-stenotrophomonas-sp-kacc-91585-an-efficient-bacterium-for-unsaturated-fatty-acid-hydration
#9
Kyoung-Rok Kim, Woo-Ri Kang, Deok-Kun Oh
Hydroxy fatty acids (HFAs) such as 10-hydroxystearic acid (10-HSA) and 10-hydroxy-12(Z)-octadecenoic acid (10-HOD), which are similar to ricinoleic acid, are important starting materials and intermediates for the industrial manufacture of many commodities. Stenotrophomonas sp. KACC 91585, which was isolated from lake sediment, is an efficient bacterium for unsaturated fatty acid hydration that produces 10-HSA and 10-HOD from oleic acid and linoleic acid, respectively, with high conversion rates. The complete genome of this strain is 4,541,729bp with 63...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870114/the-molecular-genetics-of-autosomal-recessive-nonsyndromic-intellectual-disability-a-mutational-continuum-and-future-recommendations
#10
REVIEW
Muzammil Ahmad Khan, Saadullah Khan, Christian Windpassinger, Muhammad Badar, Zafar Nawaz, Ramzi M Mohammad
Intellectual disability (ID) is a clinical manifestation of the central nervous system without any major dysmorphologies of the brain. Biologically it affects learning capabilities, memory, and cognitive functioning. The basic defining features of ID are characterized by IQ<70, age of onset before 18 years, and impairment of at least two of the adaptive skills. Clinically it is classified in a syndromic (with additional abnormalities) and a nonsyndromic form (with only cognitive impairment). The study of nonsyndromic intellectual disability (NSID) can best explain the pathophysiology of cognition, intelligence and memory...
November 2016: Annals of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867388/transcriptomic-changes-of-drought-tolerant-and-sensitive-banana-cultivars-exposed-to-drought-stress
#11
Muthusamy Muthusamy, Subbaraya Uma, Suthanthiram Backiyarani, Marimuthu Somasundaram Saraswathi, Arumugam Chandrasekar
In banana, drought responsive gene expression profiles of drought-tolerant and sensitive genotypes remain largely unexplored. In this research, the transcriptome of drought-tolerant banana cultivar (Saba, ABB genome) and sensitive cultivar (Grand Naine, AAA genome) was monitored using mRNA-Seq under control and drought stress condition. A total of 162.36 million reads from tolerant and 126.58 million reads from sensitive libraries were produced and mapped onto the Musa acuminata genome sequence and assembled into 23,096 and 23,079 unigenes...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860427/the-role-of-adipoq-methylation-in-experimental-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#12
Wen Ji Chen, Bing Cai, Hui Ting Chen, Chuang Yu Cao, Yan Lei Du, Yu Yuan Li, Yu Qiang Nie, Yong Jian Zhou
AIM: To investigate the role of adiponectin gene (ADIPOQ) DNA methylation and curcumin in the intervention of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into three groups: normal, NAFLD and curcumin groups. The genetic and epigenetic features of each rat were tested. RT-PCR and western blot were used to quantify the ADIPOQ mRNA and protein level respectively. Bisulfite sequencing PCR (BSP) was used to detect the extent of methylation in rat livers...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858497/high-fat-diet-and-exercise-lead-to-a-disrupted-and-pathogenic-dna-methylome-in-mouse-liver
#13
Dan Zhou, Ryan A Hlady, Marissa J Schafer, Thomas A White, Chen Liu, Jeong-Hyeon Choi, Jordan D Miller, Lewis R Roberts, Nathan K LeBrasseur, Keith D Robertson
High-fat diet consumption and sedentary lifestyle elevates risk for obesity, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and cancer. Exercise training conveys health benefits in populations with or without these chronic conditions. Diet and exercise regulate gene expression by mediating epigenetic mechanisms in many tissues; however, such effects are poorly documented in the liver, a central metabolic organ. To dissect the consequences of diet and exercise on the liver epigenome, we measured DNA methylation, using reduced representation bisulfite sequencing, and transcription, using RNA-seq, in mice maintained on a fast food diet with sedentary lifestyle or exercise, compared with control diet with and without exercise...
January 2, 2017: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806444/engineering-specific-chemical-modification-sites-into-a-collagen-like-protein-from-streptococcus-pyogenes
#14
Violet Stoichevska, Yong Y Peng, Aditya V Vashi, Jerome A Werkmeister, Geoff J Dumsday, John A M Ramshaw
Recombinant bacterial collagens provide a new opportunity for safe biomedical materials. They are readily expressed in Escherichia coli in good yield and can be readily purified by simple approaches. However, recombinant proteins are limited in that direct secondary modification during expression is generally not easily achieved. Thus, inclusion of unusual amino acids, cyclic peptides, sugars, lipids, and other complex functions generally needs to be achieved chemically after synthesis and extraction. In the present study, we have illustrated that bacterial collagens that have had their sequences modified to include cysteine residue(s), which are not normally present in bacterial collagen-like sequences, enable a range of specific chemical modification reactions to be produced...
March 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706605/in-silico-characterization-of-1-2-diacylglycerol-cholinephosphotransferase-and-lysophospha-tidylcholine-acyltransferase-genes-in-glycine-max-l-merrill
#15
C S Sousa, B A Barros, D Barh, P Ghosh, V Azevedo, E G Barros, M A Moreira
The enzymes 1,2-diacylglycerol cholinephosphotrans-ferase (CPT) and lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase (LPCAT) are important in lipid metabolism in soybean seeds. Thus, understand-ing the genes that encode these enzymes may enable their modification and aid the improvement of soybean oil quality. In soybean, the genes encoding these enzymes have not been completely described; there-fore, this study aimed to identify, characterize, and analyze the in silico expression of these genes in soybean. We identified two gene models encoding CPT and two gene models encoding LPCAT, one of which presented an alternative transcript...
August 26, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697616/lipid-metabolism-in-rhodnius-prolixus-lessons-from-the-genome
#16
David Majerowicz, Gustavo M Calderón-Fernández, Michele Alves-Bezerra, Iron F De Paula, Lívia S Cardoso, M Patricia Juárez, Georgia C Atella, Katia C Gondim
The kissing bug Rhodnius prolixus is both an important vector of Chagas' disease and an interesting model for investigation into the field of physiology, including lipid metabolism. The publication of this insect genome will bring a huge amount of new molecular biology data to be used in future experiments. Although this work represents a promising scenario, a preliminary analysis of the sequence data is necessary to identify and annotate the genes involved in lipid metabolism. Here, we used bioinformatics tools and gene expression analysis to explore genes from different genes families and pathways, including genes for fat breakdown, as lipases and phospholipases, and enzymes from β-oxidation, fatty acid metabolism, and acyl-CoA and glycerolipid synthesis...
January 5, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695101/transcriptome-dynamics-during-maize-endosperm-development
#17
Jianzhou Qu, Chuang Ma, Jiaojiao Feng, Shutu Xu, Lei Wang, Feifei Li, Yibo Li, Renhe Zhang, Xinghua Zhang, Jiquan Xue, Dongwei Guo
The endosperm is a major organ of the seed that plays vital roles in determining seed weight and quality. However, genome-wide transcriptome patterns throughout maize endosperm development have not been comprehensively investigated to date. Accordingly, we performed a high-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis of the maize endosperm transcriptome at 5, 10, 15 and 20 days after pollination (DAP). We found that more than 11,000 protein-coding genes underwent alternative splicing (AS) events during the four developmental stages studied...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682829/transcriptome-analysis-of-the-response-to-nacl-in-suaeda-maritima-provides-an-insight-into-salt-tolerance-mechanisms-in-halophytes
#18
Sachin Ashruba Gharat, Shaifaly Parmar, Subodh Tambat, Madavan Vasudevan, Birendra Prasad Shaw
Although salt tolerance is a feature representative of halophytes, most studies on this topic in plants have been conducted on glycophytes. Transcriptome profiles are also available for only a limited number of halophytes. Hence, the present study was conducted to understand the molecular basis of salt tolerance through the transcriptome profiling of the halophyte Suaeda maritima, which is an emerging plant model for research on salt tolerance. Illumina sequencing revealed 72,588 clustered transcripts, including 27,434 that were annotated using BLASTX...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672697/chemical-synthesis-of-peptides-containing-site-specific-advanced-glycation-endproducts
#19
Harveen Kaur, Meder Kamalov, Margaret A Brimble
In nature, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids can nonenzymatically react with sugars and sugar degradation products to give rise to a diverse range of modifications, known as advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs). These AGEs typically occur at lysine and arginine residues of long-lived proteins, such as collagen, and can modify the structure and function of the native protein. AGEs accumulate during the normal aging process, and AGE formation is dramatically accelerated with diabetes. AGEs have also been implicated in a wide range of debilitating conditions including cardiovascular, renal failure, and neurodegenerative diseases...
October 18, 2016: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669744/de-novo-transcriptomic-analysis-of-chlorella-sorokiniana-reveals-differential-genes-expression-in-photosynthetic-carbon-fixation-and-lipid-production
#20
Lin Li, Guoqiang Zhang, Qinhong Wang
BACKGROUND: Microalgae, which can absorb carbon dioxide and then transform it into lipid, are promising candidates to produce renewable energy, especially biodiesel. The paucity of genomic information, however, limits the development of genome-based genetic modification to improve lipid production in many microalgae. Here, we describe the de novo sequencing, transcriptome assembly, annotation and differential expression analysis for Chlorella sorokiniana cultivated in different conditions to reveal the change of genes expression associated with lipid accumulation and photosynthetic carbon fixation...
September 26, 2016: BMC Microbiology
keyword
keyword
56642
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"