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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786505/can-pallars-i-llobateres-a-new-hominoid-bearing-locality-from-the-late-miocene-of-the-vall%C3%A3-s-pened%C3%A3-s-basin-ne-iberian-peninsula
#1
David M Alba, Isaac Casanovas-Vilar, Marc Furió, Israel García-Paredes, Chiara Angelone, Sílvia Jovells-Vaqué, Àngel H Luján, Sergio Almécija, Salvador Moyà-Solà
In the Iberian Peninsula, Miocene apes (Hominoidea) are generally rare and mostly restricted to the Vallès-Penedès Basin. Here we report a new hominoid maxillary fragment with M2 from this basin. It was surface-collected in March 2017 from the site of Can Pallars i Llobateres (CPL, Sant Quirze del Vallès), where fossil apes had not been previously recorded. The locality of provenance (CPL-M), which has delivered no further fossil remains, is located very close (ca. 50 m) to previously known CPL outcrops, and not very far (ca...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784982/the-palaeoecological-context-of-the-oldowan-acheulean-in-southern-africa
#2
Michaela Ecker, James S Brink, Lloyd Rossouw, Michael Chazan, Liora K Horwitz, Julia A Lee-Thorp
The influence of climatic and environmental change on human evolution in the Pleistocene epoch is understood largely from extensive East African stable isotope records. These records show increasing proportions of C4 plants in the Early Pleistocene. We know far less about the expansion of C4 grasses at higher latitudes, which were also occupied by early Homo but are more marginal for C4 plants. Here we show that both C3 and C4 grasses and prolonged wetlands remained major components of Early Pleistocene environments in the central interior of southern Africa, based on enamel stable carbon and oxygen isotope data and associated faunal abundance and phytolith evidence from the site of Wonderwerk Cave...
May 21, 2018: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784805/direct-evidence-of-a-large-northern-european-roman-period-martial-event-and-post-battle-corpse-manipulation
#3
Mads Kähler Holst, Jan Heinemeier, Ejvind Hertz, Peter Jensen, Mette Løvschal, Lene Mollerup, Bent Vad Odgaard, Jesper Olsen, Niels Emil Søe, Søren Munch Kristiansen
New archaeological excavations at Alken Enge, Jutland, Denmark, have revealed a comprehensive assemblage of disarticulated human remains within a 75-ha wetland area. A minimum of 82 individuals have been uncovered. Based on the distribution, the total population is estimated to be greater than 380 individuals, exclusively male and predominantly adult. The chronological radiocarbon evidence of the human bones indicates that they belong to a single, large event in the early first century AD. The bones show a high frequency of unhealed trauma from sharp-edged weapons, which, together with finds of military equipment, suggests that the find is of martial character...
May 21, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782816/a-new-microsporidium-apotaspora-heleios-n-g-n-sp-from-the-riverine-grass-shrimp-palaemonetes-paludosus-decapoda-caridea-palaemonidae
#4
Yuliya Y Sokolova, Robin M Overstreet
We report a new microsporidium from a key species of the estuarine communities of the Gulf States, the Riverine grass shrimp, Palaemonetes paludosus. A milky-white shrimp was found in the Mobile Bay Delta, a large, oligohaline-freshwater wetland in Alabama, USA. Light microscopy of smears and thick sections of the abdominal tissues demonstrated infection with microsporidian spores enclosed in sporophorous vesicles (SVs) in sets of eight. Broadly oval spores measured 2.9 ± 0.06 x 1.7 ± 0.03 µm (2.5-3.3 x 1...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779257/linking-seed-germination-and-plant-height-a-case-study-of-a-wetland-community-on-the-eastern-tibet-plateau
#5
Kun Liu, Suzhen Cao, Guozhen Du, Jerry M Baskin, Carol C Baskin, Haiyan Bu, Wei Qi, Ting Liang
Seed germination is the earliest trait expressed in a plant's life history, and it can directly affect the expression of post germination traits. Plant height is central to plant ecological strategies, because it is a major determinant of the ability of a species to compete for light. Thus, linking seed germination and plant height at the community level is very important to understanding plant fitness and community structure. Here, we tested storage condition and temperature requirements for germination of 31 species from a wetland plant community on the eastern Tibet Plateau, and analyzed correlation of germination traits with plant height in relation to storage condition...
May 20, 2018: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778957/how-can-we-value-an-environmental-asset-that-very-few-have-visited-or-heard-of-lessons-learned-from-applying-contingent-and-inferred-valuation-in-an-australian-wetlands-case-study
#6
Daniel Gregg, Sarah Ann Wheeler
To date, the majority of environmental assets studied in the economic valuation literature clearly have high amenity and recreational use values. However there are many cases where small, but nevertheless unique and important, ecosystems survive as islands amongst large areas of modified, productive, or urban, landscapes. Development encroaches on the landscape and as urban landscapes become more concentrated these types of conservation islands will become increasingly more important. Previous experience with economic valuation suggests that lower total values for smaller contributions to conservation are more liable to be swamped by survey and hypothetical bias measures...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778683/biochar-enhances-plant-growth-and-nutrient-removal-in-horizontal-subsurface-flow-constructed-wetlands
#7
Kuno Kasak, Jaak Truu, Ivika Ostonen, Jürgen Sarjas, Kristjan Oopkaup, Päärn Paiste, Margit Kõiv-Vainik, Ülo Mander, Marika Truu
Biochar has shown great potential as an amendment to improve soil quality and promote plant growth, as well as to adsorb pollutants from water. However, information about the effect of biochar on the wastewater treatment efficiency in horizontal subsurface flow (HSSF) constructed wetlands (CWs) is still scarce. In this study, we assessed the effect of biochar amendment on the purification efficiency of pretreated municipal wastewater in planted (Typha latifolia) experimental horizontal subsurface flow filters filled with lightweight expanded clay aggregates (LECA)...
May 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778055/new-insights-into-the-effects-of-support-matrix-on-the-removal-of-organic-micro-pollutants-and-the-microbial-community-in-constructed-wetlands
#8
Liang Zhang, Tao Lyu, Carlos Andrés Ramírez Vargas, Carlos A Arias, Pedro N Carvalho, Hans Brix
Constructed wetlands (CWs) are an eco-friendly and cost-effective technology to remove organic micro-pollutants (OMPs) from wastewater. The support matrix is an important component in CWs as it has a primary role in the growth and development of plants and microbes. However, the roles of the support matrix in CWs in removing OMPs have not been systematically studied. Therefore, in this study, six common materials (sand, zeolite, blast iron slag, petcoke, polonite and crushed autoclaved aerated concrete (CAAC)) as support matrixes were firstly investigated by batch tests to explore their adsorption capacities to selected OMPs (ibuprofen, iohexol, tebuconazole and imazalil)...
May 16, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774037/plant-sediment-interactions-in-salt-marshes-an-optode-imaging-study-of-o-2-ph-and-co-2-gradients-in-the-rhizosphere
#9
Ketil Koop-Jakobsen, Peter Mueller, Robert J Meier, Gregor Liebsch, Kai Jensen
In many wetland plants, belowground transport of O2 via aerenchyma tissue and subsequent O2 loss across root surfaces generates small oxic root zones at depth in the rhizosphere with important consequences for carbon and nutrient cycling. This study demonstrates how roots of the intertidal salt-marsh plant Spartina anglica affect not only O2 , but also pH and CO2 dynamics, resulting in distinct gradients of O2 , pH, and CO2 in the rhizosphere. A novel planar optode system (VisiSens TD® , PreSens GmbH) was used for taking high-resolution 2D-images of the O2 , pH, and CO2 distribution around roots during alternating light-dark cycles...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773960/checklist-of-bees-hymenoptera-apoidea-from-managed-emergent-wetlands-in-the-lower-mississippi-alluvial-valley-of-arkansas
#10
Phillip L Stephenson, Terry L Griswold, Michael S Arduser, Ashley P G Dowling, David G Krementz
Background: Here we present the results from a two-year bee survey conducted on 18 managed emergent wetlands in the lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley of Arkansas, USA. Sample methods included pan traps, sweep netting and blue-vane traps. We document 83 bee species and morphospecies in 5 families and 31 genera, of which 37 species represent first published state records for Arkansas. The majority of species were opportunistic wetland species; only a small number were wetland-dependent species or species largely restricted to alluvial plains...
2018: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773336/seasonal-dynamics-geographical-range-size-hosts-genetic-diversity-and-phylogeography-of-amblyomma-sculptum-in-argentina
#11
Evelina L Tarragona, Patrick S Sebastian, María N Saracho Bottero, Emilia I Martinez, Valeria N Debárbora, Atilio J Mangold, Alberto A Guglielmone, Santiago Nava
The aim of this work was to generate knowledge on ecological aspects of Amblyomma sculptum in Argentina, such as seasonal dynamics, geographical range size, hosts, genetic diversity and phylogeography. Adult and immature A. sculptum ticks were collected in different localities of Argentina to know the geographical range size and hosts. The genetic diversity of this tick was studied through analyses of 16S rDNA sequences. To describe the seasonal dynamics, free-living ticks were monthly collected from October 2013 to October 2015...
April 27, 2018: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771961/context-dependent-consumer-control-in-new-england-tidal-wetlands
#12
Alexandria Moore
Recent studies in coastal wetlands have indicated that consumers may play an important role in regulating large-scale ecosystem processes. Predator removal experiments have shown significant differences in above-ground biomass production in the presence of higher level consumers, or predators. These results indicate that predators play an important role in regulating biomass production, but the extent to which this regulation impacts additional ecosystem functions, such as nutrient cycling and organic matter accumulation, is unclear...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771449/intraspecific-variation-in-indirect-plant-soil-feedbacks-influences-a-wetland-plant-invasion
#13
Warwick J Allen, Laura A Meyerson, Andrew J Flick, James T Cronin
Plant-soil feedbacks (PSFs) influence plant competition via direct interactions with pathogens and mutualists or indirectly via apparent competition/mutualisms (i.e., spillover to co-occurring plants) and soil legacy effects. It is currently unknown how intraspecific variation in PSFs interacts with the environment (e.g., nutrient availability) to influence competition between native and invasive plants. We conducted a fully crossed multi-factor greenhouse experiment to determine the effects of Phragmites australis rhizosphere soil biota, interspecific competition, and nutrient availability on biomass of replicate populations from one native and two invasive lineages of common reed (P...
May 17, 2018: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766425/distribution-of-linear-alkylbenzenes-as-a-domestic-sewage-molecular-marker-in-surface-sediments-of-international-anzali-wetland-in-the-southwest-of-the-caspian-sea-iran
#14
Alireza Riyahi Bakhtiari, Islam Javedankherad, Jahangard Mohammadi, Roholla Taghizadeh
Due to directly receiving high volume of untreated urban and industrial sewage and in turn transferring the pollutants to fish and back to humans, the International Anzali Wetland has been considered to be urgently registered in the Montreux Record. Hence, the present study was aimed to determine the spatial distribution of the linear alkylbenzenes (LABs) in surface sediments of the wetland and its sewage contamination situation. The surface sediments (sampling stations = 167) were collected from the western, eastern, southwest, and central regions of the wetland...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765682/effects-of-the-inclusion-of-a-mixed-psychrotrophic-bacteria-strain-for-sewage-treatment-in-constructed-wetland-in-winter-seasons
#15
Meizhen Tang, Zhengtao Li, Yuewei Yang, Junfeng Chen, Jie Jiang
Constructed wetlands (CWs) have been used globally in wastewater treatment for years. CWs represent an efficient ecological system which is both energy-saving and low in investment for construction and operational cost. In addition, CWs also have the advantage of being easy to operate and maintain. However, the operation of CWs at northern latitudes (both mid and high) is sometimes quite demanding, due to the inhibitory effect of low temperatures that often occur in winter. To evaluate the wastewater treatment performance of a culture of mixed Psychrotrophic bacteria strains in an integrated vertical-flow CW, the removal rates of ammonia nitrogen (NH3 -N), chemical oxygen demand (COD), nitrite nitrogen [Formula: see text], nitrate nitrogen [Formula: see text] and total phosphorus (TP) were quantified at different bacterial dosages to determine the best bacterial dosage and establish kinetic degradation models of the mixed strains...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765388/changes-of-vegetation-distribution-in-the-east-dongting-lake-after-the-operation-of-the-three-gorges-dam-china
#16
Jia-Yu Hu, Yong-Hong Xie, Yue Tang, Feng Li, Ye-Ai Zou
Water regime is regarded as the primary factor influencing the vegetation distribution in natural wetland ecosystems. However, the effect of water regime change induced by large-scale hydraulic engineering on vegetation distribution is still unclear. In this study, multi-temporal TM/ETM+/OLI images and hydrological data from 1995 to 2015 were used to elucidate how the change in water regime influenced the vegetation distribution in the East Dongting Lake (EDTL), especially after the operation of the Three Gorges Dam (TGD) in 2003...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764529/host-community-heterogeneity-and-the-expression-of-host-specificity-in-avian-haemosporidia-in-the-western-cape-south-africa
#17
Sharon M Jones, Graeme S Cumming, Jeffrey L Peters
Similar patterns of parasite prevalence in animal communities may be driven by a range of different mechanisms. The influences of host heterogeneity and host-parasite interactions in host community assemblages are poorly understood. We sampled birds at 27 wetlands in South Africa to compare four hypotheses explaining how host community heterogeneity influences host specificity in avian haemosporidia communities: the host-neutral hypothesis, the super-spreader hypothesis, the host specialist hypothesis and the heterogeneity hypothesis...
May 16, 2018: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761304/metal-accumulation-strategies-of-emergent-plants-in-natural-wetland-ecosystems-contaminated-with-coke-oven-effluent
#18
Vivek Rana, Subodh Kumar Maiti
The release of industrial effluents into natural wetlands is a ubiquitous problem worldwide, and phytoremediation could be a viable option for treatment. The present study assessed metal accumulation strategies of three dominant emergent plants [Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott, Scirpus grossus (L.) f., and Typha latifolia L.] growing in a wetland contaminated with coke-oven effluent. Metals concentration (mg kg-1 ) in wetland sediment followed the order Mn (408) > Cu (97) > Co (14.2) > Cr (14) > Cd (2...
May 14, 2018: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760911/strong-associations-between-plant-genotypes-and-bacterial-communities-in-a-natural-salt-marsh
#19
Gregory P Zogg, Steven E Travis, Daniel A Brazeau
Although microbial communities have been shown to vary among plant genotypes in a number of experiments in terrestrial ecosystems, relatively little is known about this relationship under natural conditions and outside of select model systems. We reasoned that a salt marsh ecosystem, which is characterized by twice-daily flooding by tides, would serve as a particularly conservative test of the strength of plant-microbial associations, given the high degree of abiotic regulation of microbial community assembly resulting from alternating periods of inundation and exposure...
May 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758435/possible-impact-of-environmental-policies-in-the-recovery-of-a-ramsar-wetland-from-trace-metal-contamination
#20
Miguel Ángel Álvarez-Vázquez, Serafín Jesús González-Prieto, Ricardo Prego
The Umia-Grove Intertidal Complex is located within the Ria of Arousa (NW Iberian Peninsula). Out of its significance for wintering shorebirds it has been included in the Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance as well as in international protection networks such as the European Natura 2000 and Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas-BirdLife International. In a sediment analysis conducted in the year 1999, the wetland was found to have been contaminated by potentially toxic trace metals, to wit: Cr, Cu, Ni, and Pb...
May 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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