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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149723/residual-effects-of-biochar-on-growth-photosynthesis-and-cadmium-uptake-in-rice-oryza-sativa-l-under-cd-stress-with-different-water-conditions
#1
Muhammad Rizwan, Shafaqat Ali, Tahir Abbas, Muhammad Adrees, Muhammad Zia-Ur-Rehman, Muhammad Ibrahim, Farhat Abbas, Muhammad Farooq Qayyum, Rab Nawaz
Soil cadmium (Cd) contamination and drought stress are among the main issues hindering global food security. Biochar has been used to reduce metal uptake by plants and water stress mitigation, but long-term residual effects of biochar under Cd stress at different moisture levels needs to be investigated. A following rice (Oryza sativa L.) was grown after wheat on Cd-contaminated soil amended with different levels of biochar (0, 3.0, and 5.0%, w/w). Thirty five days old plants were irrigated with three moisture levels including zero drought as a control (1-2 cm water layer on soil), mild drought (MD, 50% of soil water holding capacity, WHC), and severe drought (SD, 35% of soil WHC) for an accompanying 35 days...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149453/melatonin-and-serotonin-mediators-in-the-symphony-of-plant-morphogenesis
#2
Lauren A E Erland, Mukund R Shukla, Amritpal S Singh, Susan J Murch, Praveen K Saxena
Melatonin and serotonin are important signaling and stress mitigating molecules that play important roles across growth and development in plants. Despite many well-documented responses, a systematic investigation of the entire metabolic pathway (tryptophan, tryptamine and N-acetylserotonin) does not exist, leaving many open questions. The objective of this study was to determine the responses of Hypericum perforatum (L.) to melatonin, serotonin and their metabolic precursors. Two well characterized germplasm lines (#4 and 112) created by mutation and a haploid breeding program were compared to wildtype to identify specific responses...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149214/new-insights-on-the-species-specific-allelopathic-interactions-between-macrophytes-and-marine-hab-dinoflagellates
#3
Hela Ben Gharbia, Ons Kéfi-Daly Yahia, Philippe Cecchi, Estelle Masseret, Zouher Amzil, Fabienne Herve, Georges Rovillon, Habiba Nouri, Charaf M'Rabet, Douglas Couet, Habiba Zmerli Triki, Mohamed Laabir
Macrophytes are known to release allelochemicals that have the ability to inhibit the proliferation of their competitors. Here, we investigated the effects of the fresh leaves of two magnoliophytes (Zostera noltei and Cymodocea nodosa) and thalli of the macroalgae Ulva rigida on three HAB-forming benthic dinoflagellates (Ostreopsis cf. ovata, Prorocentrum lima, and Coolia monotis). The effects of C. nodosa and U. rigida were also tested against the neurotoxic planktonic dinoflagellate Alexandrium pacificum Litaker sp...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144762/enhancement-of-co-evolution-by-modification-of-ga2o3-with-rare-earth-elements-for-the-photocatalytic-conversion-of-co2-by-h2o
#4
Hiroyuki Tatsumi, Kentaro Teramura, Zeai Huang, Zheng Wang, Hiroyuki Asakura, Saburo Hosokawa, Tsunehiro Tanaka
Modification of the surface of Ga2O3 with rare-earth elements enhanced the evolution of CO as a reduction product in the photocatalytic conversion of CO2 using H2O as an electron donor under UV irradiation in aqueous NaHCO3 as a pH buffer, with the rare-earth species functioning as a CO2 capture and storage material. Isotope experiments using (13)CO2 as a substrate clearly revealed that CO was generated from the introduced gaseous CO2. In the presence of the NaHCO3 additive, the rare-earth (RE) species on the Ga2O3 surface are transformed into carbonate hydrates (RE2(CO3)3•nH2O) and/or hydroxycarbonates (RE2(OH)2(3-x)(CO3)x) which are decomposed upon photoirradiation...
November 16, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143417/can-antarctic-lichens-acclimatise-to-changes-in-temperature
#5
Claudia Colesie, Burkhard Büdel, Vaughan Hurry, T G Allan Green
The Antarctic Peninsula, a tundra biome dominated by lichens and bryophytes, is an ecozone undergoing rapid temperature shifts. Such changes may demand a high physiological plasticity of the local lichen species in order for them to maintain their role as key drivers in this pristine habitat. This study examines the response of net photosynthesis and respiration to increasing temperatures for three Antarctic lichen species with different ecological response amplitudes. We hypothesise that negative effects caused by increased temperatures can be mitigated by thermal acclimation of respiration and/or photosynthesis...
November 15, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143298/a-single-nucleotide-mutation-of-ispf-gene-involved-in-the-mep-pathway-for-isoprenoid-biosynthesis-causes-yellow-green-leaf-phenotype-in-rice
#6
Rui Huang, Yang Wang, Pingrong Wang, Chunmei Li, Fuliang Xiao, Nenggang Chen, Na Li, Caixia Li, Changhui Sun, Lihua Li, Rongjun Chen, Zhengjun Xu, Jianqing Zhu, Xiaojian Deng
We identified IspF gene through yellow-green leaf mutant 505ys in rice. OsIspF was expressed in all tissues detected, and its encoded protein was targeted to the chloroplast. On expression levels of genes in this mutant, OsIspF itself and the genes encoding other enzymes of the MEP pathway and chlorophyll synthase were all up-regulated, however, among eight genes associated with photosynthesis, only psaA, psaN and psbA genes for three reaction center subunits of photosystem obviously changed. Isoprenoids are the most abundant natural compounds in all organisms, which originate from the basic five-carbon units isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP)...
November 15, 2017: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143082/spatial-separation-of-photosynthesis-and-ethanol-production-by-cell-type-specific-metabolic-engineering-of-filamentous-cyanobacteria
#7
Shigeki Ehira, Takuto Takeuchi, Akiyoshi Higo
Cyanobacteria, which perform oxygenic photosynthesis, have drawn attention as hosts for the direct production of biofuels and commodity chemicals from CO2 and H2O using light energy. Although cyanobacteria capable of producing diverse chemicals have been generated by metabolic engineering, anaerobic non-photosynthetic culture conditions are often necessary for their production. In this study, we conducted cell type-specific metabolic engineering of the filamentous cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC 7120, which forms a terminally differentiated cell called a heterocyst with a semi-regular spacing of 10-15 cells...
November 15, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141585/transcriptome-analysis-in-petals-and-leaves-of-chrysanthemums-with-different-chlorophyll-levels
#8
Akemi Ohmiya, Katsutomo Sasaki, Kenji Nashima, Chihiro Oda-Yamamizo, Masumi Hirashima, Katsuhiko Sumitomo
BACKGROUND: Chlorophylls (Chls) are magnesium-containing tetrapyrrole macromolecules responsible for the green color in plants. The Chl metabolic pathway has been intensively studied and nearly all the enzymes involved in the pathway have been identified and characterized. Synthesis and activity of these enzymes are tightly regulated in tissue- and developmental stage-specific manners. Leaves contain substantial amounts of Chls because Chls are indispensable for photosynthesis. In contrast, petals generally contain only trace amounts of Chls, which if present would mask the bright petal color...
November 15, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140512/a-novel-tetratricopeptide-repeat-protein-white-to-green1-is-required-for-early-chloroplast-development-and-affects-rna-editing-in-chloroplasts
#9
Fei Ma, Yingchun Hu, Yan Ju, Qianru Jiang, Zhijun Cheng, Quan Zhang, Sodmergen
The chloroplast is essential for plant photosynthesis and production, but the regulatory mechanism of chloroplast development is still elusive. Here, a novel gene, WHITE TO GREEN1 (WTG1), was identified to have a function in chloroplast development and plastid gene expression by screening Arabidopsis leaf coloration mutants. WTG1 encodes a chloroplast-localized tetratricopeptide repeat protein that is expressed widely in Arabidopsis cells. Disruption of WTG1 suppresses plant growth, retards leaf greening and chloroplast development, and represses photosynthetic gene expression, but complemented expression of WTG1 restored a normal phenotype...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140297/a-proteomic-approach-to-investigate-the-drought-response-in-the-orphan-crop-eragrostis-tef
#10
Rizqah Kamies, Jill M Farrant, Zerihun Tadele, Gina Cannarozzi, Mohammed Suhail Rafudeen
The orphan crop, Eragrostis tef, was subjected to controlled drought conditions to observe the physiological parameters and proteins changing in response to dehydration stress. Physiological measurements involving electrolyte leakage, chlorophyll fluorescence and ultra-structural analysis showed tef plants tolerated water loss to 50% relative water content (RWC) before adverse effects in leaf tissues were observed. Proteomic analysis using isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) mass spectrometry and appropriate database searching enabled the detection of 5727 proteins, of which 211 proteins, including a number of spliced variants, were found to be differentially regulated with the imposed stress conditions...
November 15, 2017: Proteomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139597/time-resolved-interception-of-multiple-charge-accumulation-in-a-sensitizer-acceptor-dyad
#11
Stéphanie Mendes Marinho, Minh-Huong Ha-Thi, Van-Thai Pham, Annamaria Quaranta, Thomas Pino, Christophe Lefumeux, Thierry Chamaillé, Winfried Leibl, Ally Aukauloo
Biomimetic models that contain elements of photosynthesis are fundamental in the development of synthetic systems that can use sunlight to produce fuel. The critical task consists of running several rounds of light-induced charge separation, which is required to accumulate enough redox equivalents at the catalytic sites for the target chemistry to occur. Long-lived first charge-separated state and distinct electronic signatures for the sequential charge accumulated species are essential features to be able to track these events on a spectroscopic ground...
November 15, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139059/evolution-of-rubisco-activase-gene-in-plants
#12
Ragupathi Nagarajan, Kulvinder S Gill
Rubisco activase of plants evolved in a stepwise manner without losing its function to adapt to the major evolutionary events including endosymbiosis and land colonization. Rubisco activase is an essential enzyme for photosynthesis, which removes inhibitory sugar phosphates from the active sites of Rubisco, a process necessary for Rubisco activation and carbon fixation. The gene probably evolved in cyanobacteria as different species differ for its presence. However, the gene is present in all other plant species...
November 14, 2017: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138350/the-dead-box-rna-helicase-rh50-is-a-23s-4-5s-rrna-maturation-factor-that-functionally-overlaps-with-the-plastid-signaling-factor-gun1
#13
Francesca Paieri, Luca Tadini, Nikolay Manavski, Tatjana Kleine, Roberto Ferrari, Pietro Angelo Morandini, Paolo Pesaresi, Jörg Meurer, Dario Leister
DEAD-box RNA helicases (DBRHs) modulate RNA secondary structure, allowing RNA molecules to adopt the conformations required for interaction with their target proteins. RH50 is a chloroplast-located DBRH that co-localizes and is co-expressed with GUN1, a central factor in chloroplast-to-nucleus signaling. When combined with mutations that impair plastid gene expression (prors1-1, prpl11-1, prps1-1, prps21-1, prps17-1 and prpl24-1), rh50 and gun1 mutations evoke similar patterns of epistatic effects. These observations, together with the synergistic growth phenotype of the double mutant rh50-1 gun1-102, suggest that RH50 and GUN1 are functionally related and that this function is associated with plastid gene expression, in particular ribosome functioning...
November 14, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136458/deficiency-of-the-stroma-lamellar-protein-lil8-psb33-affects-energy-transfer-around-psi-in-arabidopsis
#14
Yukako Kato, Makio Yokono, Seiji Akimoto, Atsushi Takabayashi, Ayumi Tanaka, Ryouichi Tanaka
Light-harvesting-like (LIL) proteins are a group of proteins that share a consensus amino acid sequence with light-harvesting Chl-binding (LHC) proteins. We hypothesized that they might be involved in photosynthesis-related processes. In order to gain a better understanding of a potential role in photosynthesis-related processes, we examined the most recently identified LIL protein, LIL8/PSB33. Recently, it was suggested that this protein is an auxiliary PSII core protein which is involved in organization of the PSII supercomplex...
November 1, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136323/increasing-canopy-photosynthesis-in-rice-can-be-achieved-without-a-large-increase-in-water-use-a-model-based-on-free-air-co2-enrichment
#15
Hiroki Ikawa, Charles P Chen, Martin Sikma, Mayumi Yoshimoto, Hidemitsu Sakai, Takeshi Tokida, Yasuhiro Usui, Hirofumi Nakamura, Keisuke Ono, Atsushi Maruyama, Tsutomu Watanabe, Tsuneo Kuwagata, Toshihiro Hasegawa
Achieving higher canopy photosynthesis rates is one of the keys to increasing future crop production; however, this typically requires additional water inputs because of increased water loss through the stomata. Lowland rice canopies presently consume a large amount of water, and any further increase in water usage may significantly impact local water resources. This situation is further complicated by changing environmental conditions such as rising atmospheric CO2 concentration ([CO2 ]). Here we modeled and compared evapotranspiration of fully developed rice canopies of a high-yielding rice cultivar (Oryza sativa L...
November 14, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134759/ni-nanocluster-modified-black-tio2-with-dual-active-sites-for-selective-photocatalytic-co2-reduction
#16
Tadesse Billo, Fang-Yu Fu, Putikam Raghunath, Indrajit Shown, Wei-Fu Chen, Hsiang-Ting Lien, Tzu-Hsien Shen, Jyh-Fu Lee, Ting-Shan Chan, Kuo-You Huang, Chih-I Wu, M C Lin, Jih-Shang Hwang, Chih-Hao Lee, Li-Chyong Chen, Kuei-Hsien Chen
One of the key challenges in artificial photosynthesis is to design a photocatalyst that can bind and activate the CO2 molecule with the smallest possible activation energy and produce selective hydrocarbon products. In this contribution, a combined experimental and computational study on Ni-nanocluster loaded black TiO2 (Ni/TiO2[Vo] ) with built-in dual active sites for selective photocatalytic CO2 conversion is reported. The findings reveal that the synergistic effects of deliberately induced Ni nanoclusters and oxygen vacancies provide (1) energetically stable CO2 binding sites with the lowest activation energy (0...
November 14, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133375/spatial-control-of-gene-expression-by-mir319-regulated-tcp-transcription-factors-in-leaf-development
#17
Edgardo G Bresso, Uciel Chorostecki, Ramiro E Rodriguez, Javier Fernando Palatnik, Carla Schommer
The characteristic leaf shapes we see in all plants are in good part outcome of the combined action of several transcription factor networks that translate into cell division activity during the early development of the organ. We show here that wild-type leaves have distinct transcriptomic profiles in center and marginal regions. Certain transcripts are enriched in margins, including those of CINCINNATA-like TCPs, and members of the NGATHA (NGA) and STYLISH (STY) gene families. We study in detail the contribution of miR319 regulated TCP (Teosinte branched, Cycloidea, PCF1/2) transcription factors to the development of the center and marginal regions of Arabidopsis leaves...
November 13, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131535/artificial-photosynthesis-beyond-mimicking-nature
#18
EDITORIAL
Holger Dau, Etsuko Fujita, Licheng Sun
In this Editorial, Guest Editors Holger Dau, Etsuko Fujita, and Licheng Sun introduce the Special Issue of ChemSusChem on "Artificial Photosynthesis for Sustainable Fuels". They discuss the need for non-fossil based fuels, introduce both biological and artificial photosynthesis, and outline various important concepts in artificial photosynthesis, including molecular and solid-state catalysts for water oxidation and hydrogen evolution, catalytic CO2 reduction, and photoelectrochemical systems.
November 13, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128781/photosynthesis-impairments-and-excitation-energy-dissipation-on-wheat-plants-supplied-with-silicon-and-infected-with-pyricularia-oryzae
#19
Carlos Eduardo Aucique-Pérez, Paulo Eduardo de Menezes Silva, Wiler Ribas Moreira, Fábio Murilo DaMatta, Fabrício Ávila Rodrigues
Considering the effect of silicon (Si) in reducing the blast symptoms on wheat in a scenario where the losses in the photosynthetic capacity of the infected plants is lowered, this study investigated the ability of using the incident light, the chloroplastidic pigments (chlorophylls and carotenoids) alterations and the possible role of carotenoids on the process of light dissipation on wheat plants non-supplied (-Si) or supplied (+Si) with Si and inoculated or not with Pyricularia oryzae. For + Si plants, blast severity was reduced compared to -Si plants...
October 26, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128610/changes-in-redox-regulation-during-transition-from-c3-to-single-cell-c4-photosynthesis-in-bienertia-sinuspersici
#20
Baris Uzilday, Rengin Ozgur, Tolga Yalcinkaya, Ismail Turkan, A Hediye Sekmen
Bienertia sinuspersici performs single cell C4 photosynthesis without Kranz anatomy. Peripheral and central cytoplasmic compartments in a single chlorenchyma cell act as mesophyll cells and bundle sheath cells. Development of this specialized mechanism is gradual during plant development. Young leaves perform C3 photosynthesis, while mature leaves have complete C4 cycle. The aim of this work was to investigate changes in redox regulation and antioxidant defence during transition from C3 to single cell C4 photosynthesis in B...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
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