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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471403/influence-of-distiller-s-dried-grains-with-solubles-on-ram-lamb-growth-and-reproductive-traits
#1
A R Crane, R R Redden, M S Crouse, J D Kirsch, P P Borowicz, J E Held, K C Swanson, C S Schauer
The hypothesis of this experiment was that increasing the inclusion level of distiller's dried grains (DDGS) in the diets would decrease semen quality but have no negative effects on growth performance. Following the removal of DDGS from the diet, it was hypothesized that the ram lambs would recover and become reproductively sound, independent of treatment. To test this hypothesis, Suffolk and Hampshire ram lambs (n = 112) were allocated to four treatments (n = 4 pens/treatment; 7 rams/pen) in a completely randomized design...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470623/long-distance-longitudinal-prostate-mri-quality-assurance-from-startup-to-12-months
#2
Nicole E Curci, Patrick Gartland, Prasad R Shankar, Jeffrey S Montgomery, David C Miller, Arvin K George, Matthew S Davenport
PURPOSE: To evaluate a 12-month long-distance prostate MRI quality assurance (QA) program. METHODS: The need for IRB approval was waived for this prospective longitudinal QA effort. One academic institution experienced with prostate MRI [~ 1000 examinations/year (Site 2)] partnered with a private institution 240 miles away that was starting a new prostate MRI program (Site 1). Site 1 performed all examinations (N = 249). Four radiologists at Site 1 created finalized reports, then sent images and reports to Site 2 for review on a rolling basis...
February 22, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470516/evaluation-of-diagnostic-methods-for-the-detection-of-intestinal-schistosomiasis-in-endemic-areas-with-low-parasite-loads-saline-gradient-helmintex-kato-katz-and-rapid-urine-test
#3
Warllem Junio Oliveira, Fernanda do Carmo Magalhães, Andressa Mariana Saldanha Elias, Vanessa Normandio de Castro, Vivian Favero, Catieli Gobetti Lindholz, Áureo Almeida Oliveira, Fernando Sergio Barbosa, Frederico Gil, Maria Aparecida Gomes, Carlos Graeff-Teixeira, Martin Johannes Enk, Paulo Marcos Zech Coelho, Mariângela Carneiro, Deborah Aparecida Negrão-Corrêa, Stefan Michael Geiger
BACKGROUND: In some tropical countries, such as Brazil, schistosomiasis control programs have led to a significant reduction in the prevalence and parasite burden of endemic populations. In this setting, the Kato-Katz technique, as the standard diagnostic method for the diagnosis of Schistosoma mansoni infections, which involves the analysis of two slides from one fecal sample, loses its sensitivity. As a result, a significant number of infected individuals are not detected. The objective of this study was to perform extensive parasitological testing of up to three fecal samples and include a rapid urine test (POC-CCA) in a moderate prevalence area in Northern Minas Gerais, Brazil, and evaluate the performance of each test separately and in combination...
February 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470098/large-datasets-logistics-sharing-and-workflow-in-screening
#4
Tessa S Cook
Cancer screening initiatives exist around the world for different malignancies, most frequently breast, colorectal, and cervical cancer. A number of cancer registries exist to collect relevant data, but while these data may include imaging findings, they rarely, if ever, include actual images. Additionally, the data submitted to the registry are usually correlated with eventual cancer diagnoses and patient outcomes, rather than used with the individual's future screenings. Developing screening programs that allow for images to be submitted to a central location in addition to patient meta-data and used for comparison to future screening exams would be very valuable in increasing access to care and ensuring that individuals are effectively screened from year to year...
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469794/inflamed-actinic-keratoses-associated-with-pemetrexed-and-carboplatin-therapy
#5
Jimmy Lam, Samantha R Ellis, Raja K Sivamani
Eruptive actinic keratosis (AK) consequent to systemic chemotherapy can be confused with drug allergies. We present the first case of inflamed AKs in one patient after receiving combination therapy with pemetrexed and carboplatin.A 68-year-old woman with non-small cell lung adenocarcinoma (NSCLC) presented with numerous pruritic ill-defined, gritty, erythematous papules consistent with AKs on her upper chest, upper back, and arms two weeks after completing the first cycle of combination therapy with carboplatin and pemetrexed...
October 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468201/toward-a-more-humanistic-american-medical-profession-an-analysis-of-premedical-web-sites-from-ohio-s-undergraduate-institutions
#6
Daniel Skinner, Kyle Rosenberger
In response to changes in health care, American medical schools are transforming their curricula to cultivate empathy, promote professionalism, and increase cultural competency. Many scholars argue that an infusion of the humanities in premedical and medical training may help achieve these ends. This study analyzes Web-based messaging of Ohio's undergraduate institutions to assess premedical advising attitudes toward humanities-based coursework and majors. Results suggest that although many institutions acknowledge the humanities, most steer students toward science majors; strong advocates of the humanities tend to have religious or other special commitments, and instead of acknowledging the intrinsic value that the humanities might have for future physicians, most institutions promote the humanities because entrance exams now contain related material...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467712/structured-reporting-in-neuroradiology-intracranial-tumors
#7
Andrea Bink, Jan Benner, Julia Reinhardt, Anthony De Vere-Tyndall, Bram Stieltjes, Nicolin Hainc, Christoph Stippich
Purpose: The aim of this pilot study was to assess the clinical feasibility, diagnostic yield, advantages, and disadvantages of structured reporting for routine MRI-reading in patients with primary diagnosis of intracranial tumors as compared to traditional neuroradiological free text reporting. Methods: A structured MRI reporting template was developed covering pathological, anatomical, and functional aspects in an itemized fashion. Retrospectively, 60 consecutive patients with first diagnosis of an intracranial tumor were selected from the radiology information system/PACS system...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467155/australian-exam-shambles-forces-registrars-into-resits
#8
Paul Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466913/screening-for-cognitive-impairment-in-sle-using-the-self-administered-gerocognitive-exam
#9
A Meara, N Davidson, H Steigelman, S Zhao, G Brock, W N Jarjour, B H Rovin, H Madhoun, S Parikh, L Hebert, I Ayoub, S P Ardoin
Objective Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem autoimmune disease that can affect the central nervous system in multiple ways, including causing cognitive dysfunction. Cognitive dysfunction is a common complaint of SLE patients yet diagnosis is challenging, time consuming, and costly. This study evaluated the Self-Administered Gerocognitive Exam (SAGE) as a screening test for cognitive impairment in a cohort of SLE patients. Methods A total of 118 SLE patients completed the SAGE. Providers completed the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) and the Systemic Lupus International Collaborative Clinics Damage Index (SLICC-DI)...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466514/basic-ultrasound-training-assessment-in-the-initial-abdominal-trauma-screening
#10
Luan Geraldo Ocaña Oliveira, Debora Tagliari, Mariana Juliato Becker, Thiago Adame, José Cruvinel Neto, Fernando Antônio Campelo Spencer Netto
OBJECTIVE: to verify the efficiency and usefulness of basic ultrasound training in trauma (FAST - Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma) for emergency physicians in the primary evaluation of abdominal trauma. METHODS: a longitudinal and observational study was carried out from 2015 to 2017, with 11 emergency physicians from Hospital Universitário do Oeste do Paraná, submitted to ultrasound training in emergency and trauma (USET® - SBAIT). FAST results started to be collected two months after the course...
February 19, 2018: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466497/analysis-of-the-accuracy-of-different-laboratory-methods-for-the-diagnosis-of-intestinal-parasites-from-stray-and-domiciled-cats-felis-catus-domesticus-in-goi%C3%A3-nia-goi%C3%A3-s-brazil
#11
Jaqueline Ataíde Silva Lima, Hanstter Hallison Alves Rezende, Tamires Mariana Dias Damas Rocha, Ana Maria de Castro
Cats are carriers of zoonotic agents to humans, including intestinal parasites. The purpose of this study was to analyze the accuracy of different laboratory methods for the diagnosis of intestinal parasites. Fecal samples were processed by the Willis, Sheather, Faust and Hoffman-Janer-Pons-Lutz (HJPL) methods. Accuracy analysis was performed determining the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value and Kappa. A total of 149 fecal samples were collected, 65 from stray cats and 84 from domiciled cats...
February 19, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466491/the-presence-and-extension-of-myocardial-fibrosis-in-the-undetermined-form-of-chagas-disease-a-study-using-magnetic-resonance
#12
Marcia Maria Noya-Rabelo, Carolina The Macedo, Ticiana Larocca, Admilson Machado, Thais Pacheco, Jorge Torreão, Bruno Solano de Freitas Souza, Milena B P Soares, Ricardo Ribeiro-Dos-Santos, Luis Claudio Lemos Correia
BACKGROUND: Previous data has shown that patients in the indeterminate form of Chagas disease may present myocardial fibrosis as shown on through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, there is little information available regarding the degree of severity of myocardial fibrosis in these individuals. This variable has the potential to predict the evolution of Chagas' disease into its cardiac form. OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency and extent of myocardial fibrosis evaluated using an MRI in patients in the indeterminate form, and to compare it with other forms of the disease...
February 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465681/a-population-based-study-to-compare-treatment-outcomes-among-women-with-urogenital-chlamydial-infection-in-washington-state-1992-2015
#13
Christine M Khosropour, Teal R Bell, James P Hughes, Lisa E Manhart, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: United States guidelines recommend azithromycin or doxycycline for chlamydia (CT) treatment. These therapies are similarly efficacious for urogenital infections when outcomes are measured 7-42 days following treatment, though doxycycline may be superior for rectal infections. Some investigators have suggested that persistent rectal infections may lead to autoinfection of the urogenital tract, potentially resulting in higher rates of recurrent infection in azithromycin-treated women...
November 16, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465563/non-hodgkin-lymphoma-diagnostic-and-prognostic-particularities-in-children-a-series-of-case-reports-and-a-review-of-the-literature-care-compliant
#14
Cristina Oana Mărginean, Lorena Elena Meliţ, Emoke Horvath, Horea Gozar, Mihaela Ioana Chinceşan
RATIONALE: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma remains an unpredictable condition in pediatric patients. PATIENT CONCERNS: Our first case describes an 8-year-old boy with a history of iron deficiency anemia, admitted in our clinic for recurrent abdominal pain, weight loss, loss of appetite, diarrheic stools, and fever. The second case also describes an 8-year-old boy admitted for abdominal pain and vomiting. The 3rd case refers to a 4 years and 10 months old boy admitted in our clinic with abdominal pain and loss of appetite, who was initially admitted in the Pediatrics Surgery Clinic with the suspicion of appendicitis...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465419/assessment-of-pcxmc-for-patients-with-different-body-size-in-chest-and-abdominal-x-ray-examinations-a-monte-carlo-simulation-study
#15
David Borrego, Erin M Lowe, Cari M Kitahara, Choonsik Lee
A PC Program for X ray Monte Carlo (PCXMC) has been used to calculate organ doses in patient dosimetry and for the exposure assessment in epidemiological studies of ra- diogenic health related risks. This study compared the dosimetry from using the built-in stylized phantoms in the PCXMC to that of a newer hybrid phantom library with improved anatomical realism. We simulated chest and abdominal x ray projections for 146 unique body size computational phantoms, 77 males and 69 females, with different combinations of height (125 - 180 cm) and weight (20 - 140 kg) using the built-in stylized phantoms in the PCXMC version 2...
February 21, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465259/latent-tuberculosis-in-childhood-tolerability-of-two-different-therapeutic-approaches
#16
Chiara Tersigni, Elisabetta Venturini, Chiara Cordola, Paola Piccini, Leila Bianchi, Carlotta Montagnani, Sara Sollai, Elena Chiappini, Maurizio de Martino, Luisa Galli
BACKGROUND: Isoniazid monotherapy for six or nine months and the combination of isoniazid and rifampicin for three or four months are the most used regimens for treating latent tuberculosis. The main aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the safety of latent tuberculosis treatment by analysing side effects in both regimens. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Children with latent tuberculosis and treated with isoniazid or isoniazid and rifampicin were included...
February 21, 2018: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464770/placing-care-embodying-architecture-in-hospital-clinics-for-immigrant-and-refugee-patients
#17
Susan E Bell
This article is part of a hospital ethnography that investigates healthcare architecture as an aspect of an increasingly large, complex, and urgent global health issue: caring for refugees and other immigrants. It argues that hospitals are nodes in transnational social networks of immigrant and refugee patients that form assemblages of human and non-human objects. These assemblages co-produce place-specific hospital care in different hospital spaces. Place-specific tensions and power dynamics arise when refugees and immigrants come into contact with these biomedical spaces...
February 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462028/the-operative-risk-and-natural-history-after-the-diagnosis-of-ileal-penetrating-crohn-s-disease
#18
Peter Bossuyt, Celine Debeuckelaere, Marc Ferrante, Dirk Vanbeckevoort, Thomas Billiet, Albert Wolthuis, Gert van Assche, Andre D'Hoore, Séverine Vermeire
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Crohn's disease (CD) is marked by transmural inflammation of the bowel wall leading to stricturing and/or penetrating complications in the majority of patients. The natural history and operative risk after the diagnosis of an ileal penetrating complication is understudied. The aim was to study the disease course and need for surgery in patients diagnosed with a penetrating ileal CD complication and to assess the risk factors associated with worse postoperative outcome...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460785/the-association-between-nutritional-status-and-frailty-characteristics-among-geriatric-outpatients
#19
M Kurkcu, R I Meijer, S Lonterman, M Muller, M A E de van der Schueren
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a common clinical syndrome in older adults and is associated with an increased risk of poor health outcomes, e.g. falls, disability, hospitalization, and mortality. Nutritional status might be an important factor contributing to frailty. This study aims to describe the association between nutritional status and characteristics of frailty in patients attending a geriatric outpatient clinic. METHODS: Clinical data was collected of 475 patients who visited the geriatric outpatient department of a Dutch hospital between 2005 and 2010...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460452/the-effect-of-digital-rectal-exam-on-the-4kscore-for-aggressive-prostate-cancer
#20
Michael A Maccini, Nicholas J Westfall, Adrie Van Bokhoven, Marshall Scott Lucia, Wendy Poage, Paul D Maroni, Shandra S Wilson, Leonard Michael Glodé, Paul Arangua, Jay Newmark, Mitchell Steiner, Priya N Werahera, Elward David Crawford
BACKGROUND: The 4Kscore is a new commercially available blood-based diagnostic test which predicts risk for aggressive, clinically significant prostate cancer on prostate biopsy. The 4Kscore is currently restricted to patients who have not had a digital rectal exam (DRE) in the previous 96 h, owing to prior mixed data suggesting that prostate specific antigen (PSA) isoforms may increase by a statistically significant-if not necessarily clinically significant-amount shortly after DRE. Our primary objective was to determine if 4Kscore test results are affected by a preceding DRE...
February 19, 2018: Prostate
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