Read by QxMD icon Read

Thoracic endoscopy

Tetsushi Nakajima, Tsutomu Sato, Kazuki Kano, Yukio Maezawa, Kenki Segami, Hirohito Fujikawa, Kousuke Ikeda, Takanobu Yamada, Takashi Ogata, Haruhiko Cho, Takaki Yoshikawa
A 63-year-old man with dysphagia was referred to our hospital. He was found to have a type 2 tumor extending from the lower thoracic esophagus to the esophagogastric junction via upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. A biopsy revealed adenocarcinoma with overexpression of the human epidermal growth factor type 2(HER2). The tumor was type I according to Siewert's classification, as the epicenter of the tumor was 27mm to the oral side from the esophago-gastric junction. The clinical diagnosis was T3N1M1, stage IV according to the Japanese Classification of Gastric Carcinoma, and T3N2M0, stage III per the Japanese Classification of Esophageal Cancer...
October 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
K M Kurbonov, F I Makhmadov, K R Nazirboev, A A Aminov
AIM: to prove the efficacy and safety of video-assisted techniques in diagnosis and treatment of victims with thoracic and abdominal trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was analyzed treatment of 249 patients with thoracic (n=82), abdominal (n=122) and thoracoabdominal injuries (n=35) who were divided into 2 groups depending on treatment. Control group of conventional diagnosis and treatment included 130 (52%) patients. Group 2 consisted of 119 (48%) patients in whom differentiated surgical approach combined with current technologies was applied...
2016: Khirurgiia
Meinoshin Okumura
Nationwide databases of cases treated for thoracic disease have been established by several academic associations in Japan, which contain information showing trends and current status in regard to surgical treatment. The Japanese Association of Thoracic Surgery (JATS), Japanese Association of Chest Surgery (JACS), Japan Lung Cancer Society (JLCS), Japanese Respiratory Society (JRS), and Japan Society for Respiratory Endoscopy (JSRE) have maintained databases of lung cancer cases treated in Japan. In 1986, the number of general thoracic surgery cases was 15,544, which increased to 75,306 in 2013...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Maria Teresa Ramieri, Ferdinando Marandino, Paolo Visca, Tommaso Salvitti, Enzo Gallo, Beatrice Casini, Francesca Romana Giordano, Claudia Frigieri, Mauro Caterino, Sandro Carlini, Massimo Rinaldi, Anna Ceribelli, Annarita Pennetti, Pier Luigi Alò, Mirella Marino, Edoardo Pescarmona, Massimo Filippetti
BACKGROUND: Conventional transbronchial needle aspiration (c-TBNA) contributed to improve the bronchoscopic examination, allowing to sample lesions located even outside the tracheo-bronchial tree and in the hilo-mediastinal district, both for diagnostic and staging purposes. METHODS: We have evaluated the sensitivity, accuracy, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of the c-TBNA performed during the 2005-2015 period for suspicious lung neoplasia and/or hilar and mediastinal lymphadenopathy at the Thoracic endoscopy of the Thoracic Surgery Department of the Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Mihir S Wagh, Peter V Draganov
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Total aphagia from complete esophageal obstruction (CEO) can be seen in patients with head-neck or thoracic malignancies undergoing chemoradiation or surgery. Combined antegrade and retrograde endoscopy (via G-tube tract) is often performed for esophageal reconstruction but is limited by the length of the obstructed esophagus. We describe per-oral endoscopic tunneling for restoration of the esophagus (POETRE), for patients with longer segments of esophageal obstruction...
September 6, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Yuki B Werner, Daniel von Renteln, Tania Noder, Guido Schachschal, Ulrike W Denzer, Stefan Groth, Jan F Nast, Jan F Kersten, Martin Petzoldt, Gerhard Adam, Oliver Mann, Alessandro Repici, Cesare Hassan, Thomas Rösch
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The recently developed technique of per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has been shown to be effective for the therapy of esophageal motility disorders. Limited information is available about POEM adverse events (AE). METHODS: POEM was performed with the patients under general anesthesia in 241 patients (58% male, mean age 47.4 ± 16.4 years) during 61 months. Main outcome was the rate of intra- and post-procedural adverse events (AE). Post-procedural checks comprised clinical and laboratory examination, and endoscopy, with further follow-ups being performed at 3, 6 and 12 months, respectively...
September 5, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Mary Tao, Eran Shlomovitz, Gail Darling, Graham Roche-Nagle
Thoracic endovascular aortic repair for thoracic aortic aneurysms is an accepted alternative to open surgery, especially in patients with significant comorbidities. The procedure itself has a low risk of complications and fistulas to surrounding organs are rarely reported. An 86-year-old patient was admitted to our hospital with gastro intestinal (GI) bleeding and a suspected aortoesophageal fistula. Eight months prior, the patient had undergone a stent graft repair of a mycotic thoracic aneurysm. Computerized tomography angiography and upper GI endoscopy confirmed an aortoesophageal fistula, which was treated by esophageal stenting...
August 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Atsushi Omura, Masato Yoshida, Yojiro Koda, Nobuhiko Mukohara
A 79-year-old moderately frail man with a history of graft replacement for descending thoracic aortic aneurysm and chronic kidney disease presented with the onset of haemoptysis. Computed tomography demonstrated aorto-oesophageal fistula secondary to aortic arch aneurysm rupture. Emergency surgery was performed through a median sternotomy. Cardiopulmonary bypass was established via femoral artery inflow and bicaval venous drainage. After establishing circulatory arrest, the aortic arch was excised. Resection of the aortic aneurysm and debridement were performed during antegrade cerebral perfusion and lower body perfusion from femoral artery inflow using balloon occlusion of the previous graft...
August 19, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Frederic Beugnet, Dionne Crafford, Christa de Vos, Dawid Kok, Diane Larsen, Josephus Fourie
The nematode Spirocerca lupi (Rudolphi, 1809) is widely distributed but mostly occurs sporadically with stable populations only in certain geographic areas. This helminth mainly infects dogs and wild canids. Primary pathology relates to migration of third stage larvae (L3) damaging the thoracic aorta and establishment of adults in nodules in the oesophagus. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of milbemycin oxime in combination with afoxolaner (NexGard Spectra(®), Merial), administered monthly, in preventing establishment of adult worms after experimental infection...
August 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
Yasemin Bilgin Büyükkarabacak, Ayşen Taslak Şengül, Mehmet Gökhan Pirzirenli, Ahmet Başoğlu
BACKGROUND/AIM: Benign esophageal strictures are frequently encountered pathologies occurring due to various reasons. Repeated dilatations may be needed, particularly in resistant strictures. This study aimed to evaluate patients who underwent repeated dilatations in our clinic due to resistant esophageal strictures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen patients who underwent multiple dilatations in our clinic with the diagnosis of resistant benign esophageal stricture between 2007 and 2014 were studied for age, sex, etiology, symptoms, complications, number of dilatations, and intervals between dilatations...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Hayley Paradise, Kyle G Mathews, Eli B Cohen
A 6-year-old neutered male, Golden retriever presented with regurgitation and excitement-induced coughing. Two years prior, extra-thoracic tracheal collapse was diagnosed and extra-luminal tracheal ring prostheses were placed. Radiographs at presentation showed mineralized and undulant cervical tracheal cartilages. A dorsally broad-based soft tissue opacity bulged into the caudal cervical tracheal lumen. Esophageal dysmotility and barium accumulation were identified at this level on contrast esophography. Computed tomography showed migration of a prosthetic tracheal ring, resulting in perforation of the esophagus...
July 25, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Etienne Ghrenassia, Arsene Mekinian, Catherine Chapelon-Albric, Pierre Levy, Jacques Cosnes, Pascal Sève, Guillaume Lefèvre, Robin Dhôte, David Launay, Virginie Prendki, Sandrine Morell-Dubois, Danielle Sadoun, Anas Mehdaoui, Michael Soussan, Anne Bourrier, Laure Ricard, Robert Benamouzig, Dominique Valeyre, Olivier Fain
Digestive tract sarcoidosis (DTS) is rare and case-series are lacking. In this retrospective case-control study, we aimed to compare the characteristics, outcome, and treatment of patients with DTS, nondigestive tract sarcoidosis (NDTS), and Crohn disease.We included cases of confirmed sarcoidosis, symptomatic digestive tract involvement, and noncaseating granuloma in any digestive tract. Each case was compared with 2 controls with sarcoidoisis without digestive tract involvement and 4 with Crohn disease.We compared 25 cases of DTS to 50 controls with NDTS and 100 controls with Crohn disease...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jose Ribas Milanez de Campos, Paulo Kauffman, Oswaldo Gomes, Nelson Wolosker
By the 1980s, endoscopy was in use by some groups in sympathetic denervation of the upper limbs with vascular indications. Low morbidity, cosmetic results, reduction in the incidence of Horner syndrome, and the shortened time in hospital made video-assisted thoracic sympathectomy (VATS) better accepted by those undergoing treatment for hyperhidrosis. Over the last 25 years, this surgical procedure has become routine in the treatment of hyperhidrosis, leading to a significant increase in the number of papers on the subject in the literature...
August 2016: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
Yoshihiko Tashiro, Masahiko Murakami, Koji Otsuka, Kazuhiko Saito, Akira Saito, Kentaro Motegi, Hiromi Date, Takeshi Yamashita, Tomotake Ariyoshi, Satoru Goto, Kimiyasu Yamazaki, Akira Fujimori, Makoto Watanabe, Takeshi Aoki
Intrathoracic hernias after total gastrectomy are rare. We report the case of a 78-year-old man who underwent total gastrectomy with antecolic Roux-Y reconstruction for residual gastric cancer. He had alcoholic liver cirrhosis and received radical laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy for gastric cancer 3 years ago. Early gastric cancer in the remnant stomach was found by routine upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. We initially performed endoscopic submucosal dissection, but the vertical margin was positive in a pathological result...
January 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Chaoyong Tu, Qiaomei Lin, Jingde Zhu, Chuxiao Shao, Kun Zhang, Chuan Jiang, Zhiyong Ding, Xingmu Zhou, Jiefei Tu, Wanlin Zhu, Wei Chen
Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic disease of unknown origin characterized by the formation of non-caseating granulomas. Thoracic involvement is the most common presentation; however, sarcoidosis can involve almost any other organ. To the best of our knowledge there have been only 10 cases of splenic sarcoidosis reported in the English literature, with no reports of sarcoidosis of an accessory spleen. The present study reports a case of isolated sarcoidosis of an accessory spleen in the greater omentum, which was identified postoperatively in a 44-year-old female...
June 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Antonio Fernando Rolim Marques, Lizianne Hermogenes Lopes, Marcela Dos Santos Martins, Cesar Vanderlei Carmona, Gustavo Pereira Fraga, Elcio Shiyoti Hirano
INTRODUCTION: Pneumopericardium, defined as the presence of gas in the pericardial sac, is a rare condition caused mostly by trauma. Tension pneumopericardium is a cause of hemodynamic instability; hence, it consists in a life-threatening situation and should be regarded in blunt chest trauma. CASE REPORT: A 51-year-old male was victim of a 4m fall and burial. He was stable upon admission and presented a simple pneumopericardium and pneumomediastinum on CT. While being submitted to an upper digestive endoscopy he presented respiratory failure and had to be intubated, suddenly evolving to shock...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Togo Seydou, Ouattara Moussa Abdoulaye, Li Xing, Sanogo Zimogo Zi, Koumaré Sekou, Yang Shang Wen, Sankare Ibrahim, Toure Cheik Ahmed Sekou, Maiga Ibrahim Boubacar, Jacque Saye, Dakouo Dodino Jerome, Toure Ousmane Dantoumé, Yena Sadio
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this work was to present the contribution of the endoscopy in the management of esophageal dilatation for caustic esophageal stenosis (CES). METHODS: This was a descriptive and prospective study in the thoracic surgery department at the Hospital of Mali. A total of 46 cases of CES is recorded and divided into 4 groups according to the topography of the esophageal lesions. For the different methods of dilatation the number of performed endoscopic support was determined to understand the contribution of endoscopic means in the success of dilatation for CES...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Xiankai Chen, Yin Li, Xianben Liu, Huaiping Fu, Haibo Sun, Ruixiang Zhang, Zongfei Wang, Yan Zheng
Esophageal schwannomas are rarely observed, and the most frequent presenting symptom is dysphagia. In such cases, esophageal endoscopy shows a mucosal protrusion with normal esophageal mucosa. Esophagography shows a protruding smooth mass in the middle thoracic esophagus. Both fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and endoscopic ultrasonography-fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) are limited for diagnosing the case. Diagnosis of this condition before surgery is difficult. The most common and effective treatment is enucleation through surgery or endoscopy...
May 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Randolph Hl Wong, Jacky Yk Ho, Malcolm J Underwood
Conventionally, aortic pathologies involving the ascending, arch, and descending thoracic aorta are treated by a staged operation. The Thoraflex device is a composite 4-branched graft with a distal endovascular stent, which allows one-stage treatment of these pathologies. We describe our multimodality hybrid approach for total arch replacement using the Thoraflex device with the adjunct of intraoperative 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography, Endo-EYE endoscopy, and on-table aortography in a hybrid operating room...
June 2016: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Yuki B Werner, Thomas Rösch
Submucosal endoscopy has introduced new and important aspects into gastrointestinal endoscopic therapeutics by opening the way to interventions even outside of the GI tract. At present, innovative techniques for submucosal endoscopy in different esophageal diseases include peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) for idiopathic achalasia and related motility disorders, submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (STER) for submucosal tumors arising from the muscularis propria, and endoscopic submucosal tunneling dissection (ESTD) for superficial esophageal neoplastic lesions...
June 2016: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"