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Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in China. In 2012 one million thirty six thousand cases of colorectal cancer were diagnosed all over the world, two hundred fifty three thousand cases were diagnosed in China (accounted for 18.6%). China has the largest number of new cases of colorectal cancer in the world. Colorectal cancer has becoming a serious threat of Chinese residents' health. In 2010, the National Ministry of Health organized colorectal cancer expertise of the Chinese Medical Association to write the "Chinese Protocol of Diagnosis and Treatment of Colorectal Cancer" (2010edition), and publish it publicly...
April 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Haijun Xiao, Yanghong Xu, Chenzi Ni, Qiannan Zhang, Feiya Zhong, Jishuai Huang, Wei Liu, Leilei Peng, Yingguo Zhu, Jun Hu
In flowering plants, various RNA editing events occur in the mitochondria and chloroplasts as part of post-transcriptional processes. Although several PPRs and MORFs have been identified as RNA editing factors, the underlying mechanism of PPRs and the cooperation among these proteins are still obscure. Here, we identified a rice dual-localized PPR protein, OsPGL1. The loss of function of OsPGL1 resulted in defects in both chloroplast RNA editing of ndhD-878 and mitochondrial RNA editing of ccmFc-543, both of which could be restored via complementary validation...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
Reid Tingley, Georgia Ward-Fear, Lin Schwarzkopf, Matthew J Greenlees, Benjamin L Phillips, Gregory Brown, Simon Clulow, Jonathan Webb, Robert Capon, Andy Sheppard, Tanja Strive, Mark Tizard, Richard Shine
Our best hope of developing innovative methods to combat invasive species is likely to come from the study of high-profile invaders that have attracted intensive research not only into control, but also basic biology. Here we illustrate that point by reviewing current thinking about novel ways to control one of the world’s most well-studied invasions: that of the cane toad in Australia. Recently developed methods for population suppression include more effective traps based on the toad’s acoustic and pheromonal biology...
June 2017: Quarterly Review of Biology
Sumana Sharma, Evangelia Petsalaki
The cellular signalling process is a highly complex mechanism, involving multiple players, which together orchestrate the cell's response to environmental changes and perturbations. Given the multitude of genes that participate in the process of cellular signalling, its study in a genome-wide manner has proven challenging. Recent advances in gene editing technologies, including clustered regularly-interspaced short palindromic repeats/Cas9 (CRISPR/Cas9) approaches, have opened new opportunities to investigate global regulatory signalling programs of cells in an unbiased manner...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Terese T Horlocker, Erik Vandermeuelen, Sandra L Kopp, Wiebke Gogarten, Lisa R Leffert, Honorio T Benzon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Robert M Stoekenbroek, John J P Kastelein
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review describes the pivotal role of genetic insights and technologies in the discovery of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) and the rapid development of PCSK9 inhibitors - a revolutionary new class of lipid-lowering agents. RECENT FINDINGS: PCSK9 was discovered as a the third gene implicated in familial hypercholesterolemia. Population genetics studies, enabled by technological advances, were instrumental in validating PCSK9 as a therapeutic target...
March 20, 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
Hunter G Moss, Truman R Brown, Donald B Wiest, Dorothea D Jenkins
Persistent oxidative stress depletes reduced glutathione (GSH), an intracellular antioxidant and an important determinant of CNS injury after hypoxia ischemia. We used standard, short echo time Stimulated Echo Acquisition Mode (STEAM) to detect GSH by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in 24 term neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), on day of life 5-6, after rewarming from therapeutic hypothermia. MRS demonstrated reliable, consistent GSH of 1·64 ± 0·20 mM in the basal ganglia immediately before intravenous infusion of N-acetylcysteine...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Ozge Dokuzlar, Pinar Soysal, Cansu Usarel, Ahmet Turan Isik
INTRODUCTION: Depression is a common and serious healthcare problem for older adults. This study aimed to determine the validity and reliability of GDS-4 and GDS-5 in Turkish, and to establish a new short-form Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) for our population, and also determine the superiority of each short scale to another. METHODS: A total of 437 outpatients were enrolled in the study. A researcher evaluated all participants according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-fifth edition (DSM-5) diagnostic criteria, and then another researcher applied GDS-15 to all participants...
March 21, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Mei-Jun Deng, Chun-Yan Liu, Yu Xie, Jie-Bin Zhu, Zhen-Hua Xu
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the regularity of application of Lianquan (CV 23) in clinical practice in Chinese ancient times through analysis of ancient traditional Chinese medical (TCM) literature. METHODS: A total of 60 books involving CV 23 from the 1 156 ancient TCM books listed in the fifth edition of Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine were collected by using CV 23 as the main keyword and "Sheben" "Benchi", and "Jieben" (the other names of CV 23 in TCM)as the supplementary keywords and analyzed systematically...
March 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Sipla Aggarwal, Anil Kumar, Kaushal K Bhati, Gazaldeep Kaur, Vishnu Shukla, Siddharth Tiwari, Ajay K Pandey
Enhancement of micronutrient bioavailability is crucial to address the malnutrition in the developing countries. Various approaches employed to address the micronutrient bioavailability are showing promising signs, especially in cereal crops. Phytic acid (PA) is considered as a major antinutrient due to its ability to chelate important micronutrients and thereby restricting their bioavailability. Therefore, manipulating PA biosynthesis pathway has largely been explored to overcome the pleiotropic effect in different crop species...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Matteo Chiappedi, Martina Mensi, Eliana Antonaci, Elena Zavani, Livio Tronconi, Cristiano Termine, Umberto Balottin
There are few literature evidences about the intellectual profile of adolescents with headache and no study has used the fourth edition of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV) in patients with a diagnosis of headache according to the ICHD-III-beta. We recruited 30 patients (age 11-14 years; male:female = 1:2) seen for headache in a tertiary center in Northern Italy and 30 healthy controls matched for age and sex, recruited in a public school from the same geographic area. The diagnosis of headache was done according to the ICHD-III criteria (beta version): the case group was composed of 16 patients with migraine and 14 with tension-type headache...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Monica H Breitve, Luiza J Chwiszczuk, Kolbjørn Brønnick, Minna J Hynninen, Bjørn H Auestad, Dag Aarsland, Arvid Rongve
Introduction: There are relatively few longitudinal studies on the differences in cognitive decline between Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), and the majority of existing studies have suboptimal designs. Aim: We investigated the differences in cognitive decline in AD compared to DLB over 4 years and cognitive domain predictors of progression. Methods: In a longitudinal study, 266 patients with first-time diagnosis of mild dementia were included and followed annually...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Shengjun Wang, Yang Mao, Yoshiki Narimatsu, Zilu Ye, Weihua Tian, Christoffer K Goth, Erandi Lira-Navarrete, Nis Borbye Pedersen, Asier Benito-Vicente, Cesar Martin, Kepa B Uribe, Ramon Hurtado-Guerrero, Christina Christoffersen, Nabil G Seidah, Rikke Nielsen, Erik I Christensen, Lars Hansen, Eric P Bennett, Sergey Y Vakhrushev, Katrine T Schjoldager, Henrik Clausen
The low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) and related proteins are important for the transport of diverse biomolecules across cell membranes and barriers. Their functions are especially relevant for cholesterol homeostasis and diseases, including neurodegenerative and kidney disorders. Members of the LDLR-related protein family share LDLR class A (LA) repeats providing binding properties for lipoproteins and other biomolecules. We previously demonstrated that short linker regions between these LA repeats contain conserved O-glycan-sites...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ralph Witzgall
Primary cilia represent small, yet distinct compartments of the plasma membrane. They are speculated to exercise chemo- and mechanosensory functions and to serve as signaling hubs for crucial pathways such as the Wnt and hedgehog cascades. It is therefore necessary that specific integral membrane proteins, in particular sensors and receptors, are sorted to the cilium and not to the surrounding somatic plasma membrane upon being synthesized at the rough endoplasmic reticulum. Apparently no singular "zip code" for the primary cilium exists but rather several ciliary targeting signals whose biochemical and cell biological implications are just about being unravelled...
March 17, 2018: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
Manuela Schnyder, Hubertus Hertzberg, Alexander Mathis, Marietta Schönmann, Adrian Hehl, Peter Deplazes
Pursuant to the Joint Declaration by 29 European education ministers in June 1999 in the city of Bologna, Italy, the so-called 'Bologna Process' was officially introduced at the Vetsuisse Faculty (Universities of Zurich and Berne) in Switzerland in 2007. The long-term goal of restructuring the study programmes was to create a common European Higher Education Area (EHEA), with uniform and clearly defined standards for degrees ("diplomas"). Accordingly, the Vetsuisse curriculum was organised as a 3-year Bachelor and a 2-year Master study program...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
Edit Nagy, Gabriella Posa, Regina Finta, Levente Szilagyi, Edit Sziver
As proprioceptive training is popular for injury prevention and rehabilitation, we evaluated its effect on balance parameters and assessed the frequency spectra of postural sway linked with the various sensory channels. We recorded the Center of Mass displacement of 30 healthy student research participants (mean age = 21.63; SD = 1.29 years) with a single force plate under eyes open (EO) and eyes closed (EC) positions while standing on either a firm or foam surface, both before and after an 8-week balance training intervention on a foam surface with EC...
January 1, 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
Danielle Becker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
Sabrina Gabrielle Anjara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Tim L Wigal, Jeffrey H Newcorn, Nelson Handal, Sharon B Wigal, Ioulietta Mulligan, Virginia Schmith, Eric Konofal
BACKGROUND: Mazindol is under investigation for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) because of its alertness-enhancing properties. A novel controlled-release (CR) formulation of mazindol was developed to allow once-daily dosing. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of mazindol CR in adults with ADHD. DESIGN: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 6-week trial. METHODS: Subjects diagnosed with ADHD using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Structured Interview (MINI) and with an ADHD Rating Scale, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th Edition (ADHD-RS-DSM5) score ≥ 28 were randomized to receive placebo or 1-3 mg/day of mazindol for 6 weeks...
March 19, 2018: CNS Drugs
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