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American heart association of cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923988/contemporary-management-of-cardiogenic-shock-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#1
REVIEW
Sean van Diepen, Jason N Katz, Nancy M Albert, Timothy D Henry, Alice K Jacobs, Navin K Kapur, Ahmet Kilic, Venu Menon, E Magnus Ohman, Nancy K Sweitzer, Holger Thiele, Jeffrey B Washam, Mauricio G Cohen
Cardiogenic shock is a high-acuity, potentially complex, and hemodynamically diverse state of end-organ hypoperfusion that is frequently associated with multisystem organ failure. Despite improving survival in recent years, patient morbidity and mortality remain high, and there are few evidence-based therapeutic interventions known to clearly improve patient outcomes. This scientific statement on cardiogenic shock summarizes the epidemiology, pathophysiology, causes, and outcomes of cardiogenic shock; reviews contemporary best medical, surgical, mechanical circulatory support, and palliative care practices; advocates for the development of regionalized systems of care; and outlines future research priorities...
September 18, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915766/should-an-ldl-cholesterol-target-based-approach-be-readopted
#2
C Michael White, Erin R Weeda, Elaine Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: To review clinical trials driving the evolution of hyperlipidemic guidelines, discuss whether low-density lipoprotein (LDL) targets and adjunctive therapy on top of statins should be used, and summarize the pharmacist's role in helping achieve LDL goals. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE search (1/1980-5/2017) using terms including LDL, lipid, and statin, with forward and backward citation tracking. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: English-language studies and guidelines assessing LDL-lowering therapy were included...
July 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912201/race-and-socioeconomic-differences-associated-with-changes-in-statin-eligibility-under-the-2013-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-cholesterol-guidelines
#3
Amol A Verma, Marcia P Jimenez, S V Subramanian, Allan D Sniderman, Fahad Razak
BACKGROUND: The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines expanded eligibility criteria for statins. We examined race and socioeconomic differences associated with these changes. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was an observational study of adults between 40 and 75 years of age using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys between 2005 and 2012. Change in eligibility for statins was assessed based on the third adult treatment panel criteria and the 2013 ACC/AHA guidelines...
September 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899385/coronary-artery-calcium-score-plays-an-important-role-for-cardiovascular-risk-stratification-in-the-statin-benefit-groups-of-asymptomatic-individuals
#4
Dong-Hyeon Lee, Ho-Joong Youn, Hae-Ok Jung, Kiyuk Chang, Yun-Seok Choi, Jung Im Jung
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the relationship between statin benefit groups based on statin-intensity class of drugs and coronary artery calcium score (CACS) using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in an asymptomatic Korean population. METHODS: A total of 3914 asymptomatic individuals (mean age: 55 ± 10 years; male: female = 2649: 1265) who underwent MDCT for health examination between January 2009 and December 2012 were retrospectively enrolled...
September 12, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885062/out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-always-coronary-angiography
#5
Andrea Rognoni, Chiara Cavallino, Marco Giovanni Mennuni, Lucia Barbieri, Roberta Rosso, Francesco Rametta, Federico Nardi, Alessandro Lupi, Angelo Sante Bongo
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains one of the principle challenges in the setting of critical care medicine and emergency cardiology. Areas covered: Long-term survival rates even after successful resuscitation are variable but increasing in the recent years; due to the improvement of base and advanced cardiac life support techniques an increasing number of resuscitated patients are admitted to the hospital. Recent data suggested that patients surviving to hospital discharge after OHCA presented long-term outcome similar to patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction...
September 18, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884447/guidelines-in-review-comparison-of-esc-and-acc-aha-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#6
Jubin Joseph, Alejandro Velasco, Fadi G Hage, Eliana Reyes
In 2012, the American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) and the American Heart Association (AHA) Task Force on Practice Guidelines jointly with the American College of Physicians, American Association for Thoracic Surgery, Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons produced a set of recommendations intended to assist physicians in the diagnosis and management of patients with stable ischemic heart disease. Two years later, a focused update on the 2012 guidelines was published...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879791/incorporation-of-pcsk9-inhibitors-into-prevention-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease
#7
Cezary Wójcik
Primary and secondary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) has become recently more complex than ever, leaving the clinicians perplexed with outdated guidelines and emerging evidence about new LDL-C lowering therapies. 2013 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines have focused on high intensity statin therapy for specific groups of patients, while abandoning long established LDL-C goals, a strategy which no longer seems valid. PCSK9 (proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9) inhibitors have emerged as the add-on therapy on top of statins and/or ezetimibe for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and ASCVD prevention...
September 7, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870679/acc-aats-aha-ase-asnc-hrs-scai-scct-scmr-sts-2017-appropriate-use-criteria-for-multimodality-imaging-in-valvular%C3%A2-heart-disease-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-appropriate-use-criteria-task-force-american-association-for-thoracic-surgery-american
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854072/acclimating-to-the-increase-in-statin-use-in-accountable-care-organizations-based-on-changes-in-quality-measures-a-report-from-the-accountable-care-organization-research-network-services-and-education
#9
Leah Bensimon, Genevieve Hale
The Accountable Care Organization Research Network, Services, and Education (ACORN SEED), founded by faculty members at Nova Southeastern University College of Pharmacy, is a group of pharmacists that provides unique pharmacy services to accountable care organizations (ACOs), patient-centered medical homes, and management services organizations to help maximize shared savings and target medication-related issues, while promoting the pharmacy profession and unique learning experiences for pharmacy students within these settings...
September 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853530/-novelties-in-pericardial-diseases-a-focused-review-of-the-latest-european-guidelines
#10
Alexander Fardman, Yehuda Adler
More than a decade has elapsed since the first international guidelines on the diagnosis and management of pericardial diseases were issued by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) in 2004. Since then, significant advances have been made in this field due to several randomized double blinded controlled trials and also retrospective, as well as prospective, cohort studies that were conducted during this time frame. However, despite the amount of knowledge that has been accumulated, only Spanish and Brazilian national societies of cardiology have so far published national guidelines on the management of pericardial diseases...
August 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847012/accuracy-of-cardiovascular-risk-prediction-varies-by-neighborhood-socioeconomic-position-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Jarrod E Dalton, Adam T Perzynski, David A Zidar, Michael B Rothberg, Claudia J Coulton, Alex T Milinovich, Douglas Einstadter, James K Karichu, Neal V Dawson
Background: Inequality in health outcomes in relation to Americans' socioeconomic position is rising. Objective: First, to evaluate the spatial relationship between neighborhood disadvantage and major atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD)-related events; second, to evaluate the relative extent to which neighborhood disadvantage and physiologic risk account for neighborhood-level variation in ASCVD event rates. Design: Observational cohort analysis of geocoded longitudinal electronic health records...
August 29, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844512/meta-analysis-of-usefulness-of-anticoagulation-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#12
REVIEW
Kinjal Banerjee, Kanhaiya Poddar, Stephanie Mick, Jonathon White, Amar Krishnaswamy, Douglas Johnston, Leonardo Rodriguez, E Murat Tuzcu, Samir Kapadia
Since the advent of bioprosthetic valves, the implications of long-term anticoagulation after valve replacement are unclear. There are very little data on outcomes of long-term anticoagulation after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Our aim was to conduct a systematic review of literature regarding anticoagulation after TAVI. The existing literature on anticoagulation after bioprosthetic valve replacement was thoroughly reviewed, including the most recent American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association 2017 guidelines for management of valvular disease, which is based on sparse, nonrandomized retrospective data...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838934/management-of-cardiac-involvement-associated-with-neuromuscular-diseases-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#13
REVIEW
Brian Feingold, William T Mahle, Scott Auerbach, Paula Clemens, Andrea A Domenighetti, John L Jefferies, Daniel P Judge, Ashwin K Lal, Larry W Markham, W James Parks, Takeshi Tsuda, Paul J Wang, Shi-Joon Yoo
For many neuromuscular diseases (NMDs), cardiac disease represents a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The management of cardiac disease in NMDs is made challenging by the broad clinical heterogeneity that exists among many NMDs and by limited knowledge about disease-specific cardiovascular pathogenesis and course-modifying interventions. The overlay of compromise in peripheral muscle function and other organ systems, such as the lungs, also makes the simple application of endorsed adult or pediatric heart failure guidelines to the NMD population problematic...
August 24, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827377/clinical-practice-guideline-for-screening-and-management-of-high-blood-pressure-in-children-and-adolescents
#14
Joseph T Flynn, David C Kaelber, Carissa M Baker-Smith, Douglas Blowey, Aaron E Carroll, Stephen R Daniels, Sarah D de Ferranti, Janis M Dionne, Bonita Falkner, Susan K Flinn, Samuel S Gidding, Celeste Goodwin, Michael G Leu, Makia E Powers, Corinna Rea, Joshua Samuels, Madeline Simasek, Vidhu V Thaker, Elaine M Urbina
These pediatric hypertension guidelines are an update to the 2004 "Fourth Report on the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents." Significant changes in these guidelines include (1) the replacement of the term "prehypertension" with the term "elevated blood pressure," (2) new normative pediatric blood pressure (BP) tables based on normal-weight children, (3) a simplified screening table for identifying BPs needing further evaluation, (4) a simplified BP classification in adolescents ≥13 years of age that aligns with the forthcoming American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology adult BP guidelines, (5) a more limited recommendation to perform screening BP measurements only at preventive care visits, (6) streamlined recommendations on the initial evaluation and management of abnormal BPs, (7) an expanded role for ambulatory BP monitoring in the diagnosis and management of pediatric hypertension, and (8) revised recommendations on when to perform echocardiography in the evaluation of newly diagnosed hypertensive pediatric patients (generally only before medication initiation), along with a revised definition of left ventricular hypertrophy...
September 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826846/2016-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-guideline-on-the-management-of-patients-with-lower-extremity-peripheral-artery-disease-perioperative-implications
#15
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Valentine, E Andrew Ochroch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826683/perioperative-management-of-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-in-patients-with-new-generation-drug-eluting-metallic-stents-and-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffolds-undergoing-elective-noncardiac-surgery
#16
REVIEW
Michael Essandoh, Adam A Dalia, Mazen Albaghdadi, Barry George, Nicoleta Stoicea, Muhammad Shabsigh, Sunil V Rao
Dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is considered mandatory after new-generation drug-eluting coronary stent implantation to reduce ischemic complications such as stent thrombosis, but the need for DAPT makes the timing of elective surgery difficult. Interrupting DAPT places patients at risk for stent thrombosis, and surgery in the setting of DAPT may lead to bleeding. The 2016 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guideline recommends delaying elective noncardiac surgery for a minimum 6-month period to reduce ischemic risks after the implantation of a second-generation metallic drug-eluting stent (DES)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822512/implications-of-the-2013-acc-aha-cholesterol-guidelines-on-contemporary-clinical-practice-for-patients-with-atherosclerotic-coronary-and-peripheral-arterial-disease
#17
Prasad Gunasekaran, Vinodh Jeevanantham, Suresh Sharma, Rashmi Thapa, Kamal Gupta
BACKGROUND: Cholesterol management guidelines from the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA-2013) recommend fixed statin dosing (dose depends on age ≤ or >75years) compared to the earlier adult treatment panel III (ATPIII) guidelines which recommended specific low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) targets. Clinical implications of this recommendation are not known. METHODS: We retrospectively compared cholesterol levels and statin utilization across cohorts with coronary artery disease (CAD) (n=9563), peripheral arterial disease (PAD) (n=596) and CAD+PAD (n=975) by applying both guidelines...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822511/comparison-of-different-cardiovascular-risk-score-calculators-for-cardiovascular-risk-prediction-and-guideline-recommended-statin-uses
#18
Naveen Garg, Subrat K Muduli, Aditya Kapoor, Satyendra Tewari, Sudeep Kumar, Roopali Khanna, Pravin Kumar Goel
OBJECTIVE: The accuracy of various 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk calculators in Indians may not be the same as in other populations. Present study was conducted to compare the various calculators for CVD risk assessment and statin eligibility according to different guidelines. METHODS: Consecutive 1110 patients who presented after their first myocardial infarction were included. Their CVD risk was calculated using Framingham Risk score- Coronary heart disease (FRS-CHD), Framingham Risk Score- Cardiovascular Disease (FRS-CVD), QRISK2, Joint British Society risk calculator 3 (JBS3), American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA), atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and WHO risk charts, assuming that they had presented one day before cardiac event for risk assessment...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816774/practitioner-gender-and-quality-of-care-in-ambulatory-cardiology-practices-a-report-from-the-national-cardiovascular-data-practice-innovation-and-clinical-excellence-pinnacle-registry
#19
Dipti Gupta, Fengming Tang, Frederick A Masoudi, Philip G Jones, Paul S Chan, Stacie L Daugherty
BACKGROUND: Some studies suggest that female practitioners are more likely to provide guideline-concordant care than male practitioners; however, little is known about the role of practitioner gender in cardiology. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to measure the association between practitioner gender and adherence to the cardiovascular performance measures in the American College of Cardiology's ambulatory Practice Innovation and Clinical Excellence Registry...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811871/do-all-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-need-long-term-anticoagulation
#20
Munish Sharma, Rohit Masih, Daniel A N Mascarenhas
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia worldwide with an estimated number of 2.7-6.1 million cases in the United States (US) alone. The incidence of AF is expected to increase 2.5 fold over the next 50 years in the US. The management of AF is complex and includes mainly three aspects; restoration of sinus rhythm, control of ventricular rate and prevention of systemic thromboembolism. AF as a cause of systemic embolization has been well known for many years, and majority of patients are on oral anticoagulants (OACs) to prevent this...
June 7, 2017: Clinics and Practice
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