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American heart association of cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427339/cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-chinese-antiretroviral-na%C3%A3-ve-adults-with-advanced-hiv-disease
#1
Fuping Guo, Evelyn Hsieh, Wei Lv, Yang Han, Jing Xie, Yanling Li, Xiaojing Song, Taisheng Li
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an important cause of mortality among HIV-infected patients, however little is known about the burden of CVD among this population in Asia. We sought to quantify prevalence of CVD risk factors, 10-year CVD risk, and patterns of CVD risk factor treatment in a group of individuals with HIV in China. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed baseline data from treatment-naïve HIV-infected adults enrolled in two multicenter clinical trials in China...
April 20, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426694/prediction-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-a-nationally-representative-cohort-using-a-set-of-risk-factors-from-pooled-cohort-risk-equations
#2
Zefeng Zhang, Cathleen Gillespie, Barbara Bowman, Quanhe Yang
The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association developed Pooled Cohort equations to estimate atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk. It is unclear how well the equations predict ASCVD mortality in a nationally representative cohort. We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1988-1994 and Linked Mortality through 2006 (n = 6,644). Among participants aged 40-79 years without ASCVD at baseline, we used Cox proportional hazard models to estimate the 10-year probability of ASCVD death by sex and race-ethnicity (non-Hispanic white (NHW), non-Hispanic black (NHB) and Mexican American (MA))...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425226/a-review-of-pediatric-pulmonary-hypertension-with-new-guidelines
#3
Serdar Kula, Ayhan Pektaş
This study aims to review pediatric pulmonary hypertension (PH) by comparing the guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Respiratory Society (ERS), the American Heart Association (AHA)/American Thoracic Society (ATS), and the European Pediatric Pulmonary Vascular Disease Network (EPPVDN). All three sets of guidelines define PH as having a mean pulmonary artery pressure of ≥25 mmHg and accept the validity of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification system. Every child with a high index of suspicion for PH should undergo an initial work-up of chest X-rays, electrocardiography, and echocardiography...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420803/comparison-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-and-the-european-society-of-cardiology-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-valvular-heart-disease
#4
Aya J Alame, Aris Karatasakis, Judit Karacsonyi, Barbara A Danek, Paul Sorajja, Mario Gössl, Santiago Garcia, Hani Jneid, Nikolaos Kakouros, Jose Roberto Martinez-Parachini, Erica Resendes, Pratik Kalsaria, Michele Roesle, Bavana V Rangan, Subhash Banerjee, Emmanouil S Brilakis
BACKGROUND: The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) have developed guidelines to assist clinicians in making evidence-based decisions. This study compares the ACC/AHA and ESC guidelines for the management of patients with valvular heart disease (VHD). METHODS: The current ACC/AHA and ESC guidelines for VHD, last updated in 2014 and 2012, respectively, were compared by class of recommendation (COR), level of evidence (LOE), and content...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419035/clinical-practice-guidelines-decrease-unnecessary-echocardiograms-before-hip-fracture-surgery
#5
Chris Adair, Eric Swart, Rachel Seymour, Joshua Patt, Madhav A Karunakar
BACKGROUND: Preoperative assessment of geriatric patients with a hip fracture may include transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), which increases resource utilization and cost and may delay surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate preoperative TTE utilization at a single institution in order to determine (1) how often TTE is ordered in accordance with clinical practice guidelines (CPGs), (2) how frequently TTE reveals cardiac disease that may alter medical or anesthesia management, and (3) whether following CPGs reduces unnecessary TTE utilization without potentially missing important disease...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418481/comparison-of-recommended-eligibility-for-primary-prevention-statin-therapy-based-on-the-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendations-vs-the-acc-aha-guidelines
#6
Neha J Pagidipati, Ann Marie Navar, Hillary Mulder, Allan D Sniderman, Eric D Peterson, Michael J Pencina
Importance: There are important differences among guideline recommendations for using statin therapy in primary prevention. New recommendations from the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) emphasize therapy based on the presence of 1 or more cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and a 10-year global CVD risk of 10% or greater. Objective: To determine the difference in eligibility for primary prevention statin treatment among US adults, assuming full application of USPSTF recommendations compared with the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines...
April 18, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405060/personalized-treatment-of-heart-failure-with-biomarker-guidance-using-a-novel-disease-severity-score
#7
Anupama Vasudevan, Hourossadat Hashemi Jazi, Jane I Won, Timothy Ball, Gautam R Patankar, Syed A Sarmast, Hyun Joon Shin, Peter A McCullough
We propose a novel Myocardial Injury Summary Score (MISS) integrating the 4 biomarkers suggested by the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines for management of heart failure. In this case series, we examined 4 heart failure patients who received treatment guided by the biomarker results and 4 patients who received routine clinical management with no information about the biomarkers. Most of the patients receiving biomarker-guided management had medications adjusted based on the biomarker values, while no changes were recommended for patients in the biomarker-blinded category...
April 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404560/statin-eligibility-and-outpatient-care-prior-to-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#8
Michael D Miedema, Ross F Garberich, Lucas J Schnaidt, Erin Peterson, Craig Strauss, Scott Sharkey, Thomas Knickelbine, Marc C Newell, Timothy D Henry
BACKGROUND: The impact of the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association cholesterol guidelines on statin eligibility in individuals otherwise destined to experience cardiovascular disease (CVD) events is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed a prospective cohort of consecutive ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients from a regional STEMI system with data on patient demographics, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, CVD risk factors, medication use, and outpatient visits over the 2 years prior to STEMI...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397943/anthropometric-and-central-obesity-indices-as-predictors-of-long-term-cardiometabolic-risk-among-saudi-young-and-middle-aged-men-and-women
#9
Mahmoud M A Abulmeaty, Ali M Almajwal, Najwa K Almadani, Mona S Aldosari, Ahmed A Alnajim, Saeed B Ali, Heba M Hassan, Hany A Elkatawy
To investigate the prediction of long-term cardiometabolic risk using anthropometric and central obesity parameters.  Methods: A total of 390 Saudi subjects (men 42.8%) aged 18-50 years were enrolled in a cross-sectional study in King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between August 2014 and  January 2016. All   participants were instructed to fast for 12 hours before taking blood samples for glucose and lipid panel analyses. A full anthropometric measurement and bioelectric impedance analysis was performed...
April 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391916/clinical-implications-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-guidelines-for-the-treatment-of-blood-cholesterol-for-a-rural-community-data-from-the-heart-of-new-ulm-project
#10
Michael D Miedema, Abbey C Sidebottom, Arthur Sillah, Gretchen Benson, Thomas Knickelbine, Jeffrey J VanWormer
BACKGROUND: The 2013 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/AHA cholesterol guidelines represented a significant paradigm shift in the approach to the treatment of cholesterol in the United States. OBJECTIVE: To assess prevalence of indications for statin therapy according to the ACC/AHA cholesterol guidelines in a rural community. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was performed using data from the Heart of New Ulm Project, a population-based intervention aimed at reducing modifiable Adult Treatment Panel (ATP) III guidelines for the treatment of cholesterol for cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk factors in New Ulm, MN...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387202/2016-consensus-statement-on-prevention-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-hong-kong-population
#11
B My Cheung, C H Cheng, C P Lau, C Ky Wong, R Cw Ma, D Ws Chu, D Hk Ho, K Lf Lee, H F Tse, A Sp Wong, B Py Yan, V Wt Yan
INTRODUCTION: In Hong Kong, the prevalence of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease has increased markedly over the past few decades, and further increases are expected. In 2008, the Hong Kong Cardiovascular Task Force released a consensus statement on preventing cardiovascular disease in the Hong Kong population. The present article provides an update on these recommendations. PARTICIPANTS: A multidisciplinary group of clinicians comprising the Hong Kong Cardiovascular Task Force-10 cardiologists, an endocrinologist, and a family physician-met in September 2014 and June 2015 in Hong Kong...
April 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375096/evaluation-on-curative-effect-and-safety-of-interventional-treatment-for-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#12
Yinchuan Zhu, Jianmin Tang, Feifei Pei
To evaluate the effectiveness and recent safety of emergency and selective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in elderly patients (>80 years old) with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). 120 elderly patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) were divided into AMI group (with 55 cases) and non-myocardial infarction group (control group with 65 cases). Among the AMI group, there were 18 cases underwent emergency PCI within 12 hours after the onset, (AMI emergency PCI group), the rest 37 cases were AMI selective PCI group...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373783/analysis-of-three-risk-stratification-systems-in-a-saudi-population
#13
Rami Abazid, Hanna Al Saqqa, Osama Smettei
INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. Although there are a number of algorithms in use for determining the risk of coronary artery disease and thus predicting future cardiovascular events, the data available regarding their validity among the Saudi population are insufficient. OBJECTIVE: We studied the validity of three clinical score systems in predicting a high risk population defined as having excessive coronary calcification: the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) Pooled Cohort Risk Equation, the Framingham Risk Score, and the European Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation...
April 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363217/acc-aha-guidelines-superior-to-esc-eas-guidelines-for-primary-prevention-with-statins-in-non-diabetic-europeans-the-copenhagen-general-population-study
#14
Martin Bødtker Mortensen, Børge G Nordestgaard, Shoaib Afzal, Erling Falk
Aim: We compared the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and the 2016 European Society of Cardiology/European Atherosclerosis Society (ESC/EAS) guidelines on prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) using different risk prediction models [US Pooled Cohort Equations (US-PCE for any ASCVD) and European Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation system (European-SCORE for fatal ASCVD)] and different statin eligibility criteria. Methods and results: We examined 44 889 individuals aged 40-75 recruited in 2003-09 in the Copenhagen General Population Study, all free of ASCVD, diabetes, and statin use at baseline...
February 21, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360086/potential-impact-and-study-considerations-of-metabolomics-in-cardiovascular-health-and-disease-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#15
REVIEW
Susan Cheng, Svati H Shah, Elizabeth J Corwin, Oliver Fiehn, Robert L Fitzgerald, Robert E Gerszten, Thomas Illig, Eugene P Rhee, Pothur R Srinivas, Thomas J Wang, Mohit Jain
Through the measure of thousands of small-molecule metabolites in diverse biological systems, metabolomics now offers the potential for new insights into the factors that contribute to complex human diseases such as cardiovascular disease. Targeted metabolomics methods have already identified new molecular markers and metabolomic signatures of cardiovascular disease risk (including branched-chain amino acids, select unsaturated lipid species, and trimethylamine-N-oxide), thus in effect linking diverse exposures such as those from dietary intake and the microbiota with cardiometabolic traits...
April 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359368/egg-consumption-and-heart-health-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Zachary S Clayton, Elizabeth Fusco, Mark Kern
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. Until recently, reducing dietary cholesterol has been a part of the American Heart Association (AHA) and American College of Cardiology (ACC) guidelines on lifestyle management, despite inconclusive evidence to support the recommendation. Considering eggs are a rich source of dietary cholesterol (typically containing 141-234 mg per egg), individuals with increased risk for CVD are advised not to consume eggs. Furthermore, based on the 2012 AHA/ACC guidelines, individuals with lower risk for CVD have previously been advised to avoid consuming eggs due to the high content of dietary cholesterol...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356445/diagnosis-treatment-and-long-term-management-of-kawasaki-disease-a-scientific-statement-for-health-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association
#17
REVIEW
Brian W McCrindle, Anne H Rowley, Jane W Newburger, Jane C Burns, Anne F Bolger, Michael Gewitz, Annette L Baker, Mary Anne Jackson, Masato Takahashi, Pinak B Shah, Tohru Kobayashi, Mei-Hwan Wu, Tsutomu T Saji, Elfriede Pahl
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease is an acute vasculitis of childhood that leads to coronary artery aneurysms in ≈25% of untreated cases. It has been reported worldwide and is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children in developed countries. METHODS AND RESULTS: To revise the previous American Heart Association guidelines, a multidisciplinary writing group of experts was convened to review and appraise available evidence and practice-based opinion, as well as to provide updated recommendations for diagnosis, treatment of the acute illness, and long-term management...
March 29, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348099/correction-to-estimating-longitudinal-risks-and-benefits-from-cardiovascular-preventive-therapies-among-medicare-patients-the-million-hearts-longitudinal-ascvd-risk-assessment-tool-a-special-report-from-the-american-heart-association-and-american-college-of
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348089/the-development-of-cardiac-arrhythmia-ablation-a-conversation-with-melvin-a-scheinman-md
#19
Melvin A Scheinman, John D. Rutherford
Dr Melvin A. Scheinman is Professor of Medicine and holds the Walter H. Shorenstein Endowed Chair in Cardiology at the University of California, San Francisco. He has received awards including the Paul Dudley White Award for Excellence in Teaching by the American Heart Association and the Distinguished Science Award of the American College of Cardiology. He grew up in Brooklyn, New York, and took his undergraduate degree at Johns Hopkins University, where he graduated first in his class. Postgraduate medical education included the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, residency training at the University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill), and cardiology training at the University of California, San Francisco Medical Center...
March 28, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339992/rheumatoid-arthritis-specific-cardiovascular-risk-scores-are-not-superior-to-general-risk-scores-a-validation-analysis-of-patients-from-seven-countries
#20
Cynthia S Crowson, Sherine E Gabriel, Anne Grete Semb, Piet L C M van Riel, George Karpouzas, Patrick H Dessein, Carol Hitchon, Virginia Pascual-Ramos, George D Kitas
Objectives.: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk calculators developed for the general population do not accurately predict CVD events in patients with RA. We sought to externally validate risk calculators recommended for use in patients with RA including the EULAR 1.5 multiplier, the Expanded Cardiovascular Risk Prediction Score for RA (ERS-RA) and QRISK2. Methods.: Seven RA cohorts from UK, Norway, Netherlands, USA, South Africa, Canada and Mexico were combined...
March 8, 2017: Rheumatology
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